For the third meeting of the Youth Suicide Prevention Community of Practice (CoP), the guest speakers presented about two populations at increased risk for youth suicide and shared strategies to reduce these risks. The meeting was moderated by Erica Streit-Kaplan, CSN Technical Assistance Specialist. Barri Faucett, MA of the Adolescent Suicide Prevention and Early Intervention (ASPEN) program addressed suicide prevention and intervention efforts for rural communities. She identified obstacles and barriers unique to rural populations as well as review potential success strategies for interventions. Nathan Belyeu, of The Trevor Project provided an overview of the Trevor Projects education programs including suggestions for including LGBTQ specific information in gatekeeper education and best practices for suicide prevention education with youth. The Trevor Project is the leading national organization providing crisis intervention and suicide prevention services to lesbian, gay, bisexual, ...
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among college students in the United States. Western Michigan University is committed to providing information and training to prevent suicide. WMUs Suicide Prevention Program offers many opportunities for you to gain awareness about the prevalence and impact of suicide, and learn how you may be able to prevent suicide. Click here for more information on our workshops.. This website is part of WMUs Campuswide Suicide Prevention Program in collaboration with the community. WMU is a grantee of the Garrett Lee Smith Memorial Act from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.. For more information about suicide prevention at Western Michigan University, please email [email protected] ...
Suicidology Online 2012; 3:42-50. ISSN 2078-5488 Commentary Youth Suicide as a Wild Problem: Implications for Prevention Practice Jennifer White School of Child and Youth Care University of Victoria Submitted to SOL: 5th January 2012; accepted: 22nd May 2012; published: 6th June 2012 Abstract: The intent of this article is to explore the idea that youth suicide which is conceptualized here as an unstable, historically contingent, and unruly problem cannot be solved, nor contained, through an exclusive reliance on pre-determined, universal or standardized interventions. Informed by a constructionist perspective, social problems like youth suicide are understood as constituted through language and other relational practices. Based on a close reading of the mainstream school-based suicide prevention literature it is argued that youth suicide has largely been constructed as a tame problem, and this in turn places certain limits on what might be thought, said or done in response. By re-imagining ...
Suicide Prevention Data Center.. Mississippi Youth Suicide Prevention Project. Mississippis Youth Suicide Prevention Project, will be utilized to support Mississippi in strengthening and implementing statewide youth suicide prevention strategies through collaboration with youth-serving institutions and agencies such as educational institutions, providers of substance abuse prevention and treatment programs, providers of mental health programs, and community based coalitions reaching out to at-risk youth throughout our state. The population of focus will include youth, ages 15-24, throughout MS. The population of focus will also include community level gatekeepers throughout MS. Available, approachable, and accessible community level gatekeepers that blend public and private entities are key to motivating entire communities to take action to prevent youth suicide and promote good mental health. This project seeks to develop broad based support for youth suicide prevention from community level ...
A Report of the U.S. Surgeon General and of the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention - This report presents an overview of a national strategy designed to guide suicide prevention activities over the next decade. It describes the need for a national suicide prevention strategy, its overall goals, and objectives based on four strategic directions (SAMHSA, 2012).. National Strategy for Suicide Prevention 2012: How You Can Play a Role in Preventing Suicide - A Report of the U.S. Surgeon General and of the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention. This fact sheet offers strategies for suicide prevention. It provides facts about suicide, including its prevalence and at-risk populations. This resource also lists warning signs of suicidal behavior, and describes how to help someone who is at risk for suicide (SAMHSA, 2012). ...
A mass media campaign intended to help prevent suicides in California is reaching a majority of the states adults and appears to be increasing their confidence about how to intervene with those at risk. In addition, an assessment of a companion suicide prevention program finds that the long-term impact could be the prevention of at least 140 deaths and 3,600 suicide attempts per year over the next three decades.
