1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGNACIA S. MORENO Assistant Attorney General Environment & Natural Resources Division PAUL CIRINO United States Department of Justice Environment & Natural Resources Division P.O. Box 23986 Washington, D.C. 20026-3986 Telephone: (202) 514-1542 Facsimile: (202) 514-8865 [email protected] 8 Attorneys for Defendants 9 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 10 11 FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 12 SAN FRANCISCO DIVISION 13 14 15 EL COMITÉ PARA EL BIENESTAR DE EARLIMART and ASSOCIATION OF IRRITATED RESIDENTS, 16 17 18 19 Case No. 11-cv-3779 WHA [PROPOSED] ORDER REGARDING ADJOURNMENT OF INITIAL CASE MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE Plaintiffs, vs. UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, LISA JACKSON, and JARED BLUMENFELD, 20 Defendants. 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Proposed Order 1 Case No. 11-cv-3779 WHA 1 The parties have filed a Stipulation with the Court representing that they have conflicts 2 on the date on which the Initial Case Management Conference has been scheduled. After 3 ...
On July 9, 1970, Nixon proposed an executive reorganization that consolidated many environmental responsibilities of the federal government under one agency, a new Environmental Protection Agency.[21] This proposal included merging antipollution programs from a number of departments, such as the combination of pesticide programs from the United States Department of Agriculture, Department of Interior, and U.S. Department of Interior.[22] After conducting hearings during that summer, the House and Senate approved the proposal. The EPA was created 90 days before it had to operate,[23] and officially opened its doors on December 2, 1970. The agencys first Administrator, William Ruckelshaus, took the oath of office on December 4, 1970.[11] In its first year, the EPA had a budget of $1.4 billion and 5,800 employees.[22] At its start, the EPA was primarily a technical assistance agency that set goals and standards. Soon, new acts and amendments passed by Congress gave the agency its regulatory ...
References:. Trichloroethylene. United States Environmental Protection Agency. 18 October 2013. Web. 20 May 2015.. Benzene. United States Environment Protection Agency. 18 October 2013. Web. 20 May 2015.. Sumedha, M. J., The sick building syndrome. Indian J Occup Environ Med.; 12(2): 61-64. August 2008. Web. 20 May 2015.. 15 houseplants for improving indoor air quality. Mother Nature Network.. What Are the Six Common Air Pollutants? United States Environmental Protection Agency. 22 December 2014. Web. 20 May 2015.. Main, E., Natural Air Cleaners. Rodales Organic Life. 2 April 2015. Web. 20 May 2015.. Wolverton, B. C. and J. D. Wolverton. Plants and soil microorganisms: removal of formaldehyde, xylene, and ammonia from the indoor environment. Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences 38(2), 11-15. 1993. Web. 20 May 2015.. Orwell, R.; Wood, R.; Tarran, J.; Torpy, F.; Burchett, M. Removal of Benzene by the Indoor Plant/Substrate Microcosm and Implications for Air Quality. Water, Air, and Soil ...
As part of the 50th anniversary celebration, EPA is highlighting its enforcement and compliance programs in protecting human health and the environment ...
118. Entergys argument concerning the permitting process presents a closer question, but it is ultimately not persuasive and does not undermine our conclusion that section 316(b), on its face, applies to existing facilities. The textual basis for the EPA to regulate cooling water intake structures during the periodic permitting process applicable to the discharge of pollutants is not immediately apparent. Section 402 conditions the issuance of a permit on the circumstance that a discharge will meet . . . all applicable requirements under sections 1311..[and] 1316. CWA § 402(a)(1), 33 U.S.C. § 1342(a)(1) (emphasis added). While the Phase II requirements are requirements under sections 301 and 306, they do not apply to the discharge of pollutants, and section 402 says nothing about conditioning a permit on compliance with other requirements of sections 301 and 306, i.e., requirements not relating to the discharge of pollutants. Despite this textual hiccup, the EPAs decision to use the ...
Alternative conceptions of human-nonhuman relations have exited throughout history, most prominently among Indigenous groups. ...
The United States Environmental Protection Agency is required, by the Clean Air Act, to set National Ambient Air Quality Standards for pollutants that are considered harmful to the public and the environment.. See the complete set of NAAQS.. ...
In order to assess the seasonal variations, potential sources, and health risks of heavy metals in fine particulate matter (PM2.5), PM2.5 samples (n = 96) were collected between March 2015 and February 2016 in Ningbo, China. Twelve heavy metals (Sb, As, Cd, Cr, Pb, Mn, Ni, Se, Tl, Al, Be, and Hg) found in the PM2.5 were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). We used enrichment factors and principal component analysis/absolute principal component scores (PCA/APCS) to determine the sources of these heavy metals, and models from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to assess both the carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks to adults and children. Results showed that the average annual mass concentration of the PM2.5 was 62.7 µg m-3, which exceeded the limit specified in the Chinese National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). The average annual concentrations of the Pb, Cd, and As were 57.2 ng m-3, 1.5 ng m-3, and 4.7 ng m-3, respectively, which were below
The Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) is a ruling by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that requires member states of the United States to reduce power plant emissions that contribute to ozone and/or fine particle pollution in other states. The EPA describes this rule as one that protects the health of millions of Americans by helping states reduce air pollution and attain clean air standards. The CSAPR requires 23 United States states to reduce their annual emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrous oxides (NOx) to help downwind states attain the 24-hour National Ambient Air Quality Standards, and 25 states to reduce ozone season nitrous oxide emissions to help downwind states attain the 8-hour NAAQS. The states that are required to reduce sulfur dioxide emissions are divided into two groups, both of which must reduce their emissions in 2012. Group 1 is required to make additional emissions reductions by 2014. The CSAPR has been defended by environmental groups ...
1 ALBEMARLE-PAMLICO NATIONAL ESTUARY PARTNERSHIP Annual Work Plan for October 1, 2017 - September 30, 2018 under the Cooperative Agreement for October 1, 2014 to September 30, 2020 Between The United States Environmental Protection Agency And the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality in Cooperation with the Commonwealth of Virginia Approved By APNEP Policy Board on February 24, 2017 ECU Greenville Center, Greenville, NC U.S. EPA Cooperative Agreement CE 00D20614 Region IV February24, 2017 APNEP Workplan 2017-18 February 24, 2017 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS CONTENTS & CONTACTS 3 INTRODUCTION 4 AUTHORITY 6 2016-17 PROJECTS & ACTIVITIES 8 2017-18 PROPOSED PROJECTS & ACTIVITIES 30 ADMINISTRATION AND FINANCIAL 35 FEDERAL COST SHARE (Budget) 42 NON-FEDERAL COST SHARE (Match) 45 TRAVEL 46 APPENDIX A: 2013 EPA Program Review Results 48 APPENDIX B: 2012-22 CCMP Goals and Outcomes 57 APNEP Workplan 2017-18 February 24, 2017 3 CONTENTS & CONTACTS Required Cooperative Agreement Related Contents in this ...
