Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 - WikipediaPlasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 - Wikipedia

Kyes, S. A.; Kraemer, S. M.; Smith, J. D. (2007). "Antigenic variation in Plasmodium falciparum: Gene organization and ... Scherf, Artur; Lopez-Rubio, Jose Juan; Riviere, Loïc (2008). "Antigenic variation in Plasmodium falciparum". Annual Review of ... "The large diverse gene family var encodes proteins involved in cytoadherence and antigenic variation of Plasmodium falciparum- ... This variation gives rise to different types of PfEMP1. The DBL-CIDR combination in a particular type of PfEMP1 protein is ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_falciparum_erythrocyte_membrane_protein_1

African TrypanosomiasisAfrican Trypanosomiasis

T. brucei effectively evade the human immune system by a fascinating genetically programmed system of antigenic variation. When ... the cells of the host from directly accessing the plasma membrane of the parasite and provide a means for antigenic variation ( ... results in the human because these parasites possess genetically programmed mechanisms for continuous antigenic variation. ...
more infohttp://www.bio.davidson.edu/courses/immunology/Students/spring2006/Ryan/TermPaper.html

Antigenic variation - WikipediaAntigenic variation - Wikipedia

Not to be confused with Antigenic drift or Antigenic shift.. Antigenic variation or antigenic alteration refers to the ... shows that some DNA viruses have the same high rates of antigenic variation as their RNA counterparts.[15] Antigenic variation ... Antigenic variation can occur by altering a variety of surface molecules including proteins and carbohydrates. Antigenic ... It is related to phase variation. Antigenic variation not only enables the pathogen to avoid the immune response in its current ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antigenic_variation

Immunogenetic mechanisms driving norovirus GII.4 antigenic variation.  - PubMed - NCBIImmunogenetic mechanisms driving norovirus GII.4 antigenic variation. - PubMed - NCBI

Immunogenetic mechanisms driving norovirus GII.4 antigenic variation.. Lindesmith LC1, Beltramello M, Donaldson EF, Corti D, ... Moreover, these data support the hypothesis that GII.4 norovirus evolution is heavily influenced by antigenic variation of ... Panel A: Amino acid variation of Epitopes A-E by GII.4 strain. Panel B: Predicted epitopes were expanded to include interacting ... To test if antigenic drift may contribute to GII.4 persistence, human memory B cells were immortalized and the resulting human ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22615565?dopt=Abstract

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Vaccines: Reinfection and Antigenic Variation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govCytomegalovirus (CMV) Vaccines: Reinfection and Antigenic Variation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Vaccines: Reinfection and Antigenic Variation (CMV). The safety and scientific validity of this study is ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03443791?term=cmv&

Antigenic variation of the Avian Myeloblastosis Virus obtained from chick embryo fibroblasts | SpringerLinkAntigenic variation of the Avian Myeloblastosis Virus obtained from chick embryo fibroblasts | SpringerLink

Chick Embryo Antigenic Variation Avian Myeloblastosis Virus Chick Embryo Fibroblast This work was done while the author was at ... Antigenic variation of the Avian Myeloblastosis Virus obtained from chick embryo fibroblasts. ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01946182

Mosaic VSGs in Trypanosoma brucei antigenic variation  - Enlighten: ThesesMosaic VSGs in Trypanosoma brucei antigenic variation - Enlighten: Theses

parasite, trypanosome, antigenic variation, immune evasion. Subjects:. Q Science , QH Natural history. Q Science , QH Natural ... Hall, James Peter John (2012) Mosaic VSGs in Trypanosoma brucei antigenic variation. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow. ... Segmental gene conversion was therefore found to be both prominent in chronic African trypanosome antigenic variation, and ... trypanosomes-deadly parasites of humans and livestock in tropical Africa-possess a comprehensive system of antigenic variation ...
more infohttp://theses.gla.ac.uk/3796/

Antigenic Variation in Vector-Borne Pathogens - Volume 6, Number 5-October 2000 - Emerging Infectious Diseases journal - CDCAntigenic Variation in Vector-Borne Pathogens - Volume 6, Number 5-October 2000 - Emerging Infectious Diseases journal - CDC

These pathogens use antigenic variation to prolong their circulation in the blood and thus increase the likelihood of ... Antigenic variation poses a challenge in the development of vaccines against vector-borne pathogens. ... bacterial and protozoal vector-borne pathogens have acquired similar genetic mechanisms for successful antigenic variation. ... Antigenic Variation in Vector-Borne Pathogens On This Page What is antigenic variation? Common elements Relapsing Fever ...
more infohttp://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/6/5/00-0502_article.htm

ASMscience | DNA Recombination Strategies During Antigenic Variation in the African TrypanosomeASMscience | DNA Recombination Strategies During Antigenic Variation in the African Trypanosome

