Research examining food selectivity supports the use of various reinforcement procedures combined with extinction to increase the consumption of non-preferred foods. A multiple baseline across participants design was used to evaluate an intervention consisting of a token economy and escape extinction to increase consumption of non-preferred foods for three students with autism who demonstrated food selectivity. This multi-component intervention examined the effects of back-up reinforcers as an alternative to contingent escape from meals. Specifically, the number of bites taken and the frequency of challenging behavior were measured. During the intervention phase, participants were reinforced with tokens for taking a bite of non-preferred foods and for the absence of challenging behavior. All participants increased in the number of bites taken of non-preferred foods while challenging behavior decreased during the intervention phase and following maintenance probes. The study provides evidence that a
The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of the token economy system in reducing physical aggression, property destruction, and disruptive talk in an adolescent diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. The participant, age 15, met the enrollment criteria of a residential school designed to address the behavioral and academic needs of children with developmental disabilities. This study used quantitative, single subject treatment reversal design. The participants behavior was observed and data was collected in Phase I, Baseline, "A" (one week), Phase II, Intervention, "B" (seven weeks), and Phase III, Return to Baseline, "A" (one week). In Phase I, Intervention, "A" the variability of the frequency of targeted behaviors included: physical aggression was 0 to 10, property destruction was 0 to 6, and disruptive talk was 0 to 7. In Phase II, Intervention, "B" the variability of the frequency of targeted behaviors included: physical aggression was 0 to 8, property destruction was 0 to ...
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Teaching kids right and wrong is part of our jobs as parents. We want our kids to be responsible for their actions and understand that there are consequences to those actions. We all have different methods and reasons for teaching certain things. We definitely are not experts in anyway, but today, I want to share…
|p|Abnormal and clinical psychology courses are offered in psychology programs at universities worldwide, but the most recent major encyclopedia on the topic wa
One behavioral activation (BA) approach to depression was as follows: participants were asked to create a hierarchy of reinforcing activities which were then rank-ordered by difficulty; participants tracked their own goals along with clinicians who used a token economy to reinforce success in moving through the hierarchy of activities; participants were measured before and after by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and a great effect on their depression was found as a result of their treatment. This was then compared to a control group who did not receive the same treatment. The results of those who received behavioral activation treatment were markedly superior to those of the persons in the control group.[8] Multiple clinics have since piloted and developed the treatment.[9][10] Another behavioral activation approach utilized a different methodology: clients are asked to develop an understanding of the relationship between actions and emotions, with actions being seen as the cause of ...
Dear Behavior BFF: My child is 2 ½ and is super defiant. Like he wont do anything I ask him to. Every little thing is a battle. A friend has her 5-year-old on a reward system and recommended that I try it. Hes too young for that, right?". Babys first sticker chart. Thats one that goes in the scrapbook, right? The first time you put your kid on a token economy? Next to a lock of their hair? No. Hmmm…it would be if a behavior analyst was into scrapbooking.. Not too long ago my little one turned sassy. Like overnight. Anything I said was meant with a high pitched "NO!" She would demand me to do things "Mommy play now!" It was grating on my ears.. The knee-jerk parenting reaction to a new ugly behavior in your home is consequences. What consequences should this child have for talking so rudely to her mom?. My daughter was maybe 22 months at this time. Not even two years old. Were talking a tiny 24lb dictator screeching at me incessantly. I wasnt sure what to do but I knew I could not live ...
A token purchasing device that can automatically change the number of tokens purchased for a given price based on time, date, and day of the week information. The token purchasing device includes a banknote accepting unit for accepting a banknote and outputting a banknote value signal based on the denomination of the accepted banknote, a clock unit for outputting the current time and date information, a control unit for computing the number of tokens for dispensing, and a token dispensing unit. The control unit is configured to store a predetermined set of days or a range of times from a start time to an end time defining a special purchasing mode. The control unit can automatically change the number of tokens purchased when the current time and date is within the programmed parameters for the special purchasing mode.
