The IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group / Canid Species Accounts. The fauna and flora of South America are remarkable for their endemism. The canids of South America are no exception. There are 10 canid species found here, of which 9 are endemic. The 10th species, the gray fox, occurs mainly in North and Central America, extending its range only into northern South America.. The majority of canids found in South America are commonly referred to as foxes. However, to distinguish the endemic South American Pseudalopex spp. (formerly Dusicyon) and Cerdocyon thous, we refer to these by their Spanish name zorro. The zorros are found in every habitat on the continent, from the coastal deserts (Sechuran zorro), to the open savanna (grey zorro, culpeo, Azaras zorros). While elsewhere (Asia, Africa) canids invariably shun the rain forest, one species of South American zorro is found in the rain forests (small-eared zorro) and another (the crab-eating zorro) inhabits coastal and lowland forests. In ...
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We use formaldehyde (HCHO) vertical column measurements from the Scanning Imaging Absorption spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography (SCIAMACHY) and Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), and a nested-grid version of the GEOS-Chem chemistry transport model, to infer an ensemble of top-down isoprene emission estimates from tropical South America during 2006, using different model configurations and assumptions in the HCHO air-mass factor (AMF) calculation. Scenes affected by biomass burning are removed on a daily basis using fire count observations, and we use the local model sensitivity to identify locations where the impact of spatial smearing is small, though this comprises spatial coverage over the region. We find that the use of the HCHO column data more tightly constrains the ensemble isoprene emission range from 27-61 Tg C to 31-38 Tg C for SCIAMACHY, and 45-104 Tg C to 28-38 Tg C for OMI. Median uncertainties of the top-down emissions are about 60-260% for SCIAMACHY, and 10-90% for OMI. We ...
This study examines a genome-wide dataset of 678 Short Tandem Repeat loci characterized in 444 individuals representing 29 Native American populations as well as the Tundra Netsi and Yakut populations from Siberia. Using these data, the study tests four current hypotheses regarding the hierarchical distribution of neutral genetic variation in native South American populations: (1) the western region of South America harbors more variation than the eastern region of South America, (2) Central American and western South American populations cluster exclusively, (3) populations speaking the Chibchan-Paezan and Equatorial-Tucanoan language stock emerge as a group within an otherwise South American clade, (4) Chibchan-Paezan populations in Central America emerge together at the tips of the Chibchan-Paezan cluster. This study finds that hierarchical models with the best fit place Central American populations, and populations speaking the Chibchan-Paezan language stock, at a basal position or separated ...
This study examines a genome-wide dataset of 678 Short Tandem Repeat loci characterized in 444 individuals representing 29 Native American populations as well as the Tundra Netsi and Yakut populations from Siberia. Using these data, the study tests four current hypotheses regarding the hierarchical distribution of neutral genetic variation in native South American populations: (1) the western region of South America harbors more variation than the eastern region of South America, (2) Central American and western South American populations cluster exclusively, (3) populations speaking the Chibchan-Paezan and Equatorial-Tucanoan language stock emerge as a group within an otherwise South American clade, (4) Chibchan-Paezan populations in Central America emerge together at the tips of the Chibchan-Paezan cluster. This study finds that hierarchical models with the best fit place Central American populations, and populations speaking the Chibchan-Paezan language stock, at a basal position or separated ...
This selective review of the Quaternary paleoclimate of the South American summer monsoon (SASM) domain presents viewpoints regarding a range of key issues in the field, many of which are unresolved and some of which are controversial. (1) El Niño-Southern Oscillation variability, while the most important global-scale mode of interannual climate variation, is insufficient to explain most of the variation of tropical South American climate observed in both the instrumental and the paleoclimate records. (2) Significant climate variation in tropical South America occurs on seasonal to orbital (i.e. multi-millennial) time scales as a result of sea-surface temperature (SST) variation and ocean-atmosphere interactions of the tropical Atlantic. (3) Decadal-scale climate variability, linked with this tropical Atlantic variability, has been a persistent characteristic of climate in tropical South America for at least the past half millennium, and likely, far beyond. (4) Centennial-to-millennial climate ...
