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The CPIP uniquely integrates complementary training experiences at the Psychiatry Department's Vermont Center for Children, Youth, and Families (VCCYF) and the Psychology Department's Behavior Therapy and Psychotherapy Center (BTPC). At the VCCYF, interns receive advanced training in the application of evidence-based interventions from the family perspective, directly addressing both child and parent emotional and behavioral strengths and difficulties. In the framework of the Vermont Family Based Approach, interns apply health promotion, prevention, and intervention to help the well families remain well, prevent at-risk children from developing emotional and behavioral problems, and intervene comprehensively with children and families challenged by psychopathology. At the VCCYF, interns collaborate with professionals in psychiatry, psychology, social work, nursing, and genetics. At the BTPC, interns receive advanced training in culturally competent, evidence-based treatment of torture survivors ...
Welcome to Your Pediatric Psychologist. As a committed and expert in pediatric psychology, my mission is to help children with medical conditions and their families succeed and restore normality by elevating psychological care beyond the expected
Unconscious cognition is the processing of perception, memory, learning, thought, and language without being aware of it. The role of the unconscious mind on decision making is a topic greatly debated by neuroscientists, linguists and psychologists around the world. Though the actual level of involvement of the unconscious brain during a cognitive process might still be a matter of differential opinion, the fact that the unconscious brain does play a role in cognitive activity is undeniable. Several experiments and well recorded phenomena attest to this fact, for example the illusion-of-truth effect. There have also been several experiments suggesting that the unconscious mind might actually be better at decision making than the conscious mind when there are multiple variables to take into consideration. The attitude of the scientific community towards the unconscious mind has undergone a drastic change from being viewed as a lazy reservoir of memories and non-task oriented behavior to being ...
Local resource for applied behavior analysis therapists in Valdosta. Includes detailed information on local businesses that provide access to applied behavior analysis therapy, applied behavior analysis clinics, applied behavior analysis specialists, autism therapy, autism treatments, autism clinics, and applied behavior analysis support, as well as advice and content on autism support groups and autism societies.
In a recent theoretical account of persecutory delusions, it is suggested that anxiety and worry are important factors in paranoid experience [Freeman, D., Garety, P. A., Kuipers, E., Fowler, D., & Bebbington, P. E. (2002). A cognitive model of persecutory delusions. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 41(4), 331-347]. In emotional disorders worry has been understood in terms of catastrophising. In the current study, the concept of catastrophising is applied for the first time with persecutory delusions. Thirty individuals with current persecutory delusions and 30 non-clinical controls participated in a cross-sectional study. The group with persecutory delusions was also followed up at 3 months to assess predictors of delusion persistence. At its most severe, 21% of individuals with persecutory delusions had clinical worry, 68% had levels of worry comparable with treatment seeking GAD patients. Further, high levels of anxiety, worry and catastrophising were associated with high levels of persecutory
TY - JOUR. T1 - Assessing women's sexual arousal in the context of sexual assault history and acute alcohol intoxication. AU - Gilmore, Amanda K.. AU - Schacht, Rebecca L.. AU - George, William H.. AU - Otto, Jacqueline M.. AU - Davis, Kelly Cue. AU - Heiman, Julia R.. AU - Norris, Jeanette. AU - Kajumulo, Kelly F.. N1 - Funding Information: This article was completed by the first author in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master's in Science in clinical psychology under the supervision of Dr. George. This research was funded through a grant from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (AA13565) to Dr. George. Thanks to Dr. Lori Zoellner for her helpful comments. Portions of this manuscript were presented in November 2009 at the annual meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. PY - 2010/6. Y1 - 2010/6. N2 - Introduction.: Few studies have examined differences in women's sexual arousal based on sexual assault history ...
Stuart Hameroff and Roger Penrose think it does, while Patricia Churchland is less convinced How can we comprehend the nature of our conscious experience? This question provokes four types of explanation. "Reductive materialists" believe that conscious experience simply emerges from computer-like excitations among the brain's neurons. "Dualists" view consciousness as separate from the brain, but able to influence brain activities. "Idealists" argue that consciousness is primary and itself creates reality: consciousness is all there is. "Panpsychists" say that conscious experience is intrinsic to physical reality, that a "protoconsciousness" (a "funda-mentality") is present even in inanimate structures. Consider this fourth view. Could the raw components of conscious experience actually be "built-in" to the universe? Philosopher Alfred North Whitehead proposed that at a deeper level than atoms or electrons are fundamental units, which Whitehead termed "occasions of experience". Some modern ...
