The Open Biological and Biomedical Ontology (OBO) Foundry is a collective of ontology developers that are committed to collaboration and adherence to shared principles. The mission of the OBO Foundry is to develop a family of interoperable ontologies that are both logically well-formed and scientifically accurate. To achieve this, OBO Foundry participants voluntarily adhere to and contribute to the development of an evolving set of principles including open use, collaborative development, non-overlapping and strictly-scoped content, and common syntax and relations, based on ontology models that work well, such as the Gene Ontology (GO).. The OBO Foundry is overseen by an Operations Committee with Editorial, Technical and Outreach working groups. The processes of the Editorial working group are modelled on the journal refereeing process. A complete treatment of the OBO Foundry is given in The OBO Foundry: coordinated evolution of ontologies to support biomedical data integration.. On this site ...
The Ontology Lookup Service (OLS) is a repository for biomedical ontologies that aims to provide a single point of access to the latest ontology versions. You can browse the ontologies through the website as well as programmatically via the OLS API. OLS is developed and maintained by the Samples, Phenotypes and Ontologies Team (SPOT) at EMBL-EBI. ...
We present a method and a tool, OntoLearn, aimed at the extraction of domain ontologies from Web sites, and more generally from documents shared among the members of virtual organizations. OntoLearn first extracts a domain terminology from available documents. Then, complex domain terms are semantically interpreted and arranged in a hierarchical fashion. Finally, a general-purpose ontology, WordNet, is trimmed and enriched with the detected domain concepts. The major novel aspect of this approach is semantic interpretation, that is, the association of a complex concept with a complex term. This involves finding the appropriate WordNet concept for each word of a terminological string and the appropriate conceptual relations that hold among the concept components. Semantic interpretation is based on a new word sense disambiguation algorithm, called structural semantic interconnections.
The assumption here of course is that the use of design patterns happened naturally and was not inflated by ulterior motives. So… yes or no: Does a high design pattern density indicate a mature design? Or, does it at least correlate positively?. Disclaimer: Im using Kents and Erichs statement as the motivation for a paper on design pattern density, and I would like to beef it up with further expert witness.. ...
to the RDF exchange syntax for OWL 2 and vice versa. Every OWL 2 ontology can be serialized in RDF, so every OWL 2 ontology in RDF is a valid OWL Full ontology. The RDF syntax of OWL 2 is backwards-compatible with OWL DL, this is, every OWL DL ontology in RDF is a valid OWL 2 ontology. The semantics OWL 2 is defined for ontologies in the functional-style syntax. OWL 2 ontologies serialized in RDF/XML are interpreted by translating them into the functional-style syntax and applying the OWL 2 semantics ...
For non-genomic data, it can be challenging to find an appropriate term for your content type as both the number and maturity of ontologies is decreased. However, a good starting place is EBIs Ontology Lookup Service. At this site you can search for terms that may match your content type. You may find a perfect term, but if you are uncertain if a term is appropriate please open an issue on Tripals GitHub project page to encourage discussion among the community for the ideal term. Not only will this provide you with help and input in your own search for an ontology term, it will also help others with similar data. We intend to add to this page once decisions are made for other data types to make this process easier and encourage sharing of data between Tripal sites. If all else fails and you cannot find an appropriate existing term, it is possible to create a local term using the local vocabulary. In this case describe your term carefully, add it to the database, and use it for content ...
This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. The latest status of this document series is maintained at the W3C.. This is the Last Call Working Draft of "OWL Test Cases" for review by members of the W3C and other interested parties in the general public. The first release of this document was 4 November 2002 and the Web Ontology Working Group has made its best effort to address comments recieved since then, releasing several drafts and resolving a list of issues meanwhile. The working group seeks confirmation that comments have been addressed to the satisfaction of the community. The working group plans to keep improving these tests until they are published as a Proposed Recommendation. Please let us know (at the comments address below) if you find any errors. We would also appreciate a note describing your experience with these tests if you have developed an OWL implementation. Each test may be edited or have a ...
