This study examined the role of child temperament in the relationship between parental risk status and cognitive competence. Three main questions were addressed: (1) Does parental risk status predict child temperament? (2) Does child temperament act as a mediating variable between parental risk status and cognitive functioning? Importantly, does temperament operate as a risk or protective factor? and (3) What is the nature of the relationship between child temperament and cognitive functioning? These questions were explored within a subsample of high-risk mothers and their infant and preschool-age offspring from the Concordia Longitudinal Risk Project. This longitudinal investigation, which started in 1977, identified lower SES individuals as being highly aggressive and/or withdrawn in childhood. Many of these individuals now have children of their own, which provides a unique opportunity to investigate the trajectories of risk and resilience across generations. Contrary to expectations, ...
Introduction. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychological structure of Yin-Yang based on the Sasang Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) in relation to Carver and Whites Behavior Inhibition/Behavior Activation System (BIS/BAS) Scale and Cloningers temperament model of the West. Methods. A total of 188 university students were classified as high (30%), middle (40%), and low (30%) groups based on their SPQ score and their differences in Cloningers temperaments and BIS/BAS subscales were analyzed using analysis of covariance after controlling the sex. Correlation among SPQ, Cloningers four temperaments and BIS/BAS subscales was also examined. Results. Significant differences in BAS (F = 11.703, p | .001), Novelty-Seeking (F = 4.945, p | .01), and Harm-Avoidance (F = 10.912, p | .001) were observed between high and low SPQ score groups after controlling for sex. The SPQ showed significant correlation with BAS (r = 0.303), Novelty-Seeking (r = 0.225), and Harm-Avoidance (r = − 0.273). However
Child Temperament: New Thinking About the Boundary between Traits and Illness was released in October of 2013. The book reviews the latest knowledge about child temperament, especially since the work of Thomas and Chess, and then explores the links between temperament trait and psychiatric disorders. A second section of the book addresses practical implications of these findings, with tips for parents, teachers, medical, and mental health professionals on working with different temperament types to help them maximize their developmental potential. You can find more information about the book at childtemperament.net.. The book is available at book stores, as well as Amazon and other online outlets. For people interested in a talk about his topic, please contact me for further information.. ...
The paper studied the intensity of energy metabolism and level of activation effect on the cerebral cortex in younger schoolchildren. 149 children with normal (n = 69) and delayed (n = 80) mental development were examined. Temperament types of younger schoolchildren were identified by behavioural manifestations intensity index: in children with normal development, average index values predominated, corresponding to the adequate type of temperament; in children with delayed mental development, high values prevailed, i.e. the intense type of temperament. Differences in the course of brain processes in schoolchildren with different temperament traits were revealed. Children with normal development and adequate type of temperament showed optimal indices of energy metabolism intensity and level II of cerebral cortex activation; intense children more often demonstrated high intensity of neural energy metabolism and level III of cerebral cortex activation; children with the calm type of temperament ...
Peer rejection has frequently been identified as a risk factor for development. Amongst other factors, peer rejection is predicted by the temperamental characteristics that underlie problem behaviours. Research has also demonstrated relationships between communication style and peer rejection, while a possible link between temperament and communication has scarcely been explored. This research presents two studies investigating the relationships between temperament, communication and peer popularity, using Howe and McWilliams (in press) coding scheme. A cross-sectional study obtained parental ratings on temperament and peer nominated sociometric status for children in nursery class, Primary 3 and Primary 6. Children were observed during free play and structured tasks, and communication was coded. A follow up longitudinal study was conducted with children in Primary 2 and Primary 3 only. It was hypothesised that difficult temperament would be associated with peer rejection, that communication ...
Fearfulness as a temperament dimension is already evident in infants. Children who vary in fearfulness differ in their behavioural and physiological reactivity to novel situations. Despite evidence linking the extremes of early fearful temperament to later psychopathology, information regarding its development and correlates is lacking. The present research examined fearful temperament in infancy through assessments of behaviour and physiology, and compared this information with maternal reports. The proposed associations between fearfulness, sustained attention and of effortful control were also investigated. Temperament was examined longitudinally in 50 healthy infants in the 1st and 2nd year of life. Mothers reported on their childrens fearfulness behavioural distress during fear provocation, and resting and stress levels of skin conductance activity (SCA) and Cortisol were examined. Skin conductance responses (SCRs) during an Orienting Habituation Paradigm (OHP) were also studied. We ...
