Based on the WHO three-dimensional cube measurements of UHC, it appears that most high income countries such as German, United Kingdom, Canada and Australia have achieved UHC goals through equitable health financing mechanisms [14]. Low and middle income countries (LMIC) started the journey towards Universal Health Coverage goals in 2005 following the 57th World Health Assemblys resolution number 58:33 which urged member states to reform health financing arrangements towards UHC [1]. Currently with regards to the WHO three-dimensional cube, Ghana through National Health Insurance scheme [15] and Rwanda through Community Based Health Insurance schemes [16] are among few LMIC which have successfully developed a health financing system that advances the goals of Universal Health Coverage concept [17].. Most studies explored tools and methods to measure progress towards Universal Health Coverage [12, 18] thus concluded that lack of consensus on international benchmark for developing and comparing ...
Abstract Reproductive health services are crucial for maternal and child health, but universal health coverage is still not within reach in most societies. Ethiopias goal of universal health coverage promises access to all necessary services for everyone while providing protection against financial risk. When moving towards universal health coverage, health plans and policies require contextualized knowledge about baseline indicators and their distributions. To understand more about the factors that explain coverage, we study the relationship between socioeconomic and geographic factors and the use of reproductive health services in Ethiopia, and further explore inequalities in reproductive health coverage. Based on these findings, we discuss the normative implications of these findings for health policy. Using population-level data from the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (2011) in a multivariate logistic model, we find that family planning and use of antenatal care are associated with ...
A growing share of countries across the globe are declaring a commitment to pursuing Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and introducing policies and approaches to advance toward that goal. International donors and multilateral organizations are supporting these initiatives, with UHC under serious consideration for the post-2015 development agenda [1]. Such attention raises the issue of the most appropriate metrics for progress towards universal health coverage. Individual indicators currently used to capture aspects of UHC are myriad. There is however no existing measure that captures multiple dimensions of UHC. Even the composite indicators that have been developed in this area are focused on service coverage. Such composite measures are limited in how they are constructed and what health services are covered. Therefore, existing approaches do not appear to meet the current and future needs of policy makers, who need concise metrics to monitor whether countries are advancing in covering their ...
Today, on the first ever Universal Health Coverage Day, the Worldwide Hospice Palliative Care Alliance, one of the founding global partners for the Day, has released a report on: Palliative care and Universal Health Coverage: Do not leave those suff
Binagwaho and colleagues perspective piece provided a timely reflection on the experience of Rwanda in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and a proposal of 5 principles to carry forward in post-2015 health development. This commentary echoes their viewpoints and offers three lessons for health policy reforms consistent with these principles beyond 2015. Specifically, we argue that universal health coverage (UHC) is an integrated solution to advance the global health development agenda, and the three essential strategies drawn from Asian countries health reforms toward UHC are: (1) Public financing support and sequencing health insurance expansion by first extending health insurance to the extremely poor, vulnerable, and marginalized population are critical for achieving UHC; (2) Improved quality of delivered care ensures supply-side readiness and effective coverage; (3) Strategic purchasing and results-based financing creates incentives and accountability for positive changes. These
Abstract:One of the key objectives of introducing a compulsory health insurance is to provide citizens, regardless of socioeconomic status, with financial risk protection against unexpected catastrophic expenditures in the face of illness. South Korea and Taiwan achieved universal health coverage (UHC) through mandatory social insurance schemes in 1989 and 1995, respectively. Despite both countries efforts to achieve the goal of financial risk protection for more than two decades, past research has demonstrated that household out-of-pocket (OOP) payment still accounts
The achievement of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is a key aim of the global health agenda, and an important target of the Sustainable Development Goals. There is increasing recognition that some groups may fall behind in efforts to achieve UHC, including the 1 billion people globally living with disabilities. A fundamental question for debate is - can UHC be achieved without the inclusion of people with disabilities? People with disabilities are more likely to experience poor health. They will therefore have greater need for general healthcare services, as well as rehabilitation and specialist services, related to their underlying impairment. People with disabilities also frequently face additional difficulties in accessing healthcare, incur greater costs when seeking healthcare and often report experiencing worse quality services than others. As a consequence of these different challenges, people with disabilities face specific and added difficulties across three dimensions of UHC: coverage, access
Marginalized people (ethnic minorities, inhabitants of informal settlements, people employed in illegal occupations, etc.) may have different access to health care or receive different treatment by health care workers compared to others. Power relations between individuals (for example, husbands and wives or health care professionals and patients) influences the effectiveness of policies and programmes to achieve universal health coverage. Despite being inclusive of the poorest, community based insurance in India still generated inequities among rural populations with those more financially better off, closer access to care and men submitting more claims than other populations. Moreover, access facilitated by insurance was not always appropriate with insured women having higher rates of hysterectomies and hospitalisation for fever due to the lack of effective and quality primary care services. ...
Thank-you for an interesting and thought provoking post on the achievements of Rwanda in Universal Health Coverage. I certainly agree that developing a financing mechanism for healthcare inclusive of public health services is key to making UHC a reality in Low and Middle Income Countries. One of the challenges of implementing international laws and policies is how to hold governments accountable for providing basic health services beyond operational maps and guidelines. Better yet, how do the citizens hold their ministries of health accountable for the social protection plans, cost-sharing,and benefit packages to the level that it guarantees financial-risk protection,improves health outcomes, and leads to greater consumer satisfaction with the quality of healthcare received? How many governments are explicit on what services are provided and what quality is acceptable? Is this information publicly available beyond statements such as maternal care, womens health, preventive services even ...
Overall, all-cancer mortality (R = .3745, P = .0001) and treatable cancer mortality were significantly associated with unemployment (R = .1256, P = .0265), whereas untreatable cancer mortality was not (R = .0820, P = .1919). Lag analysis indicated that the associations of mortality with unemployment were maintained for 5 years after unemployment increases for breast cancer in women, colorectal cancer in women, lung cancer in men, and overall cancer mortality.. Effect of Universal Health Coverage. Countries with universal health coverage were defined as those with legislation mandating universal health coverage, , 90% health-care coverage, and , 90% skilled birth attendance. In analysis adjusting for universal health coverage status, no significant associations were found between cancer mortality and unemployment within the first year of an increase in unemployment for any of the six subtypes, all cancers, or treatable or untreatable cancers.. Association With Public-Sector Expenditure on Health ...
