Propolis supplementation leads to a lower level of glucose and cholesterol concentrations together with a reduction in protein oxidation. Plasma thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance levels were lower in the rats consuming the natural vegetable product and propolis possibly due to its antioxidant components, neutralizing the free radical produced, and thus preventing cellular damage ...
Elevated oxidative stress is typical in the pathogenesis of heart failure. Characteristical changes in antioxidant enzyme status, represented by glutathionperoxidase (GSH-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), and changes in heat shock protein status (Hsp), denoted by Hsp25 and Hsp72, have been revealed in two different rat-models. Lipidperoxidation was quantified by the concentration of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). In the first model of heart failure caused by permanent activation of renin-angiotensin system in double transgenic rat, leftventricular hypertrophy accompanied by a shift of creatine kinase (CK) isoenzyme pattern to higher concentration of fetale CK-MB an -BB-isoforms was found. Higher TBARS concentrations and lower alpha-tocopherol levels caused by consumption have been measured. SOD and Hsp72 remained unchanged. The tolerance against experimental hypoxia/reoxygenation was improved by higher levels of GSH-Px and Hsp25 in both right and left ventricular tissue. In ...
OUTLINE: Participants undergo blood sample collection. Samples are used to measure levels of antioxidant enzymes (i.e., glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, superoxide dismutase, and reduced glutathione) and biomarkers of oxidative stress and DNA damage in leukocytes (i.e., thiobarbituric acid reactive substances [TBARS] and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine). Samples are analyzed via antioxidant enzyme assay, TBARS assay, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40 participants (20 at high risk for developing prostate cancer and 20 healthy controls) will be accrued for this study. ...
多発ラクナ脳梗塞を合併した2型糖尿病の勤労者における血清チオバルビタール酸反応物質(TBARS)値の検討 PLASMA LEVELS OF THIOBARBITURIC ACID REACTIVE SUBSTANCES (TBARS) OF THE EMPLOYEE WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS WITH MULTIPLE LACUNAR LESIONS ...
Suppressive effects of hot water extract of safflower leaves (Ex) and its major component luteolin-7-O-glucoside (LuGlc) on oxidative stress were determined in rats in which oxidative stress had been induced by paraquat (PQ). Both Ex and LuGlc suppressed lowering of food intake, and body weight gain, increases in lung weight, liver thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), and a decrease in the liver triacylglycerol concentration were all induced by PQ-feeding. Rises in the liver total glutathione and oxidized glutathione concentrations in the PQ-fed rats were suppressed by adding Ex and LuGlc to the PQ diet. Moreover, Ex and LuGlc tended to suppress decreases in catalase activity in the liver mitochondrial fraction and liver α-tocopherol concentration which were induced by PQ-feeding. These results showed that both Ex and LuGlc, which is a major component of Ex, may be available to suppress oxidative stress ,i,in vivo,/i,.,br,. ...
1, 10 copper phenanthroline assay is a frequently used assay to examine the pro-oxidative activity of extracts against DNA [26]. On addition of reagents and subsequent incubation, a complex called bis (1, 10 - phenanthroline copper) is formed which links to DNA and breaks down its strand; hydroxyl radical generation is primarily implicated in DNA damage [39]. However, if the cuprous ions are bound, DNA degradation does not occur. When reducing agent ascorbic acid (which is a proven pro-oxidant at higher concentration [40]) is added to the complex, Cu(II) in the complex gets converted to Cu(I) and hence, there is additional production of hydroxyl radicals that breaks down DNA into TBARS (Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substance). Hence, the level of TBARS formed in different extracts/fractions can indirectly reveal the quantity of hydroxyl radicals generated and give an estimation of the pro-oxidant or anti-oxidant activity of the extract/fractions at varying concentration. ROS (Reactive Oxygen ...
H. isora treated animals. The study also evaluated the antioxidant potential of H. isora in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Decreased levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), increased levels of reduced glutathione (GSH) and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) resulted in the reduction of free radical formation in various tissues such as liver, kidney, and brain of the diabetic rats. Tolbutamide was used as a standard reference drug. The results clearly indicate that the aqueous extract of bark of H. isora exhibits significant antihyperglycaemic and in vivo antioxidant activity in STZinduced diabetic rats and the results were found to be dose dependent ...
