###### Nonparametric tests for the pathwise properties of semimartingales

We propose two nonparametric tests for investigating the pathwise properties of a signal modeled as the sum of a Lévy process and a Brownian semimartingale. Using a nonparametric threshold estimator for the continuous component of the quadratic variation, we design a test for the presence of a continuous martingale component in the process and a test for establishing whether the jumps have finite or infinite variation, based on observations on a discrete-time grid. We evaluate the performance of our tests using simulations of various stochastic models and use the tests to investigate the fine structure of the DM/USD exchange rate fluctuations and SPX futures prices. In both cases, our tests reveal the presence of a non-zero Brownian component and a finite variation jump component.

###### Section 8.5 - Section 8.5 A Nonparametric Test The two-sample t-test even for the normal populations may not be the best or the...

View Notes - Section 8.5 from STT 351 at Michigan State University. Section 8.5 A Nonparametric Test The two-sample t-test even for the normal populations may not be the best or the most powerful

###### EconPapers: A CONSISTENT NONPARAMETRIC TEST FOR CAUSALITY IN QUANTILE

By Kiho Jeong, Wolfgang Härdle and Song Song; Abstract: This paper proposes a nonparametric test of Granger causality in quantile. Zheng (1998, Econometric Theory 14, 123-138)

###### S-WoPEc: The relative efficiency of active labour market policy: evidence from a social experiment and non-parametric methods

Abstract: We reanalyze the effects of a Danish active labour market program social experiment, that included a range of sub-treatments, including monitoring, job search assistance and training. Previous studies have shown that the overall effect of the experiment is positive. We apply newly developed non-parametric methods to determine which of the individual policies that explains the positive effect. The use of non-parametric methods to separate sub-treatment effects is important from a methodological point of view, since the alternative, namely parametric/distributional assumptions, is in conflict with the concept of experimental evidence. Our results are highly relevant in a policy perspective, as optimal labour market policy design requires knowledge on the effectiveness of specific policy measures. Keywords: Active labour market policy; treatment effect; non-parametric bounds JEL-codes: C14; C41; C93 29 pages, June 27, 2011 Full text files ...

###### October | 2016 | Gene editing with CRISPR

check the Wilcoxon rank-sum test or the matched-pairs Wilcoxon rank-sum test. mDC-mediated and cell-free infections (> .05 Wilcoxon matched-pairs rank-sum test). This suggests that the amounts of infectious virus in the assay were similar in mDC-mediated and cell-free infections. Figure 1. Target cells were exposed to Ammonium Glycyrrhizinate (AMGZ) similar amounts of infectious virus when… Read Article →. ...

###### Paired and Unpaired Two Samples Tests about the Mean - Free Statistics and Forecasting Software (Calculators) v.1.2.1

This free online software (calculator) computes various types of parametric and non-parametric tests for comparing the means of two paired or unpaired samples: classical Paired Two Sample t-Test, classical Unpaired Two Sample t-Test, Welch t-Test, Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test, and Wilcoxon Rank-Sum Test (Mann-Whitney U Test).

###### Nonparametric Test of Independence for Censored Data.

In an effort to widen the area of applicability of the self-consistent estimator of a bivariate survival distribution developed earlier to more complex situations, the following situation of double censoring was considered. The Nonparametric Estimation of a Bivariate Survivorship Function with Doubly Censored Data: Frequently are doubly censored-that is, some of the data may be censored on the left (late entries) some on the right (losses) while some others may be uncensored (deaths). Keywords: Computations, Iterations. (kr)*BIVARIATE ANALYSIS

###### Constrained topological mapping for nonparametric regression analysis<...

TY - JOUR. T1 - Constrained topological mapping for nonparametric regression analysis. AU - Cherkassky, Vladimir S. AU - Lari-Najafi, Hossein. PY - 1991. Y1 - 1991. N2 - The idea of using Kohonens self-organizing maps is applied to the problem of nonparametric regression analysis, that is, evaluation (approximation) of the unknown function of N-1 variables given a number of data points (possibly corrupted by random noise) in N-dimensional input space. Simple examples show that the original Kohonens algorithm performs poorly for regression problems of even low dimensionality, due to the fact that topologically correct ordering of units in N-dimensional space may violate the natural topological ordering of projections of those units onto (N-1)-dimensional subspace of independent variables. A modification of the original algorithm called the constrained topological mapping algorithm is proposed for regression analysis applications. Given a number of data points in N-dimensional input space, the ...

###### Nonparametric Regression Methods For Longitudinal Data Analysis Mixed Effects Modeling Approaches PDF Book - Golden Resource...

Incorporates Mixed Effects Modeling Techniques For More Powerful And Efficient Methods This Book Presents Current And Effective Nonparametric Regression Techniques For Longitudinal Data Analysis And Systematically Investigates The Incorporation Of Mixed Effects Modeling Techniques Into Various Nonparametric Regression Models

###### Diindolylmethane in Treating Patients Undergoing Surgery for Stage I or Stage II Prostate Cancer - Full Text View -...

The distribution of levels of DIM will be summarized by treatment arm with descriptive statistics. For the primary comparison between the placebo group and the DIM groups combined, tissue levels of DIM will be compared using Student t-test. In the case of violation of normality assumptions, an appropriate transformation of the data such as logarithm will be considered or a nonparametric test such as Wilcoxon rank-sum test will be used for comparison. A dose-response relation will be explored based on the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA ...

###### Multivariate nonparametric tests of independence

New test statistics are proposed for testing whether two random vectors are independent. Gieser and Randles, as well as Taskinen, Kankainen, and Oja have introduced and discussed multivariate extensions of the quadrant test of Blomqvist. This article serves as a sequel to this work and presents new multivariate extensions of Kendalls tau and Spearmans rho statistics. Two different approaches are discussed. First, interdirection proportions are used to estimate the cosines of angles between centered observation vectors and between differences of observation vectors. Second, covariances between affine-equivariant multivariate signs and ranks are used. The test statistics arising from these two approaches appear to be asymptotically equivalent if each vector is elliptically symmetric. The spatial sign versions are easy to compute for data in common dimensions, and they provide practical, robust alternatives to normal-theory methods. Asymptotic theory is developed to approximate the finite-sample ...

###### Whitney recovering from stroke | Daily Racing Form

Email. Saratoga socialite and Thoroughbred owner Marylou Whitney is recuperating on her Kentucky estate after suffering a minor stroke on Memorial Day. The stroke has forced Whitney to cancel her popular Whitney Ball, held annually the eve of the Whitney Handicap at Saratoga. I debated whether to maintain my Saratoga schedule, because I did not want to let anyone down, Whitney said in a statement released by her husband, John Hendrickson. But, after talking with John and my doctors, I decided I must look after my health first. Im sorry, Im really sorry. In her statement, Whitney said that doctors are optimistic that I will make a 100-percent recovery, and I plan on resuming my parties and events next year. Hendrickson said Whitney would make an appearance at some point during the Saratoga meet. Saratoga is so deep in her soul, Hendrickson said Tuesday by phone. She just has to be there. The thought of being back in Saratoga gives me great inspiration to get better, Whitney said in ...

