Ironman competitor Ian Kurth achieves great results from the remote triathlon swim training and coaching received by Eric Neilsen using the Vasa SwimErg.
Swimmers shoulder is a common and debilitating condition in the elite swimmer. Elite swimmers who train up to 4 hours daily can put their shoulders through as many as 1.5 million strokes per arm, per year. It is therefore no surprise that the shoulder is the most commonly injured joint in swimmers, with the prevalence in elite swimmers reported to affect at least 1 in 4 and as many as 9 out of 10. Subsequently, shoulder injuries account for the most lost time out of training for elite swimmers.. A survey conducted in 2013 on 109 of Australias elite national swimmers found that 70% of them had experienced shoulder pain at some time in their career, with 28% indicating that it is a recurrent issue and 21% noting it was an ongoing issue at the time of the survey.. Interestingly, despite advances in our understanding of Swimmers shoulder prevalence data of swimmers shoulder rates dating back to the 1980s does not appear to be showing any reduction, leading us medical professionals to believe ...
In 2014, three female swimmers were hospitalized with symptomatic exertional rhabdomyolysis (Stanfa et al., 2016). PURPOSE: To serially monitor and assess relationships between skeletal muscle damage, upper and lower body soreness, and physiological stress during the first seven weeks of high volume training in collegiate female swimmers. METHODS: 23 female NCAA D1 swimmers presented to the lab six times during 7-weeks of pre-season training. Blood was drawn at six timepoints for measurement of serum creatinine kinase (CK), myoglobin (MYO) and a complete metabolic panel. Serum cortisol (C), testosterone (T) and T/C ratio were assessed at Weeks 1 (baseline), 4 and 7. Upper body soreness (US) and lower body soreness (LS) were assessed, at the six timepoints that blood was drawn, using a visual analogue scale (0-10-inch unmarked scale). A repeated measures ANOVA with a Bonferroni correction were performed, with data reported as means±SD. Correlation analyses performed with significance set at ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Inhibition of interferon, cytokine, and lymphocyte proliferative responses in elite swimmers with altitude exposure. AU - Pyne, David B.. AU - McDonald, Warren A.. AU - Morton, Darla S.. AU - Swiggett, Jeanene P.. AU - Foster, Mareva. AU - Sonnenfeld, Gerald. AU - Smith, John A.. PY - 2000. Y1 - 2000. N2 - To determine the immunologic consequences of athletic training at altitude, blood samples were taken at rest from 10 swimmers and 8 control nontraining but altitude-exposed members of the 1996 Australian Olympic Swimming Team, near the start and completion of a 21-day training camp at 2102 m. Blood leukocyte numbers dropped in both groups (p , 0.05), with the decrease greater in the swimmers (-38% swimmers, -3% controls). Concanavalin A (ConA)-induced blastogenesis decreased in both groups (p,0.01), but the drop was greater in the control group (-32% swimmers, -56% controls, p , 0.05). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced blastogenesis more than doubled in both groups (281% ...
The Be Iron Fit time efficient training plan has been my go to plan for the past 10 years in preparing for any distance racing and it also includes a detailed Ironman Swim Training Plan within its 30-week training programs. This can be taken in isolation if you just wanting to complete a long distance… Continue Reading →
The prevalence of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) is very high in elite swimmers, reaching 80% in certain studies. Repeated Chlorine-derivatives exposure may be a major causative factor for its development. Asthma diagnosis is generally made on the basis of clinical characteristics. The demonstration of a variable bronchial obstruction through positive expiratory flow reversibility to a bronchodilator, spontaneous variations of airway obstruction or a positive provocation test (methacholine, eucapnic voluntary hyperpnoea…) is necessary to avoid false diagnosis. Currently asthma treatment in swimmers is the same as in the general population. A short-acting bronchodilator is often prescribed to avoid occasional symptoms, combined with an inhaled corticosteroid or an antagonist of Leukotriene if asthma symptoms are persistent. Previous studies have shown a reduced efficiency for asthma medication in elite athletes compared with non-athletes. The specific response to different medications remains ...
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1 can be seen in their fins. They are typically slow to moderate swimmers, and some examples include rays, bowfin, and knife fishes. The black ghost knife fish is a Gymnotiform swimmer that has a very long ventral ribbon fin. Thrust is produced by passing waves down the ribbon fin while the body remains rigid. This also allows the ghost knife fish to swim in reverse. Labriform: Labriform swimmers are also slow swimmers. They oscillate their pectoral fins to create thrust. Oscillating fins create thrust when a starting vortex is shed from the trailing edge of the fin. As the foil departs from the starting vortex, the effect of that vortex diminishes, while the bound circulation remains, producing lift. Labriform swimming can be viewed as continuously starting and stopping. Wrasses and surf perch are common Labriform swimmers Hydrofoils, or fins, are used to push against the water to create a normal force to provide thrust, propelling the animal through water. Sea turtles and penguins beat their ...
