A method is provided for temporary coloration of textile materials which comprises applying to said textile materials an amine-reducible tint in an amount sufficient to provide coloration to said textile material, said tint being characterized by the formula: R{A[alkeneoxy constituent).sub.n X].sub.m }.sub.p where RA is the organic, easily reducible dyestuff radical, A is a linking moiety in said organic, easily reducible dyestuff radical selected from the group consisting of --N--, --O--, --S--, or --CO2 --, the alkenyl moiety of said alkyleneoxy constituent contains from 2 to about 4 carbon atoms, n is an integer of from 2 to about 300, m is 1 when A is --O--, --S--, --CO2 -- and 2 when A is --N--, p is an integer of from 1 to 5, and X is a member of the group consisting of --H--, alkyl, -alkylcarboxylate, or -arylcarboxylate; and contacting said amine-reducible tint with an amine compound in an amount sufficient to reduce said tint whereby said coloration of said textile material is removed.
FUGITIVE TINTING F TEXTILE MATERIALS Henry Charles Olpin, Alexander McGill and Alexander James Wesson, Spondon, near Derby, England, assignors to British Celanese Limited, a corporation of Great Britain No Drawing. Application September 1, 1953, Serial No. 377,957 Claims priority, application Great Britain September 22, 1952 9 Claims. (Cl. 8-56) This invention relates to textile tinting compositions and to the fugitive tinting of textile materials, especially the fugitive tinting of fibres of cellulose acetate or other cellulose ester or ether. It is a common practice in the textile industry to apply fugitive tints to textile threads and other textile materials in order to assist identification during processing. It is often a great advantage to be able to identify particular ends in a warp during weaving or to distinguish at a glance one kind of yarn from another. Again, in preparing mixtures of two different kinds of staple fibre, for example a mixture of cellulose acetate staple fibre and ...
Work has been intensified around the integration of textile and measurement technology for physiological measurements in the last years. As a result nowadays it is possible to find available commercial products for cardiovascular personal healthcare monitoring. Most of the efforts have been focused in the acquisition of EKG for cardiovascular monitoring where textile electrodes have shown satisfactory performance. Electrical Bioimpedance is another type of physiological measurement that can be used for personal healthcare monitoring where the integration and the performance of the textile electrodes has not been investigated that thoroughly. In this work, the influence of the textile electrodes on the measurements and on the estimation of the Cole (R0 , R?, fC and a) and body composition (TBW, ICW, ECW and FFM) parameters has been especially addressed. Complex Spectroscopy 4-electrode wrist-to-ankle electrical bioimpedance measurements taken with conventional Ag/AgCl and textile-electrodes on customized
The air permeability of textile fabrics is defined as the air passed over a surface under a certain pressure difference in a unit time. Air permeability is often used in evaluating the performance of clothing textiles and technical textiles such as air bags, sail cloth, parachutes sails and industrial textile filters. In practice, which does not have to include scientific research, it is necessary that all tests of textile materials are carried out according to the standards. In the case of air permeability, the most commonly used standard methods are ASTM D737 and ISO 9237 standards. The values of the tested property of a textile material vary very often depending on the device used and method applied. In this research, a comparison of the results of air permeability of some plain knitted fabrics was made, which were obtained using two different devices according to ASTM D737 and ISO 9237 methods. The results obtained indicated the differences in the values of air permeability for all... the ...
In this paper a detailed investigation, based on simulations and experiments of polarized light propagation through textile material, is presented. The fibers in textile material are generally anisotropic with axisymmetric structure. The formalism of anisotropic fiber scattering (AFS) at oblique incidence is first deduced and then, based on this formalism and considered multiscattering, a polarization-dependent Monte Carlo method is employed to simulate the propagation of polarized light in textile material. Taking cotton fiber assemblies as samples, the forward-scattering Mueller matrices are calculated theoretically through the AFS-based simulations and measured experimentally by an improved Mueller matrix polarimeter. Their variations according to sample thickness are discussed primarily. With these matrices polar-decomposed, a further discussion on the optical polarization properties of cotton fiber assemblies (i.e., depolarization ...
Prospects of bamboo fibre in textile applications. Medical textiles: Health care and hygienic textiles are a key area in medical textiles. There are wide ranges of products available in health care and hygiene textiles like surgical mask, surgical caps, and absorbent textiles. The absorbent textiles are used in incontinence products, baby diapers. Since bamboo have excellent softness, soft surface feel and good absorbency and dry fast. The usage in hygiene textiles provides an opportunity for the personalised health care segment in medical textiles. Since bamboo has good antimicrobial characteristics it is suitable for bandages used for wound healings.. Home textiles: Home textile is an important segment of textiles value chain; it covers products like table cloth, towel, curtains, sheets and pillow cases. Presently towels are made from cotton and blends of cotton. Since Bamboo has excellent characteristics to absorb moisture from the wet skin it also posses light weight, softness and dry fast. ...
