Leveraging Action to Support Dissemination of Pregnancy Weight Gain Guidelines (Workshop Summary) by Committee on Implementation of the IOM Pregnancy Weight Gain Guidelines (ISBN: 978-0-309-28967-2); Published by National Academies Pressin Sep 2013. Compare book prices on Bookwire.com to buy books from the lowest price among top online book retailers
Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is a potential risk factor for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). We systematically reviewed three electronic databases for relevant articles published in English: PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to assess study quality. Random-effects meta-analyses were performed to supply a pooled estimation of the OR comparing the risk of HDP among healthy pregnant women with and without excessive GWG. The pooled estimation for the association between excessive GWG and the risk of HDPs yielded an odds ratio (OR) of 1.79 (95% CI: 1.61-1.99). A subgroup analysis showed that women who had excessive GWG were more likely to have an HDP (OR 1.82; 95% CI 1.53-2.17), preeclampsia (OR 1.92; 95% CI 1.36-2.72), or gestational hypertension (OR 1.67; 95% CI 1.43-1.95). The pooled estimation for the association between excessive GWG and the risk of HDPs among pregestational normal weight women yielded an OR of 1.57 (95% CI 1.26-1.96). A subgroup
Context: Women who have diabetes mellitus during pregnancy are at higher risk of adverse outcomes. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is also emerging as a risk factor for maternofetal complications, and in 2009, the Institute of Medicine published recommendations for appropriate GWG. It is unclear whether excessive GWG confers additional risk to women with diabetes in pregnancy and whether Institute of Medicine recommendations are applicable to this population. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine whether excessive GWG in pregnancies complicated by diabetes mellitus is associated with higher adverse obstetric outcomes. Design: This was an observational study. Setting: The study was conducted at five antenatal centers along the Irish Atlantic seaboard. Participants: 802 women with diabetes in pregnancy participated in the study. Main Outcome Measure: Maternal outcomes examined included preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, and cesarean delivery. Fetal outcomes included ...
Nutrition: Pregnancy weight gain may harm childs future health. Women who are pregnant and gain too much weight may be raising their child's…
Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) poses negative impact on mothers and their children. It is important to understand the modifiable lifestyle factors associated with excessive GWG during pregnancy to guide future public health practice. To investigate the association between physical activity during pregnancy and GWG of Chinese urban pregnant women. A pregnant women cohort was established between 2005 and 2007 in Changzhou, China. Physical activity levels of pregnant women were assessed using pedometer in the 2nd and 3rd trimester, respectively. According to step counts, pregnant women were categorized into 4 different physical activity groups: Sedentary, Low Active, Somewhat Active and Active. The pregnant women were followed for eligibility and data collection from the 2nd trimester to delivery. Multiple linear regression and multiple binary logistic model were applied to determine the association between physical activity and GWG. Physical activity levels and GWG of 862 pregnant women were
TY - JOUR. T1 - Working conditions and major weight gain - a prospective cohort study. AU - Roos, Eira. AU - Lallukka, Tea. AU - Rahkonen, Ossi. AU - Lahelma, Eero. AU - Laaksonen, Mikko. PY - 2013. Y1 - 2013. N2 - ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to examine the associations of working conditions with major weight gain. Three different groups of work-related factors were examined: (i) work arrangements, (ii) physical working conditions, and (iii) psychosocial working conditions. The data are based on the Helsinki Health Study (HHS) questionnaire surveys. A baseline mail survey was made among middle-aged employees of the City of Helsinki in 2000-2002. A follow-up survey was made in 2007. Regression analyses with odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. During the 5- to 7-year follow-up, 26% of women and 24% of men gained in weight 5 kg or more. Working conditions were mostly unassociated with weight gain. However, nighttime shift work, physical threat at work, and ...
Pregnancy weight gain. Some of us gain too little. Some of us gain too much. But we often fail to recognize just how much weight were going to gain in that last trimester. And interventions used in the last trimester may be futile at managing excessive or too little weight gain. Thankfully, it seems that researchers have determined a possible resolution to the pregnancy weight gain dilemma.. Gaining too much weight can increase the mothers risk for both hypertension and diabetes. These conditions can put the baby at risk for long-term health problems, like childhood obesity, and possibly even necessitating an early delivery because of pregnancy complications. Gaining too little weight can lead to complications like pre-term birth and smaller-than-gestational-age infants.. Essentially, the recommended weight gain guidelines are based on body weight before pregnancy. For women that are underweight before pregnancy, the Institute of Medicine recommends a weight gain of 28 to 40 pounds. Average ...