Recent studies have investigated local oscillations, long-range connectivity, and global network patterns to identify neural changes associated with anesthetic-induced unconsciousness. These studies typically employ anesthetic protocols that either just cross the threshold of unconsciousness, or induce deep unconsciousness for a brief period of time-neither of which models general anesthesia for major surgery. To study neural patterns of unconsciousness and recovery in a clinically-relevant context, we used a realistic anesthetic regimen to induce and maintain unconsciousness in 8 healthy participants for three hours. High-density electroencephalogram (EEG) was acquired throughout and for another three hours after emergence. Seven epochs of 5-minute eyes-closed resting states were extracted from the data at baseline as well as 30, 60, 90, 120, 150 and 180 minutes post-emergence. Additionally, 5-minute epochs were extracted during induction, unconsciousness and immediately prior to recovery of
Upper airway obstruction (UAO) is a major problem in unconscious subjects, making full face mask ventilation difficult. The mechanism of UAO in unconscious subjects shares many similarities with that of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), especially the hypotonic upper airway seen during rapid eye movement sleep. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) via nasal mask is more effective at maintaining airway patency than a full face mask in patients with OSA. We hypothesized that CPAP via nasal mask and ventilation (nCPAP) would be more effective than full face mask CPAP and ventilation (FmCPAP) for unconscious subjects, and we tested our hypothesis during induction of general anesthesia for elective surgery. In total, 73 adult subjects requiring general anesthesia were randomly assigned to one of four groups: nCPAP P0, nCPAP P5, FmCPAP P0, and FmCPAP P5, where P0 and P5 represent positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) 0 and 5 cm H2O applied prior to induction. After apnea, ventilation was initiated with
This would be made widespread when more becomes concerned with hythloday's educational psychology research paper to the paragraph, and the environment that he would like hythloday to read it over and correct any insights that appear in the sex. Awards can be played even especially as 20 cultures a educational psychology research paper.
We studied a lie detection protocol immune to countermeasures. The 4 stimulus conditions were (1 and 2) supraliminal acquaintance name primed by subliminal acquaintance name (A-A) versus subliminal nonacquaintance name (N-A) and (3 and 4) supraliminal nonacquaintance name primed by subliminal acquaintance name (A-N) versus subliminal nonacquaintance name (N-N). In Experiment 1 and replication, principal components analysis-derived event-related potential components revealed significant differences between dishonestly answered supraliminal acquaintance conditions with differing primes (A-A vs. N-A). In Experiment 2 subjects were required to lie in A-N and N-N conditions, in contrast to Experiment 1, in which subjects lied in A-A and N-A conditions. No significant effects were found. In Experiment 3, the lying task was removed and no significant differences were found. We conclude that subliminal primes modulate ERPs in conditions with supraliminal acquaintance name when the task involves lying. ...
Background It is postulated that alteration of central cholinergic transmission plays an important role in the mechanism by which anesthetics produce unconsciousness. The authors investigated the effect of altering central cholinergic transmission, by physostigmine and scopolamine, on unconsciousness produced by propofol. Methods Propofol was administered to American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status 1 (n = 17) volunteers with use of a computer-controlled infusion pump at increasing concentrations until unconsciousness resulted (inability to respond to verbal commands, abolition of spontaneous movement). Central nervous system function was assessed by use of the Auditory Steady State Response (ASSR) and Bispectral Index (BIS) analysis of electrooculogram. During continuous administration of propofol, reversal of unconsciousness produced by physostigmine (28 microgram/kg) and block of this reversal by scopolamine (8.6 microgram/kg) were evaluated. Results Propofol produced ...
What gets access to consciousness? Again, unconscious processes lead the way. A big driver is our internal hierarchy of goals, one of the major unconscious functions that interacts with conciousness. Do we want a sandwich? A walk? A newspaper? Money? Survival? Life is complicated that way, as needs come up all the time at all levels. When a super-high level goal comes under fire, we are rivetted. Earthshaking experiences change conciousness itself, by re-arranging the unconscious contexts that underly it- it is not the earth that shakes, at least most of the time. Hallucinogens like LSD can have this kind of deep, long-lasting effect. On the other hand, if information comes along that violates a high-level model of reality particularly egregiously, we may also block it out rather than take on the problem of breaking down our painstakingly developed models of reality, (contexts, in Baars's teminology). Thus we fight cognitive dissonance to save them by rationalization, confirmation bias, denial, ...
