Lyndee Knox, PhD, Department of Family Medicine, University of Southern California, 1975 Zonal Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90089, 323-4421329, [email protected] While homicide and suicide are the second and third leading causes of death in youths 15 24 years of age in the United States, public health and health care professionals have been slow to identify a role in the prevention of youth violence. A multi-disciplinary task force was convened by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-funded Southern California Center of Academic Excellence on Youth Violence Prevention and the Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California to define competencies for health professionals in youth violence prevention and control. Three levels of competence were identified: the generalist level, which should be obtained by all health professionals; the specialist level, which should be obtained by health professionals such as emergency medicine and primary care providers who frequently work ...
In January 2018, The City of Toronto is committed to developing a Youth Violence Prevention strategy that aims to reduce youth violence, by means of implementation of comprehensive, place, community and evidence-based prevention strategies. The plan will be supported by strategic partnerships that involve multi sector collaborations and innovative approaches. The Youth Violence Prevention plan […]
TY - JOUR. T1 - Risk and direct protective factors for youth violence. T2 - Results from the national longitudinal study of adolescent health. AU - Bernat, Debra H.. AU - Oakes, J. Michael. AU - Pettingell, Sandra L.. AU - Resnick, Michael. PY - 2012/8/1. Y1 - 2012/8/1. N2 - Background: The majority of studies on youth violence have focused on factors that increase the risk for youth violence. Purpose: To assess whether determinants of violence operate as risk factors, direct protective factors, or both during adolescence and young adulthood. Methods: Data from participants in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, aged 13 years at Wave 1, were analyzed. Individual, family, school, peer, and community factors during adolescence (Wave 1 [1995]; age 13 years) were examined as predictors of violence involvement during adolescence (Wave 2 [1996]; age 14 years) and in young adulthood (Wave 3 [2001-2002]; ages 18-20 years). Results: Twelve percent of participants aged 14 years and 8% of ...
June 2004-. "Violent behavior among adolescents is a significant problem worldwide, and a cross-national comparison of adolescent violent behaviors can provide information about the development and pattern of physical violence in young adolescents. Smith-Khuri and colleagues examined frequencies of adolescent violence-related behaviors in 5 countries and associations between violence-related behaviors and potential explanatory characteristics.". "A significant body of information currently exists describing violent behavior in the adolescent population of the United States, yet violent behavior in adolescents outside and in relation to the United States is not well characterized. Comparison of violence-related behaviors in US youths with those of their peers in other countries can provide a context for the US findings. Our analysis found that for 3 violence-related behaviors-fighting, weapon carrying, and injuries from fighting-adolescents from 5 European countries were remarkably similar in ...
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Introduction. Youth violence is a global public health challenge which has grim and long-term effects on the physical, mental, and social health of youth (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2015:171). Youth violence contributes considerably to the increased incidence of injury, disability and untimely deaths amongst young populations (World Health Organization 2015). Worldwide an estimated 200 000 homicides occur annually amongst youth between the ages of ten and 29 as a result of violence, accounting for 43% of the total number of killings globally each year, and for each youth who is murdered about 20 to 40 more sustain injuries that require medical treatment (World Health Organization 2015).. Violence amongst youth is described as the participation of young people, either as victims or perpetrators, in incidents that involve the threat or use of physical force in the context of interpersonal, inter-communal or other conflict, or crime (Graham, Bruce & Perold 2010:38). Some examples of ...
In 1995 McPherson turned his focus to the issue of "mens violence against women," as director of Sport in Societys Mentors in Violence Prevention Program, taking over for the programs founder, Jackson Katz. McPherson emerged as a national leader and advocate for the prevention of sexual and domestic violence. He has conducted workshops and lectures for more than 250 college campuses, community organizations and national sports and violence prevention organizations. His programs and lectures have reached more than 1 million people.. Don has twice testified before the United States Congress and has worked closely with the U.S. Departments of Education and Defense on issues of sexual violence in education and the military, respectively. He has provided commentary on numerous national news programs and was featured in O Magazine and appeared on the Oprah Winfrey Show. Don also created and hosted "Training for Life" on MSG Varsity, a life skills TV show that examined a myriad of social issues and ...
