Background: Urinary stone disease is a mal-absorptive disorder that is a significant health problem because of its high prevalence and incidence. However, there are few population-based studies on the risk of urinary stone disease in patients with coeliac disease (CD).. Aim: To examine the risk of urinary stone disease in CD.. Methods: Population-based cohort study. Using small intestinal biopsy report data from 1969 to 2008 obtained from all Swedish pathology departments (n = 28), we identified 28 735 patients with CD (equal to Marsh 3: villous atrophy). Patients were then matched for gender, age, county and calendar year to 142 177 reference individuals from the Swedish general population. We used Cox regression to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for future urinary stone disease and conditional logistic regression to calculate odds ratios (ORs) for urinary stone disease before diagnosis of CD. Individuals with urinary stone disease were identified through the Swedish National Patient Register ...
It is less common to observe urinary calculi (or urolithiasis) in dogs than in cats. But when it happens, the clinical signs are the same. It is characterized by frequent and painful urination. Urine analysis often shows blood and crystals in the urine. Contrary to the cat, the appearance of urinary calculi is frequently related to a urinary infection. Bacteria involved are not always found through simple urine analysis. The surest way to find them is to perform a biopsy from the bladder and to realize a culture with this sample. The most common responsible bacteria are: staphylococcus, Escherichia coli or streptococcus. When the infection is confirmed, it is very likely that the urolithiasis is due to struvite calculi: because infection makes the urinary pH rise, and struvite crytals precipitate only in alcaline urine. Other type of urolithiasis rather appear in acid urine. >From 1984 to 1996, a european study applied itself to classify the different types of urolithiasis, according to their ...
STOICA L., Tomescu P., Dragoescu O., V lcea I., Enache M. Department of Urology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Craiova; County Emergency University Hospital, Craiova Abstract Objective. This presentation emphasizes the continuous development of surgical treatment applied for urological diseases by solving a complex case of urinary stone disease developed on a congenital abnormal urinary tract (bilateral ureterocele and right pelviureteral
PubMed journal article Moderately increased risk of urinary stone disease in patients with biopsy-verified coeliac diseas were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or iPad.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Association between obstructive sleep apnea and urinary calculi. T2 - A population-based case-control study. AU - Kang, Jiunn Horng. AU - Keller, Joseph J.. AU - Chen, Yi Kuang. AU - Lin, Herng Ching. PY - 2012/2. Y1 - 2012/2. N2 - Objective: To hypothesize an association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and urinary calculi (UC) and assess the presence of such an association using a national population-based dataset. Elevated systemic proinflammatory pathways found in OSA patients may be linked to increased cardiovascular risk. Similar pathways have been identified in patients with UC. Materials and Methods: We identified 53,791 patients who had received a new diagnosis of UC between 2003 and 2008 from a dataset based on Taiwans National Health Insurance program. We randomly selected 161,373 controls and then identified subjects with prior OSA in both groups. Odds ratios (ORs) for prior OSA in UC patients compared with controls were estimated in conditional logistic ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Association between Prostate Cancer and Urinary Calculi. T2 - A Population-Based Study. AU - Chung, Shiu Dong. AU - Liu, Shih Ping. AU - Lin, Herng Ching. PY - 2013/2/25. Y1 - 2013/2/25. N2 - Background: Understanding the reasons underlying the emerging trend and the changing demographics of Asian prostate cancer (PC) has become an important field of study. This study set out to explore the possibility that urinary calculi (UC) and PC may share an association by conducting a case-control study on a population-based database in Taiwan. Methods: The cases of this study included 2,900 subjects ≥ 40 years-old who had received their first-time diagnosis of PC and 14,500 randomly selected controls without PC. Conditional logistic regressions were employed to explore the association between PC and having been previously diagnosed with UC. Results: We found that prior UC was found among 608 (21.0%) cases and 2,037 (14.1%) controls (p. AB - Background: Understanding the reasons ...
ABSTRACT: to assess whether the volume of fluid intake influence the prevention of urinary stone formation. Methods: a systematic review from MEDLINE Electronic database was conducted. All of the controlled trial (RCT), case-control, and cohort studies written in English language were included in the study. Data analysis was performed to the design of the study, volume of fluid intake (higher volume as experimental group and lower volume as control group), and risk of stone formation. All of the included studies were appraised using the Oxford Center for Evidence-based Medicine appraisal tool for therapy (Randomized Controlled Trial) and level of evidence. Results: our systematic review included fve studies (1 RCT and case-control study in patients with history of urolithiasis, and 3 prospective cohorts in patients without history of urolithiasis). Three studies increased fluid intake to 2.5 Liters/day and one study to 2 Liters/day, while one other study used the urine production target of 2 ...