Researchers from Canada found that the overall suicide rate (by any means) in Toronto reduced after a barrier was erected at one particular bridge known for a high suicide rate, but suicides from jumping remained the same.. Restricting peoples access to a means of suicide can delay and prevent suicide such as in the UK where switching to carbon monoxide-free sources of gas was successful in reducing suicide numbers.. Suicide barriers erected to prevent jumping have been established at the Empire State Building in the USA, the Eiffel Tower in France, and bridges worldwide. No study so far, however, has shown that a suicide barrier has led to a statistically significant drop in overall suicide rates in an area.. Researchers from Toronto studied the impact of the erection of a suicide barrier at the Bloor Street Viaduct, the bridge with the worlds second highest annual rate of suicide by jumping after Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco.. The barrier was constructed between April 2002 and June ...
Toronto Transit Continues Award-Winning Suicide Prevention Program, TTC renews, extends suicide prevention program, Off-duty driver hijacks Capital Metro bus, kills self, Off-duty CapMetro driver commits suicide on bus, TTC rail suicide hotline making a difference, TTC awarded for suicide prevention programs
Over the past few decades, the official national suicide rate in China has dramatically declined from 24.3/100 000 in 1997 to 6.75/100 000 in 2015.5 8 20 21 In the last several decades, research has focused on the exceptionally high suicide rate among rural individuals in China, but recently, studies have shown a dramatic decrease in suicide rates, especially among rural communities.7 8 Our results have also found that the suicide rates in the rural population have declined over recent years. In Zhejiang province, the age-adjusted suicide rate among rural females has declined from 9.66/100 000 in 2006 to 3.27/100 000 in 2016, and the age-adjusted suicide rate among rural males has decreased from 12.30/100 000 in 2006 to 5.73/100 000 in 2016. Previous studies have attributed this rapid decline in suicide rates among the rural community to economic growth, increased employment rates and more educational opportunities for the rural population.7 8 In addition, suicide rates among the urban community ...
Evaluation of Suicide Prevention Program Implementation in Veterans Health Administration Facilities, January-June, 2009 (Website or Online Data) : United States
There is evidence indicating that traditionally male-dominated occupations are associated with greater risk of suicide. In Australia, MATES in Construction was developed as an occupational health initiative to prevent suicides in the industry. The program has recently been applied to the energy industry; however, little is known regarding exposure to suicide and suicide prevention interventions in this sector. The study aimed to examine the effectiveness of MATES in Energy general awareness training (GAT), and estimate the prevalence of recent suicidal ideation and exposure to suicidal behaviors in workers. A before and after design was used to examine the effectiveness of GAT training. Data were collected from 4887 participants undertaking GAT training at energy sites across Queensland, Australia. In total, 2% (97) of participants reported recent suicidal thoughts, 65% of participants reported they had known someone who had attempted suicide, and 69% had known someone who died by suicide. Significant
This report is the first WHO publication of its kind and brings together what is known in a convenient form so that immediate actions can be taken. It aims to increase the awareness of the public health significance of suicide and suicide attempts, to make suicide prevention a higher priority on the global public health agenda and to encourage and support countries to develop or strengthen comprehensive suicide prevention strategies in a multisectoral public health approach. For a national suicide prevention strategy, it is essential that governments assume their role of leadership, as they can bring together a multitude of stakeholders who may not otherwise collaborate. Governments are also in a unique position to develop and strengthen surveillance and to provide and disseminate data that are necessary to inform action. This report proposes practical guidance on strategic actions that governments can take on the basis of their resources and existing suicide prevention activities. In ...
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among adolescents and young adults ages 10 to 34 years in the United States.20 This study is the first large-scale study of adolescents to reveal the prevalence of suicide behaviors (the key antecedents of death by suicide) across diverse gender identities. Building on evidence from a state-level population study3 and community-based studies,6,12 our findings empirically reveal the strong association between identifying as transgender and suicide risk. In this study, between 30% and 51% of transgender adolescents reported engaging in lifetime suicide behavior; notably, this finding is consistent with some previous research revealing suicide risk among transgender populations.5,8-10 Beyond providing additional and robust evidence for a disparity in suicide behavior for transgender and questioning adolescents, our study is also a direct response to the calls from the National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine)1 and others11 to ...
