Press Release issued Dec 19, 2016: The growth of the global market is largely driven by rapid urbanization and increasing level of air pollution across the globe and increasing prevalence of respiratory diseases. Some of the other factors driving the growth of the global market include growing geriatric population, changing lifestyle, increasing healthcare expenditure, and high prevalence of tobacco smoking. Increasing demand of point-of-care diagnosis, growing demand for home care therapeutic devices and high growth in developing countries in respiratory care device are expected to create ample opportunities for the manufacturers of respiratory care device. However, lack of awareness, reimbursement concerns and harmful effect of respiratory care device on neonatal are hampering the growth of the global respiratory care device market.
VOA]The United Nations is warning the world is not prepared to meet the needs of rapid urbanization. Authors of the World Economic and Social Survey 2013 are calling for bold new strategies to address the overwhelming needs of the more than 6.5-billion people who will be living in cities by 2050.. ...
The pdf for this report is 704KB. The National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is investigating the effects of urbanization on stream ecosystems in 15 metropolitan areas. Assessments began in 1999 in the metropolitan areas of Anchorage, Alaska; Birmingham, Alabama; Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois; Cincinnati-Dayton, Ohio; Los Angeles, California; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Trenton, New Jersey; and Salt Lake City, Utah. Additional studies began in 2001 in Atlanta, Georgia; Reno-Sparks, Nevada; Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas; Denver, Colorado; Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, North Carolina; Milwaukee, Wisconsin; and Portland-Salem-Eugene, Oregon. In all of these studies, urbanization is defined as the conversion from rural land uses to residential and commercial uses that are typical of recent, generally sprawling, urban-growth patterns. ...
In 2003 and 2004, 30 streams near Milwaukee and Green Bay, Wisconsin, were part of a national study by the U.S. Geological Survey to assess urbanization effects on physical, chemical, and biological characteristics along an agriculture-to-urban land-use gradient. A geographic information system was used to characterize natural landscape features that define the environmental setting and the degree of urbanization within each stream watershed. A combination of land cover, socioeconomic, and infrastructure variables were integrated into a multi-metric urban intensity index, scaled from 0 to 100, and assigned to each stream site to identify a gradient of urbanization within relatively homogeneous environmental settings. The 35 variables used to develop the final urban intensity index characterized the degree of urbanization and included road infrastructure (road area and road traffic index), 100-meter riparian land cover (percentage of impervious surface, shrubland, and agriculture), watershed land cover
Many attempts have been made to quantify Africas malaria burden but none has addressed how urbanization will affect disease transmission and outcome, and therefore mortality and morbidity estimates. In 2003, 39% of Africas 850 million people lived in urban settings; by 2030, 54% of Africans are expected to do so. We present the results of a series of entomological, parasitological and behavioural meta-analyses of studies that have investigated the effect of urbanization on malaria in Africa. We describe the effect of urbanization on both the impact of malaria transmission and the concomitant improvements in access to preventative and curative measures. Using these data, we have recalculated estimates of populations at risk of malaria and the resulting mortality. We find there were 1,068,505 malaria deaths in Africa in 2000 - a modest 6.7% reduction over previous iterations. The public-health implications of these findings and revised estimates are discussed.
The conference on "Urbanization and Poverty", jointly organized between the World Bank and George Washington University-Institute for International Economic Policy (GWU-IIEP), will bring together academics and development practitioners over two days to discuss the challenges of urbanization in view of rural-urban structural transformation.. The world is urbanizing rapidly, with cities today concentrating more than half the worlds population. While it is widely accepted that development and urbanization go hand in hand, the expansion of cities gives rise to both opportunities and challenges, with countries urbanizing in quite different ways. Urbanization has been occurring at different times and different paces, and some countries have concentrated the urban populations in few mega cities, while others have spread the urban populations across many smaller towns. Particularly little is known about the relation between the pace and nature of the urbanization process and the evolution of inequality ...
The Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Policy Model-China, a national scale cardiovascular disease computer simulation model, was used to project future impact of urbanization. Populations and cardiovascula
Stewardship as a concept is increasingly brought forward as a goal to reach sustainability goals of ensuring human wellbeing within the limits of Earths life support systems. Scholarship on the required capacities for planetary stewardship is growing rapidly, as are the insights. This thesis focuses on contributing with knowledge about what stewardship implies in terms of civic engagement in environmental issues, particularly in contexts where these can be particularly challenging: rapidly changing cities. Paper I describes the internal functioning of a citizen network engaged in various environmental issues in Bangalore, India. Analyzing social network structure and desired outcomes, it shows that while the loose structure inhibits efficiency, it encourages inclusiveness and builds legitimacy among members. Despite a reduced capacity to actively mobilize members, the network facilitates ecosystem monitoring and serves as an information platform to connect diverse groups across the city. Paper ...
Valve Market (Material - Copper, Stainless Steel, Plastic, Carbon Steel, and Brass; Application - Civil and Industrial) - Global Industry Analysis, Trend,...
Urbanization is a major anthropogenic factor affecting todays environment, making urban ecosystems the most dynamically evolving parts of modern biota. Although the influence of urbanization on biological species has been studied, a significant gap of knowledge exists regarding the effect of urbanization on the evolution of animal species. To address this question, my laboratory conducts a longitudinal study on amphibian communities in the Ural Mountains region in Russia. The Urals is natural barrier between Europe and Asia characterized by a considerable heterogeneity of landscapes, well-developed urban ecosystems, and diverse areas of environmental pollution. These factors strongly affect amphibian populations because the development of these animals is very sensitive to environmental cues. Starting 1977, we study five amphibian species at 20 geographical locations, including urban territories. We use standardized methods of data collection, which allows for comparisons between different ...
The formation of slums is closely linked to urbanization.[54] In 2008, more than 50% of the worlds population lived in urban areas. In China, for example, it is estimated that the population living in urban areas will increase by 10% within a decade according to its current rates of urbanization.[55] The UN-Habitat reports that 43% of urban population in developing countries and 78% of those in the least developed countries are slum dwellers.[6]. Some scholars suggest that urbanization creates slums because local governments are unable to manage urbanization, and migrant workers without an affordable place to live in, dwell in slums.[56] Rapid urbanization drives economic growth and causes people to seek working and investment opportunities in urban areas.[57][58] However, as evidenced by poor urban infrastructure and insufficient housing, the local governments sometimes are unable to manage this transition.[59][60] This incapacity can be attributed to insufficient funds and inexperience to ...
