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*  Codon usage bias - Wikipedia
... codon pair bias, a codon ramp or codon correlations. Specialized codon bias is further seen in some endogenous genes such as ... stop codons). There are 64 different codons (61 codons encoding for amino acids plus 3 stop codons) but only 20 different ... General Codon Usage Analysis Graphical Codon Usage Analyser JCat - Java Codon Usage Adaptation Tool INCA - Interactive Codon ... Codon usage bias refers to differences in the frequency of occurrence of synonymous codons in coding DNA. A codon is a series ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Codon_usage_bias
*  A murine Zic3 transcript with a premature termination codon evades nonsense-mediated decay during axis formation | Disease...
The mechanism by which a normal stop codon is distinguished from a premature one appears dependent upon the position of the PTC ... The katun mutation introduces a nonsense codon into the Zic3 transcript that conforms to the rule for PTC recognition in ... Half of patient ZIC3 mutations introduce a premature termination codon (PTC). In vivo, PTC-containing transcripts might be ... Half of the heterotaxy-associated ZIC3 mutations identified to date introduce a premature termination codon (PTC) and the ...
http://dmm.biologists.org/content/6/3/755
*  A codon window in mRNA downstream of the initiation codon where NGG codons give strongly reduced gene expression in Escherichia...
A codon window in mRNA downstream of the initiation codon where NGG codons give strongly reduced gene expression in Escherichia ... with the exception of the NGG codons. The NGG codons abort the translation process if located within the first five codons of ... The downstream region (DR) after the initiation codon (around five to seven codons), has an important role in the initiation of ... We find that most of the codons which give very low gene expression at +2 (considering AUG as +1), reach 5 to 10 fold higher ...
http://su.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:200781
*  Codon usage pattern and relative synonymous codon usage | Open-i
... of mtDNA of Meloidogyne graminicola.Numbers on the Y-axis refer to the total number of codons (A) ... Codon usage pattern and relative synonymous codon usage (RSCU) ... Codon families are provided on the X-axis. Codons that are not ... Three codons (GCC, GAC and CTG) were not observed in the PCGs. The absence of some codons was also reported for other PPNs [17 ... Three codons (GCC, GAC and CTG) were not observed in the PCGs. The absence of some codons was also reported for other PPNs [17 ...
https://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC4043755_pone.0098558.g003&req=4
*  Mutation at Tyrosine in AMLRY (GILRY Like) Motif of Yeast eRF1 on Nonsense Codons Suppression and Binding Affinity to eRF3 ...
The stop codons suppression of the mutant was analyzed in vivo using PGK-stop codon-LACZ gene fusion and showed that the ... The suppression on UAG codon was the highest increased among the stop codons by comparing the suppression of the wild type ... Mutation at Tyrosine in AMLRY (GILRY Like) Motif of Yeast eRF1 on Nonsense Codons Suppression and Binding Affinity to eRF3 ... The data suggested that increasing stop codon suppression and decreasing of the binding affinity of eRF1(Y410S) were probably ...
http://www.ijbs.com/v04p0087
*  Bioinformatics Comparison of Codon Usage of Genes Encoding Phosphate Transporter in Terms of Salt Tolerance, Day Length,...
The result for poaceae family shows that the highest mean abundance was for codons that have U or G at the end. In this study ... So the results show that the families that have lowest distance have the highest codon usage similarity in terms of salt ... The result shows that the highest codon usage similarity (81.95%) was for wheat and oryza (annual, self-polinated and ... It is conceivable that a direct relationship would exist between preferred codons and division of plant families. ...
http://www.ijabbr.com/article_7110.html
*  UPF1 involvement in nuclear functions | Biochemical Society Transactions
... premature translation termination codon). However, some studies have indicated that in human cells UPF1 has additional roles, ... premature translation termination codon; RAI1, Rat1-interacting protein 1; SMG, suppressor with morphogenetic effect on ...
http://www.biochemsoctrans.org/content/40/4/778
*  Nonsense Mutations in hERG Cause a Decrease in Mutant mRNA Transcripts by Nonsense-Mediated mRNA Decay in Human Long-QT...
