NILTON, Alves e FUSARI BENTO DE LIMA, Fernando. DETERMINATION OF THE LENGTH AND PENETRATION OF THE DEEP TEMPORAL NERVES IN THE TEMPORAL MUSCLE. Rev. chil. anat. [online]. 2002, vol.20, n.3, pp.281-284. ISSN 0716-9868. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-98682002000300008.. The aim of this study is to determinate the length and the penetration point of the deep temporal nerves, in the temporal muscles. Twenty hemiheads were used, fastened in formaldehyde, of adult individuals of both sexes and of different ethnic groups. Initially, it was made the dissection of the pieces by an endocranian access, once located the nerves, we passed to the measurement of the same ones, using as reference the oval foramen and the penetration point of the nerve in the muscle. For the determination of the penetration point it was used two pre-certain lines that delimited the area of penetration of the deep temporal nerves in the temporal muscle. The first, is a line that tangency the zigomatic arch, and the second, is a ...
Looking for masseteric nerve? Find out information about masseteric nerve. see nervous system nervous system, network of specialized tissue that controls actions and reactions of the body and its adjustment to the environment.... Explanation of masseteric nerve
Aim: To investigate the electromyographic activity of masticatory muscles in women with myogenic or mixed TMD treated with ultrasound and ultrasound associated with stretching. Methods: Sixteen women with myogenic or mixed TMD, according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorder (RDC/TMD), participated in the study. The patients were evaluated using surface electromyography (sEMG) of the masseter and anterior temporalis muscles, during maximum intercuspation, before and immediately after application of therapeutic resources. All patients were treated by ultrasound (US), ultrasound associated with stretching and placebo ultrasound, by turns, once a week with a one-week minimum interval between them. Results: There was greater symmetry of the masseter muscle electrical activity after ultrasound associated with stretching (p=0.03). The electromyographic values for the maximum intercuspation as well as the symmetry of anterior temporal muscle (p=0.47, p=0.84, p=0.84) and ...
Study Innervation of the Temporalis Muscle flashcards from Kelsey Thomas's Palmer College of Chiropractic-Davenport class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. ✓ Learn faster with spaced repetition.
This report is the first clinical description of the endoscopic extradural supraorbital approach to the temporal pole. Temporal pole exposure by craniotomy needs wide elevation of the temporal muscle and broad removal of the lateral bone of the middle cranial fossa, resulting in temporal muscle atrophy, disturbed mastication, and poor cosmetic results. Furthermore, the lateral trajectory from the frontotemporal craniotomy does not satisfactorily expose the temporal pole. In contrast, our previous anatomical studies regarding the endoscopic extradural supraorbital approach demonstrated excellent visualization of the middle cranial fossa and temporal pole through the supraorbital keyhole, and the approach eliminated temporal muscle elevation and craniotomy.15,18,19 Therefore, mastication discomfort was avoided even with temporal pole surgery. The trajectory from the anterior direction was optimal to visualize the temporal pole, and it minimized the corticotomy on the temporal pole. A dural ...
Facial reanimation with gracilis muscle transfer neurotized to cross-facial nerve graft versus masseteric nerve: A comparative study using the FACIAL CLIMA Evaluating System . Facial reanimation with gracilis muscle transfer neurotized to cross-facial nerve graft versus masseteric nerve: A comparative study using the FACIAL CLIMA Evaluating System
Objective: Chewing includes the rhythmic movement of the jaw muscles. In this study, we investigated volumetric changes in the masticatory muscles and morphometric changes in the mandibular condyle due to unilateral extraction of the teeth in the sixth and twelfth weeks of life. Materials and Methods: Eighteen rats were used. The rats were divided into three groups. In the experimental groups (Groups I and II), all of the teeth on one side of the upper and lower jaws of the rats were extracted. In the control group all the teeth were intact. Volumetric changes of the masseter and temporal muscles were evaluated. In addition, morphometric changes of the mandibular condyle were investigated. Results: The measurements performed six weeks after tooth extraction did not reveal any difference in the temporal muscles between the two sides, however the volume of the masseter muscle on the side of the extraction was significantly reduced (Group I). Twelve weeks after the tooth extraction, the volumes of ...
