###### Rayleigh distribution - Wikipedia

**Confidence**

**intervals**[edit]. A (1 − α)

**confidence**

**interval**is given by N. x. 2. ¯. χ. α. /. 2. 2. ≤. σ. ^. 2. ≤. N. x. 2. ¯. χ. ... Given a random variate U drawn from the uniform distribution in the

**interval**(0, 1), then the variate ...

###### Stochastic programming - Wikipedia

**confidence**

**interval**for f. (. x. ). {\displaystyle f(x)}. : [. g. ^. N. (. x. ). −. z. α. /. 2. σ. ^. (. x. ). N. ,. g. ^. N. ( ...

###### Generalized additive model - Wikipedia

which can be used to produce

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Generalized_additive_model**confidence**/credible**intervals**for the smooth components, f. j. {\displaystyle f_{j}}. . The ... Nychka, D. (1988). "Bayesian**confidence****intervals**for smoothing splines". Journal of the American Statistical Association. 83. ... Wahba, G. (1983). "Bayesian**Confidence****Intervals**for the Cross Validated Smoothing Spline". Journal of the Royal Statistical ... Marra, G.; Wood, S.N. (2012). "Coverage properties of**confidence****intervals**for generalized additive model components". ...###### Evofosfamide - Wikipedia

...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evofosfamide**confidence****interval**[CI]: 0.71 - 1.01; p=0.0589).[citation needed] Risks published in the quarterly/annual reports of Threshold ...###### Permian-Triassic extinction event - Wikipedia

Wang, S.C.; Everson, P.J. (2007). "

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permian-triassic_extinction**Confidence****intervals**for pulsed mass extinction events". Paleobiology. 33 (2): 324-336. doi: ... percentage of marine genera that are present in each**interval**of time but do not exist in the following**interval**) vs time in ... Leighton, L.R.; Schneider, C.L. (2008). "Taxon characteristics that promote survivorship through the Permian-Triassic**interval**... "Massive release of hydrogen sulfide to the surface ocean and atmosphere during**intervals**of oceanic anoxia". Geology. 33 (5): ...###### Glycated hemoglobin - Wikipedia

Data in parentheses are 95%

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemoglobin_A1C**confidence****intervals**. HbA1c. eAG %. mmol/mol[35]. mmol/L. mg/dL ...###### Sorafenib - Wikipedia

...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sorafenib**confidence****interval**[CI], 0.35 to 0.55; P,0.01).[11] In Australia this is one of two TGA-labelled indications for sorafenib, ...###### Muscle atrophy - Wikipedia

...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muscle_atrophy**confidence****interval**of 0.11-0.594 kilograms (0.24-1.31 lb). The studies included in the meta-analysis had durations of 2-12 ...**confidence****interval**: 0.11, 0.594; Z value=2.85; P=0.004). There were no significant fat mass changes between intervention and ...**confidence****interval**: -0.32, 0.159; Z value=0.66; P=0.511). CONCLUSION: Beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate supplementation ...###### Group size measures - Wikipedia

**Confidence**

**interval**for median group size.. Insiders' view of group size[edit]. As Jarman (1974) pointed out, average ...

**Confidence**

**interval**for mean crowding.. Example[edit]. Imagine a sample with 3 groups, where group sizes are 1, 2, and 6 ... 2008) discuss the statistical problems associated with group size measures (calculating

**confidence**

**intervals**, 2-sample tests, ...

###### Australians - Wikipedia

See the source for 95 per cent

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian**confidence****intervals**. *^ "Australia's Rudd Dials Hong Kong Expats". The Wall Street Journal. 29 ...###### Vietnamese people - Wikipedia

See the source for 95 per cent

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnamese_people**confidence****intervals**. *^ "Vietnamese Community in Great Britain". Runnymede Trust. Retrieved ...###### Hormone replacement therapy - Wikipedia

Nominal

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hormone_replacement_therapy**confidence****intervals**unadjusted for multiple looks and multiple comparisons. References[edit]. *^ a b c d e f g h i ... The relative risk of breast cancer also varies depending on the**interval**between menopause and HRT and route of administration. ...###### Frequentist probability - Wikipedia

Neyman's derivation of

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frequency_probability**confidence****intervals**embraced the measure theoretic axioms of probability published by Kolmogorov a few ... Neyman formulated**confidence****intervals**and contributed heavily to sampling theory; Neyman and Pearson paired in the creation of ... hypothesis testing and**confidence****intervals**) all based on frequentist probability.. Alternatively,[11] Jacob Bernoulli (AKA ...###### Body armor - Wikipedia

