Looking for deciduous teeth? Find out information about deciduous teeth. Teeth of a young mammal which are shed and replaced by permanent teeth. Also known as milk teeth Explanation of deciduous teeth
The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of abrasion in posterior teeth of subjects with unilateral posterior crossbite in the deciduous dentition. A group of 54 untreated subjects in deciduous dentition (test group, TG) was selected from a parent sample of 1500 patients from the files of the Department of Orthodontics of the University of Florence. A sample of 20 subjects with normal occlusion in the deciduous dentition was selected as the control group (CG). As experimental units in TG, 54 crossbite sides (CB, consisting of 33 right and 21 left crossbite sides) and 54 noncrossbite sides (NCB) were used. In CG, one randomly chosen single side for each subject (NCBC) was used for comparisons. The findings of the present study indicated that subjects with unilateral crossbite in the deciduous dentition showed a significantly smaller degree of dental abrasion in the crossbite side when compared with both the opposite side and control group sides. The lack of abrasion in crossbite sides was ...
Define primary tooth. primary tooth synonyms, primary tooth pronunciation, primary tooth translation, English dictionary definition of primary tooth. n. Any of the temporary first teeth of a young mammal. Also called baby tooth , deciduous tooth , milk tooth . Noun 1. primary tooth - one of the first...
This is because the order of tooth eruption may be affected by factors such as the growth of teeth and periodontal tissue, but usually there will be no adverse consequences, and parents should not be too worried. According to data analysis of the American Academy of Pediatrics, babies usually germinate their first deciduous teeth within 6-12 months, but due to individual differences, babies first teeth before 12 months are normal teething cycles. If the baby has not started to produce the first deciduous teeth after 18 months of age, it is normal to call the late deciduous teeth. Under normal circumstances, the baby will germinate the first baby teeth in about six months. At about two and a half years old, the deciduous teeth are almost all out. But this is only a general rule, because each baby is different, there will be individual differences in teething time. In addition to the timing of teething, the order of teething is also regular. Most babies will grow their deciduous teeth one by one ...
Ask any kid and theyll tell you just how valuable "baby" teeth really are-out of the mouth, of course, and under their pillow awaiting a transaction with the Tooth Fairy. But theres more to them than their value on the Fairy Exchange Market-they play a critical role in future dental health.. Primary teeth provide the same kind of dental function as their future replacements. Children weaned from nursing can now eat solid food. They provide contact points for the tongue as a child learns to speak. And they play a role socially, as children with a "toothsome" smile begin to look more like what they will become when theyre fully mature.. But primary teeth also serve as guides for the permanent teeth that will follow. As a future tooth develops below the gum line, the primary tooth preserves the space in which it will erupt. Otherwise, the space can be taken over by other teeth. This crowds out the intended tooth, which may erupt out of position or remain impacted below the gum line.. In either ...
Several studies have demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells can ameliorate the inflammation of allergic rhinitis (AR) and correct the Th1/Th2 immune imbalance. This study was performed to explore the immunomodulation properties of stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) in the treatment of AR in vivo and in vitro. BALB/c mice were sensitized to ovalbumin (OVA) by intraperitoneal injection, and then SHEDs or bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) were injected intravenously before challenge. We evaluated nasal symptoms, inflammatory infiltration of nasal mucosa, immunoglobulin secretion, cytokine production, and mRNA expression in the spleen. In addition, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from AR patients were cultured with SHEDs or BMMSCs in the presence of phytohemagglutinin (PHA). PBMCs cultured alone with or without PHA served as controls. After 3 days of culture, we examined the effect of SHEDs on T lymphocyte proliferation, cytokine secretion, and the proportion of
deciduous teeth, the 20 teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth. They begin to calcify at about the fourth month of fetal life, and near the end of the sixth month they all have begun to develop. The first incisors appear at about the age of 6 1/2 months; they are followed by the second incisors 1/2 month later; and, within 1 1/2 months, by the maxillary incisors. The deciduous molars begin eruption a 1 year, and the deciduous canines approximately 4 months later. All the deciduous teeth are expected to erupt by the time the child is 2 1/2 years of age. The deciduous dentition formula (one side) is as follows ...
