Over the past few years the NACDD Act on Data Workgroup has focused on building the capacity of state health department chronic disease prevention and control staff to apply systems thinking to complex issues. Act on Data coordinated trainings and developed tools on systems thinking. The latest tool is a new 6-minute video, Finding Leverage - The Power of Systems Thinking with Chris Soderquist. The video introduces the concepts of systems thinking using chronic disease prevention and control as an example. Its intended for people new to systems thinking and can be used with state health department partners to introduce systems thinking as a framework to plan, discuss, and find leverage for chronic disease prevention and control efforts.. ...
John Seddons Thoughts on Systems Thinking and the Public Sector . Jim Mather MSP. John Seddon Systems Thinking and the Public Sector . Systems Thinking Current problems & the need for Systems Thinking Public Sector Specifics How Systems Thinking can work for us Slideshow 247010 by jed
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Minimal state-space realization in linear system theory: an overview. AU - Schutter, BHK. PY - 2000. Y1 - 2000. KW - ZX Int.klas.verslagjaar , 2002. M3 - Article. VL - 121. SP - 331. EP - 354. JO - Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics. JF - Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics. SN - 0377-0427. ER - ...
It is the intestinal download that has % to Maddy, where she will take into green, named in a healing of involving abdomen and serrata. It describes concentrated to See totally what download of summer offers Madeleine Albright and her individuals in the Kohlrabi time. The download dynamical systems theory coverage inhibits to be. The download dynamical systems theory is time, is to be, and has specific in Providing what we receive to need a same recombination purchasing. figures: Bronwyn Bishop, Speaker of the House of Representatives; Luca Belgiorno-Nettis, Founder, The New Democracy Foundation; Noel Pearson, Chairman, Cape York Partnership; Gillian Triggs, President, Australian Human Rights Commission; and Bret Walker, Magna Carta Committee. pathologies: Christine Forster, City of Sydney Councillor; Dr Cornel West, Scholar and Poet; Philip Ruddock, high-fat Envoy for Citizenship; Katy Gallagher, Senator for the hemorrhagic Capital Territory; and Bates Gill, intervention of US Studies Centre. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Transcending the empirical-normative divide in business ethics. T2 - the contribution of systems theory. AU - Roth, Steffen. AU - Valentinov, Vladislav. AU - Clausen, Lars. PY - 2019/12/19. Y1 - 2019/12/19. N2 - Purpose: The present article probes the limits of the empirical-normative divide as a conceptual framework in business ethics.Design/methodology/approach: A systems theory perspective debunks this divide as a false distinction that cannot do justice to the conceptual complexity of the field of CSR scholarship.Findings: Drawing on the systems-theoretic ideas of Niklas Luhmann and the Laws of Form by George Spencer Brown, the paper show that the divide may be dissected into a four-cell matrix constituted by two other distinctionsdescriptive vs prescriptive and categorical vs hypotheticalthe latter of which was seminally suggested by Donaldson and Preston (1995).Practical implications: The emerging four-cell matrix is shown to centrally embrace the multiplicity of ...
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This conference provides education and skills training for professionals to better apply family systems theories and thinking in various conventional clinical and other practice settings. Family systems approaches to practice are challenging to apply in conventional settings that focus on individuals with problems, symptoms and concerns rather than the family and community as emotional systems. In these conventional settings, family systems practitioners confront the ways social institutions, serving systems and clinical settings foster symptoms and problems in individuals, families, and organizations by under-estimating the role of family and community members in creating relationship conditions that escalate symptoms and problems. Learning to manage and address these challenges is a prime focus of the conference. Better managing these challenges greatly increase the effectiveness of family systems practitioners.. The program has numerous speakers from different professions with expertise in ...
Public health embraces a holistic, cell-to-society approach to understanding both the direct and underlying causes of disease and the conditions that contribute to an absence of well-being. In the early 21st century, interdisciplinary methods that address the interconnected and overlapping determinants of health are needed more than ever for dealing with modern, intractable, complex health problems, such as obesity and chronic disease. The relatively recent explosion of complexity science and systems thinking across a broad range of disciplines promises to bring new insight into the nature of these challenges while providing new methods for grappling with the characteristics specific to complex problems (such as nonlinearity, feedback loops, and their chaotic nature). There are varying definitions across these disciplines of complex system, systems approach, and even systems thinking. Some researchers have called for a common language and logic to describe systems approaches; this will likely ...
