Brandon at Siris says Whenever I teach virtue ethics, I tell my students that one can see the strengths of virtue ethics in the Care Bears -- as well as the things usually criticized. [...] The Care Bears are an extremely simplified picture of virtue ethics, the sort that can be fit into a greeting…
We hear endless amounts about zero tolerance for drugs and drink driving, how about zero tolerance for violent men? Please tell me what does zero tolerance mean?????
Introduction. As veterinary ethics matures, it is important that veterinarians engage with ethical theories, and the increasingly large literature on animals moral standing, so that our decisions are defensible and maintain social credibility. This paper briefly explores some major theoretical options and the question of animals moral standing.. Virtue Theories. Virtue theories concentrate primarily not on our obligations or how we should conduct ourselves, but rather on the kind of person we should be and the kind of character we should cultivate. A virtue can be defined as "a commendable trait of character manifested in habitual action" (Rachels 2010, p. 160). Examples of virtues are benevolence, compassion, fairness and patience. Virtue theories typically provide some further definition of the virtues in addition to naming them. For example, we might say, following Aristotle, that courage is a mean (or midpoint) between cowardice and foolhardiness. In addition, we need to have some idea of ...
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In this section, we review some of the recent corruption literature in order to set the boundaries and content of the corruption phenomenon. We cite a number of scholarly definitions of corruption, describe the scope and types of corruption, and the principal recommendations for reform. Our ultimate goal, in the next section, is to demonstrate how our version of global virtue ethics applies to this major global issue.. Gerald and Naomi Caiden (1977) suggest three definitions of corruption: public interest, public duty, and market-centered. Public interest corruption refers to bribery or other rewards leading a functionary to favor those who offer bribes and to damage the public interest in the process. Public duty corruption refers to behavior that deviates from theformal duties of a public role because of so-called private-regarding pecuniary or status gains. Market-centered corruption refers to attempts by individuals or groups to influence the bureaucracy. The Caidens comment on the ...
Introduction. Outline the main features of virtue ethics. Virtue ethics is person rather than action based it looks at the virtue or moral character of the person carrying out an action, rather than an ethical duty or rule, or even the consequences of particular actions. Virtue ethics not only deals with the rightness or wrongness of the actions of an individual, but it provides guidance to the sort of quality and behaviours a good person will seek to achieve. Its a useful theory since human beings are often more interested in assessing the character of another person than they are in assessing the goodness or badness of a particular action which a person may not usually think about when doing or seeing an action. This suggests that the way to build a good society is to help its members to be good people, rather than to use laws and punishments to prevent or deter bad actions, instead of saying that the person is bad, you can instead say the action they are doing or have done is wrong. Virtue ...
In early 2014, the private sector finally returned to its pre-Great Recession level of employment. Last year was also a turning point for the public sector, which added 74,000 jobs after experiencing losses throughout the recession and most of the recovery. However, due in large part to austerity policy, the public sector is still 381,000 jobs short of where it was before the recession. This public sector austerity is the main reason why even at this years decent rate of job growth, a return to full economic health in the labor market remains two years away. A small group of conservative legislators are threatening yet another shutdown of the federal government that would force millions of Americans to make do without needed government services and would force hundreds of thousands of federal employees to go without a paycheck until Congress reaches a resolution.. The burdens of austerity policy and congressional dysfunction have been disproportionately born by women and African Americans ...
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SKY-HIGH levels of child poverty in the Capital have been slammed by campaigners amid warnings the crisis could worsen as government austerity measures bite. | AUSTERITY & OPPRESSION SUPPORTERS VS THE PROGRESSION Of The REST OF US
Zero Tolerance is a charity working to tackle the causes of mens violence against women. We work with individuals, communities, womens organisations, schools, the media and others to address the causes of violence against women.