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a May 13th Federal Register Notice stating that it is proposing to amend the…
The United States Government realized long ago the importance of protecting lakes, streams and rivers from pollutants. In 1948 Congress passed the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. They amended it in 1972 and again in 1977, renaming it the Clean Water Act. The Clean Water Act enables the United States Environmental Protection Agency to enforce water quality and pollution control standards. Responsibility for enforcing these standards was then passed onto each individual state.. In Illinois, legislation was created to specifically state that water supply officials are responsible for protecting their water mains from connections that have the potential to allow the backflow of contaminants into their respective distribution systems. The City of Evanston is required by state law to enforce Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA) and the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) rules and regulations governing this legislation, along with our own local code.. ...
Toledo, OH - The Environmental Law & Policy Center (ELPC) today filed a new related lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio challenging the United States Environmental Protection Agencys approval of an Ohio EPA July 2018 report as legally inadequate. The Ohio EPAs 2018 report provided no effective plan for reducing phosphorus pollution into western Lake Erie which is now designated as impaired waters under the Clean Water Act.. ELPC and co-plaintiff Advocates for a Clean Lake Erie (ACLE) are seeking a judicial remedy providing a compliance plan to require progress on a specific timeline to reduce phosphorus pollution in western Lake Erie by 2025, and provide for public accountability. Phosphorus in manure and fertilizer runoff from agricultural sources is the principal cause of harmful algal blooms that have plagued Lake Erie for many years.. The Clean Water Act provides a specific legal pathway to reduce phosphorus pollution causing harmful algae ...
Preliminary Close Out Report for Imperial Refining Superfund Site September 18, 2008 Page 1 of 13 Preliminary Close Out Report Imperial Refining Superfund Site Ardmore, Carter County, Oklahoma (CERCLIS ID OK0002024099) United States Environmental Protection Agency Region 6 Superfund Division September 18, 2008 Preliminary Close Out Report for Imperial Refining Superfund Site September 18, 2008 Page 2 of 13 I. Introduction The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has completed this Preliminary Close Out Report for the Imperial Refining Superfund Site (Site) in accordance with the Close Out Procedures for National Priorities List Sites, OSWER Directive 9320.2 - 09A-P, and in recognition of the completion of the remedy construction consistent with the Record of Decision (ROD). This determination is based on review of Site data, field inspections and oversight, and three pre-final inspections (August 6, 2008; August 13, 2008; and September 10, 2008) conducted by the Oklahoma Department of ...
Preliminary Close Out Report for Imperial Refining Superfund Site September 18, 2008 Page 1 of 13 Preliminary Close Out Report Imperial Refining Superfund Site Ardmore, Carter County, Oklahoma (CERCLIS ID OK0002024099) United States Environmental Protection Agency Region 6 Superfund Division September 18, 2008 Preliminary Close Out Report for Imperial Refining Superfund Site September 18, 2008 Page 2 of 13 I. Introduction The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has completed this Preliminary Close Out Report for the Imperial Refining Superfund Site (Site) in accordance with the Close Out Procedures for National Priorities List Sites, OSWER Directive 9320.2 - 09A-P, and in recognition of the completion of the remedy construction consistent with the Record of Decision (ROD). This determination is based on review of Site data, field inspections and oversight, and three pre-final inspections (August 6, 2008; August 13, 2008; and September 10, 2008) conducted by the Oklahoma Department of ...
Preliminary Close Out Report for Imperial Refining Superfund Site September 18, 2008 Page 1 of 13 Preliminary Close Out Report Imperial Refining Superfund Site Ardmore, Carter County, Oklahoma (CERCLIS ID OK0002024099) United States Environmental Protection Agency Region 6 Superfund Division September 18, 2008 Preliminary Close Out Report for Imperial Refining Superfund Site September 18, 2008 Page 2 of 13 I. Introduction The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has completed this Preliminary Close Out Report for the Imperial Refining Superfund Site (Site) in accordance with the Close Out Procedures for National Priorities List Sites, OSWER Directive 9320.2 - 09A-P, and in recognition of the completion of the remedy construction consistent with the Record of Decision (ROD). This determination is based on review of Site data, field inspections and oversight, and three pre-final inspections (August 6, 2008; August 13, 2008; and September 10, 2008) conducted by the Oklahoma Department of ...
Glyphosate has a United States Environmental Protection Agency‎ Toxicity Class of III in 1993,[34] . It has been rated as class I (Severe) for eye irritation. Glyphosate is being evaluated for effects to unborn fetuses and their development. It is currently on the USEPA Endocrine Disrupter Screening list, published in 2007.[36][37]. Outside its intended use, glyphosate can be lethal. For example, with intentional poisonings there is approximately a 10% mortality for those ingesting glyphosate, compared to 70% for those ingesting paraquat.[38]. Laboratory toxicology studies suggest that other ingredients combined with glyphosate may have greater toxicity than glyphosate alone. For example, a study comparing glyphosate and Roundup found that Roundup had a greater effect on aromatase than glyphosate alone.[9]. Statistics from the California Environmental Protection Agencys Pesticide Illness Surveillance Program indicate that glyphosate-related incidents are one of the highest reported of all ...
Alabama is no stranger to chemical spills and government-monitored cleanups. In fact, the state currently has 18 sites on the United States Environmental Protection Agencys Superfund cleanup map.In an AL.com story today from environmental reporter Ben Raines, a 2008 mercaptan...
One component of the United States Environmental Protection Agencys (EPA) study of the potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing on drinking water resources is prospective case studies, which are being conducted to more fully understand and assess if and how site specific hydraulic fracturing practices may impact drinking water resources.1 The retrospective case studies, addressed in a separate EPA presentation for this workshop, focus on investigating and assessing reported instances of drinking water contamination in areas where hydraulic fracturing activities have already occurred. The prospective case studies will be forward looking and will allow for the collaborative design and development of a research program that will include sampling and characterization of the site before, during and after drilling, injection of the fracturing fluid, flowback and production.. ...
Methods to collect water samples and analyze them for Cryptosporidium and Giardia have improved dramatically since 1992. Currently, we use the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approved Method 1623.1 to analyze samples. Prior to switching to new and improved methods, we conduct validation studies to demonstrate that new methods recommended by the EPA provide more accurate and consistent results. Since recoveries from one method to the next have improved, results from the different methods may not be comparable. For reference, our method history includes ASTM D-19 P229 from 1992 to 1998, EPA ICR method from 1999 to 2000, and EPA 1623 from October 2001 to 2015. Our current method, EPA Method 1623.1, was implemented in April 2015. This method provides significantly better recovery and identification of Giardia and Cryptosporidium. Our Pathogen Laboratory is approved by the State of New Hampshire to perform Method 1623.1 under the Laboratory Quality Assurance Evaluation Program for ...
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) has been in the process of conducting a reassessment of the health damaging effects of dioxin exposure for the past decade. In 2000, the agency published a draft risk characterization that attributed a 1 in 1000 upper-bound excess cancer risk to average background levels of dioxin exposure.. Several federal government agencies, including: the US Department of Agriculture, the US Food and Drug Administration, the US Department of Health and Human Services, and the EPA, are represented on the Interagency Working Group on Dioxin. These parties have developed a paper entitled Questions and Answers About Dioxins that provides basic information for the public on the matter of exposure and adverse health effects.. The Institute of Medicine (IoM) published, Dioxins and Dioxin-Like Compounds in the Food Supply: Strategies to Decrease Exposure , in 2003. The critical message of this report is that current levels of dioxins and dioxin-like ...
