This study investigated the impact of violent experiences during childhood, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and appetitive aggression on everyday violent behavior in Burundian females with varying participation in war. Moreover, group differences in trauma-related and aggression variables were expected. Appetitive aggression describes the perception of violence perpetration as fascinating and appealing and is a common phenomenon in former combatants. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 157 females, either former combatants, supporters of armed forces or civilians during the civil war in Burundi. The PTSD Symptom Scale Interview was used to assess PTSD symptom severity, the Appetitive Aggression Scale to measure appetitive aggression and the Domestic and Community Violence Checklist to assess both childhood maltreatment and recent aggressive behavior. Former combatants had experienced more traumatic events, perpetrated more violence and reported higher levels of appetitive aggression than
Major Alliances during World War II There were two major alliances during World War II: the Axis and the Allies. The three principal partners in the Axis alliance were Germany, Italy, and Japan. These three countries recognized German domination over most of continental Europe; Italian domination over the Mediterranean Sea; and Japanese domination over East Asia and the Pacific. The Allied Powers were led by Great Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union. Formation of the Axis Alliance Although the Axis partners never developed institutions to coordinate foreign or military policy as the Allies did, the Axis partners had two common interests: 1) territorial expansion and foundation of empires based on military conquest and the overthrow of the post-World War I international order; and 2) the destruction or neutralization of Soviet Communism. On November 1, 1936, Germany and Italy, reflecting their common interest in destabilizing the European order, announced a Rome-Berlin Axis one week ...
WORLD WAR II AND THE ENDING OF THE DEPRESSIONWorld War II had a profound and multifaceted impact on the American economy. Most obviously, it lifted the nation out of the Great Depression of the 1930s. Source for information on World War II and the Ending of the Depression: Encyclopedia of the Great Depression dictionary.
This thesis explores the dingbat apartment, a building type that proliferated in Los Angeles between 1957 and 1964. Following an established tradition of low-rise multi-family residential buildings, the dingbat emerged as an affordable and accessible housing solution for the citys unrelenting population growth and rising land values in the decade after World War II. A variety of speculative developers took advantage of zoning regulations, financial incentives, and innovative building materials and techniques to create formulaic, yet individualistic modern buildings that were easily produced and quickly consumed. The success of these developers would forever alter the built environment of Los Angeles, and this thesis examines the economic, social, cultural, and political factors that both encouraged and eventually ended the widespread development of the dingbat apartment ...
6/12/2006 • Gear, World War II The full contribution of intelligence to the winning of World War II is clear only now, nearly sixty years after that conflict. Over the intervening decades it has been discovered that throughout the war the intelligence services of the Western powers (particularly the British) intercepted, broke, and read significant portions of the German militarys top-secret message traffic. That cryptographic intelligence, disseminated to Allied commanders under the code name Ultra, played a significant role in the effort to defeat the Germans and achieve an Allied victory.. The breaking of the high-level German codes began with the efforts of the Polish secret service in the interwar period. By creating a copy of the basic German enciphering machine, the Poles managed to read German signal traffic throughout the 1930s with varying degrees of success. However, shortly before the Munich conference in September 1938, the Germans made alterations to their enciphering ...
[email protected] World War II Veteran Honors Citrus College Counselor for Military and Community Service Glendora, Calif. (July 2, 2019) - Citrus College alumnus and current academic counselor David Rodriguez recently received the Carl Harstine Patriot Award for his military service and contributions to the Citrus College Veterans Success Center. In a touching ceremony facilitated by Americas Christian Credit Union and hosted by Citrus College, Mr. Rodriguez was presented with the award by Carl Harstine, a soon-to-be 94-year-old World War II U.S. Marine Corps veteran and current resident of Glendora. Mr. Harstine shared his experiences about surviving combat in the South Pacific before commending Mr. Rodriguez for his military service and commitment to the student veterans at Citrus College. Mr. Rodriguez, who became an academic counselor to help students reach their educational, personal and career goals, was unaware that he had been nominated for the award until a few weeks before ...
Casualties in World War II are notoriously difficult to calculate; while the Americans, British, Canadians and Germans gave their soldiers identification tags, The Soviets, Japanese, Italians and other combatants often did not. Add to that the huge numbers of irregular forces without any identification, or nom de guerre, and its almost impossible to generate accurate numbers. Some historian will someday do a complete, funded study of casualties, but for now, here is an estimated number of casualties to give the reader some idea of the level of human destruction. Since this page went live in 2000, some estimates have raised the number of dead from 35 million to 50 million. Current thought affords 72 million casualties worldwide, but not all sources agree with that conclusion. There are a number of errors in the document; I will endeavor to correct them as soon as I can. As I just wrote, accurate casualty analysis of even the United States, which not only documented its army extensively and ...
See Shooting War: World War II Combat Cameramens production, company, and contact information. Explore Shooting War: World War II Combat Cameramens box office performance, follow development, and track popularity with MOVIEmeter. IMDbPro - The essential resource for entertainment professionals.
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WORLD WAR II (UK) i Tidningsarkivet. Ett digitalt arkiv för svenska tidningar och tidskrifter. Här finns bland annat omslag och innehållstexter för WORLD WAR II (UK).
WHEREAS, pursuant to Executive Order No. 107 (2004), a World War II Memorial Commission ("Commission") was established in, but not of, the Department of Military and Veterans Affairs to continue the work of the World War II Veterans Memorial Advisory Commission, formed pursuant to P.L. 1999, Joint Resolution No. 14, which was to make recommendations regarding the location and design of New Jerseys World War II Memorial; and. WHEREAS, the Legislature authorized the Commission and the Adjutant General to raise funds for this project; and. WHEREAS, the Commission continues to develop this Memorial and raise funds; and. WHEREAS, the men and women who served our nation during World War II displayed courage and dedication to the highest principles and goals, and a memorial honoring these men and women is a worthy tribute and an acknowledgement of their sacrifices and bravery; and. WHEREAS, World War II veterans endured great risks, hardships, and deprivations while defending our country; ...
KYUSHU, Japan (PRWEB) April 06, 2015 -- Author Hana da Yumikos parents saw the Japan of pre- and post-World War II. She heard the accounts of the challenges
Hardback, 50. Medicine and Victory: British Military Medicine in the Second World War is an important and archivally well-grounded study at the intersection of military and medical history that points to a marked improvement in the provision of British medical care during the course of the conflict. Defeat in the early years of the war led to many problems. The level of care available in the field was affected by the disruption attendant on defeat and rapid retreat. In no theatre of the war, however, did the medical services suffer a complete collapse. The planning of medical arrangements left much to be desired, as in Norway and Malaya, but there was no need for commissions of inquiry, such as those which followed the campaigns in Gallipoli and Mesopotamia during World War One. Harrison argues that, although the early campaigns of World War Two permitted little in the way of innovation, they at least provided some valuable experience. During the campaigns in Norway and France, it became ...