Richard Watson generally finds "insulting" all comparisons between human oppression and the alleged oppression of nonhumans (Watson 1992, 119). Similar reactions which have found their way into print are expressed in the writings of Carl Cohen, Steven Rose, and Leslie Francis and Richard Norman, who also find such comparisons to be offensive (Cohen 1986, 867; Rose in Benton 1993, 6; Francis and Norman 1978, 527). However, it comes down to this: extreme forms of harm to animals are noted here, which appear to be visited upon the creatures just because they are different in variously specified ways. And it is always implied that animals being different entails a license to harm them, although it is never explained, in all of the philosophical literature on animal ethics, just how that entailment might work. It is right to at least suspect that there is no link between being different and having a license to harm those who are different, yet such a conclusion is always sought: harming animals is ...
MN: Oh, I think Intercourse is a great book, I teach it all the time, but its not about pornography. Andrea Dworkin is a fiction writer really. Shes not a philosopher, so she doesnt always write with a great deal of definitional precision. I wrote a piece which is in "Sex and Social Justice" about philosophers and prophets in which I contrasted myself with her with some kind of unease, because I think philosophers dont want to move to the next step until they patiently make the right distinctions. Whereas I think Dworkin is a prophet. Her mentor was Frederick Douglass, she wants to get out there and denounce an evil. And like Frederick Douglass, the great abolitionist, she doesnt always define her terms precisely. So what I think she really is doing in Intercourse is saying that its not just this or that evil offender that we need to be worried about, it is social norms themselves. When men use force against women, its not enough to say: oh well that was a bad guy, or: that was a pervert, ...
Zero tolerance is a state law that went into effect on January 1, 1995 for drivers under the age of 21 in the state of Illinois. The law provides for suspension of the driving privileges of any person under the age of 21 who drives after consuming alcohol. Like the name zero tolerance suggests, any trace of alcohol in a young persons system can result in a suspended drivers license. Even with this law in effect each year there are about 3,000 zero tolerance violations recorded. With 3,000 violations a year despite the enforcement of this law shows a vital need for alcohol education and alcohol rehabilitation for those already caught in the grip of alcohol addiction. This is where Narconon Arrowhead steps in as leader in these areas. Not only does Narconon Arrowhead educate our youth about the dangers of alcohol but also provides rehabilitation services for alcohol and drug addiction with a 70% success rate ...
During the past quarter century this power has not only increased to one of disturbing magnitude but it has changed in character. The most alarming of all mans assaults upon the environment is the contamination of air, earth, rivers, and sea with dangerous and even lethal materials. This pollution is for the most part irrecoverable; the chain of evil it initiates not only in the world that must support life but in living tissues is for the most part irreversible. In this now universal contamination of the environment, chemicals are the sinister and little-recognized partners of radiation in changing the very nature of the world-the very nature of its life. Strontium 90, released through nuclear explosions into the air, comes to the earth in rain or drifts down as fallout, lodges in soil, enters into the grass or corn or wheat grown there, and in time takes up its abode in the bones of a human being, there to remain until his death. Similarly, chemicals sprayed on croplands or forests or gardens ...
During the past quarter century this power has not only increased to one of disturbing magnitude but it has changed in character. The most alarming of all mans assaults upon the environment is the contamination of air, earth, rivers, and sea with dangerous and even lethal materials. This pollution is for the most part irrecoverable; the chain of evil it initiates not only in the world that must support life but in living tissues is for the most part irreversible. In this now universal contamination of the environment, chemicals are the sinister and little-recognized partners of radiation in changing the very nature of the world-the very nature of its life. Strontium 90, released through nuclear explosions into the air, comes to the earth in rain or drifts down as fallout, lodges in soil, enters into the grass or corn or wheat grown there, and in time takes up its abode in the bones of a human being, there to remain until his death. Similarly, chemicals sprayed on croplands or forests or gardens ...
One of the key intellectual touchstones in the move toward government austerity efforts around the world may have been incorrect in its conclusions due in part to spreadsheet coding errors, researchers said on Tuesday.