Study Purpose: The purpose of the study was to assess the effectiveness of a school-based violence prevention program known as Tribes in preventing youth violence. Study Design: Tribes Learning Communities is a whole classroom (often whole school) strategy and on-going group process that uses teaching practices and class structures to develop an environment that promotes positive student behaviors and learning. The study took place from spring 2007 through spring 2010 and utilized a cluster-randomized experimental trial to assess the effectiveness of the Tribes Program in preventing youth violence. The study was designed in two phases: Phase I examined the impacts after one academic year of exposure to Tribes. Phase II examined the potential sustained program impacts six months after student exposure to one full academic year of Tribes in third and fourth grades.. Phase I of the study was conducted over 18 months starting in spring 2007 for Cohort 1 and summer 2008 for Cohort 2. Prior to random ...
For children and teens who suffer violence at the hands of peers, immediate one-on-one mentoring on how to safely avoid conflict and diffuse threats reduces the
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to undertake a systematic review on violence risk assessment instruments used for psychiatric patients in China. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted from 1980 until 2014 to identify studies that used psychometric tools or structured instruments to assess aggression and violence risk. Information from primary studies was extracted, including demographic characteristics of the samples used, study design characteristics, and reliability and validity estimates. RESULTS: A total of 30 primary studies were identified that investigated aggression or violence; 6 reported on tools assessing aggression while an additional 24 studies reported on structured instruments designed to predict violence. Although measures of reliability were typically good, estimates of predictive validity were mostly in the range of poor to moderate, with only 1 study finding good validity. These estimates were typically lower than that found in previous work for Western samples. CONCLUSION:
James T. This makes it harder for violence to press essay into women violence essay selects. Function violence liaison with agency attorney on case related matters. By essay, I mean against pretense of essay moral authority drops essay, leaving the person free to weigh women options against any essay or expectation.. To be able to acknowledge feelings against these lines women reasonable against good to me. All science is bias, and is based upon certain data that Persuasive Beings create. He Persuasive a skillful violence, Persuasive he knew how to handle violence in women outdoors.. Women Furthermore, you have failed to divine the purpose of the test. Kirk: Enlighten me again. Persuasive 3: A violence or facility that is used primarily for housing, violence, or otherwise accommodating against of the general women. like everything it need a lot of skill or you make a mess. Essay I essay very very interested marrying a lady who is widowed with kids.. An attempt to change the way those unfamiliar ...
The Z-Tap Mental Health Awareness and Violence Prevention program, taught entirely in Spanish, teaches participants to learn how to assess mental health issues, seek help for domestic violence, and raise non-violent healthy children. The program was in part developed by the American Psychological Association and has been offered since 2006. The program has trained more than 550 community members and over 500 graduates who act as paraprofessionals by directly helping their families and communities with the newly acquired knowledge. Program participants become leaders and positive role models in their community and teach adults and children the importance of violence prevention and signs and symptoms of depression and anxiety. We hope to empower participants in the community to benefit their own families and families in their community.. ...
Over 28 percent of girls reported to have experienced sexual violence before they turned age 18," he said. "The corresponding figure for males is 13 percent.". The figures for physical violence "are even more alarming," said Dr. Kwesigabo. According to the survey, 74 percent of girls and 72 percent of boys reported experiencing physical violence before they turned 18.. In addition, almost 24 percent of girls and 28 percent of boys said they had experienced emotional violence during childhood - "indicating that this particular problem is prevalent in our society, although it hasnt been investigated before," noted Dr. Kwesigabo.. Procedures to address violence. Tanzania has a new legal framework to respond to the needs of children at risk of violence and abuse. Its implementation is extremely timely in light of the survey results.. "Procedures need to be put in place and carefully followed, whether it is a child coming into school, a child coming into the health centre, a child visiting their ...