Scrapbook compiled by Fishers mother, Vanchie, about her sons experience in the Army during WWII. The scrapbook is made up primarily of letters from Fisher to his parents, which were written from December 1942 until October 1945, with the bulk of the letters occurring between January 1943 and August 1945. The letters content is primarily discussion about family matters, events in Muncie and news about Fisher in the military. Other materials included in the collection are mementos sent home by Fisher that were not fastened to the scrapbook, inserts from envelops containing allotment checks and newspaper clippings Joseph had sent home ...
World War II Online is a Massively Multiplayer Online First Person Shooter based in Western Europe between 1939 and 1943. Through land, sea, and air combat using a ultra-realistic game engine, combined with a strategic layer, in the largest game world ever created - We offer the best WWII simulation experience around. ...
Unlike in most European countries occupied by Nazi Germany-where the Germans sought and found true collaborators among the locals-in occupied Poland there was no official collaboration either at the political or at the economic level.[71][72] Poland also never officially surrendered to the Germans.[73] Under German occupation, the Polish army continued to fight underground, as Armia Krajowa and forest partisans - Leśni. The Polish resistance movement in World War II in German-occupied Poland was the largest resistance movement in all of occupied Europe.[74] As a result, Polish citizens were unlikely to be given positions of any significant authority.[71][72] The vast majority of the pre-war citizenry collaborating with the Nazis was the German minority in Poland which was offered one of several possible grades of German citizenship.[75] In 1939, before the German invasion of Poland, 800,000 people declared themselves as members of the German minority in Poland mostly in Pomerania and Western ...
The following is a list of Japanese military equipment of World War II which includes artillery, vehicles and vessels, and other support equipment of both the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA), and Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) from operations conducted from 1937 through 1945. The Empire of Japan forces conducted operations over a variety of geographical areas and climates from the frozen North of China bordering Russia during the Battle of Khalkin Gol (Nomonhan) to the tropical jungles of Indonesia. Japanese military equipment was researched and developed along two separate procurement processes, one for the IJA and one for the IJN. Until 1943, the IJN usually received a greater budget allocation, which allowed for the Super Battleships, advanced aircraft such as the Mitsubishi A6M series, and the worlds largest submarines. In addition, a higher priority of steel and raw materials was allocated to the IJN for warship construction and airplane construction. It changed to a degree in 1944/45, when the ...
PubMed journal article Risk of selected cardiovascular diseases and posttraumatic stress disorder among former World War II prisoners of wa were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
For the nations who were deeply involved in World War II, the war effort was total, with women volunteering in huge numbers alongside men. At home, women filled traditionally male positions, taking both active and supporting positions in factories, government organizations, military auxiliaries, resistance groups, and more. While relatively few women were at the front lines as combatants, many found themselves the victims of bombing campaigns and invading armies. By the end of the war, more than 2 million women had worked in war industries. Hundreds of thousands had volunteered as nurses or members of home defense units, or as full-time members of the military. In the Soviet Union alone, some 800,000 women served alongside men in army units during the war. Collected here are images that capture some of what these women experienced and endured during the war. A note: Most of the captions are from the original sources from the 1940s, complete with the frequent use of the term "girl" to describe ...
Nearly 200 military installations were established in Florida during World War II. Some can be visited today and a few are now WW2 museums in Florida.
During World War II, the Crown Jewels were hidden in a cookie tin at Windsor Castle to protect them from the Nazis, and Queen Elizabeth II, who was a teenager at the time, didnt know they were being kept there, a new BBC documentary reveals.
Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption by Laura Hillenbrand - Part V, Chapter 39 and Epilogue summary and analysis.
On the eve of World War II many Americans were reluctant to see the United States embark on overseas involvements. Yet the Japanese attack on the U.S. Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, seemingly united the nation in determination to achieve total victory in Asia and Europe. Underutilized industrial plants expanded to full capacity producing war materials for the United States and its allies. Unemployment was sucked up by the armed services and war work. Many Americans standard of living improved, and the United States became the wealthiest nation in world history.Over time, this proud record became magnified into the
On the eve of World War II many Americans were reluctant to see the United States embark on overseas involvements. Yet the Japanese attack on the U.S. Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, seemingly united the nation in determination to achieve total victory in Asia and Europe. Underutilized industrial plants expanded to full capacity producing war materials for the United States and its allies. Unemployment was sucked up by the armed services and war work. Many Americans standard of living improved, and the United States became the wealthiest nation in world history.Over time, this proud record became magnified into the
As the war continued, more and more of Camp Roosevelts usual pool of residents became involved in formal defense work, and administrators decided to shut the camp down. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers retained the site and planned to keep it up, as plenty of enthusiasm still remained for resuming the Cross-Florida Barge Canal project. Before that could happen, however, a more pressing problem emerged for the camp to tackle.. As World War II came to a close, the young men and women who had left to join the military or serve in other defense capacities came home, looking to start new lives as adult civilians. This sudden surge triggered a dire shortage of adequate housing. Husbands and wives and sometimes children frequently found themselves living with other family members, not so much for lack of funds but simply for lack of available homes to buy or rent. Civic leaders scrambled for solutions, and in Marion County facilities like the small houses at Camp Roosevelt became an attractive option. ...
SS.912.A.6.2 Describe the United States response in the early years of World War II (Neutrality Acts, Cash and Carry, Lend Lease Act) created embargo on trading arms and war materials with all parties in a war forbade all loans or credit to belligerent nations American ships could not transport any passengers or articles of war to belligerent nations Cash and Carry- Countries at war could purchase goods from us if they arranged transport Decided that passive aid could be given to an aggressor. Repealed 1935 and 1937
DELTONA - The artifacts were taken from Iwo Jima, site of the pivotal World War II battle, and once belonged to a Japanese sailor who was among the 19,000 Japanese killed during the American
This is the first book of its kind - examining the crucial role these women played in World War II. Here are the intimate accounts of twenty-eight servicewomen, many of whom risked their lives during the war. These and others were the pioneers of what decades later would become the Womens Revolution. Olga Gruhzit-Hoyt contacted hundreds of organizations, veterans groups, and individual women who told their stories in interviews, letters, and accounts written especially for this important book. These women came from farms, universities, small-town America, and big cities.
Abstract This article examines the social, medical, and military contexts that shaped the cycle of World War II demobilization films released in the United States between 1946 and 1951. The focus is primarily on the ways in which loss of sight, experienced through combat, was dramatized and narrativized in demobilization films. The discussion specifically concerns two films at either end of the demobilization cycle, Pride of the Marines (1946) and Bright Victory (1951), both of which were adapted from literary texts. Written accounts of war injuries were frequent as sources for demobilization films, partly to lend authenticity to the narratives, but also, in the case of these two films, to offer symbolic freight through which the ontological and medical dimensions of blindness could be explored. The article discusses the ways in which cases of blindness highlighted the problematic of place and home in the mid-1940s. Although the narrative trajectory of many demobilization films moves toward the ...
Shows the numerous pieces of equipment that Firestone Tire and Rubber Company was producing for the military during World War II. Honors the contribution of the factory workers as we see them make tires, parts for guns, tank tracks, bullet-sealing ...
