Resins, coatings, dyes and inks dominated the market and accounted for 20.8% of the total succinic acid consumption in 2011. With 13.0% share of total volume consumed in 2011, pharmaceutical industry was the second largest application segment for succinic acid. Succinic acid demand is primarily a function of growth in application industries such as paints & coatings, infrastructure, food, footwear, medical, cosmetics, and automotive. Bio-based succinic acid, which has significant potential as a platform chemical, particularly substituting maleic anhydride, is expected to provide huge market opportunity for the players in the market, with a number of companies already in pilot and demo-scale projects for bio-succinic acid production ...
China Supply Food Additive 110-15-6 Succinic Acid, Find details about China Succinic Acid, Acid from Supply Food Additive 110-15-6 Succinic Acid - Weifang Bochuang Chemical Co., Ltd.
China Food Additive 110-15-6 Succinic Acid, Find details about China Acid, Succinic Acid from Food Additive 110-15-6 Succinic Acid - Weifang Bochuang Chemical Co., Ltd.
A preliminary study has been performed for the valorization of citrus peel waste (CPW) through the biorefinery platform aiming to produce succinic acid. Following extraction of essential oils and pectin, different conditions of dilute acid hydrolysis were evaluated based on estimation of the sugars liberated and subsequent fermentation of hydrolyzates for production of succinic acid by Actinobacillus succinogenes. The most suitable pretreatment conditions involved 116 degrees C for 10 min using 5% (w/v) of dry raw material (drm). Thus, a total sugar (ts) yield of 0.21 g(ts) g(drm)(-1) and a succinic acid (sa) yield via microbial fermentations of 0.77 g(sa) g(tsc)(-1) was achieved, while the use of lower solid contents resulted in higher sugar yields. The residues from dilute acid hydrolysis were applied for subsequent enzyme hydrolysis using commercial enzymes and the most suitable combination of enzyme units included 30 IU cellulases and 25 BGL beta-glucosidases achieving a yield of 0.58 g(ts) ...
Sentence Examples with the word succinic acid: Two acids corresponding to this empirical formula are known - namely ethylene succinic acid, H0 2 C CH 2 CH 2 CO 2 H and ethylidene succinic acid CH3 CH(C02H)2.;…
High Quality Succinic Acid Supplier, FOODCHEM is Top Succinic Acid Supplier and Manufacturer in China for more than 10 years, Buy Succinic Acid Food Grade and Feed Grade at Foodchem
Company delivers on promise to come on-stream before years end, using unique and proprietary low-pH yeast technology to make Biosuccinium™ with best-in-class environmental footprint.. Reverdia, the joint venture between life sciences and materials sciences company DSM and Roquette Frères, a global producer of starch and starch-derivatives, has begun operations in Cassano Spinola, Italy, at a commercial-scale plant producing Biosuccinium™ sustainable succinic acid. The plant, which has a capacity of about 10,000 tonnes/yr, is unique in its kind, being the worlds first dedicated large-scale plant for the production of succinic acid from renewable resources. It is also the only commercial facility to benefit from experience gained using low-pH yeast technology on a demonstration plant scale; Reverdia regards this as essential to be able to promise further improvements in product quality.. Key applications for Biosuccinium™ include polybutylene succinate (PBS), polyester polyols for ...
Popular Products of Pharmaceutical Grade Bio Based Succinic Acid For Bio Butyric Anhydride by Bio Based Succinic Acid - shandong landian biological technology co.,ltd from China.
Lists the various brand names available for medicines containing succinic acid. Find information on succinic acid use, treatment, drug class and molecular formula.
Succinic acid definition, a colorless, crystalline, water-soluble solid, C 4 H 6 O 4 , used chiefly in the manufacture of lacquers, dyes, and perfume. See more.
Escherichia coli has been extensively developed for bio-based production of a wide variety of organic acids, including succinic acid (SA) [1, 2]. Although high yields of SA have been successfully achieved using E. coli as hosts on both laboratory and commercial scales [2-4], cells suffering from osmotic stress during fermentation remains a major barrier for hyper SA production. One of the main causes of osmotic stress is a high initial sugar concentration in the medium, which is beneficial for simplifying the carbon source feeding process. However, induced osmotic pressure also negatively impacts robustness and propagating fecundity of the bacterial cells. Alkali is usually added during SA fermentation to maintain the medium at a neutral pH [4, 5]. SA accumulates as the dissociated form, disodium succinate, which further aggravate the osmotic stress.. The molecular mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effect due to osmotic stress can be summarized in two aspects. First, since sugar molecules ...
