[email protected] ---------------------------------------------------------------------------. By the congress Childhood during World War II - a Comparative Perspective the Hannah-Arendt-Institute and the Chair for History Didactics of the University of Leipzig deal with a multi-faceted and promising topical complex. Increasingly since the 1990s - by applying methods of qualitative research, among others - historians, psycho-analysts, sociologists, educationalists and literary scientists have been dealing with the reports and experiences of the generation of war children. This holds for almost all states in Europe. The congress is meant to discuss and, most of all, bring together newly gained insights on the topic. This way an attempt is made to internationalise the history of children during World War II which, for the time being, has mainly been told from the point of view of the respective national states. During World War II, children on all sides became victims. ...
This study investigated the impact of violent experiences during childhood, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and appetitive aggression on everyday violent behavior in Burundian females with varying participation in war. Moreover, group differences in trauma-related and aggression variables were expected. Appetitive aggression describes the perception of violence perpetration as fascinating and appealing and is a common phenomenon in former combatants. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 157 females, either former combatants, supporters of armed forces or civilians during the civil war in Burundi. The PTSD Symptom Scale Interview was used to assess PTSD symptom severity, the Appetitive Aggression Scale to measure appetitive aggression and the Domestic and Community Violence Checklist to assess both childhood maltreatment and recent aggressive behavior. Former combatants had experienced more traumatic events, perpetrated more violence and reported higher levels of appetitive aggression than
Major Alliances during World War II There were two major alliances during World War II: the Axis and the Allies. The three principal partners in the Axis alliance were Germany, Italy, and Japan. These three countries recognized German domination over most of continental Europe; Italian domination over the Mediterranean Sea; and Japanese domination over East Asia and the Pacific. The Allied Powers were led by Great Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union. Formation of the Axis Alliance Although the Axis partners never developed institutions to coordinate foreign or military policy as the Allies did, the Axis partners had two common interests: 1) territorial expansion and foundation of empires based on military conquest and the overthrow of the post-World War I international order; and 2) the destruction or neutralization of Soviet Communism. On November 1, 1936, Germany and Italy, reflecting their common interest in destabilizing the European order, announced a Rome-Berlin Axis one week ...
WORLD WAR II AND THE ENDING OF THE DEPRESSIONWorld War II had a profound and multifaceted impact on the American economy. Most obviously, it lifted the nation out of the Great Depression of the 1930s. Source for information on World War II and the Ending of the Depression: Encyclopedia of the Great Depression dictionary.
This thesis explores the dingbat apartment, a building type that proliferated in Los Angeles between 1957 and 1964. Following an established tradition of low-rise multi-family residential buildings, the dingbat emerged as an affordable and accessible housing solution for the citys unrelenting population growth and rising land values in the decade after World War II. A variety of speculative developers took advantage of zoning regulations, financial incentives, and innovative building materials and techniques to create formulaic, yet individualistic modern buildings that were easily produced and quickly consumed. The success of these developers would forever alter the built environment of Los Angeles, and this thesis examines the economic, social, cultural, and political factors that both encouraged and eventually ended the widespread development of the dingbat apartment ...
6/12/2006 • Gear, World War II The full contribution of intelligence to the winning of World War II is clear only now, nearly sixty years after that conflict. Over the intervening decades it has been discovered that throughout the war the intelligence services of the Western powers (particularly the British) intercepted, broke, and read significant portions of the German militarys top-secret message traffic. That cryptographic intelligence, disseminated to Allied commanders under the code name Ultra, played a significant role in the effort to defeat the Germans and achieve an Allied victory.. The breaking of the high-level German codes began with the efforts of the Polish secret service in the interwar period. By creating a copy of the basic German enciphering machine, the Poles managed to read German signal traffic throughout the 1930s with varying degrees of success. However, shortly before the Munich conference in September 1938, the Germans made alterations to their enciphering ...
[email protected] World War II Veteran Honors Citrus College Counselor for Military and Community Service Glendora, Calif. (July 2, 2019) - Citrus College alumnus and current academic counselor David Rodriguez recently received the Carl Harstine Patriot Award for his military service and contributions to the Citrus College Veterans Success Center. In a touching ceremony facilitated by Americas Christian Credit Union and hosted by Citrus College, Mr. Rodriguez was presented with the award by Carl Harstine, a soon-to-be 94-year-old World War II U.S. Marine Corps veteran and current resident of Glendora. Mr. Harstine shared his experiences about surviving combat in the South Pacific before commending Mr. Rodriguez for his military service and commitment to the student veterans at Citrus College. Mr. Rodriguez, who became an academic counselor to help students reach their educational, personal and career goals, was unaware that he had been nominated for the award until a few weeks before ...
Military awards of World War II were presented by most of the combatants. The following is from the article World War II, removed from that article for clarity, and represents an incomplete list of some of the awards. Hero of the Soviet Union Order of Lenin Order of Victory Order of the Red...
Start Over You searched for: Languages English ✖Remove constraint Languages: English Subjects World War II ✖Remove constraint Subjects: World War II Subjects Military Nursing -- manpower ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Military Nursing -- manpower Genre Posters ✖Remove constraint Genre: Posters Publication Year 1943 ✖Remove constraint Publication Year: 1943 ...
Observer correspondent. I always thought if we went down, it would be on a bomb run in a tremendous barrage, but we hadnt even reached our target when it happened, recounted World War II B-17 airplane pilot J. Francis Angier. I saw flak bursting ahead about eight or 10 miles, and I was starting to bank left when a barrage got us. There was about 1,500 gallons of gasoline in the wing, and the plane was on fire. I knew I couldnt save it, and, eventually, the explosion blew me out of the plane.. The 84-year-old Williston resident thought for a minute, reliving the harrowing experience as he shared his story in the Dorothy Alling Library on Saturday as part of a nationwide collection of World War II veterans stories.. When the plane exploded, it was falling tail first, so all the debris fell with me and around me. If I opened my parachute, it would have caught fire, or caught some debris and been dragged down. So I fell all the way down til I couldnt go any further. I went through a little ...
