Melatonin-induced calcium signaling in clusters of human and rat duodenal enterocytes
... signaling in human and rat duodenal enterocytes. Clusters of interconnecting enterocytes (10-50 cells) were isolated by mild ... Melatonin-induced enterocyte [Ca2+](i) signaling as well as mucosal cell-to-cell communication may be involved in stimulation ... Enterocytes in clusters functioned as a syncytium.. Overnight fasting rapidly and profoundly down-regulated the responses to ... Melatonin-induced calcium signaling in clusters of human and rat duodenal enterocytes. Sjöblom, Markus Uppsala University, ...http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:163099
Mutations prevent completion & transport of enzyme to brush border enterocytes. n SI deficiency results in increased luminal ...http://www.nafwa.org/sucrase.php
Sucrase-isomaltase - Wikipedia
It has preferential expression in the apical membranes of enterocytes. The enzyme's purpose is to digest dietary carbohydrates ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sucrase-isomaltase
Enterocyte - Wikipedia
Enterocytes, or intestinal absorptive cells, are simple columnar epithelial cells found in the small intestine. A glycocalyx ... Fructose, on the other hand, crosses the apical membrane of the enterocyte, using GLUT5. It is thought to cross into the blood ... Lipids are broken down by pancreatic lipase and bile, and then diffuse into the enterocytes. Smaller lipids are transported ... It moves through the cytosol (cytoplasm) and exits the enterocyte via the basolateral membrane (into the blood capillary) using ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterocyte
Locus of enterocyte effacement - Wikipedia
The locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) is a moderately conserved pathogenicity island consisting of 35,000 base pairs in the ... The LEE has a 38% G+C ratio.[clarification needed] Locus of enterocyte effacement-encoded regulator. ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Locus_of_enterocyte_effacement
Locus of enterocyte effacement-encoded regulator - Wikipedia
The locus of enterocyte effacement-encoded regulator (Ler) is a regulatory protein that controls bacterial pathogenicity of ... Winardhi, Ricksen S.; Gulvady, Ranjit; Mellies, Jay L.; Yan, Jie (2014-05-16). "Locus of enterocyte effacement-encoded ... the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE)-encoded regulator (Ler)". Molecular Microbiology. 33 (2): 296-306. ISSN 0950-382X. ... "A Positive Regulatory Loop Controls Expression of the Locus of Enterocyte Effacement-Encoded Regulators Ler and GrlA". Journal ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Locus_of_enterocyte_effacement-encoded_regulator
Enterocyte - Wikipedia
Enterocytes, or intestinal absorptive cells, are simple columnar epithelial cells found in the small intestine. A glycocalyx ... The major functions of enterocytes include:. *Ion uptake, including sodium, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, and copper. This ... Fructose, on the other hand, crosses the apical membrane of the enterocyte, using GLUT5. It is thought to cross into the blood ... Glucose crosses the apical membrane of the enterocyte using the sodium-glucose cotransporter. It moves through the cytosol ( ...https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterocyte
enterocytes - Humpath.com - Human pathology
Adj. enterocytic Definition : Intestinal absorptive cells. Pathology enterocytic anomalies enterocytic diseases See also cells (...)http://www.humpath.com/spip.php?article5612
Insulin Internalizes GLUT2 in the Enterocytes of Healthy but Not Insulin-Resistant Mice | Diabetes
3A and D), which represented 40% of total GLUT2 in the enterocyte membranes of mice fed fructose-rich diet for 30 days (Fig. 3C ... Enterocyte membranes were separated according to densities (1.057-1.150 g/l) in iodixanol gradients (20). GLUT2 was found in ... Insulin action is transduced via receptors in enterocyte plasma membranes in vivo (25,26) and in vitro in Caco-2/TC7 cells. The ... The effects of insulin on enterocytes were studied in Caco-2/TC7 cells (15,24), which enabled a separation between the effects ...http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/57/3/555
The enterocyte height and number in children with protracted diarrhoea
The mean enterocyte height (EH) in normally nourished children was 31+or-2.7 micro m. There was a significant reduction in the ... Bhan, M.K.; Khoshoo, V.; Phillips, A.D.; Smith, J.A.W.; Mathur, M., 1988: The enterocyte height and number in children with ...https://eurekamag.com/research/002/249/002249875.php
Myosin Vb and rab11a regulate ezrin phosphorylation in enterocytes | Journal of Cell Science
Myosin Vb and rab11a regulate ezrin phosphorylation in enterocytes. Herschel S. Dhekne, Nai-Hua Hsiao, Pieter Roelofs, Meena ... Myosin Vb and rab11a regulate ezrin phosphorylation in enterocytes Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from ... Myosin Vb and rab11a regulate ezrin phosphorylation in enterocytes. Herschel S. Dhekne, Nai-Hua Hsiao, Pieter Roelofs, Meena ... Myosin Vb and rab11a regulate ezrin phosphorylation in enterocytes. Herschel S. Dhekne, Nai-Hua Hsiao, Pieter Roelofs, Meena ...http://jcs.biologists.org/content/early/2014/01/07/jcs.137273
Enterocytes - Suggestions for enterocytes by The Free Dictionary.