亚太临床营养杂志Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition,download,BACKGROUND:Pre-pregnancy weight and gestational weight gain (GWG) are important factors in both maternal and infant outcomes. Little information is available inrelation to different levels of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and body weight gain on obstetric outcomes in Taiwan. This study investigated the associations between pregnancy complications with pre-pregnant BMI and GWG, in Taiwanese women. METHODS: Data were extracted from a delivery room information bank on all women delivering singleton babies in a medical center. Eight hundred and sixty pregnant women were included. The collected variables included basic information, GWG, and pregnancy and neonatal outcomes. Pregnant women were categorized according to their pre-pregnant BMI and GWG to evaluate the impacts of pre-pregnant BMI and maternal weight gain on the risk of pregnancy complications. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were
This morning, at the XI International Congress of Obesity, I attended a review session on the issue of whether or not it is possible to predict weight gain.. In his introductory comments, Johannes Hebebrand from Essen, Germany, emphasized that even in carriers of mutations that are associated with obesity (for e.g. mutations in the MC4 receptor), excess weight is not necessarily seen in all or even the majority of carriers of such mutations. These findings suggest that current genetic markers are not sufficient to clinically predict an individuals risk of weight gain.. Eric Ravussin (picture), from the Pennington Research Centre in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, the winner of the 2010 Willendorf Award for Clinical Research, pointed out that one of the strongest predictors of future weight gain may well be lower energy requirements, which in turn is closely related to fat-free mass.. This makes intuitive sense, as it would obviously be easier for someone with lesser energy requirements to move into ...
Unexplained weight gain can be a frustrating occurrence that can leave you puzzled as to why you are experiencing the weight gain. Sudden weight gain can occur in both men and women, but it is slightly more common in women. For the majority of people, weight gain occurs when you are consuming more calories than your body burns off, resulting in extra fat. But for some people, weight gain may seem to simply come out of nowhere. Unexplained weight gain occurs when you begin to gain weight for unknown reasons. Almost always, weight gain is caused by something, whether it be an undiscovered disease, or just overeating. A common cause for weight gain in both men and women is Hypothyroidism, a disease that causes malfunction in the thyroid gland. When the thyroid is not getting enough of the thyroid hormone, the metabolism slows down considerably, causing weight gain. Usually those who are experiencing hypothyroidism will also feel tired, weak, and lethargic at times. A lack of essential fatty acids ...
16,000 participants showed early weight gain had the largest effect on infants birth weight FOR RELEASE:. August 28, 2017. CONTACT:. Robyn Gordon, The Obesity Society: [email protected] SILVER SPRING, MD: Weight gain in early pregnancy has the greatest impact on infant size at birth, according to a new study published today in Obesity. The study is the largest ever analysis of the effect that weight gain in early pregnancy has on infant size.. The study examined 16,218 pregnant mothers throughout the first, second and third trimesters in Tianjin, China to determine the risk of infants size at birth. Results found weight gain early in pregnancy, before 24 weeks-regardless of the weight gain later-had the greatest impact on infant size. Infants born to women with weight gain that exceeds the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines for weight gain during pregnancy, prior to 24 weeks, were 2.5 times more likely to be born large.. Maternal obesity and weight gain in pregnancy have been ...
Rapid abdominal weight gain may be a serious health issue. Although it may be triggered by poor exercise and diet, it could also be a symptom of the following m
This drug may also cause significant weight gain and a rise in.Among adolescent patients, mean weight gain by baseline BMI category was 11.5 kg (25.3 lb.How to control weight gain when. outlines a plan to prevent excess weight gain when patients.Orthostatic hypotension with antihypertensives, alcohol, benzodiazepines, others.Reversing Antidepressant Weight Gain. like Zyprexa that cause substantial weight gain suggest.. Zyprexa may help prevent symptoms of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Less common Zyprexa side effects: Dry mouth, Weight gain ...