Bio-ontologies provide terminologies for the scientific community to describe biomedical entities in a standardized manner. There are multiple initiatives that are developing biomedical terminologies for the purpose of providing better annotation, data integration and mining capabilities. Terminology resources devised for multiple purposes inherently diverge in content and structure. A major issue of biomedical data integration is the development of overlapping terms, ambiguous classifications and inconsistencies represented across databases and publications. The disease ontology (DO) was developed over the past decade to address data integration, standardization and annotation issues for human disease data. We have established a DO cancer project to be a focused view of cancer terms within the DO. The DO cancer project mapped 386 cancer terms from the Catalogue of Somatic Mutations in Cancer (COSMIC), The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), International Cancer Genome Consortium, Therapeutically Applicable
Preferred Name: Obinutuzumab Definition: A glycoengineered, humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody with potential antineoplastic activity. Obinutuzumab, a third generation type II anti-CD20 antibody, selectivity binds to the extracellular domain of the human CD20 antigen on malignant human B cells. The Fc region carbohydrates of the antibody, enriched in bisected non-fucosylated glycosylation variants, contribute to its higher binding affinity for human FcgammaRIII receptors compared to non-glycoengineered antibodies, resulting in enhanced antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and caspase-independent apoptosis. In addition, modification of elbow hinge sequences within the antibody variable framework regions may account for the strong apoptosis-inducing activity of R7159 upon binding to CD20 on target cells. Display Name: Obinutuzumab Label: Obinutuzumab NCI Thesaurus Code: C70741 (Search for linked caDSR metadata) (search value sets) NCI Metathesaurus Link: C2742503 (see NCI Metathesaurus ...
GO-Based Term Semantic Similarity: 10.4018/978-1-4666-3604-0.ch005: As the Gene Ontology (GO) plays more and more important roles in bioinformatics research, there has been great interest in developing objective and accurate
CCO basically contains genes, proteins, interactions (comprising genes or proteins that participate in them), processes from the cell cycle subtree of GO, molecular functions (GO), taxa, and ontological constructs (like an upper level ontology and relationships) to stick everything together. The knowledge represented in the system is expected to grow in quantity (integrating more data and different resources) and quality (organizing everything with Ontology Design Patterns and new relationships).". ...
Phenotypic qualities (properties). This ontology can be used in conjunction with other ontologies such as GO or anatomical ontologies to refer to phenotypes. Examples of qualities are red, ectopic, high temperature, fused, small, edematous and arrested ...
CommonJS The CommonJS module proposal specifies a simple API for declaring modules that work outside of the browser (such as on the server). Unlike AMD, it attempts to cover a … - Selection from Learning JavaScript Design Patterns [Book]
Mediator Design Pattern enhanced as a reusable C++ template class.; Author: tojohere; Updated: 11 Apr 2009; Section: C / C++ Language; Chapter: Languages; Updated: 11 Apr 2009
TEAM 4: DESIGN PATTERNS. BY Piyush Vijayvargiya Young Jin Kim Bimesh Giri Arkadiy Gorelik SPRING 2003, COMP 680. Introduction . What is a PATTERN?. Slideshow 5142919 by lada
Description: Ontology alignment, the task of identifying mappings between ontologies, is a key task for knowledge sharing between applications that use different ontologies. Manual alignment is time-consuming and difficult when dealing with large ontologies, which are common in biomedical domain, while automatic alignment shows low coverage. We present a tool with user-friendly GUI for semi-automatic ontology alignment, called NViz. It helps human experts focus on pairs of ontology clusters that are likely to have missing mappings. NViz utilizes a state of-the-art system of ontology alignment, called BOAT, and a hierarchical clustering method. Institution: Nanyang Technological University Contacts: Watson W.K. Chua, Jung-jae Kim, Bui Duc Hieu Home Page: http://nlp.sce.ntu.edu.sg/wiki/projects/nviz/NViz.html ...
Ontologies have been converted into Open Biological Ontologies (OBO) format and are accessible over the web using the Genetic Model Organism Database (GMOD) AmiGO viewer. This program displays and allows free text searches of the SoyBase ontologies. It is accessible at the SoyBase web site at http://soybase.org/ontology.php. In addition, the SoyBase ontologies were also made viewable and searchable at the OBO Foundry website, BioPortal (http://bioportal.bioontology.org/ontologies/47150?p=terms) and at the Generation Challenge Program Crop Ontology website (http://www.cropontology.org/ontology/SOY/SoyBase Soybean Trait Ontology). The existing SoyBase Simple Semantic Web Architechture and Protocol (SSWAP) services have been upgraded and were incorporated into the iPlant Collaboratives Semantic Discovery Environment. SoyBase staff curated 44 Quantitative Trait Locus (QTL) references from the literature, representing 844 new QTL records added to the Soybean Breeders Toolbox and to the Soybean ...
Abstract: Biomedical ontologies are crucial for bridging the gap between biomedical data and biomedical knowledge, since they provide a structured and unambiguous model of the concepts needed to understand a domain. Developing and maintaining a biomedical ontology is a time and effort-consuming task, given the dynamic and expanding nature of biomedical knowledge. This is a relevant issue for very large ontologies which cover a broad domain, for smaller ontologies maintained by a small team and also for domains where being able to perform quick updates is critical (e.g. epidemiology). To help minimize this effort, we can capitalize on ontology engineering methods, such as ontology learning and ontology matching, to provide new candidate concepts for a biomedical ontology, and thus extend it. I am developing a methodology for semi-automated ontology extension, called Auxesia, which aims at addressing two of the biggest issues when working with biomedical ontologies: their size and the complexity ...