Other work has begun to look at antigenic variation in animal-infective trypanosomes, and we will compare the findings that are ... This chapter will discuss the implications of such VSG diversity for immune evasion by antigenic variation, and will consider ... The essential features of trypanosome antigenic variation have been understood for many years and comprise a dense, protective ... Most studies of trypanosome antigenic variation have focused on T. brucei, the causative agent of human sleeping sickness. ...
more infohttp://www.asmscience.org/content/journal/microbiolspec/10.1128/microbiolspec.MDNA3-0016-2014

Antigenic variation in Lyme disease borreliae by promiscuous recombination of VMP-like sequence cassettes.  - PubMed - NCBIAntigenic variation in Lyme disease borreliae by promiscuous recombination of VMP-like sequence cassettes. - PubMed - NCBI

... resulting in antigenic variation of the expressed lipoprotein. This combinatorial variation could potentially produce millions ... Antigenic variation in Lyme disease borreliae by promiscuous recombination of VMP-like sequence cassettes.. Zhang JR1, Hardham ... system for antigenic variation of relapsing fever organisms. Portions of several of the 15 nonexpressed (silent) vls cassette ... an elaborate genetic system in the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi that promotes extensive antigenic variation of ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9108482?dopt=Abstract

The Chemistry of Antigenic Variation in Influenza a Virus Hemagglutinin | Springer for Research & DevelopmentThe Chemistry of Antigenic Variation in Influenza a Virus Hemagglutinin | Springer for Research & Development

... have been used to study the chemistry of antigenic variation within the present subtype of influenza A virus.... ... Single-step antigenic mutants, derived experimentally from the strain A/NT60/68 (H3N2), ... Thus, variation within a hierarchic series of antigenic mutants is associated with minor changes in the primary structure of ... Antigenic Variation Guanidine Hydrochloride Hemagglutinating Activity Sucrose Density Gradient Centrifugation Influenza Virus ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-7091-4130-4_13

Antigenic Variation of Avian Influenza A(H5N6) Viruses, Guangdong Province, China, 2014-2018 - Volume 25, Number 10-October...Antigenic Variation of Avian Influenza A(H5N6) Viruses, Guangdong Province, China, 2014-2018 - Volume 25, Number 10-October...

... revealing antigenic drift and decreased antibody response against the vaccine strain in vaccinated chickens. ... Antigenic Variation of Avian Influenza A(H5N6) Viruses, Guangdong Province, China, 2014-2018 On This Page ... Antigenic Variation of Avian Influenza A(H5N6) Viruses, Guangdong Province, China, 2014-2018. Emerging Infectious Diseases. ... Bai, R., Sikkema, R. S., Li, C., Munnink, B. B., Wu, J., Zou, L....Ke, C. (2019). Antigenic Variation of Avian Influenza A(H5N6 ...
more infohttps://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/10/19-0274

Protein shift and antigenic variation in the S-layer of Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis during bovine infection...Protein shift and antigenic variation in the S-layer of Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis during bovine infection...

Protein shift and antigenic variation in the S-layer of Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis during bovine infection ... Protein shift and antigenic variation in the S-layer of Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis during bovine infection ... Protein shift and antigenic variation in the S-layer of Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis during bovine infection ... Protein shift and antigenic variation in the S-layer of Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis during bovine infection ...
more infohttps://jb.asm.org/content/177/8/1976?ijkey=f01a5eeb623233480933435b4aaf317d53d5b986&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Studies on trypanosomatid flagellates with special reference to antigenic variation and kinetoplast DNA  - Enlighten: ThesesStudies on trypanosomatid flagellates with special reference to antigenic variation and kinetoplast DNA - Enlighten: Theses

First, the process of antigenic variation in the African trypanosomes and second the structure and function of the kinetoplast ... Hajduk, Stephen Louis (1980) Studies on trypanosomatid flagellates with special reference to antigenic variation and ... Studies on trypanosomatid flagellates with special reference to antigenic variation and kinetoplast DNA ...
more infohttp://theses.gla.ac.uk/38921/

Antigenic variation | Article about antigenic variation by The Free DictionaryAntigenic variation | Article about antigenic variation by The Free Dictionary

Find out information about antigenic variation. Alteration of an antigen on the surface of a microorganism; may enable a ... pathogenic mocroorganism to evade destruction by the hosts immune system Explanation of antigenic variation ... antigenic variation. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia. antigenic variation. [‚an·tə¦jen·ik ‚ver· ... Antigenic divergence suggested by correlation between antigenic variation and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profiles of ...
more infohttp://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/antigenic+variation

British Library EThOS: Investigation of the distribution, antigenic variation and the biological role of phase variation of the...British Library EThOS: Investigation of the distribution, antigenic variation and the biological role of phase variation of the...