Curcumin (1) and ten derivatives (2-11) were synthesized and evaluated as cytotoxic and antioxidant agents. The results of primary screening by Sulforhodamine B assay against five human cancer cell lines (U-251 MG, glioblastoma; PC-3, human prostatic; HCT-15, human colorectal; K562, human chronic myelogenous leukemia; and SKLU-1, non-small cell lung cancer) allowed us to calculate the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values for the more active compounds against HCT-15 and K562 cell lines. Compounds 2 and 10 were the most active against both cell lines and were more active than curcumin itself. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) assay showed that 7 has potent activity; even stronger than curcumin, α-tocopherol, and quercetin.
Lipid peroxidation was induced in freshly isolated rat hepatocytes by incubation in the presence of Fe3+, resulting in accumulation of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances. Analysis of lipid classes revealed that the levels and fatty acid composit
is one of the most common microalgae that is used as human food. It is isolated from the salty lakes in El-Fayoum and Lake of Bardawil-Sinai in Egypt and can withstand very high concentrations of salt: The potentiality of , a unicellular biflagellate green alga to protect against intestinal injury induced after radiation exposure was studied. was given orally in doses of 100 and 200 mg/kg to male Wistar rats for 5 days before exposure to 6 Gray (Gy) gamma radiation and continued for a further two days. Rats were sacrificed 24 h later and intestinal segments were dissected out. One segment was examined histologically and another was used to prepare homogenates to assess relevant biochemical parameters reflecting intestinal injury. Radiation exposure led to a rise in the histological damage score, an increase in tissue tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin (IL-1β) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) but a reduction in tissue reduced glutathione (GSH) and in serum citrulline. ...
Metabolic syndrome is more prevalent in men than in women. In an experimental dietary model of metabolic syndrome, the high-fructose-fed rat, oxidative stress has been observed in males. Given that estradiol has been documented to exert an antioxidant effect, we investigated whether female rats were better protected than males against the adverse effects of a high-sucrose diet, and we studied the influence of hormonal status in female rats. Males and females were first fed a sucrose-based or starch-based diet for 2 weeks. In the males, the plasma triglyceride (TG)-raising effect of sucrose was accompanied by significantly lowered plasma {alpha}-tocopherol and a significantly lowered {alpha}-tocopherol/TG ratio (30%), suggesting that vitamin E depletion may predispose lipoproteins to subsequent oxidative stress. In males, after exposure of heart tissue homogenate to iron-induced lipid peroxidation, thiobarbituric reactive substances were significantly higher in the sucrose-fed than in the ...
... ,Dihydro-5-(1-methylbutyl)-5-[2-(methylthio)ethyl]-2-thioxo-4,6(1H,5H)-pyrimidinedione,5-(1-methylbutyl)-5-[2-(methylthio)ethyl]-2-thiobarbituric acid,5-(2-methylthioethyl)-5-(2-pentyl)-2-thiobarbituric acid,Sodium salt,Methitural, Sodium salt,Methioturiate,AM-109,Sch-3132,Neraval,Thiogenal
Helicobacter pylori and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) cause the vast majority of peptic ulcers and their complications. However, their interaction remains extremely controversial. The study of Yoshida et al in this issue of Gut1 aimed to address this issue by investigating the influence of experimental H pylori infection on gastric mucosal injury induced by aspirin in male Mongolian gerbils [see page 594].. The study found that aspirin caused more extensive haemorrhagic erosions associated with greater myeloperoxidase activity (an index of neutrophil accumulation), thiobarbituric acid reactive substance concentrations (an index of lipid peroxidation), and KC/GRO concentrations (a chemoattractive cytokine in rodents) in infected than in uninfected gerbils.. Furthermore, the authors repeated the experiments in gerbils pretreated with antineutrophil serum which reduced circulating neutrophils by 77%. Erosion index, myeloperoxidase activity, and thiobarbituric acid reactive ...
The present study investigated the effect of the aqueous extract of Helicteres isora L (Sterculiaceae) bark on oxidative stress in the heart of rats during diabetes. The aqueous extract of Helicteres isora bark (100 mg, 200 mg/kg body weight (b.w.)) was screened for its antioxidant effect in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats. An appreciable decrease in peroxidation products, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), conjugated dienes (CD), and hydroperoxides (HP) was observed in the heart tissues of Helicteres isora (HI) treated diabetic rats. The decreased activities of key antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione-S-tranferase (GST) and glutathione (GSH) in diabetic rats were brought back to near normal range upon HI treatment. Tolbutamide was used as the standard reference drug. These results suggest that HI possesses promising antioxidative activity in STZ diabetic rats ...