The Scientific World Journal is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research, reviews, and clinical studies covering a wide range of subjects in science, technology, and medicine. The journal is divided into 81 subject areas.
Yakushiji, M.; Machida, Y.; Namba, T., 1985: The longitudinal study of interdental space on deciduous dentition 2. the mandibular arch
The Jimmy Lin twins son nine months adorable smile teeth super cute Jimmy Lin twins like a father like a mother according to Taiwan media ETTV cloud reported on September 7th, artist Jimmy Lin and his wife Chen Ruoyi have been married for 6 years, was born the eldest son of Kimi, by the end of 2015 and welcomed the twins Jenson and Kyson, have 3 a little baby boy. His 6 twin sons share the full 9 months, now to take a picture of them, or change a diaper to roll, its hard to control! Every father is spoiled. Two small guys nine months old baby Jimmy Lin twins Jenson and Kyson wearing T-shirts printed with 9, the brothers sat together on the sofa, looking at each other like two people to take care of each other, each with a black and white remote, happy mouth laugh, also a lovely teeth. He issued a document that the time, the son of a climb climb East West are difficult to control, I do not know why so excited to see the remote controller can play for a long time! Hee hee! Users see the ...
Dental abnormalities are very frequent among persons with CCD and are considered characteristic of the disorder. Almost all individuals are slow to lose their deciduous teeth (baby teeth), with a delay in the eruption of the permanent teeth. Some persons with CCD describe living without teeth until their permanent teeth started growing. Additionally, there may be a large number of extra teeth present. These extra teeth are so numerous so as to constitute a more or less complete third set of teeth. Additionally, the enamel of the teeth may be abnormal and prone to decay ...
Why skip above the name "Axon 8?" There is speculation that it all has to do with language. Especially, the Axon name translates to "Sky machine" when spoken in Chinese, but Pocketnow claims that if an individual using that language claims, "Sky machine 8", it would incorporate a homophone that would translate into "mess-up" in that language.. If that is in fact the motive for using Axon 9 as a substitute of Axon 8, it would not be the initially time that an challenge with the Chinese language brought on a smartphone to get a new name. OnePlus determined to bypass the OnePlus 4 name for its successor to the OnePlus 3, beacause "four" is linked with dying in Chinas tradition.. In November, ZTE verified that the Axon 7 is no lengthier being manufactured, but also mentioned that a successor for that phone will be unveiled at some level. Now its just a issue of time in advance of ZTE launches the Axon 9, which is expected to come about someday in 2018.. ...
We dont usually think of a newborn as having teeth. However, at birth the crowns of the 20 baby or primary teeth are almost completely formed, and they are hidden from view in an infants jawbones.
Teeth and bones : Tetracyclines have chelating property. Calcium-tetracycline chelate gets deposited in developing teeth and bone. Given from midpregnancy to 5 months of extrauterine life, the deciduous teeth are affected: brown discolouration, ill-formed teeth, more susceptible to caries. Tetracyclines given between 3 months and 6 years of age affect the crown of permanent anterior dentition. Repeated courses are more damaging ...
Question - Skin peeling in inner mouth. Due to not brushing teeth for 2 days or something serious?. Ask a Doctor about Deciduous teeth, Ask a Dentist
Question - Developing a new teeth and having pain. Currently breast feeding. Medication to reduce the pain?. Ask a Doctor about Deciduous teeth, Ask a Dentist
95% of all stars end their lives as white dwarfs. About 20% of the hot post-AGB stars are hydrogen deficient. Most of these are the result of a late helium-shell flash, but the evolutionary status of a fraction of about 10-20% of the hottest hydrogen-deficient stars, namely four O(He) stars, is as yet unexplained. They could be the long-searched hot successors of RCrB stars, which have not been identified up to now. If this turns out to be true, then a third post-AGB evolutionary sequence is revealed, which is probably the result of a double degenerate merging process. More generally, understanding details of merging double degenerate stars is of interest in the context of SN Ia events and hence cosmology.
THE motormouth Prime Minister revealed he wont serve a third term as he named Theresa May, George Osborne and Boris Johnson as possible successors.