These six maps trace the development of the Norwood Park area through initial land sale, farming, suburban enclave, and urban neighborhood. The 1851 map identifies the first owners of land parcels shaped by the rectangular national land survey system and reveals the permanent imprint of the Native American era with the reserve created for Billy Caldwell, the Indian Boundary Line, and the diagonal roads based on Indian trails. In 1861 new farmsteads revealed landholdings turning into productive farms served by a new railroad line from Chicago, and a county poor farm appeared. By 1870 a curvilinear suburban subdivision had been laid out around the train station, the beginnings of a residential commuter suburb still surrounded by farms. The 1901 map shows denser subdivision and an enlarged cemetery but still much continuity in rural land ownership, though non-farm residences were beginning to accumulate along well-traveled roads. By 1928 the area was being inundated with gridded urban subdivisions ...
USGS studies examine the effects of urbanization on algae, aquatic insects, fish, habitat and chemistry in urban streams in nine metropolitan areas across the country: Boston, Mass.; Raleigh, N.C.; Atlanta, Ga.; Birmingham, Ala.; Milwaukee-Green Bay, Wis.; Denver, Colo.; Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas; Salt Lake City, Utah; and Portland, Ore.. These USGS studies also show that land cover prior to urbanization can affect how aquatic insects and fish respond to urbanization. For example, aquatic communities in urban streams in Denver, Dallas-Fort Worth and Milwaukee did not decline in response to urbanization because the aquatic communities were already degraded by previous agricultural land-use activities. In contrast, aquatic communities declined in response to urbanization in metropolitan areas where forested land was converted to urban land, areas such as Boston and Atlanta.. Comparisons among the nine areas show that not all urban streams respond exactly the same. This is mostly because stream ...
The influence of urbanization on mutation and adaptive evolution are less clear. A small number of studies suggest that industrial pollution can elevate mutation rates, but the pervasiveness of this effect is unknown. A better studied phenomenon are the effects of urbanization on evolution by natural selection. A growing number of studies show that plant and animal populations experience divergent selection between urban and nonurban environments. This divergent selection has led to adaptive evolution in life history, morphology, physiology, behavior, and reproductive traits. These adaptations typically evolve in response to pesticide use, pollution, local climate, or the physical structure of cities. Despite these important results, the genetic basis of adaptive evolution is known from only a few cases. Most studies also examine only a few populations in one city, and experimental validation is rare ...
Water logging is a crucial problem in Guwahati and certain areas of the city get inundated within a very short duration of rainfall. Rapid urbanization rate with increased number of residential apartments, commercial buildings, streets and various other establishments have tremendously increased the percentage of sealed areas compared to the open spaces. This has resulted in lesser infiltration of water into the soils. Moreover, in order to accommodate the increasing population of the city, unplanned urban expansion takes place which ultimately lead to severe encroachments in the hills, low lying areas, wetlands and reduction in the forest cover. As a consequence due to the cleared hills and loss of wetlands, artificial or flash floods and water logging are frequent in the area. Several areas of Guwahati get waterlogged by flash floods due to heavy rains which disrupt the normal life. The drains in the area get silted up with silts carried with storm water along the hills and flooding the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The relationship between urbanization, the built environment, and physical activity among older adults in Taiwan. AU - Huang, Nuan Ching. AU - Kung, Shiann Far. AU - Hu, Susan C.. PY - 2018/5. Y1 - 2018/5. N2 - Urbanization and ageing are global phenomena and offer unique challenges in different countries. A supportive environment plays a critical role in addressing the issue of behavioral change and health promotion among older adults. Many studies in the U.S., EU, and Australia have considered promoting physical activity in the community based on ecological models, whereas very few Asian studies have examined the relationships among urbanization, the built environment and physical activity in elderly at the ecological level, especially from a multi-level perspective. Due to the prevalence of post-war baby boomers and a very low birth-rate, the older population (aged 65 years old and older) in Taiwan has increased rapidly since 2011 and has exceeded the younger generation (0-14 ...
The world is undergoing the largest wave of urban growth in history. More than half of the worlds population now lives in towns and cities, and by 2030 this number will swell to about 5 billion. Much of this urbanization will unfold in Africa and Asia, bringing huge social, economic and environmental transformations. Urbanization has the potential to usher in a new era of well-being, resource efficiency and economic growth. But cities are also home to high concentrations of poverty. Nowhere is the rise of inequality clearer than in urban areas, where wealthy communities coexist alongside, and separate from, slums and informal settlements. UNFPA works with partners in government, the UN system and civil society to advocate for the welfare and sustainability of rapidly urbanizing communities. UNFPAs works includes ensuring peoples access to essential services, particularly sexual and reproductive health care, as they move to and live in urban areas.
The world is undergoing the largest wave of urban growth in history. More than half of the worlds population now lives in towns and cities, and by 2030 this number will swell to about 5 billion. Much of this urbanization will unfold in Africa and Asia, bringing huge social, economic and environmental transformations. Urbanization has the potential to usher in a new era of well-being, resource efficiency and economic growth. But cities are also home to high concentrations of poverty. Nowhere is the rise of inequality clearer than in urban areas, where wealthy communities coexist alongside, and separate from, slums and informal settlements. UNFPA works with partners in government, the UN system and civil society to advocate for the welfare and sustainability of rapidly urbanizing communities. UNFPAs works includes ensuring peoples access to essential services, particularly sexual and reproductive health care, as they move to and live in urban areas.
The gradient approach allows for an innovative representation of landscape composition and configuration not presupposing spatial discontinuities typical of the conventional methods of analysis. Also the urban-rural dichotomy can be better understood through a continuous landscape gradient whose characterization changes accordingly to natural and anthropic variables taken into account and to the spatio-temporal scale adopted for the study. The research was aimed at the analysis of an urban-rural gradient within a study area located in central Italy, using spatial indicators associated with urbanization, agriculture and natural elements. A multivariate spatial analysis (MSA) of such indicators enabled the identification of urban, agricultural and natural dominated areas, as well as specific landscape transitions where the most relevant relationships between agriculture and other landscape components were detected. Landscapes derived from MSA were studied by a set of key landscape pattern metrics ...
Four decades after its economic reform in the late 1970s, China is still undergoing rapid urbanization and socio-economic changes. Planning, as an important government function in China, has played a critical role in facilitating its urbanization process. At this critical junction of Chinas repositioning its development strategies and seeking solutions to respond to a wide range of socio-economic, equity and environmental problems, governance and its relationship with planning has become more important than ever before. Governance is the exercise of political, economic and administrative authority in managing urban and rural development and its peoples wellbeing. Effective governance will provide mechanisms, processes, and institutions through which planning performs as public policies, and government, citizens, and other stakeholders articulate their interests, mediate their differences, and exercise their legal rights and obligations.. ...