We reported a retrospective review of the urinary stone compositions in 12,846 patients. Data on urinary stone compositions analyzed between January 2003 and December 2012 in our center were collected. Infrared spectroscopy was used for stone analysis. Predominant stone component was recorded. Patients were divided into four age groups: 0-18, 19-40, 41-60, and 61-92, and five categories by components. In order to determine the change of stone characteristics with respect to time, data were also divided into two periods, 2003-2007 and 2008-2012. A total of 12,846 stones were included in this study. The age of the patients ranged from 1 to 92 years with 7,736 males and 5,110 females. Stone made of single component was rare, 2.61 %. Calcium oxalate stone was the most common component at 82.56 %. Calcium oxalate and uric acid stones were more common in male than in female. The incidence of calcium phosphate stones and uric acid stones had increased during the past 5 years, while calcium oxalate stones
During the last ten years, data of urinary calculi was received in 4094 cases on the criterion of recurrence, whereby the answer was yes in 1446 cases. The overall adjusted relative recurrence rate ARRR is therefore 35.3%. The importance of an exact physical analysis of urinary stones, involving a differentiation of the various Ca oxalates and...
The efficiency and radiation dose of a low-dose dual-energy (DE) CT protocol for the evaluation of urinary calculus disease were evaluated. A low-dose dual-source DE-CT renal calculi protocol (140 kV,
To assess the accuracy of targeted dual-energy single-source multi-detector CT (MDCT) for characterisation of urinary calculi. For proof of princi ple, 71 ex-vivo calculi underwent single-source 256-s
Given the high recurrence rate in stone disease, development of preventive strategies to minimize recurrence is almost as important as treatment of an individual stone. Patient metabolic abnormalities for stone risk can be found in up to 90% of stone formers. Any patient who has had at least one stone should have a few basic tests including serum labs to check for systemic causes of stones and a stone analysis to determine stone composition. Patients with recurrent stones or those at high risk for recurrence should perform a 24-hour urine test (Litholink) to tailor preventive strategies to their individual risks. Patients at high risk include: any child with stones (,18 years old), patients with only one (functional) kidney, patients with abnormal kidney anatomy, and patients with history of gastrointestinal diseases including Crohns Disease, ulcerative colitis, bowel resection, gastric bypass and other bariatric surgeries. These patients may also benefit from an additional evaluation in the ...
Currently, noncontrast CT is the reference imaging standard for the initial evaluation of a urinary tract stone. A dual-energy CT technique has also been developed to analyze the composition of stones, helping to facilitate targeted treatment for certain types of renal stones, Lee said.. "So radiologists normally detect a urinary stone based on the single-energy CT and classify the stone composition based on the dual-energy CT scans," he said.. The MGH researchers sought to determine if AI could both detect and classify urinary stones based on just the noncontrast, single-energy CT scans. They first gathered a dataset of 289 cases, including 161 patients without a urinary stone and 128 with a stone. Of the 128 patients with a urinary stone, 36 had a stone smaller than 4 mm, while 66 had a stone 4 mm to 10 mm in size. In addition, 26 patients had a stone larger than 10 mm.. Of the stones larger than 4 mm, 79 were classified as nonurate (72) or urate (7). All 120-kVp unenhanced CT images were ...
Currently, noncontrast CT is the reference imaging standard for the initial evaluation of a urinary tract stone. A dual-energy CT technique has also been developed to analyze the composition of stones, helping to facilitate targeted treatment for certain types of renal stones, Lee said.. "So radiologists normally detect a urinary stone based on the single-energy CT and classify the stone composition based on the dual-energy CT scans," he said.. The MGH researchers sought to determine if AI could both detect and classify urinary stones based on just the noncontrast, single-energy CT scans. They first gathered a dataset of 289 cases, including 161 patients without a urinary stone and 128 with a stone. Of the 128 patients with a urinary stone, 36 had a stone smaller than 4 mm, while 66 had a stone 4 mm to 10 mm in size. In addition, 26 patients had a stone larger than 10 mm.. Of the stones larger than 4 mm, 79 were classified as nonurate (72) or urate (7). All 120-kVp unenhanced CT images were ...