We report on an ongoing research project, aiming at a digital as well as a printed edition of the globe on the basis of a new (2011) high-resolution digital photographic record and a 3D reconstruction. Furthermore, there is a database of digitized analog images of its surface taken in 1990 and black-and-white images from 1940. Based on these image data, a comprehensive catalogue of all visually relevant places including text fields is built up by means of a domain ontology for medieval cartography in description logics (OWL-DL). Up to now, nearly 3000 instances (catalogue entries and comments) have been created. These instances are the core of the planned edition. Generic concepts and properties for objects, time and space, events, actors, processes, etc., are represented in a reference ontology, such that domain specific concepts are derived from the generic ones. The ICOM/CIDOCs Conceptual Reference Model CRM (ISO 21227) is such a reference ontology; our implementation "Erlangen CRM" provides ...
you can specify that the thesaurus created be case-sensitive.. In addition, when a case-sensitive thesaurus is specified in a query, the thesaurus lookup uses the query terms exactly as entered in the query. Therefore, queries that use case-sensitive thesauri allow for a higher level of precision in the query expansion, which helps lookup when and only when you have a case-sensitive index.. For example, a case-sensitive thesaurus is created with different entries for the distinct meanings of the terms Turkey (the country) and turkey (the type of bird). Using the thesaurus, a query for Turkey expands to include only the entries associated with Turkey.. ...
The prevelance of digital information raised issues regarding the suitability of conventional library tools for organizing information. The multi-dimensionality of digital resources requires a more versatile and flexible representation to accommodate intelligent information representation and retrieval. Ontologies are used as a solution to such issues in many application domains, mainly due to their ability to explicitly specify the semantics and relations and to express them in a computer understandable language. Conventional knowledge organization tools such as classifications and thesauri resemble ontologies in a way that they define concepts and relationships in a systematic manner, but they are less expressive than ontologies when it comes to machine language. This paper used the controlled vocabulary at the Gateway to Educational Materials (GEM) as an example to address the issues in representing digital resouces. The theoretical and methodological framework in this paper serves as the rationale
Description: The goal of DDI project is to develop an ontology for the description of drug discovery investigations. DDI aims to follow to the OBO (Open Biomedical Ontologies) Foundry principles, uses relations laid down in the OBO Relation Ontology, and be compliant with Ontology for biomedical investigations (OBI). Institution: Aberystwyth University Contacts: Da Qi, Larisa Soldatova, Ross King, Andrew Hopkins, Richard Bickerton Home Page: http://purl.org/ddi/home ...
Gene functional annotations are an essential part of knowledge discovery in the analysis of large datasets, with the Gene Ontology [Ashburner et al., 2000] as the de facto standard for such annotations. A considerable number of approaches for quantifying functional similarity between gene products based on the semantic similarity between their annotations have been developed, but little guidance exists as to which of these measures are the most appropriate for different purposes. This was addressed here by comparing the performances of a number of similarity measures and associated parameters. This comparison provided some interesting new insights as well as confirming emerging trends from the literature. There is also a pressing need for novel ways of applying these measures to facilitate the functional analysis of lists of gene products. We developed a novel algorithm, FuSiGroups, to group GO terms based on their semantic similarity and genes based on their functional similarity. This two-fold ...
pat wrote] ,, ,... ,, , ,, ,, I would ask for this notion of role to be clarified before giving a ,, ,, detailed response. The existing RDFS model theory does not recognize ,, ,, any roles. ,, , ,, ,Yes, the existing RDFS model theory does not recognize any dual roles. ,, , ,, ,Based on my understanding, RDFS (RDF and RDF Schema) can be used as ,, ,a meta-language (a language for defining other ontology languages) ,, ,as well as an ontology language. ,, ,, That is not exactly my understanding, although we may be simply using ,, terminology slightly differently. ,, ,, RDF is a language for making simple assertions about things (which ,, can be anything, in principle). The primary intended purpose of ,, RDF(S) is to provide for semantic markup of web pages to express ,, content in a machine-usable form. It is essentially a small subset of ,, a first-order logic. It can be, and is intended to be, used as a ,, foundation for other, richer, languages which are extensions of RDF ,, (and include ...