Pregnant women in Japan express various reasons for limiting gestational weight gain (GWG). We aimed to identify and characterise groups where the women share common reasons to limit GWG and to examine how these groups are associated with inappropriate GWG and abnormal foetal size. We prospectively studied information from the Japan Environment and Childrens Study (JECS) on 92,539 women who gave birth to live singletons from 2011 through 2014. Pregnant women were recruited during early pregnancy. Their reasons for limiting GWG and other information were collected through self-reported questionnaires and medical records. We applied latent class analysis to group the women based on their reported reasons. We used multinomial logistic regression to compare the risks of inappropriate (inadequate and excessive) GWG and abnormal foetal size (determined by new-born weight for gestational age) between the identified groups. We identified three groups: Group 1 (76.7%), concerned about delivery and new-born
AUSTRIA - A recent study from the University of Veterinary Medicine in Vienna found that stroking helps calves develop a better relationship with humans and increases weight gain.
The rate at which you gain weight is carefully monitored by your doctor. Gaining or losing a lot of weight in a short time can be a sign of problems. There are no set rules for the amount of weight to gain. It varies from mother to mother and usually depends on the mothers pre-pregnancy weight and build. For mothers who were underweight before pregnancy, the recommended rate of weight gain is about five pounds during the first 13 weeks, and about a pound a week from then on. Total weight gain should be 28-40 pounds.. For normal weight mothers, the recommended weight gain is three to five pounds during the first 13 weeks, then about a pound a week from then on, for a total of 25 to 35 pounds. For overweight mothers, the recommended weight gain is about two pounds during the first 13 weeks and about 2/3 of a pound per week from then on, for a total of 15 to 25 pounds. Mothers under 52 should gain 18 to 30 pounds. Teen mothers should gain 28 to 40 pounds. Mothers carrying twins should gain 35 to ...
Objective To investigate the association between weekly weight gain, during the second and third trimesters, classified according to the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM/NRC) recommendations, and maternal and fetal outcomes. Methods Gestational weight gain was evaluated in 2,244 pregnant women of the Brazilian Study of Gestational Diabetes (Estudo Brasileiro do Diabetes Gestacional - EBDG). Outcomes were cesarean delivery, preterm birth and small or large for gestational age birth (SGA, LGA). Associations between inadequate weight gain and outcomes were estimated using robust Poisson regression adjusting for pre-pregnancy body mass index, trimester-specific weight gain, age, height, skin color, parity, education, smoking, alcohol consumption, gestational diabetes and hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. Results In fully adjusted models, in the second trimester, insufficient weight gain was associated with SGA (relative risk [RR] 1.72, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.26-2.33), and excessive weight gain
Rapid weight gain is one of the symptoms of PE (well as you know) and I would advise your friend to be seen by her midwife/doc and get clarification. Weight gain can be tricky as it can come in spurts and is different for everybody. Looking back at my two pregnancies, I did have a lot of rapid weight gain in my first and gained at a much steadier pace in my second. I did not have excessive weight with my second and still developed severe PE. You just never know ...
Responsibility of the Obstetrician to the Fetus: II. Influence of Prepregnancy Weight and Pregnancy Weight Gain on Birthweight Obstet. Gynecol., May 1975; 45: 481 - 487.
In rats, maternal weight gain during the later third of pregnancy was correlated with fetal body weight, brain weight and DNA content as well as placental weight near term. Fetal body and placental growth was unrelated to maternal weight increases during pregnancy. A significant inverse correlation between fetal brain DNA content and maternal weight gain was found. This was related to litter size since the smaller the litter size, the less the maternal weight gain during pregnancy and the greater the DNA content of the fetal brain. These data emphasize the importance of controlling for litter number in growth studies.
Menopause weight gain is natural and really nothing to worry about (unless it is a rapid weight gain). If you suddenly experience rapid weight gain or weight loss you should visit your doctor immediately.. Naturally you should start to gain around 1 -2 pounds a year, with the average weight gain being in the region of ten to fifteen pounds during menopause. This is natural and is your bodys response to changing hormone levels…so dont fret about it!. You may be eating exactly the same foods as before but your metabolism may slow down and not burn as many calories as before. The change in hormones can cause stress and anxiety and when anxious or stressed many people comfort eat. At the same time the body can react to stress by turning calories in to fat as it expects to be without food for a while, the so called famine effect. The extra weight can actually be beneficial in helping to reduce hot flashes and prevent osteoporosis.. The diet industry will have us believe that weight gain is simply ...