Abstract: A key component of comprehensive behavioral interventions for individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the provision of reinforcement. Several methods have been designed and evaluated within the literature to identify potential reinforcing events (e.g., multiple stimulus without replacement; MSWO). Once potential reinforcers have been identified it is common for those to be used within a reinforcement system, such as a token system. The purpose of this symposium is to present three studies that evaluated the methods of reinforcement identification, assessment, and the use thereof. The first presentation evaluated the effectiveness of a magic number token system to increase the frequency of comments during snack for children diagnosed with ASD. The second presentation evaluated the use of a level system to improve synchronous engagement (SE) within two dyads of children diagnosed with ASD. The final presentation compared the rate of responding when potentially ...
A server, method and/or computer-readable medium verifies a location factor associated with a token. The server generates a challenge and encrypts the challenge by a key commonly shared by the server and the token, and transmits the encrypted challenge to the token. The token decrypts the encrypted challenge by the commonly shared key and manipulates the challenge by an elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) procedure so that the server can verify that the signed manipulated challenge was generated at the token based upon the ECC public key.
Disclosed is a timed token protocol which may be implemented either on a physical loop or a logical loop superimposed on a physical bus, the loop interconnecting a plurality of stations to form a network. Each station on the network may be of the same priority level, or may be of one or both of two priority levels. In the single priority level network, a station can transmit information upon the receipt of a write token if the time since the previous receipt of a write token is less than a preset amount of time, the difference between the observed write token rotation time and the preset amount of time representing the amount of unused capacity on the previous rotation of the write token.
consists of a single token.. How tokens are divided into parts depends on the form of the name. If the name has no commas at brace-level zero (as in the second example), then it is assumed to be in either first last or first von last form. If there are no tokens that start with a lower-case letter, then first last form is assumed: the final token is the last name, and all other tokens form the first name. Otherwise, the earliest contiguous sequence of tokens with initial lower-case letters is taken as the `von part; if this sequence includes the final token, then a warning is printed and the final token is forced to be the `last part.. If a name has a single comma, then it is assumed to be in von last, first form. A leading sequence of tokens with initial lower-case letters, if any, forms the `von part; tokens between the `von and the comma form the `last part; tokens following the comma form the `first part. Again, if there are no token following a leading sequence of lowercase ...
A series of RCTs of psychotherapeutic approaches to managing cannabis dependence have been conducted. In general, these suggest that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and motivational enhancement therapy (MET) are the most effective in reducing cannabis use, dependence and related problems.20-22 Social support psychotherapy showed equivalence with CBT in one study.23 Although brief interventions (usually in the form of MET) appear effective, recent studies suggest that extended, combined therapies are associated with slightly better outcomes.21,22 In addition, recent research suggests that adding voucher-based incentives to MET and CBT improves treatment compliance and long-term outcome in both voluntary24-26 and coerced adult clients,27-29 but that voucher-based incentives alone show improvements in compliance and outcome that diminish over time.25. ...
Time interval-Also called the measurement interval, it specifies the time quantum in seconds per burst. In the token bucket metaphor, tokens are put into the bucket at a certain rate. The bucket itself has a specified capacity. If the bucket fills to capacity, newly arriving tokens are discarded. Each token is permission for the source to send a certain number of bits into the network. To send a packet, the regulator must remove from the bucket a number of tokens equal in representation to the packet size. If not enough tokens are in the bucket to send a packet, the packet either waits until the bucket has enough tokens (in the case of traffic shaping) or the packet is discarded or marked down (in the case of policing). If the bucket is already full of tokens, incoming tokens overflow and are not available to future packets. Thus, at any time, the largest burst a source can send into the network is roughly proportional to the size of the bucket. Note that the token bucket mechanism used for ...
Copper Halfpenny Token minted by J. Moore of Birmingham. Issued to promote Professor Holloways pills and ointments in 1858. Holloway tokens are presumed to have been circulated worldwide throughout retailers of Holloway products. Holloways tokens were produced in large numbers and have proven the most common token finds on Melbourne archaeological sites. Previous Collections: National Gallery ...
EN] Token Coherence is a cache coherence protocol that simultaneously captures the best attributes of the traditional approximations to coherence: direct communication between processors (like snooping-based protocols) and no reliance on bus-like interconnects (like directory-based protocols). This is possible thanks to a class of unordered requests that usually succeed in resolving the cache misses. The problem of the unordered requests is that they can cause protocol races, which prevent some misses from being resolved. To eliminate races and ensure the completion of the unresolved misses, Token Coherence uses a starvation prevention mechanism named persistent requests. This mechanism is extremely inefficient and, besides, it endangers the scalability of Token Coherence since it requires storage structures (at each node) whose size grows proportionally to the system size. While multiprocessors continue including an increasingly number of nodes, both the performance and scalability of cache ...