Aerobically cultivated cells of Corynebacterium glutamicum produce mixed organic acids, including succinic acid (SA), from glucose when the cells are transferred to oxygen-deprived conditions. Genetic modification, including inactivation of lactate dehydrogenase and overexpression of pyruvate carboxylase, allows this microbe to be an efficient SA producer under the conditions of oxygen deprivation. High productivity and high titers can be achieved in the production process by using the genetically engineered strain of C. glutamicum under the given conditions. However, glucose consumption for cell preparation decreases process yield (defined as the quantity of SA produced divided by the total quantity of glucose used in cell preparation and SA production). In this study, we investigated cell recycle fed-batch fermentation for SA production to improve the process yield by reducing the effect of glucose consumption for cell preparation on the process yield. A genetically stable and markerless strain,
Succinate adapted cells were created by growing continuous cultures of the wild-type cells. The culture media was changed every 10 turnovers (100 hr) with the succinate concentration gradually increased by 0.11M. The continuous culture reached a steady-state at which point the succinate concentration was 0.592M. The cells were then harvested for DNA microarray analysis ...
亚博手机网页版登录_亚博官网娱乐app下载_亚博体育yabo88在线亚博手机网页版登录有非常高级的游戏组合服务,您可以根据个人兴趣爱好,任意玩亚博手机网页版登录不同的游戏,例如德州扑克,21点,足球,篮球等多元化娱乐平台。
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice ...
Health,Albany New York (PRWEB) October 02 2013 Transparency Market Research has released a market report titled Succinic Acid Market for 14-BDO Resin Coatings Dyes & Inks Pharmaceutical Polyurethane Food Plasticizers Cosmetics Solvents & Lubricants and De-Icing Solutions Applications - Global Industry Analysis Size Share Growth Trends and,Succinic,Acid,Market,is,Expected,to,Reach,USD,836.2,Million,by,2018:,Transparency,Market,Research,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database ...
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database ...
Business Research Industry it is a Providing Multiple Industry Market Research Reports for your Business. It is a top global market intelligence company. We are providing quality reports with deep insights and analysis.
1CZE: Cocrystallization of a mutant aspartate aminotransferase with a C5-dicarboxylic substrate analog: structural comparison with the enzyme-C4-dicarboxylic analog complex.
TY - GEN. T1 - Experimental and modelling studies of the bioconversion of glycerol to succinic acid by actinobacillus succinogenes. AU - Vlysidis, Anestis. AU - Du, Chenyu. AU - Webb, Colin. AU - Theodoropoulos, Constantinos. PY - 2008/12/1. Y1 - 2008/12/1. N2 - An unstructured kinetic model for the growth of Actinobacillus succinogenes on glycerol as the only carbon source is proposed in this study. The model describes cell growth considering both substrate and product inhibition. and its parameters are estimated by fitting the model predictions to experimental data. Substrate consumption and product formation rates are described by the Luedeking-Piret model. The main product of the process is succinic acid while by-products like acetate, formate and ethanol have very low concentrations. The main environmental factors that affect the bioprocess were examined and optimum conditions in terms of yield, final succinic acid concentration and productivity were evaluated by a factorial experimental ...
Buy quality succinic acid disodium salt products from succinic acid disodium salt manufacturer, 16 succinic acid disodium salt manufacturers & succinic acid disodium salt suppliers from China.
Succinic acid (SA) is poised to become a significant building-block or platform chemical in the bio-based economy. Of the microbial strains that show promise for biological SA production, the wild-type bacterium Actinobacillus succinogenes is one of the top-contenders. While strides have been made towards understanding the behaviour of the organism and developing the fundamentals for an industrial process based on the organism, there is still a large scope of research required and a multitude of challenges to be addressed. In particular, an improved understanding of the metabolism of the organism under favourable biofilm conditions is required and its potential as a microbial host in a biorefinery setting needs to be established. Therefore, the aim of this thesis is to develop a fundamental understanding of the central metabolism of the organism under biofilm conditions on relevant substrates, and to determine its performance as a SA producer on scalable biorefinery streams. Continuous operation ...
Microbial utilization of uncommon C4 dicarboxylate L-tartrate is largely anaerobic, with aerobic L-tartrate utilization known for few bacterial species including Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides and Pseudomonas putida. Aerobic L-tartrate-utilizing microbes could be industrially relevant owing to the efficient nature of the bioprocess and catalytic versatility of tartrate dehydrogenase (TDH) responsible for aerobic catabolism of L-tartrate. Present work involves isolation and characterization of Bacillus strains capable of aerobic L-tartrate utilization and its correlation with occurrence of TDH activity. Two out of 37 isolates, IC1-G and IC1-Y were identified as Bacillus megaterium spp. showing efficient aerobic growth, utilizing ~3.7 and 2.8 mM L-tartrate respectively at the end of 48 h. Several organic acids possibly including oxalic, succinic and citric acids were secreted as by-products of L-tartrate metabolism. Utilization of L-tartrate directly correlated with induction of TDH activity by ~3.2 ...
