The fasting and postprandial serum concentrations of bile acids and other blood constituents were measured in a group of 10 clinically healthy, female, six-year-old captive red-eared terrapins (Trachemys scripta elegans). The terrapins were housed in a temperate room and maintained in four aquaria in which the water temperature ranged from 24 to 27°C and the temperature above the basking site ranged from 27 to 30°C. The serum concentrations of bile acids were measured four times in a period of five months, and at the second sampling the fasting and two postprandial (after 24 and 48 hours) serum concentrations of total protein, albumin, glucose, uric acid, cholesterol, triglycerides, alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, and bile acids were determined. Coelioscopy revealed vitellogenic and previtellogenic follicles on the ovaries of all the terrapins, and eggs with calcified shells were detected in two of them. The livers were mostly ...
Complete gross and histopathologic examinations of the oral cavity, tongue, pharynx, larynx, and glottis were performed in five Hawaiian green turtles Chelonia mydas with fibropapillomatosis. These examinations demonstrated that the oropharyngeal fibropapillomas were similar to characteristic external fibropapillomas previously described for green turtles. The size, appearance, and anatomic site of the tumors confirmed that these turtles presented total or partial occlusion of the nasopharynx, glottis, larynx, and adjacent tissues. The fibropapillomas of the oropharynx were considered locally invasive and severely modified the morphophysiology of respiration and feeding in these turtles. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of oropharyngeal fibropapillomatosis in sea turtles.. ...
More than twenty years of active research on green turtle (Chelonia mydas) in the South West Indian Ocean (SWIO) have contributed to improve the knowledge of the species biology and ecology. However, lots of gaps still remain regarding the links between the main behavioral processes: alimentation, reproduction and migration, while shifts in these processes at individual scale have major impacts at population scale. On this basis, we have started implementing a spatially explicit individual-based model (IBM) to assess population dynamics of the green turtle in the SWIO. Our simulation experiment aims to unify, in a single model, alimentation, navigation and reproduction constraints as well as potential changes in foraging or breeding sites.
Background: ChREBP (carbohydrate response element binding protein) is a glucose-responsive transcription factor that is known to be an important regulator of glycolytic and lipogenic genes in response to glucose. We hypothesized that activation of ChREBP could be relevant to anoxia survival by the anoxia-tolerant turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans. Methods: Expression of ChREBP in response to 5 and 20 h of anoxia was examined using RT-PCR and Western immunoblotting. In addition, subcellular localization and DNA-binding activity of ChREBP protein were assessed and transcript levels of liver pyruvate kinase (LPK), a downstream gene under ChREBP control were quantified using RT-PCR. Results: ChREBP was anoxia-responsive in kidney and liver, with transcript levels increasing by 1.2-1.8 fold in response to anoxia and protein levels increasing by 1.8-1.9 fold. Enhanced nuclear presence under anoxia was also observed in both tissues by 22-2.8 fold. A 4.2 fold increase in DNA binding activity of ChREBP was also
As a result of being exposed to numerous hazards and threats, the turtle population of this world has been minimized to just 7 species. And they are deemed to be globally threatened. Amongst the seven species of turtles dueling to exist in the monolithic oceans, five of them come to the coasts of our island to nest in the shores; they are the green turtle (Chelonia mydas), logger head turtle (Caretta caretta), hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys Imbricata), leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) and the olive ridley turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea). The leatherback turtle, commonly known as daara kesbewa the largest turtle in the world is declared as critically endangered in the IUCN Redlist as it is severely jeopardized. ...
Synopsis of the Biological Data on the Leatherback Sea Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) Biological Technical Publication BTP-R4015-2012 U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Guillaume Feuillet Synopsis of the Biological Data on the Leatherback Sea Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) Biological Technical Publication BTP-R4015-2012 U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Karen L. Eckert 1 Bryan P. Wallace 2 John G. Frazier 3 Scott A. Eckert 4 Peter C.H. Pritchard 5 1 Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle Conservation Network, Ballwin, MO 2 Conservation International, Arlington, VA 3 Smithsonian Institution, Front Royal, VA 4 Principia College, Elsah, IL 5 Chelonian Research Institute, Oviedo, FL iv Synopsis of the Biological Data on the Leatherback Sea Turtle Author Contact Information: Karen L. Eckert, Ph.D. Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle Conservation Network (WIDECAST) 1348 Rusticview Drive Ballwin, Missouri 63011 Phone: (314) 954-8571 E-mail: [email protected] Bryan P. Wallace, Ph.D. Sea Turtle Flagship Program Conservation ...
Synopsis of the Biological Data on the Leatherback Sea Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) Biological Technical Publication BTP-R4015-2012 U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Guillaume Feuillet Synopsis of the Biological Data on the Leatherback Sea Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) Biological Technical Publication BTP-R4015-2012 U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Karen L. Eckert 1 Bryan P. Wallace 2 John G. Frazier 3 Scott A. Eckert 4 Peter C.H. Pritchard 5 1 Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle Conservation Network, Ballwin, MO 2 Conservation International, Arlington, VA 3 Smithsonian Institution, Front Royal, VA 4 Principia College, Elsah, IL 5 Chelonian Research Institute, Oviedo, FL iv Synopsis of the Biological Data on the Leatherback Sea Turtle Author Contact Information: Karen L. Eckert, Ph.D. Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle Conservation Network (WIDECAST) 1348 Rusticview Drive Ballwin, Missouri 63011 Phone: (314) 954-8571 E-mail: [email protected] Bryan P. Wallace, Ph.D. Sea Turtle Flagship Program Conservation ...
To understand the role of the immune system with respect to disease in reptiles, there is the need to develop tools to assess the hosts immune response. An important tool is the development of molecular markers to identify immune cells, and these are limited for reptiles. We developed a technique for the cryopreservation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and showed that a commercially available anti-CD3 epsilon chain antibody detects a subpopulation of CD3 positive peripheral blood lymphocytes in the marine turtle Chelonia mydas. In the thymus and in skin inoculated with phytohemagglutinin, the same antibody showed the classical staining pattern observed in mammals and birds. For Western blot, the anti-CD3 antibodies identified a 17.6 kDa band in membrane proteins of peripheral blood mononuclear cell compatible in weight to previously described CD3 molecules. This is the first demostration of CD3+ cells in reptiles using specific antibodies....