###### KAKEN - Research Projects | Nonparametric tests for economic models (KAKENHI-PROJECT-14530031)

Principal Investigator：HITOMI Kohtaro, Project Period (FY)：2002 - 2004, Research Category：Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section：一般, Research Field：Economic statistics

###### Sparrho | A Nonparametric Test for the Equivalence of Populations Bas

We propose a new measure of proximity of samples based on confidence limits for the bulk of a population constructed using order statistics. For this measure of

###### EXACT Statement :: SAS/STAT(R) 14.1 Users Guide

The statistic-options specify which exact tests to compute. Table 83.3 lists the available statistic-options and the exact statistics that are computed. Descriptions of the statistic-options follow Table 83.3 in alphabetical order. Exact p-values are available for all nonparametric tests of location and scale differences that are produced by PROC NPAR1WAY. These include tests based on the following scores: Wilcoxon, median, Van der Waerden (normal), Savage, Siegel-Tukey, Ansari-Bradley, Klotz, Mood, and Conover. Additionally, exact p-values are available for tests that use the raw input data as scores. The procedure computes exact p-values when the data are classified into two levels (two-sample tests) and when the data are classified into more than two levels (multisample tests). Two-sample tests are based on simple linear rank statistics. Multisample tests are based on one-way ANOVA statistics. Exact p-values are also available for the two-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Exact confidence ...

###### American options with stochastic dividends and volatility: A nonparametric investigation

Downloadable (with restrictions)! In this paper, we consider American option contracts when the underlying asset has stochastic dividends and stochastic volatility. We provide a full discussion of the theoretical foundations of American option valuation and exercise boundaries. We show how they depend on the various sources of uncertainty which drive dividend rates and volatility, and derive equilibrium asset prices, derivative prices and optimal exercise boundaries in a general equilibrium model. The theoretical models yield fairly complex expressions which are difficult to estimate. We therefore adopt a nonparametric approach which enables us to investigate reduced forms. Indeed, we use nonparametric methods to estimate call prices and exercise boundaries conditional on dividends and volatility. Since the latter is a latent process, we propose several approaches, notably using EGARCH filtered estimates, implied and historical volatilities. The nonparametric approach allows us to test whether call

###### A Nonparametric Kernel Representation of the Agricultural Production Function: Implications for Economic Measures of Technology

Downloadable! The issue of production function estimation has received recent attention, particularly in agricultural economics with the advent of precision farming. Yet, the evidence to date is far from unanimous on the proper form of the production function. This paper reexamines the use of the primal production function framework using nonparametric regression techniques. Specifically, the paper demonstrates how a nonparametric regression based on a kernel density estimator can be used to estimate a production function using data on corn production from Illinois and Indiana. Nonparametric results are compared to common parametric specifications using the Nadaraya-Watson kernel regression estimator. The parametric and nonparametric forms are also compared in terms of describing the true technology of the firm by obtaining measures of the elasticity of scale and the marginal physical product through nonparametric estimation of the gradient of the production surface. Finally, the elasticities of

###### Fields Institute - Nonparametric Statistics Conference

Following the tradition of Carleton University yet another International Conference on Nonparametric methods for Measurement Error Models and Related topics has been arranged. In recent years, the scope of application of measurement error models has widened in biostatistics, bio -pharmakinetics , and DNA analysis to name a few among others. Our aim is to rejuvenate the research activity in nonparametric statistics by bringing scholars from all around the globe in this conference to exchange ideas for future developments to meet the need of application . Although, there is vast amount of literature on this topic, there is slow growth in developing robust inference techniques such as rank test and estimation , shrinkage estimation and S-test and estimation in measurement error models. This conference will focus on the current activities in parametric and nonparametric methods and consider new directions on the approach one should take developing these area of research ...

###### Plus it

To study the temporal pattern of modulation with a finer time resolution and across all the trials, we used a sliding window of 100 ms to bin both behavior and the firing rate. For each cell and each time bin, we obtained a trial-by-trial distribution of neural and behavioral responses. We then quantified the difference between the target speeds or reward conditions by calculating D′ (see Materials and Methods) or by testing for a significant difference using a nonparametric test (p , 0.05, Wilcoxon rank sum test). Figure 3B shows the distribution of spike counts and eye speeds for the sample neuron we present in Figure 1D (left) in the time window from 150 to 250 ms after motion onset. The D′ value for the target speed quantifies the difference between the distributions depicted in blue and black, and the D′ value for the reward size measures the difference between the distributions depicted in blue and red. In this specific neuron at this specific time window, the neural activity ...

###### Nonparametric regression penalizing deviations from additivity - Zurich Open Repository and Archive

Due to the curse of dimensionality, estimation in a multidimensional nonparametric regression model is in general not feasible. Hence, additional restrictions are introduced, and the additive model takes a prominent place. The restrictions imposed can lead to serious bias. Here, a new estimator is proposed which allows penalizing the nonadditive part of a regression function. This offers a smooth choice between the full and the additive model. As a byproduct, this penalty leads to a regularization in sparse regions. If the additive model does not hold, a small penalty introduces an additional bias compared to the full model which is compensated by the reduced bias due to using smaller bandwidths ...

###### Decision Support Using Nonparametric Statistics | SpringerLink

nonparametric statistics business decision making hypothesis development and testing sampling error margin of error spreadsheet development four levels of measurement parametric statistics binomial probability chi-square contingency table Mann-Whitney U Test Kruskall-Wallis Test Spearmans Rank Correlation Excel statistics ...

###### View source - Socr

SOCR_EduMaterials_AnalysesActivities , SOCR Analysis Activities]] - Fligner-Killeen Non-parametric Test== ===Overview of the test Fligner-Killeen=== The [[AP_Statistics_Curriculum_2007_NonParam_VarIndep , Fligner-Killeen test]] is a non-parametric test comparing whether k samples have equal variances. Some alternative statistical tests, for example the [[EBook#Chapter_XI:_Analysis_of_Variance_.28ANOVA.29 , analysis of variance]], assume that variances are equal across groups or samples. ===Examples=== ====Example 1==== Go to the [http://www.socr.ucla.edu/htmls/ana/FlignerKilleen_Analysis.html SOCR Fligner-Killeen Non-parametric Test Applet]. This example is based on a dataset from the R package under the library MASS. The datasets name is [http://projetos.inpa.gov.br/i3geo/pacotes/r/win/library/datasets/html/InsectSprays.html InsectSprays]. In [[SOCR_EduMaterials_AnalysisActivities_FlignerKilleen#InsectSprays_dataset , this dataset]], there are two variables: count, which is ...

###### Dalia Ghanem, University of California, San Diego - Agricultural and Resource Economics, UC Davis

In many empirical settings involving microeconomic panel data, the researchers objective is to identify the average partial effect of a variable on an outcome of interest. Thisi paper examines nonparametric identification of average partial effects in this setting and proposes tests of identifying assumptions that do not rely on functional-form restrictions. The paper first studies the nonparametric identification problem starting from a data-generating process that exhibits both individual and time heterogeneity. The trade-off between identifying assumptions that restrict individual and/or time heterogeneity is formally characterized. The paper then proposes a menu of identifying assumptions that the empirical researcher may choose from. To test the identifying assumptions, bootstrap-adjusted Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Cramer-von-Mises statistics are proposed and are shown to be asymptotically valid. The tests include a nonparametric test of the fixed effects assumption, which is applied to the ...

###### Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test

Since the test statistic D is smaller than the critical value we cant reject the null hypothesis that the two distributions are the same.. To illustrate a difference between distributions, suppose your data have a Poisson distribution as in:. ...

###### Mann Whitney test > Test Difference in Location > Compare groups > Analyse-it Standard edition | Analyse-it® 2.30...

The report shows the number of observations analysed, and, if applicable, how many missing values were excluded. Summary statistics for the ranks of each sample are also shown. The Mann Whitney statistic and hypothesis test are shown. The p-value is the probability of rejecting the null hypothesis, that the samples have the same median, when it is in fact true. A significant p-value implies that the two samples have different medians.. METHOD When the number of observations in each sample is ≤15 an exact p-value is calculated, based on the assumption of no ties (see [2]). If a few ties are present (the number of ties is shown next to the p-value) the p-value will be conservative, though if more than 10% of the observations are tied then the p-value is unreliable. For ,15 observations a normal approximation, with correction for ties, is used (see [2]).. ...

###### SAT0494 Evaluation of Conventional Assessment of Tocilizumab Therapy in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis using FDG-PET/CT |...

Methods Fifteen RA patients treated with TCZ were assessed. Positron emission tomography (PET) with 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG) were performed at baseline, 3 months and 6 months after the initiation of the therapies. The maximal SUV (SUVmax) of the bilateral shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle joints were summed up (total SUV) and used for the assessment of the FDG uptake as a representative value. Wilcoxon rank-sum test was applied to compare the clinical evaluations between baseline and each observation period. Spearmans rank correlation test was used to assess the correlation between the Δ SUV and the difference of the clinical parameters.. ...

###### Empower Microsoft Excel with accurate statistics and powerful data analysis | AnalystSoft | StatPlus:mac | StatPlus | BioStat...

BioStat user-friendly biology and medicine oriented statistical software.basic statistics,determining descriptive statistics,normality tests,T-Test/Pagurova Criterion/G-Criterion,Fisher F-test,correlation coefficients (Pearson, Fechner) and covariation,ANOVA (MANOVA, GLM ANOVA, Latin squares analysis),regression analysis,multivariate linear regression,logistic regression,stepwise regression,polynomial regression,Cox proportional-hazards regression,nonparametric statistics,2x2 Tables Analysis (Chi-square, Yates Chi-square, Exact Fisher Test, etc.),rank correlations (Kendall Tau, Spearman R, Gamma, etc.),comparing independent samples (Mann-Whitney U Test, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Wald-Wolfowitz Runs Test, Rosenbaum Criterion;Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA, median test),comparing dependent samples (Wilcoxon Matched Pairs Test, Sign Test, Friedman ANOVA, Kendalls Coeff. of Concordance),Cochran Q Test,survival analysis, ,Cox regression,probit-analysis,LD50, LD50SE, cumulation coefficient, LD100 calculation.

###### Store | AnalystSoft | StatPlus:mac | StatPlus | BioStat | StatFi

BioStat user-friendly biology and medicine oriented statistical software.basic statistics,determining descriptive statistics,normality tests,T-Test/Pagurova Criterion/G-Criterion,Fisher F-test,correlation coefficients (Pearson, Fechner) and covariation,ANOVA (MANOVA, GLM ANOVA, Latin squares analysis),regression analysis,multivariate linear regression,logistic regression,stepwise regression,polynomial regression,Cox proportional-hazards regression,nonparametric statistics,2x2 Tables Analysis (Chi-square, Yates Chi-square, Exact Fisher Test, etc.),rank correlations (Kendall Tau, Spearman R, Gamma, etc.),comparing independent samples (Mann-Whitney U Test, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Wald-Wolfowitz Runs Test, Rosenbaum Criterion;Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA, median test),comparing dependent samples (Wilcoxon Matched Pairs Test, Sign Test, Friedman ANOVA, Kendalls Coeff. of Concordance),Cochran Q Test,survival analysis, ,Cox regression,probit-analysis,LD50, LD50SE, cumulation coefficient, LD100 calculation.

###### Prognostic Value of Quantitative Stress Perfusion Cardiac Magnetic Resonance | JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging

Statistical analysis was performed by 2 of the authors (S.S. and T.I.). Data for categorical variables are presented as frequencies and percentages. Data for continuous variables are presented as mean ± SD or as median and interquartile range (IQR) depending on normality. The study cohort was stratified according to the presence or absence of events during follow-up.. Differences between categorical variables were evaluated using Fisher exact test. Comparisons between continuous variables were performed with the independent samples Student t test or using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test as appropriate. Two-tailed p values ,0.05 were considered significant.. Survival risk classifiers were built using penalized Cox proportional hazards models with a L1-(Lasso) penalty. Double-loop, cross-validation with 500 restarts was used to obtain robust unbiased estimates of predictive strength as outlined by Simon et al. (33). A baseline model was built containing established prognostic variables (age, sex, and ...

###### Hypothesis Testing - Parametric and Nonparametric Statistics

Can the formal hypothesis testing approach be used for non parametric tests? a. How are parametric and nonparametric statistics different? b. How are parametric and nonparametric statistics.

###### wilcoxon signed-rank test | Statistics Help @ Talk Stats Forum

Paired data statistical method help? I have a set of data that I would like to test a hypothesis against (H0: Mean Difference = 0 vs. H1: Mean Difference ,, 0). I have a time 1 and time 2 data (paired data) after some form of treatment. n=65 and scores range from 0-10. My data is non-normal and ...

###### Adventures in Raising a Disabled Child: Whitney Sharing

We get notes home with Whitney every day after school so we know what she has done and we can talk with her about it. This is something we really appreciate. But lately Whitney has begun telling us details about her day all by herself. One day last week Whit arrived home from school and excitedly signed to Melanie dog and pet. Melanie is so in tune with our daugher. She asked, Did you get to pet a dog at school today? Whitney nodded excitedly. Overhearing this conversation as Whit climbed off the bus, the bus aide confirmed that one of the little boys at the elementary school had brought his dog and had let Whitney pet it on her way out to the school bus ...

###### Supplementary Materialscancers-12-00289-s001 - Hedgehog pathway blockade with the cancer drug LDE225

Supplementary Materialscancers-12-00289-s001. the systems which promote its multiple effects. Here, we show that specific activation of GPER inhibits EMT, mechanotransduction and cell contractility in cancer cells via the GTPase Ras homolog Rabbit Polyclonal to Uba2 family member A (RhoA). We further show that GPER activation inhibits Cl-amidine invasion through an in vitro basement membrane mimic, comparable in structure to the pancreatic basement membrane that we reveal as an asymmetric bilayer, which differs in composition between healthy and cancer patients. values from Wilcoxon rank-sum test. BRCAbreast invasive carcinoma, LIHCliver hepatocellular carcinoma, LUADlung adenocarcinoma, STADstomach adenocarcinoma, UCECuterine corpus endometrial carcinoma, KICHkidney chromophobe, STESstomach and esophageal carcinoma, and COADREADcolorectal adenocarcinoma. Number of patients/normalBRCA (1093/112), LIHC (371/50), LUAD (515/59), STAD (415/35), UCEC (545/35), KICH (66/25), STES (599/46), COADREAD ...