Casualties in World War II are notoriously difficult to calculate; while the Americans, British, Canadians and Germans gave their soldiers identification tags, The Soviets, Japanese, Italians and other combatants often did not. Add to that the huge numbers of irregular forces without any identification, or nom de guerre, and its almost impossible to generate accurate numbers. Some historian will someday do a complete, funded study of casualties, but for now, here is an estimated number of casualties to give the reader some idea of the level of human destruction. Since this page went live in 2000, some estimates have raised the number of dead from 35 million to 50 million. Current thought affords 72 million casualties worldwide, but not all sources agree with that conclusion. There are a number of errors in the document; I will endeavor to correct them as soon as I can. As I just wrote, accurate casualty analysis of even the United States, which not only documented its army extensively and ...
See Shooting War: World War II Combat Cameramens production, company, and contact information. Explore Shooting War: World War II Combat Cameramens box office performance, follow development, and track popularity with MOVIEmeter. IMDbPro - The essential resource for entertainment professionals.
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WORLD WAR II (UK) i Tidningsarkivet. Ett digitalt arkiv för svenska tidningar och tidskrifter. Här finns bland annat omslag och innehållstexter för WORLD WAR II (UK).
In 1919, Alice Hamilton-who became Harvards first female professor that same year-documented starvation and disease in post-World War I Germany.
World War II (WW II) drove a vast increase in production, militarized the production and transportation of commodity, while introduced many new environmental consequences, which can still be seen today. World War II was wide ranging in its human, animals, and material destruction. The postwar effects of World War II, both ecological and social, are still visible decades after the conflict. During World War II, advanced technology was used to create aircraft, which were used in air raids. Aircraft during the war were used for transporting resources from different military bases and dropping bombs. These activities damaged habitats.[6] Similar to wildlife, ecosystems also suffer from the production of the noise pollution from military aircraft. During World War II, aircraft acted as a vector for the transportation of exotics whereby weeds and cultivated species were bought to oceanic island ecosystems by way of aircraft landing strips used for refueling and staging station during operations in the ...
WHEREAS, pursuant to Executive Order No. 107 (2004), a World War II Memorial Commission (Commission) was established in, but not of, the Department of Military and Veterans Affairs to continue the work of the World War II Veterans Memorial Advisory Commission, formed pursuant to P.L. 1999, Joint Resolution No. 14, which was to make recommendations regarding the location and design of New Jerseys World War II Memorial; and. WHEREAS, the Legislature authorized the Commission and the Adjutant General to raise funds for this project; and. WHEREAS, the Commission continues to develop this Memorial and raise funds; and. WHEREAS, the men and women who served our nation during World War II displayed courage and dedication to the highest principles and goals, and a memorial honoring these men and women is a worthy tribute and an acknowledgement of their sacrifices and bravery; and. WHEREAS, World War II veterans endured great risks, hardships, and deprivations while defending our country; ...
KYUSHU, Japan (PRWEB) April 06, 2015 -- Author Hana da Yumikos parents saw the Japan of pre- and post-World War II. She heard the accounts of the challenges
Hardback, 50. Medicine and Victory: British Military Medicine in the Second World War is an important and archivally well-grounded study at the intersection of military and medical history that points to a marked improvement in the provision of British medical care during the course of the conflict. Defeat in the early years of the war led to many problems. The level of care available in the field was affected by the disruption attendant on defeat and rapid retreat. In no theatre of the war, however, did the medical services suffer a complete collapse. The planning of medical arrangements left much to be desired, as in Norway and Malaya, but there was no need for commissions of inquiry, such as those which followed the campaigns in Gallipoli and Mesopotamia during World War One. Harrison argues that, although the early campaigns of World War Two permitted little in the way of innovation, they at least provided some valuable experience. During the campaigns in Norway and France, it became ...
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The use of the atomic bomb in World War II was a horrifying site. Although the use of the first bomb on Hiroshima may be justified the use of the second bomb...
Scrapbook compiled by Fishers mother, Vanchie, about her sons experience in the Army during WWII. The scrapbook is made up primarily of letters from Fisher to his parents, which were written from December 1942 until October 1945, with the bulk of the letters occurring between January 1943 and August 1945. The letters content is primarily discussion about family matters, events in Muncie and news about Fisher in the military. Other materials included in the collection are mementos sent home by Fisher that were not fastened to the scrapbook, inserts from envelops containing allotment checks and newspaper clippings Joseph had sent home ...
World War II Online is a Massively Multiplayer Online First Person Shooter based in Western Europe between 1939 and 1943. Through land, sea, and air combat using a ultra-realistic game engine, combined with a strategic layer, in the largest game world ever created - We offer the best WWII simulation experience around. ...
World War II Online is a Massively Multiplayer Online First Person Shooter based in Western Europe between 1939 and 1943. Through land, sea, and air combat using a ultra-realistic game engine, combined with a strategic layer, in the largest game world ever created - We offer the best WWII simulation experience around. ...
Our Finest Hour: The Triumphant Spirit of Americas World War II Generation- Published by LIFE, 2001. Extraordinary photographs during WWII from going to war to coming home and every aspect in between. 192 pages.
CHARLOTTE, N.C. (FOX 46 CHARLOTTE) - A 101-year-old World War II veteran is making sure he has no regrets. Hes on a mission to travel all 50 states, reminding people of the dwindling number of WWII vets.
Yankees legend Joe DiMaggio held a defective attitude toward military service during his World War II stint, U.S. Army documents published Tuesday by The...
