Edited by Dr. Miguel Ángel Royo-Bordonada. This thematic series on public health ethics follows a previous Public Health Reviews issue on the topic of public health ethics training in the European region, to emphasize the neglect and the importance of the topic for public health education in Europe. The current issue evolved from a Working Group of the Association of Schools of Public Health in the European Region (ASPHER) which was mandated to develop public health ethics curriculum materials for European schools of public health, as well as for practitioners and policy makers. Training of public health professionals in this field is essential to ensure confidence, credibility and public trust, when addressing the wide range of ethical conflicts that arise frequently in public health policy and practice.. Publication charges for this collection were funded by ASPHER. Articles have undergone the journal's standard peer-review process overseen by the Guest Editor, who declares no competing ...
Intent: We will describe a partnership between three universities, two in Norway and one in Canada, in order to illustrate how the integration of occupational science and public health perspectives on diverse health determinants contributed to interdisciplinary graduate education through a collaborative international exchange. Two specific initiatives will be addressed: the development of integrated occupational science and public health curriculum materials, and the participation of students from each country in courses at the institutions overseas. Argument: The conditions of everyday life and the occupations these conditions enable are well recognized as key determinants of health and well-being within occupational science, occupational therapy and public health. Within occupational science in particular, there is growing recognition that full realization of the vision of health promotion through occupation requires expanding beyond individual-level approaches in order to address socio-political
Self-rated health status (SRHS) is a reliable and valid measure for assessing the subjective and objective health of individuals. Previous studies have either focused predominantly on the elderly or investigated only a narrow range of factors potentially associated with SRHS. In examining student populations, these past studies were limited to single countries. The objectives of this study were to assess which candidate variables were independently associated with SRHS in university students, to compare these variables by country and by gender, and to investigate which of the variables was most important as a rating frame for SRHS. The data is from the Cross-National Student Health Survey, conducted in 2005 in universities in Germany, Bulgaria, and Poland (n = 2103; mean age = 20.7 years). SRHS was assessed with a single question using a five-point scale ranging from 'excellent' to 'poor'. The study also measured a wide range of variables including: physical and psychological health, studying, social
PREVENTION OF DENTAL CARIES THROUGH THE EFFECTIVE USE OF FLUORIDE - THE PUBLIC HEALTH APPROACH. Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) emphasizes that dental caries is a severe public health problem across the world. The current global and regional patterns of dental caries reflect distinct risk profiles of countries which relate to the structure of the society, living conditions, lifestyles, and the existence of preventive oral health programmes. Research conducted in high income countries documents that systematic use of fluoride reduces the burden of dental caries; such research is scarce in low and middle income countries.. Objectives: This article reviews the evidence on effective use of fluoride, highlights the public health approach to fluoridation, and clarifies how automatic fluoridation contributes to breaking social inequities in dental caries.. Data collection: Scientific publications on fluoride administration stored in PubMed/Medline and caries data from the WHO ...
LIFEPATH. Tennessee's Public Health Training Center. The Tennessee Long-Distance Internet Facilitated Educational Program for Applied Training in Health (Tennessee LIFEPATH) is a workforce development partnership aimed at public health employees in the state of Tennessee. Tennessee LIFEPATH's mission is to provide a home for the collaborative partnership between Tennessee's academic public health training providers and the Tennessee's public health workforce, and to provide comprehensive, competency-based training for that workforce. LIFEPATH's vision is to be a vital collaboration that will provide multiple entry points for public health workers to obtain public health education and training designed to improve their skills, experiences, and competencies. LIFEPATH provides a wide range of academic and non-academic programs to assure that Tennessee's public health workforce has the knowledge, skills, and training to meet Tennessee's present and forthcoming health challenges. Tennessee LIFEPATH ...
Women's health issues have been gaining wide attention and are now at the top of the health-research agenda. Scientifically supported nutrition information is being provided to help women understand ways to prevent disease and maintain health.