Recently, Carbon for Twitter v2 went live in the Google Play Store, and came with many exciting new features along with a totally revamped UI. However, if you havent download the application yet, you might run out of luck soon as the application is about to reach its token limit. This means that after the token limit is reached, the app will not accept new users once all the tokens are used up.
Note: This is a Consignment Token (hence the C11), which means a True Dungeon adventurer is selling it through Trent Tokens. But as with all Trent Tokens produc
The game consists of tiles with twisting lines on them, a 6x6 grid on which to lay these tiles and a token for each player. Each player has a hand of tiles. On your turn you do two things: place a tile from your hand onto the board next to your token and move your token as far as it can go along the line it is currently on, until it is stopped by an empty space with no tile in (yet), the edge of the board or colliding with another players token. If your token reaches the edge of the board or collides with another players token, you are out of the game. The aim of the game is to be the last player left with a token on the board. Strategy therefore consists of trying to drive your opponents either into each other or off the board whilst extending your own route in directions that will make it difficult for your opponents to do the same ...
The game consists of tiles with twisting lines on them, a 6x6 grid on which to lay these tiles and a token for each player. Each player has a hand of tiles. On your turn you do two things: place a tile from your hand onto the board next to your token and move your token as far as it can go along the line it is currently on, until it is stopped by an empty space with no tile in (yet), the edge of the board or colliding with another players token. If your token reaches the edge of the board or collides with another players token, you are out of the game. The aim of the game is to be the last player left with a token on the board. Strategy therefore consists of trying to drive your opponents either into each other or off the board whilst extending your own route in directions that will make it difficult for your opponents to do the same ...
lxCURR_POS // position in the input (some kind of iterator or pointer) lxCURR_IDX // index of the position in the input // (it is the index as presented in the input, for example: input is a QByteArray, index incrementation per byte, but the lexer may operate on 32-bit codepoints) lxCONTINUE // like %continue, add the current lexeme to the next token lxLENGTH // length of the current lexeme (as presented in the input) lxBEGIN_POS // position of the first character of the current lexeme lxBEGIN_IDX // corresponding index lxNAMED_TOKEN(⟨name⟩, ⟨type⟩) // create a variable representing named ⟨name⟩ with the token type ⟨type⟩ lxTOKEN(⟨type⟩) // create such a variable named "token" lxDONE // return the token generated before lxRETURN(X) // create a token of type X and return it lxEOF // create the EOF-token lxFINISH // create the EOF-token and return it (will stop tokenization) lxFAIL // raise the tokenization error lxSKIP // continue with the next lexeme (do not return a token, ...
All elements of the LEDDA framework function in some way to further democracy and to empower a community to maximize well-being.. Community currencies have been around for a while. How is the token system different from existing community currency systems?. Community currency systems come in a wide range of sizes and designs. The TES displays some similarities with current or historical community currencies systems, but taken as a whole it is unique. The biggest difference is that it is one part of the larger LEDDA framework, which implements LEDDA economic direct democracy. All elements of the LEDDA framework function in some way to further democracy and to empower a community to maximize well-being.. But besides this, a TES uses novel mechanisms to control and manage the flows of local and national currency. A TES uses constructs such as Wage Options, income targets, token share of income targets, and earmarks. See the paper for a complete description. It also offers interest-free loans in ...
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Internet-Draft MQTT-TLS profile of ACE December 2019 As a response to the SUBSCRIBE message, the Broker issues a SUBACK message. For each Topic Filter, the SUBACK packet includes a return code matching the QoS level for the corresponding Topic Filter. In the case of failure, the return code is 0x87, indicating that the Client is Not authorized. A reason code is returned for each Topic Filter. Therefore, the Client may receive success codes for a subset of its Topic Filters while being unauthorized for the rest. 4. Token Expiration and Reauthentication The Broker MUST check for token expiration whenever a CONNECT, PUBLISH or SUBSCRIBE message is received or sent. The Broker SHOULD check for token expiration on receiving a PINGREQUEST message. The Broker MAY also check for token expiration periodically e.g., every hour. This may allow for early detection of a token expiry. The token expiration is checked by checking the exp claim of a JWT or introspection response, or via performing an ...