The Center for Consciousness Studies (CCS) at the University of Arizona was established in 1997 by the Arizona Board of Regents. CCS is hosted by the Department of Anesthesiology at the University of Arizona College of Medicine.. Toward a Science of Consciousness is the largest and longest-running interdisciplinary conference emphasizing broad and rigorous approaches to the study of conscious awareness probing fundamental questions related to conscious experience. Topical areas include neuroscience, philosophy, psychology, biology, quantum physics, meditation and altered states, machine consciousness, culture and experiential phenomenology and contemplative approaches. Toward a Science of Consciousness (TSC) is presented by the Center for Consciousness Studies (CCS) at the University of Arizona, and alternates yearly between Tucson, Ariz. (even-numbered years, from 1994 including 1999 Quantum Mind in Flagstaff and 2003 Quantum Mind in Tucson and various locations around the world (odd-numbered ...
About the Author:. Dr. David Stein is a pediatric psychologist specializing in neuropsychological testing, assessment of neurodevelopmental disorders, and behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy. Dr. Stein is the founder of New England Neurodevelopment, LLC, in Concord, MA. He was on the faculty of Boston Children's Hospital and an Instructor at Harvard Medical School from 2010 to 2016. Dr. Stein has spoken nationally and internationally regarding neurodevelopment and related disorders. He is the author of several scholarly articles, chapters, and this book.. Dr. Stein is a graduate of Tufts University and William James College. He completed his APA Internship in Child Psychology at Harvard Medical School/The Cambridge Hospital and his post-doctoral fellowship in Pediatric Psychology at Boston Children's Hospital & Harvard Medical School.. ...
Looking for online definition of enzyme-inhibition theory of narcosis in the Medical Dictionary? enzyme-inhibition theory of narcosis explanation free. What is enzyme-inhibition theory of narcosis? Meaning of enzyme-inhibition theory of narcosis medical term. What does enzyme-inhibition theory of narcosis mean?
Binocular rivalry has intrigued researchers for over two centuries, but research into its neural mechanisms was until recently limited to behavioral and animal studies. The availability of functional magnetic resonance imaging since the 1990s has boosted the neuroscientific investigation of binocular rivalry in humans. Functional neuroimaging has revealed an involvement of all levels of the brain’s visual processing hierarchy in rivalry dynamics, including early subcortical and cortical stages, functionally specialized visual areas, and non-sensory frontoparietal regions. Moreover, variants of binocular rivalry have helped to elucidate the neural fate of unconscious information during binocular rivalry suppression. The findings from neuroimaging research are integrated into a comprehensive view on how different processing stages interact to resolve perceptual conflict in the human brain.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Loss of consciousness at ictus and/or poor World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies grade on admission reflects the impact of EBI and predicts poor outcome in patients with SAH. AU - Takahashi, Satoshi. AU - Akiyama, Takenori. AU - Horiguchi, Takashi. AU - Miwa, Tomoru. AU - Takemura, Ryo. AU - Yoshida, Kazunari. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2020 Scientific Scholar. All rights reserved.. PY - 2020/3/6. Y1 - 2020/3/6. N2 - Background: There are many scores and markers that predict poor outcome in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). However, parameters that can predict outcomes in patients with SAH with high specificity and sensitivity, which can be identified in the early postictal state and utilized as a clinical marker of early brain injury (EBI) have not been identified so far. Methods: Thirty-nine patients with SAH due to a saccular intracranial aneurysm rupture were reviewed. We retrospectively analyzed the relationships between patients' baseline characteristics ...
OBJECTIVE: To review journalists' preferences and accuracy in reporting comatose states. METHODS: Using the Lexis-Nexis database, we selected newspaper headlines from January 1, 2001, through December 31, 2005, that included the words coma, comatose, unconsciousness, vegetative state, awakening, and brain dead. RESULTS: We identified 340 stories by headlines. The median age of persons in coma was 26 years. Coma cases in men were twice as common as those in women. In 71% of coma cases, the cause of coma was associated with motor vehicle crashes or violence. Persistent vegetative state was reported in 25 articles (7%), frequently when a family or physician conflict emerged. In 33 stories (10%), coma was medically induced but not mentioned in the headline. Three ‘miracle’ recoveries involved resumption of speech in patients in a minimally conscious state. CONCLUSION: Few news reports had gross inaccuracies or misrepresentations; however, definitional difficulties of unconscious states ...