Temperament Testing is an important characteristic for any breed. There are several AKC Parent Clubs which are currently participating in having the AKC recognize their breed as having passed a temperament test or certification. Some Parent Clubs have their testing administered by the American Temperament Test Society (ATTS) and some conduct their own testing. AKC will recognize either upon a Parent Clubs request. Owners of dogs who pass, can apply to have a temperament test title placed on their dogs AKC record and receive an AKC certificate of title. Owners can request this recognition by using the Temperament Test Title Application. Breeders in particular find this most useful when incorporating qualities associated with sound temperament into their breeding program. A temperament test or certification measures a dogs reaction or behavior to various elements presented to them such as a stranger, usually of varying degrees ranging from neutral and friendly, to threatening and aggressive. A ...
J Psychosom Res. 2011 Oct;71(4):245-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2011.03.010. Epub 2011 Apr 22. Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt
Ahadi, S., and Rothbart, M. (1994). Temperament, development, and the Big Five. The developing structure of temperament and personality from infancy to adulthood (pp. 189-207). Hillsdale, NJ England: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.. Auerbach, J., Berger, A., Atzaba-Poria, N., Arbelåe, S., Cypin, N., Friedman, A., et al. (2008). Temperament at 7, 12, and 25 months in children at familial risk for ADHD. Infant and Child Development, 17(4), 321-338. doi:10.1002/icd.579. Bijttebier, P., and Roeyers, H. (2009). Temperament and vulnerability to psychopathology: Introduction to the special section. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology: An official publication of the International Society for Research in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, 37(3), 305-308. doi:10.1007/s10802-009-9308-2. Bridgett, D., Gartstein, M., Putnam, S., McKay, T., Iddins, E., Robertson, C., . . . Rittmueller, A. (2009). Maternal and contextual influences and the effect of temperament development during infancy on parenting in ...
Despite the social stigma and attempts over the years to increase public awareness of the risks of drinking during pregnancy, there has been little change in womens prenatal drinking patterns (Bhuvaneswar, Change, Epstein, & Stern, 2007; Ernhart, Morrow-Tlucak, Sokol, & Martier, 1988). In the literature it is unclear to what extent alcohol exposure in utero has on motor, cognitive, and language development. Although, due to the plasticity of the immature nervous system, long-term effects of early exposure to negative teratogens (alcohol exposure in utero) need to be researched to determine if a childs development can be ameliorated by positive parenting practices (Paone & Alperen, 1998). This study aims to investigate the association between parenting styles and child temperament as it relates to motor, cognitive, and language development in children who were exposed to alcohol in utero. Results indicated that there is a significant relationship between parenting styles and child temperament in
We began the weekend with Dr.Nancy Snidman, a colleague of Dr. Jerome Kagan who talked to us about temperament. She defined temperament as what a child brings to the interaction with the environment to create personality, pointing out that nowadays we tend to talk about individual differences instead of temperament, but that individual differences tends to be a blend of temperament and environment. Nancy talked to us about the differences in reactivity of children related to different thresholds of reactivity in the amydala. In their study of the amydala output effects, such as sympathetic responses, output to the larynx (crying), and output to the skeletal motor system, the research group identified a group of timid children who had inherited a low threshold of reactivity of the amydala.. It turns out that if you look at the sensory integration scale and the temperament scale, you find a lot of overlap, and some people think they are not so different. Nancy said that if part of your ...
Researchers have long been interested in whether particular temperamental traits in childhood connote risk for depressive disorders. For example, children characterized as having high negative emotionality (NE; sadness, fear, anger) and low positive emotionality (PE; anhedonia, listlessness, and lack of enthusiasm) are hypothesized to be at risk for depression. Few studies, however, have examined whether (and how) these two temperamental dimensions interact to confer risk. In a sample of 329 preschoolers, the present study addressed this question by examining the relation between PE and NE and asymmetry in resting EEG activity in frontal and posterior regions, which are putative biomarkers for depression. Using a laboratory battery to define temperament, we found an interaction of PE and NE on posterior asymmetry. Specifically, when PE was high, NE was associated with greater relative right activity. When PE was low, NE was not related to posterior asymmetry. These results were driven by ...