###### The AstroStat Slog » tests

When it comes to applying statistics for measuring goodness-of-fit, the Pearson χ2 test is the dominant player in a race and the Kolmogorov-Smirnoff test statistic trails far behind. Although it seems almost invisible in this race, there are more various non-parametric statistics for testing goodness-of-fit and for comparing the sampling distribution to a reference distribution as legitimate race participants trained by many statisticians. Listing their names probably useful to some astronomers when they find the underlying assumptions for the χ2 test do not match the data. Perhaps, some astronomers want to try other nonparametric test statistics other than the K-S test. Ive seen other test statistics in astronomical journals from time to time. Depending on data and statistical properties, one test statistic could work better than the other; therefore, its worthwhile to keep the variety in ones mind that there are other tests beyond the χ2 test goodness-of-fit test statistic. Continue ...

###### The AstroStat Slog » Frequentist

When it comes to applying statistics for measuring goodness-of-fit, the Pearson χ2 test is the dominant player in a race and the Kolmogorov-Smirnoff test statistic trails far behind. Although it seems almost invisible in this race, there are more various non-parametric statistics for testing goodness-of-fit and for comparing the sampling distribution to a reference distribution as legitimate race participants trained by many statisticians. Listing their names probably useful to some astronomers when they find the underlying assumptions for the χ2 test do not match the data. Perhaps, some astronomers want to try other nonparametric test statistics other than the K-S test. Ive seen other test statistics in astronomical journals from time to time. Depending on data and statistical properties, one test statistic could work better than the other; therefore, its worthwhile to keep the variety in ones mind that there are other tests beyond the χ2 test goodness-of-fit test statistic. Continue ...

###### Reporting Non-Parametric Data: Median or Mean (or both)? | Statistics Help @ Talk Stats Forum

At the most simple level, my question is which descriptive statistics are the most kosher for reporting when using nonparametric tests like Mann-Whitney and...

###### Essay USA: Free analytical essay examples all assignments on time!

It goes without saying that laws should be free analytical essay examples minimal; learners should be. Notes 1 this particular university in manhattan. B for companies, qualified employees may be different is asserted in claim 3 the knowl- edge-transforming type of transition from the perspective of academic writing, as is done best by the use of the goals of the. You might converse to analyze the effects of low statistical power analysis, friedman my favorite teacher. This is a comprehensive review of educational 202. We wrote and I know now has a social issue. However, because of his very convincing fictitious appendix about de cl rambault s syndrome. Irrespective of the most from what it means becoming a marine biologist. 5. However, noun clauses but does not mean just the theory and number of hurdles involved in the manchester region, which began with a keyword system as well as government. Lying, sitting 14. A nonparametric test is used when the offender is a realworld example. 10 most ...

###### Parametric v non-parametric methods for data analysis. - Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal...

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click Continue well assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you wont see this message again. Click Find out more for information on how to change your cookie settings ...

###### P-curve analysis for neural correlates of BM motion perception in infancy: disclosure table - Google Sheets

Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were used within each 100-msec epoch in order to test for statistical significance between the waveforms to the canonical and scrambled stimuli within each electrode site. This non-parametric test was preferred because of non-normality in the distribution of the ERP amplitudes. At mid-parietal and occipital sites, the canonical stimuli produced a more positive-going waveform relative to the scrambled stimuli. The statistical comparison of the two conditions revealed a significant difference (p , .05) over a relatively long period of stimulus presentation (800-2,000 msec) at the left mid-parietal site (P3), with a difference over a shorter epoch (1,300 - 1,800 msec) being apparent for the right mid-parietal site (P4). At occipital sites, there was a significant difference (p , .05) in the right hemisphere (O2) between 800 and 1,300 msec, but there were no significant differences at the left occipital site (O1). At lateral parietal and temporal sites, the waveform ...

###### The association of genetic markers for type 2 diabetes with prediabetic status beyond nutrition and anthropometry - DMG...

Cross-sectional data of 129 men and 157 women of the Delay of Impaired Glucose Tolerance by a Healthy Lifestyle Trial (DELIGHT). Besides established risk factors including dietary factors, physical activity, central adiposity and inflammatory markers, 41 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that have previously been found to be associated with type 2 diabetes were analyzed. As a nonparametric test a random forest approach was used that allows to process a large number of predictors. Variables with the highest impact were entered into a multivariate logistic regression model.. ...

###### Example 28.8: Computing Friedmans Chi-Square Statistic

Friedmans test is a nonparametric test for treatment differences in a randomized complete block design. Each block of the design may be a subject or a homogeneous group of subjects. If blocks are groups of subjects, the number of subjects in each block must equal the number of treatments. Treatments are randomly assigned to subjects within each block. If there is one subject per block, then the subjects are repeatedly measured once under each treatment. The order of treatments is randomized for each subject. In this setting, Friedmans test is identical to the ANOVA (row means scores) CMH statistic when the analysis uses rank scores (SCORES=RANK). The three-way table uses subject (or subject group) as the stratifying variable, treatment as the row variable, and response as the column variable. PROC FREQ handles ties by assigning midranks to tied response values. If there are multiple subjects per treatment in each block, the ANOVA CMH statistic is a generalization of Friedmans test. The data ...

###### Comparing the areas under two or more correlated receiver operating characteristic curves: a nonparametric approach

Methods of evaluating and comparing the performance of diagnostic tests are of increasing importance as new tests are developed and marketed. When a test is based on an observed variable that lies on a continuous or graded scale, an assessment of the overall value of the test can be made through the …

###### The demand for food and beverages in Norway

The demand for food and beverages is estimated within a three-stage demand model. The separability structure of the model is checked
by nonparametric tests. Some generalized axiom of revealed preference (GARP) violations are detected in one of the subsystems. However,
they are removed by small adjustments in the quantities of fish, and the violations are interpreted as results of measurement errors. The
almost ideal demand system is used in the static and a dynamic version. The results of various specification and misspecification tests
suggest that the static version performs poorly as compared with the dynamic version. Norwegian demand elasticities for disaggregate food
commodities have rarely been estimated within a system framework, so the results are of intrinsic interest. The elasticities estimated by
using the dynamic model are of the expected signs and reasonable magnitudes. The values are stable over time for most commodities.
Elasticities estimated within a subsystem are conditional on the

###### Topic: Hypothesis Testing

One legacy of the Iraq War will be the unstated but implied so-called Rumsfeld Test. This was suggested serendipitously from a Department of Defense news briefing on Feb. 12, 2002. The Secretary stated, Reports that say that something hasnt happened are always interesting to me because as we know, there are known knowns; these are things we know we know. We also know there are known unknowns; that is to say we know there are some things we dont know. But there are also unknown unknowns - the ones we dont know we dont know.(This sounds like gibberish but Rummey is on to something here) Now Mr. Secretary, to validate your intelligence work, we suggest that you look at a fourth category of perceiving something unknown that is really known (Yes we said that), and this gives us the basis for a neat 2x2 chi-square test. This would be the famed nonparametric test of independence whose table of observed (O) and expected (E) counts of Intelligence Items appears for each cell in the above ...

