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*  Eggplant - Wikipedia
In tropical and subtropical climates, eggplant can be sown directly into the garden. Eggplant grown in temperate climates fares better when transplanted into the garden after all danger of frost has passed. Eggplant prefers hot weather, and when grown in cold climates or in areas with low humidity, the plants languish or fail to set and produce mature fruit.[30][31] Seeds are typically started eight to 10 weeks prior to the anticipated frost-free date. S. melongena is included on a list of low flammability plants, indicating that it is suitable for growing within a building protection zone.[32]. Spacing should be 45 to 60 cm (18 to 24 in) between plants, depending on cultivar, and 60 to 90 cm (24 to 35 in) between rows, depending on the type of cultivation equipment being used. Mulching helps conserve moisture and prevent weeds and fungal diseases and the plants benefit from some shade during the hottest part of the day. Hand pollination by shaking the flowers improves the set of the first ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aubergine
*  Pear - Wikipedia
Pear cultivation in cool temperate climates extends to the remotest antiquity, and there is evidence of its use as a food since prehistoric times. Many traces of it have been found in prehistoric pile dwellings around Lake Zurich. The word "pear", or its equivalent, occurs in all the Celtic languages, while in Slavic and other dialects, differing appellations, still referring to the same thing, are found-a diversity and multiplicity of nomenclature which led Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle to infer a very ancient cultivation of the tree from the shores of the Caspian to those of the Atlantic. The pear was also cultivated by the Romans, who ate the fruits raw or cooked, just like apples.[4] Pliny's Natural History recommended stewing them with honey and noted three dozen varieties. The Roman cookbook De re coquinaria has a recipe for a spiced, stewed-pear patina, or soufflé.[5] A certain race of pears, with white down on the undersurface of their leaves, is supposed to have originated from P. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pear
*  Radicchio - Wikipedia
Radicchio' is easy to grow but performs best in spring (USDA Zone 8 and above) and fall (everywhere) gardens. It prefers more frequent but not deep watering, the amount of water varying based on soil type. Infrequent watering will lead to a more bitter tasting leaf. However, for fall crops the flavor is changed predominantly by the onset of cold weather (the colder, the mellower), which also initiates the heading and reddening process in traditional varieties. There are newer, self-heading varieties whose taste is not yet as good as a traditional variety which has matured through several frosts or freezes (e.g., Alouette). 'Radicchio' matures in approximately three months. However, it can be made to stand through a UK or West European winter, and the head will regenerate if cut off carefully above ground level, so long as the plant is protected against severe frost. A light-excluding cover, e.g. an inverted pot, may be used during the latter phases of growth to produce leaves with a more ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radicchio
*  Lupin bean - Wikipedia
Australian sweet lupin features a higher calcium and phosphate content than cereals, with trace element content varying in line ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lupin_bean
*  Papaya - Wikipedia
The papaya fruit fly lays its eggs inside of the fruit, possibly up to 100 or more eggs.[5] The eggs usually hatch within 12 days when they begin to feed on seeds and interior parts of the fruit. When the larvae mature usually 16 days after being hatched, they eat their way out of the fruit, drop to the ground, and pupate in the soil to emerge within one to two weeks later as mature flies. The infected papaya will turn yellow and drop to the ground after infestation by the papaya fruit fly.[21] The two-spotted spider mite is a 0.5-mm-long brown or orange-red or a green, greenish yellow translucent oval pest. They all have needle-like piercing-sucking mouthparts and feed by piercing the plant tissue with their mouthparts, usually on the underside of the plant. The spider mites spin fine threads of webbing on the host plant, and when they remove the sap, the mesophyll tissue collapses and a small chlorotic spot forms at the feeding sites. The leaves of the papaya fruit turn yellow, gray, or ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papaya
*  Pea - Wikipedia
Fresh peas are often eaten boiled and flavored with butter and/or spearmint as a side dish vegetable. Salt and pepper are also commonly added to peas when served. Fresh peas are also used in pot pies, salads and casseroles. Pod peas (particularly sweet cultivars called mange tout and "sugar peas", or the flatter "snow peas," called hé lán dòu, 荷 兰 豆 in Chinese) are used in stir-fried dishes, particularly those in American Chinese cuisine.[18] Pea pods do not keep well once picked, and if not used quickly, are best preserved by drying, canning or freezing within a few hours of harvest.[citation needed] In India, fresh peas are used in various dishes such as aloo matar (curried potatoes with peas) or matar paneer (paneer cheese with peas), though they can be substituted with frozen peas as well. Peas are also eaten raw, as they are sweet when fresh off the bush. Split peas are also used to make dal, particularly in Guyana, and Trinidad, where there is a significant population of ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pea
*  Pomegranate - Wikipedia