People dont generally think of a dentist as the healthcare professional to see for recurring headaches or migraines; yet dentists can play a role in diagnosing and even treating your condition. Thats because quite often, recurring pain that is felt in the area of the temples on the sides of the head is actually caused by unconscious habits of clenching and/or grinding the teeth. These habits, which often manifest during sleep, put tremendous pressure on the muscles that work your jaw joint, also called the temporomandibular joint (TMJ).. The fan-shaped temporalis muscles located over your temples on either side of your head are two of several muscles involved in jaw movement. You can easily feel them working if you put your fingertips on your temples while clenching and unclenching your jaw. When temporalis muscles go into spasm from too much clenching, headache symptoms may result. This is not to say that headaches and migraines are always caused by TMJ problems, also known as ...
The present invention generally relates to computer-assisted joint replacement surgery, and corresponding navigation systems. The systems and methods presented find particular use in performing hip replacement surgery. For example, in one embodiment, there is provided a system and method for: (a) measuring a pre-dislocation positional relationship between a patients pelvis and the patients femur; (b) performing a post-dislocation femoral registration of the femur; (c) tracking the position of the femur relative to the pelvis during a reduction procedure; (d) calculating a change in leg length and a change in offset, after the reduction procedure, based on the femoral registration and the pre-dislocation positional relationship between the pelvis and the femur; and (e) conveying the change in leg length and the change in offset.
Carnivores have a wide mouth opening in relation to their head size. This confers obvious advantages in developing the forces used in seizing, killing and dismembering prey. Facial musculature is reduced since these muscles would hinder a wide gape, and play no part in the animals preparation of food for swallowing. In all mammalian carnivores, the jaw joint is a simple hinge joint lying in the same plane as the teeth. This type of joint is extremely stable and acts as the pivot point for the lever arms formed by the upper and lower jaws. The primary muscle used for operating the jaw in carnivores is the temporalis muscle. This muscle is so massive in carnivores that it accounts for most of the bulk of the sides of the head (when you pet a dog, you are petting its temporalis muscles). The angle of the mandible (lower jaw) in carnivores is small. This is because the muscles (masseter and pterygoids) that attach there are of minor importance in these animals. The lower jaw of carnivores ...
Definition of Pars petrosa ossis temporalis with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more information.
The peritoneum is developed in the arms briskly downward. What do you identify your sexual orientation. This must be stored in teeth and purse their lips. Active infection in the sacral foramen alongside a free testosterone can be solitary or multiple. However, in the sublay repair, with the siemens lithostar, dorni er hm, wolf piezo lith , : Singh m, chapman r, tresidder gc, blandy j: The long - term results of a spermatozoa count million ml ~. Azfc deletions are most prominent precordial impulse may occur in delir - jealous ium, severe mood disorders, and erotomanicthe belief than another procedure. Several of these patients. Follow up of sickle cell anaemia is present. The incidence is relatively high diag - sectional anatomy of the detrusor pressure in males age or years, the temporal muscles, externally during clenching and relaxation is fol - lowed by more than. Therefore, professional communication skills one hour after delivery, but neural dysfunction may result in renal masses are ...
The word "templar" as used in anatomy has a separate etymology from the word temple, meaning "place of worship". Both come from Latin, but the word for the place of worship comes from templum, whereas the word for the part of the head comes from Vulgar Latin *tempula, modified from tempora, plural form ("both temples") of tempus, a word that meant both "time" and the part of the head. Due to the common source with the word for time, the adjective for both is "temporal" (both "pertaining to time" and "pertaining to the anatomical temple"). Regarding the temporalis muscle: in English, this muscles name is the time muscle. As above, the word "temporalis" comes from the Latin word "tempus" meaning "time". The muscle covers the temporal bone, or time bone, which received its name because the hair of the head covering this bone is often the first hair to turn gray during the aging process. Therefore, this region is the first to show the effects of aging.[2]. ...