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I initially used the pool to work on technical aspects of my stroke. Later on, I progressed to using it for workouts and recovery swims. The workouts in the Endless Pool were also a great replacement for open water swims; the Endless Pool gives you that open water feeling. Having the convenience of doing it in my own backyard really helped.. This June, I competed at Ironman Cairns, and it was crucial that I had a good swim to set myself up to win and confirm my ticket to Kona. I was happy to exit the water in 47 minutes, a lot faster than the 50+ minute times I had been posting in 2014. It set me up to utilize my strength on the bike to gain an unassailable lead going into the marathon. I went on to win my second Ironman Cairns title and punch my ticket to Hawaii for the 10th consecutive year.. So thanks, Endless Pools, for helping me get back on track!. Save ...
Training for a distance swimming event is very different from training for a run or cycling event. When training for a marathon, for example, you would start out with short runs, and gradually increase your mileage each week as you build up endurance. You may work on sprints to increase speed, but overall the goal […]. Read More →. ...
For years, we have been preaching the importance of the high elbow catch (HEC) and pull.. Why?. Because it is the most efficient way to propel you forward for longer distances without damaging your shoulders.. Sprinters might go for a deep pull because it generates more power, lift, and reduction in drag, which is why sprinters typically swim with a deeper pull, but for anything beyond a 50 and you will be cooked. For endurance, the high elbow seems to be the way to go.. But just because you have a high elbow catch doesnt mean you have achieved swimming form nirvana, so what is next?. After you have perfected the HEC, you still need to focus on several key parts of your stroke.. First, you have to make sure that your body positions is still balanced in the water. Tri Swim Coach athletes know that we spend the first couple of weeks focusing on finding your balance point, without which you will literally sink in the water and increase your drag.. Even the strongest HEC will not propel you far ...
Health,London United Kingdom (PRWEB) August 30 2013 Jonny and Alistair Brownlee will square off at the PruHealth ITU World Triathlon Grand Final in London on September 15 to determine the 2013 triathlon champion. Leading up to the main event the entire weekend from September 11-15 will be a celebration of the sport as Trafalgar Square will be transformed i,Endless,Pools,to,Offer,Test,Swims,at,ITU,World,Triathlon,Grand,Final,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
I jumped on Coach Rays 12 week program to Ironman at the conclusion of Decembers Ironmaori half. This was gonna be my 2nd full distance, and after just wanting to finish last year, I was looking for a training structure to help me improve and hopefully have a better day in March. Nearing the end of week 8, I have not been disappointed. With the help of TrainingPeaks, every day of training is mapped out for you until event, handy for letting the family know what your up coming schedule looks like so you can keep the training/life balance in check. All the swim/bike/run sessions are broken down so they are easy to understand, with what you need to do to get the best out of your training day, with links to his websites that answer any questions you may have. The swimming drills that Ray gives, make you a stronger swimmer, and becoming faster is the by product of that strength. A lot of the cycling is time based, gradually building as the weeks pass. With a large portion based on heart rate and ...
Zinc exhibits antidepressant-like activity in preclinical tests (the forced swim test and tail suspension test) and in olfactory bulbectomy and chronic unpredictable stress; two models of depression.
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A single row wake structure has been observed in experiments for carangiform swimmers (Muller et al., 1997; Nauen and Lauder, 2002; Wolfgang et al., 1999) while a double row structure has been observed for anguilliform swimmers (Hultmark et al., 2007; Muller et al., 2001; Tytell and Lauder, 2004). Comparing the wake of the carangiform swimmers with the MM swimmer in case R3 (Reo=∞, Sto=0.3), which best corresponds to carangiform swimming in nature, we observe the same single row structure. The single row structure of the MM swimmer from the self-propelled simulations is similar to the single row structure of the tethered swimmer as well (Borazjani and Sotiropoulos, 2008), which is in agreement with the wake of a mackerel (Nauen and Lauder, 2002) [see Buchholz and Smits (Buchholz and Smits, 2006) for the description of the skeleton of this wake structure]. However, the wake of the LL swimmer in case R2 (Reo=4000, Sto=0.6), which best corresponds to anguilliform swimming in nature, we observe a ...
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The present study investigated the sensitivity to stress and diazepam in weaning (21-day old) Wistar rats. A single 15-min session of forced swimming was used to induce anxiety-like behavior. The group that was forced to swim exhibited...
Antidepressant-like effect of acute GLYX-13 treatment in mice. (a) Protocol for experiments using the open field test (OFT) and forced swim test (FST). The OFT
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Having to withdraw from Norseman was painful. Not so much physically painful as emotional painful. As I mention in the Race Report from Norseman 16, it did hurt a lot to bring so much fear to my loved ones. Failures are often the best ways to learn, and the bigger the failure the steeper and…
although swim much better this time around, thought i would feel much stronger for this second tri due to my ability to train up to event without injury. felt strong in swim training. didnt want to go into survival mode, but felt as though i did. although i did more freestyle than last year, wasnt able to do freestyle throughout. Im glad it was an improvement, but realize more work to be done. still dont see how event swim time was on par with training time ...