After the pomegranate is opened by scoring it with a knife and breaking it open, the seeds are separated from the peel and internal white pulp membranes. Separating the seeds is easier in a bowl of water because the seeds sink and the inedible pulp floats. Freezing the entire fruit also makes it easier to separate. Another effective way of quickly harvesting the seeds is to cut the pomegranate in half, score each half of the exterior rind four to six times, hold the pomegranate half over a bowl, and smack the rind with a large spoon. The seeds should eject from the pomegranate directly into the bowl, leaving only a dozen or more deeply embedded seeds to remove.[33] Pomegranate juice can be sweet or sour, but most fruits are moderate in taste, with sour notes from the acidic ellagitannins contained in the juice.[15] Pomegranate juice has long been a popular drink in Europe and the Middle East, and is now widely distributed in the United States and Canada.[34] Grenadine syrup long ago consisted of ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punica_granatum
*  Chard - Wikipedia
Chard was first described in 1753 by Carl von Linné as Beta vulgaris var. cicla.[5] Its taxonomic rank has changed many times, so it was treated as a subspecies, convariety or variety of Beta vulgaris. (Some of the numerous synonyms are Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla (L.) W.D.J. Koch (Cicla Group), B. vulgaris subsp. cicla (L.) W.D.J. Koch var. cicla L., B. vulgaris var. cycla (L.) Ulrich, B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris (Leaf Beet Group), B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris (Spinach Beet Group), B. vulgaris subsp. cicla (L.) W.D.J. Koch (Flavescens Group), B. vulgaris subsp. cicla (L.) W.D.J. Koch var. flavescens (Lam.) DC., B. vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris (Leaf Beet Group), B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris (Swiss Chard Group)).[6] The accepted name for all beet cultivars, like chard, sugar beet and beetroot, is Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris.[7][8] They are cultivated descendants of the sea beet, Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima. Chard belongs to the chenopods, which are now mostly included in the family Amaranthaceae ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swiss_chard
*  Nefopam - Wikipedia
Secondly, it modulates sodium and calcium channels, thereby inhibiting the release of glutamate, a key neurotransmitter ... It also reduces glutamate signaling via modulating sodium and calcium channels.[25][4] ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nefopam
*  Quinoa - Wikipedia
Rising quinoa prices over the period 2006 to 2017 may have reduced affordability of traditional consumers to consume quinoa.[38][42][43] However, a 2016 study using Peru's Encuesta Nacional de Hogares found that during 2004-2013 rising quinoa prices led to net economic benefits for producers,[44] and other commentary has suggested similar conclusions,[45][46] including for women specifically.[47] It has also been suggested that as quinoa producers rise above subsistence-level income, they switch their own consumption to Western processed foods which are often less healthy than a traditional, quinoa-based diet, whether because quinoa is held to be worth too much to keep for oneself and one's family, or because processed foods have higher status despite their poorer nutritional value.[38][42][43] Efforts are being made in some areas to distribute quinoa more widely and ensure that farming and poorer populations have access to it and have an understanding of its nutritional importance, including ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/?title=Quinoa
*  Celeriac - Wikipedia
Typically, celeriac is harvested when its hypocotyl is 10 to 14 cm (3.9 to 5.5 in) in diameter.[5] However, a growing trend (specifically in Peruvian and South American cuisine) is to use the immature vegetable, valued for its intensity of flavour and tenderness overall. It is edible raw or cooked, and tastes similar to the stalks (the upper part of the stem) of common celery cultivars. Celeriac may be roasted, stewed, blanched, or mashed. Sliced celeriac occurs as an ingredient in soups, casseroles, and other savory dishes. The leaves and stems of the vegetable are quite flavoursome, and aesthetically delicate and vibrant, which has led to their use as a garnish in contemporary fine dining. The shelf life of celeriac is approximately six to eight months if stored between 0 °C (32 °F) and 5 °C (41 °F), and not allowed to dry out.[7] However, the vegetable will tend to rot through the centre if the finer stems surrounding the base are left attached. The freshness of the vegetable can be ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celeriac
*  Fireworks - Wikipedia
Calcium Calcium is used to deepen firework colors. Calcium salts produce orange fireworks. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fireworks
*  Okra - Wikipedia
The species is a perennial, often cultivated as an annual in temperate climates, and often grows to around 2 metres (6.6 ft) tall. It is related to such species as cotton, cocoa, and hibiscus. The leaves are 10-20 centimetres (3.9-7.9 in) long and broad, palmately lobed with 5-7 lobes. The flowers are 4-8 centimetres (1.6-3.1 in) in diameter, with five white to yellow petals, often with a red or purple spot at the base of each petal. The fruit is a capsule up to 18 centimetres (7.1 in) long with pentagonal cross-section, containing numerous seeds. Abelmoschus esculentus is cultivated throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world for its fibrous fruits or pods containing round, white seeds. It is among the most heat- and drought-tolerant vegetable species in the world and will tolerate soils with heavy clay and intermittent moisture, but frost can damage the pods. In cultivation, the seeds are soaked overnight prior to planting to a depth of 1-2 centimetres (0.39-0.79 in). ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Okra