Inolex, a leader in the development of innovative ingredients for the personal care and cosmetics industries has launched a new range of 100% natural and sustainable emollients, using bio-based succinic acid from BioAmber. These succinate emollients have the highly appealing and differentiated sensory feel of silicone fluids, including feeling silky, powdery, light, dry and non-greasy to the touch. This sensory experience meets the modern consumers hygiene and beauty needs, giving the clean, dry and natural feeling consumers want from their personal care routine.. The market for personal care esters is valued at over $500 million. The new succinate emollients are highly-versatile because of their sensory properties and outstanding ability to disperse pigments. These fluids can be used in skin care, hair care, color and antiperspirant products to provide shine and a light fast-drying emolliency. These emollients are suitable as alternatives to silicone fluids for improving skin-feel, as well as ...
Summary A series of experiments was undertaken to evaluate the prophylactic, suppressive and therapeutic effects of four compounds against Schistosoma mansoni infections in rhesus monkeys. Marked therapeutic activity was obtained with an olive oil suspension of antimony dimercapto succinic acid in lower doses than those required for the sodium antimony dimercapto succinate in water. These results would suggest that sustained levels of antimony may result in enhanced schistosomicidal activity, thus permitting the use of smaller doses. Anti-schistosomal action was also observed with two non-antimonial compounds. However, one of these, a dicarbonic acid hydrazide, was active only in large doses administered parenterally. Although quantities of eggs in the stools were greatly reduced, considerable numbers of live worms remained at necropsy. The nitro-thiazole derivative, however, manifested prophylactic, suppressive and curative effects in doses seemingly well tolerated. This was shown by a marked reduction
Ischaemia-reperfusion injury occurs when the blood supply to an organ is disrupted and then restored, and underlies many disorders, notably heart attack and stroke. While reperfusion of ischaemic tissue is essential for survival, it also initiates oxidative damage, cell death and aberrant immune responses through the generation of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS). The selective accumulation of the citric acid cycle intermediate succinate is a universal metabolic signature of ischaemia in a range of tissues and is responsible for mitochondrial ROS production by reverse electron transport (RET) through Complex I during reperfusion. Ischaemic succinate accumulation arises from reversal of succinate dehydrogenase, which in turn is driven by fumarate overflow from purine nucleotide breakdown and partial reversal of the malate/aspartate shuttle. After reperfusion, the accumulated succinate is rapidly re-oxidized by succinate dehydrogenase, driving extensive ROS generation by RET at ...
potassium sodium L-tartrate 304-59-6 NMR spectrum, potassium sodium L-tartrate H-NMR spectral analysis, potassium sodium L-tartrate C-NMR spectral analysis ect.
Best price in Australia on Betancourt Nutrition L-Carnitine L-Tartrate - 60 Capsules from eVitamins.com. Find L-Carnitine L-Tartrate reviews, side effects, coupons and more from eVitamins. Fast and reliable shipping to the Australia. L-Carnitine L-Tartrate and other products by Betancourt Nutrition for all your health needs.
Succinic acid is considers to be a platform chemical with divergent applications as a precursor for syntheses of commodity and specialty chemicals. Its biobased production could be a green technology when produced by microbial fermentation using Escherich
Shop L-tartrate/succinate antiporter ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and L-tartrate/succinate antiporter Antibody at MyBioSource. Custom ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Antibody are available.
Global Chemical Leavening Agents Market 2017 presents a widespread and elementary study of Chemical Leavening Agents business at the side of the analysis of subjective aspects which is able to give key business insights to the readers. world Chemical Leavening Agents Market 2017 analysis report offers the analytical read of the business by learning various factors like Chemical Leavening Agents market growth, consumption volume, market trends and Chemical Leavening Agents business price structures throughout the forecast amount from 2017 to 2022.. Chemical Leavening Agents market studies the competitive landscape read of the business. The Chemical Leavening Agents report conjointly includes development plans and policies at the side of producing processes. the foremost regions concerned in Chemical Leavening Agents Market square measure (United States, EU, China, and Japan).. Get Free Sample Copy of Report Here: www.marketsnresearch.com/request-for-sample.html?repid=24635. Producers Analysis and ...