Purpose. Parents have important roles in child rearing, but the influence of their personality on rearing practices and their impact on the behavior of children has received surprisingly little attention. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between parents personality and childrens problem behaviors.Materials and Methods. Participants consisted of 190 preschool outpatients (104 boys, 86 girls) and their parents who visited traditional Korean pediatric clinics with minor physical symptoms as chief complaints. The personality profiles of the both parents were measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory and childrens behavior problems by the Child Behavior Checklist 1.5-5. Correlation and stepwise regression analysis were employed for the statistical analyses.Results. The temperament trait of Harm Avoidance and the character traits of Self-Directedness and Self-Transcendence of the parents were significantly correlated with childrens problem behaviors. Character as
And more including Wendys Parent Footprint Moment.. Wendy Gossett, MA, is a Parenting and Relationship Specialist based in Denver, Colorado. She has worked with countless parents helping them to understand their children better by using temperament psychology. EEG maps in Neuroscience validate temperament as a tool for comprehending the eight psychological functions of the brain, which help people see and understand each other from the inside out. She has also worked with many Fortune 500 companies as a trainer and facilitator. In addition to her expertise in the field of temperament psychology, Wendy has a masters degree with over twenty years of experience in all areas of training including parenting her own daughter who is her complete opposite. She is a contributing writer for Denver Parent and Mile High Mamas and for the past decade, she has been compiling all her acquired knowledge and experience with families into a comprehensive parenting textbook YOUR CHILDS INNER DRIVE to help ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Child, caregiver, and temperament contributions to infant joint attention. AU - Vaughan, Amy. AU - Mundy, Peter. AU - Block, Jessica. AU - Burnette, Courtney. AU - Delgado, Christine. AU - Gomez, Yania. AU - Meyer, Jessica. AU - Neal, A. Rebecca. AU - Pomares, Yuly. PY - 2003/12/1. Y1 - 2003/12/1. N2 - Little is known about variables that may contribute to individual differences in infant joint attention, or the coordination of visual attention with a social partner. Therefore, this study examined the contributions of caregiver behavior and temperament to infant joint attention development between 9 and 12 months. Data were collected from 57 infants using a caregiver-infant paradigm, an infant-tester paradigm, and a parent report of infant temperament. Nine-month measures of caregiver scaffolding and infant initiating joint attention (IJA) with testers were significantly related to 12-month infant IJA with testers. A temperament measure of positive emotional reactivity was ...
Accounting for both bidirectional and interactive effects between parenting and child temperament can fine-tune theoretical models of the role of
This post was originally published as part of The Trump Files-a collection of telling episodes, strange but true stories, and curious scenes from the life of our current president-on August 30, 2016.. I think I have the best temperament or certainly one of the best temperaments of anybody thats ever run for the office of president. Ever, said Donald Trump in July. Because I have a winning temperament. I know how to win.. But in Trumps second book, Surviving at the Top (released as Trumps empire was crumbling under massive debt in 1990), he described his temperament in ways that wouldnt seem to bode well for a leader of the free world. I get bored too easily, he wrote. My attention span is short and probably my least favorite thing to do is to maintain the status quo. Instead of being content when everything is going fine, I start getting impatient and irritable.. He also explained how he enjoyed the thrill of the chase more than anything else. For me, you see, the important thing ...
Dive into the research topics of Sleep Duration Moderates the Association Between Childrens Temperament and Academic Achievement. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Individuals with the explosive temperament benefit from high social support and secure attachment. From the point of view of the therapy process, this knowledge might be of importance. In contrast, individuals with the adventurous temperament were able to direct their behavior better in social envir …
Many factors contribute to this disorder. Neuropsychological testing has shown that children and teens with conduct disorders seem to have an impairment in the frontal lobe of the brain. This interferes with their ability to plan, avoid harm, and learn from negative experiences. Childhood temperament is considered to have a genetic basis. Children or teens who are considered to have a difficult temperament are more likely to develop behavior problems. Children or teens from disadvantaged, dysfunctional, and disorganized home environments are more likely to develop conduct disorders, although it can be found in all socioeconomic groups. Social problems and peer group rejection have been found to contribute to delinquency. Low socioeconomic status has been linked to conduct disorders. Children and teens who show delinquent and aggressive behaviors have distinctive cognitive and psychological profiles when compared to children with other mental health problems and control groups. All of the ...