Public Health Recommendations for the Prevention and Control of Head Lice Infestation in Schools and Child Care Settings A Guide for School and Child Care Setting Administrators For further information call or visit us on the World Wide Web Acute Disease Service Oklahoma State Department of Health Phone (405) 271-4060 http://ads.health.ok.gov FOREWARD The Head Lice Control Manual is intended to: 1) provide basic information about head lice infestation, treatment, and prevention, 2) communicate the recommendations of the Oklahoma State Department of Health regarding head lice control, and 3) provide a foundation for school and child care setting head lice policies. This manual has been prepared by a joint working group consisting of: epidemiologists of the Communicable Disease Division, nurses and nurse practitioners of the Nursing Service and the Local Health Service, nurses of the School Health Program of the Maternal and Child Health Service, all of the Oklahoma State Department of Health. ...
About Journal of Women's Health Physical Therapy Journal of Women's Health Physical Therapy (JWHPT) is the official publication of the Section on Women's Health of the American Physical Therapy Association. JWHPT is a peer reviewed publication focused on the clinical interests of physical therapists practicing in women's health as well as those of other health care providers who interface with physical therapists in the health care of women.. About Section on Women's Health The Section on Women's Health of the American Physical Therapy Association is a professional association of nearly 3,000 physical therapists treating patients with pelvic and abdominal health issues worldwide. Members provide the latest evidence-based physical therapy services to everyone from childbearing women to peri-menopausal mothers, young athletes to men with incontinence or other pelvic health complications.. About Wolters Kluwer. Wolters Kluwer N.V. (AEX: WKL) is a global leader in information services and solutions ...
BACKGROUND: Millions of consumers have accessed health information online. However, little is known about their health status. OBJECTIVE: To explore use of Internet health information among those who were sicker (fair/poor general health status) compared with those reported being healthier. METHODS: A national, random-digit telephone survey by the Pew Internet & American Life Project identified 521 Internet users who go online for health care information. Our primary independent variable was general health status rated as excellent, good, fair, or poor. Patterns of Internet use, and types of information searched were assessed. RESULTS: Among the 521 users, 64% were female, most (87%) were white, and median age was 42 years. Most individuals indicated that they learned something new online (81%) and indicated that they believe most information on the Internet (52%). Compared with those with excellent/good health, those with fair/poor health (N = 59) were relative newcomers to the Internet but tended
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This systematic review provides clear evidence that FGM/C entails harms to women's physical health throughout their life, from the moment of cutting as an infant or child, to sexuality and childbirth in adulthood. Predictably, the most common direct, procedure-related complication includes haemorrhage, most likely resulting from laceration of the internal pudendal artery or the clitoral artery. It is difficult to determine the number of females who die from procedure-related complications. Only a few studies reported death, but highly publicised fatalities from FGM/C heighten the awareness of the possible harms posed by the procedure, such as three recent cases in Egypt and Kenya.88-90. We found several long-term consequences of FGM/C, including increased risks of urinary tract infections, bacterial vaginosis, dyspareunia and obstetric complications. Studies have been published since we conducted our search, and they corroborate our findings.91-98 The identified risks from FGM/C are also ...
TRANSITIONAL CAREER DEVELOPMENT AWARD IN WOMEN'S HEALTH RESEARCH Release Date: January 14, 2000 RFA NUMBER: OD-00-003 National Institute on Aging National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases National Cancer Institute National Institute of Child Health and Human Development National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research National Institute on Drug Abuse National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute National Institute of Mental Health National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke National Institute of Nursing Research Office of Research on Women's Health Foundation for the National Institutes of Health Pfizer Women's Health, Pfizer Inc National Foundation for Biomedical Research PURPOSE The NIH Office of Research on Women's Health (ORWH) invites applications for the Transitional Career Development Award in Women's Health Research. This award is designed to ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Better breast cancer survival for postmenopausal women who are less overweight and eat less fat. The Iowa women's health study. AU - Zhang, S.. AU - Folsom, A. R.. AU - Sellers, T. A.. AU - Kushi, L. H.. AU - Potter, J. D.. PY - 1995/7/15. Y1 - 1995/7/15. N2 - Background. The authors sought to determine whether prediagnosis obesity, body‐fat distribution, and dietary intake of fats, antioxidants, and fiber may be related to survival after the diagnosis of breast cancer. Methods. The mortality rates of 698 postmenopausal patients with unilateral breast cancer in a large cohort study were analyzed. Body‐mass index, waist‐to‐hip ratio, and food‐frequency data were collected by questionnaire within 6 years before breast cancer was diagnosed. Results. Adjusted for age, women in the highest tertile of body mass index had a 1.9‐fold higher risk (95% confidence interval = 1.0‐3.7) of dying after breast cancer than those in the lowest tertile; adjusted for other prognostic ...