After seven years of austerity we might expect the public to begin to tire of cuts in spending. Such a reaction now seems to be emerging. Support for increases in overall public spending and spending on benefits is now higher than it was before the financial crash, while more people think that the NHS has a severe funding problem.. - Support for public spending at pre-crash level: Public backing for more taxation and public spending is at its highest point (45%) for a decade. Almost as many now want to see spending and taxation increased as would like them to stay the same (47%).. - Opposition to benefit cuts: A majority are opposed to cuts to welfare and 39% think that the government should spend more on welfare benefits for the poor - higher than at any time since 2003.. - NHS funding crisis: Almost everyone(93%), thinks the NHS has a funding problem and 32% say this problem is severe - up from 19% in 2014. In spite of this, there is no consensus about how to bridge the funding gap. While 42% ...
Finding the balance between implementing austerity measures and supporting employment is a tough challenge that many European countries are facing. With fiscal consolidation policies in such different economies as the United Kingdom and Spain, the next challenge will be for them to find ways to juggle with the two key policies.
... . Scottish and Welsh finance secretaries call for UK Government to end obsession with failed policy.
Many people argue that Europes austerity policy is not tenable in the long run if it impoverishes the poorer nations, and much the same can be said of the financial fair play regulations. Sound finance is a worthy goal, but not if it guarantees German and English dominance (in the latter case funded by international broadcast income) at the expense of the games traditional southern powers ...
A consensus is gathering pace in Europe against the controversial and painful austerity policies that are being driven by German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
EU authorities would need to re-examine Italys austerity plan if it is overhauled, an Italian Treasury official said on Friday, while town mayors added to the clamor for amendments by protesting against funding cuts.
Spains king and crown prince are taking pay cuts as part of the latest round of austerity measures meted out by the countrys government as it attempts to control its deficit during a recession, the Royal Palace said Tuesday.
Spanish officials announced a retreat from austerity measures in an effort to pull the economy out of recession but said that any improvements would be slow to arrive.
As Spain tries desperately to meet its budget targets, it has been forced to embark on the same path as Greece introducing one austerity measure after another, cutting jobs, salaries, pensions and benefits, even as the economy continues to shrink.
Rising suicide rates show the monumental human cost of Tory austerity and why we urgently need to get them out of power, argues Mona Kamal
Thousands take to the streets in the Spanish capital Madrid to demand an end to austerity measures. Rough cut (no reporter narration).}
After days of talks, Greek political leaders reached a deal Thursday to support a package of harsh austerity measures demanded by Greeces financial backers in return for a bailout.
Thousands of Greeks take to the streets to protest against fresh austerity cuts, as a national strike brings the country to a standstill.
In this winter of austerity and Depression-era unemployment, a fog of woodsmoke hangs over the Greek capital on cold nights. It's coming from the tens
Shahbaz Sharif has said that Punjab government would take radical steps to reduce expenditure and promote austerity. He further said that this nation could not afford luxuries.
Ive thought on the topic of virtues from time to time, and Ive wondered about their acquisition. I have read biographical information about numerous persons who under certain situations exhibitted uncommon virtue, and Ive wondered how these persons had aquired such. It is not anything that happened over night. I think these virtues are acquired over a life time through the countless little choices a person makes. Some of these choices may even seem inconsequential at the time they were made. They are but little fibers. However, little fibers weave together to form threads. Threads come together to form string. Strings come together to form rope. Ropes come together to form cables. The cables form the virtues. I think if we wish to form virtues, we should look at all of our small actions and decsions throughout the day and do this every day. The forming of our virtues lies in these small things day in day out ...
Koo does a very good job there but who - other than someone like Rogoff - wouldnt understand such simple explanations of such simple ideas? (Rogoff isnt swallowing it but surely thats not because hes struggling to understand it but because hes rejecting it?) Labours had several years to explain this stuff to Joe Public and make austerity look as foolish to Joe as that infamous Reinhardt and Rogoff paper looks to someone like me (who knows little about economics but enough about causal attribution and the ecological fallacy to have been shocked by it, and its use as a justification for austerity, irrespective of its other flaws). The "mediamacro" excuse seems feeble to me - although I do agree that the closer we get to the election, the stronger it becomes - and I worry not only that Labour risks losing to the Conservatives for the ironic reason I half-joked about below but about what will happen next time we are faced with a recession of the kind that austerity would exacerbate.. Delete ...