Description: In the context of prenatal diagnosis of fetal malformation, knowledge of similar and resolved cases (i.e. previous cases with a diagnosis validated by fetal post-mortem examination) is essential for diagnosis orientation. Therefore, access to biomedical data collected over the years by fetopathological experts is crucial.This work addresses the imperious need to gather all the fetopathological data and to make it easily accessible for an effective use of this collective memory. Our research hypothesis is that scanning fetopathological medical records will bring added value in terms of knowledge, allowing the design of a fetal abnormalities knowledge-base. The medical records will be structured and enriched by indexing using ontological and terminological resources and their links with external knowledge (publications, databases). Semantic and linguistic processes will provide access to similar cases. Institution: Inserm, Paris, France Contacts: Jean Charlet, Xavier Aim, Andreea ...
HIPAASpace RESTful API is an application programming interface (API) that provides simplest, lightweight, robust, seamless integration with HIPAASpace International Classification of Diseases Version 10 data service.
HIPAASpace RESTful API is an application programming interface (API) that provides simplest, lightweight, robust, seamless integration with HIPAASpace Animal Drug Product data service.
Trying to learn ? We can help! Memorize these flashcards or create your own flashcards with Cram.com. Learn a new language today.
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NCS partners some of the best healthcare technology providers to deliver seamless and quality care at the community, secondary, and tertiary levels. We provide solutions that support a dynamic, patient-centric environment that keeps up with rapid changes in healthcare needs and policies.. NCS healthcare consultants are well-versed in clinical vocabularies, terminologies, and classification systems related to disease reporting, tests, adverse drug reactions, quality of life, and case mix acuity. We also have extensive experience in the development, implementation, variance analysis, and reporting of clinical indicators and clinical pathways (protocols) for each disease and procedural group.. NCS improves processes and implements modules that deliver efficient operations at healthcare institutions. This also leads to better management of healthcare costs. Our solutions include:. ...
View value sets organized by standards category or source terminology. Standards categories group the value sets supporting them; all other labels lead to the home pages of actual value sets or source terminologies. Search or browse a value set from its home page, or search all value sets at once from this page (very slow) to find which ones contain a particular code or term. Many of these value sets are subsets of NCI Thesaurus that are developed jointly with EVS partners as federal and international coding standards (see the NCI Thesaurus Subsets page).. ...
The Hillside Group is a nonprofit corporation dedicated to improving human communication about computers by encouraging people to codify common programming and design practice. We sponsor conferences like PLoP, EuroPLoP, UP, ChiliPLoP, Mensore PLoP, KoalaPLoP and SugarLoafPLoP
Computational approaches to study biochemistry require machine accessible representations of biochemical knowledge. Based on the requirements for assembling, managing and analysing genome-scale constraint-based models of liver metabolism we developed a semantic data model for representation of liver biochemical knowledge. Employing a role-based representation of biochemical processes as molecular events specified in the Web Ontology Language (OWL) we here outline an information model that employs ...
This article shows a case study about how we use the Prototype pattern to Elizabeths fun activity; Author: Allen _ Wang; Updated: 23 Sep 2009; Section: Design and Architecture; Chapter: Development Lifecycle; Updated: 23 Sep 2009
Medical and Dental Space Planning: A Comprehensive Guide to Design, Equipment, and Clinical Procedures (4th edition) By Jain Malkin ...
The National Center for Biomedical Ontology was founded as one of the National Centers for Biomedical Computing, supported by the NHGRI, the NHLBI, and the NIH Common Fund under grant U54-HG004028.. ...
You are viewing the OBO Foundry AgroPortal Slice at obo-foundry.agroportal.lirmm.fr. To see all of the ontologies in AgroPortal visit the full site. ...
Hi All, Just a reminder that Ive now done all I have time to do on this page. Use Case OBO Phenotype Assertion Wiki page http://esw.w3.org/topic/HCLS/OntologyTaskForce/SeedOntology/ SeedOntologyDetailedFollowup#preview Ive created OBO Phenotype Assertions for the first three experimental observations/research statements/claims from the first paper listed on this page. I again ask the more technically geeky amongst us to review this to determine whether this approach would appear to fit the niche I described in the call in reference to tying the Use Case free text descriptions being assembled by June, Gwen, Elizabeth, Don, et. - providing formal assertions to back these Use Case observations to the BioRDF data sets and the appropriate distilled knowledge sources (many of which June et al. have identified in their AD/PD comparative Use Case table). I would stress: 1) This technique would be very narrowly applied to a tight set domain derived from the Use Case. 2) This does not replace what is ...
Designing and implementing typed programming languages is hard. Every new type system feature requires extending the metatheory and implementation, which are often complicated and fragile. To ease this process, we would like to provide general mechanisms that subsume many different features.. In modern type systems, parametric polymorphism is fundamental, but intersection polymorphism has gained little traction in programming languages. Most practical intersection type systems have supported only refinement intersections, which increase the expressiveness of types (more precise properties can be checked) without altering the expressiveness of terms; refinement intersections can simply be erased during compilation. In contrast, unrestricted intersections increase the expressiveness of terms, and can be used to encode diverse language features, promising an economy of both theory and implementation.. We describe a foundation for compiling unrestricted intersection and union types: an elaboration ...
