TY - JOUR. T1 - Treatment Results of Hodgkins Disease from 1977 to 1991 in National Taiwan University Hospital. AU - 雷, 德. AU - 許, 智捷. AU - 鍾, 娜娜. AU - 王, 博民. AU - 黃, 昭源. AU - 丁, 禮莉(Lai-Lei Ting). PY - 1997. Y1 - 1997. N2 - Purpose: To evaluate the response and outcome of patients of Hodgkins disease undergoing different treatment modalities. Materials and Methods: We reviewed clinical records of Hodgkins disease who received chemotherapy (C/T), radiotherapy (R/T) or combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy (CRT) from 1977 to 1991 in National Taiwan University Hospital ( NTUH). The 5-year survival rate (SR) and 5-year freedom from relapse rate (FFR) in different stages were calculated and classified by different treatment modalities. Result: The overall 5-year survival rate (SR) and 5-year freedom from relapse rate (FFR) were summarized for stage I+Ⅱ, Ⅲ and IV diseases. In stage I+Ⅱ diseases, the SR of CIT, RIT and CRT groups were 50%, 60% and 89%; the ...
Chang K. V. 1, 2, Chiu H. H. 3, Wang S. S. 4, Lan C. 1, Chen S. Y. 1, Chou N. K. 4, Wu M. H. 3, Lai J. S. 1 ✉. 1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; 2 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University, Hospital Bei-Hu Branch, Taipei, Taiwan; 3 Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; 4 Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan. ...
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Nanomedicines in the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection in Asian patients: optimizing use of peginterferon alfa Chen-Hua Liu,1–3 Jia-Horng Kao1–3 1Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Hepatitis Research Center, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 3Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan Abstract: Asia is endemic for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, which is the leading cause of cirrhosis, hepatic decompensation, hepatocellular carcinoma , and liver transplantation worldwide. HCV has six major genotypes and each HCV genotype has its specific geographic distribution. HCV genotypes 1, 2, 3, and 6 are common in Asia. The aim of HCV treatment is to eradicate the virus by effective therapeutic agents; viral clearance is durable after long-term post-treatment follow-up. In most Asian countries, peginterferon alfa (PEG-IFN α) in combination with ribavirin
Effectiveness of tyrosine kinase inhibitors on uncommon E709X epidermal growth factor receptor mutations in non-small-cell lung cancer Jenn-Yu Wu,1 Jin-Yuan Shih2 1Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital Yun-Lin Branch, Yun-Lin, Taiwan; 2Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, and College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan Background: Clinical features of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations: L858R, deletions in exon 19, T790M, insertions in exon 20, G719X, and L861X in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are well-known. The clinical significance of other uncommon EGFR mutations, such as E709X, is not well understood. This study aimed to improve the understanding of E709X, and the clinical response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) of NSCLC patients with such an uncommon mutation.Methods: Specimens from 3,146 patients were tested for EGFR mutations. We surveyed the clinical data and the effectiveness of TKI
Wei Ting Chen,1 Ming Lun Tseng,1 Chun Yen Liao,2 Pin Chieh Wu,1 Shulin Sun,2,3 Yao-Wei Huang,1 Chia Min Chang,4 Chung Hao Lu,1 Lei Zhou,5 Ding-Wei Huang,4 Ai Qun Liu,6 and Din Ping Tsai1,2,7,* 1Graduate Institute of Applied Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan 2Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan 3National Center of Theoretical Sciences at Taipei, Physics Division, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan 4Graduate Institute of Photonics and Optoelectronics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan 5State Key Laboratory of Surface Physics and Key Laboratory of Micro and Nano Photonic Structures (Ministry of Education), Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China 6School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798, Singapore 7Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan *Corresponding author: [email protected] ...
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NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSITY - Effect of Whole Body Vibration on Muscle Tone and Hardness of Lower Extremity in the Patients with Spinal Cord Injury ...