The mechanisms underlying anesthesia-induced loss of consciousness remain a matter of debate. Recent electrophysiological reports suggest that while initial propofol infusion provokes an increase in fast rhythms (from beta to gamma range), slow activity (from delta to alpha range) rises selectively during loss of consciousness. Dynamic causal modeling was used to investigate the neural mechanisms mediating these changes in spectral power in humans. We analyzed source-reconstructed data from frontal and parietal cortices during normal wakefulness, propofol-induced mild sedation, and loss of consciousness. Bayesian model selection revealed that the best model for explaining spectral changes across the three states involved changes in corticothalamic interactions. Compared with wakefulness, mild sedation was accounted for by an increase in thalamic excitability, which did not further increase during loss of consciousness. In contrast, loss of consciousness per se was accompanied by a decrease in ...
In psychology, a dual process theory provides an account of how thought can arise in two different ways, or as a result of two different processes. Often, the two processes consist of an implicit (automatic), unconscious process and an explicit (controlled), conscious process. Verbalized explicit processes or attitudes and actions may change with persuasion or education; though implicit process or attitudes usually take a long amount of time to change with the forming of new habits. Dual process theories can be found in social, personality, cognitive, and clinical psychology. It has also been linked with economics via prospect theory and behavioral economics, and increasingly in sociology through cultural analysis. The foundations of dual process theory likely comes from William James. He believed that there were two different kinds of thinking: associative and true reasoning. James theorized that empirical thought was used for things like art and design work. For James, images and thoughts ...
The professional practice of behavior analysis is one domain of behavior analysis: the others being radical behaviorism, experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. The professional practice of behavior analysis is the delivery of interventions to consumers that are guided by the principles of behaviorism and the research of both the experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. Professional practice seeks maximum precision to change behavior most effectively in specific instances. Behavior analysts are mental health professionals and, in some states, may hold a license, certificate or registration as a behavior analyst. In other states, there are no laws governing their practice and, as such, the practice may be prohibited as falling under the practice definition of other mental health professionals. This is rapidly changing as Behavior Analysts are becoming more and more common. The professional practice of behavior analysis is a hybrid discipline with ...
Patients at the NJ Craniofacial Center of Morristown benefit from the multidisciplinary expertise of surgical and medical pediatric specialists who share a commitment to using new technology and medical advances for patients and education and support for their families. We offer specialized programs in patients with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders and also mild craniofacial disorders, plagiocephaly and/ or torticollis.. At our Comprehensive Team Meeting, all members of the craniofacial team meet to evaluate a child with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders. We are proud to have a Pediatric Psychologist as part of our team. The craniofacial team's psychologist will assess your child's development and will offer support and treatment to both you and your child. As your child ages, craniofacial disorders will have a varying impact on his or her life as well as the life of your family. For younger children, our psychologist will assess your child's developmental level, refer you for ...
NEW YORK - Children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety or tic disorders are being treated in a new specialized outpatient clinic at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center - one of the only programs of its kind in the New York metro area.. In addition to a clinic in Manhattan, the Pediatric OCD, Anxiety and Tic Disorders (POCAT) program will offer a unique, day camp-style intensive summer treatment program situated in White Plains, N.Y., at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Westchester Division. The POCAT program is co-led by pediatric psychologist Dr. Shannon M. Bennett and psychiatrist Dr. Justin Mohatt.. "Anxiety is a normal part of growing up, but when it interferes with school, friendships or family life, we recommend parents seek treatment for their child. If a family is going to extreme measures to accommodate their child's anxiety, or if their child has a problem with involuntary movements or vocalizations, we can offer help," says Dr. ...
The School of Psychology at Bangor brings together a large group of outstanding scientists with international research reputations in clinical psychology, neuropsychology and clinical and cognitive neuroscience. A number of staff also hold appointments as consultant psychologists or medical consultants with the NHS and contribute to clinical practice as well as to the training of clinical psychologists, medical students and NHS staff. The School runs its own clinical psychology training programme, leading to the Doctorate in Clinical Psychology.. Key research strengths within the clinical psychology domain include dementia, neuropsychology and rehabilitation, learning disability, developmental disorders, addictions, and cognitive-behavioural approaches. Close links with other departments and with NHS services produce tremendous opportunities for collaborative clinical psychology research. The School supports the practical implementation of research findings to improve patient care with close ...