Urbanization is process of global scale changing the social and environmental landscape on every continent. Urbanization is a result of population migration from rural areas in addition to natural urban demographic growth. In 2007, the worlds population living in towns and cities surpassed 50% for the first time in history and this proportion is growing. Rapid, unplanned and unsustainable patterns of urban development are making developing cities focal points for many emerging environment and health hazards. As urban populations grow, the quality of global and local ecosystems, and the urban environment, will play an increasingly important role in public health with respect to issues ranging from solid waste disposal, provision of safe water and sanitation, and injury prevention, to the interface between urban poverty, environment and health.. ...
The NYU Stern Urbanization Project is pleased to be part of the World Urban Forum in Medellín, April 5 - 11. Feel free to stop by our booth and learn more about the work of our Urban Expansion initiative from Alejandra Rangel-Smith, Patrick Lamson-Hall, and Nicolás Galarza. They will be joined by Jaime Vasconez, the lead of the Urban Expansion initiative in Latin America, as well as several of our partners from Ethiopia, Colombia, and India. The booth will feature short films about our work in Ethiopia and Colombia, as well as visualizations of urban expansion in 30 cities.. The flyer below (pdf here) describes our events, please feel free to join us. Well be presenting on the progress of our work with municipalities in Ethiopia and Colombia, launching the Spanish-language edition of Solly Angels book, Planet of Cities, and describing a new joint initiative with UN-Habitat and the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. ...
Expanding urbanization is a major factor behind rapidly declining biodiversity. It has been proposed that in urbanized societies, the rarity of contact with diverse environmental microbiota negatively impacts immune function and ultimately increases the risk for allergies and other immune-mediated disorders. Surprisingly, the basic assumption that urbanization reduces exposure to environmental microbiota and its transfer indoors has rarely been examined. We investigated if the land use type around Finnish homes affects the diversity, richness, and abundance of bacterial communities indoors. Debris deposited on standardized doormats was collected in 30 rural and 26 urban households in and near the city of Lahti, Finland, in August 2015. Debris was weighed, bacterial community composition determined by high throughput sequencing of bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene on the Illumina MiSeq platform, and the percentage of four different land use types (i.e. built area, forest, transitional, and open
People have been moving from the countryside to the city for at least 9,000 years, but this key population trend has now become one of the most visible and profound forces on Earth: 2008 is the first year in which more than half of us have become city dwellers. The process of becoming a mainly urban species has accelerated during the past century and has now concentrated nearly three-and-a-half billion people on less than 3 percent of the planets land surface. These monumental agglomerations of people, buildings, factories, roads, and vehicles-along with their associated social systems-have manifold and powerful environmental impacts, as well as effects on fertility and population growth rates, that we are only beginning to understand. The urbanization trend is global, but rates of urbanization have varied significantly by country and region. The worlds more developed countries (as classified by the United Nations) were predominantly urban by the 1950s, but the group of less developed ...
In addition, Haitong Securities released a report showing that from 2012 to 2021, another 592 million square meters of living space will be added to housing demand because of urbanization, which is equivalent to 61% of sales volume for commodity houses in 2011.. Third-tier cities will become the market with the most potential. As a report released by First Capital showed, second- and third-tier cities in central and western China and third-tier cities surrounding the first-tier cities will benefit from urbanization.. According to the recent situation of housing sales, some buyers with rigid demand for improved housing have already actively purchased houses in several third-tier cities, and many developers have also begun to arrange their development plans in second- and third-tier cities, showing that the real estate market is recovering. Zhang Minhua, Director of the Department of Investment Strategy & Research of the Global Personal Banking Service Division of Citibank, forecasts that the real ...
This course aims to provide the general theoretical backcloth for the programme, to offer a map of the relevant academic literature for prospective urban managers and an understanding of the key drivers of urbanization and urban change in and beyond Asia. It will explore the key contributors to our theoretical and conceptual understanding of the contemporary city, the notable paradigm shifts in urban theory and different disciplinary perspectives on urbanism and urbanization. In doing so, the course will engage with the following topics: what is a city?; urbanization and demography; cities, the global and the local; cities and economic competitiveness; social justice, inequality and the differentiated city; shifting geographies of urbanization and cities in particular regions; urban change and conflict; city futures and sustainability. Particular attention will be given to Asian urbanization and the extent to which our current theoretical understanding of urban processes and urbanization remains ...
This book is an attempt to understand a city through its roads. It explores the origins and development of three important roads of Calcutta (now renamed as Kolkata) from the pre-British colonial era to the postcolonial period. Spanning a period of four centuries, these three roads-Bagbazar Street in the north, Theatre Road in the centre, and Rashbehari Avenue in the south-register the contours of urbanization and the changes in the socio-cultural profile of the residents. The author locates this history within a broader theoretical framework with the help of which one can analyse the role of roads in urbanization, which are determined and influenced by the various political, economic, and socio-cultural impulses. The narrative traces the rise of Calcutta from a fledgling town to a giant metropolis through the history of these roads, and approaches the present era, when these roads have reached a cul-de-sac where their further expansion is restricted by territorial limits and environmental constraints.
The paper provides a comprehensive review of issues related to the subject matter. However, the rationale, the logical flow and the fluidity of the text require some improvements. This would help to strengthen the focus of the main points emerging from the literature, some of which may not necessarily related to urbanization and rural transformation unless explanation is provided of how they are linked. For instance, the third bullet point of the chapter "Points Emerging from the literature" reads Malnutrition has become more of an issue than undernutrition. What is exactly the nexus with urbanization and/or rural transformation? The same applies to the fifth bullet point, etc ...
Downloadable! This paper examines the evolution of wealth distribution in France during the urbanization process of the nineteenth century, based on a comprehensive dataset of individual inheritances. It presents a spatial decomposition between rural and urban areas, distinguishing Paris from other cities. We use a non-parametric approach based on wealth density functions. Changes in the level of wealth explained most of the spatial evolution of wealth during 1820-1939; at the turn of the century however, the effect of urbanization on wealth distribution increased gradually.
Article Analysis of effects of climate change on runoff in an urban drainage system: a case study from Seoul, Korea. Both water quantity and quality are impacted by climate change. In addition, rapid urbanization has also brought an immeasurable loss...