Recently, the United States Environmental Protection Agency decided to regulate perchlorate under the Safe Drinking Water Act. Recent research has shown perchlorate to have potential endocrine disrupting effects in humans, with possible effects on the thyroid. Given perchlorate levels in water, the EPA has determined that there is an opportunity for health risk due to perchlorate levels.
A. INCORPORATION OF FEDERAL STANDARDS. The San Luis Obispo County Air Pollution Control District (District) hereby adopts and incorporates by reference the provisions of 40 CFR Part 72, Permits Regulation, for the purposes of implementing an acid rain program that meets the requirements of Title IV of the federal Clean Air Act. The effective date of this Rule shall be that date on which the District receives approval from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for the Title V program as set forth in Rule 216, Federal Part 70 Permits. Those provisions of 40 CFR Part 72 to be incorporated here are those which are in effect on the effective date of this Rule.. B. APPLICABILITY. The provisions of this Rule shall apply to any acid rain source, as defined in 40 CFR Part 72. If the provisions or requirements of Part 72 conflict with or are not included in Rule 216, the Part 72 provisions and requirements shall apply and take precedence.. C. DEFINITIONS. For the purposes of this Rule, ...
For the Full Report in PDF Form, please click here. [Illustrations, footnotes and references available in PDF version] UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Docket No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2009-0171 Endangerment and Cause or Contribute Findings for Greenhouse Gases under Section 202(a) of the Clean Air Act 74 Fed. Reg. 66496 (Dec. 15, 2009) PETITION FOR RECONSIDERATION BY PEABODY ENERGY COMPANY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ...
Case: 15-3751 Document: 72-3 Filed: 02/22/2016 Page: 1 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT Nos. 15-3751/ 3799/ 3817/ 3820/ 3822/ 3823/ 3831/ 3837/ 3839/ 3850/ 3853/ 3858/ 3885/ 3887/ 3948 / 4159/ 4162/ 4188/ 4211/ 4234/ 4305/ 4404 IN RE: UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY FINAL RULE: CLEAN WATER RULE: DEFINITION OF WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES, 80 FED. REG. 37,054 (JUNE 29, 2015). __________________________________________________________ FILED Feb 22, 2016 DEBORAH S. HUNT, Clerk MURRAY ENERGY CORPORATION (15-3751); STATE OF OHIO, et al. (15-3799); NATIONAL WILDLIFE FEDERATION (15-3817); NATURAL RESOURCES DEFENSE COUNCIL, INC. (15-3820); STATE OF OKLAHOMA (15-3822); CHAMBER OF COMMERCE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, et al. (15-3823); STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA, et al. (15-3831); WATERKEEPER ALLIANCE INC., et al. (15-3837); PUGET SOUNDKEEPER ALLIANCE, et al. (15-3839); AMERICAN FARM BUREAU FEDERATION, et al. (15-3850); STATE OF ...
Federal and state law requires that certain protections be provided to those that handle pesticides. The Worker Protection Standard provides a set of guidelines for employers to follow that not only protect their workers but also protect themselves. Anyone that is found not to be in compliance with the Worker Protection Standard is guilty of a Class II Misdemeanor and may be subject to further civil penalty. Although state and federal law require certain protections to be afforded to those individuals that are commercial handlers, the Worker Protection Standard provides sound practices to protect you and your employees from potential health risks associated with pesticide exposure. You are urged to obtain further information regarding the Worker Protection Standard.. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Region ...
Federal and state law requires that certain protections be provided to those that handle pesticides. The Worker Protection Standard provides a set of guidelines for employers to follow that not only protect their workers but also protect themselves. Anyone that is found not to be in compliance with the Worker Protection Standard is guilty of a Class II Misdemeanor and may be subject to further civil penalty. Although state and federal law require certain protections to be afforded to those individuals that are commercial handlers, the Worker Protection Standard provides sound practices to protect you and your employees from potential health risks associated with pesticide exposure. You are urged to obtain further information regarding the Worker Protection Standard.. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Region ...
Ultrafine particulate matter (UFP) refers to particles with diameters less than 0.1 microns. They have known adverse health effects. Currently they are not regulated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. Thus air districts are not required to monitor UFP. The Bay Area Air Quality Management District recognizes that monitoring UFP levels in the Bay Area, identifying their emission sources and assessing their health impacts are important. In 2011, the Air District established a comprehensive program to study UFP. As part of this program, the Air District began making measurements at four air monitoring stations - Santa Rosa (now Sebastopol), San Pablo, Livermore, and Redwood City. The number of measurement sites has since increased to include Oakland (Laney College) and San Jose, with Berkeley expected to be online soon. These newer locations are part of a near-roadway measurement effort. At each station, the number of particles in a specified volume of air is counted every ...
1Biotoxins (biologically-derived) or those that are from plant, animal or bacterial sources which do not contain any infectious substances or toxins that are not contained in substances which are infectious substances meet Category 6.1 classification and are hazardous chemicals that MUST be shipped by designated EHS personnel. Contact EHS before shipping any biotoxin.. 2You may print and affix to your shipment using packing tape.. 3The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) requires newly synthesized chemicals to be registered with the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). UVA is exempt from the (TSCA) reporting requirements for newly synthesized chemicals as long as certain requirements are met.. 4Carrier Liability and Declared Value Coverage: Per the UVA Office of Risk Management, when shipping research samples for laboratory testing via a common commercial company, such as FedEx, it is advised that the shipper purchase additional insurance to ensure adequate monetary coverage in ...
If one was really interested in determining the body burden of mercury they would perform the urinary porphyrin profile analysis (UPPA). Porphyrins are precursors to heme, the oxygen carrying component of blood. Mercury inhibits the conversion of specific porphyrins to heme. This test is backed by decades of published research. Recently it was shown in two published, peer-reviewed studies, that mercury inhibited porphyrins were significantly higher in autistic patients when compared to age matched controls (1)(2). The other way to test for mercury in the body is by using a provoking agent and measuring mercury in the urine. ...... Dr. Fombonne refers to the amount of mercury in vaccines as trace. Again, if he were a toxicologist or chemist, he would realize that the concentration of mercury in a multi-dose vaccine vial is 250 times higher than what the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) classifies as hazardous waste.. I discuss the British findings, briefly, in Chapter Twelve, ...
Toxicogenomics is a field of science that deals with the collection, interpretation, and storage of information about gene and protein activity within particular cell or tissue of an organism in response to toxic substances. Toxicogenomics combines toxicology with genomics or other high throughput molecular profiling technologies such as transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics[1][2]. Toxicogenomics endeavors to elucidate molecular mechanisms evolved in the expression of toxicity, and to derive molecular expression patterns (i.e., molecular biomarkers) that predict toxicity or the genetic susceptibility to it.. This broad definition is supported by the United States Environmental Protection Agency stating that the term genomics encompasses a broader scope of scientific inquiry and associated technologies than when genomics was initially considered. A genome is the sum total of all an individual organisms genes. Thus, genomics is the study of all the genes of a cell, or tissue, at the DNA ...
