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*  Gross Domestic Product and Health Expenditure Associated With Incidence, 30-Day Fatality, and Age at Stroke Onset | Stroke
In conclusion, lower PPP-aGDP and PPP-aTHE were associated with onset of cerebrovascular disease at younger age, a higher ... Together, these results (stroke onset at younger age with a higher incident risk of hemorrhagic stroke) may suggest poorer ... Gross Domestic Product and Health Expenditure Associated With Incidence, 30-Day Fatality, and Age at Stroke Onset. A Systematic ... Gross Domestic Product and Health Expenditure Associated With Incidence, 30-Day Fatality, and Age at Stroke Onset ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/43/1/170
*  Abstract 2634: A Prospective Study Of Asymptomatic Intracranial Arterial Stenosis In Japanese Healthy Subjects | Stroke
Age and sex affected the stroke onset. The Cox's proportional-Hazards regression model after adjustment of age and sex revealed ... Significant risk factors for AIAS were older age, female, hypertension, high values of fasting blood glucose and HbA1c. During ... The Warfarin versus Aspirin Symptomatic Intracranial Disease (WASID) Study has demonstrated stroke onset in 5 among 100 ... mean age of 59). They were followed up with the mean interval of 83 months to obtain information about their stroke event with ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/43/Suppl_1/A2634
*  Effect of Thermal Stimulation on Upper Extremity Motor Recovery 3 Months After Stroke | Stroke
Conclusions-The 8-week additional UE-TS protocol improved UE motor recovery for stroke patients 3 months after onset. ... age between 18 and 80 years; and (5) ability to sit on a chair for ,30 minutes and move paretic hand away from thermal ... The inclusion criteria were: (1) first-ever unilateral stroke; (2) stroke onset ,3 months and ,3 years; (3) ability to follow ... protocol could provide further improvement in motor function of UE than those in the control group after 3 months of onset. ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/41/10/2378
*  Abstract WMP15: Hemispheric Asymmetry of Frontoparietal Control Network in Acute Ischemic Stroke Correlates with Stroke...
... within 3 hrs after onset. NIH Stroke Scale was obtained at admission, 24 hours and 72 hours after symptom onset. Modified ... Methods: RsMRI was performed in nine ischemic stroke patients (mean age: 75.33 ± 7.6 y; 6 male; 7 MCA, 2 ACA affection) ... Rankin Scale (mRS) was obtained 1 month after onset. FPC network was defined using a seed-based approach (ipsilesional ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/44/Suppl_1/AWMP15
*  Abstract 2247: A Very Early Neurological Improvement After Intravenous Thrombolysis For Acute Cerebral Ischemia Does Not...
Results: of 365 consecutive patients with a pre-stroke mRS 0-1 (185 men; median age 69 years; median NIHSSS 12; median onset-to ... 11; p=0.003), and shorter onset-to-needle times (median 135 min vs. 151; p=0.01), and less likely to develop pneumonia (OR: ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/43/Suppl_1/A2247
*  Evaluation of the American Heart Association Stroke Outcome Classification | Stroke
The mean age was 71 (±11.2) years at the time of stroke onset. Forty-five subjects (43%) were male. Eighty-three patients (79 ... Rankin J. Cerebral vascular accidents in patients over the age of 60, II: prognosis. Scott Med J.. 1957;2:200-215. ... The patients were evaluated with a variety of standardized assessments at enrollment (within 14 days of stroke onset) and ... The patients were evaluated with a variety of standardized assessments at enrollment (within 14 days of stroke onset) and ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/30/9/1840
*  Distinct Short-Term Outcomes in Patients With Mild Versus Rapidly Improving Stroke Not Treated With Thrombolytics | Stroke
... except for patients with MS and RIS and advanced age only as a reason for nontreatment (n=2731) because advanced age is not an ... Symptoms at onset included the presence or absence of 4 recorded symptoms (focal weakness, language disturbance, altered ... Older age, history of heart failure, transport by Emergency Medical Services (EMS), and a higher NIHSS were associated with ... Outcomes at Hospital Discharge for Ischemic Strokes With a Documented NIHSS Who Arrive Within 4.5 Hours of Symptom Onset, by ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/47/5/1278
*  Impact of Bilingualism on Cognitive Outcome After Stroke | Stroke
Bilingualism delays age at onset of dementia, independent of education and immigration status. Neurology. 2013;81:1938-1944. ... Recent research suggests that bilingualism is associated with better cognitive function in aging3 and a later onset of dementia ... Background and Purpose-Bilingualism has been associated with slower cognitive aging and a later onset of dementia. In this ... Effects of bilingualism and aging on executive function and working memory. Psychol Aging. 2014;29:696-705. doi: 10.1037/ ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/47/1/258
*  Prediction of Functional Outcome After Stroke | Stroke
Subjects were excluded if they (1) were less than 18 years of age; (2) had stroke onset more than 14 days earlier; (3) had ... A stroke was defined according to the WHO criteria14 as "rapid onset and of vascular origin reflecting a focal disturbance of ... Urgent therapy for stroke, II: pilot study of tissue plasminogen activator administered 91-180 minutes from onset. Stroke. 1992 ... Assessments on 48% of the patients were made during the first week of stroke onset. Descriptive statistics on scores of Barthel ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/29/9/1838
*  Race-Ethnic Disparities in the Impact of Stroke Risk Factors | Stroke
... were aged ,39 years at onset of the stroke; and (3) resided in the northern Manhattan community in a household with a telephone ... mean age 66 years) and blacks (mean age 68 years) compared with the whites (mean age 77 years), age would not affect the Ors, ... Matched for age and sex and adjusted for diabetes mellitus, atrial fibrillation, coronary artery disease, physical inactivity, ... Matched for age and sex and adjusted for hypertension, atrial fibrillation, coronary artery disease, physical inactivity, and ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/32/8/1725
*  Effects of Poststroke Losartan Versus Captopril Treatment on Myogenic and Endothelial Function in the Cerebrovasculature of...