Historically, most T. cruzi DTUs have had broadly distinct, but often overlapping, geographic and ecologic distributions (2). TcV and TcVI are largely confined to domestic transmission cycles and are sympatric with severe chronic and congenital human disease in southern South America (2). Increased sampling indicates that the geographic ranges of TcV and TcVI are more extensive than previously suggested. Putative domestic hybrid strains were identified recently as far north as Colombia (5); it is unclear whether these are bona fide TcV and TcVI isolates (suggesting long-range introduction) or progeny of a novel, independent, and local recombination event(s). Elucidation of the molecular epidemiology of TcV and TcVI has been complicated by limited sample collections and difficulties distinguishing these genotypes from their parental DTUs (6) and each other (7). We undertook high-resolution nuclear and mitochondrial genotyping of hybrid clones from Colombia to resolve their putative status as ...
South America With the exodus of more than 4. 5 million Venezuelans, South America is experiencing major change in migration flows and policies. Beyond the immediate migration crisis, the region has experienced more movement in recent years, chiefly for labor reasons, with Brazil the preferred destination for migration from outside the continent. Migration beyond South America is chiefly to the United States and Europe. The articles offered here sketch the dynamism of South Americas migration trends and policies. Page 9 |
This volume of quaternary vertebrate palaeontology in southern South America contains a range of topics from quaternary vertebrate palaeontology in Argentina an
Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. As the worlds fifth-largest country by area and sixth by population, it is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi) It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continents land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection. ...
In biogeography, the Neotropic or Neotropical realm is one of the eight terrestrial realms. This realm includes South America, Central America, the Caribbean islands, and southern North America. In Mexico, the Yucatán Peninsula and southern lowlands, and most of the east and west coastlines, including the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula are Neotropical. In the United States southern Florida and the coastal portion of the Rio Grande Valley in South Texas may be considered Neotropical. The realm also includes temperate southern South America. In contrast, the Neotropical Floristic Kingdom excludes southernmost South America, which instead is placed in the Antarctic kingdom. The Neotropic is delimited by similarities in fauna or flora. Its fauna and flora are distinct from the Nearctic realm (which includes most of North America) because of the long separation of the two continents. The formation of the Isthmus of Panama joined the two continents two to three million years ago, ...
Origins of agriculture - The Americas: Indigenous peoples in the Americas created a variety of agricultural systems that were suited to a wide range of environments, from southern Canada to southern South America and from high elevations in the Andes to the lowlands of the Amazon River. Agriculture arose independently in at least three regions: South America, Mesoamerica, and eastern North America. Although the Americas had several indigenous animal species that were domesticated, none were of an appropriate size or temperament for use as draft animals; as a result, the plow and other technology reliant on heavy traction were unknown. Swidden production, also known as slash-and-burn
Abstract:. Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) plays a key role in several biological functions, including human health. Skin exposure to UVR is the main factor in vitamin D photoconversion. There is also evidence relating low levels of vitamin D with certain internal cancers, mainly colon, breast and prostate, as well as other diseases. Several epidemiological studies have shown an inverse relationship between the above-mentioned diseases and latitude, in accordance with the ultraviolet radiation latitudinal gradient. The aim of this study is to determine whether UV irradiance levels in the southern South America are sufficient to produce suitable levels of vitamin D year around. For this purpose, vitamin D photoconversion weighted-irradiance was analyzed between S.S. de Jujuy (24.17°S, 65.02°W) and Ushuaia (54° 50′S, 68° 18′W). In addition to irradiance, skin type and area of body exposed to sunlight are critical factors in vitamin D epidemiology. Due to a broad ethnic variability, it was ...
Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Southern South American Migratory Grassland Bird Species and Their Habitats. ...
Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Southern South American Migratory Grassland Bird Species and Their Habitats. ...