United States Environmental Protection Agency , US EPA, · Sulfur 7664939 Sulfuric Acid 26140603 Terphenyl 994058 tert-Amyl Methyl Ether 75650 tert-Butanol (2-Propanol, 2-Methyl-) 540885 tert-Butyl Acetate 75661 tert-Butyl Mercaptan 26914330 Tetrachlorobiphenyl 127184 Tetrachloroethylene 78002 Tetraethyl LeadEngineering360, · Engineering360 is a search engine and information resource for the engineering, industrial and technical communities. We help you quickly find industrial parts, specifications and services. The Grappler Bumper Posted in General Discussion Finally a safe solution for motorists who refuse to stop for police....I know weve had discussions about this particular problem over the years, well.....Fernald Feed Materials Production Center, · The Fernald Feed Materials Production Center (commonly referred to simply as Fernald or later NLO) is a Superfund site located within Crosby Township in Hamilton County, Ohio, as well as Ross Township in Butler County, Ohio. It was a uranium ...
The 20 Best Air Purifiers Did you know that indoor air can be more polluted than outdoor air? According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) information, our indoor air may be 2-5 times more polluted than the air outside. Indoor air pollutants can cause asthma attacks, as well as itchy eyes, sneezing, and runny nose. Radon and tobacco smoke can cause even more dangerous health effects, including lung cancer, according to the American Lung Association. The good news is that you can make your indoor air healthier by filtering out allergens, odors, and other pollutants from your space […]. Continue reading→ ...
IDEM began blue-green algae sampling the week of May 15 and will end the week of August 28. IDEM samples for blue-green algae and analyzes those samples for the type and quantity of blue-green algae present and for the following toxins which may be produced by certain types of blue-green algae: microcystin, cylindrospermopsin (only done if species that produce it are present) and anatoxin-a. For protection of human health from exposure to the algae and any of the toxins, cyanobacteria will be compared to the World Health Organization (WHO) and United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidelines. WHO guidelines recommend using an action level of 100,000 cells/ml of cyanobacteria to post recreational advisory signs. New USEPA guidelines for microcystins recommend posting recreational advisories at 4 μg/l and DNR will issue an additional advisory at 4μg/l. Swimming will be prohibited at 20 μg/l, consistent with WHO guidelines. DNR will use the USEPA recommended cylindrospermopsin ...
Funding This research has been funded wholly or in part by the United States Environmental Protection Agency through STAR (Science to Achieve Results) grant RD 832415 to the University of Rochester. It has not been subjected to the Agencys required peer and policy review and therefore does not necessarily reflect the views of the Agency and no official endorsement should be inferred. This study was supported in part by a grant from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) to the German Centre for Diabetes Research (DZD e.V.). The KORA research platform (KORA, Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg) and the MONICA Augsburg studies were initiated and financed by the Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Centre for Environmental Health (formerly GSF, National Research Centre for Environment and Health), which is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and by the State of Bavaria. ...
In assessing exposure to indoor air contaminants, the understanding of population water-use behavior for indoor water-use activities as a function of demographic characteristics is vital to obtaining realistic exposure estimates. In response to the need for more specific and usable population based water-use data for exposure modeling, new data sources have been analyzed. Frequencies, durations, volumes and flowrates of showers, baths, clothes washers, dishwashers, toilets and faucets are presented, derived from analyses of the National Human Activities Pattern Survey (NHAPS) database, the Residential End Uses of Water Study (REUWS) database, the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) as well as from current literature and manufacturer information. Distribution parameters for water use behaviors are identified for use as inputs for modeling exposure to water borne contaminants. The work has been funded wholly or in part by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and has been ...
Less] For 20 years, many articles report the presence of new compounds, called emerging compounds, . . . [More] For 20 years, many articles report the presence of new compounds, called emerging compounds, in wastewater and aquatic environments. The US EPA (United States - Environmental Protection Agency) defines emerging pollutants as new chemicals without regulatory status and which impact on environment and human health are poorly understood. The objective of this work was to identify data on emerging pollutants concentrations in wastewater, in influent and effluent from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and to determine the performance of sewage disposal. We collected 44 publications in our database. We sought especially for data on phthalates, Bisphenol A and pharmaceuticals (including drugs for human health and disinfectants). We gathered concentration data and chose 50 pharmaceutical molecules, six phthalates and Bisphenol A. The concentrations measured in the influent ranged from ...
The intertidal zone-a transitional boundary between terrestrial and marine environments-has important ecological functions, and receives polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from human activities, but how and to what extent anthropogenic factors influence the distribution of PAHs in this important niche remain largely unknown. Here we measured the distribution of United States Environmental Protection Agency priority PAHs in samples of intertidal sediments from across more than 4,500 km of Chinas coastline. The total PAH concentrations ranged from 2.3 to 1,031.7 ng g−1 sediment (dry weight) and all PAHs showed positive correlations with total organic carbon (TOC). TOC-normalized high-molecular-weight (HMW) PAH concentrations, but not TOC-normalized low-molecular-weight (LMW) PAHs, were positively correlated with TOC. Moreover, population size and economic development influenced TOC-normalized HMW PAH concentrations, whereas urbanization had a major influence on TOC-normalized LMW PAHs. Human
Recent research has emphasized the importance of using physical, chemical, and biological indicators of stream health for diagnosing impaired watersheds and their receiving water bodies. A multidisciplinary team at the University of Minnesota is carrying out research to develop a stream classification system for Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) assessment. Funding for this research is provided by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency. One objective of the research study involves investigating the relationships between indicators of stream health and localized stream characteristics. Measured data from Minnesota streams collected by various government and non-government agencies and research institutions have been obtained for the research study. Innovative Geographic Information Systems tools developed by the Environmental Science Research Institute and the University of Texas are being utilized to combine and organize the data. Simple linear
Effective and affordable arsenic removal from drinking water has become a significant issue recently. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has promulgated a new maximum contaminant level (MCL) for arsenic in drinking water which will take effect in January 2004. The current arsenic MCL of 50 micrograms per liter (ugll) was set by the United sates Public Health Service in 1943 and has not been reduced in nearly 60 years. Arsenic has been linked to various types of cancers, prompting EPA to change the standard. Due to the fact many water systems, especially small water utilities serving less than 10,000 people, will be impacted by a reduced standard much research is currently being done to fmd treatment technologies affordable enough for small water systems to implement and maintain. Many small water utilities lack the financial and technical resources required to construct and maintain centrally located water treatment facilities capable of removing arsenic. For this reason, many small
Sustainability is inherent to the GOJO Purpose, Saving Lives and Making Life Better Through Well-Being Solutions. Through leading and learning, GOJO team members collaborate with customers, suppliers, partners and communities on how we can all work together to create a brighter future and healthier world.. One such collaboration is our relationship with the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)s Safer Choice Program, which partners with businesses to help advance the use of safer products and technologies. And, Im proud to share that GOJO has been named a 2017 EPA Safer Choice Partner of the Year. Living our Purpose not only has a positive impact on public health and the world in which we live, but it also allows us to find new ways to innovate to create Sustainable Value for all GOJO stakeholders. One such innovation is our PURELL® Surface Disinfecting and Sanitizing Sprays. We developed our new PURELL® Surface Disinfecting and Sanitizing Sprays based on the principles of the ...