Tokens are often used as drink chips, poker chips, discount tokens and plastic coins. A low cost advertising product that is sure to return a great exposure and good will. Stop Sign shape ideal for safety programs ... ...
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js/ # javascript files jquery/ # jquery dist jscalendar/ # jscalendar dist jstree/ # treeview control zoom.js html/ # contains mostly html template/ # base html template includes page_header.php page_graph_header.php page_footer css/ jquery/ main.css # global css only form.css # css for drawing forms graph.css # css for graph viewing [token]/ # token specific includes [token]_arrays.php [token]_form.php [token]_constants.php config.php global.php global_arrays.php global_constants.php global_form.php global_languge.php global_settings. ...
TH1 is a string-processing language. All values are strings. Any numerical operations are accomplished by converting from string to numeric, performing the computation, then converting the result back into a string. (This might seem inefficient, but it is faster than people imagine, and numeric computations do not come up very often for the kinds of work that TH1 does, so it has never been a factor.). A TH1 script consist of a sequence of commands. Each command is terminated by the first (unescaped) newline or ; character. The text of the command (excluding the newline or semicolon terminator) is broken into space-separated tokens. The first token is the command name and subsequent tokens are the arguments. In this since, TH1 syntax is similar to the familiar command-line shell syntax.. A token is any sequence of characters other than whitespace and semicolons. Or, all text without double-quotes is a single token even if it includes whitespace and semicolons. Or, all text without nested {...} ...
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html,,head,,/head,,body, ,script, var YOUR_CLIENT_ID = REPLACE_THIS_VALUE; var YOUR_REDIRECT_URI = REPLACE_THIS_VALUE; var queryString = location.hash.substring(1); // Parse query string to see if page request is coming from OAuth 2.0 server. var params = {}; var regex = /([^&=]+)=([^&]*)/g, m; while (m = regex.exec(queryString)) { params[decodeURIComponent(m[1])] = decodeURIComponent(m[2]); // Try to exchange the param values for an access token. exchangeOAuth2Token(params); } // If theres an access token, try an API request. // Otherwise, start OAuth 2.0 flow. function trySampleRequest() { var params = JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem(oauth2-test-params)); if (params && params[access_token]) { var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest(); xhr.open(GET, https://www.googleapis.com/youtube/v3/channels?part=snippet&mine=true& + access_token= + params[access_token]); xhr.onreadystatechange = function (e) { console.log(xhr.response); }; xhr.send(null); } else { oauth2SignIn(); } } /* * Create form ...
A new draft of the OAuth 2.0 Token Exchange specification has been published that addresses feedback from Security Area Director Eric Rescorla. The acknowledgements were also updated. Thanks to Brian Campbell for doing the editing for this version.. The specification is available at:. ...
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Get a canonical service name for this FileSystem. The token cache is the only user of the canonical service name, and uses it to lookup this FileSystems service tokens. If the file system provides a token of its own then it must have a canonical name, otherwise the canonical name can be null. Default implementation: If the FileSystem has child file systems (such as an embedded file system) then it is assumed that the FS has no tokens of its own and hence returns a null name; otherwise a service name is built using Uri and port ...
FlowPipes is a data processing abstraction that helps to integrate data analysis modules into a data analysis pipeline. The infrastructure provides automatic joining of relevant data as well as rejoining of the analysis output into the overall flow. FlowPipes explicitely separates a meta-level (in which tokens drive the computation) from an object-level (where commands process raw data). The computation is driven through tokenmatching: when data-tokens can be combined then the computation continues along that path. The resulting pipelines are data-driven and programatorically functionially oriented. We demonstrate our work on two bioinformatics examples: a real time PCR calculator and an image correlation tool.
Colin McGinns reply (Letters, 21 October 1993) to my claim that his account of Donald Davidsons theory of anomalous monism is contradictory contains at least three ad hominems, an appeal to the authority of others who have agreed with him over the past twenty years, and (wearily, he says) exactly one reason for supposing he is right, namely a comparison that, by itself, does not prove his case.. My claim was that, as described by Mr McGinn, the two key theses of Davidsons theory (every mental-event token is identical with some physical-event token in the brain, and mental-event types are not identical with physical-event types, nor are they reducible to them) are contradictory. Whether I am right or not on this, it now seems to me, depends on just what McGinn/Davidson mean by the claim that every mental-event token is identical with some physical-event token in the brain. I took this statement to assert what it seems to say, namely that every mental event, literally, is identical with ...