Professors and degree students from CEU Cardenal Herrera University studied 200 specimens of freshwater turtles from eleven Valencian wetland areas, to determine the prevalence of Salmonella and Campylobacter in these animals, because of their potential risk of transmitting gastrointestinal diseases to humans, especially children. According to the results, published in the journal Plos One, 11% of the analysed specimens of freshwater turtles were found positive for Salmonella. However, Campylobacter was not detected in any of them. This is the first study to rule out terrapins as transmitters of campylobacteriosis to humans.. This Veterinary research group has used specimens of the native Emys orbicularis and of the exotic species Trachemys scripta elegans, found in eleven wetlands of the Valencian Region (Spain), including the marshes of Pego-Oliva, Xeraco, Cabanes or Peníscola, among others. In eight of the eleven wetlands the researchers found terrapins carriers of the bacteria Salmonella ...
Fibropapillomatosis (FP) of green turtles has a global distribution and causes debilitating tumours of the skin and internal organs in several species of marine turtles. FP is associated with a presently non-cultivable alphaherpesvirus Chelonid fibropapilloma-associated herpesvirus (CFPHV). Our aims were to employ quantitative PCR targeted to pol DNA of CFPHV to determine (i) if DNA sequesters by tumour size and/or cell type, (ii) whether subculturing of cells is a viable strategy for isolating CFPHV and (iii) whether CFPHV can be induced to a lytic growth cycle in vitro using chemical modulators of replication (CMRs), temperature variation or co-cultivation. Additional objectives included determining whether non-tumour and tumour cells behave differently in vitro and confirming the phenotype of cultured cells using cell-type-specific antigens. CFPHV pol DNA was preferentially concentrated in dermal fibroblasts of skin tumours and the amount of viral DNA per cell was independent of tumour size. Copy
Fibropapillomatosis (FP) of green turtles has a global distribution and causes debilitating tumours of the skin and internal organs in several species of marine turtles. FP is associated with a presently non-cultivable alphaherpesvirus Chelonid fibropapilloma-associated herpesvirus (CFPHV). Our aims were to employ quantitative PCR targeted to pol DNA of CFPHV to determine (i) if DNA sequesters by tumour size and/or cell type, (ii) whether subculturing of cells is a viable strategy for isolating CFPHV and (iii) whether CFPHV can be induced to a lytic growth cycle in vitro using chemical modulators of replication (CMRs), temperature variation or co-cultivation. Additional objectives included determining whether non-tumour and tumour cells behave differently in vitro and confirming the phenotype of cultured cells using cell-type-specific antigens. CFPHV pol DNA was preferentially concentrated in dermal fibroblasts of skin tumours and the amount of viral DNA per cell was independent of tumour size. Copy
Welcome to the The Center for Hearing Loss Help Local Pages. Here you can find local information about Ear Care in West Fargo, ND. We have compiled a list of businesses and services around around West Fargo, including Ear, Nose and Throat Specialists, and Audiologists that should help you with your search. In order to better help you find what you are looking for, the rest of the information on this page has also been targeted to Ear Nose & Throat. We hope this page helps satisfy your local needs.
Welcome to the The Center for Hearing Loss Help Local Pages. Here you can find local information about Ear Care in Ann Arbor, MI. We have compiled a list of businesses and services around around Ann Arbor, including Ear, Nose and Throat Specialists, and Audiologists that should help you with your search. In order to better help you find what you are looking for, the rest of the information on this page has also been targeted to Ear Nose & Throat. We hope this page helps satisfy your local needs.
Green Sea Turtles and their eggs were once a food source for native Pacific Islanders. The meat, viscera, and eggs supplied a nutritious and succulent alternative to the more common food sources, such as fish, birds, shellfish, coconuts, breadfruit, and taro. The adult female turtles were especially prized due to their large quantities of fat. The utilization of Green Sea Turtles for food and other purposes was often under strict control, usually from some form of island council or tribal chief. Religious, ceremonial, and other traditional restrictions on the capture, killing, distribution, and consumption of Green Sea Turtles played an important role in their utilization. For example, in the Hawaiian Islands there were families that considered the Green Sea Turtle to be a personal family deity or aumakua. Artistic elements of Green Sea Turtles have also been featured prominently in some cultures of the Pacific, such as in petroglyphs and tattoo designs. Green Sea Turtle populations have ...
Mitochondrial (mt) DNA sequences were analysed to resolve the phylogeography and population genetic structure of Atlantic and Mediterranean populations of green turtles (Chelonia mydas). Analysis of sequence variation over 487 base pairs of the control (D-loop) region identified 18 haplotypes among 147 individuals from nine nesting populations. Pairwise comparisons of haplotype frequencies distinguished most nesting colonies, indicating significant genetic differentiation among rookeries and a strong propensity for natal homing behaviour by nesting females. Comparison of control region sequence data to earlier restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) data for the same individuals demonstrates approximately a sixfold higher substitution rate in the 5′ end of the control region. The sequence data provide higher resolution both in terms of the number of mtDNA genotype variants and the phylogeographic relationships detected within the Atlantic region, and reveal a gene genealogy that ...
Consul General Jennifer Galt.. While the crowd watched, the rehabilitated turtles began their second chance in life as they scrambled safely back to their ocean home. Four months ago, the sea turtles were injured by plastic pollution and rescued by Sea Turtles 911. The turtles immediately became internet stars after an online campaign raised awareness about their rescue and conservation. Two of the rescued turtles were endangered green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas) named Ye and Qiu, while one of the turtles was a critically endangered hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) named Tutu, after an online voting poll that involved tens of thousands of people from the internet community. Founder of Sea Turtles 911, Frederick Yeh, said, Sea turtles are migratory animals that serve as natural ambassadors of the ocean; as communities and countries work together to preserve this natural resource for future generations, our shared mission to save sea turtles nurtures a peaceful platform of ...
The Chinese soft-shelled turtle, Pelodiscus sinensis, is well adapted to aquatic environments, including brackish swamps and marshes. It is ureotelic, and occasionally submerges its head into puddles of water during emersion, presumably for buccopharyngeal respiration. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that the buccophyaryngeal cavity constitutes an important excretory route for urea in P. sinensis. Results indicate that a major portion of urea was excreted through the mouth instead of the kidney during immersion. When restrained on land, P. sinensis occasionally submerged their head into water (20-100 min), during which urea excretion and oxygen extraction occurred simultaneously. These results indicate for the first time that buccopharyngeal villiform processes (BVP) and rhythmic pharyngeal movements were involved in urea excretion in P. sinensis. Urea excretion through the mouth was sensitive to phloretin inhibition, indicating the involvement of urea transporters (UTs). In ...