Established in 1996, Oxford Women's Health is located on level 1 of Forte Health, 132 Peterborough Street, Christchurch. Oxford Women's Health is committed to providing leading edge diagnostic and treatment options, and outstanding patient care.. At Oxford Women's Health we bring together Christchurch's most highly respected gynaecologists and obstetricians.. Our specialists and health professionals lead the way in the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of women's health issues. These include hysteroscopic and advanced laparoscopic surgery, investigating and treating endometriosis, obstetrics care, menopause, menstrual problems, pelvic pain, fertility, general surgery, breast surgery, gynaecological endocrinology, nutrition, diet and physiotherapy.. We strive to be leaders in our fields and maintain our reputation for advanced laparoscopic surgery. As a team we are proud to be pioneers of innovation and technology that, along with our personable approach, improves the quality of patients' ...
Background: Evidence suggests that childhood physical activity may play a role in the etiology and prevention of adult chronic diseases. Because researchers must often depend on self-recalled physical activity data many years after the exposure, it is important to understand factors which may influence adult recall of childhood physical activity. This study evaluated the influence of adult characteristics on reported childhood physical activity and the association between adult physical activity and self-recalled childhood physical activity. Methods: 48,066 post-menopausal women from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study reported their physical activity level during ages 5-9, 10-14, and 15-19. Results: In this cohort, over 65% of the population reported the same category of physical activity over the three childhood age groups. While higher levels of childhood physical activity were significantly associated with higher adult physical activity, this association varied by race/ethnicity,
BACKGROUND: Migration, for various reasons, continues to increase the immigrant population of Norway. Few studies compare adolescent ethnic Norwegians (EN) with adolescent immigrants for their health status and health behavior. This study describes differences in health status and health behavior between adolescent EN and immigrant groups from Pakistan, Somalia and Vietnam (PSV) seen as one group, and also between EN and each of the three immigrant groups. It also examines whether age at arrival in Norway and parental education impact health status and health behavior for each of the three immigrant groups. METHODS: In 2006, the Norwegian Social Research (NOVA), in cooperation with the city of Oslo (Drug Competence Center), carried out a questionnaire survey in Oslo schools for 11,500 pupils aged 14-17. 10,880 individuals answered the questionnaire (response rate of 93%). Health status in terms of self-assessed health, mental health status and chronic physical illness and health behavior in ...
A new survey indicates that small hospitals expect bigger hospitals to lead the drive toward a new health delivery model, where clinically integrated networks will provide care and insure the patients receiving it.. The survey, from the New York-based consultancy firm, Kurt Salmon, discovered that 77 percent of respondents see clinical integration initiatives occurring in their markets. Eighty-one percent of the community hospital executives surveyed said they believe clinically integrated networks will develop their own insurance product or develop one through collaboration with a payer.. The survey also revealed that most are under the belief that large health systems and hospitals will develop clinically integrated networks. Only 18.5 percent of respondents believed hospitals with under 300 beds could build one, while 61 percent see large regional health systems in their markets positioning themselves to own the entire integrated care continuum. Large, urban hospitals are three times more ...
Adgate JL, Goldstein BD, McKenzie LM. 2014. Potential public health hazards, exposures and health effects from unconventional natural gas development. Environ Sci Technol 48(15):8307-8320.. Bell IR, Baldwin CM, Schwartz GE. 1998. Illness from low levels of environmental chemicals: relevance to chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia. Am J Med 105(3A):74S-82S.. Bhattacharyya N. 2009. Contemporary assessment of the disease burden of sinusitis. Am J Rhinol Allergy 23(4):392-395.. Burch RC, Loder S, Loder E, Smitherman TA. 2015. The prevalence and burden of migraine and severe headache in the United States: updated statistics from government health surveillance studies. Headache 55(1):21-34.. Casey JA, Curriero FC, Cosgrove SE, Nachman KE, Schwartz BS. 2013. High-density livestock operations, crop field application of manure, and risk of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in Pennsylvania. JAMA Intern Med 173(21):1980-1990.. Casey JA, Savitz DA, Rasmussen SG, ...