increased production of vitamin D leading to increased calcium excretion in the urine.. Water Intake. It is an accepted truism that increase water intake and increased urinary output decreases the incidence of urinary calculi in those predisposed to form stones. This has been verified by the incidence of stone formation and its relationship to fluid intake.. Diet. Dietary intake of various foods may result in greater urinary excretion of substances that have an effect on the incidence of urinary calculi. However, the underlying intrinsic tendency to form stones also has to be present. Increased oxalate, calcium or sodium in the urine of patients predisposed to stone formation, can lead to an increased incidence of stones. Increase ingestion of animal proteins can also lead to increased urinary concentrations of calcium, oxalate and uric acid.. Physical Activity. Urinary calculi are much more likely to be found in individuals who are sedentary. The risk of calcium oxalate and uric acid stone ...
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Urinary System NCLEX Review [youtube http://youtu.be/CpdRW6a5bNg w=400&h=300] Urinary System NCLEX Review (By: AllNursingNotes) Urinary Calculi/ Urilithiasis URINARY CALCULI is also called urilothiasis or KIDNEY STONES, and it can results from anything from immobility, cancer, increased intake of Vitamin D, or an over-activity of the Parathyroid gland. Kidney stones is made up of: calcium magnesium phosphorus oxalate. -…
May 23, 2014 - Two studies examining the influences and impacts of kidney stones show ultrasound reduces radiation exposure and is less expensive compared to computed tomography (CT) scans, while a second study indicates better glycemic control in diabetic patients lowers the risk for kidney stone development. Both studies were presented at the 109th annual scientific meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA) in Orlando, Fla.. For patients entering the emergency room with suspected kidney stones, imaging is frequently used to confirm their diagnosis. CT scans have increasingly been used to exclude other diagnoses and confirm urinary stone disease, but are frequently associated with duplicate imaging and increased radiation exposure. Researchers from 15 medical centers across the United States, including University of California, San Francisco, found using CT scans instead of ultrasounds increased radiation exposure and imaging costs but had no significant difference in patient ...
Abstract. The study was carried out in Kirkuk province, on patients attending Kirkuk hospitals, and private clinics from the 15th December 2004 until the 1st July 2005. Urine and blood samples were collected from 152 persons including 102 patients with urinary tract stones (61 males, 41 females), and 50 control healthy subjects (30 males, 20 females). General urine examination was done, and the results showed that 74 of the patients group were suffering from urinary tract infection, 25 of them were on antibiotics, and urine culture was done for the remaining patients. The results of urine culture showed that Escherichia coli infection (10.8%) was the commonest among patients with urinary tract stones, followed by proteus species (5.4%), Acinetobacter spp, Klebsiella spp (2.7%) for each and Pseudomonas spp, Staphylococci saprophyticus, Enterococci faecalis (1.35%) respectively. Significant increase in prevalence of urinary tract stones was demonstrated at age group (21-30 year), the highest rate ...
GUILLEN, R; RUIZ, I; VERA VIGO, P y OZUNA, R. Recurrent urolithiasis in a Miniature Schnauzerpuppy: Case report. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2011, vol.9, n.1, pp.49-53. ISSN 1812-9528.. The formation of urinary stones represents an important clinical issue in canines. There are differences in the trend to present urolithiasis among breeds. This is a case of recurrent lithiasis in a Miniature Schnauzermale puppy that presented hematuria and dysuria caused by a urinary tract obstruction associated to lithiasis. The puppy eliminated uroliths at the age of three and seven months old. The morphological analysis of this urinary calculus showed that the first consisted of carbapatite (crystallized carbonated apatite) classified as morphological type IVa1 and the second calculus presented a combination of type IVa1 + IIa. Morphological type IIa is formed by Weddellite (dihydrate calcium oxalate). Urine analysis of six samples showed a pH value from 6 to 7,5 with presence of bacteria and ...
View list of generic and brand names of drugs used for treatment of Urinary Stone . You can find more information including dosage, side effects of the Urinary Stone medicine.
This months issue of the Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics reports a moderately increased risk of urinary stone disease in patients with biopsy-verified celiac disease.. ...