Global Electrically Conductive Textiles Sales Market Report 2017 1 Electrically Conductive Textiles Market Overview 1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Electrically Conductive Textiles 1.2 Classification of Electrically Conductive Textiles by Product Category 1.2.1 Global Electrically Conductive Textiles Market Size (Sales) Comparison by Type (2012-2022) 1.2.2 Global Electrically Conductive Textiles Market Size (Sales) Market Share by Type (Product Category) in 2016 1.2.3 Knitted Textiles 1.2.4 Woven Textiles 1.3 Global Electrically Conductive Textiles Market by Application/End Users 1.3.1 Global Electrically Conductive Textiles Sales (Volume) and Market Share Comparison by Application (2012-2022) 1.3.2 Medical & Healthcare 1.3.3 Electronic Industry 1.3.4 Military 1.3.5 Commercial 1.4 Global Electrically Conductive Textiles Market by Region 1.4.1 Global Electrically Conductive Textiles Market Size (Value) Comparison by Region (2012-2022) 1.4.2 United States Electrically Conductive Textiles Status ...
Welcome to the department of textile engineering! This is the place intended to facilitate the organization and development of content related to textile engineering. Textile engineering (TE) or textile technology deals with the application of scientific and engineering principles to the design and control of all aspects of fiber, textile, and apparel processes, products, and machinery. These include natural and man-made materials, interaction of materials with machines, safety and health, energy conservation, and waste and pollution control. Additionally, textile engineers are given training and experience in plant design and layout, machine and wet process design and improvement, and designing and creating textile products. A textile engineer therefore works with textile materials: fibers, yarns, fabrics, and finishes. Most textile engineers work on product research and development, either improving current textile based products or creating new products. They may also be involved with finding ...
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United States Patent Office 3,540,835 CARBOXYLIC ACID GROUP CONTAINING CO- POLYMER IS APPLIED TO TEXTILE WHICH HAS BEEN TREATED WITH AN AMINOPLAST RESIN TO IMPROVE SOIL RELEASE CHARACTERIS- TICS THEREOF Francis W. Marco, Spartanburg, S.C., assignor to Deering Milliken Research Corporation, Spartanburg, S.C., a corporation of South Carolina No Drawing. Continuation-impart of application Ser. No. 570,169, Aug. 4, 1966. This application Aug. 11, 1967, Ser. No. 659,852 Int. Cl. D06m /54, 15/14 U.S. Cl. 8-115.6 13 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A process for imparting soil release and durable press characteristics to a textile material which comprises applying thereto a textile resin and a textile resin catalyst, at least partially curing said resin, applying to the resintreated textile material a synthetic acid polymer comprising at least weight percent acid calculated as acrylic acid, and heating the resulting textile material under textile resin curing conditions. This application is a ...
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Smart Textile Essay Smart textiles is the modification of fibers, fabrics and special articals which is produceing day by day in different way and different techniques. Many intelligent textiles already feature in advanced types of clothing, principally for protection and safety and for added fashion or convenience. Smart materials or textiles can be defined as the materials and structures which have sense or can sense the environmental conditions or stimuli, whereas intelligent textiles can be defined as textile structures which not only can sense but can also react and respond to environmental conditions or stimuli. These stimuli as well as response, could be thermal, chemical, mechanical, electric, magnetic or from other source. Classification of Smart Textiles: According to functional activity smart textiles can be classified in three categories: ? Passive Smart Textiles: The first generations of smart textiles, which can only sense the environmental conditions or stimulus, are called ...
A process for chemically bonding an odor-encapsulating agent to textiles includes reacting a cyclodextrin with a cross-linking agent capable of forming ether bonds with the cyclodextrin and with the textile material, and curing the textile material treated with a mixture of the cyclodextrin and cross-linking agent. Preferably, the cross-linking agent is imidazolidone, which forms an ether bond with a hydroxyl group on the cyclodextrin and with a hydroxyl group. In textile materials containing cellulose, imidazolidone forms an ether bond with a hydroxyl group on the cellulose. An active agent can be complexed with the cyclodextrin for release. Textiles formed by such a process can comprise an article of clothing adapted to trap odors emanating from a wearer.
The aim of this thesis work has been to study textile and screen printed smartware electrodes for electrocardiographic (ECG) measurements both in terms of their electrode properties and possibility to further improve their robustness to movement induced noise by using signal processing. Smartware electrodes for ECG measurements have previously been used in various applications but basic electrical electrode properties have not sufficiently been looked into. Furthermore, we believe that there is a possibility to reduce disturbances in the smartware ECG by adding redundant sensors and applying sensor fusion signal processing.. Electrical properties of conductive textiles have been evaluated in terms of stability and electrode impedance. Three yarns and textile electrode surfaces were tested. The electrodes made from pure stainless steel and 50\% stainless steel/ 50\% polyester showed acceptable stability of electrode potentials. All electrode measurements were performed on skin.. Furthermore, we ...
Cereals, Pulses and Oil Seeds (maize, beans, rice, chicpeas and sesame seeds, sunflower, soybeans, n, Cereals, Pulses and Oil Seeds (maize, beans, rice, chicpeas and sesame seeds, sunflower, soybeans, n, Cereals, Pulses and Oil Seeds (maize, beans, rice, chicpeas and sesame seeds, sunflower, soybeans, n, Coffee, Commercial Handicrafts Sector (basketry, mats, ceramics, beads, pottery, hand textiles and woven pro, Commercial Handicrafts Sector (basketry, mats, ceramics, beads, pottery, hand textiles and woven pro, Cotton, Textile and Garment, Cotton, Textile and Garment, Cotton, Textile and Garment, Dairy Products, Education and Training Services, Fisheries, Floriculture, Fruits and Vegetables, Manufacturing Sector (sugar, beer, soft drinks, cigarettes, textiles, cement, laundry soap, edibile , Manufacturing Sector (sugar, beer, soft drinks, cigarettes, textiles, cement, laundry soap, edibile , Manufacturing Sector (sugar, beer, soft drinks, cigarettes, textiles, cement, laundry soap, edibile , ...