Unlike in most European countries occupied by Nazi Germany-where the Germans sought and found true collaborators among the locals-in occupied Poland there was no official collaboration either at the political or at the economic level.[71][72] Poland also never officially surrendered to the Germans.[73] Under German occupation, the Polish army continued to fight underground, as Armia Krajowa and forest partisans - Leśni. The Polish resistance movement in World War II in German-occupied Poland was the largest resistance movement in all of occupied Europe.[74] As a result, Polish citizens were unlikely to be given positions of any significant authority.[71][72] The vast majority of the pre-war citizenry collaborating with the Nazis was the German minority in Poland which was offered one of several possible grades of German citizenship.[75] In 1939, before the German invasion of Poland, 800,000 people declared themselves as members of the German minority in Poland mostly in Pomerania and Western ...
defeated Nazi Germany long before the US was able to get geared up to participate in the war. The Normandy invasion most certainly did not defeat Nazi Germany. What the Normandy invasion did was to prevent the Red Army from overrunning all of Europe.. As I have reported in a number of columns, many, if not most, Americans have beliefs that are not fact-based, but instead are emotion-based. So I knew that at least one person would go berserk, and he did. JD from Texas wrote to set me straight. No one but our American boys won that war. JD didnt know that the Russians were even in the war. JD had the option of consulting an encyclopedia or a history book or going online and consulting Wikipedia prior to making a fool of himself. But he chose instead to unload on me. JD epitomizes US foreign policy: rush into every fight that you know nothing about and start new ones hand over fist that someone else will win.. It occurred to me that World War II was so long ago that few are alive who remember ...
The German Occupation produced a landscape of destruction in Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, and Lithuania; the loss of human life, cities in ruins, and burned villages testified to the brutality of war and genocide. The establishment of a new geopolitical order based on the Yalta Agreement drastically redefined Polands borders and led to new violence in Central and Eastern Europe. The aftermath of World War II in the region included the expansion of Soviet power, mass population transfers, continuing social disintegration, ongoing (para)military violence, and unending inter-ethnic conflicts. Moreover, following the defeat of Nazi Germany by the Soviet Army, police forces, secret service agents, and military troops worked diligently to (re)establish communist rule in the region ...
PubMed journal article Risk of selected cardiovascular diseases and posttraumatic stress disorder among former World War II prisoners of wa were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
The Nazis werent the only ones stealing historic works of art during World War II. American soldiers also looted artwork, albeit on a much smaller scale. Now five of those pieces have been returned to the owner or their heirs, with another being returned from a Paris museum.
For the nations who were deeply involved in World War II, the war effort was total, with women volunteering in huge numbers alongside men. At home, women filled traditionally male positions, taking both active and supporting positions in factories, government organizations, military auxiliaries, resistance groups, and more. While relatively few women were at the front lines as combatants, many found themselves the victims of bombing campaigns and invading armies. By the end of the war, more than 2 million women had worked in war industries. Hundreds of thousands had volunteered as nurses or members of home defense units, or as full-time members of the military. In the Soviet Union alone, some 800,000 women served alongside men in army units during the war. Collected here are images that capture some of what these women experienced and endured during the war. A note: Most of the captions are from the original sources from the 1940s, complete with the frequent use of the term girl to describe ...
Nearly 200 military installations were established in Florida during World War II. Some can be visited today and a few are now WW2 museums in Florida.
During World War II, the Crown Jewels were hidden in a cookie tin at Windsor Castle to protect them from the Nazis, and Queen Elizabeth II, who was a teenager at the time, didnt know they were being kept there, a new BBC documentary reveals.
When World War II broke out in September 1939 the US Army - starved of resources since 1919 - numbered just 174,000 men. By VJ-Day, 2 September 1945, a total of 8.3 million had served in an army which had risen to a stable strength of 91 divisions. The Ar
Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption by Laura Hillenbrand - Part V, Chapter 39 and Epilogue summary and analysis.
On the eve of World War II many Americans were reluctant to see the United States embark on overseas involvements. Yet the Japanese attack on the U.S. Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, seemingly united the nation in determination to achieve total victory in Asia and Europe. Underutilized industrial plants expanded to full capacity producing war materials for the United States and its allies. Unemployment was sucked up by the armed services and war work. Many Americans standard of living improved, and the United States became the wealthiest nation in world history.Over time, this proud record became magnified into the
On the eve of World War II many Americans were reluctant to see the United States embark on overseas involvements. Yet the Japanese attack on the U.S. Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, seemingly united the nation in determination to achieve total victory in Asia and Europe. Underutilized industrial plants expanded to full capacity producing war materials for the United States and its allies. Unemployment was sucked up by the armed services and war work. Many Americans standard of living improved, and the United States became the wealthiest nation in world history.Over time, this proud record became magnified into the
As the war continued, more and more of Camp Roosevelts usual pool of residents became involved in formal defense work, and administrators decided to shut the camp down. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers retained the site and planned to keep it up, as plenty of enthusiasm still remained for resuming the Cross-Florida Barge Canal project. Before that could happen, however, a more pressing problem emerged for the camp to tackle.. As World War II came to a close, the young men and women who had left to join the military or serve in other defense capacities came home, looking to start new lives as adult civilians. This sudden surge triggered a dire shortage of adequate housing. Husbands and wives and sometimes children frequently found themselves living with other family members, not so much for lack of funds but simply for lack of available homes to buy or rent. Civic leaders scrambled for solutions, and in Marion County facilities like the small houses at Camp Roosevelt became an attractive option. ...
WASHINGTON-The Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) announced today that U.S. Army Air Forces Tech. Sgt. Frank A. Norris, 23, of Quinlan, Texas, killed during World War II, was accounted for Jan. 19, 2021.. In the summer of 1943, Norris was a pilot assigned to the 345th Bombardment Squadron, 98th Bombardment Group (Heavy), 9th Air Force. On Aug. 1, 1943, the B-24 Liberator aircraft on which Norris was serving as an engineer crashed as a result of enemy anti-aircraft fire during Operation TIDAL WAVE, the largest bombing mission against the oil fields and refineries at Ploiesti, north of Bucharest, Romania. His remains were not identified following the war. The remains that could not be identified were buried as Unknowns in the Hero Section of the Civilian and Military Cemetery of Bolovan, Ploiesti, Prahova, Romania.. ...