Specific dietary and lifestyle factors are independently associated with long-term weight gain, with a substantial aggregate effect and implications for strategies to prevent obesity. (Funded by the National Institutes of Health and others.).
Obesity and its negative health consequences such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease are major public health concerns. Pregnancy is an ideal opportunity to intervene with young women both to reduce their own likelihood of long-term obesity and to potentially lessen their offsprings obesity risk. Interventions to reduce excessive weight gain during adolescent pregnancy may be particularly important. 50-70% of adolescents gain too much weight during pregnancy, and this excess gain significantly increases their risk of high postpartum weight retention and long-term obesity. Depression and stress-which are common in adolescent pregnancy-also may play a role. Pregnant adolescent females, as well as non-pregnant females, who have more frequent feelings of depression or stress are more likely to gain weight too rapidly or to gain too much weight as they grow. In the current project, the investigators seek to develop a program to prevent excess weight gain that will be feasible to administer in the ...
Patients who underwent LTx presented with a progressive increase in BMI and excessive weight (table II). The median BMI and the prevalence of obesity three years after LTx were greater than before liver disease. Greater relative weight gain was seen the first year after LTx (an average weight gain of 9.0 kg in relation to the weight the first post-LTx appointment). Patients with overweight or obesity at each evaluation had greater weight loss (in relation to their weight before liver disease and immediately after LTx) and greater weight gain in relation to those with under or normal weight.. A significant number of patients who were overweight or obese one, two and three years after LTx were also overweight before having liver disease (McNemar test; p , 0.01), but the percentage of patients with excessive weight was higher within two and three years after surgery than before liver disease (51.3% and 56.3% versus 49.4%). Independent risk factors for weight gain one, two and three years after ...
Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online. According to a new Arkansas-based study, a womans weight gain during pregnancy has a direct impact on her childs risk of obesity through age 12.. The study, which was published on Tuesday in the journal PLOS Medicine, included over 41,000 mothers and considered several confounding factors such as birth weight and genetics.. From the public health perspective, excessive weight gain during pregnancy may have a potentially significant influence on propagation of the obesity epidemic, warned study author Dr. David S. Ludwig, an obesity prevention expert at the Harvard School of Public Health.. He suggested programs to restrict pregnancy weight gain may help prevent some cases of childhood obesity.. Pregnancy presents an attractive target for obesity prevention programs, because women tend to be particularly motivated to change behavior during this time, Ludwig said.. The study researchers noted a familial tendency toward obesity. However, ...
Some weight-related research might augur psychiatric pharmacogenomics, allowing clinicians to identify patients who are likely to gain weight when taking certain medications. In an animal study, the binding of antipsychotic drugs to histamine H1 receptors paralleled their likelihood of increasing appetite. Clozapine and olanzapine, both strongly associated with weight gain, increased hypothalamic AMP-kinase, which regulates food intake through H1 receptors. Atypical antipsychotics might increase appetite and therefore weight gain through this mechanism, which could become a target for treatment. Other receptors might be involved in antipsychotic-induced weight gain. Increased waist circumference, a core component of the metabolic syndrome, was associated with three polymorphisms of the serotonin 2C receptor gene.. Eating more, especially foods that pack a lot of calories into a small volume, is undoubtedly one mechanism of medication-associated weight gain. Animals given high-fat foods showed ...
Children born to mothers who gain either too much or too little weight during their pregnancy are more likely to be overweight or obese, a new study has found.
Our large selection from wellbutrin sr xl paxil weight gain best. 2010 drinking on sex drive, an experience ativan withdrawal. Update on zoloft weight loss.Un tour de magie au montage dr. john guiteras concisely states generic zoloft online pharmacy no zoloft withdrawal wikipedia, zoloft weight gain wikipedia, zoloft.I want to gain weight because I am eating more not due to a medication. It does seem, after a quick google search, that Zoloft can give extra weight gain.Effexor, Prestic et Zoloft. et javous ne pas etre une tres bonne exemple puis que je suis tres réactive au médicament en général.Can I take before surgery 6 mg a day flush klonopin out your system mixing zoloft. Swollen glands gain weight on can you mix ambien with withdrawal and weight gain.. en proper disposal of celexa purchase no prescription why does celexa cause weight gain. usa zoloft weight loss. weight loss withdrawal.. such as Zoloft or Prozac because Wellbutrin. Wellbutrin does not cause weight gain,. Addiction Blog ...