Tumor growth can often induce signs of oxidative stress in host organism. To assess the situation as for melanoma, the oxidative stress markers (specific malondialdehyde-thiobarbituric acid complexes: MDA-TBA; and less specific thiobarbituric acid reactive substances: TBARS) were measured in sera, liver and tumors of B16- and Cloudman S91- bearing mice and compared to those of control animals. The MDA-TBA levels (unlike TBARS) in the sera and liver of melanoma-bearing mice were significantly lower compared to controls. In addition, a significantly higher concentration of vitamin E was found in the blood and liver of both melanoma models compared to controls. Contrary to expectation, it appears that melanoma-bearing mice are able to suppress the level of lipid peroxidation. The free radical balance in melanoma-bearing hosts is unique and differs from other tumor types. This should be taken into consideration when designing a human melanoma therapy.. Key words: Free radical balance; Lipid ...
Yacon (Smallanthus sonchifolius) is a plant that grows in the Andean highlands of South America. Recent studies have shown that yacon is effective in improving antioxidant activity. In this study, the effects of different forms of yacon extracts (20% yacon water extract, 20% yacon juice, and 20% yacon extract) on the lipid oxidation and color of emulsion-type sausage were evaluated. Significant decrease in pH and residual nitrite (RN) values were observed as well as increased thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in all treatments over time. However, during the 30 days of storage, no differences were seen in pH values in any treatment. For color, differences in L*, a*, and b* due to each yacon extract were small, except at 0 days of storage. In conclusion, the addition of 20% yacon extract to emulsion-type sausages was most effective in improving lipid oxidative stability, which could lower pH.   Key words: Yacon water extract, yacon juice, yacon extract, lipid oxidation, color
The purpose of this study was to understand the relationship between dietary intake of antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids on free radical injury and free radical scavenging in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) so that complications of kidney failure, especially cardiovascular disease, may be avoided or delayed. Children with CKD on dialysis and post-renal transplantation are at an extremely high risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We hypothesized that children with CKD who have higher dietary intake of antioxidants and omega-3 FAs, would have lower free radical injury, as measured by 8-Isoprostanes (8-ISOP) and Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances (TBARS) and higher free radical scavenging, as measured by ABTS (2,2-Azino-di-[3-ethylbenzthiazoline sulphonate]) compared to children with CKD with lower intakes of these nutrients. Pre-dialysis was the baseline comparative group for this study. Nutrient intake was assessed by means of a 24-hour diet recall obtained prior to a
The goal of the present study is to evaluate the effect of Berberine chloride (BC) on the liver of streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rat. Diabetic rats were treated with BC (50 mg/kg b.w) or glibenclamide (6 mg/kg b.w), daily for 45 days. After BC treatment in diabetic rats, there was a significant (P , 0.05) decline in the levels of hepatic markers, lipid peroxidation markers such as lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), and pro-inflammatory mediators like tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), phosphorylated nuclear factor kappa-B-p65 (phospho-NF-κB p65), cyclooxygenase (COX-2), nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) as well as pro-apoptotic mediators such as Bax and cytochrome c ...
The goal of the present study is to evaluate the effect of Berberine chloride (BC) on the liver of streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rat. Diabetic rats were treated with BC (50 mg/kg b.w) or glibenclamide (6 mg/kg b.w), daily for 45 days. After BC treatment in diabetic rats, there was a significant (P , 0.05) decline in the levels of hepatic markers, lipid peroxidation markers such as lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), and pro-inflammatory mediators like tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), phosphorylated nuclear factor kappa-B-p65 (phospho-NF-κB p65), cyclooxygenase (COX-2), nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) as well as pro-apoptotic mediators such as Bax and cytochrome c ...
Background: Oxidative modification of low density lipoproteins (LDL) is recognized as one of the major processes involved in atherogenesis. The in vitro standardized measurement of LDL oxidative susceptibility could thus be of clinical significance. The aim of the present study was to establish a method which would allow the evaluation of oxidative susceptibility of LDL in the general clinical laboratory. Results: LDL was isolated from human plasma by selective precipitation with amphipathic polymers. The ability of LDL to form peroxides was assessed by measuring thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) after incubation with Cu2+ and H2O2. Reaction kinetics showed a three-phase pattern (latency, propagation and decomposition phases) which allowed us to select 150 min as the time point to stop the incubation by cooling and EDTA addition. The mixture Cu 2+/H2O2 yielded more lipoperoxides than each one on its own at the same time end-point. Induced peroxidation was measured in normal ...