###### Determining the appropriate sample size for nonparametric tests for location shift

For the case in which two independent samples arc to be compared using a nonparametric test for location shift, we propose a bootstrap technique for estimating the sample sizes required to achieve a specified power. The estimator (called BOOT) uses information from a small pilot experiment. For the special case of the Wilcoxon test, a simulation study is conducted to compare BOOT to two other sample-size estimators. One method (called ANPV) is based on the assumption that the underlying distribution is normal with a variance estimated from the pilot data. The other method (called NOETHER) adapts the sample size formula of Noether for use with a location-shift alternative. The BOOT and NOETHER sample-size estimators are particularly appropriate for this nonparametric setting because they do not require assumptions about the shape of the underlying continuous probability distribution. The simulation study shows that (a) sample size estimates can have large uncertainty, (b) BOOT is at least as ...

###### A Bayesian Nonparametric Approach to Single Molecule Förster Resonance Energy Transfer<...

TY - JOUR. T1 - A Bayesian Nonparametric Approach to Single Molecule Förster Resonance Energy Transfer. AU - Sgouralis, Ioannis. AU - Madaan, Shreya. AU - Djutanta, Franky. AU - Kha, Rachael. AU - Hariadi, Rizal. AU - Presse, Steve. PY - 2019/1/24. Y1 - 2019/1/24. N2 - We develop a Bayesian nonparametric framework to analyze single molecule FRET (smFRET) data. This framework, a variation on infinite hidden Markov models, goes beyond traditional hidden Markov analysis, which already treats photon shot noise, in three critical ways: (1) it learns the number of molecular states present in a smFRET time trace (a hallmark of nonparametric approaches), (2) it accounts, simultaneously and self-consistently, for photophysical features of donor and acceptor fluorophores (blinking kinetics, spectral cross-talk, detector quantum efficiency), and (3) it treats background photons. Point 2 is essential in reducing the tendency of nonparametric approaches to overinterpret noisy single molecule time traces and ...

###### Basic Sampling and Non-Parametric Methods | Eastern Africa Statistical Training Centre

This course is meant for students of agricultural statistics other than Statistics. The students would be exposed to non-parametric tests and basic sampling techniques. It would help them in applying non-parametric tests and understanding the concepts involved in planning and designing surveys, presentation of survey data analysis of survey data and presentation of results. This course would be especially important to the students of social sciences. Exercises on various Non-parametric tests; Random sampling, Use of random number tables, Simple random sampling, Determination of sample size, Exercises on Inverse sampling, Stratified sampling, Cluster sampling and Systematic sampling, Estimation using Ratio and regression estimators, Estimation using Multistage design and Double sampling.. ...

###### An Approach to Nonparametric Bayesian Analysis for High Dimensional Longitudinal Data Sets

The goal of this thesis is to develop a more powerful and flexible nonparametric method for the analysis of longitudinal data arising from high throughput biological assays, such as arise in next generation sequence analysis, proteomics and metabolomics, by expanding on an existing approach. The method compared 2 groups by testing for differences in the time to upcrossings and downcrossings for all possible levels using standard nonparametric statistical methods for testing for differences between event times that are subject to censoring. The main problem with nonparametric approaches is their lack of power relative to parametric alternatives, hence methods that aim to redress the shortcomings of nonparametric methods would provide researchers with an approach that greatly enhances their ability to analyze data sets that have a potential impact on human health. Hence in this thesis, we first develop a Bayesian counterpart to rank based tests using the Dirichlet process mixture (DPM) prior. Then ...

###### Download Extending The Linear Model With R Generalized Linear Mixed Effects And Nonparametric Regression Models

We will be the download extending the linear model with of the Arms Trade Treaty and the Rome Statute of the ICC. Our services to showcase capacity for average s data will treat. The engagement will stimulate the capital of OSB and have traditional fair and composite models to search areas inclusion and self-assembled use. In download extending the linear model with r generalized linear mixed effects and nonparametric regression with Indonesia, we will support a different Bali Process Crossref on addition study and flagship 1960s, including justice approach, generation position and pdf use. 1(11) International research, consular range and non-proliferation Overview The development independent space; economic porous Experience credentials against the mobility of assisting and, in interested objectives, underlying big assets. ecological districts in the South and East China Seas, Russia armed policy of Crimea, the urban growth and outreach of much weapons in Syria, and a strengthening solid ...

###### Chromosomal Radiosensitivity Analyzed by FISH in Lymphocytes of Prostate Cancer Patients and Healthy Donors | Radiation...

It is known that about 5-10% of cancer patients show severe clinical side effects during and after radiotherapy due to enhanced sensitivity to ionizing radiation. Identification of those radiosensitive individuals by a reliable in vitro assay before onset of treatment would have a great impact on successful radiotherapy. We compared the radiosensitivity of the chromosomes 2, 11 and 17 in prostate cancer patients with and without severe side effects after radiotherapy and in age-matched healthy donors. Each cohort consisted of at least 10 donors. Peripheral blood lymphocytes were irradiated ex vivo with 0.5, 1 und 2 Gy (137Cs γ rays). We investigated the radiosensitivity of the chromosomes 2, 11 and 17 by scoring of 100 FISH painted metaphases for each dose point and donor group. Statistical analyses were performed by nonparametric tests as Mann-Whitney test and Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA, paired Wilcoxon rank test, χ2 goodness-of-fit test and Spearman rank-order correlation at a significance level ...

###### Impact of a Positive Viral Polymerase Chain Reaction on Outcomes of Ch by Kulothungan Gunasekaran, Mudassar Ahmad et al.

INTRODUCTION: More than 15 million adults in the USA have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) places a high burden on the healthcare system. Many hospital admissions are due to an exacerbation, which is suspected to be from a viral cause. The purpose of this analysis was to compare the outcomes of patients with a positive and negative respiratory virus panel who were admitted to the hospital with COPD exacerbations.
METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in the Geisinger Healthcare System. The dataset included 2729 patient encounters between 1 January 2006 and 30 November 2017. Hospital length of stay was calculated as the discrete number of calendar days a patient was in the hospital. Patient encounters with a positive and negative respiratory virus panel were compared using Pearsons chi-square or Fishers exact test for categorical variables and Students t-test or Wilcoxon rank-sum tests for continuous variables.
RESULTS: There were

###### Multiple Biomarkers at Admission Significantly Improve the Prediction of Mortality in Patients Undergoing Primary Percutaneous...

Normally distributed continuous variables were compared with the Student t test and skewed-distributed with the Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Categorical variables were compared with the chi-square test. The prognostic value of the biomarkers was assessed by investigating the relationship between mortality and biomarkers in 2 sets of Cox proportional-hazards analyses: univariate analyses of single biomarkers and multivariate analysis including all biomarkers (multimarker). The univariate analyses were used to determine cutoff values for the biomarkers. These cutoff values were based on the quartiles of the individual biomarker levels. When hazard did not differ significantly between adjacent quartiles, as indicated by the p value from the Cox model, these were merged.. A multivariate model initially was developed incorporating the 5 biomarkers. Biomarkers with p < 0.05 by the Wald test were identified by backward selection. From the final model, a simplified score was obtained by putting weights to ...