Rural areas in developing counties lack transportation for health delivery partly because of the geography of area [4], individual lifestyles, low household prioritization on health, and inadequacy of policy to provide transportation for health delivery as shown by our results. This challenges the effectiveness of primary health delivery programmes and strategies implemented to increase access to maternal and child health services in particular. This paper demonstrates the need for effective transportation in health delivery particularly in developing countries [11, 13] where ambulance services may not be efficient in supporting access to critical health services, and presents a framework for sustainable transportation services driven by community participation.. In the construct of the current paradigm of PHC in Ghana, referral is relied heavily upon because the main services provided under the CHPS strategy are preventive health and basic health care. This makes transportation issues very ...
The mission of the Mental Health Association is to promote an environment of empowerment and acceptance for all people dealing with mental health issues through advocacy, education, and comprehensive support services. We foster opportunities for growth, recovery, inclusion, and, most importantly HOPE. We envision a community in which all members with mental health issues are accepted, not stigmatized, and have an opportunity to reach their full potential.. Founded in 1965, the Mental Health Association of Washington County is a non-profit agency dedicated to assisting people with mental illness. For over 45 years, the Mental Health Association has played a leading role in advocacy, providing services, and educating the community.. The Mental Health Association has been a catalyst for change in improving the availability and diversity of Mental Health services. The Mental Health Association developed and operated the first social and vocational rehabilitation services in the county. Besides the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Association of pelvic organ prolapse and fractures in postmenopausal women. T2 - Analysis of baseline data from the Women's Health Initiative Estrogen Plus Progestin trial. AU - Pal, Lubna. AU - Hailpern, Susan M.. AU - Santoro, Nanette F.. AU - Freeman, Ruth. AU - Barad, David. AU - Kipersztok, Simon. AU - Barnabei, Vanessa M.. AU - Wassertheil-Smoller, Sylvia. PY - 2008/1. Y1 - 2008/1. N2 - OBJECTIVE: Testing a hypothesis that pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a focal manifestation of disordered connective tissue, we evaluated whether there is an association between POP and history of fracture. DESIGN: This was a case-control study. Baseline data were from postmenopausal women aged 60 years or older enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative Estrogen Plus Progestin trial. Distinct variants (cystocele, rectocele, and uterovaginal) and severity (mild, moderate, or severe) of POP were recognized. A history of "fracture after age 55" was considered as the event of interest. RESULTS: ...
Overall health risks exceeded benefits from use of combined estrogen plus progestin for an average 5.2-year follow-up among healthy postmenopausal US women, and the results indicate that this regimen should not be initiated or continued for primary prevention of CHD. CONTEXT Despite decades of accumulated observational evidence, the balance of risks and benefits for hormone use in healthy postmenopausal women remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE To assess the major health benefits and risks of the most commonly used combined hormone preparation in the United States. DESIGN Estrogen plus progestin component of the Women's Health Initiative, a randomized controlled primary prevention trial (planned duration, 8.5 years) in which 16608 postmenopausal women aged 50-79 years with an intact uterus at baseline were recruited by 40 US clinical centers in 1993-1998. INTERVENTIONS Participants received conjugated equine estrogens, 0.625 mg/d, plus medroxyprogesterone acetate, 2.5 mg/d, in 1 tablet (n = 8506) or
Find Women's Health/ObGyn Homeopaths in Magnolia, Montgomery County, Texas, help from Magnolia Women's Health/ObGyn Homeopaths for Women's Health/ObGyn Homeopathy in Magnolia.
Back to Researcher Profiles Sharla Smith, MPH, PhD, serves as an Assistant Professor in the Preventive Medicine and Public Health Department at the University of Kansas School of Medicine-Wichita. Dr. Smith's research focus concerns strategies for infant mortality, community health education, organizing and financing public health services, and program and partnership development. She has specific expertise in maternal and child health issues that relate to the public health systems, public health agencies, policy, and community organizations.. Her current research focuses on the association of public health delivery systems and injury related infant mortality. She has taught several public health courses including public health law, introduction to public health, introduction to health policy and politics, and epidemiology. Dr. Smith earned a Master of Public Health degree in Health Policy and Management and a PhD in Health Systems and Services Research from the University of Arkansas for ...