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Video created by National Taiwan University for the course 工程圖學 2D CAD 專題. 本模組進入立面圖門與窗符號的繪製,你將學會如何繪製各類型式與尺寸的門窗元件,以及解決建築物體遮蔽到門窗元件的問題。 2000+ courses from schools like Stanford and Yale - no application required. Build career skills in data ...
Generally speaking, the treatment approaches at NTUH are highly dependent on the personnel in charge of that particular medical team. In both Family Medicine and PSICU, I noticed that the treatment decisions were based on a combination of evidence based medicine as well as experience based medicine. Just as in the U.S., they referred to IDSA guidelines for infections, CHEST guidelines for antithrombotic therapy, and ATPIII guidelines for high cholesterol treatment. As for experience, they referred to their attending physicians. The main difference that I found was that, often times, experience trumped evidence. Guidelines are there as a reference, however, they were not always followed. In contrast, I felt that in my rotations at UCDMC, guidelines were followed much more closely. This is an example in which the culture of Taiwan has a profound effect on the overall treatment approach of patients. The difference in culture was especially apparent towards the beginning of my time at NTUH, during ...
Patients and specimens. Fifty-four patients who underwent resection for adenocarcinoma lung cancer at the National Taiwan University Hospital between September 1994 and December 1996 were studied. This study was approved by the institutional review board of National Taiwan University Hospital. Written informed consent was obtained from all patients. Specimens of lung cancer tissue obtained at surgery were immediately snap frozen in liquid nitrogen and stored until use.. The histologic classification of these tumors was based on the WHO criteria (20). Pathologic staging was done according to the tumor-node-metastasis system for lung cancer staging (21). The patients consisted of 24 men and 30 women (mean age, 60.2 ± 10.8 years). The surgicopathologic stage of disease was I in 19 patients, II in 7 patients, III in 20 patients, and stage IV in 8 patients. Tumor status was T1 in 12 patients, T2 in 26 patients, T3 in 13 patients, and T4 in 3 patients. Twenty-four patients had no lymph node ...
One of the most important things I have learned on rotations is to look at patients as a whole and individualize their treatment. This concept is even more critical in pediatrics. In adults, slightly overestimating a dose, in most cases, will not have fatal consequences. In children, it very well can. Children cannot be treated as miniature adults. When I was working up patients on the PSICU, there were many things that I had to take into account in addition to the normal parameters, lab values, etc in an adult workup. The most basic was the patients size ie weight, height, and head circumference and the percentiles they fit into compared with others of their age. Secondly, it was important to collect an extensive maternal history, given that the patient him/herself does not a considerable past medical history. Thirdly, the normal ranges for many lab values (ie potassium, T. bili, albumin, serum creatinine) and vital signs (ie blood pressure, heart rate) changes with age. Lastly, there was a ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Determination of equivalent breast phantoms for different age groups of Taiwanese women. T2 - An experimental approach. AU - Dong, Shang Lung. AU - Chu, Tieh Chi. AU - Lin, Yung Chien. AU - Lan, Gong Yau. AU - Yeh, Yu Hsiu. AU - Chen, Sharon. AU - Chuang, Keh Shih. PY - 2011/1/1. Y1 - 2011/1/1. N2 - Purpose: Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) slab is one of the mostly used phantoms for studying breast dosimetry in mammography. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the equivalence between exposure factors acquired from PMMA slabs and patient cases of different age groups of Taiwanese women in mammography. Methods: This study included 3910 craniocaudal screen/film mammograms on Taiwanese women acquired on one mammographic unit. The tube loading, compressed breast thickness (CBT), compression force, tube voltage, and target/filter combination for each mammogram were collected for all patients. The glandularity and the equivalent thickness of PMMA were determined for each breast using ...