*  Cav1.2 - Wikipedia
calcium-mediated signaling using extracellular calcium source. • transmembrane transport. • calcium ion transport. • regulation ... This gene encodes an alpha-1 subunit of a voltage-dependent calcium channel. Calcium channels mediate the influx of calcium ... calcium ion transmembrane transport. • camera-type eye development. • cardiac conduction. • calcium ion import. ... high voltage-gated calcium channel activity. • voltage-gated calcium channel activity involved in AV node cell action potential ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cav1.2
*  Rosemary - Wikipedia
Rosemary is an aromatic evergreen shrub with leaves similar to hemlock needles. It is native to the Mediterranean and Asia, but is reasonably hardy in cool climates. It can withstand droughts, surviving a severe lack of water for lengthy periods.[8] Forms range from upright to trailing; the upright forms can reach 1.5 m (5 ft) tall, rarely 2 m (6 ft 7 in). The leaves are evergreen, 2-4 cm (0.8-1.6 in) long and 2-5 mm broad, green above, and white below, with dense, short, woolly hair. The plant flowers in spring and summer in temperate climates, but the plants can be in constant bloom in warm climates; flowers are white, pink, purple or deep blue.[2] Rosemary also has a tendency to flower outside its normal flowering season; it has been known to flower as late as early December, and as early as mid-February (in the northern hemisphere).[9] In some parts of the world, it is considered an invasive species.[2] ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E392
*  Pepper spray - Wikipedia
The active ingredient in pepper spray is capsaicin, which is a chemical derived from the fruit of plants in the genus Capsicum, including chilis. Extraction of oleoresin capsicum (OC) from peppers requires capsicum to be finely ground, from which capsaicin is then extracted using an organic solvent such as ethanol. The solvent is then evaporated, and the remaining waxlike resin is the oleoresin capsaicin. An emulsifier such as propylene glycol is used to suspend OC in water, and pressurized to make it aerosol in pepper spray. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is used to measure the amount of capsaicin and major capsaicinoids within pepper sprays. Determining the strength of different manufacturers of pepper sprays can be confusing and difficult. Statements a company makes about their product strength are not regulated. A method using the capsaicin and related capsaicinoids (CRC) content of the product is unreliable as well, because there are six different types of capsaicinoids, ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pepper_spray
*  Bradykinin - Wikipedia
Bradykinin raises internal calcium levels in neocortical astrocytes causing them to release glutamate, though this finding has ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bradykinin
*  Paraldehyde - Wikipedia
Calcium blockers. *Oxazolidinediones: Ethadione. *Paramethadione. *Trimethadione; Succinimides: Ethosuximide#. *Mesuximide. * ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paraldehyde
*  P-selectin - Wikipedia
calcium-mediated signaling using intracellular calcium source. • positive regulation of platelet activation. • leukocyte ... calcium ion binding. • metal ion binding. Cellular component. • integral component of membrane. • membrane. • platelet alpha ... calcium-dependent protein binding. • glycosphingolipid binding. • fucose binding. • carbohydrate binding. • sialic acid binding ... calcium-dependent cell-cell adhesion via plasma membrane cell adhesion molecules. • leukocyte tethering or rolling. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P-selectin
*  Topsoil - Wikipedia
Calcium (Ca%). 40-60% of Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) Magnesium (Mg%). 8-10% of CEC ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Topsoil
*  CDH1 (gene) - Wikipedia
calcium ion binding. • protein binding. • ankyrin binding. • gamma-catenin binding. • beta-catenin binding. • GTPase activating ... The encoded protein is a calcium-dependent cell-cell adhesion glycoprotein composed of five extracellular cadherin repeats, a ... "Modification of the composition of polycystin-1 multiprotein complexes by calcium and tyrosine phosphorylation". Biochimica et ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CDH1_
*  Syrup of ipecac - Wikipedia
Ipecac was used in cough mixtures as an expectorant or an emetic from the 18th until the early 20th century.[citation needed] For instance, Ipecac and opium were used to produce Dover's powder, which was used in syrup form.[citation needed] In 1965, the FDA approved the sale of up to one ounce of syrup of ipecac without a prescription. At the time it was approved, its use was recommended by the AAP, AAPCC, AMA, and the FDA's medical advisory board as a method to induce vomiting "for quick first-aid use in the home, under medical supervision", for use in cases of accidental poisoning.[2][3] Current guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics, however, strongly advise against this and in fact recommend the disposal of any syrup of ipecac present in the home.[4] Many toxicological associations have also issued position papers recommending against its use as a first-line treatment for most ingested poisons,[5] because of a lack of evidence that syrup of ipecac actually helps improve the ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ipecac
*  13-Hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid - Wikipedia
"Oxidized lipids and lysophosphatidylcholine induce the chemotaxis and intracellular calcium influx in natural killer cells". ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/13-oxoODE