Background There is increasing emphasis on pharmacists' assuming responsibility for public health promotion and delivery with formal expansion of public health activities in their practice. A number of pharmacy school accreditation bodies now incorporate public health competencies within expected professional training outcomes. The objective of this study was to characterize pharmacy student perceptions towards pharmacist public health services roles and responsibilities. Methods All undergraduate students at the College of Pharmacy at Qatar University were surveyed 1 week following a student-led breast cancer awareness event. A questionnaire was devised from a literature review and comprised of 10 questions assessing pharmacy student motivations, perceptions and anticipated comfort with various pharmacist-conducted public health activities. Results Ninety-four per cent of students responded, most having participated in the breast cancer awareness event. They generally felt pharmacist ...
Racial/ethnic differences in health are evident among men. Previous work suggests associations between mental and physical health but few studies have examined how mood/anxiety disorders and chronic physical health conditions covary by age, race, and ethnicity among men. Using data from 1,277 African American, 629 Caribbean Black, and 371 non-Hispanic White men from the National Survey of American Life, we examined associations between race/ethnicity and experiencing one or more chronic physical health conditions in logistic regression models stratified by age and 12-month mood/anxiety disorder status. Among men ,45 years without mood/anxiety disorders, Caribbean Blacks had lower odds of chronic physical health conditions than Whites. Among men aged 45+ years with mood/anxiety disorders, African Americans had greater odds of chronic physical health conditions than Whites. Future studies should explore the underlying causes of such variation and how studying mental and chronic physical health ...
Mental Health Status of Prisoners in Jail It is recognized that one of the major issues in jail management is responding to the needs of a growing number of inmates with mental health problems. The purpose of this study was to assess the nature and severity of mental health problems among inmate population. The mental health status of 1,500 (1,337 responded) inmates of the 30 prisons located in nationwide area was examined using Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). And the scores on MMPI were examined in relation to some offender characteristics such as type of offence, treatment classification, frequence of discipline. The result indicates that the percentage of inmate population with scores over 70 on every sub-categories of the scale is higher than that of general populations reflecting high rate of deviation from average normal mental health. It seems likely that many of inmates are in need of specific mental health treatment services. The nature and severity of mental health
This project integrates theoretical work on justice and health care with practical research on decision-making and limit-setting in managed care organizations (MCOs). Dr. Daniels explores the issue of legitimacy and its role in decisions by private insurers and governments that affect patient welfare. Among the areas his study addresses are: 1) how conditions needed to establish legitimate limit-setting can be applied to create detailed and specific regulatory requirements; 2) how MCOs can use concepts of legitimacy to improve decisions about coverage of new technologies, treatment guidelines, and disease management; 3) incorporating these processes into regulatory requirements; 4) including specific features of fair process in benchmarks of fairness; and 5) using them to address issues of access, benefits, efficiency, and process in nations' health reform efforts and in developing countries. Dr. Daniels explores the conditions under which limit-setting decisions can achieve legitimacy and ...
Back to Researcher Profiles Dr. Beatty's research interests are in public health services and systems research, performance management, rural public health and rural health disparities. Kate Beatty is an assistant professor in the Department of Health Services Management and Policy at East Tennessee State University's College of Public Health. Dr. Beatty received her PhD in Public Health Studies at Saint Louis University's College for Public Health and Social Justice in August 2013. More specifically, she has worked with both national and state-level data to examine factors associated with accreditation on local health departments, with a focus on the unique challenges faced by rural communities.. Dr. Beatty has worked with other researchers and practitioners in public health services and systems research, including the Missouri Practice-Based Research Network, on several projects related to local health department accreditation. More recently, Dr. Beatty has begun working with health management ...
The task force also discerned that minorities experience significantly poorer health outcomes when compared to their white counterparts. While the health status for Americans overall is improving, the health status for minorities is declining. Because of these disparities, the U.S. Secretary created the federal Office of Minority Health to continually monitor minority health issues and to recommend ways to improve the health status and outcomes for minorities.. The Commissioner's Advisory Council on Health Disparity and Health Equity Background. In 1990, Virginia's State Health Commissioner created the Minority Health Advisory Committee (MHAC) to ensure that the health priorities and health concerns of Virginia's minority populations were adequately addressed by the Virginia Department of Health. The MHAC included appointed representatives from local, state and federal public health agencies, University of Virginia's Center for Public Service, Virginia Commonwealth University's Department of ...