SS.912.A.6.2 Describe the United States response in the early years of World War II (Neutrality Acts, Cash and Carry, Lend Lease Act) created embargo on trading arms and war materials with all parties in a war forbade all loans or credit to belligerent nations American ships could not transport any passengers or articles of war to belligerent nations Cash and Carry- Countries at war could purchase goods from us if they arranged transport Decided that passive aid could be given to an aggressor. Repealed 1935 and 1937
DELTONA - The artifacts were taken from Iwo Jima, site of the pivotal World War II battle, and once belonged to a Japanese sailor who was among the 19,000 Japanese killed during the American
LOS ANGELES - For as long as he can remember, Rishi Sharmas heroes havent been sports stars or movie stars or any other kind of stars. Theyve been the U.S. combat veterans who won World War II.Alarmed that even the youngest of them are now in their 90s and dying each day by the hundreds, the Southern California teenager has launched a campaign to try to ensure each ones legacy.
Introduction. S6 HISTORY Study on the First World War Sub-topics: Results of World War One Q: How did the First World War affect the world? A: The First World War was the most destructive war in the history of mankind. It mobilized all the resources of the combatant countries. Nearly all European countries joined the war. The First World War started in 1914 and ended in 1918. The war lasted for 4 years and caused total destruction of the world. It affected the political, economic, social, cultural, and military development of the world in the following decades. There was little political stability in Europe after 1918. The end of the war incited revolutions everywhere. The 1917 Russian Revolution was an example. Those revolutions brought an end to absolution in Europe. The great dynasties of Romanov of Russia and Hohenzollern of Germany had collapsed. Moreover, the war brought an end to the Hapsburg Empire and Turkish Empire.The collapsed empires was replaced by new forms of government, for ...
Albions Dance was inspired by the authors memory of her childhood ballet teacher who danced in Britain during World War Two. Dancers memoirs and the writings of dance critics are central resources for this book that asks how ballet in Britain survived during the war and how the end of war resulted in a newly refined national ballet. Exploring the so-called ballet boom during World War Two, the larger story of this book is one of how art and artists thrive during conflict, and how they respond pragmatically and creatively to privation and duress. The way ballet participated in propagandistic discourse and answered to a public mood of pragmatism and idealism are part of this story. Also considered are the distinct roles of dance critics, male and female dancers, producers, audiences, and choreographers. Each population contributed to the creation of a uniquely British ballet identity. After the war, British ballet emerged on the international stage demonstrating superb qualities of dramatic acuity,
World War II (1941-45) ushered in a new era of benefits, in part because Congress was determined to avoid the mistakes and difficulties that had marked the demobilization of forces in World War I. Influenced as well by the social-welfare policies of the New Deal, Congress by 1945 had created the most comprehensive benefits program in our history. Since then subsequent legislation has expanded the original program for the 16.1 million veterans of World War II and extended those benefits to 6.7 million Korean veterans, 3.1 million veterans of the officially designated Cold War (1955-64), and 6.6 million veterans of Vietnam, at a cost since 1945 of $250 billion.. Under the direction of the Veterans Administration, a broad range of benefits and services is available to veterans from the moment of discharge until death and even beyond, for in certain circumstances benefits continue for survivors. As in World War I, most of these benefits are extended to the able-bodied as well as the ...
Countries with nothing to fear do not fear the ICC. The United States and Israel are very afraid of the ICC. The murder of unarmed civilians is a war crime. So is torture. Israels indiscriminate bombing of densely-populated civilian areas, its half-century occupation of Palestinian territory and its construction and expansion of Jews-only settler colonies on Palestinian land are all also illegal under international law. Neither Israel nor the United States has joined the ICC. Other leading human rights violators, including North Korea, China, Saudi Arabia, Myanmar and Ethiopia, have either never joined or have withdrawn from the court.. The United States, which was instrumental in forging the post-World War II human rights framework embodied by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and admirably demonstrated at the Nuremberg trials, has sadly abrogated its role and responsibility to promote and uphold human rights in recent decades. After Nicaragua successfully sued the United States in the ...
I would like to make decisions within the government, rather than through the ruling party, he said. Japans newly elected parliament is expected to convene Sept. 16, at which time he is likely to be elected prime minister given his partys overwhelming strength in the legislature. Hatoyama also said he would announce a Cabinet lineup the day he is appointed. Such a timetable would allow Hatoyama to assume office in time to attend a Group of 20 summit in Pittsburgh and a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly, both set for September. Diplomacy - and particularly ties with Washington - were also likely to dominate his first months in office. U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates is planning to visit Tokyo in October to discuss the U.S.-Japan military alliance. The United States has about 50,000 troops deployed across Japan under a mutual security pact that has been in place for most of the post-World War II era. Hatoyamas Democrats have said they want to re-examine Tokyos relations with ...
Making the materials come alive and demonstrating the relevance of international law to students today is a vital element of these modules, so each is accompanied by a short video featuring an expert with personal experience. Featured are Benjamin Ferencz, former prosecutor at the post-World War II Nuremberg War Crimes Trials; David Crane, former chief prosecutor for the Special Court of Sierra Leone; Donald Donovan, 2012-2014 ASIL president and counsel for Jose Medellin and Mexico before the Texas and U.S. Supreme Courts and the International Court of Justice; Richard Jackson, special assistant to the U.S. army judge advocate general for law of war matters; and Surya Subedi, UN special rapporteur for human rights in Cambodia ...
