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*  CoverGirl - Wikipedia
"Animal Testing Alternatives". pgbeautygroomingscience.com. Procter & Gamble. Archived from the original on 15 October 2012. " ... CoverGirl was one of the largest global brands to conduct animal testing but that is no longer the case. In January 2010, ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CoverGirl
*  Altbib - Wikipedia
Alternatives to animal testing. ... testing, application, and validation of alternatives to the use ... Bibliography on Alternatives to the Use of Live Vertebrates in Biomedical Research and Testing, or Altbib, is a bibliography ... of vertebrates in biomedical research and toxicology testing. The bibliography is produced from MEDLARS database searches ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altbib
*  Cell culture - Wikipedia
"Animals and alternatives in testing". Archived from the original on 2006-02-25. Retrieved 2006-04-19. Schiff J (February 2002 ... Alternative strategies involve sourcing the animal blood from countries with minimum BSE/TSE risk, such as The United States, ... hPL has emerged as a safe and reliable alternative as a direct replacement for FBS or other animal serum. In addition, ... The growth factors used to supplement media are often derived from the serum of animal blood, such as fetal bovine serum (FBS ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cell_culture
*  Leslie Turnberg, Baron Turnberg - Wikipedia
"The Three Rs: The Way Forward". The Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing. Archived from the original on 28 March 2007. ... in animal testing called "The National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research". The board ... The focus of the centre is on the three Rs: the replacement, refinement, and reduction of animal testing. The three Rs were ... The UK government currently still regards animal testing as necessary, but science minister Lord Sainsbury of Turville said ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leslie_Turnberg,_Baron_Turnberg
*  Wilhelm Roux - Wikipedia
"Animals and alternatives in testing". Archived from the original on 2006-02-25. Retrieved 2006-04-19. Kurz, H; Sandau, K; ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_Roux
*  Deborah Rudacille - Wikipedia
Animals and Alternatives in Testing: History, Science, Ethics. Mary Ann Liebert, 1994, ISBN 0913113670 The Scalpel and the ... "A balanced account of the battle over animal research and animal rights", Chicago Tribune, 10 September 2000. Byrne, Michael. " ... a history of the practice and politics of animal testing, The Riddle of Gender (2004), which examines scientists' attempts to ... The War Between Animal Research and Animal Protection. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2000. The Riddle of Gender: Science, Activism ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deborah_Rudacille
*  Fixed-dose procedure - Wikipedia
"In U.S., Few Alternatives To Testing On Animals". Washington Post. 2 April 2008. Retrieved 2011-06-26. Stallard, N.; Whitehead ... As a result, in 1992 this test was proposed as an alternative to the LD50 test by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation ... approve non-animal alternatives in response to research cruelty concerns and the lack of validity/sensitivity of animal tests ... Depending on the results of the first test, either no further testing is needed or a higher or lower dose is tested: If ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fixed-dose_procedure
*  Model organism - Wikipedia
"FDA: Why are animals used for testing medical products?". "Society Of Toxicology: Advancing valid alternatives". Archived from ... of model organisms History of model organisms Animals in space Animal testing Animal testing on invertebrates Animal testing on ... These test conditions are often termed as animal models of disease. The use of animal models allows researchers to investigate ... In the U.S., the Animal Welfare Act of 1970 (see also Laboratory Animal Welfare Act) set standards for animal use and care in ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Model_organism
*  Queen Mary University of London - Wikipedia
"Professorial chair to lead search for animal testing alternatives". Times Higher Education. 16 January 2013. Retrieved 20 ... In January 2013, Queen Mary established the world's first professorial chair in animal replacement science. From 2014, Queen ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_Mary_University_of_London
*  History of Queen Mary University of London - Wikipedia
"Professorial chair to lead search for animal testing alternatives". Times Higher Education. 16 January 2013. Retrieved 20 ... "Thurston's DH4 Tests". Retrieved 11 September 2011. "Spratt's". London Remembers. Retrieved 16 July 2015. "Information released ... In January 2013, Queen Mary established the world's first professorial chair in animal replacement science. From 2014, Queen ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Queen_Mary_University_of_London
*  Median lethal dose - Wikipedia
Food and Drug Administration approved alternative methods to LD50 for testing the cosmetic drug Botox without animal tests. The ... Animal-rights and animal-welfare groups, such as Animal Rights International, have campaigned against LD50 testing on animals. ... "In U.S., Few Alternatives To Testing On Animals". Washington Post. 12 April 2008. Retrieved 2011-06-26. REGISTRY OF TOXIC ... see Test Guideline 401, Trends in Pharmacological Sciences Vol 22, February 22, 2001). Animal testing Reed-Muench method IDLH ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Median_lethal_dose
*  Up-and-down procedure - Wikipedia
... is an alternative to the LD50 acute toxicity test. It requires fewer animals to achieve similar accuracy as the LD50 test. ... "In U.S., Few Alternatives To Testing On Animals". Washington Post. 12 April 2008. Retrieved 2011-06-26. ... However, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has begun to approve non-animal alternatives. Lipnick, RL; Cotruvo, JA; Hill, RN ... Lichtman, A (1998). "The up-and-down method substantially reduces the number of animals required to determine antinociceptive ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Up-and-down_procedure
*  Lipton - Wikipedia
"Developing alternative approaches to animal testing". Unilever. Retrieved 8 June 2016. "Search results for 'soup'". Lipton Tea ... Zelman, Joanna (2 February 2011). "Unilever Ends Animal Testing On Lipton Tea Products After PETA Threatens Major Campaign". ... campaign Unilever no longer test their products on animals unless required to by governments as part of their regulatory ... According to the animal rights organization, Unilever decided to end the practice for Lipton products after receiving more than ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lipton
