The Impact of Natural Disaster on Absenteeism, Job Satisfaction, and JobPerformance of Survival Employees: An Empirical Study...
Natural disasters cause serious damage to businesses in the stricken areas and greatly affect survivors psychology and behaviors. Based on data from 206 survival employees in 33 affected firms in Wenchuan Earthquake, this study analyzes the impact of natural disaster on absenteeism, job satisfaction, and job performance of survival employees. Results indicate that after the earthquake, survival employees absenteeism and job satisfaction (including intrinsic, extrinsic, and general job satisfaction) decrease significantly, but their task performance, contextual performance, and overall job performance improve significantly. Employees learning and innovative performance have no significant change in comparison with that before the earthquake. The authors thus suggest that the affected businesses need to communicate with the survival employees actively, focus more on job security, compensation and working conditions, in order to maintain these employees job satisfaction. In ...http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/10.1007/s11782-010-0129-0
Ensuring Accessibility During Natural Disasters | iCons in Medicine
An estimated half a billion people - 10 percent of the world population - experiences some form of impairment or disability. Following recent natural disasters including Hurricane Katrina, studies have found that the regions affected by these disasters are frequently not prepared to evacuate, shelter, transport, or meet the medical needs of individuals with disabilities. In addition, the shelters, transportation services, and emergency communications and information broadcasts available in many regions are often not accessible.. By learning from problems identified following natural disasters, regarding the needs of individuals with disabilities, emergency response initiatives can be modified to ensure that the needs of people with and without disabilities are met. According to experts, all individuals, regardless of their disability status, should prepare for potential disaster situations by having a store of food and water on hand to last ...https://iconsinmedicine.wordpress.com/2011/09/12/ensuring-accessibility-during-natural-disasters/
"Disaster Management and Recovery Planning" Now Available at MarketPublishers...
LONDON - Every year, tornadoes, earthquakes and other natural disasters injure and kill thousands of people and damage billions of dollars worth of property. Often, it is almost impossible to predict or prevent the occurrence of these disasters. However it is possible to reduce their impact by developing a disaster management and recovery planning strategy.. New market research report "Disaster Management and Recovery Planning" worked out by Energy Business Reports is a detailed guide for utilities, power plant operators, pipeline and transmission line operators, businesses, governments, communities and emergency operations teams to develop and maintain a disaster management and recovery plan. The study outlines the four phases of a disaster and provides detailed instructions on developing a mitigation plan prior to a disaster. It examines long and ...https://marketpublishers.com/lists/10169/news.html
Short-term effect of natural disasters on coronary heart disease risk factors. | Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular...
In this analysis of the data from a longitudinal study on coronary heart disease risk factors, it was found that participants screened a few weeks after a major disaster (earthquake) had a higher heart rate, serum cholesterol levels, and serum triglyceride levels than matched participants that were screened shortly before the catastrophic event. The two groups of participants did not differ with regard to their characteristics at the baseline examination carried out 5 years previously. The lack of difference in blood pressure between exposed and nonexposed participants could be explained by the lag-time between the earthquake and the blood pressure measurements. We conclude that the acute stress associated with major disasters can influence risk factors for coronary heart disease. Permanent elevation of these risk factors due to the disruption of the social environment of the individuals affected by major disasters might be responsible for the apparent ...http://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/6/5/491
Banking stability, natural disasters, and political conflicts: time series evidence on causality in developing countries -...