14 Day Range-Finding Study: Oral Route The test material was administered orally by gavage to Han Wistar (RccHanTM;WIST) rats for 14 days at dose levels of 30, 100, 300 and 1000 mg/kg/day in order to assess the systemic toxic potential. During the study, clinical condition, body weight, food consumption, visual water consumption assessment, organ weight and macropathology investigations were undertaken. For the animals dosed at 1000 mg/kg/day, signs after dosing included decreased activity, piloerection, partially closed eyes, a thin build, a hunched posture and elevated gait. All animals were killed prematurely on Day 2 due to the severity of the signs observed. Necropsy revealed incidences of distended stomach, dark areas and/or irregular surface on the non-glandular mucosa and depressions on the glandular mucosa. Other changes included dark areas in the medulla of the kidneys (females only) and some other abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract including incidences of firm contents in the ...
BioAmber is the global leader in the production of bio-succinic acid: a perfect substitute for the petroleum-based alternatives used in the manufacturing of everyday products. Using sustainable agricultural feedstocks in our proprietary process produces a negative carbon footprint to protect our world in an economically-viable fashion.
TentaGel® resins are grafted copolymers consisting of a low crosslinked polystyrene matrix on which polyethylene glycol (PEG or POE) is grafted. The PEG spacer is attached to the matrix via an ethyl ether group which increases stability towards acid treatment and minimizes PEG-leaching. As PEG is a „chameleon type" polymer with hydrophobic and hydrophilic properties, the graft copolymer shows modified physico chemical properties which are highly dominated by the PEG moiety (and no longer by the polystyrene matrix). These graft copolymers are pressure stable and can be used in batch processes as well as under continuous flow conditions. The PEG spacer is in the range of MW 3000 Da. ...
Amber has been the subject of scientific studies which clearly indicate therapeutic properties. Amber is the fossilised resin from prehistoric trees with some dating as far back as 50 million years ago. The resin would have been used by the tree itself as a natural antibiotic or for preservation. For centuries it has been worn as a natural remedy for pain relief. When amber is worn on the skin, heat releases minuscule amounts of healing oils which are absorbed into the bloodstream. Scientific findings show that amber is electromagnet, producing significant amounts of organic, purely natural energy. ...
Carcinogenesis. Desvenlafaxine succinate administered by oral gavage to mice and rats for 2 years did not increase the incidence of tumors in either study. Mice received desvenlafaxine succinate at dosages up to 500/300 mg/kg/day (dosage lowered after 45 weeks of dosing). The AUC exposure at 300 mg/kg/day dose is estimated at 10 times the AUC exposure at an adult human dose of 100 mg per day.. Rats received desvenlafaxine succinate at dosages up to 300 mg/kg/day (males) or 500 mg/kg/day (females). The AUC exposure at the highest dose is estimated at 11 (males) or 26 (females) times the AUC exposure at an adult human dose of 100 mg per day. ...
Mass spectrum and gas chromatographic retention data (equivalent chain lengths, ECL) for SAD-176 / Succinic acid dME / Butanedioic acid dME / Dimethyl butanedioate / Butanedioic acid dimethyl ester / Dimethyl succinate
P&O Cruises are the quintessentially British cruise line who cater for British quirks and comforts on the high seas. They are the worlds original...
Part of the ABC transporter complex CcmAB involved in the biogenesis of c-type cytochromes; once thought to export heme, this seems not to be the case, but its exact role is uncertain. Responsible for energy coupling to the transport system.
Polybutylene succinate (PBS) (sometimes written polytetramethylene succinate) is a thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family. PBS is a biodegradable aliphatic polyester with properties that are comparable to polypropylene. It may also be referred to by the brand names Bionolle (Showa Denko) or GsPLA (Mitsubishi Chemical). PBS consists of polymerized units of butylene succinate, with repeating C8H12O4 units. The synthesis of succinic acid based polyesters was first performed in 1863. In that time the Portuguese professor Agostinho Vicente Lourenço described in his "Recherche sur les composés polyatomiques" (Research on polyatomic compounds), the reaction between succinic acid and ethylene glycol to form what he named "succino-ethylenic acid". He noticed that this acid was losing water when it was heated at high temperatures (300 °C) and that a crystalline mass when obtained after cooling. Unfortunately, Lourenço did not study much the structure of the material he obtained. Later ...
Read "The four subunits of mitochondrial respiratory complex II are encoded by multiple nuclear genes and targeted to mitochondria in Arabidopsis thaliana, Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
The malic enzyme gene of Ascaris suum was cloned into the vector pTRC99a in two forms encoding alternative amino-termini. The resulting plasmids, pMEA1 and pMEA2, were introduced into Escherichia coli...