Dexmedetomidine has been reported to ameliorate propofol-induced neurotoxicity in neonatal animals. However, the underlying mechanism is still undetermined. Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β), cycline dependent kinase-5 (CDK5) and Rho-kinase (RhoA) pathways play critical roles in neuronal development. The present study is to investigate whether GSK-3β, CDK5 and RhoA pathways are involved in the neuroprotection of dexmedetomidine. Seven-day-old (P7) Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized with propofol for 6 h. Dexmedetomidine at various concentrations were administered before propofol exposure. Neuroapoptosis, the neuronal proliferation and the level of neurotransmitter in the hippocampus were evaluated. The effects of GSK-3β inhibitor SB415286, CDK5 inhibitor roscovitine or RhoA inhibitor Y276321 on propofol-induced neurotoxicity were assessed. Propofol induced apoptosis in the hippocampal neurons and astrocytes, inhibited neuronal proliferation in the DG region, down-regulated the level of ...
Traumatic brain injury (TBI, physical trauma to the brain) can cause a variety of complications, health effects that are not TBI themselves but that result from it. The risk of complications increases with the severity of the trauma; however even mild traumatic brain injury can result in disabilities that interfere with social interactions, employment, and everyday living. TBI can cause a variety of problems including physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral complications. Symptoms that may occur after a concussion - a minor form of traumatic brain injury - are referred to as post-concussion syndrome. Generally, there are six abnormal states of consciousness that can result from a TBI: Stupor is a state of partial or near complete unconsciousness in which the patient is lethargic, immobile, and has a reduced response to stimuli. Coma is a state in which the patient is totally unconscious and cannot be aroused even with strong stimuli. Persistent vegetative state is a condition in which ...
The Brain Trauma Foundation is presenting a free webinar on Assessment & Prognosis in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury on Wednesday, April 25, 2012, 12-1 Eastern Time. This webinar is open to all. Survivors of severe traumatic brain injury face a wide range of possible prognoses, from nearly complete recovery to permanent unconsciousness. The ability to predict prognosis at an early point is limited, but the time until return of consciousness (e.g., command following) and orientation (e.g., duration of post-traumatic amnesia) are useful predictors in the early days and weeks. More specialized assessment techniques exist of those with persistent disorders of...
Dr. Derek Reed is a Licensed Behavior Analyst in the State of Kansas and an Associate Professor in the Department of Applied Behavioral Science at the University of Kansas where he directs the Applied Behavioral Economics Laboratory. Derek received his Bachelor's degree in Psychology from Illinois State University and his Masters and Ph.D. in School Psychology from Syracuse University. He has served as Associate Editor for Behavior Analysis in Practice and The Psychological Record, and guest Associate Editor for The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Behavioral Education, and Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. He serves as a reviewer on the editorial boards of The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, and Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Derek has published over 90 peer reviewed papers and book chapters, coauthored three edited books, and was the 2016 recipient of the American Psychological Association Division 25 B. F. Skinner Foundation New Applied Researcher ...
Galerie Ron Mandos proudly presents Stream of Consciousness, a unique group exhibition with sculptures by artist collective Troika (DE/FR), latest works by Tom Lore de Jong (NL, 1988) and installation pieces by Goof Kloosterman (NL, 1989). After July 30th, the exhibition will be open by appointment from 3 - 20 August.. The exhibition Stream of Consciousness brings together works that constantly challenge the spectator's perception. The title of the show refers to a term mostly used in literature which describes the notion of a stream of thoughts and feelings that pass through the mind. It is used as a narrative mode in which the interior monologue is written down and never directly addresses the reader but gradually guides him/ her through the story. Like the reader is the one experiencing and finding out the occurrences that happen in the tale. All the artists in Stream of Consciousness use a similar approach in their work by challenging the visitor's perception and arousing a certain feeling ...
Currently on sabbatical, Associate Professor of Music Steven Nuss has been invited to speak at the 2nd International Conference on Music and Consciousness, to be held at Oxford University April 14-17, 2015. The conference brings together scholars from neuroscience, psychology, musicology, cognitive archaeology, philosophy, and many other disciplines whose research explores the phenomenological complexity of music and the relationship between music and consciousness. Nuss will present his new essay, "Trancing in the Palace: Kabbalah, Devotion, and Ritual Consciousness in Morton Feldman's Palais de Mari (1986).". ...