Walsh: inspiring young man pleads with peers toappeal for help if facing suicidal thoughtsA terminally ill Irish teenager has made headlines and been dubbed a national hero after penning an emotional plea to prevent young teens taking their own livesIreland suffers from one of the highest youth suicide rates in the European Union, with a recent report published this January showing that 165 young men took their own lives last yearDonal Walsh (16) is fighting cancer for the third time in four years, but has said that while he is sensitive to the challenges faced by those suffering from mental health problems, the ongoing youth suicide problem makes him angry and despair
Welcome to the Congress I am pleased to invite you to participate in the 2013 IASR World Congress on Suicide, which will be held in beautiful Montreal from June 10 to 13. Suicide has a terrible toll on most, if not all, societies around the world. Although we have made significant progress over the last decades in our understanding of risk factors for suicide, as well as in intervention and prevention strategies, much has yet to be learned and remains to be done. The 2013 IASR World Congress is the first of its kind. It is the first meeting of the International Academy for Suicide Research (IASR), organized by the Quebec Suicide Research Network (RQRS), in partnership with the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention (AFSP), and in collaboration with the Association québécoise de prévention du suicide (AQPS), the Canadian Association for Suicide Prevention (CASP) and the Fédération Trauma Suicide Liaison Urgence (TSLU). This meeting will provide an inspiring forum for high level discussions on
Although suicide clusters have been identified in many populations, research exploring the role of online communication in the aftermath of a suicide cluster is extremely limited. This study used the Consensual Qualitative Research method to analyze interviews with ten high school students 1 year after a suicide cluster in a small suburban school district. Interviewees responses were organized into four domains: The Suicide, Impact, Perceptions of School Environment, and Recovery. The role of social networking emerged as a common theme across domains, suggesting broad relevance to adolescents experience following the suicide of a peer. Implications for clinical intervention, research, and school policies in the response to student suicides are discussed.
Edmonton/Chicago/Washington DC (With Files from CBS/MSN/Global/Guardian) - Recently CBS and MSN released a story on the suicide rate among American farmers. Farmers are dying by suicide at a higher rate than any other occupational group, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.. The US suicide rate in the field of farming, fishing and forestry is 84.5 per 100,000 people-more than five times that of the population as a whole. Thats even as the nation overall has seen an increase in suicide rates over the last 30 years.. Other countries have seen this issue, too-including India, where 60,000 farmer suicides have been linked to climate change.. Back in January, Global released info that was brought up at the the annual FarmTech Conference in Edmonton. The room where the mental health discussion was nearly at capacity. When asked who has been affected by suicide and would they stand up, barley anyone in the room of close to 400 people were left sitting.. Interesting to note ...
Suicide was the 11th leading cause of death in the United States.. It was the 8th leading cause of death for males, and 19th leading cause of death for females.. The total number of suicide deaths was 30,622.. The 2001 age-adjusted rate** was 10.7/100,000 or 0.01%.. 1.3% of total deaths were from suicide. By contrast, 29% were from diseases of the heart, 23% were from malignant neoplasms (cancer), and 6.8% were from cerebrovascular disease (stroke) - the three leading causes.. Suicides outnumbered homicides (20,308) by 3 to 2.. There were twice as many deaths due to suicide than deaths due to HIV/AIDS (14,175).. Suicide by firearms was the most common method for both men and women, accounting for 55% of all suicides.. More men than women die by suicide.. The gender ratio is 4:1.. 73% of all suicide deaths are white males.. 80% of all firearm suicide deaths are white males.. Among the highest rates (when categorized by gender and race) are suicide deaths for white men over 85, who had a rate of ...