With the growing number of children who receive a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), there is an increasing need to identify risk markers that will allow for earlier diagnosis of this disorder. Since no single atypical behavior has been found that is shared by all 12-month-old infants who are later diagnosed with ASD, it is likely that a constellation of markers combine in a way that is more predictive of outcome at this age. Establishing a Cumulative Risk Index (CRI) is one way to investigate which combination of early risk markers is most predictive of later ASD diagnostic outcome. Temperament is one construct of behavior that could act as an early risk marker for ASD and therefore, could add predictive power to a CRI for this disorder. Temperament is defined as a behavioral style that includes individual differences in reactivity and self-regulation and emphasizes emotional, attentional and activity related characteristics. Another important aspect of temperament is that it exerts ...
This study examined gross and fine motor skills, temperament profiles and the duration and intensity of motor practice in 93 term and 87 preterm infants at corrected age. Overall, more intense practice was associated with better gross motor skills and a high extraversion temperament predicted more intense practice. Importantly, infants who were small for gestational age practiced less intensely and had a higher risk of fine motor delay, as did male infants.. ...
Becoming a Service Dog: Training and Temperament Are Key Factors in Norwalk, CT. Animal Wellness Veterinary Center is your local Veterinarian in Norwalk serving all of your needs. Call us today at (203) 295-8080 for an appointment.
KLEIN, Vivian Caroline; GASPARDO, Cláudia Maria and LINHARES, Maria Beatriz Martins. Pain, self-regulation and temperament in high risk preterm newborns. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.3, pp.504-512. ISSN 0102-7972. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722011000300011.. High risk preterm newborns are exposed to unavoidable painful experiences in Neonatal Intensive Care Units. In spite of their biological immaturity, they are able to perceive and react to pain stimuli. Repetitive exposure to pain has a negative impact on the development and may increase the infants vulnerability, affecting self-regulatory processes. Biobehavioral reactivity to pain is an indicator of self-regulation and it is associated to the childs temperament. Preterm infants need pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies for pain relieving. Moreover, they need a context of synchronic interaction with their parents which must be adapted to their temperament characteristics. Health professionals may ...
The main finding of this paper is that the temperament trait harm avoidance was positively, and the character trait self-directedness negatively, associated with CRP levels in a population-based cohort of women. In line with this outcome, an inverse correlation between harm avoidance and self-directedness has been observed by others [39], and was confirmed by our data (not shown).. This is the first study examining CRP levels in subjects in which personality traits have been assessed using the TCI. Previous studies regarding personality traits, measured with other instruments, versus CRP levels, also are sparse. Proneness for anger and hostility has however been associated with elevated levels of CRP [4, 40-42]. Also, a study regarding fear for terror attacks revealed, in women but not in men, a positive association between fear and elevated CRP levels after adjustment for generalized anxiety, depressive symptoms and other confounding variables [43].. Although the literature is not unanimous ...
The researchers looked at more than 260 mothers and their children, following them from the childrens birth until first grade. They assessed infants difficult temperament as well as how they were parented between the first week and the sixth month of life, based on both observations and parent reports. When the children were 2 and a half and 3 years old, the researchers watched mothers with their children doing tasks that challenged the children and required assistance from the parents. Finally, when the children were in kindergarten and first grade, researchers asked moms and teachers to rate the childrens behavior problems.. Before the study, we thought it was likely the combination of difficult infant temperament and negative parenting that put parent-child pairs most at risk for conflict in the toddler period, and then put the children at risk for conduct problems at school age, according to Michael F. Lorber, a research scientist at New York University and lead author of the paper ...