Textile, as an intimate partner of human body, shows promising application in wearable thermoelectrics for body heat conversion. Compared with other widely studied flexible film thermoelectric materials, textiles having better air-permeability, wearability, and flexibility are more suitable for wearable electronics. In the past few years, many researches have focused on the design and fabrication of textile-based thermoelectric materials and generators. By integrating with high performance inorganic semiconductors and conductive polymers, fabrics or fibers will be given thermoelectric properties. Technologies of coating, printing, and even thermal drawing can be adopted in the fabrication of textile thermoelectric materials. With great design flexibility, various flexible textile generator structures can be obtained by using yarns or fabrics as thermoelectric legs, which will bring new inspirations for the future development of flexible thermoelectrics.
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ASTM-D7024 Standard Test Method for Steady State and Dynamic Thermal Performance of Textile Materials (Withdrawn 2013) - ICS Number Code 59.080.01 (Textiles in general)
The dyeing or printing of textile material by means of a sublimable dyestuff is to take place, according to the invention, by means of the gas phase. For this, the dyestuff is evaporated at a distance from the textile material, brought to the textile material in the gaseous state, converted into the solid state again there and then fixed to the fibre. As a device for carrying out this process, there is provided, for example, a screen drum, which is under suction draught, or a heated cylinder, to which is assigned respectively a device for the evaporation of the dyestuff, which can also be the cylinder itself. |IMAGE|
Nov. 1, 1960 K. H. BARNARD 2,958,608 TEXTILE FABRICS AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 18, 1958 FIGZ INVENTOR. KENNETH H. BARNARD ATTORNEY Nov. 1, 1960 K. H. BARNARD 2,958,608 TEXTILE FABRICS AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME Filed April 18, 1958 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. KENNETH H, BA RNARD ATTORNEY Nov. 1, 1960 KQH. BARNARD 2,958,603 TEXTILE mamas AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME Filed April 18, 1958 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR. KENNETH H BARNARD dim/mu T t mw ATTORNEY 2,958,608 TEXTILE FABRICS AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME Filed April 1a, 1958 Nov. 1, 1960 K. H. BARNARD 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 FIG INVENTOR. KENNETH H BARNARD ATTORNEY TEXTILE FABRICS AND METHODS OF MAKING TIE SAME Kenneth H. Barnard, Barnstable, Mass, assignor to ChHCOPQE Manufacturing Corporation, a corporation of Massachusetts Filed Apr. 18, 1958, Set. N0. 729,391 18 Claims. (Cl. 117.11) The present invention relates to textile fabrics having a novel appearance and unique surface interest and to methods of ...
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silver nitrate. This article describes a method for imparting antimicrobial properties to textile materials by impregnation using water solutions and gels based on L-cysteine and silver nitrate. The results of microbiological testing of the samples are presented.. Key words: antimicrobial textile materials, impregnation, L-cysteine, silver nitrate. V. S. Federyaeva, R. F. Vitkovskaya, J. Goralski, I. Kotsemba, S. V. Petrov. Catalytic oxidation of carbon oxide and methane over nickel oxide catalysts supported on basalt fibers. In this paper properties of oxide catalysts supported on novel basalt fiber supports are considered. Catalysts were prepared by impregnation of basalt fibers with 5 wt.% solution of nickel nitrate. In this paper we considered an influence of basalt fibers treatment with solution of hydrochloric acid on metal content of catalysts prepared, carbon oxide and methane conversion, activation energy and interaction in metal oxide - support system using temperature programmed ...
TY - CONF AU - Milošević, Ksenija AU - Janjić, Ognjen AU - Lučić Škorić, Marija AU - Kalagasidis Krušić, Melina PY - 2019 UR - https://www.shd.org.rs/index.php/abstracts-56 UR - http://cer.ihtm.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/3300 AB - Textile industry wastewater represents a serious environmental problem because it contains different dyes and toxic substances used during the production and dyeing of textile. Thus, it is necessary to investigate the removal of dyes from wastewater using a simple method such as sorption. Since different salts are used during the dyeing of textile, anions and cations are present in wastewaters and they can affect the process of dye removal. In this paper, the influence of several anions on the removal of textile dyes was investigated. Chitosan and methacrylic acid-based hydrogels obtained by free-radical polymerization and cross-linked with N,N-methylenebisacrylamide were used as sorbents. Removal of two textile dyes was investigated (anionic dye C.I. Acid ...