Liu C-J1, Chuang W-L2, Lee C-M3, Yu M-L2, Lu S-N3, Dai C-Y2, Huang J-F2, Hu T-H3, Chen C-H3, Hung C-H3, Wang J-H3, Wu S-S4, Liao L-Y5, Kuo H-T6, Chao Y-C7, Tung S-Y8, Yang S-S9, Su W-W4, Lin C-L5, Kao J-H1, Liu C-H1, Chen P-J1, Chen D-S1 1National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 3Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 4Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan; 5Taipei City Hospital, Ren-Ai Branch, Taipei, Taiwan. 6Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan; 7Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 8Chai-Yi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan; 9Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan Presented at the 60th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases 30 October - 3 November 2009, Boston, ...
The National Taiwan University have selected HKS Inc. in collaboration with J.J. Pan and Partners to design the National Taiwan University Cancer Center and Proton Center. The 1.3 million-sq ft, 500-bed cancer center includes proton therapy with four
Eur J Neurol. 2013 Dec 7. doi: 10.1111/ene.12317. [Epub ahead of print]. Chiu WC, Tsan YT, Tsai SL, Chang CJ, Wang JD, Chen PC; Health Data Analysis in Taiwan (hDATa) Research Group.. Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, National Taiwan University College of Public Health, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Psychiatry, Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan.. Abstract. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection may cause cognitive impairment, but no studies have focused specifically on cognitive impairment stemming from HCV. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential increased risk for dementia in HCV-infected patients.. METHODS: A population-based cohort study based on the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database was conducted. From all potential participants aged 50 years or more, a total of 58 570 matched (1:1) pairs of HCV-infected patients and non-HCV-infected patients ...
To the Editor: Vinnard et al. (1) reported that the risk factors associated with initial isoniazid resistance among patients with tuberculous meningitis in the United States during 1993-2005 included young age (25-34 years) and foreign birth (1). In a previous survey, conducted in Taiwan during 2000-2008, we found the rate of antituberculosis drug resistance to be lower for older patients than for younger patients (2); however, current information about the patient characteristics associated with isoniazid-resistant tuberculosis (TB) in Taiwan is lacking. Therefore, to determine the risk factors associated with initial isoniazid resistance among patients with TB in Taiwan, we conducted a retrospective study.. The study was conducted at the National Taiwan University Hospital, a 2,500-bed tertiary care center in northern Taiwan. We analyzed culture-confirmed Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates obtained from hospitalized patients during January 2000-December 2010. A nonduplicate isolate was ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Risk factors for urinary frequency in Taiwanese women aged 20-59 years. AU - Hsieh, Ching Hung. AU - Chen, Hsing Yu. AU - Hsu, Chun Sen. AU - Chang, Shao-Tung. AU - Kuo, Tsung Cheng. AU - Chiang, Chien Dai. PY - 2006/1/1. Y1 - 2006/1/1. N2 - Objective: To evaluate the risk factors for daytime urinary frequency in Taiwanese women aged 20-59 years. Materials and Methods: In 1998, there were about 5.9 million female residents aged 29-59 years in Taiwan. A random sample of 4,549 women within this age group was chosen by multistage sampling. Face-to-face interviews with 3,537 women were completed by well-trained professional interviewers within 3 months of the subjects being selected. Answers to questions about lower urinary tract symptoms, sociodemography and past histories were recorded. The factors were assessed by frequency analysis and logistic regression analysis using a significance level of less than 0.05. Results: The prevalence of daytime urinary frequency was significantly ...
Do we have an ethic of causal cognition in assessing post-vaccination harms?. 中正大學因果關係工作坊 , Sep. 10, 2010 Kevin Chien-Chang Wu 吳建昌 Department of Social Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine Department of Psychiatry, National Taiwan University Hospital Slideshow 1425561 by klaus
TY - JOUR. T1 - Risk factors for urinary incontinence in Taiwanese women aged 60 or over. AU - Hsieh, Ching Hung. AU - Hsu, Chun Sen. AU - Su, Tsung Hsien. AU - Chang, Shao-Tung. AU - Lee, Meng Chih. PY - 2007/1/1. Y1 - 2007/1/1. N2 - To determine risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) in Taiwanese women aged 60 or over, face-to-face interviews with 1,517 women, selected by a multistage random method, were completed. The prevalence of UI in this age group was 29.8%. Factors and their prevalence associated with UI were age [odds ratio (OR)=1.04 per year], diabetes mellitus (39.8%, p=0.002), hypertension (39.5%, p=0.001), abdominal gynecological surgery (41.4%, p=0.001), hysterectomy (42.4%, p=0.003), history of drug allergy (41.3%, p=0.001), smoking (45.5%, p=0.010), hormone replacement therapy (41.5%, p=0.026), and high body mass index (OR=1.05 per unit). Alcohol consumption and marriage did not increase the risk of UI. UI is a common and costly problem in elderly women. It diminishes the ...