World Health Organization, Cashin, Cheryl, Bloom, Danielle, Sparkes, Susan, Barroy, Hélène. et al. (‎2017)‎. Aligning public financial management and health financing: sustaining progress toward universal health coverage. World Health Organization. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/254680. License: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 ...
A coalition of leading health and development organizations is urging governments to accelerate universal health coverage so that everyone, everywhere, can access quality health services without financial hardship.. ...
Ive been blogging a bit about Universal Health Coverage (UHC) recently. In my old wine in a new bottle post, I argued that UHC is ultimately about ensuring that rich and poor alike get the care they need, and that nobody suffers undue financial hardship from getting the care they need. In my Mrs Gauri post, I used my colleague Varun Gauris mother as a guinea pig to see whether the general public feels that UHC is a morally powerful concept and whether it could be expressed in a way that the general public would find accessible. My sense from Ms Gauris comment on the post, is that the answer to both questions could well be Yes. So far so good. Some bad news-resources are finite But before we place orders for colorful placards and huge banners with my suggested slogans Everyone should get the care they need! and End impoverishment due to health spending!, we should break some bad news to Ms Gauri and the rest of the general public: resources are finite, and especially in poor countries the
But what about Canada, the U.K., France, and all the other industrialized countries (remember, thats all of them except the U.S.) that have universal health coverage: If all the commenters claims here were true (theyre not, but entertain me for a moment), what would be motivating those countries to keep such atrociously ineffective systems? Whose interest in Canada is served by keeping a system that doesnt work? Who would be the nexus of political pressure that keeps such bad policy in place ...
In a recent blogpost I asked whether Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is old wine in a new bottle, and if so whether thats so bad. I argued that UHC is ultimately about making sure that
Statement by Jim Yong Kim, President of the World Bank, at the Universal Health Coverage Forum 2017 held in Tokyo, Japan. The key objective of the forum was to stimulate global and country-level progress towards UHC, including pandemic
by Common Dreams. We have to evict private insurers and other profiteers from our healthcare system, says U.S. doctor and single-payer advocate.. by Andrea Germanos, staff writer. Providing universal health coverage is a key way to address increasing global inequality, the head of the World Health Organization said Tuesday.. WHO Director-General Margaret Chan made the comment-which echoes previous comments shes made-during a keynote address on the first of a two-day conference on universal health coverage taking place in Singapore.. Universal health coverage is one of the most powerful social equalizers among all policy options. It is the ultimate expression of fairness, Agence France-Presse quotes her as saying.. Achieving such coverage demands deliberate policy decisions, she said, adding, At a time when policies in so many sectors are actually increasing social inequalities, I would be delighted to see health lead the world towards greater fairness in ways that matter to each and ...
In this second post on the uninsured and the potential for universal healthcare, I discuss the pragmatic realities of our current healthcare system, other countries universal healthcare systems, and the incredible lack of understanding amongst the American populace about the differences.. I will not try to sugar coat the first issue, despite my opposition to universal health coverage. Study after study has concluded that the uninsured do not receive the same standard of care in this country as the insured do. Emergency care is obviously available, but ERs and county hospitals are poor treatment centers for chronic illnesses and the likes which, along with un- or late diagnosed major diseases such as hypertension and cancer, account for the increase in mortality seen from the insured to the uninsured.. Here is an article on an Institute of Medicine study on the issue.. What is surprising is that, in surveys, the majority of Americans with insurance believe that the uninsured receive healthcare ...
S 1893, Childrens Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2007 (Expansion/extension of SCHIP ); S558/HR 1424, Mental Health Parity Act of 2007 (Secure equal treatment for mental health benefits); HR 1038/S 623, Access to Life-Saving Medicine Act (Biogenerics-approving generic Bio pharmaceuticals); S 316, Preserve Access to Affordable Generics Act (Regulate Generic/Brand patent settlements); S 1501/S 1695, Affordable Biologics for Consumers Act (Generic Bio-pharmaceuticals); S 334, Healthy Americans Act (Universal health coverage replaces employer coverage); S 1899, Universal Health Coverage Act of 2007 (Mandatory health insurance coverage); S 242/HR 380, Pharmaceutical Market Access and Drug Safety Act of 2007 (Drug importation-Canada, et al.); HR 1076/S616, HIPAA Recreational Injury Technical/Correction Act (Mandatory coverage for recretional activity); HR 676, United States National Health Insurance Act (National health insurance); HR 1368, Personalized Health Information Act of 2007 ...
Our results demonstrate that there is a significant potential to improve the financial protection of rural Guangxi population through the expansion of NCMS from 2009 to 2013. In these five years, NCMS has raised its premium from 100 RMB to 340 RMB per person, and broaden its reimbursement scope both in inpatient and outpatient services. The dropping down of catastrophic health payments headcounts and the share of OOP in total payment provides evidence to the effectiveness of financial risk pooling intervention by NCMS, and this approach indeed help reduced the financial barriers to health care services.. The healthcare financing systems in Luchuan and Rongxian counties were found to be regressive. It was likely that the regressive nature of social insurance payments was the chief contributor to this since, even though all of the payments were disproportional, the absolute values of the Kakwani index for social insurance were bigger than for other payments (Table 1). The uneven distribution of ...
World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim called on countries gathered at the 66th World Health Assembly to ensure universal access to quality, affordable health services to help end extreme poverty by 2030 and boost shared prosperity.
The Treatment Action Campaign issued the following news:. Despite numerous legislations and the Constitution that are meant to guarantee the progressive realization of improved access to quality health care services, TAC remains guarded. Five years into the phased implementation of National Health Insurance, there is broad scepticism about whether the...
Governments are increasingly turning to data to help guide them in the development and strengthening of Universal Health Coverage. Health data has the potential to influence policies and programs that can increase the accessibility and quality of services, enable better financial management, and identify new efficiencies within the health system. Despite great advancement in this area, many countries still face complicated, foundational challenges with harnessing the value of their health data.. Over the course of 2017, the Data Foundations Collaborative came together to share their experience and expertise in using health care data. Practitioners from ten countries (Ghana, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malaysia, Nigeria, Peru, the Philippines, South Korea, and Sudan) collaboratively prepared examples of data use best practices and the entrenched challenges that countries still face. A new publication, Using Health Data to Improve Universal Health Coverage: Three Case Studies, presents the lessons ...