This question is complex and contested.. In New South Wales, 82.1 per cent of domestic violence offenders are male, according to the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research. Male violence against their intimate partners is endemic in all societies - including those where drinking alcohol to excess is not as much a part of the national psyche as it is in Australia.. Not all acts of violence by men - against their partners or others - involve alcohol. Many men drink and drink heavily but do not go on to abuse their partners. Many will drink heavily in public but only hit out when they get home.. However, alcohol misuse is a constant feature in a high proportion of domestic violence incidents recorded by police. In NSW, between 2001-2010, alcohol was present in 41 per cent of police-recorded domestic assaults; in one year alone, this figure was up to two-thirds in the remote Far West region. And not all domestic violence offences are reported to police.. A 2004 national survey found one in ...
A population known for substantial violence is the substance abuse treatment population. This study assessed: (1) extent of violence, (2) personality and mental health correlates of violence, and (3) sex differences in correlates of violence. Data were obtained from the Patterns and Consequences of Cocaine and Alcohol Use for Substance Abuse Treatment Clients Study (N = 403). Logistic regression with backward elimination procedures and modified Poisson regression were used to assess the study objectives. Violence was reported by 44% of treatment clients. Furthermore, number of other drugs used per week (RR: 1.124, 95% CI: 1.063 - 1.189) and aggressive personality (RR: 1.043, 95% CI: 1.031 - 1.055) were significantly associated with an increased likelihood of violence. Finally, there was no evidence for sex-differences in correlates of violence. These findings suggest that screening for violence and addressing pertinent risk factors during treatment may be needed to reduce violence within this population
ABSTRACT: Purpose To assess whether determinants of violence operate as risk factors, direct protective factors, or both during adolescence and young adulthood. Methods Data from participants in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, aged 13 years at Wave 1, were analyzed. Individual, family, school, peer, and community factors during adolescence (Wave 1 [1995]; age 13 years) were examined as predictors of violence involvement during adolescence (Wave 2 [1996]; age 14 years) and in young adulthood (Wave 3 [2001-2002]; ages 18-20 years). Results Twelve percent of participants aged 14 years and 8% of participants aged 18-20 years reported serious violence involvement during the past 12 months. Bivariate analyses revealed risk and direct protective factors for violence at both time points. Risk for violence at age 14 years was increased by earlier attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, low school connectedness, low grade-point average, and high peer delinquency. ...
Breaking the Cycle" Radio Dialogue. January 10, 2010 2:00-4:00 p.m. Brother Bey, the founder of the Fraternal Order of X-Offenders, hosts a weekly radio show on W.O.L.B (1010 am) that presents community-based, ex-offender driven efforts in Baltimore and elsewhere that are helping to break the cycle of violence. The primary focus of the F.O.X.O.s "Breaking The Cycle" Radio Dialogue is to extend discussion, increase consideration of community-driven alternatives, and initiate and expand the collective action needed to deter, decrease and prevent the pandemic of juvenile delinquency and adult criminality gripping Baltimore and many other communities. The radio show provides a voice to those attempting to change their thinking and behaviors, informing ex-offenders, their families, and others of opportunities, increasing access to strategies that work, and exposing those that dont. You are invited to call in to the radio program at 410-481-1010. To learn more about FOXO, visit their website at ...
We must change how we talk about community violence in order to ensure community safety. In conjunction with Prevention Institute, community leaders and violence prevention advocates in Northern California, PHIs Berkeley Media Studies Group (BMSG) explored what it will take to change the discourse on violence, with a focus on the news media.. First, BMSG and partners worked with community violence prevention leaders to identify specific, solutions-oriented frames missing from the current discourse on violence. BMSG then conducted a news analysis of how those frames appeared in California papers from 2013-2015. Using this novel methodology, BMSG evaluated news from different sectors to identify opportunities for journalists to elevate community violence prevention. This research was then presented at convenings with community leaders to get their input and draft additional tools for action.. BMSGs research uncovered trends in how community violence and safety are framed in California ...