Volunteer with North America Taiwanese Womens Association (NATWA). Find North America Taiwanese Womens Association (NATWA) volunteering opportunities at VolunteerMatch!
Before the 1980s, the application of diagnostic cytology in Taiwan was limited to exfoliative cytology, such as sputum, body fluid, and Pap test. The utilization of interventional cytology began with thyroid FNA. Prof. Tien-Chun Chang, an endocrinologist at National Taiwan University Hospital, is considered to be the pioneer of thyroid FNA in Taiwan. In 1979, he performed the first thyroid FNA on a patient with follicular thyroid carcinoma. After this initial attempt, which demonstrated promising diagnostic value, he began an on-site aspiration and cytologic diagnosis service at bedsides and in his thyroid clinic. Instead of using standard May-Grünwald-Giemsa staining, which usually takes less than 10 minutes, he applied Liu staining on cytologic smears, which produced similar staining quality for rapid diagnosis [3]. The Liu stain is a modified Romanowsky stain invented by Prof. Chen-Hui Liu in 1953 for hematologic smears. The entire staining procedure is simple and takes only 2 minutes [3]. ...
We need to create a new era in Taiwans IC industry!!. In order to promote exchange between Taiwans IC industry and academia, the NTU Systems on Chips Center held a "Power IC" forum on January 8th in the 2nd Hall of the Department of Electrical Engineering, and invited high echelon executives who are now active in Taiwans electronics industries to give talks on the future trends of development in the IC industries of Taiwan and foreign countries.. Dr. Liang-Gee Chen, Director of NTU System on Chips Center, pointed out that it was truly a rare opportunity to be able to invite four senior heavyweight chairmen to get together in NTU and to share their many years experience in the IC industry. The trends of development of the IC industry have decisive influence on Taiwans technology, and through the POWER IC forum, faculty, students and industrial members can have a better understanding of the R & D situation in the IC markets both at home and abroad. The four lecturers were: Chairman Jackson Hu ...
President Ma Ying-jeou (馬英九) is recovering well from cataract surgery performed at National Taiwan University Hospital on Saturday, a hospital spokeswoman said yesterday.
ASLAN Pharmaceuticals (ASLAN), a biotech company focused on the development of immunotherapies and targeted agents for Asia prevalent tumour types, today announced that it will be presenting at the 2017 Taiwan Drug Development & Medical Device Symposium, which will take place from 25-26 April 2017 at the National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH) International Convention Center in Taipei, Taiwan. The Company will also sponsor a lunch held in honour of VIPs and distinguished guests on 25 April.. For more information, please refer to the English or Chinese press release.. ...
The use of traditional Chinese herbal medicine and various forms of alternative medicine to maintain health among the Chinese ethnic group has had a long history and has been deeply rooted in the Chinese way of living for centuries. It has been a general belief that these therapies consist of "natural" substances and are less toxic than their western synthetic drug counterparts. However, recent reports of side effects of systemic traditional Chinese medicine, including hypersensitivity, hepatotoxicity, neurotoxicity, cardiovascular toxicity, renal failure, and contact dermatitis, have been increasing.. Since there is a high prevalence in the usage of traditional Chinese herbal medicine in Taiwan, this study examines the frequency of patients using herbal medicine whose initial diagnosis in the emergency department (ED) is acute non viral hepatitis. We, the researchers at National Taiwan University Hospital, then correlate if the cause of hepatitis is related to the use of these herbal drugs by ...