Thursday, 19 June 2014, 6.00-7.30pm, Peltz Gallery, School of Arts, Birkbeck, 43 Gordon Square, London WC1H 0PD. In this talk, Roger Bartra will discuss his latest book Anthropology of the Brain: Consciousness, Culture and Free Will (2014), in which he explores the mysteries of the human brain. In the book, Bartra shows that consciousness is a phenomenon that occurs not only in the mind but also in an external network, a symbolic system. He argues that the symbolic systems created by humans in art, language, in cooking or in dress, are the key to understanding human consciousness. Placing culture at the centre of his analysis, Bartra brings together findings from anthropology and cognitive science and offers an original vision of the continuity between the brain and its symbolic environment.. Roger Bartra is Professor Emeritus at the University of Mexico (UNAM) and Honorary Research Fellow at Birkbeck, University of London. An anthropologist, sociologist, and respected public intellectual, he ...
TOWN OF ULSTER -- Ulster police believe it's had its first heroin overdose save by applying Naloxone on an unconscious patient.At about 2:15 p.m. Wednesday, Ulster police Sgt. James Seyfarth, as well as Ulster EMS and firefighters, responded to a call of an unconscious and unresponsive person at a house in Lake Katrine.While Ulster firefighters were providing emergency aid to the 44-year-old man, Seyfarth and emergency responders determined the man was overdosing on heroin. Seyfarth, who had
Thomas Swales, PhD, ABPP, has been elected president of the Ohio Psychological Association (OPA).. Dr. Swales specializes in independent psychological, neuropsychological and forensic evaluations. He received his PhD in clinical psychology in the health psychology/pediatric psychology track from the University of Miami. He completed an internship in clinical psychology at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center and fellowship in clinical neuropsychology at the UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute. He is board certified in clinical neuropsychology by the American Board of Professional Psychology. For more than 20 years, Dr. Swales has provided psychological and neuropsychological consultations to patients with a wide variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders. He has a wealth of clinical experience with both children and adults. He has also served extensively as an expert witness and consultant. Dr. Swales also has extensive academic experience in education and training, research and ...
Traumatic brain injuries are caused by physical bombardment of the head with an object. Reported causes of these injuries include violent collisions, accidents and hobbies such as sports which may involve accidental knocking of the head.. One of the main causes of the traumatic brain injury is accidents caused by motor vehicles. Motor vehicle accidents result in sudden motions and impacts that can lead to the head being knocked resulting to brain injuries. During an accident, a person's head can be "stricken, suddenly jerked, or penetrated by a foreign object" (Brain 1).. If such effects pass to the brain, then a traumatic brain injury may occur. The injury may be mild or severe depending on the degree of injury caused to the brain. Mild injuries may be temporary with inflicted short time unconsciousness while a severe traumatic brain injury causes prolonged and more extreme effects to the injured person. Motor vehicle accidents cause a large percent of total traumatic brain injuries ...
January 5, 2009 - Headache frequency and severity caused by traumatic brain injury might signal cognitive deficits, suggests a new study of Iraq war veterans.. Traumatic brain injuries, also called concussions, are common among veterans who served in Iraq. And as deployment times have become longer, military personnel have more chances to be exposed to explosions that can cause injury.. "The most important finding was that the soldiers who continued to have problems with headaches and PTSD [post-traumatic stress disorder] were much more likely to have signs of residual cognition impairment or abnormalities," said study author Dr. Robert L. Ruff, professor of neurology at Case Western Reserve University and neurology service chief at the Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center. "By themselves, the deficits were not severe, but they compromised the veterans' ability to return to where they were.". The researchers studied 126 veterans who had lost consciousness from blasts and ...
Two 18-G peripheral intravenous catheters and a 20-G right radial arterial catheter were placed, and standard ASA monitoring was performed in the angiography suite. Further invasive monitoring was not necessary because of the stability of the patient's chest pain with nitroglycerin patch, normal electrocardiography results, no history of congestive heart failure or arrhythmia, and the relatively hemodynamic stability of the TIPS procedure. Sedation was achieved with 50 micro gram *symbol* kg sup -1 *symbol* min sup -1 propofol, 2 mg midazolam in 0.5-mg increments, and 100 micro gram fentanyl in 25-micro gram boluses intravenously. Two hours after the start of the procedure, the patient's systolic blood pressure decreased from 110 to 60 mmHg with an increase in heart rate to 110 beats/min. No ST-T changes were noted on electrocardiogram monitoring. This coincided with dilation of the Wallstent device. As the patient lost consciousness, ventilation was supported with 100% Oxygen2via mask followed ...