... of the LQT2 mutations result in premature termination codons. Degradation of premature termination codon-containing mRNA ... Human Upf proteins target an mRNA for nonsense-mediated decay when bound downstream of a termination codon. Cell. 2000; 103: ... More than 30% of LQT2 mutations are nonsense or frameshift mutations that introduce premature termination codons (PTCs).4-7 ... The positions of WT termination codon (TER) and mutation-induced PTCs are indicated. B, C, Analysis of mRNA by RPA. HEK293 ...
http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/116/1/17
*  British Library EThOS: Post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression by the (PSI) prion of Saccharomyces cerevisiae
The efficiency of stop codon recognition by eRF1 is influenced by the surrounding nucleotide context of the stop codon, and in ... Consistent with this hypothesis, the [PSI+] state was found to enhance suppression of all stop codons, with those in weak ... PSI] is thus a context sensitive suppressor of all three stop codons. Using computer screening, yeast genes whose open reading ... state may direct suppression of stop codons, particularly those in weak contexts. This may confer unique phenotypes upon yeast ...
http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.395144
*  Codon degeneracy - Wikipedia
Degeneracy of codons is the redundancy of the genetic code, exhibited as the multiplicity of three-base pair codon combinations ... Only two amino acids are specified by a single codon each. One of these is the amino-acid methionine, specified by the codon ... Degeneracy results because there are more codons than encodable amino acids. For example, if there were two bases per codon, ... For example, in theory, fourfold degenerate codons can tolerate any point mutation at the third position, although codon usage ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Codon_degeneracy
*  codon - Everything2.com
Each codon is translated into a specific amino acid, although due to the re... ... There are 64 possible codons (4*4*4). Three of those codons are called "stop codons" because they indicate, in most organisms, ... A codon is a sequence of three bases in DNA or RNA. A codon will code for one of the 20 commonally occuring amino acids, or for ... Each codon is translated into a specific amino acid, although due to the redundancy of the genetic code more than one codon can ...
https://everything2.com/title/codon
*  termination codon - Everything2.com
... stop codon The codons UAA, UAG and UGA, which signal the end of a polypeptide chain. From the BioTech Dictionary at http:// ... The codons UAA, UAG and UGA, which signal the end of a polypeptide chain. ...
https://everything2.com/title/termination+codon
*  Rare Codon E.coli Hosts
... PA Curmi curmi at ifm.inserm.fr Tue Jun 16 02:50:59 EST 1998 *Previous message: DNA extraction from ... Hi everybody, I am looking for E.coli hosts to express protein which contains a lot of rare codon? Does someone know if ...
http://www.bio.net/bionet/mm/methods/1998-June/067826.html
*  Codon usage table
... with Amino Acids A style like CodonFrequency output in GCG Wisconsin PackageTM CDS Search:. Keyword example: ... Human papillomavirus type 67 [gbvrl]: 8 CDS's (2424 codons) fields: [triplet] [frequency: per thousand] ([number]) UUU 40.8( 99 ... List of codon usage for each CDS (format) Homepage ...
http://www.kazusa.or.jp/codon/cgi-bin/showcodon.cgi?species=37120
*  Codon usage table
... with Amino Acids A style like CodonFrequency output in GCG Wisconsin PackageTM CDS Search:. Keyword example: ... List of codon usage for each CDS (format) Homepage ...
http://www.kazusa.or.jp/codon/cgi-bin/showcodon.cgi?species=75988
*  Codon usage influences fitness through RNA toxicity | PNAS
Asterisk-marked codons represent the original codon in GFP_170. (C) Growth estimate (OD) of BL21 cells expressing GFP variants ... Many organisms are subject to selective pressure that gives rise to unequal usage of synonymous codons, known as codon bias. To ... As expected, internal stop codons abrogated GFP protein production (Fig. 2C), but despite the presence of premature stop codons ... Codon usage influences fitness through RNA toxicity. Pragya Mittal, James Brindle, Julie Stephen, Joshua B. Plotkin, Grzegorz ...
https://www.pnas.org/content/115/34/8639
*  Codon Optimization
Our proprietary FREE OptimumGene codon optimization tools can optimize Any difficult gene to deliver the HIGHEST expression ... OptimumGene™ History of Successful Codon Optimization. GenScript has accumulated years of experience in codon optimization and ... I have primarily used genscript to order codon optimized artificial genes. Ordering artificial genes on their website or via ... OptimumGene™ - Codon Optimization. As one of the world's leading suppliers of gene synthesis services, GenScript has a proven ...