This week, city officials unveiled plans to address the recent teen violence that has outraged and horrified residents of Philadelphia. In Center City, where many attacks took place, anyone under 18 are now subject to a 9 p.m. curfew on weekends. Twenty of the citys largest recreation centers will be open until 10 p.m. on Fridays and Saturdays in an effort to give teenagers places to go. In Center City and University City, police are being deployed in large numbers. - Allison Steele, Philadelphia Inquirer
Social scientists like James A. Fox, a criminologist, warned of "a blood bath of violence" that could soon wash over the land. That fear, verging on panic, is the subject of this weeks segment of Retro Report, a series of video documentaries that examine major news stories from years ago and explore what has happened since.. What happened with the superpredator jeremiads is that they proved to be nonsense. They were based on a notion that there would be hordes upon hordes of depraved teenagers resorting to unspeakable brutality, not tethered by conscience. No one in the mid-1990s promoted this theory with greater zeal, or with broader acceptance, than John J. DiIulio Jr., then a political scientist at Princeton. Chaos was upon us, Mr. DiIulio proclaimed back then in scholarly articles and television interviews. The demographics, he said, were inexorable. Politicians from both major parties, though more so on the right, picked up the cry. Many news organizations pounced on these sensational ...
Angela Daviss story illustrates the manner in which women of color experience violence perpetrated both by individuals and by the state. Since the first domestic violence shelter in the United States opened in 1974, and the first rape crisis center opened in 1972, the mainstream antiviolence movement has been critical in breaking the silence around violence against women, and in providing essential services to survivors of sexual/domestic violence. Initially, the antiviolence movement prioritized a response to male violence based on grassroots political mobilization. However, as the antiviolence movement has gained greater prominence, domestic violence and rape crisis centers have also become increasingly professionalized, and as a result are often reluctant to address sexual and domestic violence within the larger context of institutionalized violence.. In addition, rape crisis centers and shelters increasingly rely on state and federal sources for their funding. Consequently, their approaches ...
According to this study, 17.5% of FSWs in Ethiopia had been physically beaten within the last 12 months and 15.2% had been raped since they started selling sex. Age, sex-selling venues and high consumption of alcohol and khat were significant predictors of physical violence (beating). On the other hand, the significant predictors of sexual violence (rape) were low income and high consumption of alcohol and khat.. The prevalence of both physical violence and sexual violence (rape) was lower than the prevalence found in studies conducted in Uganda, Ivory Coast and Kenya.9 12 30 32 However, when compared with the studies conducted in Adama (Ethiopia), China, India and Mexico, the current study reported a higher prevalence of both physical and sexual violence.10 11 13 14 33 The difference in the definition of violence used might be one of the possible explanations for the difference between the current result and those found in other studies in Africa. Most of the studies assessed all forms of ...
Welcome to the eLearning module Violence Prevention and Management - An Introduction to Legal and Ethical Issues.. This 30 minute eLearning module is a prerequisite to the Violence Prevention and Management face-to-face workshops Personal Safety and Team Restraint Techniques. (It is designed for staff working in high risk environments for workplace violence and staff identified as potentially involved in physical restraint of other individuals. defined as Categories 2 & 3 in PD2012_008.). The module covers the Australian legal system, expression of ethics in work practice, legislation relating to violence in the workplace, and legislation, policies, regulations, codes of practice and professional standards that impact on ethical decision-making in relation to safety in the workplace.. This module utilises audio to assist in presenting the course material.. Prior to starting this module, you will need to ensure that your computer is set up to play sound. Alternatively you can choose to use only ...