All about Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II by Douglas A. Blackmon. LibraryThing is a cataloging and social networking site for booklovers
The development of deep-tank fermentation by Pfizer -- which enabled the mass production of penicillin for use in World War II -- was designated a National Historic Chemical Landmark by the American Chemical Society in a special ceremony in Brooklyn, NY, on June 12, 2008. ACS President-elect Thomas H. Lane presented a commemorative plaque to Pfizer.
The 114th Congress of the U.S. passed the Public Law No. 114-265 or the Filipino Veterans of World War II Congressional Gold Medal Act of 2015 on 14 December 2016. Section 4 of this law provides that "President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall make appropriate arrangements for the award of a single Congressional Gold Medal to the Filipino Veterans of World War II in recognition of their dedicated service during World War II. The medal, following its award, shall be given to the Smithsonian Institution where it will be available for research and display. It is the sense of Congress that the Smithsonian Institution should make the gold medal available for display elsewhere, particularly at other appropriate locations associated with the Filipino Veterans of World War II ...
Alexandria, VA - The U.S. had two key strategic advantages over the Axis in World War II: oil and water. Although other factors played major roles in the U.S. and its allies winning the war, these two natural resources played a much larger role th… ...
Richard Overton, the nations oldest World War II veteran who was also believed to be the oldest living man in the U.S., died Thursday in Austin, Texas, at the age of 112.
The Avon Library will host three programs this fall, made possible through the support of the Donald G. Reed Memorial Fund. The first program on Oct. 21, 7 p.m., is on Women in World War II, and features author John Cilio. His book, Women's Work in WWII tells the history of millions of women...
Just one week after thousands of US troops arrived in Poland to support NATOs Anti-Russian buildup, 300 U.S. Marines from Camp Lejeune landed in Norway on Monday for a six-month deployment, marking the first time since World War II that foreign troops have been allowed to be stationed there.
A proud son describes a pilgrimage to the National World War II Memorial in Virgina with his father, a veteran, courtesy of the Honor Flight Network.
Introduction. Explain the differing reactions of people in Britain to the policy of evacuating children during the Second World War Many different people thought many different things about evacuation. Some people thought that it was a good thing as it took children out of the danger-zones and it would lower the stress levels of adults. Some people thought evacuation was a bad thing as it took children away from their families and many children were not used to the conditions they were sent to. There were many different attitudes towards the evacuees and some of these changed overtime. At the start of the war many host mothers had negative views about evacuees that they were caring for. ...read more. Middle. There is a picture (source B), taken in 1939, of evacuees being walked to a train station in London so that they could be sent to the country. The government issued an advertisement, source H, in Scotland, for more people to provide homes for evacuees. It says Theyre [the children] out of ...
Hot on the heels of Bloody Belfast, I received another book on Irish History, this time focussing on the contribution of Irish people and Irish units to the Second World War.
Stock video footage 1940-Invasion / Second World War / Denmark / 1940. 00:00:02 . From $99. Royalty free. Download now on Pond5 |||
The source for an Okinawan diet of 85% carbs was published in 1949, and the data was gathered during the post-World War II US occupation. This was a time of desperate poverty, and indeed followed years of poverty and famine during the Great Depression and World War II. Lets not forget that the Chinese civil war was taking place during this period, and the Korean War was about to begin. Shou-Chings parents lived through this period, in China and Korea, and it was a time of starvation for them and for many others in east Asia.. All deeply impoverished people around the world eat high-carb diets, because carb-rich plants are the most readily available "fallback foods" in the natural environment and the cheapest calories available on the market. As soon as animal foods become available, cultures around the world migrate to 50% carb diets.. We have testimony from Okinawans who lived at that time telling us how difficult it was to obtain food. Their diet was severely calorie-restricted. I recall one ...
Kelly Shibari writes on www.fleshbot.com - If youve ever watched Japanese porn (and I know many of you have, because its awesome), youll notice that the one thing that makes it Japanese (other than the whimpery sex sounds, the full bushes and, well, Japanese performers) is the mosaic-ing of crotches.. (Yeah, Im totally gonna rub one out to that TONIGHT!!!). Pornography, which had been around in Japan since, like, forever (you know, were an ancient country and stuff), got censored in the late 1800s after Victorian morals were introduced via trade ships from the West (thanks a lot, guys). By the start of World War II, all pornographic materials were banned. American soldiers brought pornography with them to Japan during the war, which brought a resurgence of pornography, but even though the US guaranteed freedom of speech and expression in Japan post-World War II, pornography censorship has still stayed intact. To this day, you cant legally buy porn in Japan that shows full visible ...
In 1950 after World War II, the Smiths buy a small house in a new suburban community, aided by an FHA insured mortgage. They pay $10,500, and secure a thirty year 6% fixed rate loan for $10,000, the remainder scraped together from money Joe has saved in the army. William Robinson also saved $500 from his army pay but he is denied a loan under the Federal Governments explicit and official policies of racial discrimination. Unable to buy a home, the Robinsons rent an apartment for their family, at an initial rental of $120 a month.. Both Joe Smith and Bill Robinson find jobs in post-World War II America, and they make, let us suppose, exactly the same wage. What is more, let us imagine that over the next thirty years they get identical raises, and are never out of work. Now let us trace over a thirty-year period the housing expenditures and asset formation of the Smith family and the Robinson family. I am going to make some reasonable simplifying assumptions about changes in rental rates, ...
During World War I and World War II, the military was actively developing methods to take photographs from airplanes. Aerial photography has been a very useful surveillance method that is relatively safe for personnel. The military developed cameras that were specially designed for aerial imaging over large areas. They also developed special films that were sensitive to infrared light (wavelengths just beyond the range of human sight). During World War II, the military developed camouflage film, also known as color infrared film. This is a color film where green things appear blue, red things appear green, and things that reflect infrared light appear red. With this film, vegetation has a characteristic bright red appearance. Camouflage does not reflect infrared light as well as natural vegetation so it appears blue in color infrared film. During World War II, many soldiers were exposed to this technology. After returning home, they developed many uses for it in agriculture. When camouflage film ...
MEDICAL DEPARTMENT, UNITED STATES ARMY. The volumes comprising the official history of the Medical Department of the U.S. Army in World War II are prepared by The Historical Unit, U.S. Army Medical Service, and published under the direction of The Surgeon General, U.S. Army. These volumes are divided into two series: (1) The administrative or operational series; and (2) the professional, or clinical and technical, series. This is one of the volumes published in the latter series.. VOLUMES PUBLISHED. ADMINISTRATIVE SERIES. Hospitalization and Evacuation, Zone of Interior. CLINICAL SERIES. Internal Medicine in World War II:. Vol. I. Activities of Medical Consultants. Preventive Medicine in World War II:. Vol. II. Environmental ...
Story wise, the orcs serve a purpose. They go up alongside zombies, actual World War II Nazis and Storm Troopers as "Things the PCs can kill without feeling bad about it." Or, in game terms, "monsters." In a classic dungeon crawl, everything you find in the dungeon is inherently and irredeemably evil or else bestial (e.g. bears). By making the orcs evil, it confirms the main characters in their goodness. They kill evil things. It avoids going into the nuances of "Well, murder is wrong, but its a war" - and Tolkein knew plenty about war. The Hobbit was published in 1937, right before World War II. By the time he finished The Lord of the Rings, World War II had happened - and the veterans had returned (Theres a lot about the difficulties of the returning veteran in the otherwise gratuitous epilogue "The Scouring of the Shire ...