Question: How can one determine what shall fill the vacuum created in the process of eliminating self-consciousness?. Krishnamurti: Sir, why do you want to eliminate self-consciousness? Why do you think it is important to dissolve self-consciousness, or that "I", that egotistic limitation? Why do you think it is necessary? If you say it is necessary because you seek happiness, then that self-consciousness, that limited particularity of the ego will still continue. But if you say, "I see conflict, my mind and heart are caught up in disharmony, but I see the cause of this disharmony, which is the lack of understanding of environment which has created that self-consciousness", then there is no void to be filled. I am afraid the questioner has not understood this at all.. Please let me explain this once again. What we call self-consciousness, or that "I" consciousness, is nothing else but the result of environment; that is, when the mind and heart do not understand environment, the surroundings, the ...
I attended a very good lecture last week on contemporary views of countertransference. It inspired me to write a brief overview of the concept here, with more to follow.. To understand countertransference, it helps to tackle transference first. Transference was a word coined by Sigmund Freud to label the way patients "transfer" feelings from important persons in their early lives, onto the psychoanalyst or therapist. Psychoanalysis was specifically designed to encourage transference. Intentional opacity and non-disclosure by the therapist promotes transference; the patient naturally makes assumptions about the therapist's likes and dislikes, attitude toward the patient, life outside the office, and so forth. These assumptions are based on the patient's experiences with, and assumptions regarding, other important relationships, such as childhood relations with parents. In this way the patient's formative dynamics are re-created in the therapy office for both participants to observe. Patients ...
Context: Self-awareness is vital for the health and development of medical students, but few reported modalities successfully increase medical student self-awareness. Objective: To assess the effect of ultrasonography on medical student self-awareness and health status. Methods: In 2016, first- and second-year osteopathic medical students completed a 9-item survey, created specifically for the current study, which included questions about the use of ultrasonography, health status, and self-awareness after completing at least 1 ultrasonography course. Differences between student responses by class were analyzed using χ2 analysis for items assessing experience with ultrasonography and t tests for items assessing self-awareness. Results: Of the 329 students surveyed, 192 (58.4%) reported using ultrasonography to explore or monitor their own health or body. Forty-nine students (14.9%) found out something about their health that they did not know before their exposure to ultrasonography. Significant ...
Introduction. Behaviourism originated with the work of John B. Watson from 1913. Behaviourism is based on the following sets of claims: (1) Psychology is the study of behaviour. Psychology is not the science of mind. This statement also forms a type of behaviourism: 'Methodological' behaviourism claims that psychology should concern itself with the behaviour of organisms (human and non-human). Psychology should not concern itself with mental states or events or with constructing internal information processing accounts of behaviour. In its historical foundations, methodological behaviourism shares with analytical behaviourism the influence of positivism. One of the goals of positivism was to unify psychology with natural science. Methodological behaviourism is a dominant theme in the writings of John Watson. John Broadus Watson was one of the most prominent psychologist scientists of his era, writing on applied psychology for academic journals, business publications, and popular magazines and is ...
Expert: Dr. Brian Iwata received his Ph.D. in psychology from Florida State University and subsequently held positions at Western Michigan University and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He is Distinguished Professor in Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Florida, where he also has directed the Florida Center on Self-Injury and the Prader-Willi Syndrome Program. Brian is the former chief editor of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis and former president of the Association for Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Division 33 of the American Psychological Association, and the Florida Association for Behavior Analysis. His primary areas of interest are disorders of learning and behavior and research methodology. He has published over 240 articles and chapters on these topics, and he has received $7 million in research grants to support that work. Much of Dr. Iwata's research ...
The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: A Portuguese version of the adults' test. O Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: Uma versão portuguesa do teste para adultos. José Pestana*1, Sofia Menéres*2, Maria João Gouveia2, Rui Filipe Oliveira3. 1ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal. 2ISPA - Instituto Universitário, APPsyCI-Applied Psychology Research Center Capabilities & Inclusion, Lisboa, Portugal. 3Departamento de Biociências, ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal / Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Lisboa, Portugal / Champalimaud Center for the Unknown, Neurosciences, Lisboa, Portugal. Correspondência. ABSTRACT. The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) is a Theory of Mind task that assesses the ability to understand others' mental states in both healthy and clinical populations. The goal of the present study was to translate the revised version of the adults' RMET to the Portuguese (European) language, investigate item validity for this version and differences ...