BASEL, Switzerland, May 17, 2017 /3BL Media/ - On World Hypertension Day 2017, the Novartis Foundation and its partners, including Intel Corporation, the NCD Alliance, city governments and local partners, announce the launch of Better Hearts Better Cities, an innovative initiative to address the high rates of high blood pressure (hypertension) in low-income urban communities.. Rapid urbanization in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) has deepened health inequities and increased pressure on already under-resourced urban infrastructures and services. This is critical in LMICs which face a growing health crisis of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular diseases, with almost 75% of the global NCD deaths occurring in LMICs.1. The Novartis Foundation is taking ambitious steps to tackle hypertension, the prime risk factor for cardiovascular disease, in low-income urban communities. Better Hearts Better Cities convenes multisector partners - from food suppliers to health ...
Pasta and Noodles market in India is one of the fastest growing globally driven by steady economic growth and rise in disposable income of consumers. Rapid urbanization and a large young population are also helping the Pasta and Noodles market to grow further. Dried and Instant Noodles is the leading category in the Pasta and Noodles market with Convenience Stores being the leading distribution channel ...
With rapid urbanization and suburbanization in China, there is clear evidence of the decoupling of home-work locations in cities which is in contrast to the socialist danwei system where workers were housed in workplace compounds. This paper examines the diverse commuting patterns of suburban neighbourhoods in the Beijing metropolitan region. The research first examines the relationship between the characteristics of commutes in terms of time, distance, and mode, and the socio-economic attributes of residents. The analysis allows us to examine how different socio-economic groups, via latent class analysis, are often spatially concentrated in marginalized neighbourhoods, and further disadvantaged in their commuting experience. The socio-spatial variations in commuting patterns are analysed via GIS mapping analysis, statistical testing, and multiple regression analysis. Major variations were found in the commuting patterns in terms of time, distance and mode across different socioeconomic groups ...
Introduction. Key mortality indicators, such as age-specific death rates, life expectancy at birth and the leading causes of death in a population, are essential for population health assessment. Data on these standard international mortality indicators are needed in developing countries for comparative analysis, health policy, monitoring and evaluation, and epidemiological research. However, in such countries vital registration systems, which are the optimal source of these data, are seldom fully functional. 1 This is the case in Viet Nam, a densely populated developing country of 88 million people located in south-eastern Asia whose population structure is rapidly changing because of declining fertility and mortality and a transition in causes of death. 2 The countrys population distribution is also changing as a result of socioeconomic development and rapid urbanization. Thus, accurate measures of mortality by age, sex and cause of death from death registration systems are urgently needed to ...
The first major trend is an increase in individual empowerment, stemming from declines in poverty, the growth of a global middle class and more widely available communications and other technologies. Second, power will become more diffuse across countries, as emerging markets grow rapidly and many rich countries age and grow sluggishly. Third, demographic changes will take place slowly but inexorably. The world population will continue to rise rapidly and reach 8.3 billion in 2030 mainly on account of increased life expectancy in developing countries despite declining fertility. While some countries will "shrink" (such as Germany) others, like Kenya, will experience significant youth bulges, and rapid urbanization. Finally, as populations grow and increased consumption levels strain existing resources, access to food, energy, and water will become ever more crucial. So how will the global megatrends play out in the Kenyan context? The 2030 horizon also has a special meaning for Kenyas economic ...
Visit WRI Indias website India is quickly becoming an economic, technological, and diplomatic leader. Yet this growth has come at a cost. Rapid urbanization is placing a burden on infrastructure, energy consumption and public services. Already the fourth-largest economy, India is the worlds third-largest greenhouse gas emitter and fourth-largest electricity consumer. The economic and development decisions that the country makes over the next few decades will pose profound implications for the global environment. WRI India-established in 2011-works with local and national governments, businesses, and civil society to address Indias development challenges. We identify solutions that are both economically and environmentally sound. We develop blueprints for sustainable urban transport and smart city growth. We provide research and policy recommendations to expand renewable energy and access to affordable, reliable power. Our tools and guidance help businesses cost-effectively reduce greenhouse gas
Demand for ceiling tiles was highest from the commercial segment in 2012. The commercial ceiling tiles industry has remained a vital part of the economy despite being negatively impacted by the global economic downturn in 2008-09. Furthermore, the commercial segment is expected to witness the fastest growth due to rapid urbanization, particularly in emerging economies of Asia Pacific and Latin America. The segment is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 10.0%, from 2013 to 2019. Industrial was the second largest application segment of the ceiling tiles market in the same year. Rising construction activities in offices, conference rooms, testing and R&D labs coupled with growing industrialization are some of the major factors which are expected to drive the industrial infrastructure in emerging economies of China and India ...
Global genetically modified (GMO) food market is anticipated to showcase a tremendous CAGR of 3.2% during the forecast period i.e. 2016-2023. Additionally, growing number of population with hectic lifestyle and introduction of high nutrition food are believed to intensify the growth of genetically modified (GMO) food. Moreover, the global genetically modified (GMO) food market is projected to account for 130 Million tons by the end of 2021. In terms of geography, North America region captured the largest market of global genetically modified (GMO) food in 2014 aided by U.S. Moreover, rapid urbanization along with growing awareness regarding genetically modified (GMO) food products in this region is predicted to trigger the market of genetically modified (GMO) food. Moreover, in the U.S, 86% of corn, 93% of soybean and 90% of cotton are genetically engineered. Apart from this, Europe imports approximately 60 GM products from other countries, especially maize, soy bean, cotton and sugar beet. In ...
Global genetically modified (GMO) food market is anticipated to showcase a tremendous CAGR of 3.2% during the forecast period i.e. 2016-2023. Additionally, growing number of population with hectic lifestyle and introduction of high nutrition food are believed to intensify the growth of genetically modified (GMO) food. Moreover, the global genetically modified (GMO) food market is projected to account for 130 Million tons by the end of 2021. In terms of geography, North America region captured the largest market of global genetically modified (GMO) food in 2014 aided by U.S. Moreover, rapid urbanization along with growing awareness regarding genetically modified (GMO) food products in this region is predicted to trigger the market of genetically modified (GMO) food. Moreover, in the U.S, 86% of corn, 93% of soybean and 90% of cotton are genetically engineered. Apart from this, Europe imports approximately 60 GM products from other countries, especially maize, soy bean, cotton and sugar beet. In ...
Article Quantification of exposure to fecal contamination in open drains in four neighborhoods in Accra, Ghana. In low-income countries, rapid urbanization adds pressure to already stressed water and sanitation systems that are critical to the health...