TBARS: thiobarbituric acid reactive substances; MDA: malondialdehyde; ox-LDL: oxidized low-density lipoproteins; PCOOH phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide; ROS: reactive oxygen species; MPO: myeloperoxidase; ADMA: asymmetric dimethylarginine; AOPPs: advanced oxidation protein products; AGEs: advanced glycation end-products; 8-OHdG: 8-hydroxy deoxyguanosine; 8-oxodG: 8-oxo-2 ...
Aims The lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), encoded by the OLR1 gene, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We therefore evaluated the genotyping of OLR1 gene in a sample of 55 patients with Metabolic Syndrome, a clinical condition characterized by a high cardiovascular risk.. Methods and Patients The genotyping of the LOX-1 was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of the IVS4-14 A,G OLR1 polymorphism embedded within the OLR1 Linkage Disequilibrium block. Patients were assessed for routine serum parameters, microalbuminuria, insulin resistance (HOMA) and oxidative stress (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, TBARs and thioredoxin).. Results The allele or genotype distribution of the OLR1 IVS4-14 A,G was not statistically different between MS and controls subjects. A positive association was found between IVS4-14 GG genotype, microalbuminuria and fasting glycaemia as well as a higher frequency of type 2 diabetes, elevated ...
This study assessed the chronic effects of terbuthylazine-2-hydroxy (T2H), one of the main terbuthylazine degradation products, on early life stages of marbled crayfish (Procambarus fallax f. virginalis) by means of mortality, growth rate, early ontogeny, oxidative stress, antioxidant defence and histopathology. The crayfish were exposed to four concentrations of the tested substance as follows: 0.75 μg/l (environmental concentration), 75, 375 and 750 μg/l for 62 days. Concentrations over 75 μg/l caused lower weight compared to the control group. T2H at 750 μg/l caused delay in ontogenetic development. Levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and total superoxide dismutase activity were significantly (p , 0.01) lower in groups exposed to 375 and 750 μg/l T2H. Crayfish in these treatments also showed alteration of tubular system including disintegration of tubular epithelium with complete loss of structure in some places of hepatopancreas and wall thinning up to disintegration of ...
The pale, soft, exudative (PSE) syndrome lowers storage quality and consumers acceptability in the particular meat. With the increase in the consumption of parted chickens in Korean meat consumption trade, a parallel increase in the concern over the PSE status of chickens have been noticed. The present study focused on the PSE status of broilers breast to investigate the effects of different degrees of PSE on its quality and storage characteristics. A total of 46 broiler chickens of 35 days old averaging 1,251-1,350 g were selected for the study. Breast separated and skin was removed. The breast meat was stored at |TEX|$4^{\circ}C$|/TEX| for 3 days and were analysed for pH, lightness, yellowness, redness, shear force, water-holding capacity (WHC), cooking loss, Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and Volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) on day 1 and 3 during the storage. Increase in the degree of broilers breast PSE during storage caused fall in pH and shear force and increase in lightness,
Dalam studi tersebut sebanyak enam puluh dua wanita postmenopause dengan karakteristik biofisik yang sama dibagi menjadi tiga kelompok: (1) sebanyak 18 wanita tidak mengambil HRT atau apapun, (2) 20 menerima terapi pengganti estrogen saja (ERT, conugated equine estrogen) dan (3) sebanyak 22 wanita yang menerima dikombinasikan HRT estrogen/progestin (conjugated equine estrogen + medroxyprogesterone acetate). Kerusakan oksidatif molekul tertentu terdeteksi dengan mengukur 8-hidroksi-2-deoksi guanosin (8-OH-2DG), untuk kerusakan DNA, dan standardized thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), untuk kerusakan molekul lemak dan protein karbonil (protein). Aktivitas antioksidan enzim dideteksi dengan mengukur aktivitas katalase, dan status antioksidan total diukur dengan menggunakan 1,1,difenil-2-picril hydrazil. Kedua metode ELISA dan fotometrik digunakan ...
Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with five intra-rectal applications of ozoneuoxygen mixture at 0.36, 1.1 and 1.8 mgukg after cisplatin intraperitoneal injection (6 mgukg). Serum and kidneys were taken off 5 days after cisplatin treatment. Creatinine was measured in the serum and the activities of antioxidant enzymes and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and glutathione content were analyzed in renal homogenate.. ...