Introduction. In recent years the release of various harmful heavy metal ions into the environment has attracted great attention worldwide because of their toxicity and widespread use. Mercury(II) is among those which are of great concern (Byüyüktiryaki et al., 2007). It is a widely-distributed environmental pollutant in aqueous environments and its toxicity to humans and animals even at low concentrations is well known. Mercury(II) is included in all lists of priority pollutants as a result, and different regulations and guidelines have been developed for monitoring its levels in water and sediments (Hayes, 1997). Considering the extreme toxicity of mercury, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has mandated an upper limit of 10 nM (2 000 ng/ℓ) for Hg2+ in drinking water (EPA 2001).. The toxicity of mercury depends considerably on its chemical form and, as such, analytical methods that are capable of distinguishing between the various forms of mercury and other competing ...
Brad Eleven writes The AP reports that the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has invoked executive privilege to justify withholding information in its response to a lawsuit. The state of California is challenging the agencys decision to block their attempt to curb the emissions f...
Rachel Colangelo -. Global warming and climate change have been a hot topic of discussion for a while now. With increasing weather abnormalities and poor air quality becoming normal, we need to be on the lookout for ways that we can reverse these affects.. Since Kentucky is an inland state, many people assume climate change is not a big concern. Nothing could be further from the truth. The United States Environmental Protection Agency issued an article stating key concerns for the state of Kentucky alone.. In this article, the EPA said climate change will increase flooding and droughts in our region.. In the coming decades, the changing climate is likely to reduce crop yields and threaten some aquatic ecosystems. Floods may be more frequent, and droughts may be longer, which would increase the difficulty of meeting the competing demands for water in the Ohio, Tennessee, and Cumberland rivers, the article reads.. This means that the heating of our planet is the direct trigger for summer ...
Sulfur Oxides Risk and Exposure Assessment Planning Document for Primary (Health-based) National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)
Hundreds of studies have already demonstrated the severely deleterious health effects of living near radio and microwave broadcast towers. Also, review the information on irrelevance of present SAR standards. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) itself acknowledges that current Federal Communications Commission (FCC) radiation protection standards are inadequate and do not account for all possible harmful effects of RFR, in particular the non-thermal effects that are of particular relevance to the radiation utilized by WiFi. In a July 16, 2002 letter from Norbert Hankin of the EPAs Center for Science and Risk Assessment, Radiation Protection Division to Janet Newton, President of The EMR Network, Mr. Hankin writes: The FCCs current exposure guidelines, as well as those of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection, are thermally based, and do not apply to chronic, non-thermal exposure ...
Monday, November 15th, 2010 A growing number of governments, organizations, and authorities are recognizing multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) as an illness induced by toxic substances.. MCS is an acquired illness that begins with a chemical poisoning event, either from an acute exposure or long-term chronic exposure to a toxic substance. Once the initial poisoning occurs, the condition is triggered by low-level exposure to airborne agents and other toxic substances such as perfumes, fragranced products, cleansers, pesticides, mold, solvents, and new building materials.. The United States Environmental Protection Agency defines MCS as a diagnostic label for people who suffer multi-system illnesses as a result of contact with, or proximity to, a variety of airborne agents and other substances.. MCS often becomes disabling because the triggering chemicals are pervasive in the everyday environment. Various governments, organizations, and authorities have recognized the serious nature of MCS and ...
Phthalates are endocrine disruptors frequently occurring in general and industrial environment and in may industrial products. Moreover, they are also suspected of being carcinogenic, teratogenic, and mutagenic and they show diverse toxicity profiles depending on their structures. The European Union and United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) have included many phthalates into the list of priority substances with potentially endocrine disrupting action. Namely they are: dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), butylbenzyl phthalate (BBP), diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), di-iso-nonyl phthalates (DINP), di-iso-decyl phthalate (DIDP), di-n-decyl phthalate (DNDP), and dioctyl phthalate (DOP). There is an ever increasing demand for new analytical methods suitable for monitoring of different phthalates in various environmental, biological and other matrices. Separation and spectrometric methods are most frequently used. However, modern electroanalytical ...
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has the authority to regulate the public water systems. The EPA does not have the jurisdiction to regulate private drinking water wells. This leaves approximately fifteen percent of the nations population without any regulation being held in place to protect their source of drinking water. With that fifteen percent of the US population having private wells for drinking water, it makes the number of people whose drinking water is unprotected by regulation at a little over 15 million US households. This concern is even more acute in areas with groundwater that is close to the surface. Delaware residents live in a region with low elevation which is very close to the coast with low elevation and the shallow groundwater makes us concern about contaminated well water even more intense. As one of the Water Resources Program partners, we have offered free Drinking Water Quality Clinics to local well owners over the past 4 years in Delaware State
ABSTRACT. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has the authority to regulate the public water systems. The EPA does not have the jurisdiction to regulate private drinking water wells. This leaves approximately fifteen percent of the nations population without any regulation being held in place to protect their source of drinking water. With that fifteen percent of the US population having private wells for drinking water, it makes the number of people whose drinking water is unprotected by regulation at a little over 15 million US households. This concern is even more acute in areas with groundwater that is close to the surface. Delaware residents live in a region with low elevation which is very close to the coast with low elevation and the shallow groundwater makes us concern about contaminated well water even more intense. As one of the Water Resources Program partners, we have offered free Drinking Water Quality Clinics to local well owners over the past 4 years in ...
In its assessment of chloramine toxicity to marine invertebrates, Environment Canada (the Canadian equivalent of the United States Environmental Protection Agency, EPA) determined the Estimated No-Effects Value (ENEV) based on this type of data to be 0.002 ppm-Cl for marine and estuarine environments.. How much chloramine should one allow into an aquarium? That, of course, depends on what is in the aquarium. In the absence of knowing the toxicity of chloramine to every inhabitant of the aquarium (or of even knowing the identity of every inhabitant), it seems prudent to have chloramine levels far below those where the most sensitive organisms are killed, and that chloramine concentration is somewhere well below 0.005 ppm-Cl. The value suggested by Environment Canada seems like a reasonable maximum. There is, however, substantial uncertainty in deciding exactly which levels are acceptable and which are not, since there is so little data available. Perhaps the acceptable levels for daily exposures ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Bed bugs and possible transmission of human pathogens. T2 - a systematic review. AU - Lai, Olivia. AU - Ho, Derek. AU - Glick, Sharon. AU - Jagdeo, Jared. PY - 2016/10/1. Y1 - 2016/10/1. N2 - The global population of bed bugs (Cimex lectularius and Cimex hemipterus, family Cimicidae) has undergone a significant resurgence since the late 1990s. This is likely due to an increase in global travel, trade, and the number of insecticide-resistant bed bugs. The global bed bug population is estimated to be increasing by 100-500 % annually. The worldwide spread of bed bugs is concerning, because they are a significant socioeconomic burden and a major concern to public health. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, bed bugs are a pest of significant health importance. Additionally, 68 % of U.S. pest professionals reported that bed bugs are the most challenging pest to treat. Upwards of 45 disease pathogens have been reported in bed bugs. Recent studies report ...
