PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparative effects of silymarin and vitamin E supplementation on oxidative stress markers, and hemoglobin levels among patients on hemodialysis. AU - Roozbeh, Jamshid. AU - Shahriyari, Bahram. AU - Akmali, Masoumeh. AU - Vessal, Ghazal. AU - Pakfetrat, Maryam. AU - Jalali, Ghanbar Ali Raees. AU - Afshariani, Raha. AU - Hasheminasab, Mahshid. AU - Ghahramani, Nasrollah. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2011/3. Y1 - 2011/3. N2 - Background: The incidence of accelerated atherosclerosis among patients on hemodialysis is very high and oxidative stress (OS) is a potentially major contributor to their morbidity and mortality. Objective: To evaluate the effects of Silymarin and/or vitamin E on OS markers and hemoglobin levels in patients on hemodialysis. Methods: Eighty patients on hemodialysis were randomized into four groups: Group 1 received silymarin 140 mg 3 times daily; Group 2 received vitamin E 400 IU/day; Group 3 received silymarin 140 mg ...
The VU Research Repository (previously known as VUIR) is an open access repository that contains the research papers and theses of VU staff and higher degree research students.
Eric Oetter profiles repeated-sprint athletes and their energetic demands and tells how to optimally prep the proper energy systems with interval training
Changes in exercise responses (A, SpO2; B, heart rate; C, RPE). Mean ± SD (n = 13). The repeated-sprint exercise protocol included a first set of eight sprints
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD ...
Exercise induces a multitude of physiological and biochemical changes in blood affecting its redox status. Tissue damage resulting from exercise induces activation of inflammatory cells followed by the increased activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO) in circulation. Vitamin C readily scavenges free radicals and may thereby prevent oxidative damage of important biological macromolecules. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of vitamin C supplementation on oxidative stress and neutrophil inflammatory response induced by acute and regular exercise. Experiment was conducted on acute exercise group (performing Bruce Treadmill Protocol (BTP)) and regular training group. Markers of lipid peroxidation, malondialdehyde (MDA), MPO activity, and vitamin C status were estimated at rest and after BTP (acute exercise group) and before and after vitamin C supplementation in both groups. Our results showed increased postexercise Asc in serum independently of vitamin supplementation. They also showed that vitamin
The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether vitamin C supplementation during chronic exercise training alters rat brain antioxidant content. Female Wistar albino rats were exercised on a treadmill for 30 min/day for 6.5 weeks and were administered daily intraperitoneal injections of vitamin C (20 mg/kg). After the training period, chronically exercised rats showed no significant changes in total brain thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels. In contrast, rats supplemented with vitamin C during the training period showed significantly elevated brain TBARS levels. If such results were extrapolated to man, where vitamin supplementation is a common practice, this would indicate that vitamin C supplementation may not protect brain tissue against exercise-induced oxidative damage, in such circumstances, this water-soluble antioxidant behaves as a pro-oxidant. ...
1. Rodríguez-Lorenzo L, Fernandez-Del-Olmo M, Martín-Acero R (2015) A critical review of the technique parameters and sample features of maximal kicking velocity in soccer. Strength and Conditioning Journal 37: 26-39.. 2. Lees A, Asai T, Andersen TB, Nunome H, Sterzing T (2010) The biomechanics of kicking in soccer: a review. J Sports Sci 28: 805-817. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2010.481305 20509089. 3. Bangsbo J, Iaia FM, Krustrup P (2007) Metabolic response and fatigue in soccer. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 2: 111-127. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.2.2.111 19124899. 4. Mohr M, Krustrup P, Bangsbo J (2005) Fatigue in soccer: a brief review. J Sports Sci 23: 593-599. doi: 10.1080/02640410400021286 16195008. 5. Russell M, Benton D, Kingsley M (2011) The effects of fatigue on soccer skills performed during a soccer match simulation. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 6: 221-233. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.6.2.221 21725107. 6. Ferraz R, van den Tillaar R, Ferraz S, Santos A, Mendes R, et al. (2011) A pilot study on the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Reproductibilité, validité et sensibilité dun test de répétition de sprints chez des jeunes footballeurs. AU - Selmi, M. A.. AU - Elloumi, M.. AU - Hambli, M.. AU - Sellami, M.. AU - Haj Yahmed, M.. AU - Haj Sassi, R.. PY - 2016/10/1. Y1 - 2016/10/1. N2 - Purposes To assess the reliability, criterion and construct validity of multiple repeated-sprint sets test (RSS) in young soccer players. Methods To investigate the reliability and criterion validity of the RSS test, 24 young soccer players who belong to a professional team club took part in this study. They performed the RSS test twice, both vertical and horizontal jumps, the 20-m maximal shuttle run test and the yoyo intermittent recovery test. To examine the construct validity of the RSS test, we recruited 25 other young soccer players who belong to a regional team club to complete the RSS test. Results Reliability of total sprint time (TST) and best sprint time (BST) of the RSS test was very good, with intraclass ...
Due to the broad spectrum of physical characteristics necessary for success in field sports, numerous training modalities have been used develop physical preparedness. Sports like rugby, basketball, lacrosse, and others require athletes to be not only strong and powerful but also aerobically fit and able to recover from high-intensity intermittent exercise. This provides coaches and sport scientists with a complex range of variables to consider when developing training programs. This can often lead to confusion and the misuse of training modalities, particularly in the development of aerobic and anaerobic conditioning. This review outlines the benefits and general adaptations to 3 commonly used and effective conditioning methods: high-intensity interval training, repeated-sprint training, and small-sided games. The goals and outcomes of these training methods are discussed, and practical implementations strategies for coaches and sport scientists are provided. ...
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of beta-alanine supplementation on specific tests for water polo. Fifteen young water polo players (16 ± 2 years) underwent a 200-m swimming performance, repeated-sprint ability test (RSA) with free throw (shooting), and 30-s maximal tethered …
Definition of ocular physiological phenomena in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of ocular physiological phenomena. What does ocular physiological phenomena mean? Information and translations of ocular physiological phenomena in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
PubMed is a very large database with records for millions of articles. Its easy to get overwhelmed! A great way to start your research is to take advantage of PubMeds Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). Try using the MeSH terms for Beverages, Food, and Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. You can browse for MeSH terms in the MeSH database. When you find one that you want to use, click the button on the right that says Add to search builder. When youre finished adding MeSH terms to your search, you can search PubMed using the Search PubMed button. Getting too many results? Try going back to MeSH and checking the box that says Restrict to MeSH Major Topic. This will limit your search results to only the most relevant articles. Remember you can also use the filters on the left side of the PubMed results screen! Using the Article Type - Review filter is particularly helpful when youre starting your research ...