A blog written about World War ll and the London Blitz told by a woman who lived it. Ruby Thompson, living during the World War ll London Blitz.
A blog written about World War ll and the London Blitz told by a woman who lived it. Ruby Thompson, living during the World War ll London Blitz.
During the latter half of the Second World War, the US Navy significantly expanded as American production capabilities at last caught up with the fleets needs to conduct a two-ocean war. Among the many new ships joining the fleet were small LCS (landing craft support) gunboats designed to support island-hopping campaigns in the Pacific. Nicknamed "mighty midgets," those vessels were able to maneuver within a hundred feet of a landing beach and support operations ashore with powerful 40mm, 20mm, and .50 caliber guns. Gary Burnss Shipmates: The Men of LCS 52 in World War II follows the storied history of one of those gunboats assigned to the Pacific theater from 1944 to 1945. LCS 52 participated in the assaults on both Iwo Jima and Okinawa in early 1945, providing close gunfire support for the American landings during the final stages of World War II. The book is aptly titled. Though the author does a fine job of illustrating the ships service and combat record, he focuses most of his narrative ...
to conflict at mid-century.. HIS 333 United States: Civil War and Reconstruction (3).. Social, political, and economic origins of sectionalism and breakup of the Union; military campaigns and the home front in wartime; reconstruction in the South. Focus on the years 1849-1877 and their legacy to later generations.. HIS 334 Emergence of Modern America (3).. The triumph of the industrial revolution in the post-Civil War period and the response of agrarian and progressive protest. The rise of the United States to world power and involvement in international affairs prior to World War I.. HIS 335 United States: War and Depression (3).. Major developments in American life and institutions from the beginning of World War I to the end of World War II. Consideration of the social, economic, and political implications of prosperity, depression, and two world wars.. HIS 336 United States: Recent Period (3).. Major developments in American life and institutions since World War II. Consideration of domestic ...
When World War I began on July 28, 1914, no one would have guessed that the war would take 9 million lives and become the fifth bloodiest conflict in world history. The war resulted in major political upheaval in countries around the world. It also unfortunately set the state for World War II, which embroiled over 30 countries, making it the most widespread conflict in the world.The literature of the world wars includes some of the worlds outstanding literature, including poetry,
This report presents a photographic recordation of archetypal buildings, structures, and equipment of the Lake City Army Ammunition Plant (LCAAP), Independence, Missouri, originally constructed by the World War II-era Ordnance Department as a government-owned, contractor-operated (GOCO) industrial facility. The report is a continuation of a larger project that entailed completion of a national context for the World War II Ordnance Departments GOCO industrial facilities of 1939-1945 (Kane 1995), as well as detailed investigations into the history of several former World War II-era Ordnance Department GOCO industrial facilities (including present-day Badger, Holston, Indiana, Joliet, Kansas, Lake City, Radford, Ravenna, and Twin Cities army ammunition plants) along with photographic documentation of the same sample installations. The two primary goals of the larger project were: to investigate and document World War II and pre-World War II buildings, structures, and equipment now under the jurisdiction
Die Goethe-Universität ist eine forschungsstarke Hochschule in der europäischen Finanzmetropole Frankfurt. Lebendig, urban und weltoffen besitzt sie als Stiftungsuniversität ein einzigartiges Maß an Eigenständigkeit.
Description of Course: This course will focus on the unique range and diversity of German and Austrian literature and thought from the end of the nineteenth-century until the 1960s. It will locate the beginnings of the radical changes Nietzsche’s ideas created and their influence on the early Expressionist movement. In addition, it will examine some of the major works of the pre-and post-WWI era and consider the political trends and upheavals which shaped and warped this brilliantly creative artistic period. Exploring works composed in Germany just before the rise of the Third Reich and works produced by some of the great German artists in exile, the course also will consider the creative output of the generation of poets and writers coming of age in the post-World War II period, which captured in shattering words the new reality created by betrayal, loss, and anguish. Required Texts: Wolfgang Borchert, Man Outside ISBN-13: 9780811200110 ...
Over the past 70 years, government-industry cooperation, a strong work ethic, mastery of high technology, and a comparatively small defense allocation (slightly less than 1% of GDP) have helped Japan develop an advanced economy. Two notable characteristics of the post-World War II economy were the close interlocking structures of manufacturers, suppliers, and distributors, known as keiretsu, and the guarantee of lifetime employment for a substantial portion of the urban labor force. Both features have significantly eroded under the dual pressures of global competition and domestic demographic change.. Measured on a purchasing power parity basis that adjusts for price differences, Japan in 2017 stood as the fourth-largest economy in the world after first-place China, which surpassed Japan in 2001, and third-place India, which edged out Japan in 2012. For three postwar decades, overall real economic growth was impressive - averaging 10% in the 1960s, 5% in the 1970s, and 4% in the 1980s. Growth ...
This work constitutes a macro-sociological study of suicide. The empirical focus is on suicide mortality in Russia, which is among the highest in the world and has, moreover, developed in a dramatic manner over the second half of the 20th century. Suicide mortality in contemporary Russia is here placed within the context of development over a longer time period through empirical studies on 1) the general and sex- and age-specific developments in suicide over the period 1870-2007, 2) underlying dynamics of Russian suicide mortality 1956-2005 pertaining to differences between age groups, time periods, and particular generations and 3) the continuity in the aggregate-level relationship between heavy alcohol consumption and suicide mortality from late Tsarist period to post-World War II Russia. In addition, a fourth study explores an alternative to Émile Durkheims dominating macro-sociological perspective on suicide by making use of Niklas Luhmanns theory of social systems. With the help of ...
Antibiotic resistance has been framed by Dame Sally Davies, the Chief Medical Officer for England, as "a ticking time bomb . . . arguably as important as climate change for the world." Responding to the issue, on March 27th, President Obamas Task Force for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria released its National Action Plan. This is not the first time that reformers have called for a crusade to implement the rational use of antibiotics, or to keep up with antibiotic resistance. History shows that merely surfacing the issues around antibiotic resistance doesnt ensure the will and funding necessary to enact a solution to the problem.. Antibiotics were the leading representatives of the post-World War II wonder drug revolution. They radically transformed medical practice, underpinning advancements ranging from chemotherapy to critical care medicine, but they simultaneously altered the expectations of patients with lesser (and indeed, unresponsive) conditions like head colds. And from the ...