The actual temperature on race day is generally somewhere in the high 60s - perfect for otters and children, but a bit chilly for most adults. Consequently most participants wear a wetsuit. A wetsuit also adds buoyancy which can help compensate for any potential lack of swim training.. If you choose to rent or purchase a wetsuit I recommend that you consider one made for swimming. Our sponsor, Train-or-Tri, can answer any questions you might have on the topic. If you choose to wear that Miami Vice themed wetsuit from your high school waterski days, can I suggest you pair it with a pair of Wayfarer classics and a little Bob Seger. ...
Number of swim sessions per week available 2. This is a Pre Season Triathlon swim training plan lasting 8 weeks. This plan is designed for any athlete
Clinical studies have shown that therapeutic potential of SSRIs is limited in children (Kirsch et al., 2008). Similarly, we previously found that the antidepressant-like response to SSRIs in juvenile mice is limited compared with adult mice (Mitchell et al., 2013, 2016). As an alternative to SSRIs, we began our study by evaluating the antidepressant-like response to DMI, a potent NET blocker, in SERT+/+ P21, P28, and P90 mice. Using the TST, we found that DMI reduced immobility time in all age groups [F(3,276) = 35.06, P , 0.01], and younger mice spent overall less time immobile than adult mice [F(2,276) = 19.73, P , 0.01] (Fig. 1A). An interaction between age and DMI dose showed that younger mice are more sensitive to the anti-immobility effects of DMI than adults [F(6,276) = 2.34, P = 0.03]. Post hoc analysis revealed that immobility time was significantly lower in P21 mice than in P28 and P90 mice after administration of 10 mg/kg DMI (P , 0.01), and immobility time was lower in P21 mice than ...
Description: This course for advanced swimmers (those who have mastered intermediate swimming skills) covers proper technique specific to the four competitive strokes, proper training protocols, and training design. It emphasizes proper stroke technique of freestyle, backstroke, breaststroke, and butterfly, as well as underwater efficiency in diving, turns, and breakouts for all competitive strokes. It also introduces more advanced swim training protocols, drills, and workout designs ...
Description: This course for advanced swimmers (those who have mastered intermediate swimming skills) covers proper technique specific to the four competitive strokes, proper training protocols, and training design. It emphasizes proper stroke technique of freestyle, backstroke, breaststroke, and butterfly, as well as underwater efficiency in diving, turns, and breakouts for all competitive strokes. It also introduces more advanced swim training protocols, drills, and workout designs ...
The Tri Bikini Top is a high quality bikini top perfect for all swim training. Mix and match with your preferred pant. Designed to stay in place during intense workouts and withstand any endurance performance.
Today, Stancil serves as a commissioner on two of Riversides city boards: human relations and disabilities. Shes also an ordained minister who even has a pulpit set up in her house. Next to it is a long dining table for fellowship.. She has two main goals in life: To try and get older people to get off the couch. I dont care if you dont swim. You can walk; you can play tennis; you can play pickup ball; you can bowl - do something in your life. And take somebody else with you.. Her second goal: to prevent adults and kids from drowning. She holds two swim clinics a year as part of her Vivian Stancil Olympian Foundation, which also helps seniors and youth participate in athletics.. Were here for a purpose. Were not just here for ourselves. Were here to encourage one another.. Stancil points out seven people drowned in Riverside in August - a particularly deadly month. This deeply disturbs her. Stancils clinics focus on teaching people how to float by doing the starfish. If you can at ...
PubMed journal article: Involvement of 5-HT1A receptors in the antidepressant-like effect of adenosine in the mouse forced swimming test. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
When first I learned about Leanne Shaptons Swimming Studies, I anticipated delicately written and visual riffs on swimming, a topic dear to me. I didnt realize that Shapton, best known for her art direction and illustrations for The New York Times, was a serious competitive swimmer as a teenager growing up in the Canadian city of Mississauga. What Swimming Studies reveals is how those experiences have guided her, have in fact infiltrated her adult life on a molecular level it seems. Like Shapton, I too was a competitive swimmer. Unlike her, Ive never won an officiated competitive race and my times certainly never qualified me for Olympic trials, like hers did. I came to swimming as a kid who loved the water. By default of not being very good at any other sports I ended up on the swim team in middle school and then discovered water polo, drawn to the sports splashing full-body-contact. I joined the water polo team in high school and for a few summers played in a league. Because most water ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Acute Amino Acid d -Serine Administration, Similar to Ketamine, Produces Antidepressant-like Effects through Identical Mechanisms. AU - Wei, I. Hua. AU - Chen, Kuang Ti. AU - Tsai, Mang Hung. AU - Wu, Ching Hsiang. AU - Lane, Hsien Yuan. AU - Huang, Chih Chia. PY - 2017/12/13. Y1 - 2017/12/13. N2 - d-Serine is an amino acid and can work as an agonist at the glycine sites of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR). Interestingly, both types of glutamatergic modulators, NMDAR enhancers and blockers, can improve depression through common targets, namely alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionaic acid receptors (AMPARs) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). To elucidate the cellular signaling pathway underlying this counterintuitive observation, we activated NMDARs in rats by using d-serine. Saline, ketamine (NMDAR antagonist), and desipramine (tricyclic antidepressant) were used as controls. The antidepressant-like effects of all agents were evaluated using the forced ...
