Neuro-Ophthalmologic Manifestations of Multiple Sclerosis (MS): Overview, Multiple Sclerosis, Afferent Visual Pathway...
... afferent visual pathway symptoms) and/or how their eyes move together (efferent visual pathway disorders). ... afferent visual pathway symptoms) and/or how their eyes move together (efferent visual pathway disorders). ... Afferent Visual Pathway Manifestations of Multiple Sclerosis. Optic neuritis. Optic neuritis is an inflammatory injury of the ... Costello F. The afferent visual pathway: designing a structural-functional paradigm of multiple sclerosis. ISRN Neurol. 2013. ...https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1214270-overview
Kv1.1 Deletion Augments the Afferent Hypoxic Chemosensory Pathway and Respiration | Journal of Neuroscience
Kv1.1 Deletion Augments the Afferent Hypoxic Chemosensory Pathway and Respiration. David D. Kline, Maria C. F. Buniel, Patricia ... Kv1.1 Deletion Augments the Afferent Hypoxic Chemosensory Pathway and Respiration. David D. Kline, Maria C. F. Buniel, Patricia ... In the present study, we examined the role of Kv1.1 in the afferent pathway of the carotid body chemoreflex. In the carotid ... Kv1.1 Deletion Augments the Afferent Hypoxic Chemosensory Pathway and Respiration. David D. Kline, Maria C. F. Buniel, Patricia ...http://www.jneurosci.org/content/25/13/3389
Reflex pathways from group II muscle afferents | SpringerLink
The interneuronally mediated reflex actions evoked by electrical stimulation of group II muscle afferents in low spinal cats ... Lundberg A, Malmgren K, Schomburg ED (1987b) Reflex path-ways from group II muscle afferents. 3. Secondary spindle afferents ... cutaneous afferents and joint afferents. It is postulated that these group II EPSPs are mediated by an interneuronal pathway ... Reflex path-ways from group II muscle afferents. 2. Functional characteristics of reflex pathways to α-motoneurones. Exp Brain ...https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF00236299
Bypassing Spinal Cord Injury: Surgical Reconstruction of Afferent and Efferent Pathways to the Urinary Bladder after Conus...
Both afferent and efferent nerve pathways in the atonic bladder can be reconstructed by suprasacral motor-to-motor and sensory- ... Bypassing Spinal Cord Injury: Surgical Reconstruction of Afferent and Efferent Pathways to the Urinary Bladder after Conus ... Afferent and efferent nerve function in the atonic bladder caused by conus medullaris injury in a rat model was established by ...https://insights.ovid.com/jrecm/200824080/00005292-200824080-00007
Afferent visual pathway affection in patients with PMP22 deletion-related hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure...
Afferent visual pathway affection in patients with PMP22 deletion-related hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure ... Afferent visual pathway affection in patients with PMP22 deletion-related hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure ... The objective of this study was to identify potential structural and functional alterations in the afferent visual system in ... CONCLUSION: PMP22 deletion leads to functional, metabolic and macro-structural alterations in the afferent visual system of ...http://edoc.mdc-berlin.de/16065/
Frontiers | Heart rate variability biofeedback: how and why does it work? | Psychology
... the effect on the vagal afferent pathway to the frontal cortical areas has been proposed. In this article, we review these and ... the effect on the vagal afferent pathway to the frontal cortical areas has been proposed. In this article, we review these and ... The Vagal Afferent Pathway. Several studies have reported that HRVB might be effective in reducing symptoms of depression and/ ... It is known that the vagal afferent pathways affect brain areas known to be involved in affect regulation and mood (locus ...https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00756/full
Fast Food, Central Nervous System Insulin Resistance, and Obesity | Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
The Afferent Pathway. Alimentary Tract-Derived Afferent Signals Ghrelin, a 28-amino acid octanoylated peptide hormone first ... Figure 1. Afferent (gray), central (black), and efferent (white) pathways in the regulation of energy balance. The hormones ... Insulin is part of both the afferent and efferent pathway; unraveling its dual role provides valuable insights into the ... receives afferent hormonal and neural signals related to energy balance, fat stores, and satiety. The main afferent signals ...http://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/25/12/2451.full