The effects of anoxic submergence (16 h at 15°C) on cellular mRNA contents were assessed in five organs of anoxia tolerant turtles Trachemys scripta elegans. Poly(A)+ RNA was extracted from liver, red and white skeletal muscle, kidney and heart of control and anoxic turtles, as well as from heart and kidney of turtles allowed 24 h aerobic recovery (at 15°C) after anoxia exposure. Poly(A)+ RNA content increased by 30% in white muscle from anoxic turtles relative to control animals but was unchanged by metabolic state in other organs. Extracted mRNA was translated in vitro in a wheat germ lysate system and the 35S-labelled polypeptides that were produced were separated by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Overall translational activity of the mRNA pool [cpm 35S-methionine incorporated per microgram poly(A)+ RNA] was altered by anoxia exposure in three organs, increasing by 38 and 18% in liver and kidney and decreasing by 42% in red muscle. Anoxia exposure also led to ...
On 13 November 2020, the Directorate of Fisheries (DFISH) under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam convened a ceremony to recognize Con Dao National Park as the 11th Site of the Network of Sites of Importance for Marine Turtles in the Indian Ocean - South-East Asia Region. Con Dao National Park was accepted as a Site following the decision of the 8th Meeting of Signatory States to IOSEA in October last year in Da Nang, Viet Nam. Con Dao National Park offers important nesting beaches, as well as feeding habitats for Green Turtles (Chelonia mydas) and Hawksbill Turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata).. ...
The importance of epigenetics has been established in many key biological processes but the relevance of this regulatory mechanism to animal survival of low oxygen conditions has never been examined. To establish whether epigenetic mechanisms could be involved in natural anoxia tolerance, we have examined the anoxia-responsive expression of the transcriptional silencers, histone deacetylases (HDACs), in tissues of a unique model for anoxia tolerance, the freshwater turtle Trachemys scripta elegans. Transcript and protein levels of all five HDACs rose by 1.3-4.6 and 1.7-3.5-fold, respectively, in skeletal muscle in response to 20 h of anoxia exposure. In addition, HDAC activity in the muscle increased by 1.5-fold in response to 20 h of anoxia and levels of acetylated histone H3 (Lys 9 or Lys 23) decreased to 40-60% of control values. The liver displayed a milder response with HDAC1, -4, and -5 protein levels increasing by 1.6-2.1-fold after 5 h anoxia exposure; acetylated histone H3 levels also ...
Shaleyla Kelez, Emily Bryant, Jennifer Laliberte, Daniel Dunn, Wallace J. Nichols and Larry B. Crowder. 2008. Mapping fisheries and their potential threat to sea turtles in the eastern Pacific Ocean. In: Rees, A.F., M. Frick, A. Panagopoulou and K. Williams., compilers. Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Annual Symposium on Sea Turtle Biology and Conservation. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SEFSC-569, 262 p.. Several sea turtle populations in the Central and South East Pacific Ocean (from Mexico to Chile) are currently experiencing critically low numbers. Species affected include; i. The hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) - whose numbers have been so low that it is considered rare since the 1980s, ii. The leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) - nesting numbers at several beaches have declined drastically in the last 20 years with some populations that numbered in the thousands now approaching regional extirpation, iii. The loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) - Both nesting ...
An optical recording slider includes a slider body having a leading slider edge, a trailing slider edge and a center line extending from the leading slider edge to the trailing slider edge. The slider body carries an optical head along the center line. First and second longitudinal rails are positioned on the slider body. A third longitudinal rail is positioned on the slider body, between the first and second longitudinal rails and forward of the optical head. The third rail has a leading section, a waist section and a trailing rail edge. The leading section is rectangular and extends from the leading slider edge to the waist section. The waist section widens from a first width at the rectangular leading section to a maximum width of the third rail and then narrows from the maximum width toward the trailing rail edge. A recessed area extends from the leading slider edge to the trailing slider edge, between the first, second and third rails.
Courtesy of IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. A new study from the Tortoise & Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group of the IUCN reports that more than half of the worlds 328 turtle and tortoise species are threatened with extinction, which makes them the most endangered group of vertebrate animals. The worlds seven sea turtle species are not included in this statistic.. Turtles are often hunted for food, pets or medicinal use, according to TreeHugger.com. Pollution and habitat loss are also contributing to their demise. The highest percentage of threatened turtles are found in Asia, where rare turtles are commonly sold on the black market for tens of thousands of dollars.. Click here for the top-25 list of endangered turtles and the Turtles in Trouble report.. --Whitney Dreier. ...
Many animals, including sea turtles, alter their movements and home range in relation to the particular type and quality of the habitat occupied. When suff
Shaleyla Kelez, Emily Bryant, Jennifer Laliberte, Daniel Dunn, Wallace J. Nichols and Larry B. Crowder. 2008. Mapping fisheries and their potential threat to sea turtles in the eastern Pacific Ocean. In: Rees, A.F., M. Frick, A. Panagopoulou and K. Williams., compilers. Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Annual Symposium on Sea Turtle Biology and Conservation. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SEFSC-569, 262 p.. Several sea turtle populations in the Central and South East Pacific Ocean (from Mexico to Chile) are currently experiencing critically low numbers. Species affected include; i. The hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) - whose numbers have been so low that it is considered rare since the 1980s, ii. The leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) - nesting numbers at several beaches have declined drastically in the last 20 years with some populations that numbered in the thousands now approaching regional extirpation, iii. The loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) - Both nesting ...
Salmonellosis is certainly the most frequent and major zoonosis transmitted by reptiles, especially turtles.[30, 31] Of all zoonoses, Salmonella infections present the most significant hazard to children, as they are at greater risk of disease than are adults, because children and animals are frequently in close contact with each other, and handwashing prac-tices in children are often not well-developed.[32] Pet turtles have been recognized as a major source of human salmonellosis since Hershey and Mason isolated Salmonella hartford from the pet turtle of a 7-month-old infant with Salmonella hartford gastroenteritis.[33] Subsequent investigations established that 14% of the estimated 2 million cases of human salmonellosis in the United States between 1970 and 1971 were linked to pet turtles, mainly the red eared turtle (Pseudemys scripta elegans).[34] With annual sales of 15 million turtles zoonotic salmonellosis was a growing problem. By 1975 commercial distribution of turtles less than 4 ...