The authors adopt a panel structural VAR modeling approach to model the causal effects of natural disasters and state fragility on aggregate financial system variables such as deposits, non-performing loans, and GDP per capita. They divide the sample by banking sector variable and they develop 8 panels across more than 63 developing countries over a 13 year period (1999-2011) for all countries in the dataset, excluding high-income countries. It is noteworthy that these analyses are the first of their kind to evaluate empirically the link between natural disasters, state fragility and banking variables. The main findings suggest that natural disasters, as measured by a life years lost index, and state fragility are both predictive of higher non-performing loans and higher likelihood of default in developing countries. The results also indicate that natural disasters decrease the banking deposits and financial system deposits while state ...http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2017-52
Fertility After a Large-Scale Disaster
The residents of coastal Sumatra were one of many populations devastated by major disasters in the last decade - in this case the December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Though studies have captured aspects of economic and structural recovery following these events, few have considered their demographic implications. This project aimed to fill this gap using data from a multi-level, longitudinal study fielded in Indonesia before and after the Indian Ocean tsunami. The Survey of Tsunami Aftermath and Recovery collected data from households in over 500 communities spanning a continuum of exposure to the disaster. Using satellite data to identify exposure variation, this project looked for temporal trends in the total fertility rate in heavily damaged communities that differ from the temporal trends in undamaged communities. The project then developed a series of tests to identify whether the observed fertility trends were best interpreted as resulting from tsunami-driven changes ...http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/DSDR/studies/34466?archive=DSDR&classification=DSDR.I.&permit%5B0%5D=AVAILABLE&recency=YEAR&paging.startRow=1
U.S. GAO - Disaster Response: Criteria for Developing and Validating Effective Response Plans
Among the lessons learned from the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina was that effective disaster response requires planning followed by the execution of training and exercises to validate those plans. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is responsible for disaster response planning. This testimony focuses on (1) criteria for effective disaster response planning established in FEMA's National Response Framework, (2) additional guidance for disaster planning, (3) the status of disaster planning efforts, and (4) special circumstances in planning for oil spills. This testimony is based on prior GAO work on emergency planning and response, including GAO's April 2009 report on the FEMA efforts to lead the development of a national preparedness system. GAO reviewed the policies and plans that form the basis ...http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-10-969T
Coping with Cyclone Heta: nurses play a crucial role following natural disasters. Cyclone Heta, which hit the island nation of...
Free Online Library: Coping with Cyclone Heta: nurses play a crucial role following natural disasters. Cyclone Heta, which hit the island nation of Niue in January this year, was hugely challenging for the country's nurses. They coped admirably.(Viewpoint) by 'Kai Tiaki: Nursing New Zealand'; Health care industry Health, general Emergency medical services Evaluation Natural disasters Management Nurses Serviceshttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Coping+with+Cyclone+Heta%3A+nurses+play+a+crucial+role+following+...-a0124077422
Indian Ocean Tsunami 2004-05 : NPR
NPR Coverage of the great Indian Ocean tsunami and its aftermath. Interviews and stories about the plight of refugees and efforts to rebuild.http://www.npr.org/sections/indian-ocean-tsunami-2004-2005/archive?date=9-30-2005
Disaster Relief for Animals | PET BEHAVIOR MEDICINE
As a branch of the American Veterinary Medical Association, the American Veterinary Medical Foundation's (AVMF) Animal Disaster Relief and Reimbursement (ADRR) programs provide financial assistance to veterinarians in the front lines of disaster struck areas. These brave professionals, who are often volunteers, evaluate and treat animal survivors. The AVMF provides assistance to veterinarians giving veterinary care. Some animals may be reunited with their humans, others will be lost to each other forever.. You can make a difference in the lives of both the animals and their owners. Please consider partnering with AVMF for current and future disaster relief for the nonhuman victims of disaster by visiting the link shown above.. Beyond the initial impact of trauma from natural or manmade disasters, nonhuman animals may suffer psychosocial aspects of trauma. Fear aggression, separation anxiety syndrome, phobias, compulsive ...http://petbehavior.org/articles/topics-interest/disaster-relief-animals/
IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Are Women in Turkey Both Risks and Resources in Disaster Management?
From a global perspective, the universality of gender-related societal issues is particularly significant. Although gender inequality is considered a sociological problem, the large number of female victims in disasters warrants an assessment of disaster management sciences. In this article, related concepts are discussed based on their relevance sociologically and in disaster management to develop a common terminology and examine this complex topic, which is rooted in different social profiles and anthropological heterogeneity throughout the world. A brief history is discussed, and significant examples are provided from different disasters in Turkey to illustrate why a woman-oriented approach should be adopted when evaluating concepts of gender inequality. Observations of disasters have shown that it is important to apply international standards (humanitarian charter and minimum disaster response ...http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/12/6/5758
WHO uses SA social network MXit and JamiiX to prepare South East Asian communities for disaster management - Company Press...
More than 500 000 people have died in natural disasters in the area over the last decade.. · MXit an accessible, affordable communications tool with a strong Indonesian following.. · JamiiX allows WHO to manage conversations across multiple social media platforms.. The World Health Organisation's (WHO) South-East Asia Regional Office (SEARO) has teamed up with popular mobile social network MXit and JamiiX to bring emergency preparedness information to chat users in disaster-prone Indonesia.. This new approach is part of WHO's wider effort to strengthen disaster preparedness in the region and build public awareness of the urgent need for safe hospitals in disaster zones.. Indonesians using MXit chat will be able to access personal preparedness information, including what to do in the case of natural disasters like floods, tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and cyclones; how to prepare an emergency kit and how to plan ...https://companies.mybroadband.co.za/blog/2011/01/26/who-uses-sa-social-network-mxit-and-jamiix-to-prepare-south-east-asian-communities-for-disaster-management/
Health Problems Common to All Natural Disasters (Structural Damage They Cause, Earthquakes, Hurricanes, Floods, and Other...