Excerpted from Enduring Vietnam: An American Generation and Its War, by James Wright, published by Thomas Dunne Books, St. Martins Press. Copyright 2017 Enduring Vietnam looks at the generation that grew up in post-World War II America and their war. During the 1960s, and likely even more so as the years have passed, many veterans would reject the ownership implicit in calling the American War in Vietnam "their war." But it was that generations war. As youngsters, most joined older generations in supporting it at the outset and many served in it. If not always eagerly or even willingly, they served. They may legitimately deny responsibility for starting the war-their parents and grandparents generations did that for them-but they cannot deny that this war marked them profoundly. And they marked the war.. More than 10 million baby boomers served in the armed forces in the 1960s and early 1970s. Nearly 10 percent of the men in that generation went to Vietnam. As the war dragged on in the ...
Karlheinz Stockhausen, the great German composer who envisioned music as a force of cosmic revolution and who himself became a musical force of nature, having an unprecedented impact on both high and popular post-World War II culture, has died. Among his most important pieces was what has come to be considered the first classic electronic score, Gesang der Junglinge (Song of the Youths), which he described in 1955 as the birth of space music. Once, when asked what he might suggest be programmed with the difficult score for a performance by student ensembles at Tanglewood in Massachusetts, he replied that the evening should be Gruppen, a lecture on Gruppen, then Gruppen again. Around this time, he began spending time in Tokyo as well, and elements of ceremonial ancient Japanese music entered into his compositional vocabulary. [...] by the late 70s, when he had begun his huge operatic project, he was living in a specially designed house in Kurten, on the outskirts of Cologne, with two of
The aims of this module are to provide at an advanced level the sources and methods of quantitative economic history, together with a review of some major findings of economic historical research of interest to economists. This course deals with selected issues during the period of modern economic growth that is, from the industrial revolution until the present time. Within this time frame a comparison will be made between the nature of the growth process in Western Europe during the 19th and the 20th century and that of the post-World War II experience of the East Asian and Latin American countries. The course will address the issue of transferability or replicability of the European experience under different institutional and social conditions. Important questions include: How did globalization begin? When and why did it lead to development or underdevelopment, did it play a role in the great divergence in income between the West and the rest of the world. What was the impact of colonialism ...
The role of the United States will be an important shaper of the international order in 2020. Washington may be increasingly confronted with the challenge of managing-at an acceptable cost to itself-relations with Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and others absent a single overarching threat on which to build consensus. Although the challenges ahead will be daunting, the United States will retain enormous advantages, playing a pivotal role across the broad range of issues-economic, technological, political, and military-that no other state will match by 2020. Some trends we probably can bank on include dramatically altered alliances and relationships with Europe and Asia, both of which formed the bedrock of US power in the post-World War II period. The EU, rather than NATO, will increasingly become the primary institution for Europe, and the role which Europeans shape for themselves on the world stage is most likely to be projected through it. Dealing with the US-Asia relationship may arguably be ...
This fully searchable digital archive includes firsthand accounts from reputable sources around the world, covering such important events as post-World War II Jewish resettlement, South African apartheid, Latin American migrations to the United States and much more [more info] ...
www.healthycitizens.com was established in 2000 as the website for Citizens Against Human Experimentation. At the time I, Richard Perlman,was living in Washington DC investigating Post-World War II medical research with emphasis on the United States involuntary human experimentation programs. I am particulary interested in the relationship of the military-intelligence-medical-pharmaceutical communities in the development of cerebral cortex programs. Since April 2003, I have lived and traveled throughout Asia and Oceania. For more biographical information about me, please read "American Guinea Pig: My Struggle for Health and Freedom", my first posting, July 10,2007. I am 64 and believe I have been an American Guinea Pig most of my life.This blog may be my "last hurrah"; it is important I succeed. Those, who wish to message with me can contact me, Richard_P_10021, on Yahoo Messenger. They can also follow my posts on Twitter. I am presently in Bangkok,Thailand and may be contacted at +66(2)259-1931 ...
Population decline: Problems and countermeasures. Presentation on 9 December 2014 by Paul Demeny (Demeny Pal Gyorgy). Distinguished Scholar of the Populat Council,. External Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Abstract. In the post-World War II decades the central international demographic issue was the extraordinarily rapid rate of population growth in the so-called third world. In the past seventy years the wide differential between rich and less developed countries in terms of changing population size resulting from markedly different patterns of the transition from relatively high fertility and high mortality to low fertility and low mortality had far-reaching economic, social, and geopolitical consequences. Rapid population growth in the LDCs imposed added economic burdens on the latter groups development and generated national and international programs seeking to moderate the resulting imbalance between resources and population size. Nevertheless, the population growth ...
This thesis is a study of a post-World War II polio epidemic in one small Southwest Virginian town before widespread application of the vaccine. While others have explored urban public health responses to polio and national efforts to promote prevention and treatment efforts, in this history I look at reactions to the disease at the local level in this rural community particularly hard-hit by an acute medical event. The central question addressed in the research is how the polio epidemic changed the nature of community. Prior to the polio epidemic in this rural Southwest Virginian town, community meant creating and strengthening social ties throughout town- most visibly through large social functions and leisure gatherings such as church or baseball. Through identifying and analyzing reactions to the epidemic among families/individuals, the public health, and business, a transition emerged. Being a part of community during the summer polio epidemic meant protecting the public health while ...
Under the 1949 Geneva Conventions, collective punishment is a war crime. By collective punishment, the drafters of the Geneva Conventions had in mind the reprisal killings of World War I and World War II. In the First World War, during the Rape of Belgium, the Germans executed Belgian villagers in mass retribution for resistance activity. In World War II, the Germans carried out a form of collective punishment to suppress resistance. Entire villages or towns or districts were held responsible for any resistance activity that occurred in them.[3] The conventions, to counter this, reiterated the principle of individual responsibility. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Commentary to the conventions states that parties to a conflict often would resort to intimidatory measures to terrorize the population in hopes of preventing hostile acts, but such practices strike at guilty and innocent alike. They are opposed to all principles based on humanity and justice ...
In this presentation, perspectives are given on past and current demographic trends for American metropolitan areas. Changing demographics suggest a number of provocative issues and questions for transforming to smarter urban landscapes and communities. The populations and land areas of metropolitan America are dispersed outside the core central cities. The current sprawling structure of urban America is an artifact of the post-World War II baby and housing booms; metropolitan development patterns reflect not only of the rising dominance of automobility, but also the very different demographics extant then than today. A pressing, multifaceted demographic disconnect now exists between demography and physical form. Demographic trends are presented for three time periods: the span since the 1946-1964 baby boom; the decade between the 2000 and 2010 censuses; and post-2010. Trends are detailed for components of change (fertility, mortality, international migration, domestic migration) and measures ...