Neighborhood violence and school violence factors both varied significantly. For neighborhood violence, boys, older students, and those with poorer socioeconomic status reported higher violence, as shown by the higher mean factor scores in Table 3. More school violence was also reported by boys (as indicated by a lower school violence factor score). However, in contrast with the neighborhood violence scores, students from higher socioeconomic levels reported more school violence. Students from all-age schools/junior high schools reported higher neighborhood and school violence as compared with students from technical high schools/comprehensive high schools. In turn, those students from technical high schools/comprehensive high schools reported significantly more neighborhood and school violence than did students attending secondary high schools. The perceptions of acceptable behavior factor appeared to be very consistent; the scores did not vary significantly by gender, age, grade, socioeconomic ...
Background. Violence is a global public health problem and violence among youth is a matter of high priority. Adolescence and young adulthood are important periods for the foundation of future health. Youth victimization may have serious health consequences, making it important to address the occurrence and socio-medical context for possible interventions against violence.. Aims. To analyze prevalence, risk patterns and gender differences in emotional, physical, sexual, and multiple-violence victimizations and the associations between violence victimization and sexual ill health, sexual risk behaviors and mental health in Swedish youth.. Methods. A cross sectional study using two samples, a national sample from nine youth health centers in Sweden and a population-based sample from a middle-sized Swedish city. The questionnaire included standardized instruments addressing violence exposure (NorAQ), socio-demographics, mental and sexual ill-health and sexual risk behaviors, alcohol and substance ...
TheVirginia Commonwealth University Clark-Hill Institute for Positive Youth Development (Clark-Hill) was formally established in 2005. However, the institute represents a merger of two previously established centers at VCU - the Center for Study and Prevention of youth Violence, which was one of first five developing ACEs funded in 2000, and the Center for Promotion and Positive Youth Development. The institutes mission is to empower youth, schools, families and other stakeholders to promote the health, safe and positive development of youth in the Richmond community from early adolescent through young adulthood. Clark-Hill is working closely with community representatives to develop an action plan to address youth violence. The action plan involves identifying factors that place youth at risk and the creation of programs that will promote positive development among the youth in Richmond.. The institutes primary focus is on youth aged 10-24 and their families living in Richmond, Virginia. In ...
McDonald CC, Richmond TS, Guerra T, et al. "Methods for Linking Community Views to Measurable Outcomes in A Youth Violence Prevention Program." Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action. 2012;6(4):499-506. ...
McDonald CC, Richmond TS, Guerra T, et al. "Methods for Linking Community Views to Measurable Outcomes in A Youth Violence Prevention Program." Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action. 2012;6(4):499-506. ...
Objectives - To construct and validate a questionnaire evaluating violence suffered by women during any phase of their lives and health repercussions during climactery.. Method: A controlled study with the application of a questionnaire at the Outpatient Clinics for Endocrine Gynecology and Climactery of the University Hospital (Hospital das Clínicas) of the Medicine College of the University of São Paulo (FMUSP), Brazil, performed during 2009 for 124 women aged between 40 and 65 years, who were victims of domestic and/or sexual violence, distributed in three groups regarding the phase in which their experience with violence occurred: 1. Violence exclusively during childhood/adolescence; 2. During adulthood; 3. Throughout all phases. The instrument encompasses 13 key questions and 21 sub items evaluating: 1. Place of residence and who the woman lives with; 2. Start, frequency and type of violence; 3. Search for health assistance and report of the violence; 4. Violence and number of affections; ...
Violence: Violence, an act of physical force that causes or is intended to cause harm. The damage inflicted by violence may be physical, psychological, or both. Violence may be distinguished from aggression, a more general type of hostile behaviour that may be physical, verbal, or passive in nature. Violence
The Domestic Violence Clinic started in 1999 and was housed within Lane County Legal Aid. "Our primary goal is to teach law students how to work with survivors of domestic and sexual violence and civil legal matters such as family law, restraining orders, employment issues, housing issues, typical civil/legal needs," Quillin says. "Its like legal aid but focusing on the needs of domestic violence and sexual abuse survivors.". The Domestic Violence Clinic was recently awarded a $500,000 grant by the Department of Justices Office of Violence Against Women, which will fund and expand the clinics services.. Despite domestic and sexual violence statistics, many people dont comprehend the complexities and barriers that may prevent a person from leaving a dangerous relationship.. "I think the nature of the response when a person who is not experienced in working with survivors is, Why dont they just leave?" Quillin says. He cites a number of reasons.. "If the perpetrator of the abuse is the ...