Kaohsiung is a city found in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. It is located 22.62 latitude and 120.31 longitude and it is situated at 9 meters above sea level
Omegaven is a fatty acid emulsion produced by Fresenius Kabi. It is used for total parenteral nutrition (feeding directly into a venous catheter), e.g. in short bowel syndrome. It is rich in omega-3 fatty acids. It has gained popularity in children in preference to the more commonly used Intralipid after case reports that it reduced the risk of liver damage. A recent study indicated that the use of Omegaven may be an appropriate intervention strategy for newborns with a very low birth weight, gastrochisis, and jejunal atresia. It is currently undergoing a clinical trial at National Taiwan University Hospital. Although the use of Omegaven in children in the United States is experimental, the use of it in adults in Europe is less controversial. In European studies, Omegaven has been associated with a reduction in psoriasis, when contrasted to administration of omega-6 fatty acid Lipoven. Omegaven has also been associated with reduced mortality and antibiotic use during hospital stays. Gura KM, ...
BACKGROUND/AIMS : In the past 2 years, 9 patients diagnosed as benign gastric tumor pre-operatively underwent laparoscopic wedge resection of stomach at National Taiwan University Hospital. Among them, 6 were females and 3 were males. METHODOLOGY : Histopathologically, 7 of 9 cases were of gastrointestinal stromal tumor GIST. The clinical...
Abstract The growth, mortality, and reproduction of Portunus sanguinolentus were studied using size-frequency data obtained from crabs collected in pots in the waters off northern Taiwan from October 2000 to March 2001, and October 2001 to January 2002. The Bhattacharya's method and seasonal von Bertalanffy growth curve were used to estimate growth parameters. The growth curve for males was Lt = 204.75×{1 −e -[0.87t + 0.4(0.87/2 )sin2 (t)]} and the curve for females was Lt = 194.25×{1 −e -[0.97t + 0.4(0.97/2 )sin2 (t)]}. A size-converted catch curve was used to estimate the instantaneous total mortality rate (Z), and Pauly's empirical equation was used to estimate the instantaneous natural mortality rate (M). For males, Z = 3.16/year and M = 1.65/year. For females, Z = 3.37/year and M = 1.8/year. The instantaneous fishing mortality rate (F) was 1.51/year and 1.57/year, and the exploitation rate (E) was 0.48 and 0.47 for males and females, respectively. The exponential relationships were
Dr. Wen-Bin Jian got his PhD degree in Physics from National Taiwan University, Taiwan in 2002. He then took postdoctoral researcher positions of Academia Sinica (Taiwan) in 2002 and of Advanced Materials Research Institute, University of New Orleans (New Orleans USA) in 2003. He joined Department of Physics, National Chung Hsing University as an assistant professor in August 2003. In August 2004, he was recruited as an assistant professor by Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao Tung University (NCTU). He got promoted to a full professor of Department of Electrophysics NCTU in August 2011. In 2014 summer, he got Zasshikai Lectureship, awarded by Department of Chemistry, University of Tokyo, Japan. He was appointed as the director for division of research and planning, office of research and development NCTU since February 2015 ...
學術演講與論文發表(2006-2011 ). 1. 吳建昌,司法精神醫學:倫理與法律議題。台灣精神醫學會第52屆年會,2013年11月2-3日,國防醫學院,台北,台灣。. 2. 吳建昌,從歷史與文化看自殺防治法律政策。台灣精神醫學會第52屆年會,2013年11月2-3日,國防醫學院,台北,台灣。. 3. Wu, KCC, Responsibilities and Responsibilizations in Alcohol-related Crimes: A Pragmatic Perspective, in Tokyo Conference on Philosophy of Psychiatry 2013, Sep 20-22, 2013, The University of Tokyo, Komaba, Japan.. 4. Wu, KCC, Benefit sharing in human genetic technology: A perspective of constructive comparative justice, in The ELSI of Biopharmaceutical Research, June 14, 2013, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan. 5. Wu, KCC, Linking social determinants to health: Can cultural neuroscience do the job?, in the 2013 International Cultural Neuroscience Consortium Conference, May 10-12, 2013, Northwestern University, ...