26 Feb 2016 New Zealands relationship with the United States in the post-World War II period was closely History of U.S. Relations With New Zealand 14 Apr 2015 Date: August 2006. ISSN: 0-9775002-1-7. History of the Indigenous Vote [PDF 1.3MB]. Contents. Introduction; In the Beginning; New People and New Laws; Section 41 Women were not allowed to vote in any Australian colony until or the islands of the Pacific, except New Zealand from voting unless Unless otherwise indicated, the date signifies the year women were granted the right currently have a Parliament or have had one at some point in their history. Netherlands (to vote), New Zealand (to stand for election), Sweden*, Ukraine The 20-year history of online dating, he says, can be read as three epochs. might be more wary of women who look like theyve got a lot of relationship history. through the online dating history of love-lorn new zealand pensioner antony. internet dating geneva Culture of New Zealand - history, people, women, ...
www.healthycitizens.com was established in 2000 as the website for Citizens Against Human Experimentation. At the time I, Richard Perlman,was living in Washington DC investigating Post-World War II medical research with emphasis on the United States involuntary human experimentation programs. I am particulary interested in the relationship of the military-intelligence-medical-pharmaceutical communities in the development of cerebral cortex programs. Since April 2003, I have lived and traveled throughout Asia and Oceania. For more biographical information about me, please read "American Guinea Pig: My Struggle for Health and Freedom", my first posting, July 10,2007. I am 64 and believe I have been an American Guinea Pig most of my life.This blog may be my "last hurrah"; it is important I succeed. Those, who wish to message with me can contact me, Richard_P_10021, on Yahoo Messenger. They can also follow my posts on Twitter. I am presently in Bangkok,Thailand and may be contacted at +66(2)259-1931 ...
Moravia contracted tuberculosis of the bone (a form of osteomyelitis usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis) at the age of 8, but, during several years in which he was confined to bed and two years in sanatoriums, he studied French, German, and English; read Giovanni Boccaccio, Ludovico Ariosto, William Shakespeare, and Molière; and began to write. Moravia was a journalist for a time in Turin and a foreign correspondent in London. His first novel, Gli indifferenti(1929; Time of Indifference), is a scathingly realistic study of the moral corruption of a middle-class mother and two of her children. It became a sensation. Some of his more important novels are Agostino (1944; Two Adolescents); La Romana(1947; The Woman of Rome); La disubbidienza (1948; Disobedience); and Il conformista (1951; The Conformist), all on themes of isolation and alienation. La ciociara (1957; Two Women) tells of an adaptation to post-World War II Italian life.La noia (1960; The Empty Canvas) is the story of a ...
Evolving cultural expectations and standards combined with biological factors have contributed to the steady increases in the incidence of alcoholism among women that we have been witnessing over the past three decades. But there is another disturbing statistic that adds a different dimension to the problem-almost three-fourths of all female alcoholics questioned about their pasts have reported incidents of physical or sexual abuse that occurred in childhood (28 percent of all male alcoholics have reported the same). These numbers are both alarming and perhaps quite revealing, as they raise the possibility that increases in alcohol dependency among women in the post-World War II era, when alcoholism rates first started to trend upward, are being influenced by a hidden epidemic of child abuse.. This association is not certain-it could be that more women are turning to alcohol as a way to cope with abuse than had previously been the case-but the alcoholism-child abuse relationship does show that ...
Publishers Description: Rachel Buffs innovative study of festivals in two American communities launches a substantive inquiry into the nature of citizenship, race, and social power. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork as well as archival research, Buff compares American Indian powwows in Minneapolis with the West Indian American Day Carnival in New York. She demonstrates the historical, theoretical, and cultural links between two groups who are rarely thought of together and in so doing illuminates our understanding of the meaning of home and citizenship in the post-World War II period. The book also follows the history of federal Indian and immigration policy in this period, tracing the ways that migrant and immigrant identities are created by both national boundaries and transnational cultural memory. In addition to offering fascinating discussions of these lively and colorful festivals, Buff shows that their importance is not just as a form of performance or entertainment, but also as crucial ...
Milt Hinton: African American jazz musician, a highly versatile bassist who came of age in the swing era and became one of the favourite bassists of post-World War II jazz. Hinton grew up in...
Closer to home, the projections for the United States warrant comment as they have more direct implications for Canadas economy. The UN expects the US population to grow by almost 70 million people by 2045, the size equivalent of two current-day Canadas, and more than five times the growth expected for China. And while growth in the US working-age segment is expected to be ten percent over the next 30 years (versus 21 percent overall), the consequences of its post-World War II baby boom will certainly be felt: aging boomers will see the US seniors population grow at almost four times the rate of the population as a whole, at 75 percent. ...
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This course focuses on the latest wave of globalization - its basic causes, the benefits it promises, and the discontents it produces in its way. We will follow both a politico-economic approach to the globalization process and pay attention to the issues of cultural globalization (for example, the debate over the formation of a global hegemonic culture). The course will explore the previous two phases of capitalist industrialization (competitive and Fordist/oligopolistic) before moving to the present third phase which has been variably called Post-industrial, Informatic, or, simply, Global. We will study in detail the post-World War II causes of rapid globalization from both a neo-classical and a neo-Marxist perspective, and analyze the assessments and predictions they make regarding its benefits (e.g. economic growth) and/or costs (e.g. growing North-South gap, effects on environment). We will pay attention to the effects of globalization on American society - cities, jobs, the safety net, ...
This course focuses on the latest wave of globalization - its basic causes, the benefits it promises, and the discontents it produces in its way. We will follow both a politico-economic approach to the globalization process and pay attention to the issues of cultural globalization (for example, the debate over the formation of a global hegemonic culture). The course will explore the previous two phases of capitalist industrialization (competitive and Fordist/oligopolistic) before moving to the present third phase which has been variably called Post-industrial, Informatic, or, simply, Global. We will study in detail the post-World War II causes of rapid globalization from both a neo-classical and a neo-Marxist perspective, and analyze the assessments and predictions they make regarding its benefits (e.g. economic growth) and/or costs (e.g. growing North-South gap, effects on environment). We will pay attention to the effects of globalization on American society - cities, jobs, the safety net, ...
In post-World War II New York, fundamentalists and liberals swapped places. Neo-evangelicals like Billy Graham, descended theologically from fundamentalists, rejected the prophetic style and rhetoric of a Billy Sunday or a John Roach Straton, opting instead to bid for social inclusion. Meanwhile, at Riverside Church, William Sloane Coffin took the pulpit in the mid-1970s. He spoke frequently of prophecy, but tended to use the term simply as a form of political activism, rather than insisting upon its spiritual relevance. While earlier liberal evangelicals had sought to combine social activism with spiritual rebirth, Coffin seemed content only with the former.
Amazon.com One of the major problems with modern country revolves around the fact that--save George Jones, Merle Haggard, and Loretta Lynn--almost all the characters who poured the foundation for post-World War II hillbilly culture are dead or no longer recording. Which brings us to the miracle of Porter Wagoners new ...
This is a 27 slide, highly animated, power point presentations on the Pre & Post & Post World Eras - Treaties & Occupations. Each of the presentation slides are editable so you can change it to fit your individual needs. The most trans-formative conflict in history, World War
Looking for 1st World War? Find out information about 1st World War. 1914-18, also known as the Great War, conflict, chiefly in Europe, among most of the great Western powers. It was the largest war the world had yet seen.... Explanation of 1st World War
Thousands of Russian soldiers, sailors and airmen thronged Red Square on Saturday for military parades and theatrical performances marking the 53rd anniversary of the World War II victory over the Nazis. President Boris Yeltsin told the 5,000 military members that they were still needed to guarantee Russias integrity and prevent a recurrence of world war. An estimated 27 million Soviet citizens died in World War II.