Baker, E. and B.B. Collette. 1998. Mackerel from the northern Indian Ocean and the Red Sea are Scomber australasicus, not Scomber japonicus. Ichthyol. Res. 45(1): 29-33.. Canales, C.R. 2006. Investigación, evaluación de stock y CTP Caballa 2005 - Fase II. nforme Final - Instituto de Fomento Pesquero: 42.. Caramantin-Soriano H, Vega-Pérez LA, Niquen M. 2008. Growth parameters and mortality rate of the Scomber japonicus peruanus (Jordan & Hubb [sic]) 1925) along the Peruvian coast, South Pacific. Brazil. J. Oceanogr. 56(3): 201-210.. Castro Hernández, J.J. and A.T. Santana Ortega. 2000. ynopsis of biological data on the chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus Houttuyn, 1782). FAO Fish. Synop. 157: 77.. Collette, B.B. 1995. Scombridae. Atunes, bacoretas, bonitos, caballas, estorninos, melva, etc. In: W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter, V.H. Niem (ed.), Guia para la identification de especies para los fines de la pesca, pp. 1521-1543. FAO, Rome.. Collette, B.B. 1999. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Carbamoylated erythropoietin produces antidepressant-like effects in male and female mice. AU - Sampath, Dayalan. AU - McWhirt, Joshua. AU - Sathyanesan, Monica. AU - Newton, Samuel S.. PY - 2020/1/10. Y1 - 2020/1/10. N2 - Major depressive disorder and related illnesses are globally prevalent, with a significant risk for suicidality if untreated. Antidepressant drugs that are currently prescribed do not benefit 30% of treated individuals. Furthermore, there is a delay of 3 or more weeks before a reduction in symptoms. Results from preclinical studies have indicated an important role for trophic factors in regulating behavior. Erythropoietin (Epo), which is widely prescribed for anemia, has been shown to produce robust neurotrophic actions in the CNS. Although Epos antidepressant activity has been successfully demonstrated in multiple clinical trials, the inherent ability to elevate RBC counts and other hematological parameters preclude its development as a mainstream CNS drug. A ...
Pectoral fins are one of the major features of locomotor design in ray-finned fishes and exhibit a well-documented phylogenetic transition from basal to derived clades. In percomorph fishes, the pectoral fins are often used to generate propulsive force via oscillatory movements, and pectoral fin propulsion in this relatively derived clade has been analyzed extensively. However, in the plesiomorphic pectoral fin condition, exemplified by sturgeon, pectoral fins extend laterally from the body in a generally horizontal orientation, have been assumed to generate lift to balance lift forces and moments produced by the heterocercal tail, and are not oscillated to generate propulsive force. The proposal that pectoral fins in fishes such as sturgeon generate lift during horizontal locomotion has never been tested experimentally in freely swimming fishes. In this paper, we examine the function of pectoral fins in sturgeon swimming at speeds from 0.5-3.0 Ls-1, where L is total body length. Sturgeon were studied
MnemonicDictionary.com - Meaning of scomber japonicus and a memory aid (called Mnemonic) to retain that meaning for long time in our memory.
The effects of water temperature and ammonia concentration on swimming capacity of brook charr (Salvelinus fontinalis, Mitchill, 1814) were determined by measuring gait transition speed (Ugt, cm/s), maximum burst speed (Umax, cm/s), tail-beat amplitude (a, cm), tail-beat frequency (f, Hz), maximum acceleration of bursts (Amax, cm/s2), number of bursts, distance of bursts (cm) and total swimming distance (cm) in a 4.5 m long experimental raceway with increasing upstream water velocity. Temperatures other than the acclimation temperature of 15 °C signi!cantly reduced swimming characteristics of gait transition, i.e. Ugt and Amax, while increased ammonia concentration reduced the measures of swimming after Ugt: Umax, the relationship between f and swimming speed above Ugt, a, Amax and the distance travelled with each swimming burst above Ugt. This study, using a novel raceway set-up shows various effects of temperature and ammonia exposure on the swimming performance of brook charr and can be used to
were the still and moving wave gauge data. First, the wave gauge remained stationary over the horizontal bottom of the flume and recorded water surface elevations with time. Data were collected for two minutes at a frequency of 60 Hz to analyze wave height and period. Secondly, the carriage which supported the wave gauge was slowly moved down the length of the deep water section of the tank. Moving the wave gauge slowly as the waves propagated past allowed for detection of reflected waves in the tank as described by Dean and Dalrymple (1991). The wave gauge was first slowly moved opposite the direction of wave propagation, and then back in the direction of wave propagation. Again, the data was collected for a length of two minutes at a frequency of 60 Hz. The third set of data collected by the wave gauge was not common to all runs. By slowly moving the wave gauge through the surf zone portion of the tank, the wave set-up could be determined. It was hoped to corroborate the wave set-up measured ...