BACKGROUND: With rapid urbanization in China, an increasing number of rural adults have migrated to cities to seek job opportunities, leaving their school-aged children behind. These left-behind children (LBC) without one or both parents usually receive less attention from their caregivers. Whether the parental migration affects the childrens oral health is not well understood. This study aimed to explore the differences in dental caries status and oral health-related behaviors between children with different parental migration experiences in a rural area of Southern China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Luchuan County of Guangxi Province in 2015. A total of 1085 school children aged 8-12 participated in this study. Participants demographic characteristics, parental migration information, and eating and oral hygiene habits were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Dental caries of permanent teeth was examined using the decayed, missing, and filled tooth (DMFT) ...
Global Personal Care Packaging Market Report, published by Fior Markets, forecast that the global market is expected to reach $44.2 Billion by 2024 from $29.1 Billion in 2016, growing at a CAGR of 5.4% from 2016 to 2024. By geography, Asia-Pacific and North America are expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.7% and 5.5%, respectively, during the forecast period.. "Personal Care Packaging Market (By Product Type: Flexible Packaging, Rigid Plastic, Glass, Paper, Metal, and Others; By Application: Skin Care, Hair Care, Cosmetics, Bath & Shower, And Others; By Geography: North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and RoW) Global Scenario, Market Size, Outlook, Trend and Forecast, 2015-2024″. Download Free Sample Report: https://www.fiormarkets.com/report-detail/138518/request-sample. The global personal care packaging market is significantly driven by factors such as, rising demand for cosmetics and beauty products, rapid urbanization, changing consumer lifestyle, advancements in packaging technology, and rising ...
Early buyers will receive 10% customization on reports.. Asia-Pacific is the largest market for decorative laminates. Asia-Pacific is estimated to be the largest market for decorative laminates. China is estimated to be the largest market for decorative laminates in the Asia-Pacific region. High population in the region is driving the demand for advanced infrastructure. Hence, developing economies, along with rapidly growing infrastructure is driving the decorative laminates market in the region. The demand for decorative laminates from the residential sector is expected to grow in the Asia-Pacific due to rapid urbanization and increasing disposable income of consumers.. Based on end-use sector, the non-residential sector is estimated to lead the decorative laminates market during the forecast period. Decorative laminates are used in restaurants, laboratories, educational institutes, office furniture, hospital, hotels, and retail shops. Based on end-use sector, the non-residential sector led the ...
Historically, cities and civilizations have flourished along water bodies, which not only served as important transportation corridors to spur economic activity and trade, but also as prominent public spaces for religious and cultural interaction. Today, while a large number of cities have turned away from this important natural resource, many have reclaimed and transformed their waterfronts into thriving economic engines and nodes of social activity. Can cities redefine their relationship with water while managing challenges of rapid urbanization?. The World Banks South Asia Sustainable Development Unit, in collaboration with East Asia Pacific Sustainable Development Unit, is organizing a webinar on waterfront development to discuss different dimensions of waterfront initiatives and tools for a sustainable regenerative economic environment.. ...
Samaneh Zamani said the initiative has been undertaken in cooperation with Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University and Iran University of Medical Sciences.. She added that health experts stationed in the buses provide the public with information on ways to prevent HIV and inform them where to conducts AIDS test free of charge. They also hand out training materials.. Official statistics indicate that AIDS is more prevalent in developing and less developed countries, she pointed out.. The rapid urbanization coupled with a significant growth in population in developing countries have led to a rise in social disorders such as drug addiction, criminal activities and high-risk behaviors in the world.. Zamani said AIDS is not just an individual health problem, rather it is a social and cultural phenomenon which has an impact on the patients and their relatives.. On measures undertaken by Tehran Municipality to lower the number of HIV-infected people, she said, We are ...
Dr. Kos research centers on the health problems that have emerged as a consequence of rapid urbanization and social inequity. He coordinates a research and training program on urban slum health in Brazil and is conducting prospective community-based studies on rat-borne leptospirosis, dengue, meningitis and
The prevalence of target diseases such as asthma and food allergies are expected to grow over the next seven years, supported by sedentary and dietary lifestyle habits. In addition, rising indoor, industrial pollution, rapid urbanization in developing countries and increasing greenhouse gas concentrations are expected to increase the prevalence of pollen induced respiratory disorder, thereby boosting the overall market growth over the forecast period. Increasing incidences of allergies has triggered the demand for sensitive, cost effective and accurate diagnostics tools. Manufacturers in congruence with the changing customer preferences are now engaged in constant product development. For instance, the MeDALL allergen-chip for allergy determination is further expected to propel market growth during the next seven years. Browse Detail Report With TOC @ http://www.hexareports.com/report/allergy-diagnostics-and-therapeutics-market/details Further key findings from the study suggest:. Consumables ...
This investigation into modernist Maori art examines the key artists of the period, such as Arnold Wilson, Para Matchitt, and Selwyn Muru, and others who helped establish a visual response to the rapid urbanization of Maori lands and culture throughout the mid-20th century. Additional research offers insight into the Maori renaissance of the 1970s and how their art served as a means to refocus and preserve their cultural traditions in the face of modern expansion. Art lovers and collectors alike will enjoy this accessible look into an exciting period of Indigenous and Oceanic art. Beautiful photographs of the rarely seen carved artworks, many of which have not yet been published, complement the research.
Rapid urbanization, demographic change, and the maturing digital age continue to challenge the spatial distribution of people and resources across our cities and the globe. Design has the ability to bring nature, technology, and people together. Were innately curious. The places we design are rooted in local culture while acting as a catalyst for socially sustainable urban transformation. We begin each project with a belief that sensitive planning can simultaneously serve people and spur growth.
Rapid urbanization and industrialization result in serious contamination of soil with toxic metals such as lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd), which can lead to deleterious health impacts in the exposed population. This study aimed to investigate Pb and Cd contamination in agricultural soils and vegetables in five different agricultural sites in Pakistan. The metal transfer from soil-to-plant, average daily intake of metals, and health risk index (HRI) were also characterized. The Pb concentrations for all soils were below the maximum allowable limits (MAL 350 mg kg(-1)) set by State Environmental Protection Administration of China (SEPA), for soils in China, while Cd concentrations in the soils were exceeded the MAL (61 ...
APAC occupied 20% of the overall revenue in 2015 and is expected to further showcase maximum expansion over the forecast years. This can be attributed to factors such as rapid urbanization, increased consumer disposable income and functional food demands, and growing target population base. High rates of malnutrition cases in infants are also likely to escalate GOS demand in the region, thereby fueling market growth. In addition, presence of key companies such as Terio Co and Wuxi Cima Science Co. Ltd.; Taiwan Fructose Co. Ltd.; Yakult Pharmaceutical Industry Co. Ltd.; QindaoFtz United International Inc.; and Nissin Sugar Manufacturing Co. Ltd. is predicted to help spur the regional development in the near future.. Increasing demand for low-fat yogurt, tea, coffee, and milk products is expected to propel the GOS demand in the North America region over the next few years. Moreover, presence of major infant formula manufacturing companies, such as Mead Johnson, is projected to augment the regions ...