The crowdfunding campaign for Shadow of the Eternals, the spiritual successor to Eternal Darkness, has gone live. Before we go into more details on the
عنوان کنگره : دوازدهمین کنگره بین اللملی دندانپزشکی کودکان, ایران,تهران,1392/05/30-1392/06/01 ...
1. You might find the mean and the standard deviation of some measurement. Its likely that the standard error of the mean is small if the N is large. But it is hard for me to believe that the mean +- SE should be taken too seriously if the standard deviation is substantial. That is, the location of the mean may be statistically sharp, but given the substantial dispersion of the measurements, I would be surprised if I should bet on more than two significant figures, often just one. Put differently, you measure 6+-2, and the SE is .02. I would find it hard to distinguish 6 from perhaps 7, given the spread of the measured values. That is another measurement might have gotten 7+-2, with similarly small SE. I would not believe 6 is different from 7 in this context. ...
VIII.. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that respondents ECA and ICKRS, and their successors and assigns, and respondent Sami G. El Hage, O.D., shall deliver a copy of this order to all current and future principals, officers, directors, and managers, and to all current and future employees, agents, independent contractors and representatives having responsibilities with respect to the subject matter of this order. Respondents shall deliver this order to current personnel within thirty (30) days after the date of service of this order, and to future personnel within thirty (30) days after the person assumes such position or responsibilities.. IX.. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that respondents ECA and ICKRS, and their successors and assigns, for a period of five (5) years after the date of issuance of this order, shall notify the Commission at least thirty (30) days prior to any change in their legal form of organization, including but not limited to dissolution, assignment, sale or other change that would result ...
The E5450 and its successor, the E5470 (my latest purchase), both come with an E-Dock interface, hence the "E" in the name. Both successors, the Dell Latitude 5480 and the 5490 do not support these E-Docks, which makes sense in a modern office environment with flexible desks and universal docking stations (the new docks connect via cable), but I prefer this older E-Dock type as it also raises the laptop 1-2cm and provides better intake for fresh air. Another reason for the E5470 and against the two latest iterations - the 5480 and 5490 - is the internal structure: I really dislike the Ultrabook-Sony-Vaio-setup that has also become popular with Lenovos T-series. Instead of a sandwhich setup with a lower bottom cover, a middle frame, the pcb installed within this middle frame, a top cover with an attached keyboard from the top, both the 5480 and the 5490 have this Sony Vaio horror where they take a top cover, integrate a keyboard, and then screw everything against it from below. The same ...
Returns a view of the portion of this sorted map whose keys are strictly less than toKey. The returned sorted map is backed by this sorted map, so changes in the returned sorted map are reflected in this sorted map, and vice-versa. The returned map supports all optional map operations that this sorted map supports.. The map returned by this method will throw an IllegalArgumentException if the user attempts to insert a key outside the specified range.. Note: this method always returns a view that does not contain its (high) endpoint. If you need a view that does contain this endpoint, and the key type allows for calculation of the successor a given key, merely request a headMap bounded by successor(highEndpoint). For example, suppose that suppose that ...
» Name: Fiorenze Nucifora » Titles: Capobastone; Successor » Age: 17 » Gender: Male » Ethnicity: Italian-Japanese » Affiliation/Rank: Successor to Nucifora F
The critically acclaimed GameCube survival horror title Eternal Darkness: Sanitys Requiem is getting a sequel (sort of), and it looks amazing. Its being
Now is a critical time for the Mercer County Democratic Party and its leader. They should not try and dictate who will replace Liz Muoio. They should hold an open convention and let the party faithful decide.
Two (2) or more uses may combine to provide the required parking space jointly; however, the parking space so provided shall equal the total space required if each use were to provide parking space separately. Plans for such joint parking must be approved by the Board who shall, after approval, record the parking plan and an agreement among the owners of the various properties involved with the County Recorder of Deeds. Such recorded plans and agreements shall be binding upon the owners of the properties involved and their successors and assigns and shall limit and control the use of land included in the plan to those uses and conditions approved by the Board and agreed to by the owners of the properties involved ...
