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*  Acute effect of electroacupuncture at the Zusanli acupoints on decreasing insulin resistance as shown by lowering plasma free...
In adipose tissue, excess glucocorticoids lead to lipolysis, releasing FFAs and inducing insulin resistance [9, 10] by ... but mainly increase hepatic gluconeogenesis and inhibit peripheral glucose uptake in both muscle and adipose tissues. ... Most patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) exhibit tissue insensitivity to insulin [5]. This disorder is related to ...
https://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6882-9-26
*  Vagal Hyperactivity Due to Ventromedial Hypothalamic Lesions Increases Adiponectin Production and Release | Diabetes
6B) adipose tissues. In contrast, subdiaphragmatic vagotomy did not affect adiponectin production in both adipose tissues (Fig ... measured adipose tissue adiponectin by Western blot analysis. A.S. conducted histological examinations of adipose tissues. H.K ... adiponectin production was significantly higher in visceral adipose tissue than in subcutaneous adipose tissue of VMH-lesioned ... abundant circulating protein produced almost exclusively in adipose tissue and especially in human visceral adipose tissue (2,7 ...
http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/63/5/1637.full
*  Dietary conjugated linoleic acid differentially alters fatty acid composition and increases conjugated linoleic acid content in...
activity of Δ5-, Δ6- and Δ9-desaturases in pig adipose tissue. In conclusion, feeding pigs diets supplemented with CLA ... In general, CLA supplementation produced significant changes in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue fatty acid composition, ... Twelve CLA isomers in the diet and in pig tissue lipids were separated by Agþ-HPLC. CLA was incorporated at fivefold higher ... dietary CLA supplementation has any effect on the fatty acid composition of subcutaneous and intramuscular adipose tissue in ...
http://dro.deakin.edu.au/view/DU:30008576
*  Invariant natural killer T cells in adipose tissue: novel regulators of immune-mediated metabolic disease | SpringerLink
Adipose tissue (AT) represents a microenvironment where intersection takes place between immune processes and metabolic ... Mathis D (2013) Immunological goings-on in visceral adipose tissue. Cell Metab 17(6):851-859. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2013.05.008 ... Lynch L, Nowak M, Varghese B, Clark J, Hogan AE, Toxavidis V, Balk SP, O'Shea D, O'Farrelly C, Exley MA (2012) Adipose tissue ... Invariant natural killer T cells Insulin resistance Obesity Type II diabetes Adipose tissue Immune regulation ...
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00018-013-1414-1
*  Adipose Tissue Hypoxia in Obesity and Its Impact on Preadipocytes and Macrophages: Hypoxia Hypothesis | SpringerLink
Obese subjects exhibit lower adipose tissue oxygen consumption in accordance with the lower adipose tissue blood flow. Thus, ... Macrophage infiltration into adipose tissue may promote angiogenesis for adipose tissue remodeling in obesity. American Journal ... Obese subjects exhibit lower adipose tissue oxygen consumption in accordance with the lower adipose tissue blood flow. Thus, ... Hypoxia in adipose tissue: A basis for the dysregulation of tissue function in obesity? The British Journal of Nutrition 100: ...
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-48382-5_13
*  Targeting white, brown and perivascular adipose tissue in atherosclerosis development
Adipose tissue comprises various depots including white adipose tissue (WAT), brown adipose tissue (BAT) and thoracic and ... in which atherosclerosis is promoted by energy-storing adipose depots and attenuated by energy-combusting adipose tissue. In ... Here, we review the distinct roles of the adipose tissue depots in the development of atherosclerosis with the ultimate aim to ... However, the mechanistic link between accumulation of adipose tissue and development of atherosclerosis is not clear. ...
https://insights.ovid.com/pubmed?PMID=28347739
*  Vitamin D and Dysfunctional Adipose Tissue in Obesity (Authors' Reply)
Edita Stokic; Aleksandar Kupusinac; Dragana Tomic-Naglic; Dragana Smiljenic; Branka Kovacev-Zavisic; Biljana Srdic-Galic; Sanja Soskic; Esma R. Isenovic + Author Information ...
https://insights.ovid.com/pubmed?PMID=28142252
*  Characterization of Immune Cells in Human Adipose Tissue by Using Flow Cytometry | Protocol
This article describes a method to analyze immune cell content of adipose tissue by isolation of immune cells from adipose ... This article describes a method to analyze immune cell content of adipose tissue by isolation of immune cells from adipose ... Isolation of Adipose Tissue Immune Cells. Published 5/22/2013. Analysis of Pulmonary Dendritic Cell Maturation and Migration ... Characterization of Immune Cells in Human Adipose Tissue by Using Flow Cytometry. Suzan Wetzels*1,2,3, Mitchell Bijnen*1,2, ...