The many uses for information content over bio-ontologies. Phillip Lord School of Computing Science Newcastle University. Summary. The purpose and status of ontologies within biology. The motivation for measures. Our original information content measures and their validation. Slideshow 1356476 by kara
DMTO is an OWL 2 ontology for creating customized treatment plans for diabetic patients. The ontology is based on BFO and OGMS. In addition, it extends the DDO ontology by adding the treatment classes and axioms to the existing diagnosis part ...
The National Center for Biomedical Ontology was founded as one of the National Centers for Biomedical Computing, supported by the NHGRI, the NHLBI, and the NIH Common Fund under grant U54-HG004028 ...
Synonyms for equanimity at Thesaurus.com with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Find descriptive alternatives for equanimity.
Synonyms for asphyxiate at Thesaurus.com with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Find descriptive alternatives for asphyxiate.
A biomedical ontology is a set of terms and relations that represent entities and relations between these entities in a specific biomedical domain. Biomedical...
Methods, systems and computer readable media for correlating data from data sets to higher level categories of characterization of the data. Data from a first set of data is analyzed to determine where members of the first set map to an ontology. Data from a second set of data is analyzed to determine where members of the second set map to the ontology. From such analysis a subset of the first set of data is identified and a subset of the second set of data is identified. The subset of the first set of data is statistically analyzed with regard to its mapping to the ontology, and a first set of ontology terms are identified that are statistically differentiated by members of the subset of the first set of data. The subset of the second set of data is statistically analyzed with regard to its mapping to the ontology, and a second set of ontology terms is identified that are statistically differentiated by members of the subset of the second set of data. Correlation of the first set of ontology terms with
An anonymous reader writes: Ever since I started coding, I have always loved object-oriented design patterns. I built an HTML preprocessor that adds inheritance, polymorphism, and public methods to this venerable language. It offers more freedom than a templating engine and has a wider variety of ...
Description: The Electrophysiology (EP) Ontology is part of Project 2 of the Cardiovascular Research Grid (CVRG), an NHLBI funded effort to develop a national infrastructure for managing, sharing, and analyzing a broad range of cardiac data. The EP Ontology will contain terms for describing single-channel electrophysiological experiments and data obtained using voltage-clamp, current clamp and fluorescence imaging techniques applied at the cell level and multi-channel fluorescence imaging techniques applied at the cell, tissue and whole heart levels. Institution: The Johns Hopkins University Contacts: Dr. Raimond L. Winslow, Stephen J. Granite Home Page: http://www.cvrgrid.org ...
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Abstract. The goal of domain-specific languages (DSLs) is to increase the productivity of software engineers by abstracting from low-level boilerplate code. Introduction of DSLs in the software development process requires a smooth workflow for the production of DSLs themselves. This requires technology for designing and implementing DSLs, but also a methodology for using that technology. That is, a collection of guidelines, design patterns, and reusable DSL components that show developers how
Integrating Large, Disparate, BiomedicalOntologies to Boost Organ DevelopmentNetwork Connectivity Chimezie Ogbuji1 and Rong Xu2 Metacognition LLC1 Cas…
42 synonyms and near synonyms of unself-consciousness from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 22 antonyms and near antonyms. Find another word for unself-consciousness.
34 synonyms and near synonyms of pensioned from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 21 antonyms and near antonyms. Find another word for pensioned.
This code does essentially the same thing (without a calculation, though that would be simple to add to this code) but does it with a hash instead of a custom class. There is far less code to read, even if you account for the calculations that need to be done, and its generally easier to see that this is just access to a named set of value. This code also eliminates the desire to have an explicit null object pattern implementation. If the ScoredValue class receives a nil as the first parameter, it can just return "N/A" for us and we dont have to deal with yet another design pattern and layer of abstraction in our system.. Given the relative simplicity of the genetics hash compared to the lipids class, why, then, am I using a class to define access to a value via a method, which is essentially just a key to get the value that I need? What benefit am I introducing to my system by modeling the access to my data in this way? I honestly dont think Im adding any value in this case, and as Ive ...
Existing mature ontology engineering approaches are based on some basic assumptions that are often neglected in practice. Ontologies often need to be built in a decentralized way, ontologies must be g
Enriched sample ontology terms on this co-expression clusterSummary:To summarize promoter activities (expression profile of a TSS region) across ~1000 samples, we performed enrichment analysis based on FANTOM5 Sample Ontology (FF ontology). The question here is "in which type of samples the promoter is more active". To answer this question, we compared expressions (TPMs) in the samples associated with a sample ontology term and the rest of the samples by using the Mann-Whitney rank sum test. To summarize ontologies enriched in this co-expression cluster, we ran the same analysis on an averaged expression profile of all promoters that make up. Analyst: Hideya Kawaji ...