###### Print - Biology-Online

From these formulae, adjusted femoral lengths were computed, against which are plotted the raw values for individual second and polar moments of area. Past research on Late Pleistocene human appendicular robusticity (1, 4, 17, 18) has provided conflicting assessments of the degree of contrast between these samples. Consequently, the distributions of measures of diaphyseal robusticity were statistically evaluated with an Ho of similarity. These degrees of similarity between the samples were assessed by using standard residuals from the pooled Late Pleistocene sample. They were compared between the late archaic and pooled early modern human samples by using unpaired Wilcoxon rank-sum tests and across combinations of multiple samples with Kruskal-Wallis tests. Patterns of Humeral Robusticity Assessments of Pleistocene diaphyseal robusticity frequently focus on percent cortical area. It sometimes is incorrectly referred to as a narrowing of the medullary canal (medullary stenosis), but it is ...

###### 1712.01521v1] An Online Algorithm for Nonparametric Correlations

Abstract: Nonparametric correlations such as Spearmans rank correlation and Kendalls tau correlation are widely applied in scientific and engineering fields. This paper investigates the problem of computing nonparametric correlations on the fly for streaming data. Standard batch algorithms are generally too slow to handle real-world big data applications. They also require too much memory because all the data need to be stored in the memory before processing. This paper proposes a novel online algorithm for computing nonparametric correlations. The algorithm has O(1) time complexity and O(1) memory cost and is quite suitable for edge devices, where only limited memory and processing power are available. You can seek a balance between speed and accuracy by changing the number of cutpoints specified in the algorithm. The online algorithm can compute the nonparametric correlations 10 to 1,000 times faster than the corresponding batch algorithm, and it can compute them based either on all past ...

###### Social Statistics - Hubert M. Blalock - Google Books

Purposes and limitations of statistics; Theory, measurement, and mathematics; Univariate descriptive statistics; Nominal scales: proportions, percentages and ratios; Interval scales: frequency distributions and graphics presentation; Interval scales: measures of central tendency; Measures of dispersion; The normal distribution; Inductive statistics; Introduction to inductive statistics; Probability; Testing hypotheses: the binomial distribution; Single-sample tests involving means and proportions; Point and interval estimation; Bivariate and multivariate statistics; Two-sample tests: difference of means and proportions; Ordinal scales: two-sample nonparametric tests; Nominal scales: contigency problems; Analysis of variance; Correlation and regression; multiple and partial correlation; Analysis of covariance, dummy variables, and other applications of the linear model; Sampling; Appendix; Index.

###### Whitney Quesenbery, Author at Rosenfeld Media - Page 2 of 8

Whitney Quesenbery: Hi, Im Whitney Quesenbery. Im co-author with Sarah Horton of A Web For Everyone. Today, Im talking to Dean Karavite from the Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia, where hes a human interactions specialist in clinical informatics.. That sounds like a mouthful, but it really just means that he works on making medical information usable for both patients and health professionals. One of his current projects is designing personal health records that are useful for people with disabilities. Hi, Dean. Thanks so much for joining us.. Dean Karavite: Hello, Whitney. Thank you so much for inviting me to talk about our work.. Whitney: Lets start by talking about what you mean by a personal health record for people with disabilities. What kind of problems are you trying to solve?. Dean: First, I think we can start with some definitions. Theyre actually important for a number of reasons. If you were to go to the healthit.gov website, theres a page that provides precise definitions ...

###### WHITNEY, LUCY E. - Yavapai County, Arizona | LUCY E. WHITNEY - Arizona Gravestone Photos

Lucy E. WHITNEY - Yavapai County Arizona - Lucy E. (Robinson) Whitney b. Oct. 21, 1846, Knox Co. Mo. d. Oct. 21, 1921, Prescott, Az. COD: Paralysis from cerebral hemorrhage w/o Andrew D. Whitney d/o Anson & Mary H. (Payne) Robinson

###### Ripoff Report | sari friedman complaints, reviews, scams, lawsuits and frauds reported, 215 results

See more than 215 sari friedman complaints, sari friedman reviews, sari friedman scams, sari friedman lawsuits and sari friedman frauds reported. Click here and find all sari friedman Ripoff Reports.

###### Comparison of Confidence Intervals for Large Operational Biometric Data by Parametric and Non-parametric Methods | NIST

Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) or Detection Error Trade-off (DET) curves are used to measure the performance of a biometric verification or identificat

###### A pilot study on high dosage intervention of children with CP using combined therapy approaches

Error of measurements. It is difficult to evaluate the effectiveness of any motor therapy approach4,32, because the specific sequence of treatments that were delivered are not standardised. Previous studies evaluating the effectiveness of NDT/Bobath could also be affected by the skill level of the therapists, which is seldom specified32. The constructs of NDT/Bobath itself have changed over time, and NDT/Bobath strategies are commonly combined with other therapy techniques and medical treatments32. It remains a challenge to obtain unbiased results as there is no definite standardised motor therapy approach yet. The GAS goals for each participant could have been over-cautiously done as reflected in the improved results. The same evaluators were used for the pre-and post-tests and were not involved in any intervention.. Data analysis. The data were summarised using descriptive statistics namely median and quartiles. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test is a non-parametric test and similar to the paired ...

###### University of the Punjab

I am a Lecturer at College of Statistical and Actuarial Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore from June 2010. I have done M.Sc. Statistics and M.Phil in Statistics from College of Statistical and Actuarial Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore. My research interest includes Statistical Methods and Parametric and Nonparametric Tests ...

###### Statistics

The fundamental construct in probability is random variable; the fundamental construct in statistics is random sample.. Random sample is a sampling process from a hypothetical population. Traditional statistics assumes large $n$, small $p$ ($n$ for observations, $p$ for parameters measured.) While in modern statistics, the problem typically is small $n$, large $p$.. Model in statistics is a probability distribution of one or more variables: univariate models; regression models;. Parametric and nonparametric methods do not have essential difference or comparative superiority: both are collections of models and take random samples as the sole input for estimation (frequentist). Parametric methods are algorithms selecting one from a subspace of probabilistic models, which is indexed by model parameters. Nonparametric methods are algorithms selecting one from another subspace of probabilistic models, only without an index. Generally, nonparametric methods are non-mechanistic methods, which are ...

###### Dr. Brooks Whitney, MD | Atlanta, GA | Healthgrades

Dr. Brooks Whitney, MD is a Vascular Surgery Specialist in Atlanta, GA. Dr. Whitney has more experience with Aortic Aneurysm or Dissection, Carotid Artery Disease or Carotid Endarterectomy, and Peripheral Vascular Procedures than other specialists in his area. He is affiliated with medical facilities such as Emory Saint Josephs Hospital and Northside Hospital. He is accepting new patients. Be sure to call ahead with Dr. Whitney to book an appointment.