Vaccines and antibiotics take years and billions to develop and have very real limits on what you can charge, because there isnt a person alive who cant imagine losing a child because they couldnt afford $5,000 for treatment. In the 1930s through the 1970s, before the financialization of the American economy that enshrined quarterly stock reports as the only meaningful measure of worth, drug companies were run by people who knew people who had died or been severely disabled by infectious diseases, and that personal experience influenced their behavior. They were motivated by fear and sorrow to fight scourges that afflicted everyone - in other words, the common good as well as the profit margin entered their calculations. Those people are long gone, replaced by people whove grown up in a world where infectious disease was largely a non issue and in an ethical atmosphere that has elevated making money to a moral virtue; the results are both deplorable and predictable, but your beliefs are ...
Vaccines and antibiotics take years and billions to develop and have very real limits on what you can charge, because there isnt a person alive who cant imagine losing a child because they couldnt afford $5,000 for treatment. In the 1930s through the 1970s, before the financialization of the American economy that enshrined quarterly stock reports as the only meaningful measure of worth, drug companies were run by people who knew people who had died or been severely disabled by infectious diseases, and that personal experience influenced their behavior. They were motivated by fear and sorrow to fight scourges that afflicted everyone - in other words, the common good as well as the profit margin entered their calculations. Those people are long gone, replaced by people whove grown up in a world where infectious disease was largely a non issue and in an ethical atmosphere that has elevated making money to a moral virtue; the results are both deplorable and predictable, but your beliefs are ...
16. The Council of Constance. 1414-1418. At Alexanders death, seventeen cardinals met in Bologna and elected Balthazar Cossa, who took the name of John XXIII. He was of noble Neapolitan lineage, began his career as a soldier and perhaps as a corsair,284284 Nieheim, in Life of John, in Van der Hardt, II. 339. was graduated in both laws at Bologna and was made cardinal by Boniface IX. He joined in the call of the council of Pisa. A man of ability, he was destitute of every moral virtue, and capable of every vice. Leaning for support upon Louis of Anjou, John gained entrance to Rome. In the battle of Rocca Secca, May 14, 1411, Louis defeated the troops of Ladislaus. The captured battle-flags were sent to Rome, hung up in St. Peters, then torn down in the sight of the people, and dragged in the dust in the triumphant procession through the streets of the city, in which John participated. Ladislaus speedily recovered from his defeat, and John, with his usual faithlessness, made terms with ...
SIR,--I have from your writings conceived such an opinion of your benevolence to mankind, that I trust you will not suffer any art to be vilified which helps to polish and adorn us. I do not know any sort of wit that hath been used so reproachfully as the Pun: and I persuade myself that I shall merit your esteem, by recommending it to your protection; since there can be no greater glory to a generous soul, than to succour the distrest. I shall, therefore, without farther preface, offer to your consideration the following. Modest Apology for Punning; wherein I shall make use of no double meanings or equivocations: since I think it unnecessary to give it any other praises than truth and com. mon sense, its professed enemies are forced to grant. "In order to make this a useful work, I shall state the nature and extent of the pun, I shall discover the advantages that flow from it, the moral virtues that it produces, and the tendency that it hath to promote vigour of body and ease of mind. "The pun ...
The economics of drug development back up the moral virtue of Gileads pricing. High priced innovative drugs, patent-protected for a limited time, eventually become cheap generics when the patent expires, spreading their accessibility to all people. Even before patent expiration, new drugs tend to become cheaper as developers look to expand their markets or competition enters the market (as has already started happening regarding Sovaldi). In a free market, where producers can price their cutting-edge innovations for maximum profit, the consumers who can afford the high price get early access. These early consumers, by paying the high initial cutting edge prices rather than wait for lower prices, end up covering the enormous cost of development and regulatory approval, feed the profits that fund and incentivize the development of still newer drugs, and ultimately make it possible for less wealthy and poorer consumers to get access to treatments and cures that would otherwise have never become ...