... between 13 and 17 weeks of age. The onset of these symptoms was often associated with the development of intracerebral ... Our previous studies1 have indicated that the onset of death can be retarded by treating SHRsp with captopril after stroke. The ... Cardiovascular and renal regulation by the angiotensin type 2 receptor: the AT2 receptor comes of age. Hypertension. 2005; 45: ... Male SHRsp at 10 weeks of age (9.8±0.15 weeks; n=7; SBP, 216±5.6 mm Hg), 3 weeks before stroke development, were sampled ( ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/38/5/1590
*  Clinical Spectrum of CADASIL and the Effect of Cardiovascular Risk Factors on Phenotype | Stroke
Mean age at onset was 29.4 (SD 12.7) years, and the distribution of age at onset is shown in Figure 1. The most common aura was ... Mean age at onset of depressive illness was 41 (SD 10.2) years, and the distribution of the age at onset is shown in Figure 1. ... The following information was recorded: presence and age at onset of cardiovascular risk factors; presence and age at onset of ... 14 The age at onset of risk factors was defined as the age at which treatment was commenced or the age at diagnosis for risk ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/41/4/630
*  Cardiac Autonomic Nervous System and Risk of Arrhythmias in Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy With Subcortical Infarcts...
The age at onset of the first symptom ranged from 17 to 66 years. Four patients were currently asymptomatic (ages 48, 45, 27, ... The following clinical features were recorded: age of onset, age at examination, overall cognitive performance evaluated by ... Control subjects were 22 healthy age- and sex-matched white volunteers (7 females, 15 males; mean age, 47 years; range, 25 to ... Standard criteria were applied for QT measurement.17 QT intervals were measured from the onset of the Q wave or of QRS to the ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/38/2/276
*  Are There Time-Dependent Differences in Diffusion and Perfusion Within the First 6 Hours After Stroke Onset? | Stroke
One-hundred twelve patients (41 women and 71 men, age 62±13 years [mean±SD]) with MRI within 6 hours (3.0±1.0 [mean±SD] hours) ... Are There Time-Dependent Differences in Diffusion and Perfusion Within the First 6 Hours After Stroke Onset?. Jens Fiehler, ... Conclusions- We observed no significant time-dependent differences within 6 hours after stroke onset in degree and volume of ... Intravenous therapy with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is effective if initiated within 3 hours after stroke onset.1 The ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/35/9/2099
*  Acute Hospital, Community, and Indirect Costs of Stroke Associated With Atrial Fibrillation | Stroke
In contrast to previous studies, we included patients with AF before stroke onset, new AF detected at stroke onset, and ... On stratified analyses by fatality, age, and stroke severity, no clear influence of age or severity was detected. We cannot ... Although greater age and comorbidity may contribute to greater cost of stroke in patients with AF, we observed a similar ... As expected, patients with AF were older (mean age, 76.5 versus 68.5 years; P,0.001) and were more likely to have ischemic ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/45/12/3670
*  Increased Expression of Transforming Growth Factor-β1 as a Stabilizing Factor in Human Atherosclerotic Plaques | Stroke
The first group included 12 patients (7 mol/L; 5 female; age 72±2 years) who presented with clinical symptoms of cerebral ... ischemic attack (symptomatic patients, group 1). Endarterectomy was performed 10 to 40 days after the onset of symptoms in ... The second group included 12 patients (6 mol/L; 6 females; age 72±3 years) who had an asymptomatic carotid stenosis ( ... study was supported in part by a grant from the Italian Ministry of Research and Education to the Center of Excellence on Aging ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/35/10/2253
*  Long-Term Excess Mortality After Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage | Stroke
The mean age at the onset of aSAH was 49 years (range, 1-88 years). ... Age. Patients who were ,60 years of age (n=583) had markedly higher excess mortality (20-year cumulative RSR, 0.72; 95% CI, ... Among the study group, the mean age at the time of death was 67 years (median, 68 years; range, 23-90 years). The most common ... Cumulative relative survival ratios (RSRs) as a function of follow-up time for (A) 3 age groups: ≤44 years (blue), 45 to 59 ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/46/7/1813
*  Abstract TP219: D-lactate and Intestinal Fatty-acid Binding Protein Are Elevated in Serum in Patients with Acute Ischemic...