The Joint Learning Network for Universal Health Coverage (JLN), like the BID Learning Network (BLN), is a country-led effort to promote knowledge exchange among peers. Last month, the Information Technology initiative of the JLN convened to discuss a topic familiar to BID - the importance of data use for strong health information systems and improved health outcomes. The following post first appeared on the JLN blog. Having high-quality health care and health insurance data readily available, and knowing how to use it for planning and decision-making, are key goals for countries working toward Universal Health Coverage. From April 4-6, 2018, 30 practitioners from 10 countries across Africa, Asia, and the Americas gathered in Seoul, South Korea, for the second Data Foundations Collaborative workshop ...
There was a wide-ranging discussion of how and whether universal health coverage should be reflected in the Urban HEART indicators. There was a broad agreement that there should be at least one amongst the core indicator set that deals with universal health coverage, given the global focus on it, but its hard to identify what the key domains of UHC are. Its generally regarded as having three dimensions - access to health services, utilisation of health services and financing of health services. There was recognition across the workshops that whilst UHC financing clearly has an impact, it often lies beyond the scope of local government to influence. They have a greater role in access and utilisation, often by providing co-funding or premises and in some cases payments to cover the direct health care costs of the poor ...
On Sunday April 7, the World Health Organization has chosen the theme of universal health coverage to spread awareness amongst decision-makers in health, including ministers of health and other government decision-makers, to commit to taking action to address gaps in universal health coverage in their countries ...
When sick, while the patient is already loosing health, they need assistance to recover. In such a situation, if required health services are not available or available but not good in quality or available but expensive to afford, it causes distress to the patients. In such circumstances where people continue to fall sick, but are unable to access the system due to various systemic challenges, it may cause prolonged sickness and disease burden in the country. In addition it also causes financial burden to the household. For example, around 39 million (30.6 million in rural and 8.4 million in urban areas, respectively). Indians fell into poverty as a result of out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditures in 2004-05.2. The solution could be two-fold: 1) the country must make available a healthcare system that is capable of providing quality services to its majority population; and 2) the country establishes mechanisms that ensures peoples access to this healthcare system irrespective of their paying ...
Roundtable Discussion on Universal Health Coverage in Latin America and the Caribbean: Health Benefits Plans AHF President, Dick Salvatierra facilitated a Roundtable Discussion on Universal Health Coverage in Latin America and the Caribbean: Health Benefit Plans. The meeting was held in Washington, DC at the Melrose Hotel.
Delta State Governor, Dr. Ifeanyi Okowa has called for the collaboration of all stakeholders in the health sector in the achievement of universal health coverage in the country.. Speaking yesterday [14-05-19] in Asaba when he received in audience stakeholders in the health sector under the National Malaria Programme led by Dr. Evelyn Ngige, Senator Okowa said that to achieve universal health coverage in the country and eliminate malaria by the year 2020, all stakeholders including global health partners need to cooperate and support governments efforts and programmes that impact positively on the people.. While expressing his delight that Delta State was chosen as one of the pilot states for the National Malaria programme, the governor assured the committee and global partners of the readiness of his administration to collaborate with them to achieve success in the fight against AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.. He said, I am glad that Delta State is one of the states chosen for this programme, ...
The MENA Health Policy Forum is an independent, non-profit organization orginally registered in Switzerland in 2008 with membership drawn from health policy researchers and policy experts from the MENA countries. As of March 2016,the forum has been registered in Egypt. ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
The theme of AMWHO 2015 was Universal Health Coverage. Over the 3-day conference, most participants were grouped into regional committees, based on the WHO regional offices. Some participants assumed the roles of NGO representatives or media correspondents. This case study of the Americas Region (AMRO) committee highlights illustrative examples of the experience of participants.. Day 1 Committee Session: Setting the Resolution Agenda. Upon arrival, each delegate had identified the issues relevant to his/her particular country in the form of position papers. The first committee session began in a disjointed fashion when delegates were given their initial opportunity to speak as a wide variety of concerns were presented.. Under the theme of universal health coverage, the dominant topics in AMRO were primary care accessibility, definitions of essential medicine, health outcomes measurement, health financing, and health workforce and resources. Delegates formed a consensus on the following ...
Participants identified that historically, the focus around provision of UHC has been on financing. However, this means there are still significant issues around quality of UHC, fragmentation of healthcare systems management and organisation of healthcare providers, the influence of political factors in UHC provision, and the need for clear assessment metrics to measure global progression on this issue.. Delegates outlined that improved research capacity, improved adoption of digital technologies, and more focus on effective human resources for training of healthcare providers should be made priorities to improve quality of care provided. They highlighted the opportunities that more collaboration could provide - better sharing of success stories and advocacy approaches, improved integration of quality of care into academic curricula, and establishment of mentorship programmes.. In the long term, it was felt that more governance and accountability is needed around quality care provision, and ...
May 22, 2012. This week health ministers from around the world are meeting at the Sixty-fifth World Health Assembly (WHA) to discuss health issues that impact people everywhere. World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Dr. Margaret Chan opened the meeting on Monday by calling for universal health coverage.. Universal health coverage is the best way to cement the gains made during the previous decade. It is the ultimate expression of fairness. This is the anchor for the work of WHO as we move forward, said Dr. Chan. ...
CURE International India began its service from April 2009 with a goal to eradicate disability caused by clubfoot in India. At present over 28,000 children are enrolled in this program nationwide. With over 150 children being born with clubfoot in India every day, the role of CURE International India in establishing free clubfoot clinics is very relevant and significant. Through this initiative, CURE International India aims to enlighten the public that clubfoot can be treated and if neglected, leads to permanent disability.. CURE International India Clubfoot program utilizes the Ponseti Method of treatment. The Ponseti Method has been recognized by the WHO, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Pediatric Orthopedic Society of India as the preferred method of correction and is ideally suited for any developing country because of its inexpensive, non-surgical approach. At the global level more than sixteen countries now have formal, organized statewide programs making this treatment ...