There is growing evidence that neuropeptide Y acting through Y1 and Y2 receptors has a prominent role in modulating anxiety- and depression-like behavior in rodents. However, a role of other Y receptors like that of Y4 receptors in this process is poorly understood. We now investigated male Y2, Y4 single and Y2/Y4 double knockout mice in behavioral paradigms for changes in motor activity, anxiety and depression-like behavior. Y4 and Y2 knockout mice revealed an anxiolytic phenotype in the light/dark test, marble-burying test and motor-activity independent in stress-induced hyperthermia, and reduced depression-like behavior in the forced swim and tail suspension tests. In Y2/Y4 double knockout mice, the response in the light/dark test and in the forced swim test was further enhanced compared to Y4 and Y2 knockout mice, respectively. Motor activity was increased in Y2, Y4 and Y2/Y4 knockout mice under changing and stressful conditions, but not altered in a familiar environment. High levels of Y4 ...
A study of body waves in fractured porous media saturated by two fluids is presented. We show the existence of four compressional and one rotational waves. The first and third compressional waves are analogous to the fast and slow compressional waves in Riots theory. The second compressional wave arises because of fractures, whereas the fourth compressional wave is associated with the pressure difference between the fluid phases in the porous blocks. The effects of fractures on the phase velocity and attenuation coefficient of body waves are numerically investigated for a fractured sandstone saturated by air and water phases. All compressional waves except the first compressional wave are diffusive-type waves, i.e., highly attenuated and do not exist at low frequencies. ...
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This study constitutes the first direct observations of a cephalopod manipulating air obtained from the water surface as a means of attaining neutral buoyancy. The method by which the female argonaut captures and manages air is a complex, multi-phase behavioural sequence. By rocking the shell at the surface to capture air and then sealing off the air with the arms, the female argonaut is capable of capturing a larger volume of air than would be possible with a passive shell at the surface. This larger volume of air allows argonauts to maximize the depth at which they attain neutral buoyancy. This increase in depth may allow the argonaut to avoid surface wave action and predation from above (i.e. from birds).. It is proposed here that previous captive observations may have failed to reveal the specific mechanism by which argonauts attain neutral buoyancy because the aquaria used to house the argonauts have been too shallow. Female argonauts attain neutral buoyancy by capturing a large volume of ...
Open water endurance swimming at the English Channel Swim level requires physical, mental, and nutritional endurance, training your body to become an engine.
Insulin and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) receptor signaling pathways differentially modulate cardiac growth under resting conditions and following exercise training. These effects are mediated by insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) and IRS2, which also differentially regulate resting cardiac mass. To determine the role of IRS isoforms in mediating the hypertrophic and metabolic adaptations of the heart to exercise training, we subjected mice with cardiomyocyte-specific deletion of either IRS1 (CIRS1 knockout [CIRS1KO] mice) or IRS2 (CIRS2KO mice) to swim training. CIRS1KO hearts were reduced in size under basal conditions, whereas CIRS2KO hearts exhibited hypertrophy. Following exercise swim training in CIRS1KO and CIRS2KO hearts, the hypertrophic response was equivalently attenuated, phosphoinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activation was blunted, and prohypertrophic signaling intermediates, such as Akt and glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β), were dephosphorylated potentially on the basis of ...
Leopard shark: Leopard shark, (Triakis semifasciata), small shark of the family Triakidae found in shallow water along the Pacific coast of the United States. A slim, narrow-headed shark with small, three-cusped teeth, it grows about 90 to 150 centimetres (3 to 5 feet) long. It is gray, distinctively marked with
A 6 °C increase in temperature resulted in significant increases in Umax,c and COTnet in S. japonicus. Standard metabolic rate (SMR) was expected to vary with temperature, but did not, possibly because the fish were acclimated to their respective temperatures or because of the relatively small temperature difference and the large error associated with extrapolation to obtain the SMRs. The only other comparable energetics data for mackerel are from Shadwick and Steffensen (2000), who estimated SMR at 14-15 °C for S. japonicus using procedures similar to those in the present study. Their values (90-120 mg O2 h-1 kg-1 for 145-199 g fish) fall within the range that we measured for similar-sized fish (85-290 mg O2 h-1 kg-1 for 145-179 g fish at 18 °C and 95-177 mg O2 h-1 kg-1 for 144-156 g fish at 24 °C). Thus, when estimated by extrapolation to zero speed, there seems to be little measurable change in SMR between 14 and 24 °C for S. japonicus when fish are acclimated to the respective ...