Hargrove, Stacy A.; Work, Thierry M.; Brunson, Shandell; Foley, Allen Michael; Balazs, George H.; Girard, Alexandre; Stacy, Brian A. (Brian Adams); Diez, Carlos; Baptistotte, Cecilia; Limpus, Colin James; Walsh, Daniel; Lynch, Jennifer; Jones, Karina; Ehrhart, Llewellyn; Chaloupka, Milani; Van Houtan, Kyle Schuyler, 1974-; Murakawa, Shawn K. K ...
Young loggerhead turtles use magnetic fields to navigate around the entire North Atlantic basin during their solo marathon migrations - just as this years batch of new hatchlings set out on their journeys.
An outline of a talk given to the BCG Symposium in Bristol on 23rd March 2002.. Sea turtles are remarkable creatures inhabiting the seas and oceans for over 150 million years. Despite intensive research, debates and legal protection measures throughout the world, many populations of the seven species are now endangered. Three sea turtle species are found in the Mediterranean, two of which nest there and once boasted abundant populations: the loggerhead (Caretta caretta) and the green turtle (Chelonia mydas). The leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea) is a rare visitor. Mediterranean sea turtles, which are genetically isolated, suffered from heavy commercial exploitation (estimated to have reached 100,000) until as recently as the late 1960s and are increasingly threatened by nesting habitat degradation due to coastal development that is mainly tourist-oriented. The species most affected by these factors is the green turtle, recently declared critically endangered by the IUCN: only 500 - 1,000 ...
Case opinion for US 11th Circuit LOGGERHEAD TURTLE v. COUNTY COUNCIL OF VOLUSIA COUNTY FLORIDA. Read the Courts full decision on FindLaw.
Sarmiento-Ramírez, J. M., Abella, E., Martín, M. P., Tellería, M. T., López-Jurado, L. F., Marco, A. and Diéguez-Uribeondo, J. (2010), Fusarium solani is responsible for mass mortalities in nests of loggerhead sea turtle, Caretta caretta, in Boavista, Cape Verde. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 312: 192-200. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6968.2010.02116.x ...
en] Sea turtles including the green turtle Chelonia mydas and the hawksbill turtle Eretmochelys imbricata are critically endangered species, facing different factors as marine pollution. There is a blatant lack of data dealing with toxicants such as metals and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in sea turtles. We developed a strategy to apprehend levels, effects and transfer to offspring of several pollutants in sea turtles. Sampling of blood, subcutaneous tissue and eggs of 15 gravid C. mydas and E. imbricata was carried out between July and September 2008 in Martinique (Diamants beach) and Guadeloupe (Petite Terre and Marie-Galante). Blood was collected from the dorso-cervical sinus and subcutaneous tissue was sampled in shoulder of the spawning females using a 5 mm biopsy punch (Kai Europe GmbH, Germany). Total blood and serum were successfully taken for metal, POP and biomarker investigations. T-mercury was analyzed by DMA milestones while PCBs, DDT and chlordecone were analyzed by EDC ...
New research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill provides valuable insight into the navigation and nesting behaviors of loggerhead sea turtles that could inform future conservation efforts. Loggerhead sea turtles that nest on beaches with similar magnetic fields are genetically similar to one another, according to a new study by UNC-Chapel Hill […]
The eastern snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina) is widely distributed throughout the eastern and central U.S. and may be a useful model organism to study land use impacts on water quality. We compared the reproductive condition of C. serpentina from a pond impacted by runoff from land applied with animal manure from a concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFOs) relative to the condition of animals from a control pond not impacted by agriculture in an undisturbed forest. Turtles from the CAFO site compared to the control site were significantly heavier and had higher plasma concentrations of vitellogenin (mean ± SE; VTG, females; 859±115 vs. 401±127 ng/mL plasma, respectively) and testosterone (T, males; 39±7.0 vs. 3.8±6.9 ng/mL plasma, respectively). No VTG was detected in any males. Body mass was positively corrrelated with VTG and T. Our results suggest that nutrient pollution of the CAFO pond indirectly resulted in higher plasma VTG in females and T in males because of an increase in ...
Introduction Marine turtles are important components of the Sulu-Sulawesi Marine Ecoregion, (SSME). Green turtles are important for maintaining healthy seagrass beds and coral reefs. Without constant grazing, seagrass beds may become overgrown, obstructing currents, shading the bottom, or decomposing. Seagrass beds in turn are nurseries for a number of species of commercial fish and crustaceans, including shrimp. On coral reefs, green turtles crop algae that can compete with corals. Hawksbill turtles control the population of sponges in coral reefs, which can easily out-compete corals for the same space. Through selective foraging, hawksbill turtles are able to impact the overall reef diversity. Leatherback turtles eat large quantities amounts of jellyfish, helping to keep their populations under control. Jellyfish prey on larval fish, many species of which are economically important to humans. Loggerhead turtles are known to help recirculate sediments on the seabed and distribute nutrients ...
Freshwater turtles are reptiles, like snakes, crocodilians and lizards. Like other reptiles, they are ectothermic, or cold-blooded, meaning that their internal temperature matches that of their surroundings. They also have a scaly skin, enabling them, as opposed to most amphibians, to live outside of water. Also like many reptile species, turtles lay eggs (they are oviparous). But what makes them different to other reptiles is that turtles have a shell. This shell, composed of a carapace in the back and a plastron on the belly, is made of bony plates. These bones are covered by horny scutes made of keratin (like human fingernails) or leathery skin, depending on the species. All Canadian freshwater turtles can retreat in their shells and hide their entire body except the Common Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina). This shell is considered perhaps the most efficient form of armour in the animal kingdom, as adult turtles are very likely to survive from one year to the next. Indeed, turtles have ...