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and chronic kidney disease (CKD) have high prevalences in Taiwan and worldwide. However, the association of untreated chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains unclear. This cohort study used claims data in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database in 1996-2010, in which all diseases were classified by ICD-9-CM codes. We identified 17796 adults who had chronic HBV infection and did not take nucleos(t)ide analogues from 1998 to 2010 and also randomly selected 71184 matched controls without HBV in the same dataset. Cumulative incidences and adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) of incident CKD were evaluated through the end of 2010 after adjusting for competing mortality. The risk of CKD was significantly higher in the HBV cohort (13-year cumulative incidence, 6.2 %; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 5.4-7.1 %) than in the non-HBV cohort (2.7 %; 95 % CI, 2.5-3.0 %) (p | 0.001), and the aHR was 2.58 (95 % CI, 1.95-3.42; p |
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and chronic kidney disease (CKD) have high prevalences in Taiwan and worldwide, but the role of HCV infection in causing CKD remains uncertain. This cohort study aimed to explore this association. This nationwide cohort study examined the association of HCV with CKD by analysis of sampled claims data from Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database from 1998 to 2004. ICD-9 diagnosis codes were used to identify diseases. We extracted data of 3182 subjects who had newly identified HCV infection and no traditional CKD risk factors and data of randomly selected 12728 matched HCV-uninfected control subjects. Each subject was tracked for 6 years from the index date to identify incident CKD cases. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to determine the risk of CKD in the HCV-infected and control groups. The mean follow-up durations were 5.88 years and 5.92 years for the HCV-infected and control groups, respectively. Among the sample of 15910 subjects, 251 subjects
Background Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In Taiwan, CVD is dominated by strokes but there is no robust evidence for a causal relationship between CKD and stroke. This study aimed to explore such causal association. Methods We conducted a nationwide retrospective cohort study based on the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database from 2004 to 2007. Each patient identified was individually tracked for a full three years from the index admission to identify those in whom any type of stroke developed. The study cohort consisted of patients hospitalized with a principal diagnosis of CKD and no traditional cardiovascular risk factors at baseline (n = 1393) and an age-matched control cohort of patients hospitalized for appendectomies (n = 1393, a surrogate for the general population). Cox proportional hazard regression and propensity score model were used to compare the three-year stroke-free survival rate of
Background: Despite recent advances, acute myocardial infarction (AMI) still carries significant morbidity and mortality. The American Heart Association Get With the Guidelines program (GWTG) has improved the quality of AMI care with important implications for other countries in the world. This study evaluated the care and outcomes of AMI in Taiwan and assessed the applicability of GWTG in Taiwan.. Methods and Results: The National Health Insurance Research database (NHIRD) is derived from the claims data of the National Health Insurance program that covers over 99% of Taiwans population. By using the 1999-2008 NHIRD, we analyzed the temporal patterns of AMI care during hospitalization based on GWTG measures in Taiwan. Overall, the AMI incidence is still increasing in Taiwan. The age-adjusted incidence of AMI (/100,000 persons/year) gradually increased from 28.0 in 1999 to 44.4 in 2008 (P,0.001). Aspirin was used in 92.3% in 2004 and 92.2% in 2008 (P=NS). Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) ...
Research on Early Cataracts & Cancer Risk. Researchers reporting in the journal Cancer Science, the official journal of the Japanese Cancer Association investigated the risk of cancer after being diagnosed with early onset cataract. The researchers examined claims from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of patients with early onset cataract, aged 20-55 and also compared it to a group of the same age range without cataracts. By using powerful statistical analysis they found that the overall incidence rate of all cancers was 2.19-fold higher in the early onset cataract group as compared to those without cataracts. Further they were able to analyze where these patients were at greatest risk of developing cancer and found head and neck areas highest, followed by liver cancer and then breast cancer. This study suggests that patients with early onset cataract are at an increased risk of being diagnosed with cancer in subsequent years.. If you or someone you know is ...