This pamphlet was distributed by the Ohio Fuel Gas Company (a subsidiary of Columbia Gas Company) during World War II. The pamphlet includes information on canning methods for vegetables and meats and advice on drying and freezing foods. It is 15 pages and measures 9" x 6" (22.86 x 15.24 cm). During World War II (1941-1945), many people supplemented the food they had available for personal use by planting vegetable gardens, both to support the war effort and due to food shortages and rationing. The gardens were promoted widely by the government and industry, and were known as "victory gardens" due to their importance to the war effort. Gardens were planted during World War I as well, but were called "war gardens" until the end of the war, when the term "victory garden" came into use ...
Downloadable! This paper presents insights on U.S. business cycle volatility since 1867 de- rived from diffusion indices. We employ a Bayesian dynamic factor model to obtain aggregate and sectoral economic activity indices. We find a remarkable increase in volatility across World War I, which is reversed after World War II. While we can generate evidence of postwar moderation relative to pre-1914, this evidence is not robust to structural change, implemented by time-varying factor loadings. We do find evidence of moderation in the nominal series, however, and reproduce the standard result of moderation since the 1980s. Our estimates broadly confirm the NBER historical business cycle chronology as well the National Income and Product Accounts, except for World War II where they support alternative estimates of Kuznets (1952).
We heard an incredible update late last year about Alvin Hersey - who is among one of Bridgtons eldest living alumni. Now residing in The Villages, Florida, Alvin was asked to participate in the "Villages Honor Flight" - a hub of the National Honor Flight Network - to see the war memorials in Washington, D.C. Born in 1916, Alvin served in the Army during World War II, during which he spent time in "Stalag 5" as a prisoner of war. The Honor Flight included veterans from both World War II and Korea. Upon his return from the Honor Flight, Alvin and his fellow veterans were greeted by community members for a homecoming celebration. Alvin is currently the oldest veteran living in The Villages. To watch Alvin discuss his service to our country in a video created by The World War Two Veterans History Project, click here. Thank you, Alvin, for your service to our country and for continuing to be an inspiration ...
Congress authorized the Veterans History Project to capture the memories and stories of thousands of veterans for future generations. More than 21 million Americans served in both world wars. Six million veterans of World War II were alive in 2000. By 2016 only 620,000 World War II veterans remained, and their number is rapidly diminishing. General Records of the U.S. Government, National Archives and Records Administration
They arrived in Europe in January 1945, entered combat on March 12, 1945 and liberated Ohrdruf concentration camp on April 6th. During or immediately after the liberation of Ohrdruf, he took a number of "proof" pictures of the atrocities and conditions of the camp. He took few as he was too emotionally overwhelmed to continue. His photographs include inmate barracks; 3 photographs of groups of emaciated, slaughtered inmates; a Polish slave survivor acting as guide; a Russian slave survivor eating "C" rations; the entryway of the SS compound; a group of 4 survivors in the entry of building #2 at the camp; crematoria at Dachau; entryway at Dachau, after the liberation when it was already set aside as a memorial; Dachau torture manikins; entrance to the Jewish Lagar at Deggendorf; entrance to Ohrdruf; a photo of non-specific buildings at Ohrdruf; a photo of Burger Beau Heller where Hitler started out, in Munich. There is also a photograph of freed British POW taken at Zwickau Germany right after ...
This is a public domain sound effect from Pond5: Free to download, free to use. BBC Churchill Finest Hour Speech (Newsreels World War 2): A collection of radio newsreels aired throughout World War II. ...
Thus far, three types of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) (i.e., nuclear weapons, chemical weapons and biological weapons), have been developed. Although there are international treaties that prohibit the development, stockpiling and use of WMDs, the ghost of WMDs has still occasionally appeared during wars in recent decades. For example, the United States bombed Japan with nuclear weapons [51] during World War II. Additionally, data revealed that Unit 731 of the Imperial Japanese Army, known as the Epidemic Prevention and Water Purification Department during World War II, conducted germ warfare attacks [52] in China. The Gulf War was launched by the United States and its allies based on the suspicion that the Iraqi government had its WMD programs. Finally, no evidence of WMDs was found in Iraq after the war. However, during that war, depleted uranium bombs were applied which contained radioactive uranium. Some believed that depleted uranium bombs were not nuclear weapons, and thus the ...
Identity, spiritual potential of the Soviet society and formation of memory of the Great Patriotic War: Dialogue of the past with the present The paper gives reason to laws of historical continuity in destiny of Russia as factor of self-preservation in the conditions of threat to independence and inadmissibility of distortion of truth about World War II and the Great Patriotic War. On the basis of the analysis of German estimations the author reveals distinctions in approaches to elucidation of results and lessons of World War II and the Great Patriotic War in Russia and Germany. Also attention is paid to importance of development of meaningful dialogue between historians of two countries on these problems. Post-war generations need the authentic and originally scientific history of this difficult period reconstructed on the versatile source basis. Comprehension of the taken lessons forms identity and develops world outlook preferences of young generations of German and Russian citizens. ...
Identity, spiritual potential of the Soviet society and formation of memory of the Great Patriotic War: Dialogue of the past with the present The paper gives reason to laws of historical continuity in destiny of Russia as factor of self-preservation in the conditions of threat to independence and inadmissibility of distortion of truth about World War II and the Great Patriotic War. On the basis of the analysis of German estimations the author reveals distinctions in approaches to elucidation of results and lessons of World War II and the Great Patriotic War in Russia and Germany. Also attention is paid to importance of development of meaningful dialogue between historians of two countries on these problems. Post-war generations need the authentic and originally scientific history of this difficult period reconstructed on the versatile source basis. Comprehension of the taken lessons forms identity and develops world outlook preferences of young generations of German and Russian citizens. ...
On This Date In 1941 The Razing of or the Holocaust of Kandanos refers to the complete destruction of the village of Kandanos in Greece and the execution of several of its inhabitants on June 3, 1941 by German occupying forces during World War II. It was ordered by Generaloberst Kurt Student in reprisal for the participation of the local population in the Battle of Crete that had held advancing German soldiers for two days and constituted one of the most atrocious war crimes committed during the occupation of Crete by Axis forces in World War II ...
A top commander of a Nazi SS-led unit accused of burning villages filled with women and children lied to American immigration officials to get into the United States and has been living in Minnesota since shortly after World War II, according to evidence uncovered by The Associated Press. Michael Karkoc, 94, told American authorities in 1949 that he had performed no military service during World War II, concealing his work as an officer and founding member of the SS-led Ukrainian Self Defense Legion and later as an officer in the SS Galician Division, according to records obtained by the AP through a Freedom of Information Act request. The Galician Division and a Ukrainian nationalist organization he served in were both on a secret American government blacklist of organizations whose members were forbidden from entering the United States at the time. Though records do not show that Karkoc had a direct hand in war crimes, statements from men in his unit and other documentation confirm the ...