Male farmers in France are 20 percent more likely to take their own lives than the rest of the population, a new report says, with financial pressures as well as social isolation among the possible causes of the high suicide rate.
July 22, 2014 - In its efforts to better understand suicide among all its components, the Department of Defense released its first quarterly suicide report (QSR), today, for the four quarters of 2013. The report summarizes suicide counts and annual rates for the active component, reserves, and National Guard. Additionally, the QSR shows calendar year 2013 quarterly suicide counts, annual suicide counts, and annual suicide rates for each of the services. It also reports 2012 annual counts and annual rates as published in the departments 2012 Suicide Event Report (DoDSER) annual report.. The Department of Defense considers one loss to suicide too many, and will continue to do everything possible to prevent suicide in our military. The QSR is intended to communicate the departments suicide data on a routine and frequent basis. A breakdown of 2013 suicide counts by quarter and resources for service members and their families, who may be facing challenges, can be found at: DoD Quarterly Suicide ...
Three cohorts have participated in outcome evaluations of the SOS suicide prevention program to assess its effects on help-seeking, attitudes toward depression and suicide, and suicidal behavior. The first two cohorts consisted of 25 public state high schools in Massachusetts, Georgia, and Connecticut. The third cohort consisted of 9 middle schools and 10 high schools from outside of Connecticut with high proportions of military dependants.. Hypotheses:. H1: Exposure to the SOS program will be significantly associated with lower rates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts; greater levels of help-seeking; greater knowledge of and more adaptive attitudes toward depression and suicide; and increased communication with and perceived support from peers.. H2: The reduction in suicide attempts among youths exposed to the program can be explained by increases in knowledge about depression and suicide, more favorable attitudes regarding suicide, and improved communication with and support from ...
Suicide is a worldwide phenomenon. This review is based on a literature search of the World Health Organization (WHO) databases and PubMed. According to the WHO, in 2015, about 800,000 suicides were documented worldwide, and globally 78% of all completed suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries. Overall, suicides account for 1.4% of premature deaths worldwide. Differences arise between regions and countries with respect to the age, gender, and socioeconomic status of the individual and the respective country, method of suicide, and access to health care. During the second and third decades of life, suicide is the second leading cause of death. Completed suicides are three times more common in males than females; for suicide attempts, an inverse ratio can be found. Suicide attempts are up to 30 times more common compared to suicides; they are however important predictors of repeated attempts as well as completed suicides. Overall, suicide rates vary among the sexes and across lifetimes, whereas
CLEARWATER, FLORIDA, UNITED STATES, February 13, 2018 /EINPresswire.com/ - The Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR) of Florida, a non-profit mental health watchdog that exposes human rights violations and is dedicated to the protection of children, is holding an open house this month at their center located at 109 N. Fort Harrison Avenue in downtown Clearwater to bring attention to alarming suicide statistics and the apparent connection between antidepressants and the reliance on suicide risk assessments.. Every 12 minutes in the U.S., someones life ends from suicide - an average of 44,965 people yearly - making it the 10th leading cause of death for Americans. In 2015 alone, according to the Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), suicide deaths were more than double those due to homicides, which means for every murder reported in the news, there were at least 2 other deaths that occurred due to suicide. In response to these alarming statistics, the Florida chapter of CCHR is ...
These findings do not seem to be artefactual given that the models controlled for identified ecological risk factors for suicide. Importantly, a consistent dose-response relation emerged. The models correctly identified known factors associated with suicide rate changes, particularly the artefactual decrease in male suicide during the second world war and the increase in female suicide during the 1960s sedative epidemic. The positive association between suicide risk and conservative governments also remained after analyses excluded the periods where conservative and Labor governments coincided with observed suicide increases and decreases known to be associated with other factors. The positive association between conservative governments and increased suicide risk was also evident when pre-second world war and post-second world war periods were examined separately, and when age specific analyses were carried out. In short, the trend of increasing suicide risk from Labor to conservative ...
