TY - JOUR. T1 - Tension-compression loading with chemical stimulation results in additive increases to functional properties of anatomic meniscal constructs. AU - Huey, Daniel J.. AU - Athanasiou, Kyriacos A.. PY - 2011/11/16. Y1 - 2011/11/16. N2 - Objective: This study aimed to improve the functional properties of anatomically-shaped meniscus constructs through simultaneous tension and compression mechanical stimulation in conjunction with chemical stimulation. Methods: Scaffoldless meniscal constructs were subjected to simultaneous tension and compressive stimulation and chemical stimulation. The temporal aspect of mechanical loadingwas studied by employing two separate five day stimulation periods. Chemical stimulation consisted of the application of a catabolic GAG-depleting enzyme, chondroitinase ABC (C-ABC), and an anabolic growth factor, TGF-β1. Mechanical and chemical stimulation combinations were studied through a full-factorial experimental design and assessed for histological, ...
Perception (from the Latin perceptio) is the organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the presented information, or the environment.. All perception involves signals that go through the nervous system, which in turn result from physical or chemical stimulation of the sensory system. For .
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Systems of techniques for controlling charge flow during the electrical stimulation of tissue. In one aspect, a method includes receiving a charge setting describing an amount of charge that is to flow during a stimulation pulse that electrically stimulates a tissue, and generating and delivering the stimulation pulse in a manner such that an amount of charge delivered to the tissue during the stimulation pulse accords with the charge setting.
An involuntary action is an action initiated by stimulation of receptors rather than directly from the brain such as yawning, blinking and beating of heart
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This line was derived from the Ramos (RA-1) cell line (see ATCC CRL-1596) by repetitive cloning with selection for low constitutive expression of CD23 and maximum stimulation of CD23 expression by IL-4.
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There are some product types that are the same or similar between Drilling/Completions and Stimulation groups as can be seen. There are also some product types that are unique to the group.. ...
Cyclic 3,5-adenosine monophosphate modulates vascular endothelial cell migration in vitro.: Using a modified Boyden chamber assay, we have examined the effect
15731-72-3 - UEUPTUCWIHOIMK-RRKCRQDMSA-N - 2-Deoxy-3-adenosine monophosphate - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
Choate, J.K.; Paterson, D.J., 1998: Inhibition of nitric oxide synthase increases the positive chronotropic response to sympathetic nerve stimulation in the isolated guinea-pig atria
Experiments with selective agonists and antagonists of purinoceptors allowed us to evaluate the subtype of P2X receptors. We showed that the myocardium of 14-100-day-old rats contains functionally active P2X1 receptors. These receptors are involved in the realization of the positive inotropic effect of the atria and ventricles. Selective P2X1 receptor agonist β,γ-methylene-ATP induced a dose-dependent increase in the strength of atrial and ventricular contractions. P2X1 receptor antagonist TNP-ATP abolished the effect of the agonist in rats of all age groups.
An implantable heart stimulator includes a unit for setting a maximum allowable stimulation rate and an ischemia detector. An analysis unit and control unit and connected to the ischemia detector and to the setting unit for controlling the setting unit so as to lower the maximum allowable stimulation rate in response to the detection of an ischemic state.
Chemical stimulation of the aged oocyte. The NTD Drug Discovery Booster viermi plate Cancerul ochilor detoxifiere gemoterapie, medicament vierme vechi hemilphage vindecă paraziții. This is a number of diseases that arise due to ectoparasites, helminths wormsprotozoans.
Inotropic mechanisms of dopexamine hydrochloride in horses.: Mechanisms responsible for the positive inotropic effects of dopexamine were investigated in 8 halo
Theory can be very beautiful - of course she is most beautiful when she helps people. Our target is to apply our knowledge and our medical and technological expertise for the benefit of patients. In addition to initial clinical studies with the external trail device for the application of CR®-Stimulation, we have performed a systematic study on the efficacy and safety of acoustic CR®-Stimulation stimulation for the treatment of tinnitus.
词根: stimulus adj. stimulating 刺激的;有刺激性的 stimulated 受激的 stimulant 激励的;使人兴奋的 stimulative 促进的;刺激的;激励的 n. stimulus 刺激;激励;刺激物 stimulation 刺激;激励,鼓舞 stimulant [药] 兴奋剂;刺激物;酒精饮料 stimulative 刺激;促进因素 v. stimulating 刺激;激励;促进(stimulate的ing形式) stimulated 刺激(stimulate的过去式和过去分词) ...
Yabana H.; Sugimoto T.; Nagao T., 1990: Demonstration of beta 2 mediated positive chronotropic action of isoproterenol in anesthetized dogs comparison with selective beta 1 agonist t 0509
BioAssay record AID 218832 submitted by ChEMBL: Tested for beta-1-adrenergic blocking effect by measuring the ability to inhibit the positive inotropic effect of isoproterenol on the isolated right atrium of guinea pigs.