###### Anne & Whitney: Up, Down and All Around: November 2010

We have started a therapeutic listening program with Whitney to work on helping her filter out background noise and pay attention when someone is speaking to her or trying to get her attention. Whitney failed her newborn hearing screen and multiple hearing tests following her birth. Unfortunately, her heart was more of a severe issue in her first few months of life than her hearing and we were unable to pursue her hearing as quickly as we would have liked because we were more focused on just keeping her alive and getting her to her open-heart surgery date (December 1, 2008 - 3 months and a few days after she was born) and then keeping her healthy and helping her as she recovered after surgery. We then ran into a problem with an ENT that after waiting nearly two months to get in for an appointment (after Whitney was starting to recover from open-heart surgery) did NOT do her job thoroughly. She merely looked in her ear canals and proceeded to tell me that her ears are clear and look just fine. ...

###### JOURNAL OF NONPARAMETRIC STATISTICS | Years 1991/92-2016 | Print ISSN 1048-5252 | PSC Reprint and Publishers Backstock

JOURNAL OF NONPARAMETRIC STATISTICS. Years 1991/92-2016. Print ISSN 1048-5252. Reprint. Back volumes and back issues available from Periodicals Service Company (PSC).

###### Re: AUDITORY Digest - 27 Jun 2012 (#2012-157) (Anthony Parks )

Subject: Re: AUDITORY Digest - 27 Jun 2012 (#2012-157) From: Anthony Parks ,[email protected], Date: Thu, 28 Jun 2012 11:33:06 -0700 List-Archive: Comparison of two time-series data Dear Auditory List, Im running an experiment testing the effect of various filters and compressors on continuous emotional responses to musical stimuli. Say Ive got two time-series for arousal (excitement), of equal length. One series is in response to presentation of the stimulus under one kind of filtering (lowpass at 8k), and the other series is in response to to the same stimulus lowpassed at 3k.Each series comes from different subjects (its a between-subjects design). What is the best way to tell if the responses are drawn from the same population without collapsing the time series? I have some ideas (namely cross-correlating the two series or collapsing the data, finding the CDF, and then running a two-sample kolmogorov-smirnov test for p , 0.05), ...

###### KNUSTSpace: Development Of Intensity- Duration- Freqency-Curves For Kumasi

This work involves the development of IDF Curves for the city of Kumasi. Annual Maximum Rainfall depths of various durations over twenty-two years for Kumasi were obtained from the Ghana Meteorological Services in Accra. A check for the consistency of data found the data inconsistent and so the double mass curve was used to make the data consistent and also allowed for filling in gaps where data were missing. The data set thus obtained was then subjected to frequency analysis to determine the distribution which best characterize the data set. The annual maximum series were found to be drawn from the Gumbel distribution whose parameters were computed by fitting the statistics to the data. The Chi-square test and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test prove the appropriateness of the fitting. Since the data available was only 22 years, IDF values for return periods higher than 22 years were obtained using frequency factors. The IDF estimates resulting from this work have been compared with the existing IDF ...

###### Generalized Linear Models and Nonparametric Regression | Coursera

Offered by University of Colorado Boulder. In the final course of the statistical modeling for data science program, learners will study a ... Enroll for free.

###### Jurnal Anestesiologi Indonesia • Abstrak

Tujuan : Membuktikan pengaruh pemberian infiltrasi anestetik lokal Ropivakain terhadap tampilan kolagen pada luka operasi tikus Wistar. Metode : Dilakukan penelitian eksperimental dengan desain Randomized Post Test Only Control Group. Sebanyak 15 ekor tikus wistar dibagi menjadi 3 kelompok, kelompok K sebagai kontrol, Kelompok P1 diberi luka insisi dan infiltrasi Nacl 0,9% disekitar luka, Kelompok P2 diberi luka insisi dan infiltrasi Ropivakain disekitar luka. Ketiga kelompok diambil sampel dari jaringan luka pada hari ke 5 kemudian dilakukan pemeriksaan histopatologi untuk menilai kepadatan kolagen. Distribusi data diuji dengan Shapiro Wilk. Dilanjutkan dengan Uji beda Kruskal Wallis dan Mann Whitney. Hasil : Hasil uji Kruskal Walis kepadatan kolagen pada ketiga kelompok didapatkan nilai P = 0,07. Hasil Uji Mann Whitney P1 terhadap P2 nilai p= 0,011, P1 terhadap kontrol nilai p= 0,008, P2 terhadap kontrol nilai p = 0,242. ...

###### Table 10

Data presented as median (interquartile range). P value by Kruskall-Wallis. Intergroup differences by Mann Whitney. +P value significantly higher in fentanyl group compared to morphine group (p,0.05). N.S=Non Significant ...

###### Unpaired Two-Samples Wilcoxon Test in R - Easy Guides - Wiki - STHDA

It will give a warning message, saying that cannot compute exact p-value with tie. It comes from the assumption of a Wilcoxon test that the responses are continuous. You can suppress this message by adding another argument exact = FALSE, but the result will be the same.. 2) Compute two-samples Wilcoxon test - Method 2: The data are saved in a data frame.. ...

###### September 6, 2016 - The Whitney Laboratory for Marine Bioscience

The Sea Turtle Hospital at Whitney Lab is pleased to announce that it is now offering tours on the second and fourth Thursday of each month at 10 a.m. Tours are $10 per person, and reservations are required. There is a limit of 10 people per tour. To make a reservation, please email [email protected] To view…. ...

###### Remembering Whitney Houstons gospel works - Life After The WCG: A Spirital Pilgrimage of an Independent Believer

Most of you have heard about the untimely passing of long-time pop star Whitney Houston who passed on to the heavenly kingdom Saturday evening. Heres a couple of tunes from a spiritual gospel angle that are a few of my favourites. Rest in peace Whitney and sing to the Lord with a cheerful voice!

###### Euclid: Non-parametric point spread function field recovery through interpolation on a Graph Laplacian - CosmoStat

Aims. This papers contributions are twofold. First, we take steps toward a non-parametric method to address the issue of recovering the PSF field, namely that of finding the correct PSF at the position of any galaxy in the field, applicable to Euclid. Our approach relies solely on the data, as opposed to parametric methods that make use of our knowledge of the instrument. Second, we study the impact of imperfect PSF models on the shape measurement of galaxies themselves, and whether common assumptions about this impact hold true in a Euclid scenario ...

###### Dr. Theodore Friedman Returns to Answer Our Questions | CushieBlog

Have questions about the new Korlym? How about Korlym vs ketoconazole? About medical vs surgical treatment for Cushings. Ask Dr. Theodore Friedman. Theodore C. Friedman, M.D., Ph.D. has opened a private practice, specializing in treating patients with adrenal, pituitary, thyroid and fatigue disorders. Dr. Friedman has privileges at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and Martin Luther King Medical Center. His…

###### Plus it

4144 Human Cripto-1 (CR-1), a cell membrane anchored protein that can also be secreted or shed from the membrane, is expressed at high levels in several different types of human tumors, whereas very low levels of CR-1 can be detected in normal tissues. In order to evaluate whether CR-1 can function as a serological marker for different types of human malignancies, we developed a specific and sensitive sandwich type ELISA for CR-1 and analyzed plasma samples from healthy volunteers and patients with several different types of tumors. A statistically significant increase in the levels of plasma CR-1 was observed in patients with colon, gastric, ovarian and breast cancer compared with the control group (P,0.001, WilCOXon rank sum test). Interestingly, high levels of CR-1 were found in breast, colon and gastric patients at early stage of disease, suggesting that CR-1 might be useful for early detection in these tumors. In addition, moderate levels of plasma CR-1 were found in women with ...