English: The development of sports institutions and High Performance Centres are on the increase worldwide and also in South Africa. These hotels and athlete villages can provide unsuitable food choices and lack of supervision may further encourage poor eating patterns among young swimmers. A swimmers diet needs to be adequate in the essential nutrients to support his energy expenditure during training, pre-competition, competition and recovery. The mean ages for elite swimmers fall into the stage of puberty; and this also has an influence on nutrient requirements. The body composition of a swimmer as well as the percentage body fat has a direct relationship with body drag, because body fat increases the resistance of the body in the water. Physiological adaptations of the body take place when an efficient training programme is followed in combination with adequate nutrition. The purpose of this study was to determine: a) the body composition (including the body mass index (BMI), percentage ...
CSS/100m 1 45-2 00. Number of swim sessions per week available 4. This is a Middle Distance Triathlon swim training plan for the Build phase, lasting
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Whether or not pterosaurs could swim, or how well they could swim, is a recurrent discussion among those interested in flying reptiles. For the most part, palaeontologists have seemed happy to assume that pterosaurs were aquatically capable, at least long enough to permit their escape from water, because so many pterosaur fossils occur in coastal or marine sediments. Moreover, some long-known specimens show evidence of pterosaurs feeding on aquatic prey. Odds are that pteroaurs would end up in water some of the time, even if only by accident, so it makes sense that they could at least keep themselves afloat for a while. Plus, virtually all tetrapods can swim one way or another, including bats and bird species which, on first principles, seem ill-suited to aquatic locomotion. Pterosaurs might be a bit strange, but theyd have to be very strange not to be capable of at least limited aquatic locomotion ...
E. A. Gulko, A. F. Kushnir, and P. A. Troitskiy Abstract Mapping sources of seismic radiation due to scattering of body waves at sharp inhomogeneities within the Earth is treated in this paper as a statistical estimation problem. The case is studied where the experimental data are records of a small-aperture seismic array providing a high coherence of body wave signals. By scanning all points of a given volume in the medium the problem is reduced to estimating the power of seismic radiation from a given point. Several estimating algorithms are proposed, most of them depending on matrix power spectral density (MPSD) of body wave signals at array sensors. Only those algorithms have practical value whose performance is not impaired when the true MPSD is replaced by its sample estimate. These algorithms evaluate the power of scattered radiation and suppress coherent body waves which interfere with scattered waves and hinder estimation of its power. Synthetic data based on real records of NORSAR ...
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A newborns shoulders and hips are narrow, the abdomen protrudes slightly, and the arms and legs are relatively short. The average birth weight of a full-term newborn is approximately 7 ½ lbs.(3.2 kg), but is typically in the range of 5.5-10 pounds (2.7-4.6 kg). The average total body length is 14-20 inches (35.6-50.8 cm), although premature newborns may be much smaller. The Apgar score is a measure of a newborns transition from the uterus during the first minutes of life. A newborns head is very large in proportion to the rest of the body, and the cranium is enormous relative to his or her face. While the adult human skull is about 1/8 of the total body length, the newborns is about 1/4. At birth, many regions of the newborns skull have not yet been converted to bone, leaving soft spots known as fontanels. The two largest are the diamond-shaped anterior fontanel, located at the top front portion of the head, and the smaller triangular-shaped posterior fontanel, which lies at the back of ...
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Investigate shear banding, turbulence, and flow instabilities and visualize flow fields via digital Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) & rheological tests.
As the most commonly used system in the industry, Parshall Flumes are designed for permanent flow monitoring installations. See the benefits of Parshall Flumes.
Stay spoil algae and E. coli.The people of Kiev are temporarily not recommended to swim in the capitals bodies of water: in all 11 Kiev beaches there
For pool swim training endurance and building up the speed is of the essence as is energy reserves lasting as long as possible. A3 Performance with its Bodimax brand. A3 Performance was founded by Dan and Amy Meinholz in 2004 as a proprietary brand of All-American Aquatics - a national swim team dealer headquartered in Wisconsin.. The latest development comes in the form of A3 Bodimax training sleeves, consisted of a compression fabric sleeve that will enhance training and increase energy. The sleeve improves health, energy, and overall well-being through training by creating a new level of fabric-skin interaction through the inclusion of a Far Infrared Yarn, Innergy from NILIT.. Absorbing the body heat and returning it to the body in the form of far infrared rays. These rays penetrate the skin and stimulate blood microcirculation, cellular metabolism, and thermoregulation. Studies prove that Bodimax Technology increases blood microcirculation by 92 per cent (when worn for 60 wears, 30 minute ...