Richmond Barth (1909-1989) was the first modern African American sculptor to achieve real critical success. His accessible naturalism led to unprecedented celebrity for an artist during the 1930s and 1940s. After four years of academic training at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Barth reaped the benefits of the 1920s New Negro Arts Renaissance. He also endured difficulties as a gay, Roman Catholic, Creole sculptor working during the nations post-World War II era. He gave his black subjects in particular an intensity and sensuality that attracted important European American patrons and the press. Much of Barth s biography is recorded here for the first time in tandem with analyses and interpretations of his sculpture. Born to Creole parents in Bay St. Louis, Mississippi, Barth s art brought him out of poverty. At the height of his fame, he was often criticized for not talking about injustices African Americans faced. He expected his art to speak not only for itself, but also for him. He
Human Rights, State Sovereignty and Medical Ethics: Examining Struggles Around Coercive Sterilisation of Romani Women examines the mobilized use by people and groups of the international human rights law framework to move legal, policy and ultimately social change at national and local level. One particular case study is examined in detail: efforts by Romani women in the Czech Republic and Slovakia to secure legal remedy for coercive sterilization. International legal aspects of these cases are examined in detail. The book concludes by endeavouring to answer questions concerning the nature of international law and the evolution of the post-World War II international human rights framework, the structure of national sovereignty, and the potential impact of both on human autonomy ...
Within a month of forming the new government, Chirac was able to present to the Assembly a plan for privatization. The plan called for the privatization of 65 enterprises over a five year period (A Five-Year Plan for Privatization!) The 65 enterprises had a workforce of 900 thousand and were thought to have a market value of 300 billion francs. If this plan were to be carried out it would involve privatization on a greater scale and at a faster rate than that carried out by the Thatcher Government in the United Kingdom. This plan went far beyond reprivatizing the enterprises that had been nationalized by the Socialists during the period 1981 to 1986. Included in the privatization plan were enterprises such as the Renault automobile company which Charles de Gaulle had nationalized in the immediate post-World War II period. François Mitterand characterized these enterprises as national assets. Probably few outside of France would have characterized Renault as a national asset. Mitterand opposed ...
Unearthed articles from the 1960s detail how nuclear waste was buried beneath the Earths surface by Halliburton & Co. for decades as a means of disposing the by-products of post-World War II atomic energy production.. Fracking is already a controversial practice on its face; allowing U.S. industries to inject slurries of toxic, potentially carcinogenic compounds deep beneath the planets surface - as a means of see no evil waste disposal - already sounds ridiculous, dangerous, and stupid anyway without even going into further detail.. Alleged fracking links to the contamination of the public water supply and critical aquifers, as well as ties to earthquake upticks near drilling locations that are otherwise not prone to seismic activity have created uproar in the years since the 2005 Cheney loophole, which allowed the industry to circumvent the Safe Drinking Water Act by exempting fracking fluids, thus fast tracking shale fracking as a source of cheap natural gas.. Now, it is apparent that ...
In Italy we are only just holding our ground. This week we have destroyed the Monastery of Monte Cassino. Questions have been asked in Parliament about the destruction of ancient monuments, and there has been an awful lot of gabble about it, in fact, this question of the preservation of historic buildings has been turned into a burning war issue. People talk about the value of civilization of the great architectural monuments of the past, but not those who have sons and brothers, husbands and lovers, doing the fighting. We are not giving our men so that they may save the manifestations of civilization, but so that they may save civilization it self. Civilization ultimately survives in the minds of men, not in bricks and mortar, oil and canvas, print and parchment, and the survival of civilization depends on the civilization of civilized men. In war civilized men die. We cannot afford to lose our civilized men for material things. Things can be replaced. What man has made once he can make again. ...
The George H. Williams Jr. World War I Aviation Library includes books, serials, documents, photographs, and other archival materials relating to aviation of that period collected by Williams Jr. himself and other donors. The largest and most important collection in that record group is the Ed Ferko Collection containing more than 50,000 photo prints, about 10,000 negatives, as well as roughly 200 annotated original photo albums from German aviators. The papers contain documents sorted by units, personnel, and official reports from all fronts, notes, moving images, and artifacts. George H. Williams Jr. was born on Apr. 7, 1915 in Frost, Texas. He acquired a Bachelors Degree in Business from Baylor University in 1939. During World War II, he was a Signal Officer with the 94th Signal Battalion, which was attached to Gen. George S. Pattons Third Army, that was engaged in the Battle of the Bulge. In his civilian career he was with the mortgage department of the Equitable Life Insurance Co., first ...
Find World War I example essays, research papers, term papers, case studies or speeches. World War I World War I involved more countries and cause...
Anti-Semitism had been around in Europe for hundreds of years. Pogroms, attacks on Jewish communities, took place long before the Nazis took power. The Nazis opened Dachau concentration camp near Munich, on March 22, 1933, to be followed by Buchenwald near Weimar in central Germany, Sachsenhausen near Berlin in northern Germany, and Ravensbrück for women. At first intellectuals were targeted for deportation, and then undesirables like the retarded or criminally insane.. The Nuremberg Laws of 1935 prevented a diverse group of people from holding government jobs, teaching in schools and universities, or owning or operating businesses. This group included Jews, homosexuals, communists, socialists, evangelical Christians, Gypsies, and those critical of the Nazis. The laws defined who was racially pure.. Germans got used to the disappearance of their neighbors. Many Germans supported the deportations as a necessary part of reclaiming German national pride. Thousands were sent to concentration ...