Articles like How academic medical centers and health systems are rising to meet the challenge of innovation from Russell Reynolds Associates can provide you with insights and expertise to help navigate difficult organizational challenges. Read more.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Oral health status and development of ventilator-associated pneumonia. T2 - A descriptive study. AU - Munro, Cindy L.. AU - Grap, Mary Jo. AU - Elswick, R. K.. AU - McKinney, Jessica. AU - Sessler, Curtis N.. AU - Hummel, Russell S.. PY - 2006/9/1. Y1 - 2006/9/1. N2 - BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality and may be influenced by oral health. OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between ventilator-associated pneumonia and oral health status, changes in oral health status during the first 7 days after intubation, and microbial colonization of the oropharynx and trachea. METHODS: A total of 66 patients were enrolled within 24 hours of intubation and were followed up for up to 7 days. Data on oral health measures and the Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score (CPIS) were collected at baseline, day 4 (n = 37), and day 7 (n = 21). A regression model was used to predict risk of pneumonia at day 4. RESULTS Dental plaque and oral ...
The One Health Center of Excellence for Research and Training in UF's Emerging Pathogens Institute, in collaboration with U.S. and Mongolian institutions, has identified the first known case of an equine influenza virus in camels. Their findings will be published in the December issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases.. "Over the last 10 years, we've been amazed at all the cross-species jumps of influenza. Now we're finding yet another," says Gregory C. Gray, center director and environmental and global health professor in UF's College of Public Health and Health Professions.. Although there is no immediate risk, the inter-mammalian transmission of the virus is a major concern for public health researchers interested in controlling the threat of pandemic influenza, he says.. Camels have recently been implicated in the transfer of the deadly Middle East respiratory syndrome virus to man. This new discovery further demonstrates the potential role of camels in the ecology of zoonotic diseases, which ...
Younger people with heart failure often experience poor self-rated health. Furthermore, poor self-rated health is associated with long-term sick leave and disability pension. Socio-demographic factors affect the ability to return to work. However, little is known about people on sick leave due to heart failure. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between self-rated health, mood, socio-demographic factors, sick leave compensation, encounters with healthcare professionals and social insurance officers and self-estimated ability to return to work, for people on sick leave due to heart failure. This population-based investigation had a cross-sectional design. Data were collected in Sweden in 2012 from two official registries and from a postal questionnaire. In total, 590 subjects, aged 23-67, responded (response rate 45.8%). Descriptive statistics, correlation analyses (Spearman bivariate analysis) and logistic regression analyses were used to investigate associations. Poor ...
No human society is mundane to healthcare delivery method. Apparently, the process of healthcare delivery depicts the extent of the social development of a particular society. However, the healthcare delivery process in Nigeria from the colonial era attained a new paradigm by shifting from the practice of traditional medicine to the western styled patterns. Since the colonial Nigeria, both the traditional and western medicine has been dependable sources of preventive medicine for the Nigeria populace. In spite of the outright condemnation of the traditional healthcare practices, it received unbridled patronage by a larger Nigeria populace, thus the post-independence Nigeria witnessed a paradox of health care delivery.. Aim: This paper aims to provide an understanding on the revolutions in the healthcare delivery system in Nigeria since the colonial period.. Methodology: An extensive review of literature was carried out to elicit information on the Nigerian healthcare delivery since the colonial ...
Examines and compares the health status and health service utilization of women and men in a provincial correctional jail in Atlantic Canada. Finds that prisoners experienced a number of physical and mental health issues and a large proportion used health services during incarceration. The quality and accessibility of health services played a significant role in how participants viewed health care in jail. Sex and gender are shown to influence the health status and use of health services among provincial prisoners. Females report more heath issues and poorer overall health, as well as more difficulties accessing health services during incarceration than male prisoners. Race also plays a role in health status and health service utilization. Aboriginal prisoners rate their overall physical and mental health poorer than non-Aboriginals. They also report a greater need for health services, but use them less than non-Aboriginal prisoners.. ...