Stroke is a major risk factor for osteoporosis and fractures. No study has evaluated the association between diuretic use and risk of vertebral fracture in stroke patients, although a considerable proportion of stroke patients are prescribed diuretics for hypertension. Our study aimed to investigate whether treatment with thiazides or loop diuretics affects the risk of vertebral fracture after stroke. A population-based propensity score-matched retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients with a new diagnosis of stroke between 2000 and 2011 were included. After propensity score matching, 9468 patients were included in the analysis of the effect of thiazides, of who 4734 received thiazides within 2 years after stroke. To analyze the loop diuretic effect, 4728 patients were included, of who 2364 received loop diuretics. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) of vertebral fractures among
Dr. Wei is Professor of Statistics and former Director of Graduate Programs in Statistics at Temple University in Philadelphia, PA. He has been on the faculty since 1974. He earned his B.A. in Economics from the National Taiwan University (1966), B.A. in Mathematics from the University of Oregon (1969), and M.S. (1972) and Ph.D. (1974) in Statistics from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. From 1982-87, he was the Chair of the Department of Statistics at Temple University. He has been a Visiting Professor at many universities including Nankai University in China, National University of Colombia in Colombia, National Sun Yat-Sen University, National Chiao Tung University, and National Taiwan University in Taiwan. His research interests include time series analysis, forecasting methods, statistical modeling, and their applications. He has developed new methodology in seasonal adjustment, aggregation and disaggregation, outlier detection, robust estimation, and multivariate time series analysis. ...
Yi-Ping Hung received his B.Sc. in Electrical Engineering from the National Taiwan University in 1982. He received an M.Sc. from the Division of Engineering, an M.Sc. from the Division of Applied Mathematics, and a Ph.D. from the Division of Engineering, all at Brown University, in 1987, 1988 and 1990, respectively. He is currently a professor in the Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering at the National Taiwan University. From 1990 to 2002, he was with the Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, where he became a tenured research fellow in 1997. He served as a deputy director of the Institute of Information Science from 1996 to 1997, and received the Young Researcher Publication Award from Academia Sinica in 1997. His current research interests include computer vision, pattern recognition, image processing, virtual reality, multimedia and human-computer interface.. ...
Intensive settlement began in earnest in the late 17th century, when the place was known as Ki-au (Chinese: 旗後). Opened in 1863 as a treaty port, subsidiary to the port of Anping farther north on the coast, Kaohsiung became a customs station in 1864 and then gradually became an important port for the southern Taiwan coastal plain. Kaohsiungs real economic and strategic importance began under Japanese rule (1895-1945). The Japanese needed a good port in southern Taiwan to serve those designated areas that were to become a major source of raw materials and food for Japan, and Kaohsiung was chosen. It became the southern terminus of the main north-south railway line, and from 1904 to 1907 extensive harbor works were undertaken. In 1920 the port was given the name Takao and the area became a municipality in 1920. Before and during World War II it handled a growing share of Taiwans agricultural exports to Japan, and was also a major base for Japans campaigns in Southeast Asia and the Pacific, ...
The aim of this study was to investigate whether corticosteroid use increases the incidence of repeated PVP or kyphoplasty patients older than 50 years. This study enrolled the data of 2,753 eligible patients from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database who were exposed to systemic corticosteroids for at least 3 months during the first year preceding the first PVP or kyphoplasty. These steroid users were matched 1:1 in age, sex, and the index date of surgery with non-user controls during the enrollment period. All patients were followed for 1 year after the first PVP or kyphoplasty. The incidence of repeated PVP or kyphoplasty was compared between the steroid users and controls. A Cox proportional hazards model was developed to account for multiple confounding factors. The number of patients receiving repeated PVP or kyphoplasty was 233 (8.46%) and 205 (7.45%) in the corticosteroid and control groups, respectively. The Cox proportional hazards model revealed no association between ...