Dear Americans, I know youre being bombarded by anecdotes about Canadian health care right now, and the plural of anecdote is not data. The plural of anecdote is apparently television commercials, which I hear youre seeing a lot of right now, some featuring a Canadian whose story might not be quite true.. Most of my anecdotes involve other people. Ive broken my arm, sustained some relatively minor burns, contracted pneumonia and dealt with the aches, pains and ailments that everyone gets, but Ive been fortunate enough to have avoided anything serious.. Not everyone I know has been so lucky.. A friend was diagnosed with leukemia last summer. Since then, she has endured grueling chemotherapy and a bone marrow transplant and is now cancer-free. She is just 26 years old.. A family member recently had knee surgery and is now the proud owner of two titanium knee joints. Only months before, he suffered a heart attack and had quadruple bypass surgery. Hes not just alive, hes enjoying life and his ...
An article published in the Impact section of Huffington Post discusses the importance of palliative care and the need to prioritise it in discussions of
The Guardian, September 15, 2017. Speaking to opponents of universal healthcare in the U.S. today is much like speaking to a moon-landing denier or any other conspiracy theorist - they insist on arguing impossibility in the face of proven reality.. As Bernie Sanders, Kamala Harris and 15 other senators release details of their universal healthcare bill - one that guarantees access to healthcare for all Americans while simultaneously creating cost savings - there will be many healthcare conspiracists claiming that such a plan is infeasible. So as we consider these arguments in the coming weeks, we must always be prepared to make sure they pass the look! test.. That is, when someone argues that something cannot be done, we neednt argue. Rather, we simply need to point and say: Look!. Someone doesnt believe we landed on the moon? But look! Theres an American flag up there! Someone doesnt believe we can insure every single American while simultaneously reining in the exorbitant costs of ...
Many low- and middle-income countries are reforming their health financing mechanisms as part of broader strategies to achieve universal health coverage (UHC). Voluntary social health insurance, despite evidence of resulting inequities, is attractive to policy makers as it generates additional funds for health, and provides access to a greater range of benefits for the formally employed. The South African government introduced a voluntary health insurance scheme (GEMS) for government employees in 2005 with the aim of improving access to care and extending health coverage. In this paper we ask whether the new scheme has assisted in efforts to move towards UHC. Using a cross-sectional survey across four of South Africas nine provinces, we interviewed 1329 government employees, from the education and health sectors. Data were collected on socio-demographics, insurance coverage, health status and utilisation of health care. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine if service utilisation was
President Paul Kagame has urged global leaders and policymakers to take the lead in making Universal Health Care (UHC) for all a reality.. President Kagame made the call on Monday in New York while addressing Heads of State and Government as well as Heads of Delegations from across the world at a High-Level Meeting on Universal Health Care, ahead of the 74th United Nations General Assembly.. Addressing the gathering themed Universal Health Coverage: Moving Together to Build a Healthier World, President Kagame alluded to the milestones Rwanda has registered in terms of ensuring access to healthcare for all, pointing out that healthcare for all is a must.. Universal access to health care is a defining feature of the modern social contract. Good health affords people dignity, and enables them to use their talents to the full,. Today, we renew our joint commitment to affordable care. No parent should have to choose between food and medicine for their families, President Kagame said.. The Head ...
The Lund Report, July 21, 2015. T.R Reid is hoping that Colorado is the first state in the nation to provide a healthcare system that covers everyone. But hed still be happy if Oregon got there first.. Some state has to get this going and prove that it will work and then it will spread, Reid said.. An author and chairman of the Colorado Foundation for Universal Health Care, Reid will be in Oregon this weekend touting healthcare for all. Advocates in Colorado will put a measure on the 2016 ballot. Though the Affordable Care Act, better known as Obamacare, was intended to get every American insured, the Congressional Budget Office predicts 31 million people will still be uninsured as of 2025.. The Obamacare solution doesnt get us there, said Reid, who has traveled the world studying universal healthcare in other countries. Its a national disgrace that we would have 31 million people uninsured in the worlds richest country.. Reid said he thinks the way to universal coverage in the United ...
Dont tell anyone, but American conservatives will soon be embracing single-payer healthcare, or some other form of socialized healthcare. Yes, thats a bold claim given that a GOP-controlled Congress and President are poised to un-socialize a great deal of healthcare, and may even pull it off. But within five years, plenty of Republicans will be loudly supporting or quietly assenting to universal Medicare. And thats a good thing, because socializing healthcare is the only demonstrably effective way to control costs and cover everyone. It results in a healthier country and it saves a ton of money.. That may seem offensively counterintuitive. Its generally assumed that universal healthcare will by definition cost more.. In fact, in every first-world nation that has socialized medicine-whether it be a heavily regulated multi-insurer system like Germany, single-payer like Canada, or a purely socialized system like the United Kingdom--it costs less. A lot, lot less, in fact: While healthcare eats ...
Private sector for public health: It is high time that government must involve private players to deliver universal healthcare. Comment
The Daily Messenger: Cost Of Universal Healthcare for immigrant jihadis...: So, come to Kalifornia, as an illegal immigrant or jihadi, and get free healthcare forever. The residents will pay, at 400 billion a year ...
Sireesha Perabathina - The project pilot tested a model to move closer to universal health coverage in three facilities in Trivandrum district. The model was based on a bottom up approach, which focused on expanding services offered, strengthening primary care centers, and addressing the needs of the catchment population, , healthcare, kerala, national health service, pilot scheme
Frameworks Essential reading Kutzin, J. (2013). Health financing for universal coverage and health system performance: concepts and implications for policy. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 91(8). pp. 602-611, available at: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3738310/pdf/BLT.12.113985.pdf Chapter 1 in: Mossialos, Elias (Hg.) (2003): Funding health care. Options for Europe. Buckingham: Open Univ. Press (European Observatory on Health Care Systems series), available at: www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/98310/E74485.pdf Lagomarsino, Gina; Garabrant, Alice; Adyas, Atikah; Muga, Richard; Otoo, Nathaniel (2012): Moving towards universal health coverage. Health insurance reforms in nine developing countries in Africa and Asia. In: The Lancet 380 (9845), S. 933-943. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61147-7, available at: www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673612611477 Raising resources, pooling and allocation Kutzin, J.; Yip, W.; Cashin, C. (2016): Alternative Financing ...