The other sea turtle, a Kemps ridley, was caught by a fisherman on Galveston Island earlier this month. The turtle was retrieved by NOAA staff and brought to senior zoo veterinarian, Dr. Joe Flanagan, where the turtle was anesthetized, and a fish hook was removed deep from its throat. After recovery from anesthesia, the turtle was treated with antibiotics and pain medication, and cared for by NOAA staff to assure it could eat and swallow normally. The turtle appeared to have no residual injuries so was released at the beach where it returned to the Gulf of Mexico.. People are urged to call 1-866-TURTLE-5 if they find, or accidentally catch, a sea turtle so that NOAA biologists can assess the turtle and provide care if needed.. There are five species of sea turtles inhabiting the Gulf of Mexico, all of which are threatened or endangered. They include the Kemps ridley, green, leatherback, Atlantic hawksbill, and loggerhead sea turtles.. Some of the threats sea turtles face in the Gulf ...
Fibropapillomatosis (FP) is a disease specific to sea turtles. The condition is characterized by benign but ultimately debilitating epithelial tumours on the surface of biological tissues. A herpesvirus is believed to be the causative agent of the disease, while turtle leeches are suspected mechanical vectors, transmitting the disease to other individuals. The disease is thought to have a multifactorial cause, including a tumour-promoting phase that is possibly caused by biotoxins or contaminants. FP exists all over the world, but it is most prominent in warmer climates, affecting up to 50%-70% of some populations. Fibropapillomatosis is a benign tumour disease of marine turtles, predominantly in the green sea turtle, Chelonia mydas, but it has also been reported in the loggerhead Caretta caretta, olive ridley Lepidochelys olivacea, Kemps ridley Lepidochelys kempii, and leatherbacks Dermochelys coriacea. This neoplastic disease causes proliferation of papillary cells (hyperplasia) and gives ...
GONZALES-VIERA, Omar; BAUER, G; BAUER, A; et al. Cutaneous fibroma in a captive common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina). Journal of Comparative Pathology, Oxford, v. 147, n. 4, p. 574-576, 2012. Disponível em: < http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcpa.2012.03.005 > DOI: 10.1016/j.jcpa.2012.03.005 ...
Some of the most interesting and useful leatherback sea turtle facts including its habitat, diet, reproduction and species have been discussed in this article.
Reptiles have a wide diversity of sex-determining mechanisms and types of sex chromosomes. Turtles exhibit temperature-dependent sex determination and genotypic sex determination, with male heterogametic (XX/XY) and female heterogametic (ZZ/ZW) sex chromosomes. Identification of sex chromosomes in many turtle species and their comparative genomic analysis are of great significance to understand the evolutionary processes of sex determination and sex chromosome differentiation in Testudines. The Mexican giant musk turtle (Staurotypus triporcatus, Kinosternidae, Testudines) and the giant musk turtle (Staurotypus salvinii) have heteromorphic XY sex chromosomes with a low degree of morphological differentiation; however, their origin and linkage group are still unknown. Cross-species chromosome painting with chromosome-specific DNA from Chinese soft-shelled turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) revealed that the X and Y chromosomes of S. triporcatus have homology with P. sinensis chromosome 6, which corresponds to
Dmrt1 has been implicated as an important factor in sex determination in all classes of vertebrates, including reptiles with temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD). Specifically, early embryonic expression of Dmrt1 appears to be an integral part of normal testicular development in vertebrates. Recently, a number of TSD studies have placed Dmrt1 expression at the top of a short list of putative temperature-sensitive events for TSD. Dmrt1 expression has been shown to be up-regulated at male-producing temperatures during the thermosensitive period (TSP) of several TSD reptile species. An interesting finding in Dmrt1 studies of fish and amphibians has been that in species where exogenous steroids can stimulate sex reversal, Dmrt1 expression can also be manipulated by these steroid treatments. In the current study, we examine the effects of exogenous 17β-estradiol treatment on Dmrt1 expression at male-producing temperature (26°C) in a reptile with TSD, the red-eared slider turtle,Trachemys ...
Homepage. The goal of my research is to understand the physiological mechanisms underlying the control of behavior. My main focus is the spinal cord and brainstem control of limb movements in the turtle (Trachemys scripta elegans). The nervous system must generate precise temporal sequences of muscle contraction when an organism produces a coordinated movement. These programmed sequences of muscle activity are referred to as motor patterns, and are produced by rhythmically active networks of nerve cells called central pattern generators (CPGs) in the central nervous system. Most of my research has examined cellular and network-level mechanisms that are utilized by spinal cord CPGs in the turtle to generate coordinated scratching and swimming movements of the hindlimbs. More recently, I have begun investigating (1) pre-motor command systems in the turtle brainstem that activate locomotor CPGs in the spinal cord, and (2) the limb kinematics and EMG motor patterns that underlie lateral (yaw) ...
Common Name: Green sea turtle. Latin Name: Chelonia mydas. Size/weight: Green turtles are the largest of all the hard-shelled sea turtles. They can grow up to 4 feet long and 400+ pounds.. Range: Tropical and sub-tropical waters around the world. In the western Atlantic, as far north as Massachusetts (including Long Island Sound) in summers. Nesting occurs in over 80 countries.. Habitat: Primarily coastal areas, where theyll find the plants they eat. Diet: Adult green turtles are unique among sea turtles in that they eat only plants; they are herbivorous, feeding primarily on seagrasses and algae. This diet is thought to give them greenish-colored fat, from which they take their name.. Predators: Newly hatched turtles are vulnerable to everything from raccoons and gulls to crabs and large fish. Some sharks may prey on adult sea turtles.. Read more ... ...
Seven of Ontarios eight native freshwater turtle species are currently at risk. WPC has been working on the problem since 2004, when we launched a research
Sea turtles are also suffering as seas and beaches are becoming polluted. Discarded plastic, toxic to sea turtles, often gets ingested. Many sea turtle hatchlings get caught in trash on the beach and are eaten by predators. Large fishing trawlers also sometimes catch sea turtles, cut off their flippers to get them out of the net, and then leave them to die. These issues must be dealt with to ensure these magnificent animals continue to have a future. Conservation On a more positive note, there is also a lot of work done for the conservation of turtles in India. One well known and effective venture has focussed on the protection of Olive Ridley sea turtles on the coasts of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. Sea turtles always return to the beach they were born on in order to lay their eggs. These eggs and hatchlings often come under threat from humans and predators like stray dogs. A major conservation effort has been turtle walks. The turtle walks involve many local people who carefully dig up ...