*  Syed Ziaur Rahman - Wikipedia
He even translated few papers into Urdu in the field of Alternatives to animal testing. Rahman also works in the field of ... Rahman's contributed in the area of Alternatives to animal testing. He believed in the philosophy of '3Rs" of Russell and Burch ... getting survey related to the attitude of undergraduate medical students towards Alternatives to animal testing and Animal ... a presentation by InterNICHE Co-ordinator Nick Jukes about alternatives to animal testing in education: Urdu Translation ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syed_Ziaur_Rahman
*  Foundation for Biomedical Research - Wikipedia
"The Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT)". Retrieved 2009-06-24. PETA. "Animals in Experimentation - ... "Animal research and medical progress". About animal testing. "Scientists Against Animal Testing". The Society for Neuroscience ... Animal testing History of animal testing Foundation for Biomedical Research. "About FBR". Retrieved 2009-06-24. 2005 Report on ... Some animal rights supporters believe that alternatives exist for animal models in research; however the vast majority of ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foundation_for_Biomedical_Research
*  CAAT - Wikipedia
Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing, a US research center. Campaign Against Arms Trade, a British campaigning ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CAAT
*  Cruelty-free - Wikipedia
"Replacement of animal procedures: alternatives in research, education and testing". Laboratory Animals. 28 (3): 193-211. doi: ... "not tested on animals", "we do not conduct animal testing", "never tested on animals", "against animal testing" or "cruelty- ... Though companies can still use animal testing in countries outside Europe (such as China, which requires animal testing on all ... These techniques to reduce animals used in tests and their suffering include: replacement (eliminate an animal test altogether ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cruelty-free
*  Living things in culture - Wikipedia
ISBN 978-0-8247-5496-9. Doke, Sonali K.; Dhawale, Shashikant C. (July 2015). "Alternatives to animal testing: A review". Saudi ... are hybrid animals; the name zodiac indeed means a circle of animals. All twelve signs of the Chinese zodiac are animals. ... Many animals are hunted for sport. The aquatic animals most often hunted for sport are fish, including many species from large ... Both animals and plants are significant in art, whether as background or as main subjects. Animals, often mammals but including ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Living_things_in_culture
*  ALTEX - Wikipedia
... the European consensus platform for alternatives, the European Society for Alternatives to Animal Testing, and the ... ALTEX: Alternatives to Animal Experimentation is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering alternatives to animal ... It is the official journal of Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing, the American Society for Cellular and Computational ... Official website Johns Hopkins University Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ALTEX
*  Lung on a chip - Wikipedia
It is expected to become an alternative to animal testing. The lung-on-a-chip places two layers of living tissues-the lining of ... The response of the lung-on-a-chip to inhaled living pathogens was tested by introducing E. Coli bacteria into the air channel ... The engineered organ combination could be used to test inhaled drugs and to identify new and more effective therapeutics that ... It can be used to test the effects of environmental toxins, absorption of aerosolized therapeutics, and the safety and efficacy ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lung_on_a_chip
*  InterNICHE - Wikipedia
Alternatives to animal testing "Animal Concerns Community - InterNICHE - the International Network for Humane Education". ... Encyclopedia of animal rights and animal welfare. School Library Journal. vol. 56 iss. 4 p. 10. The International Network for ... "Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare: Second Edition - Google Books". Books.google.com. 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2013- ... "InterNICHE Launches New Website for Humane Education and Alternatives". Altweb.jhsph.edu. Retrieved 2013-07-22. Patricia Ann ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/InterNICHE
*  Brine shrimp - Wikipedia
... has had extensive use as a test organism and in some circumstances is an acceptable alternative to the toxicity testing of ... Alternatives to Laboratory Animals. 20: 297-301. Muñoz J; Gómez A; Green AJ; Figuerola J; Amat F; Rico C (2008). " ... Some eggs were kept on Earth as experimental controls to ensure a fair test. Also, as the take-off in a spacecraft involves a ... of Artemia makes them ideal animals for running biological toxicity assays and it has become a model organism used to test the ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brine_shrimp
*  Biosimulation - Wikipedia
In:The Economist (US) June 11, 2005 "Biograf 3R - Computational Alternatives to Animal Testing - Home". Biograf.ch. doi:10.1016 ... of reduction and replacement of animal experiments as well as to the refinement of the methodology in cases where animal tests ... In a future scenario, biosimulation would change the way substances are tested, in which in vivo and in vitro tests are ... The early prediction if a drug will fail in animals or humans would be a key to reduce both drug development costs and the ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biosimulation
*  In silico medicine - Wikipedia
In silico modeling can also provide a humane alternative to animal testing. It has been purported by a company in the field, ... com/en/improving-the-welfare-of-animals-researchers-develop-computer-aided-models-to-replace-animal-testing "The Seventh ... that computer-aided models will make the use of testing on living organisms obsolete. The term in silico medicine is ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In_silico_medicine
*  Michael Balls - Wikipedia
He is best known for his work on laboratory animal welfare and alternatives to animal testing. Balls was born in 1938 in ... He became Editor of Alternatives to Laboratory Animals (ATLA) in 1983. He acted as an adviser to the British government during ... "ATLA -Alternatives To Laboratory Animals". Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR). Retrieved 4 December 2013. "London ... "Ed Balls' father urges review of animal testing laws". Daily Mail. London. 23 July 2007. Retrieved 11 October 2010. Biography ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Balls