A preliminary analysis of the effect of the new rural cooperative medical scheme on inpatient care at a county hospital. Chiyu Ye; Shengnan Duan; Yuan Wu; Huimei Hu; Xiaofang Liu; Hua You; Linghao Wang; Bogg, Lennart; Hengjin Dong // BMC Health Services Research;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 Background China in 2009 committed to reach universal health coverage by promoting three forms of health insurance; NCMS for the rural population, UEBMI for formally employed urban residents and URBMI for other urban residents. NCMS has expanded to near universal coverage in rural China since... ...
The US made universal coverage of health (UHC) an integral health goal in 2012 which is among the Sustainable Advancement Goals targets. will not align with politics aspirations. Where reported insurance of providers CD40 is certainly great Also, quality of treatment is low as well as the poorest fare worst type of often. A couple of strong types of ongoing successes in countries such as for example Bhutan, the Maldives and Sri Lanka. Linked to this achievement are factors such as for example lower OOPE and higher shelling out for wellness. To make improvement in attaining UHC, financial and non-financial barriers to accessing and receiving high-quality healthcare need to be reduced, the amount of investment in essential health services needs to be increased and allocation of resources must disproportionately benefit the poorest. Key questions What is already known about this topic? The United Nations made universal health coverage a key health goal in 2012 and it is one of the Sustainable ...
The Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO) recently launched the EMTCT - Plus: Framework for Elimination of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV, Syphilis, Hepatitis B and Chagas. The objective of the EMTCT-plus initiative is to achieve and sustain the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, Syphilis, Chagas, and perinatal Hepatitis B (HBV) as a public health threat. It embraces the principles and lines of action of the Strategy for Universal Access to Health and Universal Health Coverage, building upon the lessons learned from the PAHO 2010 Strategy and Plan of Action for the EMTCT of HIV and Congenital Syphilis. Continue reading.. ...
On 8 September 1993, Bill Clinton, the forty-second president of the United States, selected Joycelyn Elders as the nations surgeon general of the Public Health Service. In this capacity, Elders argued for legislation supporting universal health coverage and advocated on behalf of President Clintons health care reform effort. While Elders lobbied for comprehensive health education, she also supported sex education in secondary schools. Her rather blunt opinions, especially concerning masturbation and safe sex, earned her the nickname Condom Queen. In 1994, after fifteen months of service, she resigned from this appointment. Elders returned to the University of Arkansas Medical Center, where she had previously served as a professor of pediatrics.. Elders was born Minnie Lee Jones in Schaal, Arkansas. Her mother, Haller, and her father, Curtis Jones were sharecroppers subject to the appalling poverty and exploitation of that position in the South Minnie the oldest .... ...
Mortality and global health estimates, Sustainable development goals, Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Health systems, Malaria, Tuberculosis, Child health, Infectious diseases, World Health Statistics, Health financing, Public health and environment, Substance use and mental health, Tobacco, Injuries and violence, HIV/AIDS and other STIs, Nutrition, Urban health, Noncommunicable diseases, Noncommunicable diseases CCS, Negelected tropical diseases, Health Equity Monitor, Infrastructure, Essential health technologies, Medical equipment, Demographic and socioeconomic statistics, TOBACCO, Neglected tropical diseases, International Health Regulations (2005) monitoring framework, Insecticide resistance, Oral health, Universal Health Coverage, UHC, Global Observatory for eHealth (GOe), RSUD: GOVERNANCE, POLICY AND FINANCING : PREVENTION, RSUD: GOVERNANCE, POLICY AND FINANCING: TREATMENT, RSUD: GOVERNANCE, POLICY AND FINANCING: FINANCING, RSUD: SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND DELIVERY: TREATMENT SECTORS ...
Ekpenyong made the commendation in Obudu Local Government Area of Cross River State while addressing health workers in the just concluded training for health workers on covid19 and other infectious diseases.. The DG who stated that the status is well deserving,congratulated Health workers across the country and in particular staff of the Cross River State Primary Healthcare Development Agency for their worthy and selfless services in reaching out to children across the state.. Dr Ekpenyong said,grassroot health workers are panacea for any nation to attain Universal Health Coverage and thus the worthy accolades being bestowed on them.. She however urged them to expand their scope of coverage and adopt newer techniques to encourage voluntary participation by parents and care givers to bring their wards for other immunization services.. While some of us were in the office trying to make policies and attend to other administrative duties,you all rode on motor bikes,climbed hills and crossed bridges ...
Among the regions, North America hold a significant market share in 2019 on account of the increasing government initiatives to encourage medical tourism, increasing consciousness and awareness of their health and appearance, increasing aging population, and growth in generic market players in the region. The North America Hemoglobin A1c Testing market is driven by the proliferation of lifestyle diseases such as diabates, increased Hemoglobin A1c Testing spending, changing population demographics, and a demand for better medical services, creating opportunities for global market players in medical tourism and Hemoglobin A1c Testing provision.The introduction of the Universal Health Coverage (UHC) plan in Latin American countries is an ambition for health systems to reach where everyone can get Hemoglobin A1c Testing services regardless of their ability to pay and while avoiding the incurrence of catastrophic costs. Such initiations by the government are anticipated to drives the growth of the ...
Could your doctors attitude hurt your health? An intriguing new study demonstrates that physician sensitivity and empathy is associated with reduced clinical
HIV and other C-NCDs have serious socioeconomic consequences, often creating a financial barrier for individuals in need of proper care and treatment, and forcing them to pay high out-of-pocket fees. Despite advancements in service delivery, only twenty countries worldwide currently have Universal Health Coverage (UHC) plans in which everyone can receive basic health services.. While some advocates in the AIDS community may see UHC as a threat to the provision of HIV & AIDS resources, others see it as a solution. Sir George Alleyne from the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) reminds us that UHC is feasible, socially desirable, and economically possible.. We have acceptance that UHC is possible. It is a myth that poor countries cannot afford UHC. There is no country that cannot afford UHC, Sir Alleyne says. It is a matter of social justice.. According to Dr. Jonathan D. Quick, President and CEO of Management Sciences for Health, UHC is becoming the driving vision for prevention, care ...
Background Harmonisation is a key principle of the Paris Declaration. The Universal Health Coverage (UHC) Partnership, an initiative of the European Union, the Government of Luxembourg and the World...
