A total of 218 isolates of Staphylococcus hyicus from pigs in eight countries (Belgium, Croatia, Germany, Japan, Korea, Slovenia, the UK and the USA) and 44 isolates from other animals in Belgium, India, Japan and the USA were examined for the genes encoding the exfoliative toxins ExhA, ExhB, ExhC and ExhD by multiplex PCR. The expression of the toxins was confirmed by immunoblot analysis, using monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies specific for each of the toxins. The porcine isolates were from pigs with exudative epidermitis, pigs with other lesions and from healthy pigs, and one or more of the toxins could be found among the isolates from the pigs in all the countries. Toxigenic strains of S hyicus were isolated from both healthy and diseased pigs, but the chance of isolating toxigenic strains from pigs with exudative epidermitis was greater than from pigs with other lesions or healthy pigs. Of the 44 isolates from other animal species, only one isolate, from a hare from Belgium, produced ExhB, ...
Affiliation:神戸大学,農学部,教授, Research Field:Applied veterinary science,基礎獣医学,Basic veterinary science/Basic zootechnical science,Basic veterinary science/Basic zootechnical science, Keywords:Staphylococcus intermedius,Staphylococcus hyicus,Staphylococcus aureus,ブドウ球菌,Staphylococci,M細胞,apoptosis,アポトーシス,PFGE,M cells, # of Research Projects:7, # of Research Products:0
Since my last update, I have plated all of my bacteria and chosen at least one, but usually two colonies from each sample of water. This means that each site has up to six bacteria representing it. I have slowly begun to identify the selected bacteria and freeze them for use later in time. I have identified ten of those bacteria already. The most interesting is Staphylococcus hyicus (2D.1), a bacteria that causes a dangerous skin disease in pigs, cattle, and horses often called greasy pig disease. However, it can affect humans, there is a case study of a farmer found to have been infected with Staphylococcus hyicus after being hospitalized with sepsis and cellulitis in his foot. He was initially misdiagnosed with Staphylococcus aureus. The other bacteria are fairly common in freshwater, animals, or soils. One of which is Bacillus subtilis, a very common bacteria thought to have probiotic effects.. ...
Affiliation:神戸大学,農学研究科,教授, Research Field:Basic veterinary science/Basic zootechnical science,Applied veterinary science,基礎獣医学,Integrative animal science,Applied veterinary science, Keywords:消化管,免疫組織化学,常在細菌,Staphylococcus intermedius,Staphylococcus hyicus,1gA腎炎,豚の糸球体腎炎,プリオン,Mesangioproliferative Glomerulonephritis,メサンギウム増殖性糸球体腎炎, # of Research Projects:6, # of Research Products:56, Ongoing Project:消化管における分泌型の補体系による生体防御機構の解明
The DoD has nukes, nerve gas, anthrax, agent orange, napalm, etc., and people are worried that they can remote control beetles?. If you want to be a hippy, fine, but there is no need to be patently irrational about it.. As for the sentiment that this is cruel, I dont think the beetle minds, seeing as its nervous system is not complex enough to permit any sort of thought beyond direct physical response to stimuli.. For comparison, the wasp Ampulex Compressa stings a cockroach so as to briefly paralyze it, then again so as disable the escape reflex, and then steers the roach to its nest where it lays eggs on, which hatch, penetrate the roach, and devour it alive as the larvae gestate. That seems a much crueler fate for the beetle, but I dont see anyone launching an extermination campaign against Ampulex Compressa. Of course, maybe that is that is because Ampulex Compressa is not a convenient political target.. ...
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A compelling demonstration of the command function of the insect brain for the total behavioral system of the insect is the effect of focused injection of neurotransmitter agonists and antagonists to the region of the central complex (CX) of the insect brain. The parasitoid jewel wasp Ampulex compressa uses its ovipositor to inject venom containing GABA and octopamine antagonists into the CX of its cockroach prey (72, 73). The venom is not paralytic: the cockroach is still able to perform many basic actions. Rather, the pharmacological lesion to the central protocerebrum containing the CX disrupts the cockroachs behavioral program, rendering it entirely passive so that it will not struggle as the wasp leads the cockroach by the antennae into its burrow. The effect of Ampulex venom on the cockroach brain is thus to eliminate the capacity of the roach to organize and initiate behavior (73). This example shows that the central brain structures are key for the initiation and direction of movement ...