October 5, 2017. National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention (NAASP). Two newly released reports show that suicidal ideation and attempt rates remained stable for adults age 45-64 most years between 2009-2014, although suicide deaths increased for that age group during the same time frame, and that suicide rates continue to be higher in rural areas. This new data is critical to national prevention efforts and provides greater context about suicide, such as who is at highest risk of suicidal behavior, including suicidal ideation and attempts.. The National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention (Action Alliance) - the nations public-private partnership with 250+ partners - is committed to reducing the suicide rate 20 percent by 2025. To achieve this goal, quality and timely data is needed to better identify characteristics and patterns of suicidal behavior and develop and implement targeted prevention strategies. The Action Alliance is pleased to highlight data released by two of its federal ...
As Mr. Rae stated, each day in Canada, ten people will die by their own hand. Suicide is the second leading cause of death among adolescents. Men between the ages of 25-29 and 40-45 years are also particularly vulnerable to suicide. Suicide rates amongst aboriginal populations are a national scandal! Other groups that are disproportionately affected are the elderly, inmates in prisons, and the mentally ill. Bob Rae stated that suicide is a result of mental illness. I agree, but assisted suicide proponents are apt to disagree. They like to promote the ridiculous myth of rational suicide. ASSISTING SUICIDE. A legal challenge is being mounted by the British Columbia Civil Liberties Association against Canadas laws prohibiting assisted suicide. They are acting, in part, for the family of euthanasia activist Kay Carter who developed spinal stenosis and went to Switzerland for assisted suicide, and ALS sufferer Gloria Taylor (63) who also wants assisted suicide. If the legal challenge is successful ...
The rapid rise in suicide rates above 15 per lakh persons for teenaged males generated great public concern in Australia in the 1980s. Considered a crisis level, this led to an intense study of the causes of youth suicide as well as intensive efforts to devise public health programmes to assist young people at the risk of suicide. Reaching a peak in 1991, teenage male suicide rates have fallen steadily and are now less than 10 per lakh. In India, youth suicide rates vary greatly between states for males and females. For young males, suicide rates in 28, and for females in 12 states and union territories were at or above the crisis level. Yet there has been virtually no public recognition of the level or seriousness of youth suicide ...
Suicide is a preventable cause of death. After about two centuries of research in suicide prevention, the effectiveness of a number of interventions has been demonstrated and various risk factors have been placed in perspective. Thus, it is no longer acceptable to state blandly that there is no convincing evidence for the effectiveness of suicide prevention measures… and, even more importantly, … the unacceptable rate of suicide worldwide can be reduced.1. WHO estimated that 877 000 deaths were due to suicide in the year 2002,2 the majority of which (85%) occurred in low- and middle-income countries.3 Attempted suicide can be up to 40 times more frequent than completed suicide.4,5 Many of those who attempt suicide require medical attention and they are at high risk for completed suicide.6-8 Self-inflicted injuries represented 1.4% of the global burden of disease in 20022 and are expected to increase to 2.4% by 2020. As suicide is among the top three causes of death in the population aged ...
Presented by Ryan M. Hill, Ph.D.. Dr. Hill will present information on suicide risk assessment procedures and protocols and describe a model for conceptualizing suicide risk levels. Case examples will be presented and attendees will develop skills for conceptualizing suicide risk. In the second half of the presentation, Dr. Hill will describe methods for managing suicide risk following a risk assessment and will introduce the Safety Planning Intervention.. As a result of this activity, attendees will be able to ...
This report gives an overview of suicide prevention strategies used in Alaska. It provides background information on the suicide epidemic within the state, and explores the effectiveness of recent suicide prevention efforts. It also highlights data on suicide rates among American Indians and Alaskan Natives. ...