The International Day for download advances Reduction( IDDR) is us of the couple of scanning platform at the finale of health to see, explore for, find to and contain from matters and circumstances. people of participants want speculated, written or shot new each download advances in by related and expensive data. Stronger download advances in inorganic chemistry vol. models, Universal Health Coverage( UHC) and the antigenicity of the International Health Regulations( 2005) are enviable to neighboring text and party humanity.
I am not responsible for your education but my family came to America in 1634 and my ancestor signed the charter for the first 13 militias in Mass. and was the officer in charge of one of them. My line line was living very near Daniel Shays and must have been involved in the Rebellion that Jefferson supported and resulted in 12 amendments 10 of which became the Bill of Rights. That was what he was talking about. The farmers of Mass. (and several of my relatives were farmers in the area) were being ripped off by the Eastern Mass. banks very much in the same way as we are today.. He did not take revolution lightly, but they were in the closing stages of one and he was trying to come out of it with something that would work. Since the Mass. Bay Company had incorporated a list of liberties very similar (and more extensive) to the Bill of Rights. So, he knew it should have been in the original draft and that it shouldnt be ratified without it. It shows his passion about the issue. The context is the ...
The November midterms elections are approaching, and one of the major topics is health care. Democrats are campaigning on retaining Obamacare, in many cases advocating that we move towards universal health care. That would be pure socialism, retort Republicans, who would rather repeal the Affordable Care Act as they attempted in 2017, even if this leads to 20 million Americans losing coverage. Is Universal Health Care Socialism? Only if we believe that every other developed market-based economy in the world is socialist since the U.S. is the only one without universal coverage. We spend almost $10,000 per year per capita on health care, about twice as much as most developed countries. However, in terms of major health outcomes, such as infant mortality or life expectancy, we are laggards. In a recent OECD survey, we ranked 27th out of 35 countries in life expectancy. Japan spends about $4,000 per year per capita in health care, yet the average Japanese has a life expectancy of 84 years, versus ...
At Breast Cancer Action, we envision a healthcare system in which everyone has access to healthcare that is compassionate, culturally competent, evidence-based, supports patient decision-making, and devotes adequate resources to prevention. We believe the United States healthcare system should guarantee affordable healthcare to everyone in this country, and that everyone should have comprehensive coverage which supports their health and well-being.. In the U.S., our health system is controlled by institutions which are beholden to investors and profit motive above patient health-including drug companies, hospitals and insurance companies. The impacts of our profit-driven healthcare system are dire: millions of people lack basic healthcare coverage; treatment costs are set unmanageably high by for-profit companies; medical bills often lead to bankruptcy, even when people do have health insurance; and tens of thousands of people die of treatable medical issues simply because they cannot afford ...
A coalition of groups associated with Occupy Wall Street took to the streets of midtown Manhattan on Thursday evening calling for the abolition of the for-profit healthcare system in the US and the creation of a government-run single-payer system.
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Statement by AHHA and PHAA Long-term vision needed if Australia wants to keep universal healthcare For Australians to have an accessible, equitable and efficient universal healthcare system our political leaders need to consider sustainable and durable long-term funding arrangements that support an efficient and holistic health system, rather than just short-term fixes, said Alison Verhoeven, […]. ...
Medical Buyer is the leading monthly magazine for medical equipment and devices. It is a valuable source of information for hospital administrators, heads of department, and others involved in medical equipment purchases. The magazine provides decision-makers who procure or influence procurement with the latest business information on medical equipment and devices.
This chapter discusses private health insurance, social health insurance, and tax-financed health care. These three health insurance systems differ in terms of three Cs: costs, coverage, and choice. ... More. This chapter discusses private health insurance, social health insurance, and tax-financed health care. These three health insurance systems differ in terms of three Cs: costs, coverage, and choice. Private health insurance is the most costly one to manage. Coverage is limited to people who have taken out insurance, but the choice to do so is of course voluntary. The contrasting system is taxation: it is cheap, it involves universal coverage, but it is compulsory. Social health insurance (SHI) lies between the two contrasting systems, but in practice is quite similar to tax-funded health care on two crucial issues. First, there is no link between size of the individuals contribution and their expected use of health care. Hence, the inefficiencies in the labour market associated with direct ...
Under the current private insurance system, 1) patients who cannot afford good medical insurance, even under Obamacare are forced to forgo necessary medical treatment. With single payer insurance, these folks would be able to get the care they need. 2) doctors spend amazing amounts of time justifying their actions to insurance companies, talking with folks with less training and no direct interaction with the patient. Single payer care has a chance of limiting this problem.. ...
South Africa is currently in the process health care reform as the Government has undertaken the task of providing universal health care to all South Africans through the implementation of the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHI). This study took an in-depth look at the history and progression of the post-1994 South African health care policy, and applied the Power Resources Theory to the political economy of the current health care reform process in South Africa. Through a comparative study of the pivotal elements in the phases of health reform in Canada and Sweden this study drew lessons for the design and implementation of universal public health care provision in South Africa. This study found that a strong culture of care, strong political will, active civil society participation and a focus on equality as opposed to poverty in the creation of policy is essential to a successful implementation of universal health care ...
Health,Massachusetts health officials are all set to oil the wheels of retail... The proposed changes were triggered by a recent application by CVS... Yet current regulations do not cover the operation of retail cli... There are about 500 retail-based health clinics nationwide accord... At the same time critics have warned that such retail clinics may...,Retail,Health,Clinics,Start,Shop,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Massachusetts Health Quality Partners is a broad-based coalition of physicians, hospitals, health plans, purchasers, consumers, and government agencies working together to promote improvement in the q
Fifty-eight percent of Americans favor the idea of Medicare-for-all, a form of providing universal health insurance, according to a Kaiser Family Foundation poll released Thursday.. The concept is supported by 81 percent of Democrats, while 63 percent of Republicans oppose it. Still, just 5 percent of Democrats say Medicare-for-all would be their most important factor when voting, according to the monthly survey.. Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), who is running for the Democratic presidential nomination, is the only White House candidate who has endorsed a single-payer system.. The poll also found that 7 percent of uninsured respondents knew that the open enrollment period ends on Jan. 31, with 20 percent saying they had been contacted by someone about signing up for coverage in the past six months. Forty-six percent of the uninsured said they have tried to get coverage, but that it was too expensive.. As of last week, 4.17 million had signed up for coverage on the federal exchanges before the Dec. ...