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Microsphere and morphometric techniques were used to investigate any circulatory changes that accompany secretion by the salt glands of hatchling Chelonia mydas. Salt glands were activated by a salt l
The Alabama map turtle (Graptemys pulchra) is a species of emydid turtle endemic to the southern United States. Differentiation from other turtle species includes a black stripe running down the center of its back with knobs extruding from it, but these projections wear down with age. T.H. Bean and L. Kumlen first collected the Alabama map turtle in July 1876 from a lake near Montgomery, Alabama. Type locality for this species is Montgomery County, Alabama. Baur described and named the Alabama map turtle in 1893. The genus Graptemys includes nine species of mostly aquatic turtles. The Alabama map turtle has a unique location to its habitat in the Southeast. It is endemic to the Mobile Bay drainage basin and inhabits the lotic (flowing water) areas of Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, and possibly Louisiana. It ranges from the Pearl River in Mississippi and Louisiana eastward to the Yellow River in Florida and Alabama. The IUCN lists the Alabama map turtle as near threatened. Alabama lists ...
Chelonia mydas, conocida como Tortuga verde, es una tortuga marina perteneciente a la familia Cheloniidae. Es la única especie en el género Chelonia. Su área de dispersión se extiende a través de las áreas tropicales y subtropicales del mundo, con dos poblaciones distintivas en los océanos Atlántico y Pacífico. Su nombre común deriva de la grasa verde debajo de su caparazón. Chelonia mydas posee un cuerpo dorsoventral aplanado cubierto por un carapacho en forma de lágrima y aletas en forma de remo. Posee una coloración clara, con excepción a su carapacho que cuenta con tonos que varían desde al marrón oliva al negro en los individuos del Pacífico oriental. A diferencia de otros miembros de su familia como la tortuga Carey (Eretmochelys imbricata) o la careta (Caretta caretta), la tortuga verde es mayoritariamente herbívora. Los adultos comúnmente habitan las lagunas costeras someras, alimentándose de varias especies de algas. Durante la época de reproducción las hembras ...
Chelonia mydas, conocida como Tortuga verde, es una tortuga marina perteneciente a la familia Cheloniidae. Es la única especie en el género Chelonia. Su área de dispersión se extiende a través de las áreas tropicales y subtropicales del mundo, con dos poblaciones distintivas en los océanos Atlántico y Pacífico. Su nombre común deriva de la grasa verde debajo de su caparazón. Chelonia mydas posee un cuerpo dorsoventral aplanado cubierto por un carapacho en forma de lágrima y aletas en forma de remo. Posee una coloración clara, con excepción a su carapacho que cuenta con tonos que varían desde al marrón oliva al negro en los individuos del Pacífico oriental. A diferencia de otros miembros de su familia como la tortuga Carey (Eretmochelys imbricata) o la careta (Caretta caretta), la tortuga verde es mayoritariamente herbívora. Los adultos comúnmente habitan las lagunas costeras someras, alimentándose de varias especies de algas. Durante la época de reproducción las hembras ...
To determine how well the sea turtle hatchlings could perform after their walk on the treadmill, the hatchlings swam in a small tank using a specially designed swimsuit. Researchers measured oxygen consumption and lactate accumulation as well as their breathing rates and stroke rates - that is how fast they were paddling their flippers. (Photo credit: Jay Paredes) If everything goes as planned, a newly hatched sea turtle should be able to crawl from its nest to the ocean in a couple of minutes. This trek happens in the first 24 hours when they emerge from their nests and is referred to as the frenzy period. Just like biathletes, these hatchlings sprint from the beach to the surf and then swim a long distance to reach their home. Unfortunately, things dont always go as nature planned.. Scientists believe that sea turtle hatchlings have an innate instinct that guides them toward the brightest low horizon and away from tall dark silhouettes, which orients them toward the oceans surf. However, ...
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Increased Cattle Grazing in Desert Tortoise Habitat. BARSTOW, Calif.- A judge agreed with conservation groups October 1 and ordered the Bureau of Land Management to hold off on its decision to increase cattle grazing on 136,167 acres of public land. This desert region, known as the Ord Mountain Allotment, includes 101,033 acres of federally protected critical habitat for the desert tortoise, within a Desert Wildlife Management Area that the Bureau is supposed to manage to protect threatened desert tortoises and other imperiled animals and plants.. In his decision, Administrative Law Judge Harvey C. Sweitzer agreed with the conservation groups that the Bureau of Land Managements decision to increase the number of cattle authorized was invalid. The agency had failed to provide a rational basis for an increase in grazing above its own estimates of the carrying capacity of the allotment.. The Bureau of Land Management cannot continue to make decisions regarding grazing that fail to take into ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about Desert tortoise at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Desert tortoise easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
So, you have decided that a turtle is the right pet for you? Congratulations from the Four Seasons Animal Hospital! While aquatic turtles are personable, popular pets, their upkeep can be labor intensive so here is some information to get you started.
At the time the aurora turtle lived, the Arctic Ocean was probably even more separated from the global oceanic circulation system than it is today. Numerous rivers from the adjacent continents would have poured fresh water into the ancient Arctic sea. Since fresh water is lighter than marine water, Tarduno thinks it may have rested on top of the salty ocean water, allowing a freshwater animal such as the aurora turtle to migrate with relative ease.. Tarduno also believes its possible that the same volcanic rock may not have allowed only the turtles migration, but also would have contributed to creating the climate in which the turtle thrived.. We found this turtle right on top of the last flood basalts-a large stretch of lava from a series of giant volcanic eruptions, says Tarduno. That leads us to believe that the warming may have been caused by volcanoes pumping tremendous amounts of carbon dioxide into the Earths atmosphere. Theres evidence that this volcanic activity happened all ...
(ANIMAL NEWS) TRINIDAD - In an area where tourists flock to admire the incalcuable amount of endangered leatherback turtles laying their eggs, you would think
Superior medial border of right scapula (Levator Scapula/Rhomboid area). Change of the patients condition during and after session:. Prior to session patient shoulder were tight, ability to rotate neck restricted and sinuses had pressure, also a point of pain at superior medial border of right scapula (LScap/Rhomboids). Post session trapezius muscle softened, shoulders dropped in a relaxation response, neck turned freely, pain was totally eliminated and sinus pressure was diminished, and breathing was non-labored. Patient noted, Now I can breathe though my nose. Lower back pain was eliminated in earlier sessions not using the Slider.. Total number of sessions: With 735AG Slider - 2; with DOVE and/or 735AG Modific - 3-4 times per month.. Total time of treatment (days, weeks): About 30-35 sessions (uses SC as she needs to when bringing in her son for therapy). Final result of treatment:. Upper back (rhomboid) pain, neck tightness and sinus congestion is always eliminated during the session. ...