StudyAlways.com is a complete educational website where you can find local teachers in India by providing teacher jobs in indian cities, It also provide you the questions and answers on variety of subjects like, General Knowledge, Botany, Zoology, Mathematics, Aptitude, History, Geography, English, Commerce, Science, Programming Languages (like Java, C#, ASP.NET, JQuery, Databases..) etc. StudyAlsways.com also provides practice tests which will be helpful to Medical, Engineering, MBA entrance examination or in job interviews. Also Find teachers, Tutors, Coaches in India
The prospects of peak oil, climate change and the dependency of fossil carbon have urged research and development of production methods for the manufacture of fuels and chemicals from renewable resources (biomass). To date, the primary emphasis has been placed on the replacement of oil for transportation fuels. A highly significant subset of petroleum usage is the production of chemicals, which represents 10-15% of the petroleum usage. White biotechnology, also called industrial biotechnology, is a fast evolving technology with a large potential to have a substantial impact on the industrial production of fuels and chemicals from biomass. This work addresses the issue of chemical production by investigating the production of bio-based succinic acid, which can be used in a wide range of applications to replace petroleum based chemicals. Succinic acid can be produced by fermentation of sugar by a number of organisms; one is Escherichia coli (E. coli). It is known that E. coli under anaerobic ...
A water-soluble, colorless crystal with an acid taste that is used as a chemical intermediate, in medicine, the manufacture of lacquers, and to make perfume esters. It is also used in foods as a sequestrant, buffer, and a neutralizing agent. (Hawleys Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p1099; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1851)
PMID: 28444733 Du SNN, Khajali F, Dawson NJ, Scott GR (2017) Evolution Abstract: Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress have been suggested to be possible mechanisms underlying hybrid breakdown, as a result of mito-nuclear incompatibilities in respiratory complexes of the electron transport system. However, it remains unclear whether hybridization increases the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by mitochondria. We used high-resolution respirometry and fluorometry on isolated liver mitochondria to examine mitochondrial physiology and ROS emission in naturally occurring hybrids of pumpkinseed (Lepomis gibbosus) and bluegill (L. macrochirus). ROS emission was greater in hybrids than in both parent species when respiration was supported by complex I (but not complex II) substrates, and was associated with increases in lipid peroxidation. However, respiratory capacities for oxidative phosphorylation, phosphorylation efficiency, and O2 kinetics in hybrids were intermediate between ...
In the present study, FCR was improved by benzoic acid supplementation in the starter and finisher period. Better feed conversion of broiler chickens in the early stage of growth might be associated with the bacteriostatic effect of benzoic acid and less competition for nutrients between host and native microbiota. It has been shown that benzoic acid has antimicrobial properties, mainly because of its inhibitory effect on several microbial enzymes, in particular, a-ketoglutaric acid dehydrogenase and succinic acid dehydrogenase (Bosund, 1962). Knarreborg et al. (2002) demonstrated, in the batch culture conditions, that the benzoic acid and, to a lesser extent, fumaric acid exerted strong lethal properties towards lactic acid bacteria. The above authors suggested pH-dependent effects on coliform bacteria and lactic acid bacteria in stomach content and on coliform bacteria in content from the small intestine. The pH values used in the batch culture system by (Knarreborg et al., 2002) were supposed ...
We previously found that long-term exposure to fatty acids impairs glucose-induced insulin release. In the present study, we investigated whether impairment is related to decreased pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) and increased PDH kinase activity. Rat pancreatic islets were cultured for 48 h in RPMI-1640 medium with or without 0.125 mmol/l palmitate. Potentiation of insulin responses to succinic acid monomethylester (SAM) by 10 mmol/l acetate and pyruvate were subsequently compared in order to assess whether generation of acetyl-coenzyme A (CoA) from pyruvate was deficient in the intact β-cell. Potentiation by acetate was similar in control and palmitate-preexposed islets. In contrast, pyruvate potentiated SAM-induced response by 122% in control but by only 39% in palmitate-exposed islets (P , 0.001). In extracts of palmitate-exposed islets, the active (unphosphorylated) form of PDH was decreased by 50% and total PDH activity (assessed after phosphatase treatment) by 25%. The proportion of active ...
2R)-2-(methylamino)succinic acid - An orthogonal N-methyltransferase/NH2 base labile compound; exogenous NMDA receptor antagonist compound (Ketamine-like); synthetically recombined oligonucleotide protection group (dA-dT) for solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS), etc (see also PHP, Succinic_acid, and BW26434.) ...