Looking for gustatory? Find out information about gustatory. response to chemical stimulation that enables an organism to detect flavors. In humans and most vertebrate animals, taste is produced by the stimulation by... Explanation of gustatory
ONE® Super Studs™Extra Large Studs for Maximum Stimulation Every Super Studs™ condom features extra large studs and a contoured shape for enhanced pleasure and stimulation. Super Studs™ are available in 3s and 12s from your local retailer. Width: 53 +/- 2mm; Length: >160 mm Buy Now:
Astonishing developments are on the horizon for those paralyzed due to spinal cord injuries. Scientists at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), a research institution in Switzerland, developed e-Dura, a spinal cord implant that could help paralyzed individuals walk on their own again, through electrical and chemical stimulation.. In a study, EPFL scientists successfully managed to get rats to walk on their own with the use of the technology. But for humans, there could still be an issue. The multi-functional device would be a long-term implant on the spinal cord, which could cause tissue damage.. The implant was designed to mimic living tissue, so that when it is implanted on the surface of the spinal cord-beneath the nervous systems protective envelope known as the dura mater-its elasticity and potential for deformation would limit any inflammation. So far, the tests on rats revealed neither tissue damage nor rejection after two months.. The researchers are planning to move ...
Nitroglycerin was shown to induce significant positive inotropic effect in adequate oxygen supply in isolated papillary muscles of the rat heart left ventricle. The effect depended upon inotropic reserve of the myocardium. The decrease in oxygen supply of papillary muscles inhibited their contractile activity. In these conditions, nitroglycerin exerted no positive inotropic influence on papillary muscles. Positive inotropic action of nitroglycerin became weaker after preliminary perfusion of papillary muscles with propranolol. Calcium antagonist verapamil completely abolished the positive inotropic action of nitroglycerin. The data suggest that positive inotropic action of nitroglycerin depends upon transsarcolemmal influx of calcium ions and is partially associated with the stimulation of myocardiac beta-receptors.
A therapeutic brain stimulation system comprises at least two stimulation signal emitters generating stimulation signals from different positions towards a common target region in a patients brain. While the signal intensity of each stimulation signal is much too low to cause stimulation, the accumulated stimulation signals cause a stimulation and, thus, a therapeutic effect in the neuronal brain cells of the target region. The stimulation signals accumulating in the target region are adjustable so as not to negatively affect the anatomic structure of neuronal brain cells in the target region.
Summary Measurement of rheotactic responses of Australorbis glabratus indicated that stream velocities above 35 cm/sec prevent any degree of upstream progression, but that below this flow rate snails show increasing ability for positive rheotactic orientation movement. When chemical attractants were applied, A. glabratus increased its rate of upstream migration. Persistence of increased progression rates after the cessation of chemical stimulation suggests a behavioral pattern similar to that known to exist in insects subjected to pheromonal stimulation.
A system and method for stimulating a human heart including a sensing module coupled through a lead to an electrode associated with a tissue of the human heart for sensing electrical activity of the heart. A controller module may be coupled to the sensing module. The controller module may select between a temporary stimulation therapy and a chronic stimulation therapy. Also included is a therapy module coupled to the controller, the therapy module communicating a plurality of anodic pulses to the heart through the lead when providing the temporary stimulation therapy. The amplitude, frequency, and duration of the anodic pulses may be varied, and biphasic pacing may also be used. The electrode may be a drug-eluting electrode for delivery of a drug. After an event occurs, the controller module may transition to the chronic stimulation therapy that may include cathodic stimulation.
Our Stimulation Probes are developed to minimize the risk of negative postoperative neurological effects on patients without interfering with the purpose of the procedure. The Concentric Stimulation Probe has a bipolar tip for direct stimulation in a small area. The Probe can be bent 30° for use under a microscope.
Quadripulse stimulation (QPS) is a newly developed stimulation method to induce neural plasticity in humans. One stimulation burst consisting of four monophasic pulses is given every 5 s for 30 min. A total of 360 bursts (1440 pulses) are given in one session. Short-interval QPS potentiates the targ …
A system and method for delivering coupled burst and tonic stimulation of nervous tissue is provided. The system and method includes providing a lead with at least one stimulation electrode configured
Applying electrical stimulation to the brain and/or introducing one or more stimulating drugs to the brain is used to treat autism. At least one implan...
Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, called CES in short, is a non-drug treatment for a wide range of health issues such as depression, insomnia, and anxiety.
In addition, bamiphylline had little effect on anginal pain, suggesting that this cannot be mediated exclusively by A1-receptor stimulation in these patients ...