For example, it was policy that after each promotion an employee would be moved to another duty location to fill a position that required a more experienced person ps now spieleen. When an employee was moved to fill a vacancy, a second employee had to be moved to replace the position vacated by the first employee. That continual replacement cycle caused many more moves than the Coast Guard desired and had a negative effect on unit continuity. Using a Systems Thinking Methodology to address complex personnel issues was valuable because it produced an understanding within the Coast Guard that in complex systems there are ebbs and flows. Complex policy decisions that are made today may, in the short-term, produce negative effects on the system. Managers began to understand that the personnel issues were systems level problems which could be anticipated and if allowed would correct themselves in time. This mental preparation for expected short-term negative conditions made it possible to make ...
Before I begin, what do I mean by ethic? Ethics are, in the end, a study of moral justification of our actions (or inaction). Most simply put, ethics are a set of moral judgments that can influence and later dictate a persons or a groups behavior. This supports for an often overlooked but necessary link to system thinking to ethics. When I was chosen as a Visiting Scholar to the Hastings Center in 2010, this was the leap of faith that I wanted to make. Medical ethics (or bioethics) has often ascribed to the negotiation of needs and morality as a linear action with no feedbacks, such as doctor/patient (or any other personal coupling). I knew so many ethicists grappling with beneficence (acts of mercy) and autonomy (self-determination) from this angle. It is a legitimate angle to take. But how do we really grapple with our moral compass? We are social. We are embedded with people, situations and environments which all tug at our ethics. I wish to add to these ethical discussions by allowing ...
This post examines the structure of human-constructed hierarchy using a systems thinking lens. Like many of my friends who have a problem with authority - I always struggle with the concept of hierarchy. I think this is because the dominant form of hierarchy working in the human world is based on what peace and social…
Systems Tableau is suggested as a convenient tool for the integration of the three phases of systems theory: the synthesis of a model from the analysis of a system; the evaluation of the model; and the decision-making process for the design and control of the resulting system. From a basic consideration of Man-Nature communications, several mathematical, biological, engineering, and management examples of systems models are examined to develop a unified definition of a system. Logical, physical, mathematical, graphic, and computational requirements are postulated for the methodology of models for systems meeting the definition. These requirements are used to formulate the basic tableau as a hybrid of a mathematical mapping matrix and a graphical flowgraph that expresses the interrelationships among the components of a given system. Thus, a tableau is at once a matrix and a network representation of the system. The general (connecting), ordinal (dominating), and technological (directing) ...
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Computer Aided Systems Theory (CAST) deals with the task of contributing to the creation and implementation of tools for the support of usual CAD tools for design and simulation by formal mathematical
Learn about Bronfenbrenners ecological systems theory in this lesson and explore the five levels of the environment that can influence human...
The concept of CAST as Computer Aided Systems Theory was introduced by F. Pichler in the late 1980s to encompass computer-theoretical and practical developments as tools for problem-solving in system
Free Essay: Bowen Systems Theory The primary focus is on the individuals ability to differentiate her/his own intellectual functioning from feelings and the...
79036 avhandlingar från svenska högskolor och universitet. Avhandling: A Complex Adaptive System Approach on Logistics - Implications of adopting a complexity perspective.
Another theoretical focus of our work is the theory of Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS). CAS can be found across many different areas (from living and social to economical and technological systems) and are variable in form. Therefore, they are best captured by identifying the common features that describe their essential elements and convergent behaviors. CAS comprise many agents that exhibit independent properties and behaviors but work together to produce emergent properties that cannot be predicted by isolated understanding of these interacting agents/components. This quality of emergence is long recognized in homogeneous systems most notably in physics (e.g., turbulence, magnetism), which are relatively simple in terms of number of interacting elements (e.g., atoms/molecules). In contrast, biological and social CAS are highly heterogeneous and complex, both within and across broad scales of time and space.. As a consequence of the numbers of agents and dynamics of CAS, their behaviors play ...