Enriched sample ontology terms on this co-expression clusterSummary:To summarize promoter activities (expression profile of a TSS region) across ~1000 samples, we performed enrichment analysis based on FANTOM5 Sample Ontology (FF ontology). The question here is "in which type of samples the promoter is more active". To answer this question, we compared expressions (TPMs) in the samples associated with a sample ontology term and the rest of the samples by using the Mann-Whitney rank sum test. To summarize ontologies enriched in this co-expression cluster, we ran the same analysis on an averaged expression profile of all promoters that make up. Analyst: Hideya Kawaji ...
Simon Spero has an interesting post on why LCSH cannot be considered a thesaurus. At $work Ive been working on mapping LCSH/MARC to SKOS, so Simons efforts...
Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information ...
This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/tgn/) ...
Note: Neurolex imports many terms and their ids from existing community ontologies, e.g., the Gene Ontology. Neurolex, however, is a dynamic site and any content beyond the identifier should not be presumed to reflect the content or views of the source ontology. Users should consult with the authoritative source for each ontology for current information ...
Projects are keyword indexed by major themes using terms derived from the CAB Thesaurus controlled vocabulary. The tag cloud shows the most frequent search terms used in the database.. ...
Projects are keyword indexed by major themes using terms derived from the CAB Thesaurus controlled vocabulary. The tag cloud shows the most frequent search terms used in the database.. ...
Découvrez plus de 4 Ontology groupes de 1400 membres près de chez vous et rencontrez des personnes qui partagent vos centres dintérêts.
Dutch ..... De hiërarchie Kenmerken en Eigenschappen bevat descriptoren voor intrinsieke kenmerken, in het bijzonder fysieke kenmerken van materialen en objecten. Uitgezonderd zijn descriptoren voor kleuren en kleureigenschappen, die deel uitmaken van de afzonderlijke hiërarchie Kleur. In algemeen gebruik is het onderscheid tussen welke karakteristieken kenmerken en welke eigenschappen genoemd kunnen worden niet altijd duidelijk, en daarom is er in de hiërarchie niet altijd een scheiding aangebracht tussen de twee. Als algemene richtlijn verwijst kenmerken naar karakteristieken van individuele objecten, onderdelen of eenheden, en de descriptoren worden gewoonlijk gebruikt om de zaak te beschrijven; ze zijn vaak duidelijk waarneembaar, hoewel niet kwantificeerbaar volgens een vastgestelde norm. Eigenschappen verwijst hier naar karakteristieken die suggereren hoe een materiaal, of soms een groep van dingen, zal reageren onder bepaalde omstandigheden; ze zijn vaak kwantificeerbaar, ...
Chinese (traditional) ..... 經切割且內部嵌有裝飾性陶瓷物件的水晶玻璃,通常為雕刻成白色耐熱瓷質的圓形珠寶或浮雕寶石。為十八世紀波西米亞的發明,此技術由巴黎承接,卻直到十八及十九世紀,才由英國玻璃工匠在歐洲發揚光大。而顏色呈特殊黃色或紅色的玻璃,則稱為「硫化鎘玻璃」。 ...
Relations between GO terms are indicated by colored edges "is_a"; "part_of"; "regulates"; "positively_regulates"; "negatively_regulates" ...
Relations between GO terms are indicated by colored edges "is_a"; "part_of"; "regulates"; "positively_regulates"; "negatively_regulates" ...
امروزه کاهش گرافن اکسید با استفاده از واکنش گر های طبیعی و روش های سازگار با محیط زیست، توجه بسیاری از محققان را به خود جلب کرده و منجر به تولید انبوه گرافن برای کاربردهای تجاری شده است. در این مقاله، پیشرفت های اخیر در کاهش گرافن اکسید GO با استفاده از واکنش گر ها و روش های سازگار با محیط زیست معرفی شده است. این روش ها به دو گروه استفاده از واکنش گرهای کاهنده با پایه ی طبیعی و روش های جایگزین دسته بندی می شوند. هم چنین در این مقاله انواع واکنش گر ها و روش های کاهنده ی GO نام برده و مزایا و معایب آن ها بررسی شده است. با این حال هم چنان تحقیقات بیش تری برای دستیابی به
Hi all, The OBO Foundry is currently working on some new and improved ontology management strategies. As these strategies and infrastructure mature, we will be making announcements on the OBO-Discuss mailing list and contacting each ontology steward. Because this listserve is currently listed as a contact for an OBO Foundry registered ontology, we would request that someone on this list please suggest a contact person. Please note that we will continue to maintain links to these associated listserves. Each ontology contact/steward (regardless if OBO or OWL) should subscribe to obo-discuss. You can do so here: https://lists.sourceforge.net/lists/listinfo/obo-discuss We would be grateful for your help in accomplishing our goal of having a contact person for each OBO ontology registered with the Foundry. On behalf of the OBO Foundry, Melissa Dr. Melissa Haendel Assistant Professor Ontology Development Group, OHSU Library http://www.ohsu.edu/library/ Department of Medical Informatics and ...