Original Research. Temperament Profiles and Character Development. Adventurous and explosive temperament profiles have been associated with antisocial and borderline personality disorders. This analysis of over 2,000 participants in the Young Finns study looks at whether these temperaments were linked to development of immature character over a 15-year follow-up, and whether social support and attachment security might modify these relationships.. DOI: 10.4088/JCP.17m11587 , Posted: 02/13/2018. Original Research. Antipsychotic Prescriptions in Outpatients With MDD. Because recent research supports the effectiveness of antipsychotics in nonresponsive major depressive disorder, examining national prescribing trends for these drugs in MDD is a timely topic. Using data from the 2006-2015 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, this study reports on which antipsychotics are being prescribed and the percentages of patients that are receiving them.. DOI: 10.4088/JCP.17m11970 , Posted: ...
We examined the magnitude of genetic and environmental influences on observed negative emotionality at age 14, 20, and 24 months. Participants were 403 same-sex twin pairs recruited from the Longitudinal Twin Study whose emotional responses to four different situations were coded by independent raters. Negative emotionality showed significant consistency across settings, and there was evidence of a latent underlying negative emotionality construct. Heritability decreased, and the magnitude of shared environmental influences increased, for the latent negative emotionality construct from age 14 to 24 months. There were significant correlations between negative emotionality assessed at age 14, 20, and 24 months, and results suggested common genetic and shared environmental influences affecting negative emotionality across age, and that age-specific influences are limited to non-shared environmental influences, which include measurement error.
The Satirist: His Temperament, Motivation, and Influence - 1963, Page 1 by Leonard Feinberg. Read The Satirist: His Temperament, Motivation, and Influence now at Questia.
Tibetan Mastiff Dog Breed Temperament, Health Issues, Grooming, and Living ConditionsPictures of Dogs and All About DogTibetan Mastiff Dog Breed Temperament, Health Issues, Grooming, and Living Conditions
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A genome-wide association study of Cloningers temperament scales: Implications for the evolutionary genetics of personality ...
K9: This is a development calendar that is the result of many puppy growth & development cycles under observation. Morgan has agreed to make it pinned at the top of the puppy forum for the benefit of the forums members. The purpose of this calendar is to be used as a tool or guide for those raising pups to use to identify temperament changes in their pups during development. The reason for such a calendar is that by knowing certain temperament traits are common in all breeds at certain
Nicotine can have consequences on the in-utero development of the babys brain and blood vessels found in the umbilical cord. They may likely be forced to contract.. Add to that an accumulation of carbon monoxide in their blood. This reduces oxygen supply and exposes them to many other chemical products found in cigarettes. This can have a real and dangerous impact over the short, medium and long term. Unfortunately, when your child is born, we wont be able to tell you how it will be affected.. There are many possible impacts, such as low birth weight or more difficult temperament. Longer term, learning disorders, speech disorders, increased diagnosis of hyperactivity and attention deficit disorder (ADD), behavioural disorders, more asthma and a predisposition to consuming tobacco products and other substances later in life may occur.. After childbirth, you might be wondering if its okay or not to breastfeed your baby if you smoke. I will provide you with details in the next section about ...
Matilda made her first appearance as a three-year-old at York on 10 August when she started 5/4 favourite for a ten furlong sweepstake. Ridden by Bill Scott, she led from the start, set a strong pace and won easy[6] from Moonshine and Kit Cat.[9] The Sporting Magazine praised the fillys speed, but criticised her lack of size, dubious stamina and difficult temperament.[10] On 18 September, Matilda was sent to Doncaster to contest the St Leger Stakes over one and three quarter miles, in which she was ridden by Jem Robinson. She was third favourite in the betting at odds of 9/1 behind her stable companion Granby and the Derby winner Mameluke. The start of the race was chaotic and controversial: the official starter, Mr Lockwood, proved unable to control the jockeys and there were at least seven false starts before the race began. There were suspicions that Lockwood, and many of the jockeys had been bribed to delay the start for as long as possible in the hope of upsetting Mameluke and preventing ...
Scientific Name: Hydnophora SP Common Name:, Horn Coral, Hydno Coral, Velvet Horn Coral Type of Coral: SPS (Small Polyp Stony Coral) Lighting: High Flow: High Care Level: Moderate to Difficult Temperament:... Read more → ...