Frontiers | Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors as Novel Therapeutic Targets on Visceral Sensory Pathways | Neuroscience
There are many unanswered questions about mGluR along visceral afferent pathways, the answers to which may reveal many more ... The focus here is on mGluR in sensory pathways from the viscera, where they have been explored as therapeutic targets. Group I ... Many inhibitory mGluR are also expressed in visceral afferents, many of which markedly reduce excitability. Their role in ... Many inhibitory mGluR are also expressed in visceral afferents, many of which markedly reduce excitability. Their role in ...https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnins.2011.00040/full
Functional elimination of afferen... preview & related info | Mendeley
... a marked decrease in the number of afferent pathways i... ... a marked decrease in the number of afferent pathways ... Functional elimination of afferent pathways and decreased safety factor during postembryonic development of cockroach giant ... From analysis of the mechanisms underlying the elimination of functional afferent pathways and the appearance of low safety ... Spira, M. E., & Yarom, Y. (1983). Functional elimination of afferent pathways and decreased safety factor during postembryonic ...https://www.mendeley.com/papers/functional-elimination-afferent-pathways-decreased-safety-factor-during-postembryonic-development-co/
Afferent fiber - definition of afferent fiber by The Free Dictionary
afferent fiber synonyms, afferent fiber pronunciation, afferent fiber translation, English dictionary definition of afferent ... Noun 1. afferent fiber - a nerve fiber that carries impulses toward the central nervous system sensory fiber nerve fiber, nerve ... afferent fiber. Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia.. Related to afferent fiber: afferent pathway ... Somatosympathetic reflexes: afferent fibers, central pathways, discharge characteristics.. Inclusion of height and limb length ...https://www.thefreedictionary.com/afferent+fiber
AUTONOMIC HYPERREFLEXIA AND ITS CONTROL IN PATIENTS WITH SPINAL CORD LESIONS* | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College...
A diagrammatic sketch of the tracts concerned is shown in figure 1. Afferent pathways are ...http://annals.org/aim/article/676189/autonomic-hyperreflexia-its-control-patients-spinal-cord-lesions
Review. The conditioned immune response | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
a) Afferent pathways: how the central nervous system receives signals from the peripheral immune system. It is as yet not ... Two possible pathways have been proposed: a systemic or humoral pathway and a neural pathway. For the systemic or humoral ... The efferent and afferent communication pathways employed by the CNS and the peripheral immune system as well as the central ... 2005 Activation in vagal afferents and central autonomic pathways: early responses to intestinal infection with Campylobacter ...http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/366/1572/1799
PEN TORCH by opto shosho on Prezi
AFFERANT PATHWAY DEFECTS. It is the paradoxical response of a pupil to light in the presence of a relative afferent pathway ... The afferent pathway. The efferent pathway:. The Light Reflex. The light reflex consist of simultaneous and equal constriction ... AFFERANT PATHWAY DEFECTS. TOTAL AFFERENT PATHWAY DEFECT (TAPD) OR AMAUROTIC PUPIL. Caused by a complete optic nerve or retinal ... Afferent pathway defects.. Efferent pathway defects. Abnormalities of pupillary reflexes.. Swinging Flashlight Test.. BY: Myada ...https://prezi.com/qpoa5_gkfyot/pen-torch/
Transfer function analysis from arterial baroreceptor afferent activity to renal nerve activity in rabbits.
Afferent Pathways / physiology. Animals. Aorta / innervation. Arteries / innervation*. Electrophysiology. Fourier Analysis. ... Our results suggest that over 0.02-0.3 Hz the relationship between arterial baroreceptor afferent nerve activity and RNA is ...http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Transfer-function-analysis-from-arterial/8304519.html
Neural mechanism and clinical significance of the plantar grasp reflex in infants.