To prevent disaster-related diseases, you need to have your home cleaned and restored to safety as quickly and efficiently as possible. This is a job better left to the professionals - the experienced disaster restoration specialists and water damage restoration experts will have the specialized equipment and professional know-how required to ensure the safe living conditions in your property. What's more, they will restore your home to its former excellent condition and will help you return to your normal life as soon as possible after the disaster.. Disaster preparation has received a lot of attention in the recent past. In fact, people who live in every corner of the world prepare for various disasters such as famine and war. Some of them even prepare for zombies. It is always better to prepare to face disasters as they can hit us at unexpected times. However, it should be done according to a plan. That's ...http://beforeitsnews.com/survival/2017/11/health-problems-common-to-all-natural-disasters-structural-damage-they-cause-earthquakes-hurricanes-floods-and-other-natural-calamities-2683244.html
Disaster Communications Plan
Public child welfare agencies need to be prepared for unexpected events including disasters such as a flood, earthquake,. epidemic, prolonged power failure, or fire that either affects the agency itself, service provider or providers in its network, or the community itself. An agency may even be called upon to assist agencies in contiguous communities with their disaster responses. Agencies should prepare and keep current a flexible Disaster Communication Plan. This plan parallels the overarching Agency Disaster Plan. The communications plan should consider: how the agency will keep lines of communication open with families, staff, providers, media, emergency management personnel and other important stakeholders; staff/volunteer coordination; and communications support for preservation of information systems and service delivery continuity. Disaster drills should be planned as part of the overarching agency ...http://www.aphsa.org/content/APHSA/en/pathways/Positioning-Public-Child-Welfare-Guidance-PPCWG/Communications/Strategy/Disaster-Communications-Plan.html
CONTRARY BRIN: How best to rebuild after a long-awaited disaster... part I
We are getting very close to applying "Effective Microorganisms" (EM) to the disaster site in New Orleans. Jon Mackey, founder of Whole Foods, is willing to purchase all of the stocks of EM from the production plant in Tucson, about 25 tons, and ship it to the New Orleans Disaster Relief. Once there, each gallon of EM can be activated 2000 times from its original quantity, which would total 50,000 tons. The final hurdle is in getting the authorization to begin applying it. EM was used extensively throughout the Tsunami Wave Disaster. The World Health Organization had originally warned that more deaths would occur from the spread of pathogen diseases than occurred from the Tsunami Waves, which was over 150,000 deaths. The deaths from the pathogen diseases never happened. The death rate was actually lower after the disaster than before. EM saved tens of thousands of lives. EM was also used by the German government after the flood ...http://davidbrin.blogspot.com/2005/09/how-best-to-rebuild-after-long-awaited.html
Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance Program
DONORS. Donors support the Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance (DRFI) program in its work to help vulnerable countries improve financial resilience against climate and disaster risk. DRFI is grateful to the following donors and partners who make its work possible:. Government of Switzerland - Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs. The Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs SECO is a major supporter of DRFI. The Sovereign Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance Program for Middle-Income Countries is a partnership between the World Bank and SECO that aims to reduce the financial vulnerability of these states to natural disasters. This program helps middle-income country governments improve their financial response capacity in the aftermath of a natural disaster while protecting their long-term fiscal balances.. Government of Japan. The Government of Japan is an active supporter of DRFI. The Pacific ...http://www.worldbank.org/en/programs/disaster-risk-financing-and-insurance-program
A/50/526: SG report on early-warning on natural disasters (9 Oct)
Fiftieth session Agenda item 96 (f) ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: INTERNATIONAL DECADE FOR NATURAL DISASTER REDUCTION Early-warning capacities of the United Nations system with regard to natural disasters Report of the Secretary-General SUMMARY The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 49/22 B of 20 December 1994 and contains information about the early-warning capacities within the United Nations system with regard to natural and similar disasters which have an adverse impact on the environment. The use of telecommunications in support of early warning is described in accordance with Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/47 A of 27 July 1990. The report reviews the current early-warning activities of organizations in the United Nations system and proposes improvements and ways in which they may be coordinated more effectively. Consideration is given to the roles of technology and telecommunications in the ...http://www.un.org/documents/ga/docs/50/plenary/a50-526.htm
Socio-Economic Aspects of Disaster's Impact: An Assessment of Databases and Methodologies
Downloadable! Economists and social scientists have for the most part not considered disaster issues as a priority. This has changed in recent years as researchers have been analyzing disasters quantitatively in an effort to understand their social, economic and political dimensions. Consequently, there seems to be an ever growing demand for data and information as well as a sound set of methodologies so as to facilitate a thorough investigation of disasters' impact on national development. The present study provides an assessment of existing methodologies of estimating socioeconomic aspects of disaster impacts and the availability and adequacy of existing data on disaster events. The study methodology involves three major activities, review of literature, assessment of existing databases and methodologies, and examination of case studies of recent disasters in Southeast Asia. As reviewed in the paper, major ...https://ideas.repec.org/p/nan/wpaper/1001.html
International workshop on disaster management and risk reduction - UNISDR
Introduction. Disaster is serious disruption of functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society, to cope using its own resources. Disaster risk is the potential loss in lives, health status, livelihood, assets and services, which could occur to a particular community or a society over some specified future time.. Disaster Risk Reduction is the concept of reducing disaster risk through systematic analysis and management of the causal factors of disaster. This can be achieved through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events. Climate change, urbanization and industrialization have resulted in tremendous increase in the disasters all over the world. OIC ...https://www.unisdr.org/we/inform/events/29619
Coastal Disaster Recovery, Inc. Prepares for Hurricane Season with Residential and Commercial Customers at MOSI's Hurricane...