https://www.jove.com/video/57319/characterization-immune-cells-human-adipose-tissue-using-flow
*  Adipose Tissue Macrophages: A Piece of the PAI of Metabolic Syndrome | Science Translational Medicine
Adipose Tissue Macrophages: A Piece of the PAI of Metabolic Syndrome Message Subject. (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you ... Citation: C. N. Lumeng, Adipose tissue macrophages: A piece of the PAI of metabolic syndrome. Sci. Transl. Med. 2, 20ps7 (2010 ... Adipose tissue macrophages may link cardiovascular disease and diabetes via the dynamic production of plasminogen activator ... Adipose tissue macrophages may link cardiovascular disease and diabetes via the dynamic production of plasminogen activator ...
http://stm.sciencemag.org/content/2/20/20ps7
*  Content of Trans Fatty Acids in Human Cheek Epithelium: Comparison with Serum and Adipose Tissue
and between cheek epithelium and adipose tissue was 0.33 (. ). This study is the first to report trans fatty acid profile in ... Content of Trans Fatty Acids in Human Cheek Epithelium: Comparison with Serum and Adipose Tissue. Ransi A. Abraham,1 Vinay K. ... In this cross-sectional study, fatty acid in adipose tissue, cheek epithelium, and blood samples were assessed by gas ... Spearman correlation coefficient was computed to study the correlation of fatty acid distribution among the three tissues. The ...
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2013/276174/abs/
*  Human Adipose Tissue Macrophages Are Enhanced but Changed to an Anti-Inflammatory Profile in Obesity
... Karen Fjeldborg,1 Steen B ... Adipose tissue (AT) macrophages are increased in obesity and associated with low grade inflammation. We aimed to characterize ...
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jir/2014/309548/abs/
*  Content of Trans Fatty Acids in Human Cheek Epithelium: Comparison with Serum and Adipose Tissue
Comparison of cheek epithelium and adipose tissue showed significant correlation for TTFA (. ), TSFA (. , ), and TMUFA (. , ). ... Adipose tissue has been widely accepted as a tissue of choice to study trans fatty acid as they reflect long-term storage while ... Saturated fatty acid was the most abundant fatty acid across all three tissues. Adipose tissue and serum were richer in cis ... adipose tissue, and serum were isolated by Folch method [14]. Briefly, cheek epithelium and adipose were sonicated for 30 ...
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2013/276174/
*  Microarray Evidences the Role of Pathologic Adipose Tissue in Insulin Resistance and Their Clinical Implications
They are: (1) transcriptomic differences between various depots of adipose tissue, adipose tissue from obese versus lean ... and subcutaneous adipose tissue gene expression profile. They find that adipose tissue macrophages and adipocytes show distinct ... SAA is secreted by adipose tissue and is acute phase protein implicated in insulin resistance, adipose tissue macrophage ... "T-lymphocyte infiltration in visceral adipose tissue: a primary event in adipose tissue inflammation and the development of ...
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2011/587495/
*  Frontiers | Depot-Specific Adipose Tissue Metabolite Profiles and Corresponding Changes Following Aerobic Exercise |...
... visceral and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (AT) depots have distinct associations with cardiometabolic health; however ... visceral and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (AT) depots have distinct associations with cardiometabolic health; however ... Visceral adipose tissue but not subcutaneous adipose tissue is associated with urine and serum metabolites. PloS ONE (2017) 12: ... Depot-Specific Adipose Tissue Metabolite Profiles and Corresponding Changes Following Aerobic Exercise. Andrea M. Brennan1, ...
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fendo.2018.00759/full
*  Brown Adipose Tissue Improves Whole-Body Glucose Homeostasis and Insulin Sensitivity in Humans | Diabetes
Brown Adipose Tissue Improves Whole-Body Glucose Homeostasis and Insulin Sensitivity in Humans. ... Brown Adipose Tissue Improves Whole-Body Glucose Homeostasis and Insulin Sensitivity in Humans ... Brown Adipose Tissue Improves Whole-Body Glucose Homeostasis and Insulin Sensitivity in Humans ... Brown Adipose Tissue Improves Whole-Body Glucose Homeostasis and Insulin Sensitivity in Humans ...
http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/63/12/4089.article-info
*  Adipose Tissue α-Linolenic Acid and Nonfatal Acute Myocardial Infarction in Costa Rica | Circulation
Adipose tissue α-linolenic acid was 2-fold higher in the highest than in the lowest quintile. The difference in adipose tissue ... We tested for the statistical significance of interactions between adipose tissue α-linolenic acid and total adipose tissue ... and to investigate whether nutrients not measured in adipose tissue could confound the association between adipose tissue α- ... Adipose Tissue α-Linolenic Acid and Nonfatal Acute Myocardial Infarction in Costa Rica. Ana Baylin, Edmond K. Kabagambe, ...
http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/107/12/1586
*  Regulation by Insulin of Gene Expression in Human Skeletal Muscle and Adipose Tissue | Diabetes
In muscle, the expression of hexokinase II was decreased in type 2 diabetic patients (P , 0.01). In adipose tissue, SREBP-1c (P ... Regulation by Insulin of Gene Expression in Human Skeletal Muscle and Adipose Tissue. Evidence for Specific Defects in Type 2 ... Regulation by Insulin of Gene Expression in Human Skeletal Muscle and Adipose Tissue ... Regulation by Insulin of Gene Expression in Human Skeletal Muscle and Adipose Tissue ...