Purpose: Despite indications of positive effects of sauna (SAU) interventions, effects on performance recovery are unknown. The aim of the current study was to investigate acute effects of SAU bathing after an intensive training session on recovery of swim performance. Methods: In total, 20 competitive swimmers and triathletes (3 female and 17 male) with a minimum of 2 y of competition experience (national level or higher) participated in the study. Athletes completed an intensive training session followed by either a SAU bathing intervention or a placebo (PLAC) condition in a randomized order. SAU consisted of 3 × 8 min of SAU bathing at 80-85°C, whereas during PLAC, athletes applied a deidentified, pH-balanced massage oil while passively resting in a seated position. Prior to training, swimmers conducted a 4 × 50-m all-out swim test that was repeated on the following morning. Furthermore, subjective ratings of fatigue and recovery were measured. Results: Swimmers performed significantly ...
Included are the latest techniques used by some of the worlds fastest swimmers and new methods of stroke measurement. The extensive coverage of training in Part I begins with a discussion of basic physiology and energy metabolism, equipping you with background information necessary to fine-tune your individual training techniques. Youll find information on special topics, including female swimmers, masters swimmers, and training in various age groups, plus coverage of the anaerobic threshold theory of endurance training, systematic approaches to using energy systems in training, and seasonal planning.
Included are the latest techniques used by some of the worlds fastest swimmers and new methods of stroke measurement. The extensive coverage of training in Part I begins with a discussion of basic physiology and energy metabolism, equipping you with background information necessary to fine-tune your individual training techniques. Youll find information on special topics, including female swimmers, masters swimmers, and training in various age groups, plus coverage of the anaerobic threshold theory of endurance training, systematic approaches to using energy systems in training, and seasonal planning.
In HOWTO Write a basic training system, I said we would progress from the structure of a simple one hour or more training system to devising a more comprehensive swim training plan. A long time ago I wrote a post on introducing interval training to swimming and another on heart rate zones, that one really only included…
We are three lovely ladies who enjoy a challenge, share smiles and aim to make a positive impact on life. Continuing our swim training at the quarry throughout the winter both suited and in skins at 6 degrees Celsius, we thought we should step out of our comfort zone once again. Since initiating the swoosh we have learnt much ...
More than just a sport, Swimming is also an important life skill. Knowing how to swim allows you to participate in fun water activities such as scuba diving, kayaking and surfing while staying safe in the water.. At Fun Splash, we have coached adults from having zero swimming skills to being capable of swimming at least 100m without any aid. Therefore, no matter which level you are currently at, our Adult Swimming Programme will be designed according to your learning needs.. To provide a pleasant learning environment for our female swimmers, we also conduct private classes with our female swimming instructor. ...
Wassermann-San Blás, Bruno John. Céramicas del antiguo Perú de la colección Wassermann-San Blás. Buenos Aires: Bruno John Wassermann-San Blás, 1938, no. 64, p. 207 ...
Wassermann-San Blás, Bruno John. Céramicas del antiguo Perú de la colección Wassermann-San Blás. Buenos Aires: Bruno John Wassermann-San Blás, 1938, no. 568, p. 344 ...
There are no flip-turns in an open water swim so why spend time learning how to flip-turn? There are no breaks in an open water swim as well. Most triathletes, especially beginners, spend way too much time at the wall during open turns that it mimics a mini-break. Most triathletes dont do flip-turns because they are harder to do. Thats why I didnt do them for a long time.. Open turns can hurt your swim technique. Think about. As you approach the wall you lift your arm to touch the wall and then push-off. Does that sound like good swim technique to you? What about the added stress of lifting your arm to grab the brim of the wall? Each pool has a slightly different wall structure. The YMCA pool I swim at has a high wall brim and if I open turn I have to lift my arm up high adding stress to my shoulder joint. Imagine that over and over again? Ouch!. Flip-turns add fluidity and smoothness to swimming. Think about it. Stroke, stroke, stroke, flip-turn, stroke, stroke… No breaks, just swimming. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The mechanism of vortex connection at a free surface. AU - Zhang, Chiong. AU - Shen, Lian. AU - Yue, Dick K.P.. PY - 1999/4/10. Y1 - 1999/4/10. N2 - Vortex connections al the surface are fundamental and proouncnc features to free-surface vortical flows. To understand the detailed mechanism of such connection, we consider, as a canonical problem, the laminar vortex connections at a free surface when an oblique vortex ring impinges upon thai surface. We perform numerical simulations of the Navier Stokes equations with viscous free-surface boundary conditions. It is found that the key to understanding the mechanism of vortex connection at a free surface is the surface layers: a viscous layer resulting from the dynamic zero-stress boundary conditions at the free surface, and a thicker blockage layer which is due to the kinematic boundary condition at the surface. In the blockage layer, the vertical vorticity component increases due to vortex stretching and vortex turning (from the ...