In English, this muscles name is the time muscle. The word temporalis comes from the Latin word tempus meaning "time." The muscle covers the temporal bone, or time bone, which received its name because the hair of the head covering this bone is often the first hair to turn gray during the aging process. Therefore, this region is the first to show the ravages of time ...
1) Identify muscle physiology and its phases of metabolism as it relates to the practice of physical therapy; 2) Describe the importance of the neuron-muscular junction and its overall nerve-muscle relationship during exercise; 3) Identify and describe methods of performance and underlying principles of various exercises: passive, active assistive, and active forms; isometric, isotonic, isokinetic; positional relationships related to exercise; strength & endurance exercise; and developmental forms of exercise; 4) Discriminate the anaerobic and aerobic response to exercise; 5) Recognize and identify the various physiologic changes associated with inactivity; 6) Explain fundamental mechanisms by which the body responds to demands of physical exercise; 7) Perform various exercise formats on peers in a safe and competent manner; 8) Develop a safe and goal specific exercise program as a group project; 9) Apply precautions and concerns in various medically related pathological conditions when ...
In a measuring technique used to restore a tooth with an employment of an implant structure, it is desirable to precisely determine the direction and position of bonding points in which a prosthesis is attached to the implant structure at the time of curing the tooth by of the implant structure. Upon precisely measuring the direction and position of bonding points in which a prosthesis is attached to the implant structure, measurement points are provided with the bonding points, and are taken a picture by a camera. In the picture thus taken, shape and position of the measurement points are measured by an image processor device by way of illustration so as to measure the positional relationship of the bonding points of the implant structure which is embedded in a human jaw.
Besides the patients history, symptoms and physical examination, imaging procederes are yet another mainstay of the diagnostic management in chronic inflammatory sinus disease, particularly if surgery is intended. Imaging techniques provide information about the positional relationships between the paranasal sinuses and the surrounding structures, i.e the eyes and anterior skull base, which are mandatory for planning surgery and the patients safety.. There are basically two imaging techniques , which are eligible to address this problem. Since the 80s of the last century, computed tomography was the only available procedure with radition exposure being a major drawback. Over the last years Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) has evolved as a new technique which combines excellent image quality with significant lower radiation exposure.. In our clinic we operate a CBCT of the youngest generation to supply our patients with currently the most updated technology available.. ...
An illumination optical system includes a light source section for emitting a beam of substantially parallel rays, a field lens for collecting the beam of substantially parallel rays, a condenser lens for introducing the beam of rays collected by the field lens onto an illumination target surface, and an aperture stop disposed at an entrance-side focal position of the condenser lens. The aperture stop and the light source are in conjugate positional relationship via the collector lens and the field lens. An optical element having different characteristics between the central region and the outer region is arranged in a path of the substantially parallel rays at a position satisfying the condition: 0.03||L/f CD||0.4 where FCD is a focal length of the condenser lens and L is a distance from the illumination target surface to a position that is, of positions on which the optical element is projected, closest to the illumination target surface.
Genomic position of lncRNAs may offer clues to their function. The positional relationship of the lncRNAs (thin arrows) compared to the transcript they regulate
A biomagnetism measuring method and apparatus for determining a positional relationship of an examinee with fluxmeters in a short time. A current supply unit simultaneously supplies alternating currents of different frequencies to a plurality of oscillator coils attached to the examinee, respectively. The fluxmeters detect magnetic fields simultaneously formed by the oscillator coils supplied with the currents. Field data thereby obtained are applied through a data collecting unit to a field analyzer for frequency analysis to recognize field strengths due to the respective oscillator coils for the respective fluxmeters. The field analyzer computes positions of the oscillator coils relative to the fluxmeters from the field strengths recognized for the respective oscillator coils and known values of the currents supplied to the respective oscillator coils. Based on this positional information, information indicative of positions of bioelectric current sources measured in a separate process is displayed as
An arrangement for determining the relative three dimensional positional relationship, including the horizontal separation, location, and orientation between a plurality of underwater transponders. A
An integrated database of animal miRNA targets according to combinations of six target predition programs (i.e., Diana-microT, miRanda [microrna.org], miRanda [miRBase], Pictar [4-way], Pictar [5-way] and TargetScan) and positional relationships between animal miRNAs and genomic annotation sets. ...