http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/50/5/1134.short
*  Frontiers | TGF-β/Smad3 Signaling Regulates Brown Adipocyte Induction in White Adipose Tissue | Endocrinology
Brown Adipocyte Induction in White Adipose Tissue. Brown adipocytes are also found interspersed within the white adipose tissue ... the white adipose tissue accumulates fat in the form of triglycerides, whilst brown adipose tissue has the potential stimulate ... Induction of UCP1 expression in white adipose tissue, but not in classic interscapular brown adipose tissue, is dependent on ... Loncar, D. (1991). Convertible adipose tissue in mice. Cell Tissue Res. 266, 149-161. ...
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fendo.2012.00035/full
*  DHA Reduces Monocyte Inflammatory Signalling and NF-kappaB Activation in White Adipose Tissue
... Study Abstract. OBJECTIVE: ... Obesity is associated with monocyte-macrophage accumulation in adipose tissue. Previously, we showed that glucose-stimulated ...
https://www.wellnessresources.com/studies/dha-reduces-monocyte-inflammatory-signalling-and-nf-kappab-activation-in-wh
*  Metabolic activity of brown adipose tissue easier to verify with new method
Brown adipose tissue has played a key role in prevention research since its presence was first documented in adults. However, ... Metabolic activity of brown adipose tissue easier to verify with new method. March 13, 2018, Technical University Munich ... Brown adipose tissue has played a key role in prevention research since its presence was first documented in adults. However, ... Omega-3 fatty acids stimulate brown adipose tissue metabolism. November 22, 2016 Omega-3 fatty acids are able to stimulate the ...
https://phys.org/news/2018-03-metabolic-brown-adipose-tissue-easier.html
*  Environmental temperature effects on adipose tissue growth in a hibernator | Journal of Experimental Biology
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is important for thermogenesis during arousals from hibernation, whereas white adipose tissue (WAT) ... Environmental temperature effects on adipose tissue growth in a hibernator Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message ... Environmental temperature effects on adipose tissue growth in a hibernator. Amanda D. V. MacCannell, Kevin J. Sinclair, Charles ... Environmental temperature effects on adipose tissue growth in a hibernator. Amanda D. V. MacCannell, Kevin J. Sinclair, Charles ...
http://jeb.biologists.org/content/222/3/jeb194548
*  GLP-1 Agonism Stimulates Brown Adipose Tissue Thermogenesis and Browning Through Hypothalamic AMPK | Diabetes
Impaired Glucocorticoid Suppression of TGFβ Signaling in Human Omental Adipose Tissues Limits Adipogenesis and May Promote ... GLP-1 Agonism Stimulates Brown Adipose Tissue Thermogenesis and Browning Through Hypothalamic AMPK ... GLP-1 Agonism Stimulates Brown Adipose Tissue Thermogenesis and Browning Through Hypothalamic AMPK ... GLP-1 Agonism Stimulates Brown Adipose Tissue Thermogenesis and Browning Through Hypothalamic AMPK ...
http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2014/05/02/db14-0302.supplemental
*  Complement Factor H is expressed in adipose tissue in association with insulin resistance | Diabetes
To study the associations between circulating and adipose tissue gene expressions of CFH and complement factor B (fB; CFB) with ... CFH and CFB gene expressions were evaluated in 76 adipose tissue samples, in isolated adipocytes and stromo-vascular cells (SVC ... For the first time, CFH gene expression was detected in human adipose tissue (significantly increased in subcutaneous compared ... Complement Factor H is expressed in adipose tissue in association with insulin resistance ...
http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2009/10/14/db09-0700
*  Brown Adipose Tissue Improves Whole Body Glucose Homeostasis and Insulin Sensitivity in Humans | Diabetes
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) has attracted scientific interest as an anti-diabetic tissue owning to its ability to dissipate ... Brown Adipose Tissue Improves Whole Body Glucose Homeostasis and Insulin Sensitivity in Humans ... Brown Adipose Tissue Improves Whole Body Glucose Homeostasis and Insulin Sensitivity in Humans ... Brown Adipose Tissue Improves Whole Body Glucose Homeostasis and Insulin Sensitivity in Humans ...
http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2014/07/15/db14-0746
*  The effect of 2,4-dinitrophenol on adipose-tissue metabolism | Biochemical Journal
The effect of 2,4-dinitrophenol on adipose-tissue metabolism Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from ... The effect of 2,4-dinitrophenol on adipose-tissue metabolism. Robert Rognstad, Joseph Katz ... 5. Our results are interpreted to indicate the absence from adipose tissue of the α-glycerophosphate shuttle for transferring ...
http://www.biochemj.org/content/111/4/431