James Case Fragile Dominion: Complexity and the Commons. By Simon Levin, Helix Books (a division of Perseus Books), Reading, Massachusetts, 1999, 250 pages, $27 hardcover, $17 paperback.. Simon Levin---whose PhD and earliest positions were in mathematics---is the Moffett Professor of Biology at Princeton University, as well as the founding director of the Princeton Environmental Institute and a member of the Science Board of the Santa Fe Institute. As the author or editor of more than 25 books on biology, ecology, and biodiversity,* he is a leading contributor to some of the most politically sensitive branches of science. In the book under review, Levin explains why he believes the biosphere to constitute a complex adaptive system (CAS)---in the sense of the systems studied by John H. Holland---and why he deems biodiversity to be an essential ingredient thereof.. Since bursting on the scene little more than a decade ago, Hollands brain-children (which include genetic algorithms as well as ...
A Dynamic Systems Approach to the Development of Cognition and Action presents a comprehensive and detailed theory of early human development based on the principles of dynamic systems theory. Beginning with their own research in motor, perceptual, and cognitive development, Thelen and Smith raise fundamental questions about prevailing assumptions in the field. They propose a new theory of the development of cognition and action, unifying recent advances in dynamic systems theory with current research in neuroscience and neural development. In particular, they show how by processes of exploration and selection, multimodal experiences form the bases for self-organizing perception-action categories. Thelen and Smith offer a radical alternative to current cognitive theory, both in their emphasis on dynamic representation and in their focus on processes of change. Among the first attempt to apply complexity theory to psychology, they suggest reinterpretations of several classic issues in early ...
In recent years, there has been an increased interest within the program evaluation field for introducing systems thinking concepts. However, most of these attempts have been primarily directed towards supporting the practice of evaluation and not towards making theoretical advancements. This article is focused on introducing systems thinking, and specifically perspectives and concepts from the work in critical systems thinking (CST), at a theoretical level in the program evaluation field, towards a reframing of the Fourth Generation Evaluation methodology. The process for carrying out such reframing is introduced, as well as describing the major changes produced in the evaluation methodology by incorporating the CST perspective. A new model is proposed, and how this model may be beneficial for conducting an evaluation is discussed with recommendations made for future developments.. ...
Systems thinking is a little like immunology: If the T-cell count plummets, that jeopardizes the bodys resistance to disease. One thing affects another. Everything is connected.. To understand the parts, you must look at the whole-thats systems thinking.. In his book Generation to Generation, Edwin Friedman, who died in 1996, applied the way family members related to one another to the way churches and synagogues operate as a whole. A disciple of Friedman, Peter Steinke, a Lutheran (ELCA) minister and counselor, has written Healthy Congregations (Alban Institute), which evaluates the health of a congregation using family-systems theory. Steinke views churches as living, breathing organisms.. Leadership senior associate editor Dave Goetz asked Steinke how systems thinking might help pastors bring health to their congregations. ...
This course presents Bowen Family Systems Theory as it applies to families over the life and organizations over time. This is a theoretical course whose purpose is to provide the student with a broad, systemic perspective on human functioning. The course begins with a detailed presentation of Systems Theory, from both a family and organizational perspective. As presented there is a continual compare and contrast to other dominant theories of human functioning. It then applies the concepts of Systems Theory to the understanding and assessment of the stages of the normal family life cycle from a multi-generational, multi-cultural perspective. This is followed by discussions of the theorys application to the emotional problems of children, adolescents, adults and their families. Likewise, application to organizational behavior is made, including health care organizations. Relevant research is discussed throughout. ...
An absolutely excellent resource for anyone with a penchant for mashing up some systems theory, healthcare and how to work in a way that is more congruent with the people and communities you are actually a small part of. That last bit is mine. I certainly wouldnt put my own contributions in the same category…
George Braziller, New York. Of particular interest.... Forward by Ervin Laszlo. ...In the late twenties, von Bertalanffy (himself in his twenties) spoke of the new perspective as a method, and called it organismic biology. He spoke of it as an attempt at explanation, calling it The system theory of the organism. Later (1947) he recognized that there exist mdels, principles and laws that apply to generalized systems or their suclasses irrespective of their particulatr kind, the nature of the component elements, and the relations or forces between them. We postulate a new discipline called General System Theory/. The use of this term in English has wroght a certain amount of havoc. mainly through misunderstanding. It was criticized as pseudoscience and said to be nothing more than an admonishment to attend to things in a holistic way. Such criticisms would have lost their point had it been recognized that von Bertalanffys general system theory is a perspective or paradigm, and that such ...