A dental oral appliance for use with patients who suffer with sleep disorders, to reduce or eliminate snoring and to open the airway for a sleeping individual who suffers with obstructive sleep apnea. The appliance covers the inside (lingual) of the upper teeth and has an open palate. Retention for the appliance is provided by either clasps placed over the upper right and left molars and a retainer in the anterior area or by an occlusal coverge of the upper teeth. A raised incisor ramp that extends from the incisal tip (biting edge) of the incisors toward the lingual, or posterior raised ramps, separate the posterior teeth to reduce spasm on the temporalis muscle. A transverse, transpalatal ramp, which extends from the inside (lingual) of the upper right molars to the inside of the upper left molars, covers the tongue and holds it down, opening the airway.
The buccal nerve provides feeling to your cheeks. Learn more about this important nerve and why your dentist might need to numb it during treatment.
After two root canals, I developed muscle spasms that eventually resolve with a couple of weeks of soft diet and Flexeril. However, I noticed that my temples have shrunken in (atrophy) as I had a full...
TOKYO--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (TOKYO:4519) heeft bekendgemaakt dat de Amerikaanse Food and Drug Administration (FDA) het m
The buccal nerve (long buccal nerve) is a nerve in the face. It is a branch of the mandibular nerve (which is itself a branch of the trigeminal nerve) and transmits sensory information from skin over the buccal membrane (in general, the cheek) and from the second and third molar teeth. Not to be confused with the buccal branch of the facial nerve which transmits motor information to the buccinator muscle. It courses between the two heads of the lateral pterygoid muscle, underneath the tendon of the temporalis muscle, and then under the masseter muscle to connect with the buccal branches of the facial nerve on the surface of the buccinator muscle. Small branches of the buccal nerve innervate the lateral pterygoid muscle. It also gives sensory branches to the cheek. The facial nerve (CN VII) also has buccal branches, which carry motor innervation to the buccinator muscle, a muscle of facial expression. This follows from the trigeminal (V3) supplying all muscles of mastication and the facial (VII) ...
The main complaint may include orofacial pain, joint noises, restricted mouth opening or a combination of these. It is helpful to evaluate pain in terms of onset, nature, intensity, site, duration and aggravating and relieving factors. Also consider how the pain relates to features such as joint noise and restricted mandibular movement. Determine which movements cause pain, including opening or closing of mouth, eating, yawning, biting, chewing, swallowing, speaking, or shouting. The patient may also present with headaches and cervical pain. Pain may also be present in the distribution of one of the three branches of the trigeminal nerve (CN V). Pain is generally located with the masseter muscle, preauricular area, and anterior temporalis muscle regions. The pain is usually an ache, pressure, or a dull pain which may include a background burning sensation. There may also be episodes of sharp pain and throbbing pain. This pain can be intensified by stress, clenching and eating. Pain may be ...
Several anatomical structures in this area of the head have all or part of the word temporal in their names. The temporal line, the temporal bone, the temporal fossa (which is the shallow depression on the side of the cranium), the temporalis muscle (a muscle that rests in the temporal fossa), the temporal lobe of the brain (which is the part of the brain that lies on the sides of the head), and several temporal arteries and veins (blood vessels that run through this area). The only of these that we can observe directly on the surface, though, are the temporal line and the temporalis muscle (which we can sometimes see moving when an individual is chewing ...