In a well-documented example of external parasite control, an emerald cockroach wasp (Ampulex compressa) enslaves a much larger cockroach (Periplaneta americana). The wasp injects a neurotoxin into the cockroachs brain. This toxin kills off the roachs ability to control its own movement but doesnt paralyze it entirely. The wasp is then able to grasp the roachs antenna and lead it into a nest before laying an egg in the live cockroachs body ...
Background: There is little information on nasopharyngeal (NP) flora or bacteremia in HIV-infected children. Our aim was to describe the organisms and antimicrobial resistance patterns in children enrolled in a prospective ...
Grovers disease (GD) is a polymorphic, pruritic, papulovesicular dermatosis characterized histologically by acantholysis with or without dyskeratosis. Once confirmed, most cases of Grovers disease last six to twelve months, which is why it was originally called "transient". However it may last much longer. Nevertheless, it is not to be confused with relapsing linear acantholytic dermatosis. Grovers disease often starts quite suddenly. There are intensely itchy spots on the central back, mid chest and occasionally elsewhere. Frequently, it follows sweating or some unexpected heat stress. The itchy eruption lasts an average of 10-12 months. It is characterized by papules and papulovesicles with excoriations occurring on the chest, back, lower sternum, arms, and thighs. The papules are most commonly found on the mid chest. Sometimes the features of Grovers are found in people who do not itch or have a conspicuous rash. Most of the people with Grovers who visit a dermatologist, however, itch a ...
The American cockroach was introduced to the United States from Africa as early as 1625. They belong to the Kingdom: Animalia, Phylum: Arthropoda, Class: Insecta (Insecta: Blattodea: Blattidae), Order: Dictyoptera, and Family: Blattidae. Its common name is American cockroach and scientific name is Periplaneta Americana (Linnaeus). American cockroaches are normally between one and one and a half inches in length. They are oval shaped and reddish-brow with yellow fringes on the area of the body behind the head as adults. They hide in dark crevices during the day, which could include: sewer and drainage systems, cracks and crevices of a house, steam tunnels, large institutional buildings and basements. They emerge at night to hunt for food. Theyll eat pretty much anything. Although it prefers sweets, they have been observed eating paper, boots, hair, bread, fruit, book bindings, fish, peanuts, old rice, putrid sake, the soft part on the inside of animal hides, cloth and dead insects. American ...
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Evidence has been presented for the possible transport function of conjugated roach plasma proteins during molting. Extensive changes in these proteins are evident during the premolt stage. The remainder of the instar appears to be devoted to a gradu
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additional source Fredericq, S., T. O. Cho, S. A. Earle, C. F. Gurgel, D. M. Krayesky, L. E. Mateo-Cid, A. C. Mendoza-González, J. N. Norris, and A. M. Suárez. 2009. Seaweeds of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 187-259 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico-Origins, Waters, and Biota. I. Biodiversity, pp. 187-259. Texas A&M Univ. Press. [details] ...
This dwarf cultivar is thin and erect, and has pale green foliage. The needles are short, flat and shiny. The branches are congested and ascend. The bark is typically reddish brown and the berries, when present, are red. This plant likes a moist, slightly acidic soil with a decent amount of light. Can tolerate some
Reproduce at a slower rate in comparison to other cockroach species. Females deposit egg cases (oothecae) in hidden areas or will glue them to the side of a structure. Up to 16 immature cockroaches (nymphs) will emerge from the case in 5 to 7 weeks. Nymphs will molt 10 or more times in a year before becoming an adult. Adult cockroaches can live up to one year producing an average of 150 young during that time.. ...
Pearl-white Leghorns McMurray Hatchery Stock: Review [IMG] Young Pearl-white Leghorn Rooster from McMurray Hatchery. The pearl-white chicks arrived healthy and very active. They had...
Hi! My chick is about 3 weeks old and I was wondering if anyone could help identify what type of chicken he is, along with the gender? When we got him, he was in a box with a bunch of white leghorn chickens but he was the only tan one. They said he was a leghorn but I wasnt sure if there was a ...
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Gondos (Ardisia compressa Kunth) are an oft-overlooked endemic berry that grows prolifically in the cerro of Puerto Vallarta and Cabo Corrientes.
A Japanese study offers a hint why American cockroaches are so hard to get rid of: Females can breed for years and multiply their numbers dozens of times alone, without ever mating with a male.