Health,Tampa Florida (PRWEB) June 05 2013 Coastal Disaster Recovery and their Priority Service Customers started the rainy season off right by attending the a href http://www.mosi.org/education.aspx title MOSI Tampa Education Hurricane onclick linkClick(t,Coastal,Disaster,Recovery,,Inc.,Prepares,for,Hurricane,Season,with,Residential,and,Commercial,Customers,at,MOSI's,Hurricane,Expo,in,Tampa.,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine newshttp://www.bio-medicine.org/medicine-news-1/Coastal-Disaster-Recovery--Inc--Prepares-for-Hurricane-Season-with-Residential-and-Commercial-Customers-at-MOSI-26-2339-3Bs-Hurricane-Expo-in-Tampa--108795-1/
Disaster-Related Physical and Mental Health: A Role for the Family Physician - American Family Physician
Natural disasters, technologic disasters, and mass violence impact millions of persons each year. The use of primary health care services typically increases for 12 or more months following major disasters. A conceptual framework for assisting disaster victims involves understanding the individual and environmental risk factors that influence post-disaster physical and mental health. Victims of disaster will typically present to family physicians with acute physical health problems such as gastroenteritis or viral syndromes. Chronic problems often require medications and ongoing primary care. Some victims may be at risk of acute or chronic mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, or alcohol abuse. Risk factors for post-disaster mental health problems include previous mental health problems and high levels of exposure to disaster-related ...https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0315/p841.html
Coping with natural disasters: the role of local health personnel and the community - کتابخانه دیجیتال دانشگاه علوم پزشکی...
Coping with natural disasters: the role of local health personnel and the community , Coping with natural disasters: the role of local health personnel and the community , کتابخانه دیجیتال دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهانhttp://elib.mui.ac.ir/site/catalogue/51758
Disaster Risk Reduction
Commitment to address the world's increasing vulnerability and exposure to disaster risk arises from a clear acknowledgment that the impact of climate change is resulting in more frequent, intense and geographically distributed hazards and that the world's increasing urbanization is concentrating economic and physical risk in densely populated cities. This in turn can have a devastating sequential and collateral impact with far reaching environmental, economic and social consequences, as seen in Japan following the Great Eastern Japan earthquake and tsunami, in Haiti following the devastating earthquake, and in Bangkok following the mega floods.. Disaster risk is increasing globally. Over the past decade, water and weather-related disasters, such as floods and storms affected most people, caused the greatest economic losses and represented more than 80 per cent of all disaster events. However, earthquakes are the deadliest ...http://www.un.org/en/ga/president/66/Issues/drr/disasterrisk.shtml
Indian Ocean Tsunami Disaster in Asia, 2004
The satellite images of the Tsunami affected areas in this web page were acquired by the Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing at the National University of Singapore. They show the ...http://nagt.org/resources/39414.html
Training for Disaster Response Personnel: The Development of Proposed Core Competencies in Disaster Mental Health | START.umd...
In 2000, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH) established the Centers for Public Health Preparedness (CPHP) to educate and train the public health workforce to prepare and respond to acts of domestic terrorism, as well as other disasters that might threaten the public health and welfare of the United States.http://start.umd.edu/publication/training-disaster-response-personnel-development-proposed-core-competencies-disaster