Try our Pregnancy Weight Gain Calculator to keep a check on your weight gain during pregnancy. Also find a printable week by week weight gain chart based on your Pre-Pregnancy BMI.
Title:Plasma Metabolite Profiling and Search for Biomarkers of Metabolic Dysfunction in Dogs Undergoing Rapid Weight Gain. VOLUME: 3 ISSUE: 2. Author(s):Maria R. C. de Godoy, Kirk L. Pappan, Ryan W. Grant and Kelly S. Swanson. Affiliation:Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, 180 Animal Sciences Laboratory, 1207 W. Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801.. Keywords:Amino acid, canine, lipid, metabolome, obesity, oxidative stress.. Abstract:The objective of this experiment was to use untargeted plasma metabolite profiling to identify metabolite changes and potential biomarkers of metabolic dysfunction that accompanies rapid weight gain in dogs. Five intact female beagles were fed ad libitum for a period of 24 wk. Blood samples were collected after an overnight fast via jugular venipuncture at 0, 4, 8, 12, and 24 wk of feeding. Plasma was stored at -80°C until GC-MS and LC-MS-MS analyses. A total of 284 named biochemicals were identified, with as many as 175 metabolites being altered ( ...
Background: Fetal and early life growth is associated with adult risk of obesity and cardiometabolic disease. However, little is known about the relative importance of birth weight and successive periods of weight gain on markers of cardiometabolic risk in childhood in low-income populations. Objectives: The objective was to study associations of birth weight and weight gain velocities in selected age intervals from birth to 60 mo with height, fat-free mass (FFM), and markers of adiposity and cardiometabolic risk at 60 mo. Methods: In a prospective cohort study of 375 Ethiopian children aged 60 mo, we estimated individual weight gain velocities in the periods between birth and 3, 6, 24, 48, and 60 mo using linear-spline mixed-effects modeling. Subsequently, we analyzed associations of birth weight, weight gain velocities, and current weight with height, FFM, and markers of adiposity and cardiometabolic risk. Results: Weight gain from 48 to 60 mo and weight at 60 mo rather than birth weight were ...
Dzakpasu, S.; Fahey, J.; Kirby, R.S.; Tough, S.C.; Chalmers, B.; Heaman, M.I.; Bartholomew, S.; Biringer, A.; Darling, E.K.; Lee, L.S.; McDonald, S.D., 2016: Contribution of prepregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain to adverse neonatal outcomes: population attributable fractions for Canada
Numerous studies have shown that menopause and weight gain go hand in hand. There are probably many different factors that cause weight gain during menopause, but some studies suggest that the weight gain is related to decreased estrogen levels.. Gaining weight is frustrating and health threatening. It can also affect a womans sense of well being. A two year study about menopause and weight gain was recently concluded in Australia. 7,270 healthy women between the ages of 45 and 50 were surveyed concerning their weight and their sense of physical and mental well-being. Only half were able to maintain the same weight with which they began the study. More than one third gained 5 pounds or more. Even this small weight change negatively affected the groups sense of mental well-being. Some sources say that the average weight gain during menopause is 12-15 pounds, if this is true, then it could account for the fact that a womans risk of developing heart disease after menopause increases ...
Lets keep it simple: Youre gaining weight. Why?. There could be several reasons for your weight gain. The first thing I want you to do is identify how long it has taken for this weight gain to happen. Was it over the course of a couple months, a year, or a few weeks? This answer can help identify the cause.. If you have had a very sudden weight gain, its best to look over the past few weeks and see what has been different in your lifestyle. If the weight gain has come on over a longer period of time, it can be more difficult to remember everything youve done but you can probably notice some changes.. Next, if you are concerned your weight gain may be health related I recommend you see a doctor. If you have seen sudden weight gain without any lifestyle changes, it is very important you take precaution. Thyroid issues, intestinal problems, diabetes, and a slew of other health issues can cause weight gain. It is best to rule out any medical complications before making a plan to lose ...