Tens of millions of people live in mosquito-infested regions and controlling mosquito-borne diseases is one of the major interventions aimed at alleviating poverty worldwide. The use of insecticide-treated textiles is one of the most widespread control measures. This includes bed nets, battle clothing or, more generally, textiles use for clothing. These textiles are generally treated with permethrin as active ingredient, which is dosed after extraction of the active molecule present throughout the fabric (measured in mg permethrin/g of fabric) and does not take the effective concentration on the textile surfaces into account. The objective of this study was to propose an improved dosage method that enables measurement of the bioavailable or effective part of active ingredients on the surface of textile treated with insecticides. The proposed method relies on mechanical extraction of active molecules on the surface of the textile in direct contact with either the skin or with the targeted arthropod. The
Background Tens of millions of people live in mosquito-infested regions and controlling mosquito-borne diseases is one of the major interventions aimed at alleviating poverty worldwide. The use of insecticide-treated textiles is one of the most widespread control measures. This includes bed nets, battle clothing or, more generally, textiles use for clothing. These textiles are generally treated with permethrin as active ingredient, which is dosed after extraction of the active molecule present throughout the fabric (measured in mg permethrin/g of fabric) and does not take the effective concentration on the textile surfaces into account. The objective of this study was to propose an improved dosage method that enables measurement of the bioavailable or effective part of active ingredients on the surface of textile treated with insecticides. Methods The proposed method relies on mechanical extraction of active molecules on the surface of the textile in direct contact with either the skin or with ...
Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylate - Detergents, Intermediates ...- which type of detergent suitable for textile industry ,The more water soluble members of the range are useful detergents, wetting agents and dye leveling agents in both acidic and alkaline solutions and in environments where ionics are unsuitable. Textile oils and fiber lubricants can be emulsified by products within the SHREE CHEM LA, OA and CSA series.Textile Engineering Project Topics - Online Textile AcademyJul 09, 2017·Textile wastewater treatment and colour removal using sugarcane bagasse ; The fabric shear meter. To design a suitable creel for sectional warping machine using cheeses-cones as supply packages. Waste silk polypropylene non-woven. Development of a safe antibacterial finish for kitchen fabric. A study of various thickening agents used in silk ...
Smart textiles wearable technology: With the development of textile technology, apparel industry has made some breakthroughs in terms of comfort and warmth retaining. The revolutionary integration of electronics and textiles has enabled Smart Textiles to sense and react to changing environment, which has triggered a revolutionary change in the industry. Wearable technology refers to smart electronic devices (with microcontrollers) that can be worn on the body as implant or accessories. The designs often incorporate practical functions and features. Wearable equipment is not only about hardware, but also incorporate software support, data and cloud interaction to achieve its function, bringing huge changes to our lives and perceptions. Cute Circuit, a British wearable technology company, has developed the worlds first smart skirt which was made of grapheme. With a built-in sensor, it can respond to the wearers breathing rate to change colours ...
The Greenville County Library in partnership with the Greenville Textile Heritage Society are working on a project titled Weaving Our History that is designed to create a lasting record of the economic and cultural impact of the textile industry in Greenville. The project involves a history harvest, exhibits and events taking place from April - October 2014 and culminating in the annual Textile Heritage Festival on October 4 - 5, 2014. SC Humanities supported this program with a Major Grant in February 2014.. In the 1920s, the textile industry in Greenville was so vigorous that Greenville was known as the Textile Capital of the World. This history had not only a strong economic impact on Greenville but also influenced cultural and social patterns, religion, education, sports, and more.. The Greenville County Library is collecting photos and artifacts that reflect this intricate history through an ongoing History Harvest project. Photos and other materials related to the textile history of ...
The report covers forecast and analysis for the Textile Fibers market on a global and regional level. The study provides historic data of 2015 along with a forecast from 2016 to 2021 based on volume and revenue (USD Million). The study includes drivers and restraints for the market along with the impact they have on the demand over the forecast period. Additionally, the report includes a study of opportunities available in the Textile Fibers market on a global level.. Get a copy of free Sample Report @http://www.syndicatemarketresearch.com/request-for-sample.html?flag=S&repid=87297. In order to give the users of this report a comprehensive view on the Textile Fibers market, we have included a detailed competitive scenario and product portfolio of key vendors. To understand the competitive landscape in the market, an analysis of Porters five forces model for the Textile Fibers market has also been included, strategic development along with patents analysis is included in this report. The study ...
Textile materials with self-cleaning and antimicrobial properties are desirable, given the limited resources required for laundry and the concern for astronauts health, microbial deterioration of materials (e.g., fabrics/surfaces discoloration, unpleasant odors), and interplanetary contamination. It is hypothesized that the use of textiles and garments can be extended to periods of weeks or months by the use of antimicrobial textiles, which prevent or inhibit microbial growth on fabrics.. Advances in textile technology have guided the development of antimicrobial agents consisting of metal (e.g., silver), metal oxides (e.g., copper oxide), and quaternary ammonium compounds. Some of these antimicrobial agents have been utilized in combating bacterial pathogens in a host of commercial products including wound dressings, medical devices, bed linens, paints, etc. Although silver ions is one of the most widely used metal-based, antimicrobial agents in the market, copper oxide impregnated products ...
Duration: 3 semesters (1.5 years). Language of instruction: fully taught in English. Target groups: graduates with a first degree (Bachelor) in textile technology/textile engineering. Start: October or March. Application deadlines: November 30 (for summer intake 2021) / May 31 (winter intake 2021). Sustainability in the textile chemistry industry - what is that about? It is about responsibility, labour rights and legal requirements in the textile industry. It is about environmental protection, about usage and impact of textile chemicals and about renewable materials. It is about transparency in the complex global value chain.. This is exactly where this innovative, English-taught Masters program comes in. During your studies, you acquire the skills needed to create (more) sustainable processes in textile chemistry. You develop solutions for non-hazardous alternative chemicals, optimized production processes and conduct research on innovative finishing processes and materials.. The preconditions ...