The majority of patients were male (57.4%), and had a median age of 64 years. The most common cause of stroke was large-vessel ... Blood was drawn within 24 hours of symptom onset. Serum concentrations of D-Lactate and IFABP were determined using ... Materials and methods: We included consecutive patients with ischemic stroke, and used healthy, age and sex-matched subjects as ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/48/Suppl_1/ATP219
*  Pretreatment Diffusion-Weighted Imaging Lesion Volume Predicts Favorable Outcome After Intravenous Thrombolysis With Tissue...
Perfusion-weighted imaging lesion volumes and onset-to-treatment time were comparable between the groups. Age (P=0.017), ... They were younger (median age, 62 versus 67 years; P=0.001), had a lower National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score on ... Pretreatment perfusion lesion volume and onset-to-treatment time were not associated with outcome when patients were selected ... Conclusions-A lower age, lower National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score on admission, and smaller pretreatment ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/03/17/STROKEAHA.110.600148
*  Does Arterial Recanalization Improve Outcome in Carotid Territory Stroke? | Stroke
... outcome did not correlate significantly with age and sex of the patients and was unaffected by the time interval between onset ... From February 1988 to October 1993, we recruited 77 consecutive patients (30 women, 47 men; age range, 28 to 78 years; mean age ... The extent of parenchymal hypodensity shown on CT scans within the first 6 hours after the onset of symptoms was the most ... All normal CT scans were performed within the first 132 minutes after the onset of symptoms. With good collaterals, no or small ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/26/4/581
*  Influence of Arterial Input Function on Hypoperfusion Volumes Measured With Perfusion-Weighted Imaging | Stroke
The median age was 69 years (range, 43 to 88 years), and 7 (54%) were female. The median baseline NIHSS was 13 (range, 6 to 23 ... Figure 3. Baseline PWI maps of patient 10 scanned 6.8 hours after symptom onset with an NIHSS of 13. PWI determined from AIF ... Follow-up images were obtained a median of 5.1 days (range, 4 to 6.4 days) after symptom onset. Lesion volumes increased a ... Three patients did not have repeated imaging within 4 to 7 days after symptom onset. Ten patients did not have lesion growth ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/35/1/94.long
*  HINTS to Diagnose Stroke in the Acute Vestibular Syndrome | Stroke
The study population was 65% men with a mean age of 62 years (SD, 13 years; range, 26 to 92 years). The age range for patients ... imaging occurred within 72 hours of symptom onset in 97%; 2 patients were imaged at 4 days and one at 9 days after AVS onset. ... One in 5 strokes causing AVS affects a patient aged ,50 years and one in 10 a patient aged ,40 years. Typical neurological ... the precise time of examination relative to symptom onset was unclear, because the precise time of symptom onset was unknown. ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/40/11/3504.full
*  Delayed Posttraumatic Hemorrhage | Stroke
DPTH is one of the causes of ICH in adult patients under 50 years of age. Most head injuries causing DPTH are of low intensity ... Our patients presented a clear symptom-free interval and sudden onset of symptoms. No coagulation disorders or previous ... Methods Ten cases of CT-proven DPTH from a series of 216 patients (age range, 15 to 50 years) with ICH were evaluated. Previous ... Ten cases of DPTH were selected from a prospective series of 216 patients (age range, 15 to 50 years) with a diagnosis of ICH ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/26/9/1531
*  Stent-Assisted Mechanical Recanalization for Treatment of Acute Intracerebral Artery Occlusions | Stroke
In our opinion, this is due to the early treatment after symptom onset, the fast and effective clot removal, and the ... The main inclusion criteria were (1) patient age ≥18 years; (2) NIHSS score ≥8; (3) TICI score of 0 or 1 in an accessible ... Another important factor for final outcome is the time in which recanalization was achieved after the onset of stroke. In our ... All patients had an NIHSS ≥13 on admission The mean time interval from stroke onset to admission was 207±110 minutes. Nine ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/41/11/2559
*  Effects of Hypertonic Saline Hydroxyethyl Starch Solution and Mannitol in Patients With Increased Intracranial Pressure After...
In all, 30 ICP episodes were treated in 9 patients (6 men, 3 women; mean age, 56.6 years [range, 43 to 75 years]). The Table⇓ ... The mean interval between stroke onset and initial osmotherapy was 57 hours (range, 33 to 85 hours). Concomitant therapy ...
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/29/8/1550