Information about spelling of enterocytes in the Spelling Center of the Free Online English dictionary and encyclopedia ... Enterocytes - Suggestions for enterocytes by The Free Dictionary. https://www.spellingcenter.com/enterocytes ... Enterocyte. Other: Based on user queries performed on www.thefreedictionary.com, the following results display misspelled words ... Suggestions for enterocytes in the Online Dictionary. ...http://www.spellingcenter.com/enterocytes
Myosin Vb and Rab11a regulate phosphorylation of ezrin in enterocytes. - Semantic Scholar
... might act as subapical signaling platforms that enterocytes use to regulate development of microvilli and maintain human ... Microvilli at the apical surface of enterocytes allow the efficient absorption of nutrients in the intestine. Ezrin activation ... Rab11a regulates syntaxin 3 localization and microvillus assembly in enterocytes.. *Byron C. Knowles, Victoria G. Weis, +7 ... Microvilli at the apical surface of enterocytes allow the efficient absorption of nutrients in the intestine. Ezrin activation ...https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Myosin-Vb-and-Rab11a-regulate-phosphorylation-of-in-Dhekne-Hsiao/6f2879f9968e58734a6afa3ae92c18355f7ab977
Enterocyte intrinsic factor receptor defect | definition of enterocyte intrinsic factor receptor defect by Medical dictionary
What is enterocyte intrinsic factor receptor defect? Meaning of enterocyte intrinsic factor receptor defect medical term. What ... Looking for online definition of enterocyte intrinsic factor receptor defect in the Medical Dictionary? enterocyte intrinsic ... Enterocyte intrinsic factor receptor defect , definition of enterocyte intrinsic factor receptor defect by Medical dictionary ... redirected from enterocyte intrinsic factor receptor defect) megaloblastic anaemia type 1. A hereditary form (OMIM:261100) of ...https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/enterocyte+intrinsic+factor+receptor+defect
Arginine metabolism in enterocytes of diabetic rats
In adult mammals, enterocytes are the main source of circulating citrulline, which serves as the precursor for arginine ... Morrow, Natalie Anne (2002). Arginine metabolism in enterocytes of diabetic rats. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. ... One month after the onset of diabetes, jejunal enterocytes were prepared from normal, diabetic, and diabetic plus insulin- ... The results indicated that the enterocytes' capability to metabolize arginine, glutamine, and proline is not compromised in the ...https://oaktrust.library.tamu.edu/handle/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2002-THESIS-M68
Distribution of the long leptin receptor isoform in brush border, basolateral membrane, and cytoplasm of enterocytes | Gut
... and mouse enterocytes. This is the first time that the presence of the leptin receptor protein in mammalian enterocytes has ... Why is the leptin receptor present in the BBPM if leptin must reach the enterocytes from blood? It has been demonstrated that ... Immunolabelling for OB-Rb protein was also found in the brush border of human enterocytes of formol and paraformaldehyde fixed ... Immunoreactivity for the long isoform of the leptin receptor was found in the enterocytes of the three studied species (human, ...http://gut.bmj.com/content/50/6/797
IJMS | Free Full-Text | Oleic Acid Uptake Reveals the Rescued Enterocyte Phenotype of Colon Cancer Caco-2 by HT29-MTX Cells in...
In vitro, enterocyte phenotype was rescued partially by co-culture of cancer cells with goblet cells and completed through ... mucus-producing cells HT29-MTX and enterocyte-like Caco-2 cells, ameliorate differentiation into an in vitro intestinal barrier ... In vitro, enterocyte phenotype was rescued partially by co-culture of cancer cells with goblet cells and completed through ... Oleic Acid Uptake Reveals the Rescued Enterocyte Phenotype of Colon Cancer Caco-2 by HT29-MTX Cells in Co-Culture Mode. ...https://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/18/7/1573/xml
The oxidation of glutamine and glutamate in relation to anion transport in enterocyte mitochondria | Biochemical Journal
The oxidation of glutamine and glutamate in relation to anion transport in enterocyte mitochondria. D F Evered, B Masola ... The swelling of enterocyte mitochondria in potassium glutamate was slow. In glutamine solution, mitochondrial swelling was ... The oxidation of L-glutamate and L-glutamine by enterocyte mitochondria was supported by malate. The stimulation of the rate of ... The oxidation of glutamine and glutamate in relation to anion transport in enterocyte mitochondria ...http://www.biochemj.org/content/218/2/449
Short food deprivation inhibits orexin receptor 1 expression and orexin-A induced intracellular calcium signaling in acutely...