For some sensitive rabbits, pellets can cause digestive upset. Some rabbits need reduced calcium intake because of urinary stone formation. You may hear it suggested to stop pellets in these situations. Opinions on this vary. It is important to talk with a qualified veterinary (or two) about the pros and cons of reducing or eliminating pellets from the rabbits diet.. Vegetables. Fresh vegetables are an important part of a healthy rabbits diet. Avoid vegetables that are rich in sugar and starches (peas, potatoes, corn), because they can cause intestinal problems. Experiment and see which veggies your bunny likes. Offer him several and give bunny a chance to taste them. It is best to introduce new vegetables one at a time. This way, if you notice a chance in bunnys health or poops, you know which vegetable might be the cause.. Some veggies to try include cilantro, parsley (flat- and curly-leaf), mint leaves, carrot tops, beet tops, radish tops, radicchio, endive, escaroles, broccoli sprouts, ...
What are kidney stones (urinary calculi)?. High levels of some minerals, such as calcium and uric acid, in the urine are known to cause "stones" in the kidneys.. If you or someone you care about has ever had kidney stones, you know how painful this condition can be. Fortunately, the urology specialists at "Urologist" have advanced training and experience not only in treating kidney stones but also in preventing them.. Kidney stones wreck havoc with ones life. They cause excruciating, stabbing pains in the upper back, abdomen, groin and testicles as they travel down the urinary tract. They may also stop the urine flow which can lead to infections and damage to the kidneys. If you have any of these symptoms, it may be a sign of a kidney stone in need of immediate attention.. • Vomiting. • Fever and chills. • Blood in the urine. • Urine that is cloudy or pyuric. • A burning sensation while urinating. • Extreme back or side pain that doesnt go away. Our world-renowned kidney ...
... mostly arise due to improper diet or too mineralized water. The center of crystallization occurs in bladder and then further layers deposit one after another. The problem may occur with every hamster. The first symptom is pain - which rodents often cleverly hide; another symptom may be blood in the urine (hematuria). Surgery of removing the bladder stones in hamster is difficult and hardly any doctor decide to take it because of the small size of the pet... Removing of the stone solves the problem, but a diet avoiding excess mineral salts (especially carbonates and oxalates) is recommended. Hamster after surgery is healthy - can make all activity, including running, climbing, digging and reproduction ...
Kidney StonesThe most frequent symptom that produces the presence of kidney stones or urinary calculus is the attack of acute pain called nephritic.
Urinary Calculus: stone formed in any part of the urinary system (kidney, ureter, bladder); some are small enough to pass in the urine, with or without pain; others must be removed surgically.
Medicinal uses. Uses supported by clinical data. None.. Uses described in pharmacopoeias and in traditional systems of medicine. Internally, as a mild urinary antiseptic for moderate inflammatory conditions of the urinary tract and bladder, such as cystitis, urethritis and dysuria (11, 13, 14).. Uses described in folk medicine, not supported by experimental or clinical data. As a diuretic, to stimulate uterine contractions, and to treat diabetes, poor eyesight, renal or urinary calculi, rheumatism and venereal disease (4, 5, 15). Topical applications have been used for skin depigmentation (15).. Pharmacology. Experimental pharmacology. Antimicrobial activity. A 30% ethanol extract of Folium Uvae Ursi inhibited the growth in vitro of Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhimurium, Serratia marcescens and Staphylococcus aureus (16). However, 95% ethanol or chloroform extracts had no antibacterial activity (17, 18). An aqueous extract of the leaves inhibited the ...
A 25 year old man complains of frequency, urgency, and dysuria for 3 days. He is otherwise asymptomatic. There is no history of urinary calculi. He returned from Egypt 2 months ago, where he swam in the Nile and consumed unboiled water. His medical, surgical and family histories are unremarkable ...
Our Metabolic Evaluation Clinic for Kidney Stones, which is led by Dr. Andrea Lantz, offers state-of-the-art evaluation and management of patients with urinary tract stone disease.
As calcium is eliminated in the urine, the incidence of urinary tract stones is on the rise generally in women, with a 70 percent increase in the last 15 years.
Your body loses fluids when you engage in vigorous exercise, sweat in high heat, or come down with a fever or contract an illness that causes vomiting or diarrhea. If youre losing fluids for any of these reasons, its important to increase your fluid intake so that you can restore your bodys natural hydration levels. Your doctor may also recommend that you drink more fluids to help treat other health conditions, like bladder infections and urinary tract stones. If youre pregnant or nursing, you may want to consult with your physician about your fluid intake because your body will be using more fluids than usual, especially if youre breastfeeding. ...