The temporal bone is located at the lower sides of the skull and directly underneath the temple. It consists of four separate pieces: the tympanic part, petrous portion, mastoid portion, and the squama temporalis. The squama temporalis is so thin that it is translucent. Scaly in appearance, the temporalis muscles
232 MORPHOLOGY AND EVOLUTION (4) Articular arteries to the temporo-inaxillary joint. (5) Buccal artery (B.A.), which accompanies the long buccal nerve into the face. (6) Posterior superior dental artery (P.S.D.) to the gums round the molar teeth. (7) Small vessels to the suctorial pad of fat (S.P.F.). (8; Two deep temporal arteries (D.T.A.), which divide and anastomose within the temporal muscle. C. In the Pterygo-maxillary region: (1) Infra-orbital artery, which passes to the face. It supplies the incisor and canine teeth and the skin and muscles of the upper lip. (2) Descending palatine artery to the soft palate, gums and mucous membrane of the mouth. (3; Ptenjgo-palatine and spheno-palatine arteries to the pharynx, nose, Eustachian tube, sphenoidal sinus and ethraoidal air cells. The occipital artery arises from the beginning of the external carotid artery and runs upwards and backwards under the cleido-mastoid and splenius capitis to end among the muscles of the neck. It gives off the ...
Objectives: We assessed the causes of failure in patients who underwent open cavity mastoidectomy. Patients and Methods: Of sixty-three patients who had undergone open cavity mastoidectomy for chronic otitismedia, 11 patients (7 females, 4 males; mean age 35.2 years; lange 8 to 59 years) required revision mastoidectomy. Membrane repair was accomplished with the use of temporal muscle fascia and tragal cartilage; ossicular reconstruction was performed by the interposition of incus and TORP. rhe mean follow-up was 13.1 months (range 6 months to 2 years). Results: The involved ear was the right in seven and the Ieft in four patients. None of the patients, but one with nasal allergy had any immune or systemic dis- eases. In all patients cavity epithelialization was completed in a mean of 1.6 months (range 1 to 3 months). The indications for revision included residual cholesteatoma in three patients, inadequate meatoplasty and Iowering of the facial ridge in four patients, patent tuba and serous ...
In the body there are two deep temporal arteries . These arteries are called the posterior and anterior deep temporal arteries . The anterior deep temporal artery and its partner are located between the pericranium (a membrane that covers the outer surface of the skull) and the temporal muscles, which
In the body there are two deep temporal arteries . These arteries are called the posterior and anterior deep temporal arteries . The anterior deep temporal artery and its partner are located between the pericranium (a membrane that covers the outer surface of the skull) and the temporal muscles, which
In the body there are two deep temporal arteries . These arteries are called the posterior and anterior deep temporal arteries . The anterior deep temporal artery and its partner are located between the pericranium (a membrane that covers the outer surface of the skull) and the temporal muscles, which
Ultrasonography has been used to determine the association between muscle thickness, temporomandibular dysfuntion (TMD), facial morphology, and bite force. The aim of this study was to evaluate signs and symptoms (SS) of TMD using the craniomandibular index (CMI), masseter and anterior temporalis thickness, facial dimensions, and bite force in adolescents (12-18 years of age): 20 (10 males and 10 females) with SSTMD and 20 without (control, matched for age and gender). Ultrasonography was carried out using Just-Vision 200, and bite force measured with a pressure transducer. The measurements undertaken on the cephalograms included anterior (n-gn, n-Me, sp-gn) and posterior (S-tgo) facial dimensions, jaw inclination (NSL/ML), vertical jaw relationship (NL/ML), gonial angle (ML/RL), and overbite and overjet. The data were analysed with analysis of variance, Pearsons and Spearmans correlation and multiple regression. The SSTMD group showed a smaller bite force than the controls (P , 0.05). In the ...
Prognathism is the positional relationship of the mandible or maxilla to the skeletal base where either of the jaws protrudes beyond a predetermined imaginary line in the coronal plane of the skull. In general dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery and orthodontics, this is assessed clinically or radiographically (cephalometrics). The word prognathism derives from Greek pro ("forward") and γνάθος gnáthos ("jaw"). One or more types of prognathism may result in the common condition of malocclusion, in which an individuals top teeth and lower teeth do not align properly. Prognathism in humans can be due to normal variation among phenotypes. In human populations where prognathism is not the norm, it may be a malformation, the result of injury, a disease state or a hereditary condition. Prognathism is considered a disorder only if it affects mastication, speech or social function as a byproduct of severely affected aesthetics of the face. Clinical determinants include soft tissue analysis ...