Oklahoma women made vital contributions toward victory in both the first and second world wars, serving in a wide variety of capacities in the armed forces, in industry, and on the home front. Given the late entry of the United States into World War I in 1917 (the war began in 1914), American women had less time to mobilize than their European counterparts. However, they still found numerous ways to become involved in the war effort. At home they joined men in debating sedition laws and standardized food prices, witnessed the federal government take control of the railroad industry and large sectors of the economy, and watched as more than two million men volunteered for or were drafted into the armed forces.. Approximately ninety thousand Oklahoma men served. More than one thousand were killed and 6,286 wounded, causing a great impact on families. Oklahoma women shouldered the burden of providing for their families while their husbands and/or fathers were away. Almost half a million women ...
It is a great pleasure to greet all the good friends of the United Nations who have gathered for this observance of the International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust. I welcome in particular the Holocaust survivors and World War II veterans who have joined this solemn ceremony. Ladies and Gentlemen, Courage is a rare and precious commodity. Today, we celebrate those who had the courage to care. Throughout the Second World War, Jews, Roma and Sinti, Soviet prisoners of war and others who failed to conform to Hitlers perverted ideology of Aryan perfection were systematically murdered in death camps such as Auschwitz-Birkenau. But some were able to avoid the slaughter. They escaped because a few brave souls risked their lives and their families to rescue Jews and other victims of persecution from almost certain death. Some sheltered the intended victims in their homes; others helped families to obtain safe passage. Some of the accounts of the rescuers have achieved ...
THE latest discovery of about 100 unexploded ordnance (UXOs) at Gilbert Camp in East Honiara is concerning but not surprising.. This is because Honiara city is located on a battle ground and one of the hot-spots where fighting occurred more than 76 years ago.. The discovery over the weekend and subsequent death of two young Solomon Islanders should send a clear picture of the huge number of second world war remains in parts of the city.. Who knows, it might be just a tip of an ice-berg of the danger many of our people are prone to.. History has it that at the conclusion of the second world war, most of the artillery were never taken back home to either Japan or United States.. Its likely most of these world war weapons, ammunition, buildings, airplanes, vehicles and many more equipment have been left behind.. So the most obvious option for them was to bury underground or being dumped into the ocean. The discovery by a resident at Gilbert Camp over the weekend has confirmed what had been done ...
This book tells the story of Jewish survivors who pioneered Holocaust research in the immediate aftermath of World War II. Just liberated from Nazi terror, amidst political turmoil and privation, ... More. This book tells the story of Jewish survivors who pioneered Holocaust research in the immediate aftermath of World War II. Just liberated from Nazi terror, amidst political turmoil and privation, physically exhausted and traumatized women and men founded historical commissions and documentation centers throughout Europe to chronicle the Nazi Final Solution. By comparing the cases of France, Poland, and the Displaced Persons camps in Allied-occupied Germany, Austria, and Italy, the book explores the motivations and methods which guided survivors in compiling archives of tens of thousands of Nazi documents, eyewitness accounts and questionnaires, ghetto and camp literature, wartime diaries, and artifacts, and in publishing dozens of historical works. Its comparative method illuminates the ...
Richard Shawn Faulkner will give a talk on Mud, Blood, and Dysentery: The Doughboys Life in Battle as part of The U.S. in the First World War, a lecture series commemorating the centennial of the entrance of the United States into World War I, sponsored by the department of history and the Willson Center and the UGA Libraries. Faulkner will speak at 7 p.m. Oct. 26 in the auditorium of the Richard B. Russell Building Special Collections Libraries.. Richard Shawn Faulkner retired from the U.S. Army with the rank of lieutenant colonel. He is a supervisory professor of military history at the United States Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Faulkner is the author of Pershings Crusaders: The American Soldier in World War I, published in 2017 by the University Press of Kansas, and The School of Hard Knocks: Combat Leadership in the American Expeditionary Forces, which won the 2013 Distinguished Book Award presented by the Society for Military History.. ...
IF CHINA WANTS TO TRY AND RUIN THE AMERICAN DOLLAR FOR INTERNATIONAL TRADE PURPOSES, I HAVE AN ACE ... SOME GERMAN NAZI SCIENTISTS CREATED AN ANSWER IN TECHNOLOGY WHICH WOULD REVOLUTIONIZE MANUFACTURING IN THE WORLD. THEIR ANSWER GOT FORGOTTEN AFTERWARDS ... I GOT THEIR ANSWER YEARS AGO IN A MILITARY INTELLIGENCE OPERATION. I SPENT ELEVEN CALENDAR YEARS IN MILITARY ACADEMIES ... I GOT BY MILITARY INTELLIGENCE THE TOP ULTIMATE WEAPON DESIGN LEFT OVER FROM NAZI GERMANY INTENDED TO CONQUER THE WORLD WITH. AN ACCIDENTAL BOMBING NEAR STUTTGART, GERMANY IN WORLD WAR II BY A BRITISH BOMBER WHICH BY ERROR BOMBED THEM INSTEAD OF THE INTENDED TARGET IN STUTTGART DID ENOUGH DAMAGE TO THIS NAZI ULTIMATE WEAPON RESEARCH CENTER SO THEY COULD NOT BUILD THE HITLER ULTIMATE WEAPON IN TIME TO SAVE NAZI GERMANY AND WIN WORLD WAR II FOR NAZI GERMANY INSTEAD OF THE ALLIES. ... AFTER WE HAD COMPLETED THIS NAZI TECHNOLOGY, I LATER SPOTTED A WAY TO MODIFY IT SO IT COULD BE USED ON A MORE MODERATE SCALE THAN JUST WIPING ...
Oral History Jola Hoffman, born in Leipzig, Germany on June 13, 1931, discusses her childhood in Leipzig; the establishment of the Nuremberg laws in 1936; her aunt and uncles departure from Germany prior to the start of the World War II; the Gestapo forcing her family and others to leave their homes; their train ride headed for the Polish border in 1938; the familys ability to enter Poland because they had family in Łódź; her fathers experiences traveling between England and Poland prior to World War II; her fathers move to Lwów, Poland (Lviv, Ukraine), under the advice of the mayor of Warsaw; the invasion of Warsaw by the Germans; her and her mothers trip to Lwów to join her father; the emigration of some of her family members; the deportation of the Jews from Germany between the years of 1938 and 1939; volunteers who were given the opportunity during the Russian occupation to leave for German-occupied Poland; her fathers move to the Warsaw ghetto; her and her mothers dangerous ...