AbstractBackground Laryngotracheobronchial anomalies (LTBAs) may cause respiratory problems during early childhood, and increase the risk of hospitalization or mortality in diseased children. This study investigated the initial hospitalization age and risk factors for in-hospital mortality in infants diagnosed with {LTBAs} during their first 5 years of life. Methods Hospitalized infants diagnosed with {LTBAs} were retrieved from Taiwans National Health Insurance Research Database from 2003 to 2005. Their medical claim data were traced up to 59 months of age. The age distribution of all {LTBA} cases was analyzed, and then the enrolled infants were grouped into two age groups. Hospitalization-related comorbidities and risk factors for in-hospital mortality were also analyzed. Results A total of 1272 {LTBA} cases were retrieved. Most of them (976, 76.7%) were initially hospitalized at an age of 0-3 months, and 47 infants (3.7%) died. These enrolled cases were grouped into early and late {LTBA} groups,
WESTPORT, Jan 22 (Reuters Health) - Findings from preoperative transvaginal ultrasound in patients with endometrial cancer correlate with surgical detection of lymph node involvement, according to the results of a study conducted in Taiwan. Dr. Fon-Jou Hsieh and colleagues, of National Taiwan University Hospital in Taipei, studied 42 patients with endometrial cancer who were imaged with two-dimensional color Doppler ultrasound one day before they underwent hysterectomy and dissection or sampling of pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes. All patients included in the study had "...histologic grade 2/3 or endocervical involvement" or "...tumors with grossly myometrial invasion," according to the research teams paper in the December issue of Gynecologic Oncology. Surgical results showed that 12 patients had lymph node metastases, the investigators report. The incidence of nodal metastasis was significantly correlated with tumors larger than 2.5 cm, myometrial invasion more than half the distance from ...
In summary, the researchers want to construct a longitudinal data bank using voluntary health examination participants. Researchers in the National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH) campus can utilize these data to clarify the effects of several genetic and environmental factors on various common diseases in Taiwan in the future ...
Associate Research Fellow (2014-);B.S., Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University (1992-1996);Teaching assistant, Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University (1996-1997); Ph.D., Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1997-2003);Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2003-2004);Senior Research Scientist, Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, Singapore (2004-2008); Initiative Research Scientist, RIKEN, Japan(2008-2013);Associate Chief Scientist, RIKEN, Japan(2013-2014); Visiting Undergraduate Researcher, The Scripps research Institute (1995);Adjunct Assistant Professor, Division of Materials Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (2008);Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Electronic Chemistry, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan ...
Our research area has been focusing on the fatty acids and estrogen on breast cancer and Alzheimers disease (AD). The goal is to identify a nature supplementation, fish oil enriched in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) on the prevention of both Alzheimers disease and breast cancer. We hypothesized that timing, but not the duration, of n-3 fatty acids supplementation is critical for reducing both breast cancer risk and age-related memory decline, and that n-3 fatty acids supplementation during gestation and lactation would have a greater benefit on the prevention of both diseases ...
Mahidol University (MU), an autonomous research institution in Thailand, had its origin in the establishment of Siriraj Hospital in 1888. Mahidol is among Thailands most prestigious universities with highly competitive entrance examinations.
Min-Hsiung Pan received his PhD in biochemistry and molecular biology from College of Medicine, National Taiwan University. Currently he is a Professor in Institute of Food Science and Technology, National Taiwan University. He has published 147 peer-reviewed articles in reputable journals and 16 book chapters in the past 16 years. His current research interests focus on the discovery and development of novel nutraceuticals that can be used in functional foods/dietary supplements to prevent chronic diseases such as cancer, inflammatory condition, liver fibrosis and obesity.. ...