Weight Gain Tips - Home remedies for weight gain are no different from those for weight loss. A balance of nutritional diet and regular exercise can help an individual to gain healthy weight and maintain it.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Smoking cessation and weight gain. AU - LEISCHOW, SCOTT J.. AU - STITZER, MAXINE L.. PY - 1991/5. Y1 - 1991/5. N2 - Significant progress has been made in the research on smoking cessation and weight gain since the 1988 Surgeon Generals Report, particularly on mechanisms and treatment methods. Smoking cessation results in weight gain in most quitters, primarily due to changes in caloric intake and to a lesser extent from changes in energy expenditure. Thus far, pharmacologic treatments appear more efficacious at preventing the weight gain than behavioral methods. And regarding who should receive treatment, preliminary research suggests that females are more concerned about postcessation weight gain than males, and it is the concern about weight gain‐more than the weight gain itself‐that appears to play an important role in relapse to smoking. Given the progress that has been made along the spectrum from mechanisms to treatment, those concerned about postcessation weight now ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Smoking cessation and weight gain. AU - Leischow, S. J.. AU - Stitzer, M. L.. PY - 1991. Y1 - 1991. N2 - Significant progress has been made in the research on smoking cessation and weight gain since the 1988 Surgeon Generals Report, particularly on mechanisms and treatment methods. Smoking cessation results in weight gain in most quitters, primarily due to changes in caloric intake and to a lesser extent from changes in energy expenditure. Thus far, pharmacologic treatments appear more efficacious at preventing the weight gain than behavioral methods. And regarding who should receive treatment, preliminary research suggests that females are more concerned about postcessation weight gain than males, and it is the concern about weight gain - more than the weight gain itself - that appears to play an important role in relapse to smoking. Given the progress that has been made along the spectrum from mechanisms to treatment, those concerned about postcessation weight now have ...
However, in some individuals it can lead to weight changes. However, in some people it can lead to weight changes. Even though research shows that in general, the amount of weight a person is likely. Weight loss on Wellbutrin may happen because this drug affects the levels of dopamine, which controls energy, appetite and motivation 1. Not once was I told that zoloft could cause weight gain, particularly if you increase your dosage. Of the other SSRIs, which include Prozac, Lexapro and Celexa, Zoloft may be least likely to cause weight gain. Weight gain caused by Zoloft may be due to fluid retention, lack of exercise, increased appetite, or other 3/5 Why SSRIs Cause Weight Gain and What to Do About It https://www.verywellmind.com/ssris-and-weight-gain-1067614 Nov 28, 2019 · For some people who take an SSRI, such as Prozac (fluoxetine) or Zoloft (sertraline), one of these is weight gain. Antidepressants for Weight Loss. weight zoloft gain and loss Effective treatment for erectile dysfunction ...
The potential benefit of a high gestational weight gain in obese patients should be balanced by the higher risk of giving birth to babies with a birth weight of more than 4,500 grams and the risk of exaggerating a pre-existing state of obesity.
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Dr. Ann J. Peters notes that you dont have to go to extreme measures to stop an increase in unwanted body weight. You can avoid extra unexplained weight gain by developing some simple changes to your way of lifestyle. A few things that you can start immediately to reduce weight and ward off weight gain is to start by recognizing what your trigger foods are and what food you eat that might have no health consequences for you. If your diet consists of regular trips to fast food restaurants, meals that contain little to no vegetables or fruits, or constant consumption of sugary drinks, you may consider preparing more homemade meals. Drinking water is also a good way to enhance a full feeling. MD longevity knows that drinking a full glass of water before each meal can help you feel slightly fuller than if you are eating on an empty stomach. You can also quench your craving for food with drinking water, to redirect your mind onto other projects. Leave small portions of your meal on your plate. This ...
Accept my compliments on your first pregnancy. How much weight have you gained? Normally a woman gains a minimum of eight to 10 or more kilos during pregnancy, and this usually occurs part in second and more in the final trimester. Whether weight is normal or not, depends on BMI (body mass index), which is determined by height and weight both. The babys body is formed both externally and internally during the first trimester, after which the baby starts to grow progressively till delivery. This contributes to weight gain. Other pregnancy-related factors contributing to weight gain are fluid retention due to increased circulation, increase in amniotic fluid which surrounds the baby in gestational sac and weight of placenta ...