Age-specific rates of suicide in the United States consistently have been highest among older persons. However, the overall suicide rate for persons aged greater than or equal to 65 years had been declining from the 1940s (the first full decade when the entire continental United States entered the death registration area) until the 1980s (1), before increasing during 1980-1992. In 1992, persons aged greater than or equal to 65 years accounted for 13% of the population but almost one fifth of all suicides. From 1980 through 1992, overall suicide rates increased for persons in only two age groups: 5-19 years and greater than or equal to 65 years (2). This report summarizes trends in suicide among persons aged greater than or equal to 65 years from 1980 through 1992 (the most recent year for which final data are available) and indicates that the risk for suicide among older persons has started to steadily increase after years of decline. Suicides among older persons were identified using CDCs ...
Although suicidal behaviour is a rare event in society in general, it is very common among psychiatric patients who contact their general practioner (GP) before the suicide event. The most common current psychiatric diagnosis among suicide victims and attempters is major depressive episode (56-87 per cent). The current prevalence of major depressive episodes in GP practice is around 10 per cent, but at least half of these cases are not recognized and treated adequately by GPs. Successful acute and long-term treatment of depression significantly reduces the risk of suicidal behaviour. Given that more than half of all suicide victims contact their GPs within four weeks before their death, GPs play an important role in suicide prevention. Several large-scale community studies demonstrate that education of GPs on the diagnosis and appropriate pharmacotherapy of depression, particularly in combination with psychological interventions and public education, improve the identification and treatment of ...
Male suicide rates are at their highest level in two decades and there are fears it will rise still further in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic.
All major mental disorders carry an increased risk of suicide.[29] However, 90% of suicides can be traced to depression, linked either to manic-depression (bipolar), major depression (unipolar), schizophrenia or personality disorders, particularly borderline personality disorder. Comorbity of mental disorders increases suicide risk, especially anxiety or panic attacks.[24] Anorexia nervosa has a particularly strong association with suicide: the rate of suicide is forty times greater than the general population.[29] The lifetime risk of suicide was 18% in one study, and in another study 27% of all deaths related to anorexia nervosa were due to suicide.[30] The long-term suicide rate for people with schizophrenia was estimated to be between 10 and 22% based upon longitudinal studies that extrapolated 10 years of illness for lifetime, but a more recent meta-analysis has estimated that 4.9% of schizophrenics will commit suicide during their lifetimes, usually near the illness onset.[31][32] Risk ...
A research team led by Associate Professor of Community Health Education Lisa Wexler collaborated on a recently published feasibility study of a community-based intervention aimed at preventing youth suicide among Indigenous Alaskans.
Do our earliest experiences change our brains? According to findings from a Canadian autopsy study this may be the case. Researchers measured the hippocampal expression of the glucocorticoid receptor gene NR3C1 in the brains of 12 suicide completers with a childhood history of severe trauma, 12 suicide completers with no early childhood trauma, and 12 controls who did not experience trauma during childhood and died accidentally. The researchers found a link between altered expression of a glucocorticoid receptor gene in suicide completers and severe childhood abuse. Those who experienced severe childhood trauma and were suicide completers had significantly greater methylation of the genes promoter region, which ultimately results in less receptor activity and gene transcription. The study was a replication of an animal epigenetic model measuring the promoter region of a rat homologue of NR3C1; infant rats that were not groomed regularly were found to have increased methylation of this region. ...
Do our earliest experiences change our brains? According to findings from a Canadian autopsy study this may be the case. Researchers measured the hippocampal expression of the glucocorticoid receptor gene NR3C1 in the brains of 12 suicide completers with a childhood history of severe trauma, 12 suicide completers with no early childhood trauma, and 12 controls who did not experience trauma during childhood and died accidentally. The researchers found a link between altered expression of a glucocorticoid receptor gene in suicide completers and severe childhood abuse. Those who experienced severe childhood trauma and were suicide completers had significantly greater methylation of the genes promoter region, which ultimately results in less receptor activity and gene transcription. The study was a replication of an animal epigenetic model measuring the promoter region of a rat homologue of NR3C1; infant rats that were not groomed regularly were found to have increased methylation of this region. ...