Ive started to make muslins out of nice donated fabric I find at the thrift store for $3/3 yards. I used to make my fashion garments without muslins and found myself making a lot of ill fitting mistakes, thereby, ending up with so-so, wonky looking/fitting garments. I still plan on only making muslins if there are fitting issues, or if I am planning on making more garments from the same pattern. I am really happy that to muslin/not to muslin is a personal option and not a mandate of sewing. My end goal is to create something lovely I can wear with pride. Making muslins and couture sewing techniques are two things avoided by most of the students in all but one of my sewing classes. Most people in the classes just cannot be bothered with making muslins or using couture techniques, as they are about seging and getting garments done as quickly as possible. As far as I am concerned, sewing is a personal passion for me and I am open to learning various sewing techniques, alternative ways of resolving ...
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Polymeric Nanofibers, Nanofibrous Layers, Nanofiber Yarns and Nanoparticles Jitka Färberová, Department of Nonwoven Textiles, Nanoscience Centre, Faculty of Textile Engineering, Technical University of Liberec, Czech Republic.The Department of Nonwovens runs courses in production technology, evaluation of nonwovens, and innovative methods in nonwoven textile production and technical textiles. Research activities involve the testing and analysis of the structure of nonwoven textiles.
Textile Stock Selling Leads Directory ☆ Browse 64 Textile Stock selling leads from 5 Textile Stock exporters at EC21 ☆ Source quality Textile Stock Selling Leads - EC21
Textile colorants impart color to a textile material, usually with a high degree of permanency, as a result of their chemical binding or physical entrapment within or around the textile material. The...
Colour Fastness of Textiles , Colour Fastness to Light Colour Fastness The resistance of colour of textiles to fade or bleed against different agencies such as light, wash,water, perspiration, rubbing, acid, alkali,hot pressing, bleaching etc. is called colour fastness. Colour fastness is a term used in the dyeing of textile materials, meaning resistance of the ...
My name is Gretchen Malone and this is a blog that will teach you all about textile mills. I became interested in this type of industrial and manufacturing industry many years ago. The process of harvesting and eventually turning cotton into clothing and other textiles is extremely fascinating to me. Ive completely researched this process and I wanted to share what Ive learned with other people who find it extraordinary. In this blog, youll learn about cultivating and harvesting cotton, preparing and spinning the yarn, weaving and knitting the yarn, and then finally turning it into a useable textile. Youll also learn about the coloring process and how the textiles are dyed different colors. I truly hope you enjoy this blog and learning about textile manufacturing.
In our offer you will find extremely durable polyester mesh with excellent elasticity. Polyester is used by our company in the process of making finished textile products. Combined with a polyurethane foam by flame lamination is an indispensable element of finished textile products used in the manufacture of products such as materials for covers for car seats / materials for seat covers, upholstery materials - designed for manufacturers and users, among others, furniture, seats, vehicle interiors as well as manufacturers and users of public transport vehicles: buses, trams, railways and airplanes. Nets polyester produced by SAGAN textile used in the automotive industry, for manufacturers of cars and trucks, furniture industry and industry kaletniczym apply mainly as strengthening stability laminated textile / textile. As a producer of polyester mesh we make every effort to ensure the material was of the highest quality.. The main features of our polyester mesh - knitted single bearing ...
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Nationwide, just over 75,000 individuals were employed in textile machine operating occupations in 2013, according to the BLS. This occupation includes operators of bleaching and dyeing machines, cutting machines, knitting and weaving machines, and winding and twisting machines. Of these 75,000 employees, 23% were employed in Georgia and 20% were employed in North Carolina. South Carolina has another 10% of these employees, meaning that half of the nations textile machine operators are employed in one of these three Southern states.. Although North Carolina may have a disproportionately large share of the nations textile machine operators, they comprise a small portion of North Carolinas labor force. Fewer than 15,000 North Carolina jobs were as textile machine operators in 2013, representing less than two-fifths of one percent (0.37%) of all jobs.. Statewide, employment in textile machine operating occupations has seen marked declines since its peak in the mid-to-late twentieth century. In ...
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Transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation is routinely used in physical rehabilitation and more recently in brain-computer interface applications for restoring movement in paralyzed limbs. Due to variable muscle responses to repeated or sustained stimulation, grasp force levels can change significantly over time. Here we develop and assess closed-loop methods to regulate individual finger forces to facilitate functional movement. We combined this approach with custom textile-based electrodes to form a light-weight, wearable device and evaluated in paralyzed study participants. A textile-based electrode sleeve was developed by the study team and Myant, Corp. (Toronto, ON, Canada) and evaluated in a study involving three able-body participants and two participants with quadriplegia. A feedforward-feedback control structure was designed and implemented to accurately maintain finger force levels in a quadriplegic study participant. Individual finger flexion and extension movements, along with
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The Taiwan textile industry is the acknowledged world leader in research, development and manufacturing of fabric and garment accessories. The highly successful Taiwan Textile Fairs brings together leading suppliers of textiles and related products from Taiwan, one of the worlds largest apparel textiles exporting countries to Sri Lanka, at the Taiwan Textiles Fairs in South Asia 2014.. The fairs will showcase innovative and high performance functional textiles for apparel, bags, shoes, rainwear, etc. to Sri Lankan manufacturers. The fair will be held on 24 and 25 November at the Grand Crystal Ballroom of the Taj Samudra Hotel.. The Taiwan Textile Fairs in South Asia 2014 is an excellent opportunity for Sri Lankan apparel manufacturers, exporters, brand-owners, buying houses, buying agents, big retailers, importers, etc. to interact with manufacturers from Taiwan to source superior fabrics and textile auxiliaries that will add more value to their product range. The fairs will also introduce Sri ...
