Microbial utilization of uncommon C4 dicarboxylate L-tartrate is largely anaerobic, with aerobic L-tartrate utilization known for few bacterial species including Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides and Pseudomonas putida. Aerobic L-tartrate-utilizing microbes could be industrially relevant owing to the efficient nature of the bioprocess and catalytic versatility of tartrate dehydrogenase (TDH) responsible for aerobic catabolism of L-tartrate. Present work involves isolation and characterization of Bacillus strains capable of aerobic L-tartrate utilization and its correlation with occurrence of TDH activity. Two out of 37 isolates, IC1-G and IC1-Y were identified as Bacillus megaterium spp. showing efficient aerobic growth, utilizing ~3.7 and 2.8 mM L-tartrate respectively at the end of 48 h. Several organic acids possibly including oxalic, succinic and citric acids were secreted as by-products of L-tartrate metabolism. Utilization of L-tartrate directly correlated with induction of TDH activity by ~3.2 ...
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1. A pharmaceutical intermediate containing a microencapsulated desfesoterodine tartaric acid salt. Reference is hereby made to all of the foregoing discussions regarding preferred embodiments (for example the crystalline R form) of the desfesoterodine tartaric acid salt of the invention. 2. A pharmaceutical intermediate constructed from a core (a) and a shell (b), wherein: [0146] (a) the core contains a desfesoterodine tartaric acid salt as the active ingredient; and [0147] (b) the shell contains one or more pharmaceutical excipients which modify release of the active ingredient; wherein preferably, the weight ratio of core (a) to shell (b) is 15:1 to 1:5. 3. An intermediate in accordance with point 2, wherein the shell comprises the components: (b1), a substance which is not soluble in water, preferably a polymer which is not soluble in water; and (b2) a pore-forming agent. 4. An intermediate according to point 3, wherein the shell additionally comprises the components: (b3), a polymer with a ...
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There are more toxins except CO2 which the fungus can produce. We know for example that in the winemaking process, the reaction between the sugar and yeast creates an acid called Tartaric acid.. This acid is floating on the surface of the wine like white foam and due to the foams high toxicity, wine producers make sure to take it out. Tartaric acid can hurt the digestive systems mucosity and cause inflammations, and an increase of the acidity level of the urine by that burns and infections can appear not caused by bacteria.. Dr. William Sho M.D, from great plains lab in the U.S, discovered that the tartaric acid in fibromyalgia patients urine is 50 times higher than normal. Tartaric acid is toxic to the muscles. When experimenting on animals it was found, tartaric acid is causes damage to muscles.. The main and natural source of tartaric acid is yeast, and the process in the body is similar to the process of winemaking. Of course that the human body doesnt produce tartaric acid, but if the ...
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... Definition Tartaric acid is a crystalline organic acid that exists in four isomeric forms and occurs widely in plants. It occurs natura
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potassium sodium L-tartrate 304-59-6 NMR spectrum, potassium sodium L-tartrate H-NMR spectral analysis, potassium sodium L-tartrate C-NMR spectral analysis ect.
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Potassium sodium tartrate tetrahydrate, also known as Rochelle salt, is a double salt of tartaric acid first prepared (in about 1675) by an apothecary, Pierre Seignette, of La Rochelle, France. Potassium sodium tartrate and monopotassium phosphate were the first materials discovered to exhibit piezoelectricity.[3] This property led to its extensive use in "crystal" gramophone (phono) pick-ups, microphones and earpieces during the post-World War II consumer electronics boom of the mid-20th Century. Such transducers had an exceptionally high output with typical pick-up cartridge outputs as much as 2 volts or more. Rochelle salt is deliquescent so any transducers based on the material deteriorated if stored in damp conditions. It has been used medicinally as a laxative. It has also been used in the process of silvering mirrors. It is an ingredient of Fehlings solution (reagent for reducing sugars). It is used in electroplating, in electronics and piezoelectricity, and as a combustion accelerator ...
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The threshold for cough induced by inhaled tartaric acid was measured in 71 non-atopic healthy volunteers. The cough threshold was lower in women than in men, which may be relevant to previous reports that angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors induce cough more frequently in women than in men.. ...
372 medications are known to interact with sodium bicarbonate/tartaric acid. Includes Allegra (fexofenadine), Chlor-Trimeton (chlorpheniramine), Chlorpheniramine (Allergy) (chlorpheniramine).