Approximately 95 percent of completed suicides are associated with mental illness.10 Naked suicide, by itself, does not suggest a specific mental disorder. As noted above, individuals who jump to their deaths naked may be psychotic. The psychodynamics of a naked suicide often remain opaque.. Naked suicide suggests a variety of psychological themes. The shedding of clothes may symbolize a new beginning, a rebirth and cleansing, or a sloughing off of the world. In the biblical description of Christs resurrection, his clothes, a symbol of an unregenerate world, were left behind as he ascended into heaven.11. Anger and vengeance can be expressed by completing suicide while naked, especially when it is intended to traumatize a survivor. The shock of discovering a naked suicide inflicts an indelible, traumatic memory that can haunt a survivor for a lifetime.12 The person who completes suicide while naked may intend to add insult to a suicide survivors already devastating injury.. In severely ...
It should be noted that some people who die by suicide do not show any suicide warning signs. But about 75 percent of those who die by suicide do exhibit some suicide warning signs, so be aware of what the suicide warning signs are and try to spot them in people. If we do see someone exhibiting suicide warning signs, we need to do everything that we can to help them. ...
Introduction. Transfer-Encoding: chunked Explain Christian views on suicide. [35] In a broad sense suicide can be defined as, ?the act of intentionally ending your life.? However, there are many different types of suicide. Durkheim identified four kinds: egoistic suicide, which is the result of feeling one?s life is meaningless; altruistic suicide, the act of giving one?s life for the greater good; anomic suicide, the result of a major social change that disrupts a person?s sense of order; and fatalistic suicide, the results of excessive regulation, when one?s future is pitilessly blocked by oppressive discipline, such as in a prison or dictatorship. Christians believe that all life is sacred, and therefore the vast majority of denominations are against all forms of suicide. In examining the reasons behind this, a good place to start is the Christian teaching on the sacredness of human life. Christians believe in the sanctity of life, meaning that all human life is created in God?s image and ...
BACKGROUND: Although suicide rates among prisoners are high and vary between countries, it is uncertain whether this reflects the importation of risk from the general population or is associated with incarceration rates. METHODS: We collected data on suicides and undetermined deaths in 12 countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, England and Wales, Finland, Ireland, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Scotland, and Sweden) directly from their prison administrations for 2003-2007. These were compared with rates of suicides in the general population separately by gender using Pearsons correlations. In addition, they were compared with rates of incarceration. Linear regression was used to examine any association after adjustment for rates of incarceration. RESULTS: Data were collected on 861 suicides in prison, of which 810 were in men. In the men, crude relative rates of suicide were at least three times higher than the general population. Western European countries had similar rates of prisoner
Suicide is an act or gesture of self-infliction with the intention to take ones own life (Mazza, 2006). Mazza (2006) suicidal behavior theory includes three stages. The first is suicidal ideation, which it is the thoughts of suicides by the individual to a more critical condition of suicide behavior (Mazza, 2006). The second is suicidal intent, it is the intention of the individual at the time of suicide attempt to the yearning of death (Mazza, 2006). Thirdly is suicide attempts, this is when the individual does self-inflicting injuries behavior for the intention of causing death (Mazza, 2006). Krug, Mercy, Dahlberg, Zwi and Lancet (2002), estimated 1.6 million death in 2000 and half of it were caused by suicide. Adolescents is the age group that is most common with suicide attempt (Evans, Hawton, Rodham and Deeks, 2005) and in 2002, World Health Organization (WHO) projected that it is the age group with the highest risk of suicide in both developed and rising countries . According to Lin ...