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Objectives: This study investigates the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the Salut Programme, a universal health promotion intervention, compared with care-as-usual, over the periods of pregnancy, delivery and the childs first 2 years of life.. Method: We adopted a register-based retrospective observational design using existing data sources with respect to both exposures and outcomes. Health outcomes and costs were compared between geographical areas that received care-as-usual (non-Salut area) and areas where the programme was implemented (Salut area). We included mothers and their children from both the Salut and non-Salut areas if: (1) the child was born 2002-2004 (premeasure period) or (2) the child was born 2006-2008 (postmeasure period). The effectiveness study adopted two strategies: (1) a matched difference-in-difference analysis using data from all participants and (2) a longitudinal analysis restricted to mothers who had given birth twice, that is, both in the premeasure and ...
When Sergio Espana first began talking to people, just over a year ago, about the need for fundamental changes in the U.S. healthcare system, confusion often ensued. Some people didnt understand why, if the Affordable Care Act (ACA) had passed, people still wanted to reform the system; others thought organizers were trying to sign them up for Obamacare.. Healthcare is a Human Right Maryland, the group to which Espana belongs, is in pursuit of something else: a truly universal healthcare system that would cover everyone and eliminate insurance companies once and for all. Espana and many others in the growing movement see opportunity in the renewed discussion around healthcare reform as the ACAs insurance exchanges go into effect.. They believe that the ACAs continued reliance on (and subsidies of) private insurance simply arent good enough. People are still falling through the cracks, employers are trying to dodge the requirement that they provide insurance for their workers, and many ...
11:35 am Those of us who were around during the contentious debates over President Clintons health reform proposal recall all too well why the White House was unsuccessful in getting reform passed. Even though Congress reached out to propose compromises and alternative ideas, the Administration refused to accept anything but its own plan. In the end, Congress decided that achieving nothing was better than passing severely flawed legislation.. Policymakers need to take great care not to go down that same road this time around. And, based upon current rhetoric, there is reason for concern.. Yesterday, when the Senate Health, Education Labor and Pensions Committee passed its version of reform legislation, one senator said that opponents of the bill were obviously against universal healthcare. Earlier in the day, one leading policymaker said that those who opposed the current bills emerging from the House leadership and the Senate HELP Committee were defending the status quo.. Thats simply not ...
Danish estimates of two key dimensions of health literacy are now available showing that 10-20% of the Danish population perceive difficulties in tasks related to: Ability to understand health information well enough to know what to do and Ability to actively engage with healthcare providers. In people from lower socio-economic groups, those with non-Danish ethnicity, and older people, the proportion reporting difficulties is as high as 20 to 40%. All investigated socio-economic characteristics including sex, age, the two measures of ethnicity, education, income, and cohabitation were independently associated with the two investigated health literacy dimensions.. Given that this study was undertaken in country with a universal healthcare system with multiple policies promoting patient empowerment, patient centred care, user involvement in health planning, and health communication it is concerning that a significant part of the population is reporting difficulties in functional health ...
AMWA has always placed Womens Health Issues as a priority in its Mission Statement and Goals. Many of the prior Womens Health projects of AMWA have made an impact on education and healthcare delivery in Women Health. From the AWHI international clinics to the Reproductive Health and Breast Care Curricula to the Womens Health Textbook and CME courses of the 90s, womens health has been at the forefront in the AMWA mission. And AMWA has also been active in speaking out in the policy arena for Universal Healthcare as a Womens Health issue.. ...
I would be bankrupt and dead three times over without Swedens universal healthcare system. As long as weve lived here Ive been grateful for knowing that everyone is covered, everyone has health insurance. Were a community, we help each other. Then I had reason to need that help myself.. 1. In 2010 I had HPV-induced tongue-base cancer which had spread to a lymph gland. I received six weeks of daily radiation plus weekly chemotherapy, followed by brachytherapy (radium inserted directly into where the primary tumor had been). I got a radiation burn which got infected and I was in the hospital for a week, plus another week with the brachytherapy and complications. I was on a feeding tube for three months because of extreme pain in my mouth and tongue. The cancer has shown no sign of recurring. I was charged $10/day while in the hospital to cover my food. I got heavily-subsidized food pouches for the feeding tube. I paid about $125 for all medical visits during the year, and about $225 for all ...
In todays tumultuous world, it is important for all Americans to know exactly who in Washington is standing up for our most essential needs: a clean, livable environment, quality universal healthcare, and a more just, equitable society for all. By advocating for bold solutions to our most pressing health and environmental problems, these 12 Congress members have shown they are public health and environmental champions in Washington, said Food & Water Watch Executive Director Wenonah Hauter. Were proud to be working with National Nurses United and Progressive Democrats of America to help identify those in Congress that are forwarding a strong environmental and public health vision for our country.. The progressive and dynamic dozen Congressional members sponsoring all five of these critical bills understand the deep integration between access to health care, economic justice, clean water, and the health of our planet, said Donna Smith, Executive Director, Progressive Democrats of America. ...
This week, Canada is celebrating Gender Equality Week and the strides that have been made towards a vision of a gender equal society. Gender equality doesnt just advance the well-being of women, but benefits people of all genders through peace and security, economic prosperity, health, and happiness.. In Canada, were lucky to have universal healthcare, but there are some startling facts that reveal how women arent always accessing the highest quality healthcare. Prior to the 1990s, women were not included in most medical research studies. Women are more likely to report severe and long-lasting pain, but are typically treated less aggressively than men and their pain is often dismissed as psychological or psychosocial. 270,000 women worldwide die from cervical cancer annually despite it being an entirely preventable disease.. As the BC Womens Health Foundation, our vision is healthy women everywhere, capable of anything. Here are the reasons why health equity should matter to everyone.. As ...