Future Market Insights recently published a market study on the global Reactive Softeners (Textile Industry) Market using the latest market research methodologies and analytical tools. The presented report discusses the various factors that are expected to impact the growth of the Reactive Softeners (Textile Industry) Market in different geographies over the forecast period, 2017 - 2027. The analysts track the latest trends, developments, and innovations in the Reactive Softeners (Textile Industry) Market space to provide readers a fair understanding of the current market scenario.. According to the report, the Reactive Softeners (Textile Industry) Market is expected to reach a value of ~US$XX by 2019 and register a CAGR growth of ~XX% during the forecast period 2017 - 2027. The growth of the Reactive Softeners (Textile Industry) Market primarily relies on the growing demand from the end-use industries, surging investments in R&D projects, and penetration of advanced technology in the past few ...
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Published by EH.NET (June 1999) Timothy Minchin, Hiring the Black Worker: The Racial Integration of the Southern Textile Industry, 1960-1980. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1999. xii + 342 pp. $49.95 (hardback), ISBN: 0-8078-2470-4; $19.95 (paperback), ISBN 0-8078-4771-2 Reviewed by Thomas Lyons, American Bar Foundation. African Americans were excluded from employment in the Southern textile industry for most of this century. Before 1965, they made up little more than two percent of its employees. At first glance this fact is unsurprising since economic life throughout the South was strictly segregated, with blacks occupying poorly paid laborer jobs whenever they worked in the same industries with whites. But from an economic point of view the exclusion of African Americans from textiles is surprising indeed. The textile industry was the largest manufacturing industry in the South and one of the most competitive. Most production jobs in the mills required little skill. ...
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Objective. According to the Department of Statistics at the beginning of 2003, 551 textile industry and garment enterprises operated in Lithuania. The purpose of the study was to evaluate morbidity among workers in textile industry enterprises in Kaunas and analyze the data obtained in relation to sex, age, profession, and occupational health hazards. Material and methods. A sick-leave-based case-control study was conducted in the units of four textile enterprises where 1842 workers were employed. Data were categorized in relation to sex, profession, and kind of sickness. Age was grouped in the following way: under 29 years, 30-39 years, 40-49 years, and over 50 years. Results. In the period of survey, 1482 cases of sick leave were reported in the enterprises where 1842 workers were employed. The main cause of absence because of sickness was respiratory diseases - 37.3% (30.27 cases per 100 workers), nursing took the second place -17.0% (13.76 cases per 100 workers). Accidents and injuries made up 9.3%
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The Philadelphia Museum of Art, foundedin 1876, is one of the oldest and largest museums in the United States, with an encyclopedic collection of 225,000 objects. The Costume and Textiles Department operates as part of this multi-faceted institution, with a collection that comprises nearly 30,000 objects, about evenly divided between costume and textiles. This article explores the Museums history and current practices of collecting and exhibiting textiles, historic costume, and contemporary fashion. In the main building, occasional major presentations in the Special Exhibition Galleries highlight aspects of the departments collection; objects are also rotated in a small gallery in the European Wing and featured in the context of other galleries. In 2007,the department moved into the Hamilton Center for Costume and Textiles in the Museums Perelman Building, affording many new opportunities. Two galleries in this building are devoted to costume and textiles, and the facilities ...
There is a constant threat to the environment in terms of the pollution which is enhancing day by day. The impact of the pollution in the atmosphere, lithosphere and hydrosphere cannot be ignored. A lot of man made activities such as domestic, industrial, agriculture, shipping, radio-active, aquaculture waste activities are developing the negative impact on the water body by enhancing the contaminants present in the water. Textile industries are one of the type which are being counted as the top polluting industry. There are a number of harmful dyes which are present in the effluents from the textile industries and should not be discharged directly to the water body. These effluents are required to be treated for the removal of all the harmful dyes available in it before discharging it to the outer water body.. There are a number of processes available for the removal of textile dyes from the effluents such as such as trickling filtration, activated sludge process, oxidation ditch, oxidation ...
In the brief span of thirty-five years, the synthetic industry is the one in the textile field that has shown the greatest expansion; one which has produced the most significant new developments, and one which has risen to a dominant position in the textile world -outweighing all other textile fibers used in America put together, except for cotton. It is hard for me to imagine our everyday life without synthetics for they are literally woven into every phase of it from all types of apparel and household products to automotive upholstery and tires. First, a few figures, which to me portray the rapid growth of the synthetics industry in this country: This past year marked a significant milestone in the synthetic yarn industry, for production reached one billion pounds - which is a lot of fiber. Production in 1928 was 100,000,000 pounds; in 1936 the figure was 300,000,000 pounds, and in 1942 it hit 700,000,000 pounds. Now the United States output has passed the billion mark, and is continuing to ...