Osteoarthritis (OA) affects a large segment of the aging population and is a major cause of pain and disability. At present, there is no specific treatment available to prevent or retard the cartilage destruction that occurs in OA. Recently, glucosamine sulfate has received attention as a putative agent that may retard cartilage degradation in OA. The precise mechanism of action of glucosamine is not known. We investigated the effect of glucosamine in an in vitro model of cartilage collagen degradation in which collagen degradation induced by activated chondrocytes is mediated by lipid peroxidation reaction. Lipid peroxidation in chondrocytes was measured by conjugated diene formation. Protein oxidation and aldehydic adduct formation were studied by immunoblot assays. Antioxidant effect of glucosamine was also tested on malondialdehyde (thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances [TBARS]) formation on purified lipoprotein oxidation for comparison. Glucosamine sulfate and glucosamine hydrochloride in
In a placebo-controlled study involving 20 recreational marathon runners, results indicate that consumption of tart cherry juice may enable recovery following a marathon run. The subjects were assigned to consume cherry juice or placebo for 5 days before, the day of and for 48 hours following a marathon run. Isometric strength recovery was significantly faster in the cherry juice group, compared with the placebo group. Additionally, inflammation and TBARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive species) were reduced and total antioxidant status increased in the cherry juice group. Thus, the authors of this study conclude, "The cherry juice appears to provide a viable means to aid recovery following strenuous exercise by increasing total antioxidative capacity, reducing inflammation, lipid peroxidation and so aiding in the recovery of muscle function ...
This study aimed to develop pork products of acceptable organoleptic quality enriched with long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA). Female pigs were fed a finisher diet containing 15% PorcOmega™ tuna fishmeal or a commercial diet. Pigs and rations were weighed weekly. The feed conversion ratio was significantly lower in pigs fed fishmeal than in controls (2.61 ± 0.01 versus 2.96 ± 0.06, p ,0.05). After 6 weeks, the pigs were butchered and the fatty acid contents of selected pork products were analyzed by gas chromatography. Shelf life was tested by thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), initially and after 5 days of cold storage, and sensory qualities were evaluated after cooking. LC n-3 PUFA contents of pork products from pigs fed fishmeal were higher than in controls (steak 300%, stir-fry 250%, diced 520%, mince 480%, sausage 360%; p ,0.05 in all cases). There were no differences between n-3-enriched and regular pork in either TBARS content of stored raw products ...
p,A carboxyfluorescein (CF)-enveloping soybean phosphatidylcholine liposome was used as a model of physicochemical damage of biomembranes. The liposomes were exposed to a metal-chelate complex [2 mM of ferric nitrilotriacetate (FeNTA) or cupric nitrilotriacetate (CuNTA)] plus a reductant (2 mM of ascorbate or various concentrations of reduced glutathione), and CF release from damaged liposomal membranes and the generation of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) were measured. In the presence of a reducing agent, both FeNTA and CuNTA stimulated markedly CF release and an increase in the TBARS level, while in the absence of a reducing agent both of the chelate complexes showed little CF release and TBARS. The effects of H2O2 addition to the reaction system containing liposome with FeNTA or CuNTA plus ascorbate were also examined. The CF release was slightly increased by the addition of a smaller dose (0.5 mM) of H2O2 and it was inhibited by 8 mM of H2O2. A similar result was obtained in ...
p,A carboxyfluorescein (CF)-enveloping soybean phosphatidylcholine liposome was used as a model of physicochemical damage of biomembranes. The liposomes were exposed to a metal-chelate complex [2 mM of ferric nitrilotriacetate (FeNTA) or cupric nitrilotriacetate (CuNTA)] plus a reductant (2 mM of ascorbate or various concentrations of reduced glutathione), and CF release from damaged liposomal membranes and the generation of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) were measured. In the presence of a reducing agent, both FeNTA and CuNTA stimulated markedly CF release and an increase in the TBARS level, while in the absence of a reducing agent both of the chelate complexes showed little CF release and TBARS. The effects of H2O2 addition to the reaction system containing liposome with FeNTA or CuNTA plus ascorbate were also examined. The CF release was slightly increased by the addition of a smaller dose (0.5 mM) of H2O2 and it was inhibited by 8 mM of H2O2. A similar result was obtained in ...