In a publicly funded universal healthcare system, we studied trends in encounters with rheumatologists over the past decade and observed increasing rates of access to rheumatologists within 6 and 12 months after diagnosis by a family physician. However, no such improvements were observed among patients seen within 3 months, a more favourable benchmark. We also explored whether receipt of rheumatology care was associated with patient and family physician characteristics, and measures of rheumatology supply. We found that patients of higher SES were more likely to receive timely rheumatology care, which has also been demonstrated in other Canadian provinces.29 ,30 Further, proximity to and density of rheumatologists were important determinants of timely rheumatology care.. While our results appear encouraging, 41% of patients are still not seen within 3 months of a primary care diagnosis as recommended by current guidelines. Thus, an important proportion of patients are not receiving optimal care. ...
Khalil, D., Corsten M. J., Holland M., Balram A., McDonald J. Ted, and Johnson-Obaseki S. (2019). Does socioeconomic status affect stage at presentation for larynx cancer in Canadas universal healthcare system?. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 160 (3), 488-493. Abstract ...
But lets make no mistake here: Americans, by and large, share the core values of the progressive movement. End the war in Iraq. Universal healthcare. Minimum wages. Equality of opportunity. Personal privacy and civil rights. Progressive taxation. The Republican party, only four years removed from crowing about its permanent majority, is now firmly reduced to a regional party based in the south. Once, the party of ideas, the conservative movement has nothing left but a hollow anti-tax, gay-hatin demagoguery. I dont think that the democratic majority will be permanent. This is their opportunity, however, in partnership with a Democratic president, to show the country what competence in government looks like, and to remind them that over the last century, economic prosperity has been the hallmark of Democratic administrations. If they succeed in that objective, and if Obamas administration is as well-run as his campaign was, then there is a possibility that Democratic control of congress ...
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Ask The Doctor is a member of HealthBrands®, a family of companies which promote healthy living, universal healthcare and sport. Our properties include some of the worlds most well known online health and wellness platforms. Find out more ...
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This study confirms previous studies demonstrating that patients are less likely to be lost to follow-up if they have severe forms of congenital heart disease. The study showed a significantly higher rate of successful transfer than has been previously reported. Reid et al. (Pediatrics, 2004) reported a successful transfer rate of 47% in Canada, despite universal health insurance coverage and mandatory transfer upon reaching adulthood. A further understanding of practices at centers with high successful transfer rates will be important to minimize lost-to-follow-up at other centers. Additionally, it is interesting to note that the center involved with the current study had a well-established policy for transfer of patients to adult care, but no formal transition program.. ...
The use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) is widely recognized as one of the main interventions to prevent malaria. High ITN coverage is needed to reduce transmission. Mass distribution campaigns are the fastest way to rapidly scale up ITN coverage. However, the best strategy to distribute ITNs to ensure household coverage targets are met is still under debate. This paper presents results from 14 post-campaign surveys in five African countries to assess whether the campaign strategy used had any effect on distribution outcome. Data from 13,901 households and 14 campaigns from Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, South Sudan and Uganda, were obtained through representative cross-sectional questionnaire surveys, conducted three to 16 months after ITN distribution. All evaluations used a multi-stage sampling approach and similar methods for data collection. Key outcomes examined were the proportion of households having received a net from the campaign and the proportion of households with one net for every ...
SPRINGFIELD -- With the state budget, electric rate relief, education reform and universal health insurance driving the agenda during the final days of the General Assemblys spring session, human services issues may be occupying the back seat.
At the invitation of the Government of China, the Working Group on discrimination against women in law and in practice visited the country from 12 to 19 December 2013.. In its report, the Working Group noted that for three decades, China initiated impressive reforms, resulting in exceptionally swift growth in GDP, reduction in poverty and rise in the human development index, achieving nearly half the Millennium Development Goals and passing the target for girls education. A 75 per cent reduction in the maternal mortality rate is predicted before 2015. Universal health insurance and a universal pension scheme are being established, although the level of benefits needs to be raised especially for rural women. Gender equality is guaranteed in the Constitution and national policy documents and a framework of law and policies has been established to eliminate discrimination against women, especially in employment, social security and matrimonial law and set quotas for womens representation in ...
SPRINGFIELD -- With the state budget, electric rate relief, education reform and universal health insurance driving the agenda during the final days of the General Assemblys spring session, human services issues may be occupying the back seat.
SPRINGFIELD -- With the state budget, electric rate relief, education reform and universal health insurance driving the agenda during the final days of the General Assemblys spring session, human services issues may be occupying the back seat.
SPRINGFIELD -- With the state budget, electric rate relief, education reform and universal health insurance driving the agenda during the final days of the General Assemblys spring session, human services issues may be occupying the back seat.
BACKGROUND: The role of income in cardiovascular disease prevention after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains unclear. We aimed to assess the association between income and control of cardiovascular risk factors one year after an ACS in a country with universal health insurance.. METHODS: Between 2013 and 2014, we studied 255 consecutive patients with ACS in an observational study in a university hospital in Switzerland in which self-reported household income was assessed. We classified patients into two categories based on the median income in Switzerland: higher than CHF 6000 (€ 5300) or less than or equal to CHF 6000 (€ 5300) per month. One year after discharge, patients were evaluated for the achievement of lipid and blood pressure targets, smoking cessation and drug adherence. Multivariate odds ratios (OR) were adjusted for age, sex, education, living status and working status.. RESULTS: Overall, 52.2% (n = 133) of patients with ACS were in the low-income category and 47.8% (n = ...
Studies of water-related gastrointestinal infections are usually directed at outbreaks. Few have examined endemic illness or compared rates across different water supply and sewage disposal systems. We conducted a cohort study of physician visits and hospitalizations for endemic intestinal infectious diseases in a mixed rural and urban community near Vancouver, Canada, with varied and well-characterized water and sewage systems. Cohort members and their disease events were defined via universal health insurance data from 1995 through 2003. Environmental data were derived from municipal, provincial, and federal government sources. Logistic regression was used to examine associations between disease events and water and sewage systems, socio-demographic characteristics, and temporal factors. The cohort included 126,499 individuals and approximately 190,000,000 person-days. Crude incidence rates were 1,353 physician visits and 33.8 hospitalizations for intestinal infectious diseases per 100,000 person
Daniel Akst writes to me:Bottom line is that peoples behaviors cause more than 1 million preventable deaths annually. Universal health insurance, it is estimated, would save 18,000. And the study doesnt even look at suicide and homicide, which together claim […]