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redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online. Researchers at NISTs Hollings Marine Laboratory (HML) and four partner organizations have measured for the first time concentrations of 13 perfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs) in five endangered species of sea turtles. While PFC toxicology studies have not yet been conducted on turtles, the levels of the compounds seen in all five species approach the amounts known to cause unfavorable health effects in other animals.. PFCs are man-made compounds that have many uses including stain-resistant coatings, fire-fighting foams and emulsifiers in plastics manufacturing. They are detectable in human and wildlife samples worldwide, infiltrate food chains, and have been shown in laboratory animals - rats, mice and fish - to be toxic to the liver, the thyroid, neurobehavioral function and the immune system. The PFCs most frequently found in the environment are perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA).. Located in Charleston, S.C., ...
DELAVAN, Wis. - A reward of $1,000 is being offered for information leading to the arrest of whoever beat a snapping turtle at a Wisconsin golf course.. The Department of Natural Resources says it happened Monday between 7:30 and 9:30 a.m. at the Delbrook Golf Club in Delavan. The turtle was a female looking for a place to lay her eggs. She was found lying in a sand bunker and apparently had been beaten with a golf club. Wildlife rehabilitators say the turtle had holes in her shell and also was struck in the right eye. Surgery was planned Tuesday. The DNR says the turtle has about a 40 percent chance of survival. The Global Conservation Group of Wisconsin is offering the reward. Anyone with information can call the DNR Hotline at 1-800-TIP-WDNR.. ...
Case 1. While vacationing with her family in Wisconsin in late July 2004, a Kansas girl aged 4 years was taken to an emergency department with diarrhea and fever of 4 days duration. Her mother was instructed to keep the child on a clear liquid diet until the diarrhea ceased, and the child was released. The next day, the patient was taken to an urgent-care clinic for treatment of bloody diarrhea, cramps, and fever. Stool cultures yielded Salmonella enterica serotype Pomona, a rare serotype. The child was placed on a 3-day course of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, and the illness resolved after 5 days. Epidemiologic investigation by the Wisconsin Division of Public Health (WDPH) determined that the family had purchased a small turtle at a souvenir shop (store A) in northwest Wisconsin. Warned by the public health nurse of the possible link between the turtle and the childs illness, the family removed the turtle, so the animal was not available for testing. Cases 2 and 3. In July 2004, a boy aged ...
The largest rookery for hawksbill turtles in the oceanic South Pacific is the Arnavon Islands, which are located in the Manning Strait between Isabel and Choiseul Province, Solomon Islands. The history of this rookery is one of overexploitation, conflict and violence. Throughout the 1800s Roviana he …
Oman - Plant and animal life: Because of the low precipitation, vegetation is sparse except where there is irrigation, which is provided by an ancient system of water channels known as aflāj (singular: falaj). The channels often run underground and originate in wells near mountain bases. The aflāj collectively were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2006. Acacia trees form most of what little natural vegetation exists, and the soil is extremely rocky; plant species are protected in nature preserves. The government also protects rare animal species, such as the Arabian oryx, Arabian leopard, mountain goat, and loggerhead turtle. Omans birdlife is extraordinarily diverse and
Under the tutelage of Master Splinter, these four teens have spent their formative years fighting their nemesis, Shredder, and his evil army. But the turtles world we have come to know and love is about to change. If you thought Shredder was bad, wait until you meet the newest TMNT foe, Dragon Lord! It will take all the power for the turtles to combat this new villain, lucky for them, they will have help from a new ninja turtle, a female turtle named Venus De Milo
Recently released footage shows a neon glow bouncing off a turtles shell in the Solomon Islands. A Hawksbill sea turtle glowing green with streaks of red in a coral reef is said to be the first biofluorescent reptile discovered. While searching for small species of biofluorescent sharks, David Gruber, a City University of New York assistant professor and marine biologist spotted the turtle during a dive. According to Gruber, scientists have hypothesized that biofluorescence has a potential
Five-year Status Reviews of Sea Turtles Listed Under the Endangered Species Act of 1 973 January 1985 ,*,* OFc °, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration S ^H^ National Marine Fisheries Service Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2012 with funding from LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation http://www.archive.org/details/fiveyearstatusreOOmage rf, gggteg r/ Wf NT Of Five-year Status Reviews of Sea Turtles Listed Under the Endangered Species Act of 1 973 Prepared by Andreas Mager, Jr. National Marine Fisheries Service Protected Species Management Branch Duval Building, 9450 Kroger Boulevard St. Petersburg, Florida 33702 January 1985 ■ r U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Malcolm Baldrige, Secretary National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Anthony J. Calio, Acting Administrator National Marine Fisheries Service William G. Gordon, Assistant Administrator for Fisheries Jack T. Brawner, Southeast Regional Director CONTENTS Introduction 1 Acknowledgements 3 STATUS ...
A resource for the reptiles and amphibians of Australia, and the world featuring many pages, maps and lists. Some subjects covered are Snakes and Lizards, Crocodiles ,Turtles,and Amphibians, including Colubrid snakes, Mud snakes,Pythons, Elapids (called Cobras or Coral Snakes in some countries), Sea Snakes, File Snakes, Blind (or Worm) Snakes, Sea Turtles, Freshwater Turtles (or Tortoises) Dragon Lizards (Agamas), Geckos, Legless Lizards Monitor Lizards (often called Goannas in Australia), Skinks and other Reptile species
The Bermuda Turtle Project, the longest-running study in the world on juvenile green turtles and hawksbill turtles has reached a milestone. And for th
Nesting ecology of the leatherback turtle, Dermochelys coriacea, at Parque Nacional Marino Las Baulas, Costa Rica: 1988-1989 to 1999-2000. Reina, R.D., Mayor, P.A., Spotila, J.R., Piedra, R., Paladino, F.V., 2002, Nesting ecology of the leatherback turtle, Dermochelys coriacea, at Parque Nacional Marino Las Baulas, Costa Rica: 1988-1989 to 1999-2000, Copeia, vol 3, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, New York NY USA, pp. 653-664.. ...