Osur, Alan M. Separate and Unequal: Race Relations in the AAF During World War II (University Press of the Pacific, 2004).. Race relations between white and black Americans in the Army Air Forces (AAF) during World War II ran the gamut from harmonious to hostile, depending upon the unique circumstances existing within each unit, command, and theater. In analyzing racial policy as it was implemented throughout the chain of command, are a number of themes relevant for an understanding of the utilization of African Americans during the war. First, the AAF never willingly accepted black soldiers. This service had totally excluded them for over two decades before they were permitted to enter, and then used them only reluctantly. The fact that the AAF even opened its doors to African Americans and proceeded to make additional opportunities available to them was due to pressures aimed at the War Department and the AAF. Individuals and organizations within the black community and white liberals in and ...
John Harrison and Robert Harrison were Harlowton, Montana, residents who served in Europe in World War II. This collection consists primarily of letters written by John C. and Robert Harrison to their parents in Harlowton and Bozeman, Montana, while they served in England, Belgium, and Germany during World War II. The letters discuss the war, the Harrison family, wartime Europe, and life in the military, including a letter from Robert in a prisoner-of-war camp in Germany. Johns letters to his mother also mention Montana politics including references to Lee Metcalf. A large group of the correspondence consists of typed transcriptions of letters from John C. to his wife China. Also included in the collection is miscellaneous correspondence (1943-1946), clippings (1940s), and a writing (1944) by John Thompson describing the military action in the hundred days after the Normandy invasion. In addition there are photocopies of a speech (1950s) to a U.S. Congressional Committee concerning ...
In 1958, the Medical Follow-up Agency (MFUA) of the Institute of Medicine began a project to identify twins who had jointly entered military service during World War II. In the end, MFUA identified nearly 16,000 White male twin pairs born 1917-1927 in which both members had served in the military. These twins comprise the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council World War II Twin Registry (NAS-NRC Twin Registry). This collection represents data from service records, a mailed questionnaire assessing zygosity, and repeating health surveys, including information on education, employment history, and earnings. There are nine datasets associated with this restricted-use collection: 1) The Administrative dataset includes demographic, zygosity, service history, mortality, and questionnaire participation data; 2) The Service and Other Records dataset contains information collected from service records, physical exam data, cognitive test data, and dental records; 3) The Questionnaire 2 ...
People understood the concept of radar long before scientists first built a radar system. In the late 1930s all of the countries involved in World War II rushed to create better radar systems to use in the war. Great Britain was one of the leading developers of radar in the years leading up to World War II. The research they conducted led to an early warning radar system called Chain Home. They built radar stations around the British Isles to provide warning of an aerial invasion. This was one of the advantages which helped the outnumbered Royal Air Force defeat the German Luftwaffe during the Battle of Britain. While radar development was encouraged by wartime efforts, people were also interested in using radar as an anti-collision system. After the Titanic ran into an iceberg and sank during bad weather in 1912, people were interested in ways to avoid this happening again.. Out of these all of these efforts, weather radar was developed. ...
Historian Rick Atkinson has become famous as one of our greatest chroniclers of war with his World War II Liberation Trilogy, and hes off to a strong start to his Revolution Trilogy with the 2019 best seller, The British Are Coming.. More than a decade before he won the Pulitzer Prize for An Army at Dawn (Liberation Trilogy, Book 1), Atkinson caught the attention of military history readers with 1989s The Long Gray Line, a chronicle of 25 years in the life of the West Point Class of 1966.Advertisement. The book captures a shift in military culture. These young officers were born in the waning days of World War II and inevitably brought a different perspective that sometimes clashed with senior officers whose experiences were defined by that conflict.. Some of these men didnt make it back, and others were instrumental in remaking the Army in the years after Vietnam. Atkinson uses their experiences to tell an epic story of how U.S. forces redefined their mission in the late 20th ...
In an October 21 editorial arguing against just such additional spending, the Post warned citizens to disregard progressive commentators (like myself) who offer the example of World War II, when the government ran deficits many times larger than the current one. In the deficit debates to come, the Post insisted, Mr. Obama should heed the hawks.. Wrong. The mobilization for World War II produced one of the most remarkable success stories in US economic history. War production not only overcame lingering weaknesses from the Great Depression but transformed the economic system into the modern powerhouse that became the platform for our long-running postwar prosperity. All this was achieved by the government, largely with borrowed money. By wars end Washington had piled up federal debt totaling around 120 percent of annual GDP (nearly double todays debt level). During the wartime emergency the government took charge of the economy and rapidly shifted the industrial system to armaments while ...
The Kingdom of Italy (Italian: Regno dItalia) was a state forged in 1861 by the unification of Italy under the influence of the Kingdom of Sardinia; it existed until 1946 when the Italians opted for a republican constitution.. During the time of the regime of the National Fascist Party under the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini from 1922 to his ousting in 1943, the name often given by historians to the Kingdom of Italy during this period is Fascist Italy. Under fascism, the Kingdom allied with Nazi Germany in World War II until 1943. In the remaining two years of World War II, the Kingdom of Italy switched sides to the Allies after ousting Mussolini as Prime Minister and banned the Fascist party. The remnant fascist state that continued fighting against the Allies was a puppet state of Nazi Germany, the Italian Social Republic, still led by Mussolini and his loyalist Fascists in northern Italy. Shortly after the war, civil discontent led to a referendum in 1946 on whether Italy would remain a ...