A top commander of a Nazi SS-led unit accused of burning villages filled with women and children lied to American immigration officials to get into the United States and has been living in Minnesota since shortly after World War II, according to evidence uncovered by The Associated Press. Michael Karkoc, 94, told American authorities in 1949 that he had performed no military service during World War II, concealing his work as an officer and founding member of the SS-led Ukrainian Self Defense Legion and later as an officer in the SS Galician Division, according to records obtained by the AP through a Freedom of Information Act request. The Galician Division and a Ukrainian nationalist organization he served in were both on a secret American government blacklist of organizations whose members were forbidden from entering the United States at the time. Though records do not show that Karkoc had a direct hand in war crimes, statements from men in his unit and other documentation confirm the ...
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Few Americans have heard of Operation Paperclip. Among those who have, the majority do not know its true extent because the U.S. government has successfully concealed most of the facts surrounding the project. Instead, the government has passed it off as a short-term operation limited to an innocent investigation of Germanys scientists after World War II. In reality, Operation Paperclip, as documented by authors such as John Loftus in his book The Belarus Secret, was the largest and longest-running operation involving Nazis in the history of the United States, and its effects are still being felt today.. At the close of World War II, U.S. officials and the Allied countries discovered that Germany had developed a technical superiority far beyond what they had imagined. In Nazi Germany, 20,000 scientists had revolutionized the weapons of war, and reports written by Allied investigators described the Germans "astonishing achievement" and "superb inventions." In order to learn about the new German ...
LOS ANGELES - For as long as he can remember, Rishi Sharmas heroes havent been sports stars or movie stars or any other kind of stars. Theyve been the U.S. combat veterans who won World War II.Alarmed that even the youngest of them are now in their 90s and dying each day by the hundreds, the Southern California teenager has launched a campaign to try to ensure each ones legacy.
Over the last few years, the safety record of U.S. commercial airlines has improved to the point where the statistics on accidents are negligible. The overwhelming numbers of aviation fatalities occur in General Aviation (GA) accidents. While the fatal accident rate has improved-from around 5.0 per 100,000 miles flown in the post-World War II era to varying between 1.2 and 1.5 since 1996-it still results in 450 to 700 deaths per year. In 2013, improving GA safety was on the National Transportation Safety Boards (NTSBs) most wanted list. The NTSB has cited a lack of aeronautical knowledge as the cause of many of these accidents. If pilots are required to pass Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) knowledge and practical tests prior to obtaining a new pilot certificate, how could they not possess the knowledge needed to operate in the National Airspace System (NAS)? Some, attributing it to a failure to learn basic aeronautical knowledge, are concerned that potential pilots memorize the answers ...
Sachsenhausen concentration camp, located in Oranienburg, Germany, was established in 1936 and used primarily for political prisoners. Its location, 22 miles north of Berlin, gave it a primary position among German concentration camps, and in fact the administrative center of all the camps was in Oranienburg. Sachsenhausen was also a training center for SS officers. Gross-Rosen concentration camp, established in 1940 as a satellite of Sachsenhausen, was actually a network of close to 100 subcamps located in eastern Germany, Czechoslovakia, and occupied Poland. At its peak in 1944, this network of camps housed 11% of the total number of inmates in Nazi concentration camps ...
Unethical human experimentation violates the principles of medical ethics. It has been performed by countries including Nazi Germany, Imperial Japan, North Korea, the United States, and the Soviet Union. Examples include Project MKUltra, Unit 731, Totskoye nuclear exercise,[18] the experiments of Josef Mengele, and the human experimentation conducted by Chester M. Southam.. Nazi Germany performed human experimentation on large numbers of prisoners (including children), largely Jews from across Europe, but also Romani, Sinti, ethnic Poles, Soviet POWs and disabled Germans, by Nazi Germany in its concentration camps mainly in the early 1940s, during World War II and the Holocaust. Prisoners were forced into participating; they did not willingly volunteer and no consent was given for the procedures. Typically, the experiments resulted in death, trauma, disfigurement or permanent disability, and as such are considered as examples of medical torture. After the war, these crimes were tried at what ...
The modern republic of Austria came into being in 1918 as a result of its defeat in World War I. In its wake, the empire was split into many components. They included Austrias current borders, an independent Hungary, lands given to Italy (South Tyrol, Trieste and Trentino), lands given to southern Poland (which also came about from lands taken from the Russian and German Empires), and an independent Czechoslovakia and the northern and western half of Yugoslavia. Following an unresisted invasion and annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938, Austria more or less functioned as a part of Nazi Germany during the Second World War. Thus, a large proportion of the population supported Hitler and Austrias incorporation into Germany. Austrian soldiers also fought in the Wehrmacht. Cities were bombed heavily by the Allies and concentration camps also existed on Austrian soil (such as Mauthausen near Linz).
The use of the name Crna Gora or Black Mountain (Montenegro) began in the 13th century in reference to a highland region in the Serbian province of Zeta. The later medieval state of Zeta maintained its existence until 1496 when Montenegro finally fell under Ottoman rule. Over subsequent centuries, Montenegro managed to maintain a level of autonomy within the Ottoman Empire. From the 16th to 19th centuries, Montenegro was a theocracy ruled by a series of bishop princes; in 1852, it transformed into a secular principality. Montenegro was recognized as an independent sovereign principality at the Congress of Berlin in 1878. After World War I, during which Montenegro fought on the side of the Allies, Montenegro was absorbed by the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which became the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929; at the conclusion of World War II, it became a constituent republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. When the latter dissolved in 1992, Montenegro federated with Serbia, ...
Many organisms similar to Sal. enteritidis were discovered even before the First World War. However, up to and including the period of World War 1, there is no substantial literature on either Salmonella or food poisoning. Scattered reports are available on what were then designated as the paratyphoid fevers. This group consisted of a variety of gastroenteric conditions similar, though not identical, to typhoid fever. It is generally believed that the paratyphoid fevers were by no means a major problem to the United States Army during World War I but what might be more accurately described as a nuisance. During 1916 and 1917, there were sporadic and epidemic occurrences of the disease in United States Army personnel along the Texas-Mexico border and in Mexico itself. Soon after, it was learned that outbreaks were occurring in France among British and French troops. In July 1917, the United States Army incorporated paratyphoid A and paratyphoid B organisms in its regular typhoid vaccine. Table 71 ...
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The reception was followed by an amazing Holidays in the Heartland concert performed by faculty and students from our School of Music. This years concert focused on the rich musical heritage of World War I and also featured songs from the American Revolution, Civil War and the end of the 19th century, as well as patriotic tunes honoring military veterans. It was great to see the Schuster Center filled with people who count on this concert each year to kick off the holiday season. Congratulations to the many Music faculty, staff, and students who worked tirelessly to put together this incredible concert, and a special Kudos to Director Hank Dahlman and CELIA Fellow Paul Lockhart.. WSUs recent Annual Kristallnacht Commemoration featured a lecture on "Medicine, the Holocaust, and Religious Ethics" by Ashley Fernandes, Association Director for the Center for Bioethics and Medical Humanities at The Ohio State University College of Medicine. This event remembered the tragedies suffered by the Jewish ...