ONLINE SHOP: Of the most effective diuretics specific to urinary tract. It is used in the treatment of cystitis, urinary stones and various kidney diseases.
Calculi: Ultrasonography for evaluation of suspected urinary calculi. Health and Medicine Reference Covering Thousands of Diseases and Prescription Drugs.
In keeping with the overall modernisation of the Hospital, the department of Urology spread its wings further to accommodate many new services. One of the most striking advances is in the management of Urinary Stone disease. The Hospital has acquired the all-new Dornier compact Alpha Lithotriptor, manufactured by the pioneers of the Lithotriptor Technology. The state of the art equipment has set new standards in management of stone disease. The new compact Alpha Lithotriptor has In keeping with the overall modernisation of the Hospital, the department of Urology spread its wings further to accommodate many new services. One of the most striking advances is in the management of Urinary Stone disease. The Hospital has acquired the all-new Dornier compact Alpha Lithotriptor, manufactured by the pioneers of the Lithotriptor Technology. The state of the art equipment has set new standards in management of stone disease.. ...
Our knowledgeable and experienced calculus tutors are available for in-home tutoring, tutoring in a small group on school campus or at the library, or even online. Each Club Z! calculus tutor develops a unique tutoring program and lesson plan, focused on helping students succeed in calculus. Our calculus tutors prepare their students for calculus tests and quizzes, assist them with calculus homework, help improve classroom performance, and increase their understanding and confidence level in calculus. Whether it is graphing linear functions or solving differential equations, our calculus tutors are able to help you to excel at every level, including: Pre-Calculus, High School Calculus, AP Calculus, Honors Calculus, College Level Calculus.. Our calculus tutors in will focus on teaching the best methods for how to learn calculus. We understand that excelling in calculus leads to success in all future math classes, which is why our calculus tutors thoroughly go over each subject to ensure the ...
Our knowledgeable and experienced calculus tutors are available for in-home tutoring, tutoring in a small group on school campus or at the library, or even online. Each Club Z! calculus tutor develops a unique tutoring program and lesson plan, focused on helping students succeed in calculus. Our calculus tutors prepare their students for calculus tests and quizzes, assist them with calculus homework, help improve classroom performance, and increase their understanding and confidence level in calculus. Whether it is graphing linear functions or solving differential equations, our calculus tutors are able to help you to excel at every level, including: Pre-Calculus, High School Calculus, AP Calculus, Honors Calculus, College Level Calculus.. Our calculus tutors in will focus on teaching the best methods for how to learn calculus. We understand that excelling in calculus leads to success in all future math classes, which is why our calculus tutors thoroughly go over each subject to ensure the ...
Urinary tract disease in cats is a big deal. In fact, one of the most common reasons cats are abandoned to animal shelters (and sometimes euthanized thereafter if they cant be re-homed) is due to urinary issues. Fortunately, there have been many medical and nutritional advances made to help resolve urinary tract disease. Lets take a look at some of the more typical symptoms of urinary tract disease in cats and then how it can be alleviated.. Portions adapted from Feline Urinary Tract Disease: What You Should Know by Lorie Huston, DVM. ...
Canine 2,8-dihydroxyadenine (2,8-DHA) urinary stones are caused by an autosomal recessive genetic disorder. The disorder is a result of a mutation in the adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) gene, which encodes an enzyme that is critical in the metabolism of dietary purines. A deficiency in APRT results in excessive 2,8-DHA in the urine. This increases the risk for formation of bladder or kidney stones and can cause significant kidney disease. Who gets it?2,8-DHA is among the most rare types of canine urinary stones. It has been reported in dogs with ancient breed origins, such as the Siberian Husky, Tamaskan, and Native American Indian Dog (which is derived from the Alaskan Malamute, Siberian Husky, German Shepherd Dog, and Chinook). We have also identified this stone type in wolves.What are the clinical signs? Canine 2,8-DHA stones can form in the kidneys or bladder. This causes irritation that may manifest as straining to urinate, frequent urination, urgency with urination, blood in the urine, or
CLEVELAND CLINIC. Sri Sivalingam MD, MSc, FRCSC, is assistant professor of surgery at Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine at Case Western Reserve University. He is Director of the Center for Endourology and Stone Disease at Cleveland Clinics Hillcrest Hospital. Originally from Canada, he earned his Bachelors, Masters, and Medical degrees at the University of Toronto, and subsequently completed his urology residency at the University of Manitoba. He then completed a two-year fellowship in advanced Endourology and Minimally Invasive Surgery with a strong focus on urinary stone disease at the University of Wisconsin. He is board certified by both the American Board of Urology and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada ...