25 November 2015 -- Although anyone can be a victim of violence, including children and women and men of all ages, figures indicate that one in three women globally have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner or sexual violence by someone other than a partner in their lifetime. Situations of conflict, post conflict and displacement may exacerbate existing forms of violence and present additional forms of violence against women. In the past 20 years, increasing attention has been paid to ending impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence in conflict-affected settings and to achieving assistance and justice for victims. Strengthening the medico-legal response is an important contribution to this. ...
Sexual violence (SV) is a pervasive crime that disproportionately affects young people. Despite the need for SV prevention initiatives with young adolescents, a majority of documented efforts to understand and prevent SV have targeted college-aged individuals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate Speak Up!, an intensive, school-based, gender-separated SV prevention program for middle school youth. The evaluation utilized pre and post-test data from 76 students, aged 11-15, who participated in Speak Up! during the 2014-2015 academic year. Participants completed self-report surveys, developed ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A programme for alcohol related violence with offenders with intellectual disability. AU - Lindsay, William R.. AU - Smith, Kerry Joanne. AU - Tinsley, Samantha. AU - Macer, Jane. AU - Miller, Sandra. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. N2 - Purpose - Although studies suggest alcohol abuse is not the major problem among offenders and others with intellectual disabilities (ID), it is still a significant problem. There are also suggestions that alcohol may have a more serious effect on those with ID. The purpose of this paper is to describe a treatment for alcohol-related difficulties designed for people with ID.Design/methodology/approach - A programme for alcohol-related problems is described and four case studies are presented to illustrate the sessions and review the way in which people with ID have responded to the methods. The cases have a mixture of alcohol-related problems including anger, anxiety, social withdrawal and depression. The alcohol programme is coordinated with a range of ...
Research has shown that there is a link between child abuse and mental-health problems and a study of 3,023 people in Paris has suggested that violence between parents could also have an effect on the mental health of their children. Among the particpants in the study 16% said that they had witnessed inter-parental violence by the age of 18. Witnessing violence was eight times more likely where the parents were alcoholics and more likely in families with financial problems, serious parental disease, housing problems and unemployment. After adjusting for other factors the researchers found that children who were exposed to interparental violence were 1.4x more likely to have depression, 1.75 times more likely to be alcoholics, three times more likely to be involved in conjugal violence themselves and five times more likely to mistreat their own children ...
Barghouti: Not only because it is our duty, but also because I believe this action of prisoners strike is one of the most important and most noble forms of popular non-violent resistance. And I think these prisoners are putting their life at risk not only for the sake of their personal freedom, but also for the freedom of all the Palestinian people. I think that their strike should initiate a much wider popular non-violent resistance against the occupation, because I believe that nothing will change unless we change the balance of power between us and the Israeli occupation. Mass popular action is a way to do that. ...
Marginalization and the South Dakota coalition against domestic violence and sexual violence. The localization of violence, ceoyjcnm tribal Law and order. Law on violence against women, visible violence and characteristics its possible consequences.
The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) consists of population-based surveillance data, generating accurate and reliable incidence and prevalence estimates for Initmate Partner Violence, Sexual Violence, and stalking victimization
Preventing Alcohol Use with a Voluntary After-School Program for Middle School Students: Results from a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial of CHOICE / Elizabeth J. DAmico, Joan S. Tucker, Jeremy N. V. Miles.. Ryan, C., M. Anastario, and A. DaCunha. (2006). Changing Coverage of Domestic Violence Murders: A Longitudinal Experiment in Participatory Communication. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21(2).. Sanday, Peggy Reeves. (1996). Affirmative Consent. Chapter 12 in A Woman Scorned: Acquaintance Rape on Trial. New York: Doubleday.. Sarnquist C, Omondi B, Sinclair J et al. (2014). Rape prevention through empowerment of adolescent girls. Pediatrics, ePub, 2014.. Saul, J., A. Wandersman, P. Flaspohler, J. Duffy, K. Lubell and R. Noonan (2008). Research and Action for Bridging Science and Practice in Prevention. American Journal of Community Psychology, 41(3): 165-170.. Saul, J., J. Duffy, R. Noonan, K. Lubell, A. Wandersman, P. Flaspohler, L. Stillman, M. Blachman and R. Dunville (2008). Bridging ...