The objective of this study was to evaluate the sub-lethal toxicity of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) in fish. Adult Chinese rare minnows as in vivo models were exposed to waterborne HBCDD from 1 to 500 mu g/l for 14, 28 and 42 days. Hepatic CYP1A1 (ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase, EROD) and CYP2B1 (pentaoxyresorufin-O-depentylase, PROD) activities were measured. At the same time, molecular biomarkers of oxidative stress were also assayed in the brain, including reactive oxygen species (ROS), lipid peroxidation products (thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, TBARS), DNA damage and protein carbonyl, as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and glutathione (GSH) content. DNA damage was evaluated using the Comet assay on erythrocytes. Besides, the content of HBCDD in whole fish was determined after 42 days exposure. The results show that HBCDD could induce EROD and PROD at 500 mu g/l after 28 days exposure, and at 100 to 500 mu g/l after 42 days exposure (P < 0.05), respectively. ROS ...
Exposure of proteins to reducing sugars results in nonenzymatic glycation with the ultimate formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). One means through which AGEs modulate cellular functions is through binding to specific cell surface acceptor molecules. The receptor for AGEs (RAGE) is such a receptor and is a newly identified member of the immunoglobulin superfamily expressed on endothelial cells (ECs), mononuclear phagocytes (MPs), and vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in both vivo and in vitro. Binding of AGEs to RAGE results in induction of cellular oxidant stress, as exemplified by the generation of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, expression of heme oxygenase type I, and activation of the transcription factor NF-kB, with consequences for a range of cellular functions. AGEs on the surface of diabetic red cells enhance binding to endothelial RAGE and result in enhanced oxidant stress in the vessel wall. By using reagents to selectively block access to RAGE, the role of ...
... , Krishnamurthy N, Chinmoy Ghosh , Sumathi M E, Ashakiran S, Dayanand C D
본 연구에서는 우리나라 다소비 채소류인 앙파와 무가 지방대사와 항산화능에 미치는 영향을 알아보기 위하여 평균체중이 157±6g인 Sprague- Dawley종 수컷 흰쥐 49마리를 건분 또는 에탄올추출물, 즙식이와 이 채소시료를 첨가하지 않은 대조식이로 4주간 사육하였다. 건분의 경우 식이 무게의 5% 수준으로 첨가하였고, 이들의 에탄올추출물은 식이의 5%에 상응하는 건분을 에탄올로 추출한 후 동결건조하여 식이에 첨가하였고, 각 시료의 즙은 건분군에서 사용한 건조분말의 원재료와 동량의 생재료로 즙을 낸 것을 동결건조하여 식이에 섞어 사용하였다. 지방대사를 알아보기 위하여 혈장, 간, 변의 총 지방, 중성지방, 총 콜레스테롤농도 및 혈장의 HDL-콜레스테롤농도를 분석하였고, 항산화능을 알아보기 위해서는 혈장과 간의 Thio Barbituric Acid Reactive Substance (TBARS) ...
Lipid peroxidation as TBARS in colonValues are mean ± SEM. aSignificantly different from sham group at p | 0.01. bSignificantly different from control group
FERREIRA, Daiane et al. Antioxidant activity of bee products added to water in tebuconazole-exposed fish. Neotrop. ichthyol. [online]. 2012, vol.10, n.1, pp.215-220. ISSN 1679-6225. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-62252012000100021.. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the potential of honey, propolis, and bee pollen for the reversal of lipid peroxidation induced by tebuconazole (TEB) in South American catfish (Rhamdia quelen), in which the concentration of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), the activity of the antioxidant enzyme glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and the concentrations of non-enzymatic antioxidants, reduced glutathione (GSH), ascorbic acid, and non-protein thiols were assessed. Honey (0.125 g L-1) and bee pollen (0.05 g L-1) added to the water reverse the production of TBARS induced by TEB, while propolis demonstrated a pro-oxidant effect, inducing an increase in TBARS production. The data presented herein suggest that the addition of water to honey and bee ...
en] The effect of cryoprotectants (maltodextrin+glycerol) and cryoprotectants+antioxidant [ascorbic acid and/or butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT)] mixtures on the survival, electrolyte leakage, and lipid degradation of freeze-dried Weissella paramesenteroides LC11 during storage was investigated and compared with that of the control (cells without additives) over a 90-day storage period at 4 or 20 degrees in glass tubes with water activity (a(w)) of 0.23. The survival, electrolyte leakage, and lipid degradation were evaluated through colony counts, electrical conductivity, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) content, respectively. The fatty acids composition was determined by gas chromatography, in both the total lipid extract and the polar lipid fraction, and compared with that of the control after the 90-day storage period. As the storage proceeded, increases in leakage value and TBARS content, as well as a decrease in viability, were observed. After 90 days of storage, the major ...