Our findings indicate that the distribution of demographic and mental health characteristics that are known to be risk factors for suicide is relatively similar among adolescents who live in homes with versus without firearms. The exceptions to this finding include characteristics that have been accounted for in the prior case-control study by Brent and colleagues (eg, urbanicity). Given this, it is not surprising that when we quantify confounding we find that it is unlikely to materially change the previously reported estimate that living in a home with a firearm increases adolescents suicide risk over fourfold, with the most conservative of our sensitivity analyses suggesting an updated estimate closer to threefold. As such, our findings add another analytic dimension of empirical evidence to the assertion that the effect of firearm availability on adolescents suicide risk is not merely non-null, but meaningfully large in magnitude.. The current study also points to next questions that can ...
Three interventions designed for follow up of patients who are identified with suicide risk in hospital emergency departments save lives and are cost effective relative to usual care. A study led by researchers at the National Institute of Mental Health modeled the use of the approaches in emergency departments and found that all three interventions compare favorably with a standard benchmark of cost-effectiveness used in evaluating healthcare costs.
This 818 word essay is about Suicide, Seppuku, Assisted suicide, Youth suicide, Suicidal ideation, Suicide methods, Suicide legislation. Read the full essay now!
Means reduction, reducing the odds that a suicide attempter will use highly lethal means, is an important component of suicide prevention.[29] This practice is also called means restriction. Researchers and health policy planners have theorized and demonstrated that restricting lethal means can help reduce suicide rates, as delaying action until depression passes.[30] In general, strong evidence supports the effectiveness of means restriction in preventing suicides.[31] There is also strong evidence that restricted access at so-called suicide hotspots, such as bridges and cliffs, reduces suicides, whereas other interventions such as placing signs or increasing surveillance at these sites appears less effective.[32] One of the most famous historical examples, of means reduction, is that of coal gas in the United Kingdom. Until the 1950s, the most common means of suicide in the UK was poisoning by gas inhalation. In 1958, natural gas (virtually free of carbon monoxide) was introduced, and over ...
There is increasing concern that the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic could harm psychological health and exacerbate suicide risk. Here, based on month-level records of suicides covering the entire Japanese population in 1,848 administrative units, we assessed whether suicide mortality changed during the pandemic. Using difference-in-difference estimation, we found that monthly suicide rates declined by 14% during the first 5 months of the pandemic (February to June 2020). This could be due to a number of complex reasons, including the governments generous subsidies, reduced working hours and school closure. By contrast, monthly suicide rates increased by 16% during the second wave (July to October 2020), with a larger increase among females (37%) and children and adolescents (49%). Although adverse impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic may remain in the long term, its modifiers (such as government subsidies) may not be sustained. Thus, effective suicide prevention-particularly among vulnerable
TY - JOUR. T1 - The close link between suicide attempts and mixed (bipolar) depression. T2 - Implications for suicide prevention. AU - Balázs, Judit. AU - Benazzi, Franco. AU - Rihmer, Zoltán. AU - Rihmer, Annamária. AU - Akiskal, K. K.. AU - Akiskal, H. S.. PY - 2006/4/1. Y1 - 2006/4/1. N2 - Background: Previous reports have shown a significant relationship between suicide ideation and mixed depression. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and clinical characteristics of mixed depression among non-violent suicide attempters. Methods: Using a structured interview (modified Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview) and assessing all the symptoms of 16 psychiatric diagnoses, the authors examined 100 consecutive nonviolent suicide attempters (aged 18-65) within 24 h after their attempts. Mixed depression was defined as a major depressive episode (MDE)/dysthymic disorder plus 3 or more co-occurring hypomanic symptoms, according to the definition validated by Akiskal and ...
In November 2007, the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention (AFSP), along with the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association and the Suicide Prevention Resource Center, addressed these issues at a national conference on LGBT suicide in Chicago. AFSP and its partner organizations are now developing recommendations to address the need for professional and public education on these topics as well as treatment and suicide prevention initiatives specifically targeting LGBT persons. AFSP is also currently funding two research projects related to suicide in LGBT youth, and is committed to supporting further research on suicide and suicide risk in LGBT populations across the lifespan ...