In the next six years the global yeast extracts and yeast beta glucan market is expected to grow at a rapid pace. This market will be largely driven by a huge demand for processed food in a world experiencing rapid urbanization, increasing usage of cellulosic bio-fuels, and awareness about the benefits of probiotic functional food. The growing number of women workers is also driving the global yeast extracts and yeast beta glucan market in indirect ways. As women take up jobs beyond the roles of homemaking, it is compromising the dedication required to prepare elaborate meals. This in turn in driving the packaged food industry, which depends on the global yeast extracts and yeast beta glucan market. Yeast extract is a type of water-soluble and complex form of yeast that is used to prepare several snacks, soups, and sauces.Browse Full Global Yeast Extracts and Yeast Beta Glucan Market Report With Complete TOC @ http://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/yeasts-products-market.htmlBaking and ...
Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, you are a diabetic for life. Thats often said and it is true. Diabetes mellitus is a lifetime illness that involves high blood sugar levels which promotes complications if neglected. But it is not the high blood sugar level that kills you, its the complication. Hence, being a diabetic, one needs continuing medical care to achieve target blood sugar levels to prevent these complications. The burden of diabetes is steadily increasing globally. Because of rapid urbanization, change in nutrition brought about by the increasing popularity of fast food due to the busy lifestyle of » » » [Read more]. ...
India is growing and so are the diseases in India. The entire country is going through a rapid urbanization shift and thus the lifestyle is also changing r
The University of Bristol is hosting the UKADR conference in 2018.. 2018 UKADR Conference. 27 - 28 March, 2018. University of Bristol. THEME: Complex Hazards / Complex Vulnerabilities. In recent years there has been a growth of recognition that disasters arise from, and are impacted by, complex interlinked hazards interfacing with complex vulnerabilities. Rapid urbanization, climatic change, intensification and growing reliance on technology, and regional and global economic chains, are all making disaster risk reduction more complicated and more important. Understanding these complexities demands the integration of arts, social sciences, engineering, and the physical science knowledge. It also requires the sharing of expertise between practitioners, academics and policy makers. The 2018 UKADR Conference will explore the intersections of complexities related to disaster studies.. The UKADR conference provides a forum for UK researchers to network across disciplinary fields and to interact with ...
1. Consumers: RT @MasterCardNews: MC A/P Economist: Rapid urbanization in China boosts consumption-led growth http://bit.ly/ahbPTU 4:53 AM Jan 28th from Echofon 2. A question of appreciation: CNY 4 RMB?? RT @TheLexColumn: When it comes to the renminbi…what would you do? http://tinyurl.com/ydgx8gb 2:14 PM Jan 27th from Echofon [Others have their own suggestions…RT @UKTI_JGordon: 5%?…RT @BullishChina: […]. ...
Press Release issued May 4, 2017: The global automotive alloys market is estimated to grow phenomenally owing to rapid urbanization, increasing vehicle production and fuel efficiency regulations. The global automotive alloy market has immense growth potential in terms of electric vehicle production and integration of advanced safety and comfort technologies in vehicles.
The growth in the global mist eliminator market is driven by growth in the power sector and global desalination industry, strict emission guidelines and rapid urbanization in developing markets.
This paper explains what the production of speculative urbanisation in mainland China means for strategising emergent discontents therein. It is argued that Chinas urbanisation is a political and ideological project by the Party State, producing urban-oriented accumulation through the commingling of the labour-intensive industrial production with heavy investment in the built environment. Therefore, for any progressive movements to be formed, it becomes imperative to imagine and establish cross-class alliances to claim the right to the city (or the right to the urban, given the limitations of the city as an analytical unit). Because of the nature of urbanisation, the alliances would need to involve not only industrial workers and urban inhabitants but also village farmers whose lands are expropriated to accommodate investments to produce the urban as well as ethnic minorities in autonomous regions whose cities are appropriated and restructured to produce Han-dominated cities. Education emerges ...
Introduction. With reference to named examples, explain how governments are attempting to overcome the problems of rapid urbanisation. Urbanisation is the rapid movement of people from rural areas into urban areas. This generally occurred in MEDCs in the mid 19th Century, and is currently occurring in LEDCs. Urbanisation has many negative effects on a city, these can include deindustrialisation, housing problems, ethnic minority groups and poor quality of life. Deindustrialisation is the movement of manufacturing industries away from inner city areas. New technologies which start up in the area require a smaller work force. This leads to unemployment. What jobs are available are split into two jobs with half the wage, this leads to under employment where people can barely afford to live. ...read more. Middle. Quality of life criteria have been used to highlight the substandard housing, educational disadvantage, ill-health, deprivation and poor environments (e.g. pollution). The residential ...
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Carlisle, D.M., and Meador, M.R., 2007, A biological assessment of streams in the eastern United States using a predictive model for macroinvertebrate assemblages: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, vol. 43, p. 1194-1207. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2007.00097.x Available Online. Ashbury, Clyde E., and Oaksford, Edward T., 1997, A comparison of drainage basin nutrient inputs with instream nutrient loads for Seven Rivers in Georgia and Florida, 1986-90: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 97-4006, 8 p. Available Online. Alexander, Richard B., Johnes, Penny J., Boyer, Elizabeth W., and Smith, Richard A., 2002, A comparison of models for estimating the riverine export of nitrogen from large watersheds: Biogeochemistry, vol. 57, no. 58, p. 295-339. doi: 10.1023/A:1015752801818 Available Online. Potapova, Marina, Coles, J. F., Giddings, E.M., and Zappia, Humbert, 2005, A comparison of the influences of urbanization on stream benthic algal assemblages in ...
Urbanization is a global phenomenon and the book emphasizes that this is not just a social-technological process. It is also a social-ecological process where cities are places for nature..
Urban environments are expanding faster than any other land cover type and now support the majority of the worlds human population. Recent evidence suggests that these human-altered landscapes play a key role in the emergence and spread of diseases. This project investigates general (continental-scale) patterns regarding the effects that the urbanization process can have on the most important defence against diseases and parasites, the immune system.. ...