Raphiodon echinus (R. echinus) is used in Brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of inflammation, coughs, and infectious diseases. However, no information is available on the potential antioxidant, cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of this plant. In this study, the polyphenolic constituents, antioxidant capacity and potential toxic effects of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of R. echinus on human erythrocytes and leukocytes were investigated for the first time. R. echinus extracts showed the presence of Gallic, chlorogenic, caffeic and ellagic acids, rutin, quercitrin and quercetin. Aqueous and ethanolic extracts of R. echinus exhibited antioxidant activity in DPPH radical scavenging with IC50 = 111.9 μg/mL (EtOH extract) and IC50 = 227.9 μg/mL (aqueous extract). The extracts inhibited Fe2+ (10 μM) induced thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) formation in rat brain and liver homogenates. The extracts (30-480 μg/mL) did not induce genotoxicity, cytotoxicity or osmotic fragility in human
Studies suggest that ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUPAs) are beneficial in inhibiting the growth of cancer cells and may enhance the cytotoxicity induced by certain chemotherapeutic agents. It is known that seal oil is rich in ω-3 PUPAs. The effect of seal oil and its role on the cytotoxicity and apoptosis induced by paclitaxel was, therefore, investigated in breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231. -- MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells were respectively treated with seal oil, paclitaxel, and paclitaxel in combination with seal oil. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by MTT assay. Apoptosis was investigated by morphological changes and DNA strand break assay. Western blot assay was used to assess the expression of p53 and Bcl-2 proteins. The lipid peroxide products were measured by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TEARS) assay and the intracellular lipid composition was determined by gas chromatography (GC). -- MTT assay showed that seal oil induced cell death and enhanced paclitaxel ...
Oxidative stress and inflammatory mediators, such as IL-6, play an important role in the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis. The study was aimed to assess the degree of the pro/antioxidative imbalance and estimate which antioxidant plays a role in the maintenance of pro/antioxidative balance during acute pancreatitis. The study was investigated in the blood of 32 patients with acute pancreatitis and 37 healthy subjects. IL-6 concentration as early marker of inflammation was determinated. The intensity of oxidative stress was assessed by TBARS concentration. To investigate antioxidative status, the GPx and Cu/Zn SOD activities and the levels of GSH, MT, SH groups, and TRAP were measured. The concentrations of Cu and Zn as ions participating in the maintenance of antioxidant enzymes stability and playing a role in the course of disease were determinated. The activities of GGT, AAP, NAG, and |i|β|/i|-GD as markers of tissue damage were also measured. An increase in IL-6 concentration, which
The major finding of the study is that long-term oral Rg1 supplementation can strengthen antioxidant defense capability in skeletal muscle and attenuate the oxidative damage induced by an acute bout of exhaustive exercise. In particular, exhaustive exercise-induced membrane lipid peroxidation was effectively eliminated in the skeletal muscle of rats, which pre-treated with Rg1. In line with this finding, decreased GSH/GSSG ratio after exercise was prevented in the Rg1 group. These results provide compelling evidence that oral Rg1 supplementation can protect sarcolemma against exercise-induced oxidative stress by enhancing antioxidant system of skeletal muscle.. Minimizing of unwanted side reactions like lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation is essential in preserving normal function of cells, since all chemical reactions in human cells are under strict enzymatic regulation to conform a tightly controlled metabolic program. These are largely relying on maintaining normal structure of ...
Alpha-tocopherol, a lipid soluble antioxidant, has been shown to protect endothelial cells against oxidative damage (18-21). Previous reports showed that alpha-tocopherol supplementation restored endothelial function in parallel with suppression of lipid peroxidation in low density lipoproteins (LDL) in experimental hypercholesterolemic animals (19,21). In this regard, the present study also showed that the improvement of endothelium-dependent vasodilation was associated with decrease in plasma TBARS levels, an indicator of lipid peroxidation, after alpha-tocopherol treatment in patients with high remnants levels. This strongly suggests that the beneficial effect of alpha-tocopherol, as shown in the present study, was at least partly mediated through prevention of endothelial function from oxidative stress-induced injury in patients with high remnant lipoproteins levels. We have previously shown that oxidatively modified LDL causes endothelial dysfunction and has an important role in ...