Abstract:. Introduction: The Indian textile industry is one of the largest in the world and accounts for 21% of the total employment generated in the Indian economy. The current burden of occupational health diseases is estimated to be around 18 million cases.. Objectives: To study the pattern of diseases which are common among textile workers.. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted among 179 women working in a textile industry in Puducherry. After obtaining informed consent, data was collected using a structured questionnaire. This was followed by systemic examination of Sensory systems (visual acuity testing using Snellens chart, hearing tests using Tuning fork), Respiratory system (using Peak Expiratory Flow Meter) and Musculoskeletal system (Straight leg raising test and others). Data was analyzed using SPSS version 19:IBM.. Results: 70% of the participants belonged to the age group 21-40 years and more than half of the women were employed for 5-9 yrs. One fourth of the subjects had ...
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This is a professional and depth research report on Global Sustainable Textiles industry. For overview analysis, the report introduces Sustainable Textiles basic information including definition, classification, application, industry chain structure, industry overview, policy analysis, and news analysis, etc.. For international and China market analysis, the report analyzes sustainable textiles market in China and other countries or regions (such as US, Europe, Japan, etc) by presenting research on global products of different types and applications developments and trends of market, technology, and competitive landscape, and leading suppliers and countries capacity, production, cost, price, profit, production value, and gross margin. For leading suppliers, related information is listed as products, customers, application, capacity, market position, and company contact information, etc. 2014-2020 forecast on capacity, production, cost, price, profit, production value, and gross margin for these ...
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Cotton fibre is mainly composed of cellulose, although non-cellulosic polysaccharides play key roles during fibre development and are still present in the harvested fibre. This study aimed at determining the fate of non-cellulosic polysaccharides during cotton textile processing. We analyzed non-cellulosic cotton fibre polysaccharides during different steps of cotton textile processing using GC-MS, HPLC and comprehensive microarray polymer profiling to obtain monosaccharide and polysaccharide amounts and linkage compositions. Additionally, in situ detection was used to obtain information on polysaccharide localization and accessibility. We show that pectic and hemicellulosic polysaccharide levels decrease during cotton textile processing and that some processing steps have more impact than others. Pectins and arabinose-containing polysaccharides are strongly impacted by the chemical treatments, with most being removed during bleaching and scouring. However, some forms of pectin are more ...
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Article Wastewater Treatment Plants for the Textile Industry. The textile industry demands a significant amount of water , especially in the dyeing process, giving as result a complex wastewater that requires particular attention. Panta Rei has built...
The Augsburg textile and industry museum, known by its acronym tim, is a museum in Augsburg a city in the south-west of Bavaria, Germany. It is situated in the Augsburger Kammgarnspinnerei, a former worsted spinning mill. The museum is an Anchor point on the European Route of Industrial Heritage. Augsburg had a thriving textile industry in the nineteenth century. The Augsburg Worsted Spinning Mill (Augsburger Kammgarnspinnerei - AKS) was founded in 1836 by Friedrich Merz. It was the first major industrial company in the city: it employed up to 2000 workers. It was the largest worsted spinning mill in the Federal Republic of Germany. It closed in 2004. The mill was restored by Klaus Kada from Graz in Austria. It opened as a museum in 2010. Former textile workers had realised that the industry was disappearing and formed an association to rescue redundant equipment the museum displays this collection. It covers the complete production cycle: from raw materials to designer fashions. A central piece ...
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During parachute deployments, nylon canopy cloth and nylon suspension lines are dragged across other nylon materials at high speeds which result in frictional heat damage. Cotton is used as a buffer material in sleeves, suspension stow line loops, deployment bags and as barrier fabrics between nylon webbings. Yet, cotton yarn production and textile manufacturing in the US is decreasing due to the shift in textile manufacturing to Asia. The ability to purchase high strength cotton in the US, thereby maintaining Barry Amendment compliance, is becoming more difficult. There is a critical need in the Army to develop a material that can perform like cotton as energy-absorbing buffer materials in parachutes. Luna Innovations is addressing the need to reduce or eliminate cotton as parachute buffer materials through the use of low friction, thermally conductive textile coatings on nylon. The novel coating will reduce the frictional heating of nylon on nylon upon deployment ...
Cereals, Pulses and Oil Seeds (maize, beans, rice, chicpeas and sesame seeds, sunflower, soybeans, n, Cereals, Pulses and Oil Seeds (maize, beans, rice, chicpeas and sesame seeds, sunflower, soybeans, n, Cereals, Pulses and Oil Seeds (maize, beans, rice, chicpeas and sesame seeds, sunflower, soybeans, n, Coffee, Commercial Handicrafts Sector (basketry, mats, ceramics, beads, pottery, hand textiles and woven pro, Commercial Handicrafts Sector (basketry, mats, ceramics, beads, pottery, hand textiles and woven pro, Cotton, Textile and Garment, Cotton, Textile and Garment, Cotton, Textile and Garment, Dairy Products, Education and Training Services, Fisheries, Floriculture, Fruits and Vegetables, Manufacturing Sector (sugar, beer, soft drinks, cigarettes, textiles, cement, laundry soap, edibile , Manufacturing Sector (sugar, beer, soft drinks, cigarettes, textiles, cement, laundry soap, edibile , Manufacturing Sector (sugar, beer, soft drinks, cigarettes, textiles, cement, laundry soap, edibile , ...