This specification describes how to declare in a JSON Web Token (JWT) that the presenter of the JWT possesses a particular proof-of-possession key and how the recipient can cryptographically confirm proof of possession of the key by the presenter. Being able to prove possession of a key is also sometimes described as the presenter being a holder-of-key. ...
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On Fri, 19 May 2017 14:17:31 +0200 Jason A. Donenfeld ,Jason at zx2c4.com, wrote: , On Fri, May 19, 2017 at 2:14 PM, Alex ,alex at centromere.net, wrote: , , What this implies is that a general purpose Noise library simply , , cant execute the instructions sequentially. You have to scan the , , entire pattern, determine if there are any `psk` tokens, and then , , change the *meaning* of the `e` token if you find any. Is this , , correct? , , No, not really. All psk handshakes have psk in the handshake , identifier. This means that you must know that psk is in use from the , very beginning of the handshake, when the handshake identifier becomes , the initial value of ck. Thus, you can determine at that early point , what to do later on, without needing to scan forward or whatever it , is that you dread having to do. That solution couples the *meaning* of the `e` token with some arbitrary string provided by the user (the handshake name), which I argue is worse, because now I have to ...
Hi Sergey, Il giorno 19/mar/2014, alle ore 10:57, Sergey Beryozkin ,[email protected], ha scritto: , Hi Marco , On 19/03/14 08:44, Marco Di Sabatino Di Diodoro wrote: ,, Hi Sergey ,, ,, thanks for your support. ,, We asked the FreeIPA community to see if there are some incorrect configurations[1]. ,, ,, Ill let you know when we have news. ,, , Sounds good, thanks. , , What concerns me is the fact that using CURL to send Kerberos tokens to FreeIPA works, while using WebClient and Kerberos interceptor does not. , I suspect that something in the CXF code might need to be tweaked or may be it needs to be reconfigured a bit. , The logs you sent last time show that CXF manages to obtain a token but it is really a server which does not accept it. So I think CXF does correctly interacts with the Kerberos system, but what appears to be the case is that there is some difference in the way CXF and CURL send tokens. , , Can you please run CURL with -v option and see if you can spot something obvious, ...
It begins with the hunt. After receiving your first quest youll head out into the fields for a few fights. The pre-battle screen features sets of enemies displayed in a slot machine-style interface along with quests and extra goals up top. If the enemies you need to fight arent shown, simply insert a token and give the lever a pull to randomize them. As soon as the right foe appears, tap the button and let the gem swapping begin.. If youve played Bejeweled 3 or Puzzle Quest: Challenge of the Warlords youll feel right at home in Elements Battles combat screen. Your character is on the left, the enemy on the right, and a field of gems fills the center. You have five or six seconds to make as many matches as you can, swapping colored gems and other pieces to make matches of three or more that can damage the enemy or fill your element tokens. Buy and charge a red token, for example, and after matching several red gems youll unleash a fire elemental blast. After your turn is up the enemy takes ...
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Okay, Mods havent found my edited OT all day, so Ill be out with it. A significant portion of us are heading to Reset ERA. You can find us there in the...
Access to the complete content on AMA Manual of Style requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site without a subscription.. Please subscribe or login to access full text content.. If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.. For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you cant find the answer there, please contact us.. ...
Access to the complete content on AMA Manual of Style requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site without a subscription.. Please subscribe or login to access full text content.. If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.. For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you cant find the answer there, please contact us.. ...
Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.. Please subscribe or login to access full text content.. If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.. For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you cant find the answer there, please contact us.. ...
Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.. Please subscribe or login to access full text content.. If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.. For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you cant find the answer there, please contact us.. ...
Error: API requests are being delayed. New posts will not be retrieved.. There may be an issue with the Instagram access token that you are using. Your server might also be unable to connect to Instagram at this time.. Error: API requests are being delayed for this account. New posts will not be retrieved.. There may be an issue with the Instagram Access Token that you are using. Your server might also be unable to connect to Instagram at this time.. Error: No posts found.. Make sure this account has posts available on instagram.com.. ...