This image shows urban background ethylene oxide concentrations across the United States as well as air concentrations of ethylene oxide corresponding to various excess risk levels within the United States Environmental Protection Agencys acceptable excess risk range.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Dispersal of pink bollworm (Lepidoptera. T2 - Gelechiidae) males in transgenic cotton that produces a Bacillus thuringiensis toxin. AU - Tabashnik, B. E.. AU - Patin, A. L.. AU - Dennehy, T. J.. AU - Liu, Y. B.. AU - Miller, E.. AU - Staten, R. T.. PY - 1999/1/1. Y1 - 1999/1/1. N2 - To delay evolution of pest resistance to transgenic cotton that produces Bacillus thuringiensis toxin Cry1Ac (Bt cotton), refuges composed of cotton that does not produce Cry1Ac (non-Bt cotton) are mandated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. One critical assumption of this strategy is that susceptible adults emerging from non-Bt cotton refuges mate with resistant adults emerging from Bt cotton, which requires movement of adults between Bt cotton and non-Bt cotton. To better understand movements of pink bollworm, the key lepidopteran pest of cotton in Arizona, we analyzed the distribution of wild males and dispersal of sterile males during 1997 on a 259-ha block of a commercial farm ...
WASHINGTON (April 28, 2020) - Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and State of Indiana announced that recent air monitoring data show the city of Indianapolis, and the areas of Muncie, Lake and Porter counties are meeting federal air quality standards.. EPA and the Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) are formally redesignating the Indianapolis area to attainment of the 2010 sulfur dioxide air quality standard, the Muncie area to attainment of the 2008 lead standard, and proposing to redesignate Lake and Porter counties to attainment for the 2008 ground-level ozone standard. Three years of air monitoring data show these areas now meet these National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) set to protect public health. Under President Trumps leadership we are working hard to bring areas into attainment with our air quality standards, said EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler. Todays action recognizes the fact that people in these counties in Indiana are now ...
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) implemented the 1-hour National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ozone in 1990. Under this standard, the ozone threshold value was 125 parts per billion (ppb), measured as one-hour average concentration. An area met this ozone NAAQS if there were no more than three exceedances at any one monitor in the region in a three-year period.. Four counties in the North Central Texas (NCT) region were designated as nonattainment for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS in 1991. Those counties were Collin, Dallas, Denton, and Tarrant. On June 15, 2005, the 1-hour ozone NAAQS was revoked and replaced by the 8-hour ozone NAAQS. (see 1997 Ozone NAAQS).. On October 31, 2006, the region demonstrated attainment of the 1-hour ozone NAAQS , although it continues to be monitored due to EPAs anti-backsliding requirements. On October 16, 2008, the EPA issued a determination of attainment for the four one-hour nonattainment counties in NCT. ...
Waukesha County Mental Health Center of Waukesha, WI ratings and quality report. Compare Waukesha County Mental Health Center to other nearby hospitals in Wisconsin.
The core of the Administrators rationale for tightening the ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) that is articulated in the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Proposed Rule (79 Fed. Reg. 75234), is based on clinical studies of lung function responses to various levels of ozone. The specific measurement of lung function discussed is forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and FEV1 changes are the lung function impact for which the Health Risk and Exposure Assessment (HREA) document provides quantitative risk estimates under alternative ozone NAAQS levels.. Analysis by Dr. Anne E. Smith and Dr. Garrett Glasgow finds that there is a large degree of both statistical and model uncertainty in the lung function decrements reported in the HREA, and that uncertainty undercuts the confidence in the projected reductions in lung function impacts that are described in the Proposed Rule.. ...
The city of Shreveport, La., has agreed to make significant upgrades to reduce overflows from its sanitary sewer system and pay a $650,000 civil penalty to resolve Clean Water Act (CWA) violations stemming from illegal discharges of raw sewage, the Department of Justice and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced today. The state of Louisiana, a co-plaintiff in this case, will receive half of the civil penalty. When wastewater systems overflow, they can release raw sewage and other pollutants, threatening water quality and potentially contributing to disease outbreaks. To come into compliance with the CWA, the city estimates it will spend approximately $342 million over the next 12 years in order to improve the sewer systems condition. While the city upgrades the system, it will also implement a program for capacity management, operation, and maintenance to help reduce sanitary sewer overflows. The key provisions of this settlement will eliminate overflows of raw sewage in ...
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing a 60-day public comment period for the External Review Draft of ``Microbial Risk Assessment Guideline: Pathogenic Microorganisms with Focus on Food and in Water. EPA developed the Guideline in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety Inspection Service (USDA/FSIS) and with scientists from other Federal agencies. This draft document is being released solely for the purpose of seeking public comment prior to peer review. The document will undergo independent peer review during an expert peer review meeting, which will be convened, organized, and conducted by an EPA contractor in 2011. The date of the external peer review meeting will be announced in a subsequent Federal Register notice. All comments received by the docket closing date September 26, 2011 will be shared with the external peer review panel for their consideration. Comments received after the close of the comment period may be considered by the ...
The Environmental Protection Agency has proposed rules to strengthen the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for two primary pollutants under the Clean Air Act: sulfur dioxide and ozone pollution (smog).
The Environmental Protection Agency extends comment periods for proposed rules: Formaldehyde Emissions Standards for Composite Wood Products for 30 days, and Third Party Certification Framework for the Formaldehyde Standards for Composite Wood Products for 30 days. Public comments are now due October 9, 2013 and September 25, 2013, respectively. On June 10, 2013, EPA issued proposed rules in the Federal Register concerning formaldehyde emissions standards for composite wood products. Todays Federal Register notices extend the comment periods from September 9, 2013 to October 9, 2013 for the Formaldehyde Emissions standards for Composite Wood Products proposed rule, and from August 26th, 2013 to September 25, 2013 for the Third-Party Certification Framework for the Formaldehyde Standards for Composite Wood Products proposed rule. EPA had received numerous requests for an extension.. The proposed rule will implement the statutory formaldehyde emission standards for hardwood plywood, ...
SACRAMENTO - California Attorney General Xavier Becerra and the California Air Resources Board (CARB), leading a multistate coalition, filed comments demanding that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) withdraw its proposed rule delaying by four years implementation of a critical regulation that would reduce emissions from landfills. Landfills are the third-largest source of methane emissions - a pollutant with a global warming potential that is 84 times more potent than carbon dioxide over a 20-year timeframe.
A Virginia Tech graduate student has received a U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys Science to Achieve Results or STAR program fellowship for outstanding environmental research.. Laura Schoenle of Buffalo, New York, a Ph.D. student in biological sciences in the College of Science, received the award for studying stress hormones and disease in red-winged blackbirds. Schoenle is also a fellow in the new Interfaces of Global Change interdisciplinary graduate education program funded by the Graduate School with support from the Fralin Life Science Institute.. Human-induced factors including climate change, habitat degradation, and pollution can affect the health of birds. Schoenle is interested in how mercury contamination affects the levels of a stress hormone called glucocorticoid in birds. High levels of this stress hormone tells you that a bird is under resource demand, and therefore might be more susceptible to disease, said Schoenle, who is also an Institute for Critical Technology and ...