This procedure defines a

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_armor**confidence****interval**of an estimate of V0. (See "NIJ and HOSDB test methods".) ... one can rigorously set the V0 at a**confidence****interval**. Test Standards now define how many shots must be used to estimate a V0 ...###### Mann-Whitney U test - Wikipedia

Nakagawa, Shinichi; Cuthill, Innes C (2007). "Effect size,

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mann-Whitney_U_test**confidence****interval**and statistical significance: a practical guide ... A non-parametric 0.95**confidence****interval**for HLΔ accompanies these estimates as does ρ, an estimate of the probability that a ... The Mann-Whitney U test is preferable to the t-test when the data are ordinal but not**interval**scaled, in which case the ... so one can recommend the Mann-Whitney U test as the default test for comparing**interval**or ordinal measurements with similar ...###### Hazard ratio - Wikipedia

7][8][page needed] Statistically significant hazard ratios cannot include unity (one) in their

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hazard_ratio**confidence****intervals**.[5][page ... Regression models are used to obtain hazard ratios and their**confidence****intervals**.[1] ... Conventionally, probabilities lower than 0.05 are considered significant and researchers provide a 95%**confidence****interval**for ... where N(t) is the number at risk at the beginning of an**interval**. A hazard is the probability that a patient fails between t. ...###### Errors and residuals - Wikipedia

We can therefore use this quotient to find a

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Errors_and_residuals_in_statistics**confidence****interval**for μ. ...###### Probability distribution fitting - Wikipedia

With the binomial distribution one can obtain a

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distribution_fitting**confidence****interval**of the prediction. Such an**interval**also estimates the risk ... the chance that the predicted event still remains outside the**confidence****interval**. The**confidence**or risk analysis may include ... Frequency predictions and their binomial**confidence**limits. In: International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, Special ... to predict the probability or to forecast the frequency of occurrence of the magnitude of the phenomenon in a certain**interval**...###### Sam Weerahandi - Wikipedia

Lee, J. C., and Lin, S. H. (2004). Generalized

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam_Weerahandi**confidence****intervals**for the ratio of means of two normal populations. Journal ... Mathew, T. and Webb, D. W. (2005). Generalized p-values and**confidence****intervals**for variance components: Applications to Army ... Bebu, I., and Mathew, T. (2009).**Confidence****intervals**for limited moments and truncated moments in normal and lognormal models ... Weerahandi, S. (1993). Generalized**Confidence****Intervals**. JASA, 88, 899-905. Wu, J.F., and Hamada, M.S. (2009). Experiments: ...###### Survey data collection - Wikipedia

The standard statistical inference procedures (e.g.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Online_survey**confidence****interval**calculations and hypothesis testing) still require a ...###### Saturated fat and cardiovascular disease - Wikipedia

...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saturated_fat_and_cardiovascular_disease_controversy**confidence****interval**[CI], 0.21-0.71) (the origin of the number used in the meta-analysis is unclear). Also, relevant data from ...###### Bootstrapping (statistics) - Wikipedia

... then percentile

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bootstrapping_(statistics)**confidence**-**intervals**are often inappropriate. There are several methods for constructing**confidence****intervals**... If the bootstrap distribution of an estimator is symmetric, then percentile**confidence**-**interval**are often used; such**intervals**...**confidence**-**interval**for the population median is (26, 28.5), which is close to the**interval**for (25.98, 28.46) for the smoothed ... As a result,**confidence****intervals**on the basis of a Monte Carlo simulation of the bootstrap could be misleading. Athreya states ...###### Bradley Efron - Wikipedia

"Bootstrap

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bradley_Efron**confidence****intervals**for a class of parametric problems." Biometrika. Efron, B. (1987). "Better bootstrap**confidence**...**intervals**". Journal of the American Statistical Association Efron, B. (1990). "More efficient bootstrap computations". Journal ...###### OpenMx - Wikipedia

**Confidence**

**intervals**are estimated robustly. The program has parallel processing built-in via links to parallel environments in ...

###### Charles R. Marshall - Wikipedia

**Confidence**

**intervals**on stratigraphic ranges. Paleobiology 16:1-10. Presentation of the Charles Schuchert Award of the ... Marshall's first prominent work was on using

**confidence**

**intervals**to better estimate the full stratigraphic range of a lineage ...