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Food companies have whipped up a host of modern marvels over the years: lactose-free milk, protein-infused water, even brownies with more fiber than apples. Now, new research published in Gut hints at the next great innovation: a food additive that may prevent weight gain by suppressing appetite. Researchers at Imperial College London conducted a series of experiments with propionate, a short-chain fatty acid produced when dietary fiber ferments in the colon. Previous studies have suggested that increasing propionate levels in animals staves off weight gain by altering the release of hormones that regulate appetite. But conducting a similar trial on humans proved more difficult. A human would have to eat about 100 grams of dietary fiber to naturally achieve significant propionate levels like the kind seen in the animal studies-a feat that would cause some pretty serious GI discomfort. Secondly, the study notes, orally administered propionate is just plain unpalatable.. So researchers developed ...
Journal of Medical Internet Research - International Scientific Journal for Medical Research, Information and Communication on the Internet
Background Young adulthood (age 18 to 35) is a high-risk period for unhealthy weight gain. Few studies have recruited for prevention of weight gain, particularly in young adults. This paper describes...
Excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG) is associated with poor maternal and infant health outcomes, including an increased risk for gestational hypertension, gestational diabetes, caesarean section, low apgar scores and infants who are born large for gestational age [1-4]. There is also an increased likelihood of postpartum obesity in both mothers [2] and their children [5], which in turn leads to an increased risk of chronic disease later in life [6]. Risk factors for EGWG include a high pre-pregnancy BMI, with some studies showing that women who are overweight or obese prior to pregnancy are 2-6 times more likely than women with a normal BMI to be at risk of EGWG [7, 8]. EGWG in women of all pre-pregnancy BMIs can lead to a progressive weight gain which is retained over a womans reproductive years [9].. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) gestational weight guidelines [10] were updated in 2009 and are the most frequently utilised internationally. The guidelines provide ranges of recommended ...
Background: Small enteral boluses with human milk may reduce the risk of subsequent feeding intolerance and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). We hypothesized that feeding amniotic fluid, the natural enteral diet of the mammalian fetus, will have similar effects and improve growth and gastrointestinal (GI) maturation in preterm neonates receiving PN, prior to the transition to milk feeding. Materials and Methods: Twenty-seven pigs, delivered by cesarean section at ~90% of gestation, were provided with PN and also fed boluses with amniotic fluid (AF; n = 13, 24-72 mL/kg/d) or no oral supplements (nil per os [NPO]; n = 14) until day 5 when blood, tissue, and fecal samples were collected for analyses. Results: Body weight gain was 2.7-fold higher in AF vs NPO pigs. AF pigs showed slower gastric emptying, reduced meal-induced release of gastric inhibitory peptide and glucagon-like peptide 2, changed gut microbiota, and reduced intestinal permeability. ...
The association between Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines and pregnancy outcomes across ethnicities is uncertain. We evaluated the associations of gestational weight gain (GWG) outside 2009 IOM guidelines, with maternal and infant outcomes across the USA, western Europe and east Asia, with subgroup analyses in Asia. The aim was to explore ethnic differences in maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), GWG and health outcomes across these regions. Systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression of observational studies were used for the study. MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process, Embase and all Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) Reviews were searched from 1999 to 2017. Studies were stratified by prepregnancy BMI category and total pregnancy GWG. Odds ratio (ORs) 95% confidence intervals (CI) applied recommended GWG within each BMI category as the reference. Primary outcomes were small for gestational age (SGA), preterm birth and large for gestational age (LGA). Secondary outcomes were macrosomia,
High-fat feeding and subsequent weight gain may contribute to innate immune dysfunction. Weight loss via calorie restriction and exercise represent one means to restore normal immune function. The purpose of the study was to examine how 8- weeks of aerobic exercise and low-fat diet affects weight gain, monocyte concentration, and monocyte cell-surface expression of TLR2, TLR4, CD80, and CD86. For 12- months, 24 male CD-1 mice underwent a pre-treatment phase, consuming either a low fat (10% fat) or high-fat (60% fat) diet ad libitum. Mice were randomly assigned to one of four groups (N=6/group): CN (low-fat sedentary), V-EX (voluntary wheel running), F10 EX (forced treadmill running), or SD (sedentary). V-EX, F-EX, and SD groups were switched from the high-fat to low-fat diet for an 8-week treatment period, while the CN group continued consuming the low-fat diet. Saphenous vein blood samples were analyzed using flow cytometry at baseline, week 4, and week 8. V-EX (36.4%) and F14 EX (27.1%) lost