Medical Terminology Interactive -- Access Card -- for Medical Terminology: A Living Language . You can also read and download new and old full E-Books. Enjoy and relax with full Medical Terminology Interactive -- Access Card -- for Medical Terminology: A Living Language Books Online ...
Take a journey through the human body and learn medical terminology related to all 11 of its organ systems. In this course, we discuss diseases of the cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, nervous, skeletal, muscular, integumentary (skin), urinary, digestive, and male and female reproductive systems. We also go over different diagnostic and treatment procedures for each system. As you progress through the course, youll learn the meaning of many prefixes, root words, and suffixes, and youll greatly increase your medical terminology vocabulary!. To reinforce your learning, the lessons include activities and assignments designed to give you additional practice in understanding and remembering the medical terminology taught in this course. By the end of this course, youll find that you have greatly increased your knowledge of medical terminology as well as broadened your understanding of human disease!. ...
Take a journey through the human body and learn medical terminology related to all 11 of its organ systems. In this course, youll learn about diseases of the cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, nervous, skeletal, muscular, integumentary (skin), urinary, digestive, and male and female reproductive systems. Youll also go over different diagnostic and treatment procedures for each system. As you progress through the course, youll learn the meaning of many prefixes, root words, and suffixes, and youll greatly increase your medical terminology vocabulary!. To reinforce your learning, the lessons include activities and assignments designed to give you additional practice in understanding and remembering the medical terminology taught in this course. By the end of this course, youll find that you have greatly increased your knowledge of medical terminology as well as broadened your understanding of human disease!. ...
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D1600 - 14 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics , abbreviated terms, code numbers, flame retardants, monomers, plastic blends and alloys, plastics, plasticizers, terminology symbols,
Authors: Boulos, Maged N. Kamel Article Type: Research Article Abstract: HealthCyberMap (http://healthcybermap.semanticweb.org ) is a Semantic Web project that aims at mapping selected parts of health information resources in cyberspace in novel semantic ways to improve their retrieval and navigation. This paper describes HealthCyberMap semantic subject search engine methodology and early prototype which attempt to overcome the limitations of conventional free text search engines. Explicit concepts in resource metadata map onto a brokering domain ontology (a clinical terminology or classification) allowing a Semantic Web search engine to infer implicit meanings (synonyms and semantic relationships) not directly mentioned in either the resource or its metadata. Similarly, user queries would map to …the same ontology allowing the search engine to infer the implicit semantics of user queries and use them to optimise retrieval. Related issues of metadata, clinical terminologies and automatic vs. ...
Basic medical terminology is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. Medical terms are used in the field of medicine, and clinical settings. This section deals with all med terms beginning with the letter M, and features a med term prefix list along with roots and suffixes.. Letter M - Cusis Medical Term Medical Terminology - A to Z ...
Ch 5 - Prefixes - Building a Medical Vocabulary with Spanish Translations - Ch 5 - Prefixes, suffixes, and CFs to build Medical Terms
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Knowledge Representation furthers research on formalisms and tools for semantically precise and computable knowledge representation in relation to biomedicine.. Informaticians working in this area-Biomedical Knowledge Representation and Semantics-are interested in knowledge representation techniques (e.g., frames, semantic network and description logics), biomedical ontologies (e.g., SNOMED CT and Gene Ontology), semantic web representations (e.g., RDF, SKOS and OWL), and technologies. They explore the role of knowledge representation in knowledge management, data integration and interoperability, biomedical reasoning (inferencing) and decision support, and study current trends and future directions of this exciting field.. Visit the online community for this group at http://connect.amia.org/KRS-WG. To send a message to this group, please use ...
Some of the selected vocabularies have base URI entered. Do you want to replace relations in other vocabularies that are pointing to the deletable vocabulary with fully qualified URIs?. ...
Some of the selected vocabularies have base URI entered. Do you want to replace relations in other vocabularies that are pointing to the deletable vocabulary with fully qualified URIs?. ...