Investigation of the distribution, antigenic variation and the biological role of phase variation of the haemoglobin receptors ...
more infohttp://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.555487

Impact of sequence diversity in the Moraxella catarrhalis UspA2/UspA2H head domain on vitronectin binding and antigenic...Impact of sequence diversity in the Moraxella catarrhalis UspA2/UspA2H head domain on vitronectin binding and antigenic...

... of sequence diversity in the Moraxella catarrhalis UspA2/UspA2H head domain on vitronectin binding and antigenic variation.. Su ... Vitronectin binding to isolates having UspA2 did not correlate to variation in the NTER2 motifs but occurred in UspA2H ... Vitronectin binding to isolates having UspA2 did not correlate to variation in the NTER2 motifs but occurred in UspA2H ... of sequence diversity in the Moraxella catarrhalis UspA2/UspA2H head domain on vitronectin binding and antigenic variation.}, ...
more infohttps://lup.lub.lu.se/search/publication/c1087449-d485-4f7b-b0f3-c9c24bae50b7

Antigenic variation of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype A.  - Surrey Research Insight Open AccessAntigenic variation of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype A. - Surrey Research Insight Open Access

2014) Antigenic variation of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype A. J Gen Virol, 95 (Pt 2). pp. 384-392. ... Here, we used antigenic cartography to quantify and visualize the antigenic relationships among FMD serotype A viruses, aiming ... Nevertheless, by comparing antigenic distances measured from the antigenic maps with the full capsid (P1) sequence, we ... Furthermore, inherent variation among vaccine sera may impair reproducibility of one-way relationship scores. ...
more infohttp://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/826488/

Evaluation of mechanisms that may generate DNA lesions triggering antigenic variation in African trypanosomes  - Enlighten:...Evaluation of mechanisms that may generate DNA lesions triggering antigenic variation in African trypanosomes - Enlighten:...

Antigenic variation by variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) coat switching in African trypanosomes is one of the most elaborate ... Challenging trypanosome antigenic variation paradigms using natural systems. Richard McCulloch. Wellcome Trust (WELLCOTR). ... Evaluation of mechanisms that may generate DNA lesions triggering antigenic variation in African trypanosomes ... Evaluation of mechanisms that may generate DNA lesions triggering antigenic variation in African trypanosomes. PLoS Pathogens, ...
more infohttp://eprints.gla.ac.uk/171013/

Antigenic variation in Schistosoma  - Kingston University Research RepositoryAntigenic variation in 'Schistosoma' - Kingston University Research Repository

Sealey, Katie Lynn (2011) Antigenic variation in Schistosoma. (MSc(R) thesis), Kingston University. ... Results revealed antigenic and structural diversity in these antigens including TSP23 across species and within populations of ... PCR and bioinformatic tools were used to analyse the antigenic and structural diversity of tegumental antigens. ... antigens within and across parasite species to identify genetic changes that could alter the shape of the resultant antigenic ...
more infohttp://eprints.kingston.ac.uk/22525/

Sir2 paralogues cooperate to regulate virulence genes and antigenic variation in Plasmodium falciparum • Research - Institut...Sir2 paralogues cooperate to regulate virulence genes and antigenic variation in Plasmodium falciparum • Research - Institut...

Antigenic variation of PfEMP1 is achieved by in situ switching and mutually exclusive transcription of the var gene family, a ... molecules displayed on the erythrocyte surface are responsible for cytoadherance and undergo antigenic variation in the course ... Antigenic variation of PfEMP1 is achieved by in situ switching and mutually exclusive transcription of the var gene family, a ... Sir2 paralogues cooperate to regulate virulence genes and antigenic variation in Plasmodium falciparum. ...
more infohttps://research.pasteur.fr/en/publication/sir2-paralogues-cooperate-to-regulate-virulence-genes-and-antigenic-variation-in-plasmodium-falciparum/

Parasite-intrinsic factors can explain ordered progression of trypanosome antigenic variationParasite-intrinsic factors can explain ordered progression of trypanosome antigenic variation

... Download. Lythgoe et al.pdf ( ... Pathogens often persist during infection because of antigenic variation, in which they evade immunity by switching between ...
more infohttps://www.era.lib.ed.ac.uk/handle/1842/2091

Genome organization and DNA accessibility control antigenic variation in trypanosomes.Genome organization and DNA accessibility control antigenic variation in trypanosomes.

These include antigenic variation, through which an infecting organism prevents clearance by periodically altering the identity ... Antigenic variation requires large reservoirs of immunologically diverse antigen genes, which are often generated through ... One of the major obstacles to studying the role of genome architecture in antigenic variation has been the highly repetitive ... DNA Recombination Strategies During Antigenic Variation in the African Trypanosome. * Authors: McCulloch R, Morrison LJ, Hall ...
more infohttps://repository.helmholtz-hzi.de/handle/10033/621576