The Atlas of Urban Expansion, an open-source online resource with maps, satellite images, and data on spatial changes in cities around the world, has been revised and updated. The new database is a partnership of the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, UN-Habitat, and New York University, The Atlas of Urban Expansion now features a global sample of 200 cities, representing the universe of all 4,231 cities and metropolitan areas that had 100,000 people or more in 2010. The aim is to provide a scientific understanding of how the worlds cities are growing, and to measure performance and identify trends in the implementation of the New Urban Agenda following the Habitat IIIglobal cities summit in Quito, Ecuador in October 2016. Massive urbanization, accompanied by the rapid expansion of cities and metropolitan regions and the sprawling growth of megacities the world over, is one of the most important transformations of our planet. Much of this explosive growth has been unplanned. Cities in developing ...
Last week Credit Suisse Group released a sensational report. According to it, the urban population of emerging economies will make 50% of the global population by 2037. It appears that the analysts show investors which countries (and currencies) they should pay attention to when planning long-term investments. The list includes: China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. They also provided the list of those countries that will lose their investment attractiveness due to excessive urbanization. These are the USA, EU states etc. What are the reasons behind such conclusions? Should we trust Credit Suisses forecasts?
The Municipal Services Project supports Turkeys urbanization process by investing in infrastructure services of water, wastewater, and solid waste.
In her paper, Cities through a "gender lens": a golden "urban age" for women in the global South?, Sylvia Chant of the London School of Economics said, "While women make significant contributions to their households, neighbourhoods and the city through their paid and unpaid labour, building and consolidating shelter and compensating for shortfalls in essential services and infrastructure, they face persistent inequalities in terms of access to decent work, physical and financial assets, mobility, personal safety and security, and representation in formal structures of urban governance.". In an interview with IRIN, Cecilia Tacoli from IIED said, "The risks that women face with urbanization are related largely to inadequate infrastructure and services," and the lack of personal safety and security ...
by K.C. Jaehnig. CARBONDALE, Ill. -- Fecal bacteria in the streams of Illinois rapidly developing Metro East exceed both national and state environmental standards, researchers from Southern Illinois University Carbondale have found.. A three-year study of 43 subwatersheds within the Lower Kaskaskia River basin has revealed that those in urban areas contain on a day-to-day basis significantly higher levels of both E. coli and phosphorus, a major fertilizer component, than do the largely rural, agricultural subwatersheds.. "That surprised me," said SIUC Assistant Professor of Forestry Jon E. Schoonover, who managed the project. "People have been pointing a finger at agriculture for years as a major source of water pollution, but our study showed that as urbanization increased, so did water quality problems.". Although some of the subwatersheds studied are less polluted than others, very few are in good shape, the researchers found. Of the 29 in the Silver Creek watershed, which includes Shiloh ...
Proto Tamansari is a research project, dedicated to develop alternative planning tools for the urbanization of Indonesian Desakota areas. Desakotas are areas in the extended surroundings of large cities, where urban and agricultural forms of land use coexist and are intensively intermingled. Many Indonesian cities suffer from issues caused by , Read More. ...
Introduction and objective: Obesity and overweight among teenagers and young adults pose serious problems for the Polish health care system. The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between the prevalence of overweight and obesity and the level of urbanization, consumption of...
Trains, Not Planes (or Cars): The Promise of High-Speed Rail. One of the costs of urbanization and modern life is traffic. Our streets and highways are clogged with motor vehicles, and two major consequences of so much traffic are air pollution and tens of thousands of deaths and injuries from vehicular accidents. One way that many other nations, including China, Germany, Japan, and Spain, have tried to lessen highway traffic in recent decades is through the construction of high-speed rail lines. According to one news report, the U.S. rail system "remains a caboose" compared to the high-speed system found in much of the rest of the world (Knowlton, 2009, p. A16). Japan has one line that averages 180 mph, while Europes high-speed trains average 130 mph, with some exceeding 200 mph. These speeds are far faster than the 75 mph typical of Amtraks speediest Acela line in the northeastern United States, which must usually go much more slowly than its top speed of 150 mph because of inferior tracking ...
Another major factor in industrialization was urbanization, that is the proportion of this surplus labor that could be relocated where other industry or industrial resources were available rather than to where the food was grown. Urbanization (and presumably the general proportion of non-agricultural population) during the 17th-19th centuries was growing rapidly in both Western Europe, especially Britain, and Tokugawa Japan but less so in China, a phenomenon I have yet to see explained (draft animals cant explain the Japanese case as they resembled China in being relatively bereft of them). As far as agriculture and urbanization goes, contrary to myth Tokugawa Japan saw great progress, almost as much as Britain during the same period, albeit much less technological progress in industry than Britain. Urbanization depended most on water transport, i.e. the ability to transport grain to remote regions (the same thing that made ancient Rome a very large city, in her case grain imports across the ...
Lois M. Verbrugge; Disease and Urbanization. J Health Polit Policy Law 1 August 1983; 7 (4): 965-967. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/03616878-7-4-965. Download citation file:. ...
View Notes - March 13 from GEOGRAPHY 188 at UWO. Thursday, March 13, 2008 Unit 6: Reform Responses to Uneven Development and the ISI Model (including migration and rising urbanization) In 1914: LAC
Exclusive: China urbanization plan hits roadblock over spending fears - sources - Reuters News: By Kevin Yao .12/14/2017 20:56:12PM EST.
Check your understanding of the problems associated with urbanization and daily life during the Antebellum era by completing this quiz or printable...
Global Comparisons in Motives for Car Use between Belgium, Brasil, USA and Japan: Effects of Gender, Urbanization and Cultural ...
INTRODUCTION Urbanization is one of the most controversial problems of modern society. Although it is an essential process of social and economical
We provide governments and international organizations with both static and dynamic information about world-wide urbanization. This data contributes to the decision-making process according to the sustainable development goals of the UN.. ...
URBANIZATION. http://cityguides.salsaweb.com/belgium/reports/2001/20010120venezuelatravel/venezimages/caracas03.jpg. http://america.scientium.com/bush2004/mission.htm. http://www.nwhiker.com/SAnight.html. http://www.caf.dlr.de/caf/aktuelles/news-archiv/bilderarchiv/sonstiges/night-europe_600b_ Slideshow 784290 by branden
A brief evolution of urbanization in Boston, Massachusetts, which focuses on some of the key aspects of urban planning and compares Boston 1630 to present Bost…
Buy Urbanization for as low as $12.99. Compare game prices at BoardGamePrices.com, the webs largest comparison site for popular board games.