Afferent Pathways / physiology. Animals. Child Development / physiology*. Hand Strength / physiology*. Humans. Infant. Infant, ...http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Neural-Mechanism-Clinical-Significance-Plantar/20610116.html
Neuroanesthesia Flashcards by Tulip 549 | Brainscape
Which afferent pathways are involved in the oculocardiac reflex? Ciliary nerves go to ciliary ganglion behind the orbit, and ... afferent: trigeminal. efferent: vagal. The first step in treatment is to eliminate the offending stimulus, followed by ... The afferent and efferent branches of the oculocardiac reflex include which two nerves respectively? ... T- bradycardia is often seen because the only intact efferent component of the baroreflex pathways in quadriplegic patients is ...https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/neuroanesthesia-1676013/packs/1922944
Afferent neuron | definition of afferent neuron by Medical dictionary
... afferent neuron explanation free. What is afferent neuron? Meaning of afferent neuron medical term. What does afferent neuron ... Looking for online definition of afferent neuron in the Medical Dictionary? ... Related to afferent neuron: afferent pathway. afferent neuron. A neuron that conducts sensory impulses toward the brain or ... 15] These afferent neurons are CGRP-immunoreactive, and are believed to mediate the spinal reflex pathways to the sympathetic ...https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/afferent+neuron
Somatosensory System Anatomy: Overview, Gross Anatomy, Microscopic Anatomy
Brodal A. The Somatic Afferent Pathways. Neurological Anatomy. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 1969. 31-116. ... Their capsule surrounds an afferent Ib nerve fiber. Ib afferents fire when the tendon is stretched. Ib fibers project ... Sensory innervation is provided by primary and secondary afferents. Primary afferents are derived from Ia nerve fibers and wrap ... Primary and secondary afferents synapse on alpha motoneurons at the level of the spinal cord and modulate the activity of the ...https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1948621-overview
Respiratory Physiology MGL8
Afferent pathways - glossopharyngeal (carotid body) and vagus *Effect - Hyperpnea, bronchoconstriction *Arterial Baroreceptors ... This suggests that afferent information, from the vagus nerves (and possibly the spinal cord) may be important in preventing ... The nucleus of the tractus solitarius is a primary projection site of visceral afferents from the 9th and 10th cranial nerves, ... The location of the DRG within this tract suggests that the DRG may function to integrate afferent information for the control ...http://www.medschool.lsuhsc.edu/physiology/courses_respiratory_mgl8.aspx
1998) Afferent pathways of pyrogen signaling. Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 856:95-107. ... It is well established that LPS very rapidly activates the C cascade (52). Lipid A initiates the classical pathway, and the ... 32], it is conceivable that vagal afferents originating in the liver may convey their released pyrogenic messages to the brain ... 1998) Bacterial endotoxin induces Fos immunoreactivity in primary afferent neurons of the vagus nerve. Neuroimmunomodulation 5: ...http://ajpregu.physiology.org/content/277/6/R1635
Afferent Nerve Fiber | Article about Afferent Nerve Fiber by The Free Dictionary
Find out information about Afferent Nerve Fiber. also centripetal, or sensory, fiber, the nerve cell outgrowth, or axon, that ... together with its membrane transmits excitation from the external and internal... Explanation of Afferent Nerve Fiber ... Related to Afferent Nerve Fiber: afferent pathway. Afferent Nerve Fiber. also centripetal, or sensory, fiber, the nerve cell ... The afferent nerve fibers that constitute the afferent nerves are subdivided into groups corresponding to the particular ...http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Afferent+Nerve+Fiber
TrkB as a Potential Synaptic and Behavioral Tag | Journal of Neuroscience
5A, 6D). When one afferent pathway (S1) to a specific population of CA1 neurons is activated by strong tetanic stimulation, ... 5C) (106 ± 2%). However, when one afferent pathway (e.g., S1) was activated by strong stimulation (12TBS), weak stimulation ( ... A, Two-pathway recording scheme. Two independent Schafer collateral pathways that project to the same CA1 neurons were ... Transient inhibition of TrkB around the time of weak TBS to the second pathway diminished L-LTP in that pathway without ...http://www.jneurosci.org/content/31/33/11762.long
Cellular/molecular Physiology And Neurophysiology Flashcards by Ashley Hagen | Brainscape
... afferent pathway, integrating center, efferent pathway, and effector. The reflex for minimizing the decrease in body ... Contrast Pyramidal from Extrapyramidal pathways; explain the importance and the function of the Extrapyramidal pathways. Why ... Describe pain pathways, Nociceptors, and the mechanisms of pain sensation and blockage ... Design and illustrate a multi-enzyme pathway, controlled via negative feedback inhibition ...https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/cellular-molecular-physiology-and-neuroph-3253929/packs/5145992
Asymmetric Excitatory Synaptic Dynamics Underlie Interaural Time Difference Processing in the Auditory System
Comparison with afferent pathways. J Neurophysiol. 1998;79:253-269. [PubMed]. 16. Heffner R. S, Heffner H. E. Sound ... When the pathways are activated asynchronously, the MSO neurons do not respond. Thus, an ITD response function is the ... When both excitatory pathways are activated within a narrow time window, the MSO neuron detects the coincident excitatory ... We first confirmed the presence of an internal delay of the longer contralateral pathway (Figure 1B). In itself, this would ...http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2893945/
Negative Feedback - Homeostasis? - Biology-Online
4. Afferent pathway 5. Efferent pathway 3 characteristics of negative feedback: 1. Primary mechanism for homeostatic regulation ...https://www.biology-online.org/biology-forum/viewtopic.php?t=260