Can a man rape an ocean?. A few months ago a so-called geo-engineer named Russ George did just that. He spewed 100 tons of iron sulphate into the sea in an attempt to breed plankton in a scientifically suspect effort to capitalize on carbon credits.. Sea Shepherd is very familiar with Mr. George.. We stopped him in the Galapagos in 2007. We stopped him in Bermuda, Madeira, and the Canary Islands in 2008. We helped to drive him into bankruptcy in 2009.. Now hes back.. This criminal polluter has managed to do off the coast of Western Canada the very thing we stopped him from doing off South America and Africa.. Satellite images have confirmed that George has spawned an artificial plankton bloom that is covering 10,000 square kilometers. He did this by dumping 100 tonnes of iron sulphate in the Pacific Ocean in an eddy 200 nautical miles west of the Canadian islands of Haida Gwaii.. Back in August 2007, the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society worked with the United States Environmental Protection ...
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The Environmental Protection Agency said Aug. 23 that it will delay finalizing its air quality standards for ozone until October so it can continue to analyze information it received during the public comment period. Issuing of the final national ambient air quality standards for ozone had been expected in August. EPA remains committed to protecting public health from the dangers of ground-level ozone, a key component of smog, EPA said in its statement. We are continuing to carefully consider the proposed options and the information we received during the public comment period on the January 2010 proposal. There will be a slight delay in finalizing our decision on any new ozone standards. We expect to finalize the standards towards the end of October 2010. We have spoken with the litigants and have updated the court on our status. EPA agreed to voluntarily reconsider the ozone air standards, set in 2008, after several states and environmental groups filed lawsuits in the U.S. Court of ...
Air quality models are increasingly used to develop estimates of dry and wet deposition of sulfate and nitrate in watersheds (because of lack of measurements) in an effort to determine the acidifying deposition load into the aquatic systems. These models need to be rigorously evaluated to ensure that one can rely on the modeled quantities instead of the measured quantities. In the United State (U.S.), these models have been proposed for use in establishing national standards based on modeled quantities. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is considering aquatic acidification as the main ecological endpoint of concern in determining the secondary national ambient air quality standards for nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides. Acidification is tied to depositions of sulfur and nitrogen, which are linked to ambient concentrations of the elements. As EPA proposes to use a chemical transport model in linking deposition to ambient concentration, it is important to investigate how the currently used
Although it has been known for more than half a century that plants release a plethora of non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs), it was not until the mid-1980s that scientists firmly established the links between ozone formation/destruction and ambient NMHCs. Owing to their high reactivity, it is now well known that NMHCs can augment ozone formation in environments rich in nitrogen oxides. In jurisdictions such as the northeastern part of North America, this is a serious environmental issue as summer-time ozone levels frequently exceed the National Ambient Air Quality Standard set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. I have conducted research to separate the contribution of biogenic precursors to ozone formation. My most active research area concerns field and theoretical investigations involving turbulent transport theory and chemical processing of biogenic NMHCs inside and above forests. My early work on this topic involved the development of measurement protocols to investigate the ...
Conservation groups rally together to voice support for fish and wildlife habitat, wetlands, and headwater streams. Conservation groups are opposing the Administrations rollback of the 2015 Clean Water Rule, which was finalized today. The Administrations action will leave roughly 50 percent of wetlands and 60 percent of stream miles across the country vulnerable to pollution and destruction. The 2015 Clean Water Rule had clarified longstanding Clean Water Act protections for millions of acres of wetlands and many headwater streams that protect communities from flooding, contribute to the drinking water supplies of one in three Americans, and provide essential fish and wildlife habitat that supports a robust outdoor recreation economy worth $887 billion.. Sportsmen and women are outside every day experiencing the benefits of clean water, says Whit Fosburgh, president and CEO of the Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership. Rolling back these protections for wetlands and headwater streams ...
The average PM2.5 level in 78 restaurants before the implementation of the SFA law was 126 μg/m3. The level was five times higher than the WHO guideline level for 24 h exposure of 25 μg/m3 (WHO, 2006). The level was also 3.6 times higher than the health-based 24 h National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for outdoor air average of 35 μg/m3 set by the US EPA on 14 December 2012.17. Indoor air quality in 77 restaurants was significantly improved and PM2.5 average level was reduced by 90.6% after the implementation of the Michigan SFA law. The average postlaw indoor PM2.5 level of 11.8 μg/m3 was below both WHO guideline and the NAAQS. Compliance with SFA law is critical to achieving the goal of eliminating exposure to SHS. All restaurants measured in this study complied with the SFA law. The findings in this study indicate that a state-wide law to eliminate smoking in enclosed workplaces and public places substantially reduced PM2.5 levels in all monitored Michigan restaurants, changing ...
Clean Water Act marks 40th anniversary11-1077a1963 oil on minnesota riverrope-swing-smallImages from the pastA collection of photos showing how far weve come - and how the CWA is still relevant.The nations law for protecting our most irreplaceable resource has been especially valuable to water-rich Minnesota. And it continues to serve us well. Every person deserves clean…
Today we review a nation-wide assessment of the impact of fireworks on local air quality in the USA. Results indicate tht the particulates emitted during these displays increased particulate pollution by 42% on average, although individual cities had increases of 400% temporarily and other venues such as the International Fireworks Competition in Montreal and New Years Eve in Germany showed increases of 40 to 50 times more. As the particulate emissions from these eruptions last only for a few hours, the higher pollution levels are not counted in either the national air quality regulations (such as National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 in the USA or European Union PM10 air quality standard). Clearly short term air quality forecasts could be improved using the results from this study. In addition, spectators would be well advised to stay upwind from the fireworks to avoid polluted air and the health impacts that may result from breathing it ...
Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is one of a group of highly reactive gasses known as oxides of nitrogen, or nitrogen oxides (NOx). Other nitrogen oxides include nitrous acid and nitric acid. While EPAs National Ambient Air Quality Standard covers this entire group of NOx, NO2 is the component of greatest interest and the indicator for the larger group of nitrogen oxides. NO2 forms quickly from emissions from cars, trucks and buses, power plants, and off-road equipment. In addition to contributing to the formation of ground-level ozone, and fine particle pollution, NO2 is linked with a number of adverse effects on the respiratory system.. EPA first set standards for NO2 in 1971, setting both a primary standard (to protect health) and a secondary standard (to protect the public welfare) at 0.053 parts per million (53 ppb), averaged annually. The Agency has reviewed the standards twice since that time, but chose not to revise the annual standards at the conclusion of each review. In January 2010, EPA ...
Federal Register: April 8, 1999 (Volume 64, Number 67)] [Page 17171-17179] ----------------------------------------------------------------------- ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [PF-869; FRL-6071-2] Notice of Filing of Pesticide Petitions AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. ----------------------------------------------------------------------- SUMMARY: This notice announces the initial filing of pesticide petitions proposing the establishment of regulations for residues of certain pesticide chemicals in or on various food commodities. DATES: Comments, identified by the docket control number PF-869, must be received on or before May 10, 1999. ADDRESSES: By mail submit written comments to: Public Information and Records Integrity Branch, Information Resources and Services Division (7502C), Office of Pesticides Programs, Environmental Protection Agency, 401 M St., SW., Washington, DC 20460. In person bring comments to: Rm. 119, CM #2, 1921 Jefferson Davis Highway, ...