Health expenditure; public (% of total health expenditure) in Malaysia was last measured at 54.83 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Health expenditure - public (% of total health expenditure) in Malaysia.
Objectives: To evaluate the oral health status of the professional soccer players in Thailand. Methods: Twenty-five Thailand professional soccer players' oral conditions were examined and included in this study. DMFT, Quigley & Hein plaque index (PI), Löe & Silness gingival index, World Health Organization malocclusion index, pocket depth, TMJ examination and history of dental trauma were recorded. Results: The results demonstrated poor oral health level including dental caries (84%), DMFT score mean was 10.08, dental attrition (60%) and periodontal pocket (36%). Thirty percent of all players presented bruxism. More than 40% of athletes were bothered by their oral health with 28% reporting an impact on quality of life and 18% on training and performance. Conclusion: The oral health of Thai professional soccer players was poor that may result in negative impact on well-being, training and performance. As oral health is an important element of overall health and well-being, health promotion is required
There are still many unanswered questions about the damage that silicone gel implants may cause. When silicone implants break, silicone gel is released into the body. The long-term effects that this has on women's health have not been adequately researched.. Women with silicone breast implants have reported a variety of autoimmune diseases, including scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus. While some studies that concluded that breast implants do not cause autoimmune disease, most of that research has focused on women who had implants for a few months or a few years. Furthermore, these studies have tended to include small numbers of women. Since these diseases are rare and take many years to develop and to be diagnosed, it is not possible for studies of small groups of women who have implants for a short period of time to determine if implants increase the long-term risks of getting these diseases.[8]. Researchers have suggested that exposure to toxins in silicone gel may be the trigger ...
Examines and compares the health status and health service utilization of women and men in a provincial correctional jail in Atlantic Canada. Finds that prisoners experienced a number of physical and mental health issues and a large proportion used health services during incarceration. The quality and accessibility of health services played a significant role in how participants viewed health care in jail. Sex and gender are shown to influence the health status and use of health services among provincial prisoners. Females report more heath issues and poorer overall health, as well as more difficulties accessing health services during incarceration than male prisoners. Race also plays a role in health status and health service utilization. Aboriginal prisoners rate their overall physical and mental health poorer than non-Aboriginals. They also report a greater need for health services, but use them less than non-Aboriginal prisoners.. ...
Exposure to traumatic events may lead to mental health problems, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD is a type of anxiety disorder that is characterized by the presence of persistent frightening thoughts and memories of the traumatic event. Additionally, people with PTSD often feel emotionally numb, and they may experience sleep problems or be easily startled. Homeless people, in particular, are at risk for experiencing a variety of traumas. Homeless women tend to experience more traumatic events and develop PTSD at higher rates than housed women. Although effective treatments for PTSD are available, homeless women are unlikely to seek them out. There is a need for PTSD treatment approaches that are specifically designed for these women. This study will develop a cognitive-behavioral therapy treatment that will be adapted to best serve the needs of homeless women. The study will then determine the therapy's effectiveness in treating a group of homeless women with PTSD.. This ...
Authenticity. Resilience. Strength. These are the words you hear over and over when you put a group of nearly 60 women veterans together in a room, as a national support group called The Mission Continues did earlier this month at its Women Veterans Leadership Summit.. But so far, both military and veterans' communities are failing to recognize and fully utilize the unique leadership strengths of the women who serve our country.. Women achieved a number of milestones in the military in 2015, from the first female Army Rangers to a decision to open all combat jobs to women. The Navy even issued its iconic white Dixie cup hats to women recruits as part of broader effort to make uniforms and job titles more gender-neutral.. Gender-neutrality is an important first step for the U.S. military, where women account for only 15 percent of active-duty personnel.. But for women veterans working to reintegrate into civilian life, there's a growing awareness that it's also important to let women in the ...
Questionnaires for the Young Women's cohort are available for all survey years from 1968 to 2003. Some questionnaires have been divided into parts due to their larger size.. Young Women's Questionnaire, 1968 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1969 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1970 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1971 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1972 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1973 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1975 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1977 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1978 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1980 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1982 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1983, Part 1 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1983, Part 2 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1985, Part 1 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1985, Part 2 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1987 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1988, Part 1 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1988, Part 2 (PDF). Young Women's Questionnaire, 1991, Part 1 ...