A report by the Economic Commission for Africas Social Development Policy Division (SDPD) on the integration of urbanisation in national development planning aims to strengthen member States knowledge and capacities in integrating urbanisation into national development planning frameworks for Africas structural transformation
ACT is currently conducting a NATO Urbanisation Conceptual Study and Experiment to examine the impact on NATO military operations of potential crises situations in urban systems and consequences of Urbanisation in 2035. Participants from 17 NATO
Ugandas Minister for Lands, Housing and Urban Development has warned partner states in their quest to ensure urbanization and modernization of East African cities, not to forget the dangers brought by urbanization.. ...
Preserve land. Parks and open space can be protected from development with the enactment of urban growth boundaries. These growth boundaries draw a line separating the city from the countryside and save tax dollars. Oregon and Washington are two examples of states that require urban growth boundaries.. Revitalize developed areas. Attract new businesses, improve existing schools and reduce crime. In the long run, revitalizing existing properties and systems saves tax dollars and avoids problems associated with new development such as overcrowding and increased need for security, transportation and schools.. Provide affordable housing in the suburbs. People move to or remain in the city for the affordable housing. The rural areas do not have as many renting opportunities for low-income tenants. Duplex or single family homes are usually inaccessible to renters with low income and poor credit.. Invest in public transportation. People move to the city because they cant afford a car. Increased public ...
An explosive increase of urban population, practically in all major cities and towns, has the consequent strain on the existing system manifested in an environmental chaos. The phenomena of accelerated urbanisation is the main culprit, wherein besides bringing higher standard of living, it has also brought problems, as growth of dense and unplanned residential areas, environmental pollution, non-availability of services and amenities, solid waste etc. Remote sensing satellite data is suitable for urban land use mapping to get detail and up- to-date information for environmental management. Where as GIS helps in developing database system for urban information, which supports decision making process. Development of digital database on all aspects of land use and urban planning is the next crucial task for the future in which remote sensing based informa-tion is going to play a major role. In Delhi, rise in population and growth in economic activity has led to en-vironmental degradation. With this view an
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Indeed, all these steps can be applied to most urban development to reduce urban heat island impacts, and many can be incorporated into existing urban areas to provide reduction in temperatures. While this research has focussed on Sydney, it provides valuable lessons in regional climate assessments for cities across Australia, indeed around the world. More research needs to be done for other Australian cities to understand local climate characteristics and urban impacts on temperature. "We need to develop a complete profile of temperature changes for different cities taking into account their various urban expansion prospects and locations," Dr Argueso said. "With this information, we can provide an invaluable tool to help with the future development of Australian cities and the environment many of us live in." ...
而北上广深等一线城市的落户政策可能将进一步收紧。. Related: China Sets Out Urbanization Plans to Support Economic Growth - Bloomberg Concerned that local authorities will see urbanization as an opportunity to boost infrastructure or develop too quickly, the conference warned that targets should be "practical and realistic," Xinhua said. Officials should not pursue "quick results," rather they should push forward in an "active and steady manner," it said. The conference reiterated the strategy outlined in the Third Plenum document that urbanization and the reform of the hukou system should focus on small and medium-sized cities, while migration to the biggest cities should be strictly controlled.. Contradictions in Chinas Foreign Policy - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace-Doug Paal the best essay on the ADIZ and other issues I have read so far // You may have missed the funeral, but Chinas new leadership has quietly buried the admonition of former leader Deng ...
About the Book The City and the Country in Early India: A Study of Malwa is about the emergence of urban centres in the sixth century BCE, and analyses the processes and spatiality of urbanization, taking Malwa as its case study. Earlier research on urbanism has focused on either literary or archaeological sources. While literary sources tend to locate the agency for change exclusively in preachers and become nameless and faceless. The study of inscriptions from Malwa helps in restoring agency to common people. The beginnings of urbanism are to be found in the pre-literate past, and, therefore, require an analysis of archaeological data. Using insights from anthropology and studies of early states, in the first half of the book an attempt has been made to look for new ways to account for urbanization. The second half of the book tries to understand the process of urbanization by examining epigraphic and literary sources. The process of the emergence of urban centres created new forms of division
These farms will be grown and managed using composted organic waste water. The farms will also accommodate for air purification and growing plants without soil (in water containing dissolved nutrients). Farm hubs will expanded along with the roadways. They will connect to other farm hubs. Since farms are hydroponic, there is no requirement of maintenance of soil, just nutritional water will do. Farms connecting with other farms offers endless infrastructure possibilities for farmers. It also acts as a mechanism to build outdoor living spaces full of greenery. Hybrid urbanization is the reality even if it is in the conceptual stage now. Very soon, lack of space will create such needs. This conceptual project is a result of fore thinking. Thinking ahead of the times is the best way to prepare for the inevitable. The inevitable being hybrid urban landscapes.. ...
Option G (IB geography) - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Geography nots for option G
The report provides an outline of recent and likely future urbanisation trends and discusses the consequences. The world is in the middle of an urbanisation process that will cause urbanisation rates to rise from low double digit rates to more than 80% by the end of the century. It argues that this is both a great opportunity and a great challenge, as decisions taken today will affect the lifes of people for a long time to come. The report aims at explaining why cities exist, and what can make them prosperous and function well. It also discusses whether cities are good for residents, for the countries they are located in and for the global environment. The report argues that cities exist and grow because they are a source of economic prosperity and offer amenities that benefit their residents. It concludes that urbanisation is a process that needs to be shaped by policy makers to ensure that all benefit from it.. ...
The report provides an outline of recent and likely future urbanisation trends and discusses the consequences. The world is in the middle of an urbanisation process that will cause urbanisation rates to rise from low double digit rates to more than 80% by the end of the century. It argues that this is both a great opportunity and a great challenge, as decisions taken today will affect the lifes of people for a long time to come. The report aims at explaining why cities exist, and what can make them prosperous and function well. It also discusses whether cities are good for residents, for the countries they are located in and for the global environment. The report argues that cities exist and grow because they are a source of economic prosperity and offer amenities that benefit their residents. It concludes that urbanisation is a process that needs to be shaped by policy makers to ensure that all benefit from it.. ...
HomeResearchProcurement for Development Forum: Meeting VII - Urbanisation, Social and Political Threats to Supply Chain Sustainability in Sub-Saharan Africa ...
Cities all over the world are experiencing extremely fast rates of urbanisation as rural populations flock to them for work. Shanghai, New Delhi, Mexico City and Mumbai are growing the fastest, so how are they coping and what can they learn from established cities?
IISD Reporting Services (IISD RS), ARC, Summary Report of the Expert Group Meeting (EGM) on Land for Sustainable Urbanisation in Africa, 21-22 FEBRUARY 2008, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
The UPD (Urbanisation, Planning and Development) research cluster (formerly Cities Research Cluster) brings together a key group of staff in the