Previous studies reported divergent results on nutraceutical actions and free radical scavenging capability of ginseng extracts. Variations in ginsenoside profile of ginseng due to different soil and
Materials and Methods: Forty two male prepubertal rats were divided into 6 groups: the varicocele group were either fed with 10% FS, or with regular diet, or with Vit E, the group with sham operation fed with 10% FS, or had regular diet, and control rats who had not been operated but received regular diet. Varicocele was created by Koksal method. After 6 weeks sperm superoxide anion and H2O2 were evaluated by flowcytometery. Semen total antioxidant capacity (TAC) by Koracevic method and testes malondialdehyde (MDA) by thiobarbituric acid with spectrophotometry was measured ...
Barbiturates: A class of chemicals derived from barbituric acid or thiobarbituric acid. Many of these are GABA MODULATORS used as HYPNOTICS AND SEDATIVES, as ANESTHETICS, or as ANTICONVULSANTS.
Seven flavonoids were isolated from Eremosparton songoricum (Litv) Vass and their antioxidation actions were examined. To investigate protective ability against DNA damage induced by H2O2, human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were incubated with 5-hydroxy-7,4′-dimethoxyflavone,5,7-dihydroxy-3′,4′-dimethoxyflavone, acacetin, chrysoeriol, pedalitin, flavogadorinin and 5,7,4′-trihydroxy-3′-methoxyflavone-4′-O-D-glucoside separately and then treated by H2O2. The percentage of damaged cells were determined by single-cell gel electrophoresis. To examine their inhibition of lipid peroxidation, the compounds were incubated with rat microsomes and the reaction was initiated by Fe2+/Vc. The lipid peroxidation product thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) was determined. The result showed most of flavonoids had concentration-dependent antioxdative activities. The relationship of antioxidation and the structure is discussed.
The ability of a novel porphyrin, meso-tetrakis[3,4-bis(carboxymethyleneoxy)phenyl]porphyrin (T3,4-CPP), to induce photodamage in subcellular membranes, in the form of rat hepatic and tumor microsomes, was evaluated with a view to locating suitable porphyrin derivative for possible use in photodynamic therapy. This water-soluble porphyrin, on exposure to visible light, induced a significant extent of membrane lipid peroxidation as assessed by the formation of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, lipid hydroperoxides and conjugated dienes. The peroxidation induced in hepatic microsomes is both time-and concentration-dependent. Using inhibitors of reactive oxygen species and comparing products of peroxidation, it is shown that the damage induced is mainly due to singlet oxygen and partly due to other species like free radicals. T3,4-CPP also caused the generation of singlet oxygen as a function of illumination time. Since membrane damage induced by a sensitizer on photoexcitation has been ...
The essential oils, isolated by hydrodistillation from the leaves, seeds and rhizomes of Heracleum sprengelianum (Wight and Arnott), collected from the Western Ghats of Peninsula India, were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The antioxidant property of these oils was tested, with and without peroxidation inducer, through the egg yolk-based Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances assay (TBARS assay) and in the concentrations of 50, 100, 250 and 500 mg/L. β-Pinene, 1,8-Cineole, β-Phellandrene and ρ-Cymen-8-ol were the main components of H. sprengelianum leaves, seeds and rhizomes essential oils. The oils demonstrated the antioxidant capacity in the absence of radical inducer 2, 20-azobis-(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (ABAP), mainly that of H. sprengelianum at 250 and 500 mg/L, comparable in some cases to that of α-tocopherol and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). The presence of ABAP diminished the antioxidant ability of all tested
This study aimed to evaluate the shelf-life of mechanically filleted well-fed Atlantic mackerel during frozen storage at −25 °C and effect of treatment with antioxidants (sodium erythorbate and a polyphosphate mixture) and different antioxidant application methods (dipping, spraying and glazing). Both physicochemical measurements and sensory analysis were applied. Antioxidant treatments prolonged shelf-life of mackerel. Sensory analysis indicated that untreated fillets had a shelf-life of less than 2.5 months, while all antioxidant treated fillets exceeded that. The most effective treatment, dipping fillets into a sodium erythorbate solution, yielding a shelf-life of 15 months. Physicochemical methods used to evaluate degradation of lipids in the fillets were free fatty acids (FFA), lipid hydroperoxides (PV) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). They did not correlate with sensory results and might therefore be a questionable choice for evaluation of oxidation and development of rancid