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Zolpidem tartrate, like other sedative-hypnotic drugs, has central nervous system (CNS) depressant effects. Co-administration with other CNS depressants (e.g., benzodiazepines, opioids, tricyclic antidepressants, alcohol) increases the risk of CNS depression. Dosage adjustments of zolpidem tartrate and of other concomitant CNS depressants may be necessary when zolpidem tartrate is administered with such agents because of the potentially additive effects. The use of zolpidem tartrate with other sedative-hypnotics (including other zolpidem products) at bedtime or the middle of the night is not recommended [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)]. The risk of next-day psychomotor impairment, including impaired driving, is increased if zolpidem tartrate is taken with less than a full night of sleep remaining (7 to 8 hours); if a higher than the recommended dose is taken; if co-administered with other CNS depressants or alcohol; or if co-administered with other drugs that increase the blood levels of ...
... IUPAC name Potassium sodium tartrate Other names E337 Identifiers CAS number 304-59-6 EINECS number
Grapes are born with primarily hard Malic and Tartaric acids, though many whites and most reds go through a secondary, bacterial fermentation (as opposed to yeast-driven) that converts the acid of green apples (Malic acid) to the softer acid of fermented dairy products such as yogurt (lactic acid). As grapes ripen, sugars increase and acids tend to decrease, so some winemakers routinely add additional acid to their wines. The most common acids used in acidification are Tartaric acid, Malic acid and citric acid. Some wines are also de-acidified by adding specific salts that can cancel out tartaric acids ...
The crystal structure of rivastigmine hydrogen tartrate has been solved and refined using synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data, and optimized using density functional techniques. Rivastigmine hydrogen tartrate crystallizes in space groupP21(#4) witha= 17.538 34(5),b= 8.326 89(2),c= 7.261 11(2) Å,β= 98.7999(2)°,V= 1047.929(4) Å3, andZ= 2. The un-ionized end of the hydrogen tartrate anions forms a very strong hydrogen bond with the ionized end of another anion to form a chain. The ammonium group of the rivastigmine cation forms a strong discrete hydrogen bond with the carbonyl oxygen atom of the un-ionized end of the tartrate anion. These hydrogen bonds form a corrugated network in thebc-plane. Both hydroxyl groups of the tartrate anion form intramolecular O-H···O hydrogen bonds. Several C-H···O hydrogen bonds appear to contribute to the crystal energy. The powder pattern is included in the Powder Diffraction File™as entry 00-064-1501. ...
Figure 1: Mean plasma concentration-time profiles for zolpidem tartrate extended-release tablets (12.5 mg) and immediate-release zolpidem tartrate (10 mg) In adult and elderly patients treated with zolpidem tartrate extended-release tablets, there was no evidence of accumulation after repeated once-daily dosing for up to two weeks.. Absorption Following administration of zolpidem tartrate extended-release tablets, administered as a single 12.5 mg dose in healthy male adult subjects, the mean peak concentration (Cmax) of zolpidem was 134 ng/mL (range: 68.9 to 197 ng/ml) occurring at a median time (Tmax) of 1.5 hours. The mean AUC of zolpidem was 740 ng·hr/mL (range: 295 to 1359 ng·hr/mL).. A food-effect study in 45 healthy subjects compared the pharmacokinetics of zolpidem tartrate extended-release tablets 12.5 mg when administered while fasting or within 30 minutes after a meal. Results demonstrated that with food, mean AUC and Cmax were decreased by 23% and 30%, respectively, while median ...
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Lonza is a leading manufacturer of L-Carnitine, sold under the brand name Carnipure™. L-Carnitine is a nutrient that plays an important role in energy metabolism. The proprietary and fully backward integrated Carnipure™ production process was invented by Lonza scientists in Switzerland. It directly produces the L-isomer of Carnitine, the beneficial form found in nature. L-Carnitine is found in infant formulas, multivitamins and a wide variety of health products. Carnipure™ crystalline and Carnipure™ tartrate are self-affirmed GRAS for use in certain conventional foods as a dietary source of L-Carnitine. Lonza developed Carnipure™ tartrate as a non-hygroscopic alternative for solid and liquid applications in the early 90s. Carnipure™ tartrate consists of 68% L-Carnitine and 32% L-tartaric acid, which is the highest L-Carnitine concentration of any current commercially available non-hygroscopic salt form. Both Carnipure™ crystalline and Carnipure™ tartrate are bright white, pH- ...