The different conditions treated in urology includes urinary stone diseases like kidney stones, urological cancers which includes prostate cancer, bladder cancer, kidney cancer, penile cancer, testicular cancer and so on. They also include paediatric urology conditions like undescended testes, UPJ obstruction, Torsion testes and the sort occurring in kids. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is another condition dealt by urology ...
Woman being treated for kidney stones on a lithotripsy machine, a non-invasive ultrasound technique that breaks the stones into small fragments that may be passed out in urine. The womans abdomen is immersed in a water bath; a plastic cushion forms a seal around her body. In the bottom of the bath are devices that focus ultrasound waves into the kidneys in a series of pulses. Urinary stone formation is a metabolic disorder which results in precipitation of mineral ions (notably calcium) in urine. Normal urine contains polymer substances which inhibit crystal growth and prevents stones from growing to a size which prohibits their expulsion in urine. - Stock Image M700/0028
A new study by Kai Dallas and colleagues published online ahead of print in the Journal of Endourology, suggests that greater precipitation, and not just higher temperatures, in a region may place its residents at increase risk of urinary stone disease.. ...
Learn more about Kidney Stones at Doctors Hospital of Augusta Related Terms Calcium Oxalate Stones Nephrolithiasis Renal Calculi Urinary Calculi Urolithiasis Uses Principal...
Diet. The association between dietary factors and stone formation was first evidenced by the stone boom, i.e., the dramatic increase in stone disease incidence in Western industrialised nations, after World War II compared to the period during the war when malnutrition was the rule. The stone clinic effect, a phenomenon described by the Mayo Clinic years ago to explain the reduction of stone recurrence in two third of the patients after basic dietary advice, further reinforced the importance of such association 79. Dietary intake of various foods and fluids that result in greater urinary excretion of substances that produce stones has a significant effect on incidence of urinary calculi. Ingestion of excessive amounts of purines 80, oxalates 62, calcium, phosphate, sodium, and other elements often results in excessive excretion of these components in urine. High protein intake of animal origin increases acid, calcium, phosphate, oxalate, and uric acid excretion and decreases the citrate ...
Recognition of urinary tract disease in cats can be aided and diagnosed by your veterinarian, but being able to detect the signs at home is generally going to be most important for catching signs early on before it progresses to the cat becoming very sick. Urinary tract disease may also be difficult to detect in multi-cat households, or in cats that go outside, where individual eliminations and habits cannot be observed or distinguished from one cat versus another.. Common signs of urinary tract disease include increased drinking, increased frequency of urination, straining to urinate, decreased urine production, inappropriate urination outside the litter box, bloody urine, lethargy/hiding, loss of appetite, vomiting, abdominal pain and labored breathing. Cats can have just one or multiple signs depending on the type and severity of their urinary tract ailment.. A clean and low stress environment is important to a cats overall health as well as their urinary tract health. Cats are pretty well ...
Urinary citrate (Ucit) protects against urinary stone formation. Acid base status and diet influence Ucit. However, the effect of demographics, diet, and glucose metabolism on Ucit excretion, urinary pH (U-pH) and net gastrointestinal alkali absorption (NAA) are not known. Twenty-four hour urine samples, blood glucose, creatinine, and cystatin C were obtained from non-Hispanic white sibships in Rochester, MN (n = 446; 64.5 ± 9 years; 58% female). Diet was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire. The impact of blood glucose, demographics and dietary elements on Ucit excretion, U-pH, and NAA were evaluated in bivariate and multivariable models and interaction models that included age, sex, and weight ...
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urolithiasis in cats, called differently urolithiasis - dangerous disease threatening the life of your pet.Each responsible owner should know how to protect your pet from this disease and how to treat it if it is still ill.Lets look at this issue more closely.. urolithiasis in cats - Causes and Symptoms urolithiasis formed stones or sand in the urinary organs.There may be more, they may be of different composition and vary in size.Urinary stones are the size of both the grain of wheat and walnut.Reasons for their formation may be different.To date, one thing is clear: in cat urine appear insoluble compounds, which are connected into the crystals.This can be caused by individual characteristics, diet, sedentary lifestyle animal infections, systemic diseases.Urolithiasis in cats occurs when the following conditions: ...