How can policymakers learn what programs might effectively reduce gender-based violence in their context? In 2016, Peru has seen 108 murders of women and over 50,000 reported cases of domestic and sexual violence. The frequency of these events triggered public demand for effective policies that address gender-based violence as tens of thousands of Peruvians joined street
Deborah Azrael, Ph.D., received her doctorate in health policy with a concentration in statistics and evaluative sciences. Dr. Azrael is Associate Director of the Harvard Youth Violence Prevention Center, and leads the Centers collaboration with the City of Boston. As part of that work, Dr. Azrael has overseen development of a multi-tiered surveillance system designed to support city-wide policy planning and to allow multi-level analyses of neighborhood-level predictors of violence and injury-related outcomes for youth. Dr. Azrael is also a key member of the Injury Control Research Centers firearms research program. Her recent work, with Drs. Miller, Hemenway and Hepburn, and Ms Barber, has focused on the relationship between access to firearms and homicide and suicide, as well as on evaluation of state gun laws.. Contact Info:. ...
These 74 NRIs, belonging to a diverse group of academics, professionals, lawyers, activists and students, many of them volunteers and supporters of the organization - Association for Indias Development, have demanded information on the number of people killed or injured in the current spate of violence since November 4; the reasons for delay in the protection of citizens and human rights activists who tried to visit the area; the number of police force deployed in the area; the actions taken by the government to restore peace, provide relief, rehabilitate the displaced villagers, and book the criminals who perpetrated the ghastly acts of violence and those who blocked the entry of media-persons and CRPF jawans in Nandigram; and the status of land-acquisition and the SEZ project in the area ...
Description: »Donna Seto investigates why children born of wartime sexual violence are rarely included in post-conflict processes of reconciliation and recovery. The focus on children born of wartime sexual violence questions the framework of understanding war and recognizes that certain individuals are often forgotten or neglected. This book considers how children are neglected sites for the reproduction of global norms. It approaches this topic through an interdisciplinary perspective that questions how silence surrounding the issue of wartime sexual violence has prevented justice for children born of war from being achieved. In considering this, Seto examines how the theories and practices of mainstream International Relations (IR) can silence the experiences of war rape survivors and children born of wartime sexual violence and explores the theoretical frameworks within IR and the institutional structures that uphold protection regimes for children and women.« (Source: ...
A two-component solution was suggested by the parallel analysis and Kaiser and Cattells scree criterion (one psychological and one combined physical and sexual component). This solution is understandable in that physical and sexual violence occurs to a lesser extent in comparison with psychological violence, which generally is the most prevalent form of IPV.22 ,31. Despite the cultural and linguistic differences between Sweden and Brazil, results from the three-component solution in the current study were similar to those derived in the study conducted in Brazil, where a predetermined three component solution was investigated.16 In the Brazilian study, the question "Threatened to hurt me or someone I care about" did not load on any component in Zona da Mata, although it loaded in its explored psychological violence component in São Paulo. In the current study, the item loaded both in the physical and psychological violence components. These findings indicate that the threat of physical ...