Sodium tartrate (Na2C4H4O6) is used as an emulsifier and a binding agent in food products such as jellies, margarine, and sausage casings. As a food additive, it is known by the E number E335. Because its crystal structure captures a very precise amount of water, it is also a common primary standard for Karl Fischer titration, a common technique to assay water content. ...
Following a request from the European Commission, the European Food Safety Authority was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on complexation products of sodium tartrates with iron(III) chloride (Fe-TA) when used as feed additive for all animal species and categories.
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The resolution of PZQ via PZQamine is working very nicely on a gram scale. Were still tweaking and improving it. For example the initial resolving agent identified by Syncom, dianisoyl tartaric acid, can be replaced by dibenzoyl tartaric acid. The latter is easier to purify, is less expensive (to buy and probably to make) and gives the opposite (desired!) enantiomer of PZQamine in the solid. The resolving agent can also be easily recycled in good yield. ...
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice ...
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice ...
The report generally describes potassium hydrogen tartrate(cream of tartar), examines its uses, production methods, patents. POTASSIUM HYDROGEN TARTRATE(CREAM
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Recently the construction of chiral MOFs (CMOFs) has been very challenging and complex. For the first time, we synthesized a chiral Zr-based MOF with l-tartaric acid by solvent-assisted ligand incorporation (SALI). We show that a CMOF can be postsynthetically generated by a simple method: incorporating chira 2019 Catalysis Science & Technology HOT Articles
The report generally describes dimethyl d-tartrate, examines its uses, production methods, patents. Dimethyl D-Tartrate market situation is overviewed;
Nitrocellulose has unique properties that make it desirable as a gun propellant. Most of these desirable properties center on the structural integrity of the modified polymer and is, in part, inherited from the hydrogen bonded structure of the base polymer-cellulose. The structure/property relationships wherein degree of nitration and molecular weight ranges were the controlled variables have been reported. In addition to the hydrogen bonding having an effect on physical structure, residual cellulosic hydroxyl groups act as an hydration locus which lowers the thermal and mechanical sensitivity of the material. The production of nitrocellulose, as with most explosives and propellants, is an energy intensive process since the components of the mixed acid nitration mixtures are the products of either high pressure technology (ammonia production) or require special materials for synthesis and storage. Keywords: Beta-nitropropionic acid, Enzymes, Nitration semisynthetic enzymes, Cellulose derivatives,
Tartar is the mineral deposit on teeth. Over time, the amount of tartar increases and in case if you dont take care about that issue, it may cause periodontitis.. One of the most effective ways to remove tartar is visit to a dentist, but that is quite expensive and not all people can afford it. There is another way is to remove tartar and you can perform it in your home.. In order to remove tartar, you will need:. - Baking soda. - Hydrogen peroxide. - Salt. - Water. - Antiseptic mouth wash. - Toothbrush. - Cup. - Dental pick. The baking soda is the most efficient tool for removing plaque.. Step 1:. First step is to take the cup and mix 1 tablespoon of baking soda with ½ teaspoon of salt. After that wet the toothbrush with warm water and dip it into the resulted mixture. Scrub your teeth with it and spit and do the same process about 5 minutes.. Step 2:. Combine a cup full with hydrogen peroxide and ½ cup of warm water and rinse your mouth for 1 minute. After that, spit and rinse with ½ cup ...
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Transcriptional regulator required for the aerobic growth on D-malate as the sole carbon source. Induces the expression of dmlA in response to D-malate or L- or meso-tartrate. Negatively regulates its own expression.
Convert how many tablespoons (tbsp) from cream of tartar are in 1 kilocalorie (kcal). This online cooking cream of tartar conversion tool is for culinary arts schools and certified chefs. Convert cream of tartar measuring units from kilocalories ( kcal ) into tablespoons ( tbsp ), volume vs weights measures, including dietary information and nutritional values instantly. The cream of tartar calculator can be used by culinarian cooks or in schools of culinary art classes or culinary colleges and even in international culinary education and pastry schools. 1 kilocalorie kcal equals = 0.038 tablespoons tbsp in cooking training exactly.
Tartar control for dogs teeth and breath freshener.ÊSprinkle daily onto food to help prevent tartar build up and freshen breath. 100% Natural. Economical to use. Left untreated, Tartar build-up can cause gum disease, tooth decay and bad breath. Tartar that is not treated may lead to infection that can spread affecting