Recently researchers have debated the relevance of stereotype threat to the workplace. Critics have argued that stereotype threat is not relevant in high stakes testing such as in personnel selection. We and others argue that stereotype threat is highly relevant in personnel selection, but our review focused on underexplored areas including effects of stereotype threat beyond test performance and the application of brief, low-cost interventions in the workplace. Relevant to the workplace, stereotype threat can reduce domain identification, job engagement, career aspirations, and receptivity to feedback. Stereotype threat has consequences in other relevant domains including leadership, entrepreneurship, negotiations, and competitiveness. Several institutional and individual level intervention strategies that have been field-tested and are easy to implement show promise for practitioners including: addressing environmental cues, valuing diversity, wise feedback, organizational mindsets, reattribution
Marilyn Yarbrough with Crystal Bennett. Excerpted from Marilyn Yarbrough with Crystal Bennett, Cassandra and the 'Sistahs': the Peculiar Treatment of African American Women in the Myth of Women as Liars Journal of Gender, Race and Justice 626-657, 634-655 (Spring 2000)(254 footnotes omitted). In colonial times, white men often viewed white women with suspicion and distrust. They associated white women with sexuality. However, as time passed, white women were no longer portrayed as sexual temptresses. They became celebrated as the 'nobler half of humanity' and depicted as goddesses rather than sinners. White women were thereafter represented as virtuous, pure and innocent. The historical and social experiences of African women during slavery resulted in numerous images that defined African American women as deviant.. For centuries, African American women have been contrasted with white women. While the Victorian concept of 'true womanhood' defined white women as possessing unquestionable moral ...
The Enhancing Mental and Physical health of Women through Engagement and Retention or EMPOWER program represents a partnership with the US Department of Veterans Health Administration (VA) Health Service Research and Development investigators and the VA Office of Women's Health, National Center for Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Primary Care-Mental Health Integration Program Office, Women's Mental Health Services, and the Office of Patient Centered Care and Cultural Transformation. EMPOWER includes three projects designed to improve women Veterans' engagement and retention in evidence-based care for high-priority health conditions, i.e., prediabetes, cardiovascular, and mental health. The three proposed projects will be conducted in VA primary care clinics that serve women Veterans including general primary care and women's health clinics. The first project is a 1-year quality improvement project targeting diabetes prevention. Two multi-site research implementation studies will focus on
Finland Women Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/People/Women. "Finland Women Stats, NationMaster." 2000-2002. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/People/Women,.. 'Finland Women Stats, NationMaster', ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/People/Women, [assessed 2000-2002]. "Finland Women Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 2000-2002. Avaliable from: ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/People/Women,.. "Finland Women Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 2000-2002.. "Finland Women Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/People/Women (assessed 2000-2002). "Finland Women Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/People/Women (last visited 2000-2002). "Finland Women Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/People/Women (as of ...
BackgroundThere is growing recognition of the difficult reproductive decisions faced by HIV-positive women. Studies in both resource-constrained and developed countries have suggested that many HIV-positive women continue to desire children in spite of their understanding of the possible risks that HIV poses. This study investigates the factors associated with fertility desire among HIV-positive women in Tigray region, Ethiopia.MethodsA cross-sectional survey was conducted among 964 HIV-positive women receiving HIV care in 12 health centers of Tigray region. In each health center, the number of study participants was allocated proportionally to the load of HIV-positive women in the chronic care clinics. A descriptive summary of the data and a logistic regression model were used to identify factors associated with fertility desire using odds ratios with a 95% confidence interval and P-value of 0.05.ResultsFour hundred and thirty nine (45.5%) of the participants reported a desire to have children ...
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Women do a pile of work in a day while men only have to go to work and come back home to find their lunch on the table. In an ever growing world and its growing demands, women are required to work twice as hard as men. Nowadays women are not only homemakers, but they are also working to support their families financially. A working woman comes back home, make dinner, take care of her children and also help her children with homework. Other household chores are also considered women's responsibility. These are the expectations of the world from women to make the home as well as work like her male partner. Most of the women are doing a phenomenal job and handling both home and office like a pro. However, such high amount of multitasking comes at a cost, and that's why women require more sleep time than men. If women do not sleep according to need they become prone to anger, stress and health problems.. ...