Two (2) or more uses may combine to provide the required parking space jointly; however, the parking space so provided shall equal the total space required if each use were to provide parking space separately. Plans for such joint parking must be approved by the Board who shall, after approval, record the parking plan and an agreement among the owners of the various properties involved with the County Recorder of Deeds. Such recorded plans and agreements shall be binding upon the owners of the properties involved and their successors and assigns and shall limit and control the use of land included in the plan to those uses and conditions approved by the Board and agreed to by the owners of the properties involved ...
cur , prev) 11:57, 2 January 2018‎ WikiSysop (Talk , contribs)‎ . . (497 bytes) (+497)‎ . . (Created page with Originally the export name for the Proton Wira, though the home market adopted it for the Wiras successor in 2007, a fairly handsome C-segment sedan. The awkward 2016 Perso...) ...
1879 Z.C. Patten establishes Chattanooga Medicine Co. (CMC) as successor to Dr. A.Q. Simmons Liver Medicine Co. and renames its key product Black-Draught. First-year sales total $35,488
Gagasi FM has announced that its MD, Chris Meyiwa, has decided to step down, and that Vukile Zondi, currently programming manager, will be appointed as his successor.
Take time to train your successors. Once the succession plan is in place, take time to train the person/people who will be taking over for you. As I mentioned before, you want to be specific about your expectations, but not to the point that they become dependent on you for everything. Use your time to empower them as a leader. Also, it has been noted that employees in a family business are more likely to accept their new Millennial boss if theyve been visibly and reliably learning the business rather than suddenly appearing in power overnight ...
LEGOs successor to BIONICLE, following the initial end of its toyline. However, this theme was discontinued in favour of a reboot of BIONICLE. Hero Factory …
The legendary Porsche 911 is the longest production run sports car of all time. It was conceived as a successor for the highly successful Porsche 356 and f...
Looking for online definition of deciduous teeth in the Medical Dictionary? deciduous teeth explanation free. What is deciduous teeth? Meaning of deciduous teeth medical term. What does deciduous teeth mean?
Like humans, cats have two sets of teeth in their lives. There are 26 deciduous teeth, also known as their primary, baby, milk, or kitten teeth, and 30 permanent teeth, also known as their adult teeth.
Edentulism as a consequence of (sub)total agenesis of deciduous and/or permanent teeth in children and adolescents is extremely rare. It is commonly a component of a generalized underlying condition such as ectodermal dysplasia. There are different subtypes such as hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, often associated with mental retardation. The external appearance and shape of the juvenile edentulous mandible will depend on the presence of deciduous teeth.. In patients with development of deciduous teeth but missing permanent tooth buds, a high, but extremely narrow alveolar process will be found. After the loss of the deciduous teeth, the alveolar process will show a shape being pointed in occlusal direction (Fig 1).. However, in patients with simultaneous agenesis of deciduous teeth, the outer appearance and shape of the mandible is characterized by a virtually complete lack of the alveolar process associated with a reduction of the local growth potential. ...
Under general anesthesia, to avoid damaging the premolar tooth bud, after flap elevation for the surgical approach, we extracted the ankylosed primary mandibular second molar in sections. After gingivectomy, orthodontic traction of the mandibular first molar was prepared by attaching a lingual button with ligature wire to the exposed occlusal surface (Fig. 4). Using a modified Nance holding arch and power chain, traction of the horizontally impacted first molar was initiated and maintained for 6 months (Fig. 5), leading to approximately 45° improvement in angle and root dilaceration of the first molar was observed. Next, using a modified Halterman appliance, we positioned a new anchor and enforced distalization of the improved mandibular left first molar and planned distal movement of locked mandibular right first molar. Mandibular right first molar was relocated into proper position after 3 months, and tilting of the left mandibular first molar was almost upright after 6 months. Subsequently, ...
LARA, Tulio Silva et al. Serial extraction: variables associated to the extraction of premolars. Dental Press J. Orthod. [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.5, pp.15-145. ISSN 2176-9451. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2176-94512011000500020.. OBJECTIVE: To verify the amount of patients who had to undergo extraction of permanent teeth (premolars) in a population of patients treated with extraction of deciduous teeth for correction of incisor crowding in the mixed dentition, as well as to analyze the possibly related variables. METHODS: The sample was composed of orthodontic records of 70 patients in the permanent dentition whose treatment included the serial extraction program (SEP) in the mixed dentition. All records were analyzed by a single examiner in order to verify whether the SEP had been carried out with extraction of either permanent teeth or deciduous teeth only. The association between extraction of permanent teeth and the variables lateral facial pattern, sagittal relationship between the dental ...