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Page 2: World Textile Printing Industry: This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Textile Printing in US$ Million by the following Technology Type: Digital Printing, and Screen Printing. The Global market is also analysed by the following Fabric Type: Apparel, Interior/Furnishings, and Industrial/Technical Textiles. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Rest of World. Annual estimates and …
With the more and more very important requirement for fabric brands to minimize pollutants in cloth construction, using enzymes within the chemical processing of fibres and textiles is speedily gaining wider attractiveness due to their non-toxic and green features. they are often accurately utilized in a big variety of cloth methods resembling de-sizing, scouring, bleaching, dyeing and completing, the place the choices are very harsh chemical compounds whose disposal into the surroundings factors many problems.. Textile processing with enzymes goals to supply the cloth technologist with an knowing of enzymes and their use with fabric fabrics and in procedure engineering. It covers all of the proper points of fabric processing with enzymes, from the chemical structure and houses of cloth fabrics as capability substrates for enzymes, to the processing of those fabrics; from uncomplicated biochemistry and enzymology to the economic software of those biocatalysts.. The introductory bankruptcy ...
Where are the organized women workers? Alice Kessler-Harris asked in 1975.1 Her question unleashed an unabating torrent of provocative studies of proletarian women in a number of countries, particularly in the United States and Europe.2 This deluge of solid research notwithstanding, activist women, to paraphrase Anne Firor Scott, continue to be seen and not seen.3 Pre-World War II Japanese women textile workers suffer the. same,...if not indeed a more pervasive, invisibility. When they are not generally overlooked, they are pitied as passive victims incapable of acting on their own initiative. When instances of activism are so obvious they cannot be ignored (as when silk reelers carried out a major strike in 1885), they are dismissed as unique, aberrant events. Womens failure to become the backbone of an enduring union movement confirms the conventional view of them as passive. Their gender, it is argued-or, as one scholar suggests, their youth4-made them hard to organize. Further research on womens
Labour problems in the textile industry in developing countries by International Labour Organisation. Textiles Committee. Session; 1 edition; First published in 1968
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AYED, Lamia; ACHOUR, Sami y BAKHROUF, Amina. Application of the mixture design to decolourise effluent textile wastewater using continuous stirred bed reactor. Water SA [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.1, pp.21-26. ISSN 1816-7950.. Important pollutants in textile effluents are mainly recalcitrant organics, colours, toxicants and inhibitory compounds, surfactants, chlorinated compounds (AOX), pH and salts. An aerobic system using a continuous stirred bed reactor (SBR) was continuously operated at constant temperature and fed with textile wastewater (pH 7 and total chemical oxygen demand (COD) 1 700 mg/ℓ).This report is focused on the decolourisation treatment of effluent by a bacterial consortium (Sphingomonas paucimobilis, Bacillus sp. and filamentous bacteria). The influence of the different mixtures of 3 strains on the decolourisation of effluent (cell density fixed at OD600 = 1) was studied using an equilateral triangle diagram and mixture experimental design to assess colour and COD removal ...
There are two related discussions to textiles on Day 3. Panel Discussion on Day 3: - The Queen Sirikit Museum of Textiles: Establishing a Preservation and Conservation Framework. - Lao textile heritage: preserving a collection to promote weaving culture The Conservation of Material Culture in Tropical Climates: 3rd APTCCARN Meeting (Asia Pacific Twentieth Century Conservation Art Network) is a targeted forum for the dissemination and discussion of regionally relevant preservation solutions for Southeast Asias vast cultural record. Co-organised by the Centre for Cultural Materials Conservation (University of Melbourne, Australia) and Silpakorn University in Thailand under the APTCCARN (Asia Pacific Twentieth Century Conservation Art Network), the program brings international experts engaged with the conservation of material culture in hot, humid climates to this event in Thailand. The program aims to disseminate recent findings coordinated under the larger strategic agenda of APTCCARN ...
FTC Seeks Public Input on Proposed Changes to Textile Labeling RulesThe Federal Trade Commission is proposing changes to its Textile Labeling Rules, which require that certain textiles sold in the United States carry labels disclosing the generic names and percentages by weight of the fibers in the product, the manufacturer or marketer name, and the country where the product
This handbook gives direct comparison of general purpose fillers (micron-size fillers) and nanofillers.Over 3,000 research papers, mostly published from 1994 to 2009 (over 1500 new papers in this edition), technical data from over 160 filler and equipment manufacturing companies, and patent literature were reviewed for this comprehensive handbook.
Toxic and hazardous chemicals are manufactured in nearly every country in the world. They are a critical part of the global economy and also one of the greatest threats to our safety and security. Sittigs Handbook has proven itself, year after year, to be one of the most important major references anyone dealing with these substances can have at their disposal. This 5th Edition will prove that it is, once again, the lone comprehensive work available.
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The association between lung cancer and occupational exposure in the textile industry was investigated in a population-based case-referent study conducted in the Prato area of the province of Florence Italy where there is a concentration of textile factories. A complete response to a postal questionnaire was obtained for 207 cases 85.1% and 440...
The incidence of respiratory symptoms among workers occupationally exposed to cotton dust was studied. The cohort consisted of 973 female employees employed in cotton textile mills in China who responded to a survey about respiratory symptoms and occupational exposures. The highest dust exposure was reported by workers in production. A correlation was seen between the symptoms of cough, phlegm, sh
China is a major textile manufacturer in the world; as a result, large quantities of dyeing effluents are generated every year in the country. Textile dyeing effluents are distinguished by high levels of chrominance, chemical oxygen demand, and salinity.