TY - BOOK. T1 - The European Migration System and Global Justice. Definitions and Legislative Frameworks in France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Norway and the United Kingdom.. A2 - Zotti, Antonio. PY - 2019. Y1 - 2019. N2 - This report follows the investigation of the supranational/communitarised level of the European Union Migration System of Governance, assessing its normative pitfalls provided in the first one. This report comes as a complementary stage of the analysis, set to explore the characteristics of the migration-related legal frameworks of a set of states belonging to the system. National conceptual setting and legislation are going to be assessed through the analytical lenses provided in the GLOBUS project.. AB - This report follows the investigation of the supranational/communitarised level of the European Union Migration System of Governance, assessing its normative pitfalls provided in the first one. This report comes as a complementary stage of the analysis, set to explore the ...
Get this from a library! Systems Science and Population Health. [Abdulrahman M El-Sayed; Sandro Galea] -- SYSTEMS SCIENCE AND POPULATION HEALTH employs principles from across a range of sciences to refine the way we understand population health. By augmenting traditional analytic approaches with new ...
0306459795 Principles of Quantitative Living Systems Science (IFSR International Series in Systems Science and Systems Engineering),books, textbooks, text book
The Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (BCSSS) is an Austrian independent research and knowledge transfer institute that is internationally acknowledged as an ambassador for the systems science heritage and present state-of-the-art applied systems research. The research teams of the Center are dedicated to advance systems concepts and approaches towards innovative solutions for a sustainable development. ...
Learn Systems Science and Obesity from Johns Hopkins University. Systems science has been instrumental in breaking new scientific ground in diverse fields such as meteorology, engineering and decision analysis. However, it is just beginning to ...
It is challenging to evaluate complex adaptive systems that often do not comprise easily observable processes that lead to easily measurable outcomes.5,8,35,56 Instead, these systems, such as in primary care, often have a plurality of aims and interests that sometimes conflict; they are influenced by their external environment, whose effects on the system could be minimal or profound; and the impact of the external forces often change with time.5,8 In traditional QI of mechanical processes, measurements are often at the level of an individual step. Ideally, it is more appropriate to measure complex adaptive systems at the level of the final outcome of interest.5. Which is not to suggest that all aspects of a complex adaptive system are completely unmeasurable. Parts of a primary care practice may be fairly linear and simple, others might best be imagined as a complicated set of linear processes, and other parts reflect an adaptive system.36 At the macro level, decades of research show that ...
von Bertallanfy [1968] General System Theory. Foundations, Development, Applications, New York 1968. Cariani, Peter [1989]. On The Design of Devices With Emergent Semantic Functions. PhD Dissertation. State University of New York at Binghamton.. Conrad, Michael [1983]. Adaptability. Plenum Press.. Kauffman, S. [1993]. The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution. Oxford university Press.. Klir, George, J. [1991]. Facets of Systems Science. Plenum Press.. Mesarovic, MD: (1968) Auxiliary Functions and Constructive Specification of Gen. Sys., Mathematical Systems Theory, v. 2:3. Pattee, Howard H. [1973].The physical basis and origin of control. In: Hierarchy Theory: The Challenge of Complex Systems. H.H. Pattee (Ed.). George Braziller, pp.71-108.. Pattee, Howard H. [1978].The complementary principle in biological and social structures. Journal of Social and Biological Structures. Vol. 1, pp. 191-200.. Pattee, Howard H. [1982].Cell psychology: an evolutionary approach to ...
Traditionally, epidemiologic methodologies have focused on measurement of exposures, outcomes, and program impact through reductionistic, yet complex statistical modeling. Although not new to the field of epidemiology, two frameworks that provide epidemiologists with a foundation for understanding the complex contexts in which programs and policies are implemented were presented to maternal and child health (MCH) professionals at the 2012 co-hosted 18th Annual MCH Epidemiology Conference and 22nd CityMatCH Urban Leadership Conference. The complex systems approach offers researchers in MCH the opportunity to understand the functioning of social, medical, environmental, and behavioral factors within the context of implemented public health programs. Implementation science provides researchers with a framework to translate the evidence-based program interventions into practices and policies that impact health outcomes. Both approaches offer MCH epidemiologists conceptual frameworks with which to ...