They are a combination of three breeds: Rex, New Zealand and Californian. Californian and New Zealand breeds are related and currently are the most popular commercial meat breeds due to their fast growth. The Rex breed, while being an excellent meat breed, is particularly known for its fine fur. Ours seem to have a mellower temperament, which is helpful for their mothering ability and handling in general. While they grow somewhat less quickly than the New Zealand and Californian breeds, we use the Rex to add hybrid vigor and positive temperament characteristics. ...
The appropriate selection of freshwater livestock, both as species and individual specimens determines from the outset whether you will have a low/no trouble arrangement or ongoing troubles, perhaps even deaths. Utmost care should be exercised in putting together your livestock assortment - carefully make working lists of what you might have, particularly as regards each species initial size, growth rate and likely maximum in your setting, its foods and feeding, water quality preferences and ranges, temperament (at least likelihood of all getting along), as well as issues of what type and part of the aquarium each will likely occupy. Looking about our planet and its varied freshwater environments, its not surprising to find that there are many and varying type habitats...Some colder, others warmer...where the water has more/less dissolved solids, oxygen, is softer/ harder, of high/low to middling pH, there are places where light is bright, the water clear and not ...
Angela Oswalt, MSW. As we have reiterated throughout this series of developmental articles, every child develops at his or her own pace. Many factors, both internal and external, can impact a childs level of emotional development. Internally, temperament (the innate or genetic component of an individuals personality) can affect how children respond to the world emotionally. Children who have more easy-going temperaments tend to have a easier time learning to regulate their own emotions as well as to respond to other peoples emotions more positively. Children who have difficult or slow-to-warm-up temperaments tend to struggle to regulate their own emotions and will typically react to other peoples strong emotions by becoming distressed themselves. More information on the different types of temperament can be found in the Sensorimotor Developmental Article.. Externally, role models and the environment will also influence how children react to the world emotionally. Bronfenbrenners ecological ...
The most honest dog breed review youll ever find about Flat-Coated Retriever temperament, training, personality, behavior, pros and cons.
They take a triangular shape, instead of the usual rounded or almond-shaped eyes of other canine breeds. American Akita puppy will cost you about 98000 Rupees in India. These two have physical and personality differences. Their front legs are firm, and the hind legs are rather muscular with well-developed upper thighs. American Akita is larger and more imposing than Japanese Akita. An Akita that has been overtrained to be a serious watchdog will not likely be a good fit in a domestic environment. If you ever owned an American Akita you probably noticed that they are more active when there is colder weather outside. Akita temperament. They do have some long hair but its only found on the tail. In such cases, it slowly destroys the photoreceptor cells in the eyes. Although, it also has a lot to do with the fact that they are quite territorial, protective, and fearless. Any of these organizations can help you bring home your next best friend: There were many back and forths between organizations ...
Introduction. Temperament is defined as an animals inherent response to a stressful stimulus and is determined by genetic and permanent environmental effects such as early life experience (Dodd et al., 2012). In measuring and selecting for temperament in livestock, producers want animals that are easier to handle in open situations, as well as in more restricted environments. Temperament is also believed to be linked to some production traits. In extensively reared and managed sheep it has been shown that temperament is related to the ability of ewes to rear their lambs (Murphy et al, 1994; Kilgour & Szantar-Codington, 1995). Stress also influences meat quality (Cloete et al., 2005); syndromes such as pale, soft and exudative (PSE) meat in pork and dark, firm and dry (DFD) meat in beef may result from an inability of slaughter animals to cope with either acute short-term or chronic long-term stress (Lawrie, 1998). Cloete et al. (2005) found that Merino lambs more susceptible to stress had ...
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An article today in The New York Times takes aim at temperament testing in animal shelters hopefully this article will get the attention it deserves from the shelter community. The effectiveness of these kinds of tests, that can result in a dog being swiftly killed if she doesnt score a passing grade, has long been under examination by humane advocates.
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The typical Shiba Inu temperament is confident, loyal and strong. But how do these traits manifest themselves? And can a Shiba also make a great pet?
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Is the Pug the right dog breed for you? Information on the Pug including breed size, colours, temperament, health, pet insurance & more.