Importance of deciduous teeth. Your childs baby or deciduous it is important to save in order to maintain the space for their adult teeth. Although baby teeth will be lost gradually until children turn 12, they are important to maintain the arch integrity and to guide the eruption of the permanent successors. Baby teeth help to keep all of the teeth in alignment so that the permanent tooth will grow in the correct position. If they are removed, teeth will often shift, leading to crowding and future need for braces. The innermost part of the tooth is called pulp, protected by strong outer layers namely enamel and dentine. It contains nerves as well as the blood vessels which keep it alive and healthy. A deep cavity in your childs baby tooth may go into the pulp of the tooth which is still alive thus causing a lot of discomfort and pain to the child.. In this case, a pulpotomy is recommended to save the tooth by preventing nerve and root death. During this pulpotomy procedure only the part ...
The eruption of primary teeth (also known as deciduous or baby teeth) follows a similar developmental timeline for most children. A full set of primary teeth begins to grow beneath the gums during the fourth month of pregnancy. For this reason, a nourishing prenatal diet is of paramount importance to the infants teeth, gums, and bones.. Generally, the first primary tooth breaks through the gums between the ages of six months and one year. By the age of three years old most children have a "full" set of twenty primary teeth. The American Dental Association (ADA) encourages parents to make a "well-baby" appointment with a pediatric dentist approximately six months after the first tooth emerges. Pediatric dentists communicate with parents and children about prevention strategies, emphasizing the importance of a sound, "no tears" daily home care plan.. Although primary teeth are deciduous, they facilitate speech production, proper jaw development, good chewing habits, and the proper spacing and ...
Nichi-In* Centre for Regenerative Medicine (NCRM)institute carrying out research, clinical applications-protocol development in regenerative medicine stem cells Indias first institute for regenerative medicine
The eruption of teeth usually starts from 6 months after birth. The first set - which are called the milk teeth / baby teeth / deciduous teeth or primary teeth - and consist of 20 teeth (10 in the maxilla and 10 in the mandible), all rise till the age of 2 years. From then on these teeth start to fall and give their spots to more mature biters called Secondary teeth or Permanent teeth. Permanent teeth are 28 (14 in the maxilla and 14 in the mandible ...
BMMSCs have been successfully utilized to treat a variety of human diseases, such as bone fracture [33], severe aplastic anemia [34], acute GVHD [13], and SLE [17]. SLE is a common and potentially fatal immune disease in which autoantibodies damage multiple organs, including the kidneys, cardiovascular system, nervous system, joints, and skin [35]. The pathology of SLE involves the destruction of targeted organ tissues and accumulation of auto-reactive lymphocytes and immune complexes. Although intensity and organ involvement vary significantly among SLE patients, abnormalities of T and B lymphocytes are universal [35-37]. Moreover, SLE provokes multifaceted immune modulation, including both deficiency and hyperactivity of the immune system. An understanding of the underlying pathology is crucial to developing optimal therapies for the restoration of immune homeostasis without compromising the protective immune responses to pathogens [38]. MRL/lpr mice were generated by the insertion of the ...