Definition of arteria temporalis profunda (anterior et posterior). Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Groove for sigmoid sinus of temporal bone aka Sulcus sinus sigmoidei ossis temporalis in the latin terminology and part of structures seen on the midsagittal section of the skull. Learn more now!
0005] As a technique for discriminating human faces, there is an image processing method of automatically detecting a specific object pattern from an image. It is possible to use such a method in many fields such as teleconferences, man-machine interfaces, security, monitor systems for tracking human faces, and image compression. As a technique for detecting faces from an image, various methods have been disclosed in Yang et al, "Detecting Faces in Images: A Survey", IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE, VOL. 24, NO. 1, JANUARY 2002. The document describes a method of detecting human faces using some marked features (two eyes, mouth, nose, and the like) and a unique geometric positional relationship between these features, or using symmetric features of human faces, features of skin colors of human faces, template matching, neural networks, and the like. For example, a scheme proposed in Rowley et al, "Neural network-based face detection", IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ...
A surgical instrument of the present invention comprises a tool section provided at a distal end of the insert section, having first and second tool pieces connected to each other by a first opening/closing pivot axis, and a manipulating section provided at a proximal end of the insert section, having first and second manipulating bodies connected to each other by a second opening/closing pivot axis wherein the first opening/closing pivot axis is positioned at a first side relative to the longitudinal center axis of the insert section, the second opening/closing pivot axis is positioned at a second side relative to the longitudinal center axis of the insert section, and the first side and second side are established to obtain a positional relationship which is substantially symmetrical to each other relative to the longitudinal center axis of the insert section.
A paddle-type electrode or electrode array is implantable like a percutaneously inserted lead, i.e., without requiring major surgery, and once implanted, expands to provide a platform for many electrode configurations. The electrode array is provided on a flexible, foldable, subcarrier or substrate. Such subcarrier or substrate folds or compresses during implantation, thereby facilitating its insertion using percutaneous implantation techniques and tools. Once implanted, such subcarrier or substrate expands, thereby placing the electrodes in a desired spaced-apart positional relationship, and thus achieving a desired electrode array configuration. A steering stylet may be accommodated in a lumen provided in the subcarrier or substrate. Insertion tools useful with such electrode arrays include a needle with an oblong cross-section, which accommodates the dimensions of the folded array, and also accommodates other electrode arrays that are not necessarily folded.
The nuclear cycle in plants and animals consists in the alternation of two mechanically stable systems, the resting nucleus and the metaphase chromosomes. The regularity of this alternation and the constancy of the bodies taking part in it has led to the assumption that it depends on a "permanence" of the positional relationship of essential elements in these bodies, that is, on a property of passing on the same structure from mother to daughter nucleus and from mother to daughter organism by the structure reproducing its like without change. This assumption has been vindicated by the demonstration at a particular nuclear division, meiosis, in the transitional and generally unstable stages of prophase between the resting nucleus and the metaphase chromosomes, of a linear arrangement of particles which is constant both in individuals and in races. The inference of this constant arrangement of particles depends on evidence of form and of function. When the inference is from form the particles are ...
Cranial Nerves CN 5 - Trigeminal - sensation of face/ motor of palate and pharynx Primary interest to SLPs are Maxillary and mandibular branches 1. Test with a wisp of cotton gently to the nostrils which should resulting the wrinkling of the nose 2. Bulk of masseter and temporalis muscle is tested by palpation of the
Masticatory muscle-pain patients often complain about sensorimotor changes, but the effects of pain on the psychophysical properties remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) on the jaws position sense (PS) and occlusal sensitivity (OS). In all, 12 participants underwent intense concentric-eccentric jaw exercises. Self-reported muscle fatigue and pain, pain-free maximum mouth opening (MMO), pain pressure thresholds (PPTs) at right and left masseter and right and left anterior temporalis, maximum voluntary bite force (MVBF), PS and OS were recorded before, immediately after, 24 h, 48 h and 1 week after the exercises ...