A new species of long-necked freshwater turtle of the family Chelidae is described from the Arnhem Land Plateau in the Northern Territory of Australia. The taxon is within the Chelodina expansa group of species and is the smallest member of that group. First collected by scientists some 20 years ago, research on the species has been hampered by its isolation - it is restricted to sparsely inhabited, rugged sandstone country of tropical northern Australia. It can be diagnosed by its broad, shortened and flattened skull, by the possession of a contiguous neural series and by the contact of the vomer and the pterygoids. It is clearly distinct from Chelodina rugosa in a canonical discriminant analysis. Preliminary data on natural history are also presented. Males examined in October-November had enlarged vascularised testes and epididymes distended with sperm. Females examined at the same time had regressed corpora lutea and atretic follicles from the previous nesting season, presumably in the ...
Why does one kind of turtle escape hungry tiger sharks, but another doesnt? National Geographics Crittercam® helps researchers find out how one turtle species stays off the sharks dinner menu.
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Pleurosternon bullockii is a turtle from the Early Cretaceous of Europe known from numerous postcranial remains. Only one skull has so far been referred to the species. Pleurosternon bullockii belongs to a group of turtles called pleurosternids, which is thought to include several poorly known taxa from the Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous of Europe and North America. Pleurosternids and baenids, a group of North American turtles that lived from the Late Cretaceous to the Eocene, define a clade called Paracryptodira. Additionally, Paracryptodira likely includes compsemydids, and, potentially, helochelydrids. Character support for Paracryptodira is relatively weak, and many global phylogenetic studies fail to support paracryptodiran monophyly altogether. Proposed paracryptodiran synapomorphies are largely cranial, despite the poor characterization of pleurosternid cranial material. In addition to their questionable monophyly, the global position of paracryptodires is debated. Early studies suggest crown
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TY - JOUR. T1 - A new species of Argillochelys (Testudines. T2 - Cryptodira: Cheloniidae) from the Ouled Abdoun phosphate basin, Morocco. AU - Tong, Haiyan. AU - Hirayama, Ren. PY - 2008. Y1 - 2008. N2 - A new species of Argillochelys (Testudines: Cryptodira: Cheloniidae), A. africana n. sp. is described on the basis of three skulls and a lower jaw from the Lower Tertiary beds of the Ouled Abdoun phosphate basin, Morocco. It differs from A. cuneiceps, A. antiqua and A. athersuchi essentially in the frontal well retracted from the orbital margin, with a broad prefrontal/postorbital contact, a more developed secondary palate, and the anterior part of the lower jaw more dorsoventrally flattened, with a wider triturating surface and a longer symphysis, without lingual ridge. This is the first record of Argillochelys from Africa.. AB - A new species of Argillochelys (Testudines: Cryptodira: Cheloniidae), A. africana n. sp. is described on the basis of three skulls and a lower jaw from the Lower ...
xvi + 312 pp., 497 color images, 97 color maps, 65 black & white illustrations. Amphibians, Reptiles, and Turtles in Kansas displays the herpetofauna of Kansas in vivid color, through the lens craft of co-author Suzanne L. Collins. Innovative features include the recognition of turtles (Class Chelonia) as a distinct evolutionary lineage, the inclusion of a phylogeny for the Phylum Chordata, and the elimination of subspecies for the traditionally recognized herpetofaunal groups. With over 1,700 entries, the bibliography in this book is the most complete ever assembled for a state field guide. The range maps are in color and dots show the specific county localities for each species. The text includes the most current data for each herpetofaunal species found in Kansas, in addition to their conservation status, where relevant. Richly illustrated identification keys can be useful in the field, as well as in the classroom and laboratory. Information on the identification, size, distribution, natural history,
I have a large and medium sized red ear slider and a smaller sized red belly. I've had the large red ear for about 2 - Answered by a verified Reptile Expert
This spring, if all goes as planned, the Marines will kill hundreds of desert tortoises in southern California. This is not the first such tortoise kill, b
0250] Capabilities which the system 500 and/or the system 500 combined with the system 200, provide to developers include, but are not limited to: specific device control for lights, thermostats, cameras, etc. is provided; simple device image toggle controls such as 1) choice of images to represent a devices state (on, off, unknown images) and placing it anywhere on the page; and 2) when an image is clicked, the devices command is sent to the system 200, and the image is updated appropriately (i.e. on or off image); slider controls, such as to control light levels, volume level and shade height. This allows developers to specify where the GUI will display a slider for setting a devices power/dim level as a percentage. The developer can choose the location, colors, image on the slider, direction (horizontal/vertical), increment (0 to 100 percent), steps (0, 33, 66, 99 percent), etc. Once the slider has been moved, the physical light is sent the appropriate command; dynamic device lists are ...
Turtles - Turtles are not easy or low maintenance reptiles. Generally, turtles (including the commonly found red eared sliders) are messy, long-lived, get quite
So youre out in the wilderness, Les Stroud style, and you need a fire. Stat. You would have bought a lighter but they didnt allow them on the plane. Fortunately, you remembered to pack your Pilot Slider USB Rechargeable Lighter! Available for $19.99 at ThinkGeek, $11.99 at Amazon and reportedly (from reviews) for less than five bucks in the checkout line at Walmart, it is nothing more than a rechargeable battery connected to a heating coil. Boasts 150 lights at a full charge and is weatherproof. But leaping from a cliff into a pool below to escape the wildlife in your area will probably kill it. Sure, you could keep a battery and some steel wool in two separate baggies but this is a sure-fire waA y to get that tinder lit when your chips are down. Available at ThinkGeek and Amazon. ...
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Im highly dramatic, she noted, So its all, Oh, my God!. Given that context, its no surprise that fans have been unsure how committed Ridley would be to the franchises future. As a result, when Rolling Stone got a chance to interview her, that was naturally a topic that came up. Back in 2015, Ridley said shed be willing to play the part of Rey forever. Now, shes reconsidered and is looking forward to inhabiting as many characters as possible. When the sequel trilogy is over, Ridley plans for her part in the Star Wars franchise to come to an end.. As she explained, I am really, really excited to do the third thing and round it out, because ultimately, what I was signing on to was three films. So in my head, its three films. I think it will feel like the right time to round it out. ...
Horoscope and chart of Nicholas Ridley, Baron Ridley of Liddesdale, born on 1929/02/17: astrological portrait (excerpts) and dominant planets