There is a lack of evidence for the effective management of dental caries in childrens primary teeth. The trial entitled Filling Childrens Teeth: Indicated Or Not? (FiCTION) was designed to examine the clinical and cost effectiveness, in primary dental care, of three different approaches to the management of caries in primary teeth. However, before the FiCTION main trial commenced, a pilot trial was designed. Service provider (dentists and other members of the team including dental nurses and practice managers) and participant (child participants and their parents) involvement was incorporated into the pilot trial. The aim of this study is to describe service providers and users perspectives on the pilot trial to identify improvements to the conduct and design of the FiCTION main trial. Qualitative interviews (individual and group) were held with dentists, dental team members, children and parents involved in the FiCTION pilot trial. Individual interviews were held with four dentists and a group
The following was taken up for immediate consideration: S. 174 (Word version) -- Senators McConnell, Saleeby and Moore: A CONCURRENT RESOLUTION TO FIX 12:00 NOON ON WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 2001, AS THE TIME TO ELECT A SUCCESSOR TO A CERTAIN JUDGE OF THE COURT OF APPEALS, SEAT 3, WHOSE TERM EXPIRES JUNE 30, 2001; TO ELECT A SUCCESSOR TO A CERTAIN JUDGE OF THE COURT OF APPEALS, SEAT 4, WHOSE TERM EXPIRES JUNE 30, 2001; TO ELECT A SUCCESSOR TO A CERTAIN JUDGE OF THE CIRCUIT COURT FOR THE FIFTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, SEAT 1, WHOSE TERM EXPIRES JUNE 30, 2001; TO ELECT A SUCCESSOR TO A CERTAIN JUDGE OF THE CIRCUIT COURT FOR THE SEVENTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, SEAT 1, WHOSE TERM EXPIRES JUNE 30, 2001; TO ELECT A SUCCESSOR TO A CERTAIN JUDGE OF THE FAMILY COURT FOR THE FIRST JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, SEAT 1, WHOSE TERM EXPIRES JUNE 30, 2001; TO ELECT A SUCCESSOR TO A CERTAIN JUDGE OF THE FAMILY COURT FOR THE SECOND JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, SEAT 2, WHOSE TERM EXPIRES JUNE 30, 2001; TO ELECT A SUCCESSOR TO A CERTAIN JUDGE OF THE ...
Of course it does. The list of tolerated problems in pedigree dogs which will be reproduced should be revised and updated.. Truths. 1. The evaluation of occlusion contains several important criteria that include shape and symmetry of the skull, the function of the temporo-mandibular joint (TMJ), and finally position and number of the teeth.. 2. The tongue pushes teeth forward as the upper lip pushes them backward. Dental interlock controls this phenomenon. 3. Complete dentition in dogs consists of 42 teeth. Acceptance of missing dentition leads to having this problem established in the population. 4. The cause of persistent deciduous teeth may be their malposition as well as malocclusion of permanent teeth during eruption.. 5. Until the somatic development of the animal is completed changes in occlusion may be observed. The final reliable evaluation of occlusion is performed at an appropriate age (usually 9-10 months in small, 10-12 months in medium, and 12-14 months in large breeds).. 6. ...
Eruption is a complicated process where teeth begin to appear through the gums.Humans have 2 sets of teeth, namely primary dentition and permanent dentition.Primary dentition consists of 20 baby teeth and erupts when infants are around 6 months of age. Permanent dentition consists of 32 teeth which starts erupting at the age of 6 years old ...
l:\council\bills\rm\1062sd09.docx The Senate Resolution was adopted. H. 3225 (Word version) -- Reps. Delleney, Clemmons and Mack: A CONCURRENT RESOLUTION TO FIX NOON ON WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 2009, AS THE TIME TO ELECT A SUCCESSOR TO A CERTAIN CHIEF JUDGE OF THE COURT OF APPEALS, SEAT 5, WHOSE TERM EXPIRES JUNE 30, 2009; TO ELECT A SUCCESSOR TO A CERTAIN JUDGE OF THE CIRCUIT COURT FOR THE FIRST JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, SEAT 1, TO FILL THE UNEXPIRED TERM THAT EXPIRES JUNE 30, 2010, AND THE SUBSEQUENT FULL TERM THAT EXPIRES JUNE 30, 2016; TO ELECT A SUCCESSOR TO A CERTAIN JUDGE OF THE CIRCUIT COURT FOR THE FIFTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, SEAT 3, WHOSE TERM EXPIRES JUNE 30, 2009; TO ELECT A SUCCESSOR TO A CERTAIN JUDGE OF THE CIRCUIT COURT FOR THE EIGHTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, SEAT 2, TO FILL THE UNEXPIRED TERM THAT EXPIRES JUNE 30, 2012; TO ELECT A SUCCESSOR TO A CERTAIN JUDGE OF THE CIRCUIT COURT FOR THE NINTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, SEAT 3, WHOSE TERM EXPIRES JUNE 30, 2009; TO ELECT A SUCCESSOR TO A CERTAIN JUDGE OF THE ...