When we talk about the stupidity that is school-affiliated zero-tolerance policies, the stories usually revolve around an administrations inability to marry common sense with their reactions to non-issues. This can produce somewhat varied results, from really dumb stories about children being children and ending up in serious trouble, to a far more angering practice of victim-blaming. What it all boils down to, though, is an overreaction to certain tragic situations that results in bureaucratic lunacy on a level I never would have thought possible. School shootings and violence are the impetus in these cases, but we see this elsewhere as well. 9/11 resulted in the s#!*-show we know as airport security and NSA surveillance. The Boston Marathon bombing has resulted in the kind of militarized protection and media-blitzkrieg that would likely have other world nations that deal with far more terrorism shaking their heads. And, in each of these cases, we learn a simple truth that we should have seen ...
A day after arresting 10 students of the Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (IT-BHU) for ragging five freshers, the police released them on personal surety bonds, reports Anuraag Singh.
But back the Melamine, my question would be how trace is trace? . There are trace amounts of many, many bad things in what we all consume, but the question arises of what proportion of actual danger is present. Its an uncomfortable question to consider when you and yours are doing the actual consuming. But if I were you, I wouldnt be too all-fired concerned at this point. The FDAs cutoff of 250 ppb melamine is 0.000025% which is pretty damn small and they also say that the only sample (out of 87) testing positive was below that. I would call the story overblown at this point ...
A long time ago I realized I was never going to get rich as a writer. Then again, if youre writing to make a lot of money or become famous, youre doing it for the wrong reasons. Most writers never make any serious money at it. If I can make enough to buy a tank…
Donald Trump uses song lyrics to compare immigrants to killer snakes in the stunning opening sequence of the FRONTLINE documentary
I am disliking the direction ybat Magicshine are taking with their lights as of late. I have an MJ-858 and an MJ-872, both are solid as a rock and.... ...
Najkvalitnejší srvátkový Izolát v kombinácii s BCAA a skvelou pred-tréningovkou vám zabezpečia bezhraničný výkon a regeneráciu po ňom.
Starring Liona Ricci, directed by David Perry. Also starring Electra Angel, Stefany, Sylvi, Nikky Blond, Mya Diamond, Leslie Taylor, Ginger Devil, Vanessa, Judy White, Nick Lang, Alain Deloin, David Perry
Sen. Byron Dorgan (D-N.D.) this week offered legislation identical to the V-chip bill sponsored in the House by Rep. Ed Markey (D-Mass.).
Five years after Vexovoid, Portal has rematerialized into this planar realm to conjure its fifth amalgamation of sonic horror. Its called ION, and although the majority of its song titles and verses are presented in the archaic tongue of English, as opposed to the inscrutable language that dominated text in the metal entitys prior records, longtime Portal adherents will be pleased to know that the bands music is still among the most harrowingly forbidding in the industry.. Still, ION is a noticeably more accessible listen than the so-called Australian - the band clearly resides in some bleak, alien dimension far from that sunny island, but well stick with that location for marketing purposes - quintets prior releases. This isnt necessarily a good thing. Theres no doubt that ION is a quality record, but it stumbles where Portal usually excels and lacks the inhumanely grueling overtones that elevated the band to legendary status in underground metal circles.. ION most obviously differs ...
That ought to work, but, if the second level includes more than one calculation, there is no way to have a CTE reference a record other than the one prior to it. For example, if calculation 1 has a set that uses the results of calculation 2 and calculation 3, even if processed 3 then 2 then 1, calculation 1 can get to the results of calculation 2 because it is the prior record. But calculation 3 is out of bounds. The branches are not handled well ...