Notices] [Page 1456-1464] >From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov] [DOCID:fr09ja98-67] ----------------------------------------------------------------------- ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [PF-786; FRL-5762-6] Notice of Filing of Pesticide Petitions AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). [[Page 1457]] ACTION: Notice. ----------------------------------------------------------------------- SUMMARY: This notice announces the initial filing of pesticide petitions proposing the establishment of regulations for residues of certain pesticide chemicals in or on various food commodities. DATES: Comments, identified by the docket control number PF-786, must be received on or before February 9, 1998. ADDRESSES: By mail submit written comments to: Public Information and Records Integrity Branch (7502C), Information Resources and Services Division, Office of Pesticides Programs, Environmental Protection Agency, 401 M St., SW., Washington, DC 20460. In person bring ...
In this research, we investigated the public health risks associated with atmospheric exposure to PM2.5 for different subpopulations (black, white, Hispanic, youth, adults, and elderly) in the Washington, DC area. Washington, DC has long been considered a non-healthy place to live according to the American Lung Association due to its poor air quality. This recognition clearly includes the negative PM-related human health effects within the region. Specifically, DC fine particulate matter (PM2.5) [or particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm] poses notable health risks to subpopulations having an annual mean value of 16.70 μg/m3 during the years 1999-2004, exceeding the EPA National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) of 15 μg/m3. Incessant exposure to significant levels of PM has previously been linked to deleterious health effects, such as heart and lung diseases. The environmental quality and public health statistics of Washington, DC indicate the need for higher-resolution
On October 23-24, 2007, subject matter experts on particulate matter (PM) gathered at Allerton Park in Monticello to exchange ideas and experiences in project level hotspot analysis of PM, including monitoring and compliance. The attendees included staff from five Midwestern state Departments of Transportation (DOTs), metropolitan planning organizations, the U.S. EPA, the Illinois EPA, University faculty, and the FHWA. Particulate matter is a generic term for a broad class of chemically and physically diverse substances that exist as discrete particles (liquid droplets or solids) over a wide range of sizes. It is emitted into the air through combustion exhausts or mechanical wear-and-tear from cars and trucks, power plants and factories, and construction sites. A hot-spot analysis is an estimation of likely future localized pollutant concentrations and a comparison of those concentrations to the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) set by the U.S. EPA. In general, the peer exchange ...
The objective of this funding action, as part of the continuing environmental program grant, will support Pinellas Countys efforts to maintain and strengthen its comprehensive air pollution program. This program focuses on the core air protection objectives of attaining and maintaining National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), addressing air toxics, supporting compliance and enforcement efforts, and permitting air pollution sources. ...
To investigate trace element pollution of PM10 in urban Chengdu, a Southwest megacity of China, as well as to assess the human health risks caused by exposure to PM10, we analyzed ambient PM10 samples collected at an urban site in Chengdu from November, 2014 to October, 2015. The annual mean concentration of PM10 in the sampling period was 173.6 ± 77.9 µg m-3, which is 2.5 times higher than the national recommended standard of 70 µg m-3. The mean metals content in PM10 was in the following order: iron (Fe) > zinc (Zn) > titanium (Ti) > copper (Cu) > manganese (Mn) > lead (Pb) > barium (Ba) > chromium (Cr) > strontium (Si) > nickel (Ni) > arsenic (As) > vanadium (V) > antimony (Sb) > cobalt (Co) > cadmium (Cd) > bismuth (Bi). The concentration of As in PM10 was observed to be 2.9 times higher than the secondary level recommended by the China National Ambient Air Quality Standard (GB3095-2012), whereas the concentrations of other metals were within the limit
On April 1, 2009, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in a series of cases -- Entergy v. EPA (07-588), PSEG Fossil LLC v. Riverkeeper Inc. (07-589) and Utility Water Act Group v. Riverkeeper Inc. (07-597) -- that the EPA may rely on cost-benefit analysis in setting the national performance standards, when applying the CWA to power plant cooling systems. [4] The CWA requires power plants that use at least 50 million gallons of water a day to generate steam for electricity to use the best technology available for minimizing adverse environmental impact cooling water intake structures. Justice Antonin Scalia wrote in the majority opinion that the CWA wording best technology available, even with the added specification for minimizing adverse environmental impact, does not unambiguously preclude cost-benefit analysis. [5] Legal Times called the ruling a pro-business decision, [6] but environmental groups pointed out that the ruling allowed, but did not mandate, that the EPA include a ...
Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Infrastructure Requirements for the 2010 Nitrogen Dioxide National Ambient Air Quality Standards, 65593-65594 [2013-26212]
The study, carried out by Greenpeace in partnership with the Beijing University School of Public Health, looked at four individuals: a child, an environmentalist, a taxi driver, and an outdoor enthusiast. The four individuals daily activity over 24 hours was recorded and their exposure to pollution was contrasted with Chinas National Ambient Air Quality Standard. It showed that both the taxi driver and the athlete suffered levels of exposure higher than the national standard ...
Air pollution in the capital Kathmandu and Terai area is particularly worrying. In the case of Kathmandu, major sources of air pollution are brick kilns, fume-spewing vehicles (vehicle registration in Bagmati Zone, which includes Kathmandu Valley, doubled in the past fiscal year according to the Department of Transport Management), street dust and burning of waste at home. These factors coupled with the Valleys bowl-like topography which traps heavy polluted air, means that for most days of the year, except for the rainy seasons, the air quality of Kathmandu Valley hits dangerous level - up to five times worse than the upper limit of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards guidelines according to Nepal Health Research Council (NHRC ...
In October 2015 the EPA strengthened the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for ozone to 70 parts per billion. This new standard will have implications for the wildland fire community. This page highlights regulatory information from the EPA, maps of potential non-attainment areas, testimonies, and the latest reports and research collected by the NWCG Smoke Committee.. ...
WASHINGTON - Sen. Thad Cochran (R-Miss.) has announced his support for prompt Senate Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee consideration of House-passed legislation to overturn a new level of regulatory burdens on the use of pesticides.. Cochran and all Republican members of the Senate Agriculture Committee have signed a letter to chairman Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.) that asks her to bring up for debate and approval the Reducing Regulatory Burdens Act (HR.872).. The House March 31 passed HR.872 with a broad, bipartisan vote, 292-130. Written to overturn the new Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) pesticide requirements, the House-approved legislation has been referred to the Senate Agriculture Committee for consideration.. I look forward to Senate Agriculture Committee consideration of legislation that received significant and bipartisan support in the House. That vote shows there is evident concern among policymakers about the Environmental Protection Agencys proposed pesticide ...
RIN: 2060-AQ58). (i) Cost-benefit analysis. EPA states that the final amendments are expected to reduce the overall cost of the original 2010 RICE NESHAP amendments. EPA estimates that with these final amendments incorporated, the total annual cost of the rule for existing stationary RICE will be $115 million for SI engines and $373 million for CI engines (2010 dollars), and total capital costs will be $103 million for SI engines and $740 million for CI engines (2010 dollars). EPA includes for comparison the costs that EPA previously estimated for the 2010 amendments to the RICE NESHAP. EPA did not estimate costs associated with the changes to the new source performance standards (NSPS) for stationary CI and SI engines. According to EPA, the changes to the NSPS are minor and are not expected to impact the costs of those rules.. EPA states that emission controls installed to meet the requirements of this final rule will generate benefits by reducing emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) as ...