As head of Japans infamous Unit 731 (a covert biological and chemical warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II), Dr. Shiro Ishii (head of medicine) carried out violent human experimentation of tens of thousands during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.. Ishii was responsible for testing vivisection techniques without any anesthesia on human prisoners. For the uninitiated, vivisection is the act of conducting experimental surgery on living creatures (with central nervousness) and examining their insides for scientific purposes.. So basically, he was giving unnecessary surgery to prisoners by opening them all the way up, keeping them alive and not using any anesthetic.. During these experiments he would also force pregnant women to abort their babies. He also played God by subjecting his prisoners to change in physiological conditions and inducing strokes, heart attacks, frost bite, and hypothermia. Ishii considered these subjects ...
The White House announced this morning that Keeble will received the Medal of Honor posthumously in a ceremony scheduled for 2:30 p.m. March 3, 2008. Keeble is one of the most decorated Soldiers in North Dakota history. A veteran of World War II and the Korean War, he was born in 1917 in Waubay, S.D., on the Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Reservation, which extended into North Dakota. He spent most of his life in the Wahpeton, N.D. area, where he attended an Indian school. In 1942 Keeble joined the North Dakota National Guard, and in October that year, found himself embroiled in some of the fiercest hand-to-hand combat of World War II on Guadalcanal.. Guadalcanal. Guadalcanal seemed to be on his mind a lot, Russell Hawkins, Keebles stepson, said. His fellow Soldiers said he had to fight a lot of hand-to-hand fights with the Japanese, so he saw their faces. Every now and then he would get a far-away look in his eyes, and I knew he was thinking about those men and the things he had to do. At ...
Barnett charged publishers $25 per week for access to the latest stories. Because most black papers were weeklies, the service began with mail delivery instead of delivery by wire. At the start, packets were sent out once a week, eventually increasing to three mailings per week.. By 1935, the ANP was serving about 225 newspapers and magazines across the country. After World War II its membership grew to include more than 100 African newspapers as an increasing number of countries on the African continent moved toward independence.. The Fight Against Military Segregation and Segregation of the Blood Supply. During World War II, Barnett and other black journalists pressured the U. S. government to accredit black journalists as war correspondents. Barnett traveled widely and wrote many accounts on the adverse effects of segregation in the armed forces. (For an example of segregation in the Navy, read Dorie Miller, Pearl Harbor Hero.) Using the ANP to reach black Americans all over the country, he ...
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882 - 1945) was the 32nd President of the United States of America from 1933-45. He presided over the majority of the Great Depression, which did not end until the attack on Pearl Harbor,[1] and led the United States in World War II against the Axis Powers; he built the New Deal Coalition of voters and interest groups which dominated American politics into the 1960s. He is still the great hero to liberals but castigated by conservatives for shifting the nation to the left, growing the federal government, imposing regulations on business, following a no-growth economic policy, catering to labor unions, and building a permanent New Deal Coalition. On the other hand, conservatives admire his strong military leadership that led the Allies to victory in record time in World War II. His New Deal was a very large, complex interlocking set of programs designed to produce relief (especially government jobs for the unemployed),[2] recovery (of the economy), and reform (by which ...
View US Navy and Marine combat operations against Japanese forces vintage historic HD stock video footage in Peleliu Palau Islands, 1944. Buy HD video and archival still photo images of clip number 65675022857.
Mollie Panter-Downes became well known for her column in the New Yorker on life in London during World War II (republished as London War Notes). Her fifth novel, One Fine Day, came out in 1947. Its title might have been One Day, because thats what it is: a day in the life of a family who live in an aging house, somewhere south-west of London, one year after the end of the War. Heres the plot. Eight oclock in the morning, the sun is shining. Laura and Stephen Marshall at breakfast. Stephen leaves the house, drives to the station to go up on the train to London, where he works. Their twelve-year old daughter Victoria goes to school. Laura, age 38, the main protagonist, goes on a bus to do some shopping in a nearby town. Provisions in short supply, coupons needed. She returns; does some stuff around the house, and in the garden, then in the afternoon rides on her bicycle to collect the family dog who has wandered off. Having collected him from where he sometimes goes, to a gypsy who lives with ...
Family background; grows up in California; early interest in electronics. Undergraduate and graduate studies at Caltech. Strong interest in history of science as undergraduate. Ph.D. in physics, 1932. University of California at Berkeley, 1932-1934. MIT from 1934; founder of the Radioactivity Center. Starts first course designated nuclear physics, January 1935. Strong interest in study of radium poisoning; radium tolerance in humans, cancer research. World War II work, postwar work; establishment of Laboratory for Nuclear Science and Engineering. Markle Foundation supplies funds for the Radioactivity Centers Cyclotron; the 1940 Conference on Applied Nuclear Physics (sponsored by the American Institute of Physics and MIT); World War II work at the Radioactivity Center at MIT; radium dial paint studies; radium and plutonium safety regulations (Glenn Seaborg); work relations with the Manhattan Project; the MAMI (marked mine) project reveals indication of German plutonium project. Also ...
Family background; grows up in California; early interest in electronics. Undergraduate and graduate studies at Caltech. Strong interest in history of science as undergraduate. Ph.D. in physics, 1932. University of California at Berkeley, 1932-1934. MIT from 1934; founder of the Radioactivity Center. Starts first course designated nuclear physics, January 1935. Strong interest in study of radium poisoning; radium tolerance in humans, cancer research. World War II work, postwar work; establishment of Laboratory for Nuclear Science and Engineering. Markle Foundation supplies funds for the Radioactivity Centers Cyclotron; the 1940 Conference on Applied Nuclear Physics (sponsored by the American Institute of Physics and MIT); World War II work at the Radioactivity Center at MIT; radium dial paint studies; radium and plutonium safety regulations (Glenn Seaborg); work relations with the Manhattan Project; the MAMI (marked mine) project reveals indication of German plutonium project. Also ...