###### Honey Boosts Healing of Surgical Wounds

Seventy two symmetrical incisions in 52 patients were evaluated during the study. The mean width of the scar after the third and the sixth month was 3.64 +/- 0.83 mm and 3.49 +/- 0.87 mm on the side that received honey dressing and 5.43 +/- 0.05 mm and 5.30+/- 1.35 mm in the control group. Wilcoxon signed-rank test showed significant difference between honey and conventional dressing outcomes at third and sixth month (p , 0.001 ...

###### The Hazards of Mutual Fund Underperformance: A Cox Regression Analysis

Author(s): Lunde, Asger; Timmermann, Allan; Blake, David | Abstract: This paper investigates the process determining mutual funds conditional probability of closure, i.e. their hazard function. Using a nonparametric approach to estimate the effects of a funds age on its hazard rate, we find a distinctly nonlinear, inverse U-shaped pattern in the relationship. Hence young and very old funds are least likely to be closed down. A funds relative performance and (less significantly) the level of return in the sector in which the fund operates are also identified as important factors in the closure decision. Results from semiparametric Cox regressions are compared with those from the discrete choice probit model used by Brown and Goetzmann (1995). Finally, we provide a complete summary of the fund attrition process by estimating the survivor function, indicating the proportion of funds that survive up to a given age, and we identify the effect of fund attrition on standard measures of persistence of fund

###### Download e-book for kindle: Data Analysis in Business Research: A Step-By-Step by D Israel - LOUISELMERCOLLECTION.COM Library

Additional resources for Data Analysis in Business Research: A Step-By-Step Nonparametric Approach (Response Books) Example text. Advantages 1. This test checks for randomness of the sample selected. 2. It is highly useful in checking the randomness of residuals in regression or time series and forecasting models. Procedure 1. Formulate a null and an alternate hypothesis. The null hypothesis may be that the sample values occur in a random sequence while the alternative hypothesis may be that the sample values do not occur in a random sequence. 2. Arrange the observations in n1 and n2 in the order of their occurrence, where n1 equals the number of sampled items of one type and n2 equals the number of sampled items of the second type. Accordingly, T = 11+13+1+2+4 = 31. Step 5 Make a decision by comparing the calculated T-value with the critical T-value for the respective level of significance. This can be done by referring to the Wilcoxon Signed-Ranks Test critical value as found in Table 4 in the ...

###### 4d6963726f736f667420576f7264202d20e3e0f1f2f0eeeff0eef2e5eaf2eef0ede0ff20e0eaf2e8e2edeef1f2fc2d536176656c796576205f325f

were deprived of food (with free access to water), as examination of the gastric wall samples was carried out starvation reduces the protective level of the gastric mucosa using the B-350 microscope (Optika, Italy). due to the activation of anaerobic glycolysis. To model the Statistical analyses were performed using Excel and stomach ulcer by Selye, the animals were immobilized in Statistica 6.0, and the results were presented in the tables as plexiglass boxes for 3 h at 4 °C. The ulcerogenic M ± σ. The differences between the groups were analyzed using the criteria of non-parametric methods for analysis of intramuscularly with a sterile apyrogenic saline solution variance according to the instructions of the data processing during three consecutive days [10, 11]. The below effective software. The results were considered as significant if doses of peptides and drugs of comparison were p ≤ 0.05. administered intragastrically 1 h and 7 days before the modeling of the stress-induced stomach ...

###### Nonparametric statistics - Wikipedia

Statistical hypotheses concern the behavior of observable random variables.... For example, the hypothesis (a) that a normal distribution has a specified mean and variance is statistical; so is the hypothesis (b) that it has a given mean but unspecified variance; so is the hypothesis (c) that a distribution is of normal form with both mean and variance unspecified; finally, so is the hypothesis (d) that two unspecified continuous distributions are identical.. It will have been noticed that in the examples (a) and (b) the distribution underlying the observations was taken to be of a certain form (the normal) and the hypothesis was concerned entirely with the value of one or both of its parameters. Such a hypothesis, for obvious reasons, is called parametric.. Hypothesis (c) was of a different nature, as no parameter values are specified in the statement of the hypothesis; we might reasonably call such a hypothesis non-parametric. Hypothesis (d) is also non-parametric but, in addition, it does not ...

###### Richard H

The null hypothesis in cladistics is a bush. Any shortest resolved tree is best evidence of relationship. But best for what use? Consider: Flip a coin 100 times to see if it is (phylogenetically) loaded. Cladistic philosophy: 50 heads and 50 tails means the null cannot be falsified, and we cannot hypothesize the coin is loaded. But, for instance, 54 heads and 46 tails is taken as evidence of loading for the head side up, being the best explanation. Statistically, however, one could do a non-parametric test with the null being equiprobable and randomly distributed (54 or more heads would only occur randomly 24% of the time, and the null cannot be rejected at, say, the .95 confidence level), therefore there is no evidence of loading that one would act on. We are left with the unimpressive probabilistic proportion 54/100 for the chance of loading on heads. Only recently have statistical tests (other than subsampling) been introduced for gauging the reliability of individual branch arrangements ...

###### A behavioral response to a releaser pheromone. Nature and nurture. A by G Dizinno, G Whitney et al.

Dizinno, G; Whitney, G; and Nyby, J, A behavioral response to a releaser pheromone. Nature and nurture. Abstr. (1977). Subject Strain Bibliography 1977. 1560 ...

###### Anita Whitney 7/15/15

Many of us have heard about our government and country being a corporation. It appears that our local towns and cities are all corporations too. What does this mean and how has it changed our lives? I knew about the corporation thing, and I had also heard about the CAFRs (Comprehensive Annual Financial Reports) disclosing mountains of funds held by towns and cities who are telling us theyre bankrupt. (What the hell?) In this interview anti-vaccine activist and legal advocate Anita Whitney describes how she discovered the real nature of present-day government, on all levels, which is no longer representative but commercial. It began in 1871, when the United States corporation franchise system was born, which today includes all of our towns, cities and public agencies. These entities are incorporated, which means there is no more representation of us -- the public -- but only a competition for corporate grant contracts -- in other words, Agenda 21 and New World Order projects and programs that ...

###### Can Whitney Head Unclog Museums Rotted Sclerosis? | Observer

Lets start with the good news first, even though its a little stale. When the Whitney Museum of American Art opened its doors for the first time at 8 West Eighth Street in Greenwich Village in 1931, Henry McBride-the most important art critic of the period-gave the following account in The New Yor...

###### Yayoi Kusama celebrates the opening of her retrospective at the Whitney Museum | W Magazine

As Yayoi Kusama celebrates the opening of her retrospective at the Whitney Museum-as well as a collaboration with Louis Vuitton-her lifelong dream of superstardom is finally a reality. Arthur Lubow discovers why the whole world is mad for Japans most iconoclastic artist.

###### Whitney Humanities Center gains new leader

A new director took the helm of the Whitney Humanities Center this academic year, with broad but currently undetailed visions for strengthening the humanities at Yale. The University appointed music and humanities professor Gary Tomlinson to a five-year term as the centers director in April, and he assumed the post in July. Now three months […]