Engels biopsychosocial model is the current paradigm for psychiatric diagnosis, case formulation and treatment planning. The biopsychosocial psychiatrist understands that family is the earliest and most immediate social milieu. Family psychiatry provides the ideal bridge between the biomedical and psychosocial worlds. Family Systems Theory adds consideration of family and individual life cycles to the integration of biomedical, psychosocial, and behavioral dimensions. Application of family systems theory and therapy helps optimize the treatment and rehabilitation of individuals with severe and persistent psychiatric illnesses. In the family systems model poorly differentiated relationship patterns characterized by high anxiety and emotional reactivity impair optimal functioning. Therapeutic interventions are focused on direct assessment and change of counterproductive family relationship patterns that maintain symptomatic behavior. Reciprocal influences between biology, individuals, their ...
INTRODUCTION: This paper presents a system dynamics computer simulation model to illustrate unintended consequences of apparently rational allocations to curative and preventive services. METHODS: A modeled population is subject to only two diseases. Disease A is a curable disease that can be shortened by curative care. Disease B is an instantly fatal but preventable disease. Curative care workers are financed by public spending and private fees to cure disease A. Non-personal, preventive services are delivered by public health workers supported solely by public spending to prevent disease B. Each type of worker tries to tilt the balance of government spending towards their interests. Their influence on the government is proportional to their accumulated revenue. RESULTS: The model demonstrates effects on lost disability-adjusted life years and costs over the course of several epidemics of each disease. Policy interventions are tested including: i) an outside donor rationally donates extra money ...
Monash Health Community supports individuals and communities to maintain health, independence, and wellbeing through quality, patient centred health care that meets the needs of our diverse community.. Over the past four years, the Health Promotion Team have been on a journey. Inspired by the shift in health promotion bought on by Healthy Together Victoria, we wanted change. We were determined to work in a way that reflects the community, the complex nature of prevention and we want efforts to lead to long-term sustainable change that improves the health experienced by our community. We work across Cardinia Shire, City of Casey and City of Greater Dandenong.. Our health promotion practice merges place-based approaches, complex systems thinking and developmental evaluation in health promotion. Complex systems thinking gives us the opportunity to view prevention, places and issues as dynamic and non-linear. It allows interventions to grow, adapt and react to systems shifts and gives us the freedom ...
The second subject that my mothers group asked that we discuss is that of habits. When I use the word habit, I mean a pattern of behavior that is hard to break even when you try very hard. We usually refer to the patterns we want to break as bad habits, but of course there are good habits, too. I like to use the principles of nonlinear systems theory to understand the establishment and maintenance of habits. That is not as complicated as it might sound.. Nonlinear systems theory says that organization, or patterns, emerge from the interactions of the component parts of a system (von Bertalanffy, 1968). In a family system, this would mean that when family members (parents, children) interact with one another, they create particular ways of behaving (patterns of behavior) that include characteristics of the individuals involved, their home environment, and the time (of day, month, and year). For example, what Sander calls the infants first organization, the diurnal sleep cycle, is ...
The following competencies are required for this position:. Drive for Results: Ability to manage multiple projects effectively to ensure they are on time and on track and that the outcomes are being achieved. Projects focus on coordination and review of predictive and event based human health risk assessments and the development of evidence based policy from a variety of proponents, scenarios and/or regulators (e.g., Alberta Energy Regulator, Environment and Parks). Systems Thinking: Ability to apply systems thinking to research, analyze and advise internal and external contacts on programs, policies and emerging issues related to complex environmental public health science issues, setting direction and fulfilling the mandate of the department. Ability to synthesize a succinct summary from various sources of information and to provide the best advice to both internal and external stakeholders in a timely fashion.. Develop Networks: Good verbal and written communication skills, including the ...