https://www.genscript.com/codon_opt_pr.html
*  What are some characteristics of Codon? | Reference.com
A codon is a series of three nucleotides used to specify a specific an amino acid. These nucleotides are labeled with G, C, and ... The nucleotides found in codons determine what purpose that codon has in the DNA or RNA sequence. Each codon indicates which ... What is a codon and what does it represent?. A: A codon is a set of three nucleotides that code for an amino acid or act as a ... In messenger RNA, what does each codon specify?. A: In messenger RNA, each codon specifies for an amino acid. Amino acids are ...
https://www.reference.com/science/characteristics-codon-872169ece61a7826
*  What are codons? | Reference.com
Both RNA and DNA have triplets known as codons. Each codon codes one of 20 amino acids that the body uses to synthesize amino ... Codons are three-letter codes that make up the genetic code. ... Does a codon consist of four nucleotides?. A: Codons are ... The RNA codons utilize uracil instead of thymine. DNA codons are read in the 5' to 3' direction, and RNA codons are read in the ... Codons are three-letter codes that make up the genetic code. Both RNA and DNA have triplets known as codons. Each codon codes ...
https://www.reference.com/science/codons-9eafbcae5dbd3cec
*  NuGet Gallery | Codon.UndoModel 2.0.8
Codon is a zero-dependency cross-platform MVVM framework for creating UWP, WPF, and Xamarin applications. It provides much of ...
https://www.nuget.org/packages/Codon.UndoModel/
*  The First Codon and Its Descendants | Science
... or codons--the triplets of bases that code for amino acids--came first. He concludes that the first word was GCU (guanine, ... cytosine, and uracil) and calculates how GCU might have evolved into the current set of 61 codons that specify the 20 amino ...
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/281/5375/330
*  corelation between codon and protein secondary structures
Previous message: corelation between codon and protein secondary structures *Next message: correlation between codon and ... Previous message: corelation between codon and protein secondary structures *Next message: correlation between codon and ... corelation between codon and protein secondary structures. CCoburn CCoburn at pofvax.pnb.sunysb.edu Wed Jan 7 18:58:10 EST 1998 ... The tricodons were classified by the sum of the frequency values of the constituent codons. Examination of the conformation of ...
http://www.bio.net/bionet/mm/proteins/1998-January/006086.html
*  Xconomy: Codon Signs Partnership to Develop Biofuels From Algae
Codon Devices, the Cambridge, MA-based company working on commercial uses of synthetic biology, said today it has formed a ... Codon Devices, the Cambridge, MA-based company working on commercial uses of synthetic biology, said today it has formed a ... Codon will offer its BioLogic protein engineering techniques to the collaboration, which it has begun emphasizing as part of a ...
https://www.xconomy.com/boston/2008/07/08/codon-signs-partnership-to-develop-biofuels-from-algae/
*  Benefits of codon optimization
How the Codon Optimization Tool works. The Codon Optimization Tool was written using a codon sampling strategy [2] in which the ... By rebalancing codon usage within a reading frame, preferred leucine codons are selected over rarely used codons. This is ... codons with ,10% frequency are eliminated, with remaining codons renormalized to 100%. For example, codons CUA and UUA ... Why rebalance codon usage?. The genetic code is composed of 64 codons with only 21 amino acid and "stop" assignments. Therefore ...
https://www.idtdna.com/pages/education/decoded/article/benefits-of-codon-optimization
*  Codon Degeneracy Discredited Again | The Institute for Creation Research
Codons were initially thought to possess redundancy. The first two bases in the codon sequence are the same, but the third base ... Codon Degeneracy Discredited Again by Jeffrey P. Tomkins, Ph.D. * Evidence for Creation › Evidence from Science › Evidence from ... For example, the codons GGU, GGC, GGA, and GGG all encode the same amino acid called glycine, but the third base is different. ... If the third base of a codon could be neutral to the final outcome-i.e., the third base was somewhat non-functional-perhaps it ...
http://www.icr.org/article/9634/282/