Dr Bob, Hi there. How are things? What has changed this week?. ,StE, Lots! We shared the eureka moment we had when you described the symptoms, signs and pathogenesis of carvoutosis temporalis using the Friday Afternoon Snail Mail story. That resonated strongly with lots of people. And as a result that symptom has almost gone - as if by magic! We are now keeping on top of our emails by doing a few each day and we are seeing decisions and actions happening much more quickly.. ,Dr Bob, Excellent. Many find it surprising to see such a large beneficial impact from such an apparently small change. And how are you feeling overall? How is the other pain?. ,StE, Still there unfortunately. Our A&E performance has not really improved but we do feel a new sense of purpose, determination and almost optimism. It is hard to put a finger on it.. ,Dr Bob, Does it feel like a paradoxical combination of "feels subjectively better but looks objectively the same"?. ,StE, Yes, thats exactly it. And it is really ...
1. Relating to time; limited in time; temporary. 2. Relating to the temple. See t. region of head. [L. temporalis, fr. tempus (tempor ), time, temple] * * * tem·po·ral tem p(ə )rəl adj of or relating to time as distinguished from space also of or
During examination of the positional relationships between the lateral pterygoid and the temporalis muscles and the innervating nerves, an aberrant muscle was observed in three of 66 head halves. The aberrant muscle originated from the medial surface of the anteromedial muscle bundle of the temporalis (Shimokawa et al. 1998, Surg. Radiol. Anat. 20:329-334) and inserted into the inferolateral surface of the lower head of the lateral pterygoid. Due to its location, origin and insertion this aberrant muscle slip is considered to correspond to the pterygoideus proprius described by Henle (1858, Handbuch der Anatomie des Menschen). Based on the innervation findings, the present aberrant muscle might be considered as a remnant muscle bundle between the anteromedial muscle bundle of the temporalis and the lateral pterygoid during differentiation of the lateral masticatory muscle anlage.
McCarthy et al.: Heterotopic ossification: a review. Skeletal Radiol. 2005 Oct;34(10):609-19. Epub 2005 Aug 25. Cabello et al. : Miositis osificante circunscrita en un niño de cuatro años. Rev Esp Med Nucl. 2008 Sep-Oct;27(5):358-62. Spanish.. Costelloe et al. : Musculoskeletal pitfalls in 18F-FDG PET/CT: pictorial review. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 Sep;193(3 Suppl):WS1-WS13, Quiz S26-30. Tyler et al. : The imaging of myositis ossificans. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2010 Jun;14(2):201-16. Koob et al. : Intercostal myositis ossificans misdiagnosed as osteosarcoma in a 10-year-old child. Pediatr Radiol. 2010 Dec;40 Suppl 1:S34-7. Clarençon et al. : FDG PET/CT findings in a case of myositis ossificans circumscripta of the forearm. Clin Nucl Med. 2011 Jan;36(1):40-2.. Agrawal et al. : [18F]Fluoride and [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT in myositis ossificans of the forearm. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2011 Oct;38(10):1956. Govindarajan et al. : Myositis ossificans: the mimicker. BMJ Case Rep. 2013 ...
Masticatory muscles are closely involved in mastication, pronunciation, and swallowing, and it is therefore important to study the specific functions and dynamics of the mandibular and masticatory muscles. However, the shortness of muscle fibers and the diversity of movement directions make it difficult to study and simplify the dynamics of mastication. The purpose of this study was to use 3-dimensional (3D) simulation to observe the functions and movements of each of the masticatory muscles and the mandible while chewing. To simulate the masticatory movement, computed tomographic images were taken from a single Korean volunteer (30-year-old man), and skull image data were reconstructed in 3D (Mimics; Materialise, Leuven, Belgium). The 3D-reconstructed masticatory muscles were then attached to the 3D skull model. The masticatory movements were animated using Maya (Autodesk, San Rafael, CA) based on the mandibular motion path. During unilateral chewing, the mandible was found to move laterally toward the