The Proteomics Identification Database (PRIDE) was established in 2005 in response to the large amounts of proteomic data. This is not the only database that serves as a repository of proteomics data. Others include GPMDB, Proteinpedia, Peptide Atlas, and NCBIs Peptidome. The data submitted to the PRIDE database can be anonymously shared with reviewers and editors through log-in accounts. This feature has made the PRIDE database the preferred placed to submit data for a variety of journals including Nature Biotechnology, Proteomics, and Nature Methods. There have been two tools that have had a very positive influence on the growth of the PRIDE database. These are the Ontology Lookup Service (OLS) and the Protein Identifier Cross-Reference System (PICR). Database on Demand (DoD) is a third tool that was added to increase the usefulness of the database.. The data contained within PRIDE is very diverse and is becoming more diverse as the years pass by. As of 2010, humans are represented the most ...
Preferred Name: Fondaparinux Sodium Definition: The sodium salt form of fondaparinux, a synthetic glucopyranoside with antithrombotic activity. Fondaparinux sodium selectively binds to antithrombin III, thereby potentiating the innate neutralization of activated factor X (Factor Xa) by antithrombin. Neutralization of Factor Xa inhibits its activity and interrupts the blood coagulation cascade, thereby preventing thrombin formation and thrombus development. (NCI05) NCI-GLOSS Definition: A drug used to prevent blood clots from forming inside blood vessels in the leg. It is being studied in the prevention of blood clots in some cancer patients, including women having surgery for cancer of the reproductive tract. It is a type of anticoagulant. Display Name: Fondaparinux Sodium Label: Fondaparinux Sodium NCI Thesaurus Code: C47539 (Search for linked caDSR metadata) (search value sets) NCI Metathesaurus Link: C1099664 (see NCI Metathesaurus info) Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details) ...
Definition of Passive vocabulary in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is Passive vocabulary? Meaning of Passive vocabulary as a legal term. What does Passive vocabulary mean in law?
In indexing journals offering broad coverage of general medicine and specialties and in indexing sets of periodicals issued by different publishers, indexers usually rely on the external authority of a controlled vocabulary. Controlled vocabularies allow indexers to resolve variances in natural language systematically. The vocabularies establish preferred terms with cross-references from alternative forms of entry. Thus, all relevant references can be gathered under a single heading. Controlled vocabularies also establish hierarchical relationships among related terms. Such hierarchies most often take the form of a thesaurus in which narrower terms are entered as subentries beneath the broader terms to which they
In indexing journals offering broad coverage of general medicine and specialties and in indexing sets of periodicals issued by different publishers, indexers usually rely on the external authority of a controlled vocabulary. Controlled vocabularies allow indexers to resolve variances in natural language systematically. The vocabularies establish preferred terms with cross-references from alternative forms of entry. Thus, all relevant references can be gathered under a single heading. Controlled vocabularies also establish hierarchical relationships among related terms. Such hierarchies most often take the form of a thesaurus in which narrower terms are entered as subentries beneath the broader terms to which they
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Medical Terminology Made Simple: TinnitusAs a service to people who are thinking of entering the medical and medical support professions, StraighterLine is launching a series of short posts on medical terminology. Each post will define one medical term.Todays medical term is . . . TinnitusTinnitus, commonly known as
Recently, plant genome sequencing has expanded to different species of plants. This has dramatically expanded our knowledge of gene expression in plant structures and development, as well as plant evolution. However, due to the vast phylogenetic diversity within the plant kingdom some inconsistencies with terminology have occurred. These conflicting plant vocabularies challenge advancement in the plant sciences; therefore, it is important to have a consistent plant structure vocabulary that encompasses all green plants. The Plant Ontology (PO) has been constructed as a well-structured vocabulary whether the terms are anatomical or developmental. The PO also annotates gene expression data to a wide diversity of plant parts and stages of development, for example, terms can be linked with relevant genes that are expressed during the development of a certain structure. Terms are arranged in a hierarchical structure in which taxon-specific annotations occur; this provides the opportunity for users to ...
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UNIVERSITY OF OSLO Department of Informatics Processing Electronic Medical Records Ontology-Driven Information Extraction and Structuring in the Clinical Domain Master thesis Lars-Erik Bruce August 1,
OBO Foundry Ontologies Cell Type Ontology page on the Modeling Immunity for Biodefense WIki (requires approval) Leukocyte Surface Marker Ontology (cdo.obo, created by Martin Zand) GO Consortium Home Page Immune Protein List (excel) An Excel spreadsheet of current immune and hematopoietic cell types in the Cell Ontology can be found here. This spreadsheet has columns for additional descriptive information for the existing immune cell types that participants are invited to fill in as they like: proper is_a parent, morphology, surface markers, transcription factors, location, role or process, and lineage. This information will be used in constructing formal definitions for these cell types. ...
Study Medical Terminology - Ch 2 Suffixes flashcards taken from chapter 2 of the book Medical Terminology: Language for Healthcare.
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