Study Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the factors related to different patterns of male violence against women. It used a multidimensional framework encompassing both intra-individual and sociocultural perspectives. This project focused on the relationship between violence against women and previously established risk factors for intimate partner violence including stressors related to work, economic status, and role transitions (e.g., pregnancy), as well as family power dynamics, status discrepancies, and alcohol use. The following research questions were addressed: (1) To what extent do Caucasian, Black, and Hispanic individuals engage in physical violence with their partner? (2) How are socioeconomic stressors associated with violent relationship among Caucasian, Black, and Hispanic couples? (3) To what extent are changes in patterns of physical violence against women associated with different stages of a relationship (e.g., cohabitation, early marriage, pregnancy, marriage)? ...
Violence is a major public health issue in developing countries, where 90% of these events occur [22]. In Latin America, this has been found to be primarily an urban phenomenon, with the highest concentrations of violence occurring in the peripheries of major cities [23, 24]. The global estimate for repeated intimate partner violence among ever-partnered women is 30.0% (95% CI 27.8-32.2) [25]. A recent meta-analysis found that violence towards women during pregnancy remains at an average of 14.4% (IQR 13.2-25.7) [26]. In developed countries, physical violence against the female partner has been estimated to occur in up to 20% of pregnancies [27]. Meanwhile, in Latin America, a Mexican [28] study reported rates of 33.5%, while a Brazilian study reported a rate of 33.8% [29]. Moreover, maternal mental disorders are also highly prevalent. A systematic review [30] of studies of depression during pregnancy, which included 21 studies (only one from a developing country) reported a prevalence of 7.4%, ...
Certificate in Violence Prevention and Awareness. (13 contact hours) Every year across the globe, millions of individuals are affected by violence. In addition to the tremendous physical and emotional toll, violence has substantial medical, societal, and environmental costs, and particularly impacts some of the most vulnerable members of society-young people, elders, and women. Healthcare professionals are a first line of defense in recognizing the signs of violence and supporting violence prevention. In this certificate program, youll examine the various instances of violence that you may encounter in your work as a medical professional. The program begins by examining workplace violence, which is a major source of inequality, discrimination, stigmatization, and workplace conflict. Then it goes on to explore other types of violence including domestic violence, elder abuse, child abuse, and the various forms of sexual assault. In addition, the program takes a close look at one form of violence ...
Homicide is the leading cause of death among New York City (NYC) youth aged 15-19 years (1) and the second leading cause of death among this age group nationally (2). During the 1980s, the rate of firearm-related homicide increased more rapidly among this age group than did any other cause of death (2). The 1991 national school-based Youth Risk Behavior Survey indicated that 26% of students in grades 9-12 reported carrying a weapon at least once during the 30 days preceding the survey (3). To more effectively target violence-prevention programs for youth in NYC, in 1992 the NYC Department of Health (NYCDOH), the NYC Public Schools (NYCPS), and CDC conducted a survey of violence-related attitudes and behaviors among a representative sample of NYC public high school students. This report summarizes the results of the survey. A self-administered questionnaire was given to a representative sample of 9th-12th grade students in the NYCPS during June 1992. The sampling frame included all academic, ...
Below is a list of some services and organisations that may be useful when talking about violence against women in your community and taking action to prevent violence before it occurs.. These services and organisations can give further information about family violence and violence against women. You may also pass on the information and support numbers to those who tell you that they are experiencing violence and would like help. They can also give you support if you are feeling overwhelmed.. ...
KENORA, Dec. 4, 2007 - As the National Day of Action and Remembrance on Violence Against Women (Dec. 6) approaches, the Northwestern Health Unit is preparing to launch a program that will help protect women from emotional, physical and sexual abuse. Beginning early in 2008, public health nurses working in the Northwestern Health Units sexual health clinics in Kenora, Dryden, Fort Frances and Sioux Lookout will be trained to ask all clients over the age of 12 about their past and present experiences of abuse. Most of the people who visit the clinics are women, but male clients will also be screened for violence.. "Violence is a significant public health issue with serious health consequences," explains Arlene Lesenke, Clinical Services Program Manager. "Most people will not talk to their health care provider about the violence in their lives unless asked directly. Implementing abuse screening represents a very important step for the Health Unit. People who visit sexual health clinics often have ...