... enterocyte OX1R as well as OX2R mRNA. Induction of intracellular calcium signaling in isolated duodenal enterocytes is thus ... acutely isolated duodenal enterocytes. Freshly isolated clusters of enterocytes, obtained from rat duodenal mucosa or human ... Cryptlike enterocytes were selected (caged), and changes in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+](i)) were evaluated by ... Total RNA was extracted from pellets of enterocytes and reverse transcribed to cDNA, and expression of orexin receptors 1 and 2 ...http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:171899
P041 C-jun n-terminal kinase 2 promotes enterocyte survival and goblet cell differentiation in the inflamed intestine
... ... expression confers protection from DSS-induced intestinal inflammation reducing epithelial barrier dysfunction and enterocyte ...https://insights.ovid.com/jcac/201702001/01337112-201702001-00168
Cell Surface-Associated Lipoteichoic Acid Acts as an Adhesion Factor for Attachment of Lactobacillus johnsoniiLa1 to Human...
1983) Enterocyte-like differentiation and polarization of the human colon carcinoma cell line Caco-2 in culture. Biol. Cell 47: ... 1992) Adherence of Lactobacillus acidophilus onto human enterocyte-like cells Caco-2 and HT-29 in culture. J. Gen. Microbiol. ... La1 adhesion inhibition assays.Pure LTA was tested in adhesion experiments with L. johnsonii La1 and enterocyte-like Caco-2 ... Among the properties exerted by lactobacilli, adhesion to enterocytes is a key feature of probiotic bacteria. In the small ...https://aem.asm.org/content/65/3/1071
Proteins other than the locus of enterocyte effacement-encoded proteins contribute to Escherichia coli O157:H7 adherence to...
Proteins other than the locus of enterocyte effacement-encoded proteins contribute to Escherichia coli O157:H7 adherence to ... Proteins other than the locus of enterocyte effacement-encoded proteins contribute to Escherichia coli O157:H7 adherence to ... Background: In this study, we present evidence that proteins encoded by the Locus of Enterocyte Effacement (LEE), considered ...https://dash.harvard.edu/handle/1/10473939
Enterocytes | In Vitro ADMET Laboratories
Cryopreserved Enterocytes. Enterocytes are responsible for first-pass metabolism and are the key cell type for assessing oral ... Protocol - Suspension Metabolism of Enterocytes. *Protocol - Thawing, Counting, and Re-suspension of Cryopreserved Enterocytes ... Our cryopreserved enterocytes maintain their enzyme activity after thawing and have been shown to produce clinically-observed ... Animal enterocytes can be accompanied by hepatocytes isolated from the same animal, allowing scientists an opportunity to ...https://invitroadmet.com/product/enterocytes/
Duodenal Protection: Influence of Melatonin and other Intestinal Transmitters on Duodenal Bicarbonate Secretion and Enterocyte...
Proximal duodenal enterocyte transport: evidence for Na+-H+ and Cl--HC03 - exchange and NaHCO3 cotransport. Am J Physiol ... Calcium signaling in cultured human and rat duodenal enterocytes. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 275: G296-G304, 1998. ... Effects of melatonin on duodenal enterocyte calcium signaling and bicarbonate secretion (abstr). Gastroenterology 120: A-312, ... Identification of transport abnormalities in duodenal mucosa and duodenal enterocytes from patients with cystic fibrosis. ...https://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4615-0971-4_12
Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα) suppresses postprandial lipidemia through fatty acid...
In Caco-2 enterocytes, bezafibrate, a potent PPARα agonist, increased mRNA expression levels of fatty acid oxidation-related ... In this study, we examined the effects of PPARα activation in enterocytes on lipid secretion and postprandial lipidemia. ... and acid soluble metabolites in enterocytes. Moreover, bezafibrate treatment suppressed postprandial lipidemia after oral ... indicate that PPARα activation suppresses postprandial lipidemia through enhancement of fatty acid oxidation in enterocytes, ...https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Activation-of-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-in-Kimura-Takahashi/f7d24957ce6d7ba084bbc16ddae1547b01e217cd