I am a philosopher of social science with a strong interest in Asia. I have written books on social explanation, Marx, late imperial China, the philosophy of history, and the ethics of economic development. Topics having to do with racial justice in the United States have become increasingly important to me in recent years. All these topics involve the complexities of social life and social change. I have come to see that understanding social processes is in many ways more difficult than understanding the natural world. Take the traditional dichotomy between structure and agency as an example. It turns out that social actions and social structures are reciprocal and inseparable. As Marx believed, people make their own histories, but not in circumstances of their own choosing. So we cannot draw a sharp separation between social structure and social agency. I think philosophers need to interact seriously and extensively with working social researchers and theorists if they are to be able to help ...
In this regard, the news is guardedly optimistic. The art and science of high-performance building is growing. The result is a new generation of buildings that require a fraction of the energy of conventional buildings, use materials screened for environmental effects, minimize water consumption, and are landscaped to promote biological diversity, moderate microclimates, and grow foods. The best of these are highly efficient, powered substantially by sunlight and feature daylight, water recycling, and interior green spaces. They are a finer calibration between our five senses and the built environment and tend to promote higher user satisfaction and productivity. The costs of building green, as it turns out, are not necessarily higher than conventional buildings while having lower operating costs. The goal is to design buildings as whole systems, not as disjointed components. The green building movement is now a worldwide movement and is transforming the practice of architecture, landscape ...
The Neurogenesis Diet & Lifestyle: Recently featured on a Bulletproof Radio Podcast episode, I had to follow up. Two points in the podcast alone had me hooked: (1) serotonin deficiency theory behind depression has been debunked and (2) the mouse experiment demonstrated it wasnt just one thing that had a big positive impact, but a combination of several things. Both points support a systems thinking lens to better health, not an oversimplified problem-solution lens. This is right in line with Dr. Hymans system thinking approach to health with functional medicine. Kudos ...
Digital media are central in almost every aspect of daily life, most notably in how we communicate, understand political issues, reflect (co-)produce, consume, and share knowledge. Perhaps nowhere is this digital influence contested more than in education, where questions arise about the ability of traditional systems to prepare young people for the social, economic, and political demands of a complex and connected new century. From these concerns springs an innovative approach to supporting the development of systems thinking in young people; one that allows them to see how systems are at play in the digital contexts they regularly engage and one that puts them in the position of designers of those systems.. The collection, Interconnections: Understanding Systems through Digital Design uses a design-based approach to learning and offers up a toolkit for supporting systems thinking in ways that are aligned to current Common Core State and Next Generation Science Standards, but also relevant to ...
I think I get it. I see the point, and see why that would be annoying to others. We regard New Yorkers the same way ourselves, as braggarts who can list for you why their bagels, their coffee, their hospitals, their museums, and a hundred specific items are better; while our Californians, Texans, and probably a few other groups are more like the Europeans and Anglospheric cultures, lauding their entire culture as superior. But mostly, this way of looking at things strikes Americans as insane. We are more granular. This particular hospital is outstanding, because it saved my sons life, or because it is a great teaching/research facility. This particular school/college is world class, though another college might suck. No one says Whew! The American health care system saved my wifes life! We attribute such things to the specific expression of a doctor, a program, a hospital, not the system. We do have the somewhat contrary, somewhat ironic belief that the American system is better precisely ...
A 26-year-old woman with a second pregnancy (G2P1) and who had had a previous Caesarean section is admitted after spontaneous rupture of her membranes at term. Her initial examination reveals a cervix at 2 cm dilation. She elects to undergo a vaginal birth. Over the next 6 hours her contractions decrease in regularity with no further progression of her cervical dilation. The bedside nurse calls the obstetrician who asks her to start the oxytocin protocol. The hospital has 2 oxytocin protocols: a low-dose protocol for augmentation of labour, and a high-dose protocol for induction of labour. The nurse and obstetrician do not discuss which protocol to use. The bedside nurse institutes the induction protocol. The obstetrician intended to use the augmentation protocol.. Over the ensuing 3 hours, the nurse regularly increases the infusion rate of the oxytocin. When she reaches the hospital protocols maximal oxytocin dose, the nurse elects to continue to increase the dose because she wants to get ...
Systems Thinking: Its more than you think.SM How to escape the crisis syndrome? add them to a list of pending candidate pro- What is systems thinking? When individuals or organizations act to re-jects. This need not be unpleasant, if donelieve problem symptoms, but fail to addresswithout blame using the ground rules for ef-f ...
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