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STATIC SWIM SAS is a French company based in Toulouse, Midi-Pyrénées (France) that specializes in the design and fabrication of sports equipment for resistance swimming.. STATIC SWIM SAS equipment are sold online on the site www.staticswim.com.. STATIC SWIM SAS works with many competitive swimmers, fitness and rehabilitation centres to develop the concept of resistance swimming by offering a new and effective product ...
Open water swimmers transitioning from the pool will have some new equipment variables: primarily this is about a wetsuit, but even goggles and a swim cap have to be reconsidered.. Wetsuit. Since most swimming in open water is colder than the average pool, a wetsuit becomes necessary for insulation, especially for longer swims, since the average body temperature of 37°C, is about 15-20° warmer than most Northern hemisphere swims. A wetsuit has other advantages as well: A wetsuit improves floatation, which is an added safety feature for open water swimmers, and it improves the body position. Most open water swimmers have faster swim times in open water due to wearing a wetsuit for this reason.. A wetsuit however can have some potential problems, especially for newbie open water swimmers. There can be a feeling of chest and/or neck constriction to get comfortable with, and this may be worsened if the wetsuit is ill-fitting, which commonly happens when someone borrows a friends wetsuit. Given ...
Fourteen nationally competitive swimmers (11 male, 3 female; age 21.2 ± 3.2 y) recorded daily monitoring over 15 mo. The self-report group (n = 7) reported general health, energy levels, motivation, stress, recovery, soreness, and wellness. The combined group (n = 7) recorded sleep quality, perceived fatigue, total quality recovery (TQR), and heart-rate variability. The week-to-week change in mean weekly values was presented as coefficient of variance (CV%). Reliability was assessed on 3 occasions and expressed as the typical error CV%. Week-to-week change was divided by the reliability of each measure to calculate the signal-to-noise ratio. The diagnostic characteristics for both groups were assessed with receiver-operating-curve analysis, where area under the curve (AUC), Youden index, sensitivity, and specificity of measures were reported. A minimum AUC of .70 and lower confidence interval (CI) ,.50 classified a good diagnostic tool to assess performance change. ...
PROGRAM: BIOSIM FILENAME: SWIM.channel.description PURPOSE: description of all parameters used in the SWIM.channel file 47 parameter ************************************************************************************************************************/ SWIM_NA_E - equilibrium potential of sodium channel SWIM_NA_G - conductance of sodium channel SWIM_Form_Alpha_M - form parameter for gate variable m, alpha term SWIM_AalphaM - rate constant SWIM_V0alphaM - half maximum potential SWIM_BalphaM - step width SWIM_Form_Beta_M - form parameter for gate variable m, beta term SWIM_AbetaM - rate constant SWIM_V0betaM - half maximum potential SWIM_BbetaM - step width SWIM_M_POWER - power of gate variable m SWIM_M_INITIAL - initial value of gate variable m SWIM_Form_Alpha_H - form parameter for gate variable h, alpha term SWIM_AalphaH - rate constant SWIM_V0alphaH - half maximum potential SWIM_BalphaH - step width SWIM_Form_Beta_H - form parameter for gate variable h, beta term SWIM_AbetaH - substitudes ...
Definitions of behaviors. The behavioral criteria by which we scored behavioral transitions were designed to both accurately reflect the nature of the transitions and make it easier for a human observer to score them objectively and reliably. Accordingly, behavior was analyzed in terms of three main behavioral states: forward, reversal, and omega turn; these three states accounted for 98% of total observation time in our experiments. A fourth state, called other, was used for the rare instances in which behavior fell into none of the three main categories. The forward state was defined as anterior translation of the body associated with a head-to-tail body wave. The reversal state was defined as caudal translation of the body associated with a tail-to-head body wave. The omega-turn state was defined as head-to-body contact with the head moving forward. Note that our classification scheme omits deep bends, which resemble omega turns, except that there is no contact between head and tail. This ...
The first matter you desire to do is shed the weight. You would like to do a buoyancy check ahead of and after a dive to right tune the number of weight the fact that you actually need. Really even more important to do it on clear today so can establish that you do possess enough weight to have an individual floating eye-level on vacant BCD. You should set out to sink once you carbonate air flow out of your own bronchi. By being over-weighted for a dive, the idea will cause you to use whole lot more energy and possess a harder time accomplishing neutral buoyancy. Along with the extra exertion you will consume or perhaps use more air inside your tank. This may limit the amount of time an individual can actually dive. The alternative of this is certainly not having ample weight. This particular can make your jump miserable. Continually having to be able to move yourself down or even maintain something to from lowest enjoy the jump a little more. On this, you to use even more strength and take in ...
InstaSwim offers private at home swim lessons in Pembroke Pines, FL. Certified mobile private swim instructors travel to your home or public pool in your area to teach all ages including babies, children, kids, toddlers, and adults! Learn to swim at home with our private at home swimming lessons.