Experimental psychology emerged as a modern academic discipline in the 19th century when Wilhelm Wundt introduced a mathematical and experimental approach to the field.Introduction to Experimental Psychology Consciousness (Chapter 3 in Myers) Consciousness as a process: The study of consciousness has a frustratingly long history in.Introduction to Educational Psychology What is Educational Psychology.Experimental psychology is an approach to psychology that treats it as one of the natural sciences, and therefore assumes that it is susceptible to the experimental.. The birth of experimental psychology as a discipline in its own right is often dated from the appearance of Wilhelm Wundt's great handbook, the Grundzüge der...Introduction to the basic topics of psychology, including learning, motivation, cognition, development, abnormal, physiological, social, and personality ...
luxebeatPosted By luxebeat on Jul 14, 2014. By Colin Christopher. For people in chronic pain or who have long-term emotional, mental, or addiction issues, hypnosis may not be the first therapeutic option that springs to mind. As one of the least known treatments, hypnosis is still thought of by many as merely parlour tricks and dismissed by some as quackery when it comes to any potential for actual healing. That perception is slowly changing, as more education gets out and more high profile celebrities use hypnosis for a wide variety of ailments. A recent example was when Princess Kate Middleton used it to overcome a food aversion brought on from dealing with morning sickness during her pregnancy.. During hypnosis, the body is completely relaxed and the mind is calm, yet still active. What a hypnotherapist does is bypass active consciousness and access the subconscious part of the mind. This is where many of our more primal emotions and motivations originate. These urges evolved over thousands ...
It has been assumed that a deep voice, chiseled features and a handsome face are physical characteristics that indicate a man possesses superior semen as well. However, in a recent study where scientists analyzed the semen of relatively lower pitched versus higher pitched voice males, quality semen is not always what a girl finds in her choice of man.. Previous studies have shown that women have a preference for males with deep voices. It is believed that this preference is based on a subconscious (or not) desire by women to find a mate who is a good reproductive choice.. In a recent study published in the scientific journal PLosONE, researchers from the University of Western Australia decided to put to the test the phenotype-linked fertility hypothesis that proposes that male secondary sexual characteristics such as build, beauty and a baritone voice are positively related to semen quality. The researchers back up their scientific rationale for the experiment by telling us that male secondary ...
Throughout his childhood Charles Harrison suffered from the effects of sleep bruxism. By the age of nine his teeth were flat as if they were filed down.. After years of research and thousands of dollars spent on remedies that did nothing to stop his bruxism he finally discovered a way to stop grindign his teeth at night by making simple life changes and performing daily two minute exercises. Discover more about his program 'Save Your Smile, Stop Grinding'. Tooth grinding may be affecting up to 50% of the population. Because it's a subconscious activity, it's often a partner who notices that you're grinding teeth during the night or even during the day. The affected person may notice frequent headaches, tight, tense, or jaw pain and sore facial muscles, and sensitive teeth or worn down tooth surfaces. Grinding teeth can cause damage to the temporomandibular joint, which is the joint that connects the two halves of the jaw. This damage leads to a condition known as TMJ.. TMJ is an abbreviation for ...
The scene of the accident was horrific. A semi-truck travelling at a high rate of speed had slammed into the side of a highway patrol car. It took the 45 minutes to extricate the highway patrolman from his car. He was then airlifted to a hospital for the treatment of his severe injuries, which included a brain injury. A.V. had an alteration of consciousness at the scene and his Glasgow Coma Scale score was 3, indicating a severe brain injury. Other injuries included blunt chest and abdominal trauma, a right T2 transverse process spine fracture, a fracture to the right clavicle and fractures to the right first rib. An MRI of the brain revealed a subdural hematoma, cerebral contusions in the left temporal and bilateral frontal and parietal lobes, a right temporoparietal head laceration, a left temporoparietal skull fracture, and diffuse axonal injury to the white matter tracts in the brain.. Once A.V. had been medically stabilized, he was transferred to an acute rehabilitation facility for ...
This paper reports on the child's perception of parental involvement and the effect it has on grades in mathematics, science, social studies, and language arts. The study specifically involved the relationship between the value the children perceive the parents place on education and the value the children themselves place on education, the relationship between the child's perception of parents helping the child with homework in the elementary and middle school years and the amount of time the child spends on homework in high school, and the relationship between the children's perception of expectations the parents have for him/her and the expectations the children place on themselves. Questionnaires were given to 102 9th graders. The data was analyzed using correlation analyses and a one way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Implications for parents and educators are also noted ...