In biogeography, the Neotropic or Neotropical realm is one of the eight terrestrial realms. This realm includes South and Central America, and in North America the southern Mexican lowlands, the Caribbean islands, southern Florida, and the coastal portion of the Río Grande Valley in South Texas because these regions share a large number of plant and animal groups.. The realm also includes temperate southern South America. In contrast, the Neotropical Floristic Kingdom excludes southernmost South America, which instead is placed in the Antarctic kingdom.. The Neotropic is delimited by similarities in fauna or flora. Its fauna and flora are distinct from the Nearctic (which includes most of North America) because of the long separation of the two continents. The formation of the Isthmus of Panama joined the two continents two to three million years ago, precipitating the Great American Interchange, an important biogeographical event.. The Neotropic includes more tropical rainforest (tropical and ...
Indias tropical south is a land full of fertile forests, sweeping grasslands and tea plantations. We visit the two southern states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, both with distinctive cultures and contrasting scenery. Kerala is a true tropical paradise with an idyllic coastline and lush tropical mountains, which is evident as we travel between the old spice town of Cochin and the beautiful hill station of Munnar.
Indias tropical south is a land full of fertile forests, sweeping grasslands and tea plantations. We visit the two southern states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, both with distinctive cultures and contrasting scenery. Kerala is a true tropical paradise with an idyllic coastline and lush tropical mountains, which is evident as we travel between the old spice town of Cochin and the beautiful hill station of Munnar.
We assessed the influence of the marine diazotrophic cyanobacterium Trichodesmium on the bio-optical properties of western tropical South Pacific (WTSP) waters (18-22 degrees S, 160 degrees E-160 degrees W) during the February-March 2015 OUTPACE cruise. We performed measurements of backscattering and absorption coefficients, irradiance, and radiance in the euphotic zone with a Satlantic MicroPro free-fall profiler and took Underwater Vision Profiler 5 (UPV5) pictures for counting the largest Trichodesmium spp. colonies. Pigment concentrations were determined by fluorimetry and high-performance liquid chromatography and picoplankton abundance by flow cytometry. Trichome concentration was estimated from pigment algorithms and validated by surface visual counts. The abundance of large colonies counted by the UVP5 (maximum 7093 colonies m(-3)) was well correlated to the trichome concentrations (maximum 2093 trichomes L-1) with an aggregation factor of 600. In the Melanesian archipelago, a maximum of ...
Rifts World Book 6: South America is the first of two books covering the continent of South America for Palladiums popular role playing game system for 12 year old boys. As with most World Books for Rifts, the South America outing does its best to distill the rich heritage and culture of a region into a series of types of power armor and breeds of mutants, to which it then adds a whole lot of nonsense about bug monsters and dinosaurs. It doesnt quite count as cultural appropriation when there is a vampire gaucho fighting a mechanical t-rex ...
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Facts about South America - South America Facts to Known geographical, historical, cultural and other amazing South Americam facts.
List of upcoming South America (South America) official public holidays, bank holidays, government holidays and non-national holidays from August 2020 to July 2021. Updated nightly and also available in our Android and iPhone/iPad apps.
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Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro said on Wednesday he would meet with other South American countries to set common policy for defending the Amazon rain forest, while his foreign minister told Reuters the nation should be seen as an environmental hero.
Adventure Holidays in South America With lost cities, rainbow mountains, salt plains, and extraordinary wildlife, holidays in South America are imbued with a magic all of their own. From the Caribbean Coast of Venezuela to the glacial fjords of Patagonia, South Americas epic canvas takes in a riotous mix of culture, and outstanding adventure trails.Theres trekking in Chile; Machu Picchu peaking through the cloud forest in Peru; bird spotting in Guyana or Galapagos. And then theres the Amazon. Exploring the biggest and most diverse ecosystem in the world is the stuff that holiday legends are made of. Add in Argentinas deliciously smokey red wine and plate-sized steaks, and your South America tour has all the ingredients for the an adventure holiday like no other.
The South American coati is widespread in tropical and subtropical South America. Most of its distribution is in the lowlands east of the Andes (locally, it occurs as high as 2,500 m or 8,200 ft), from Colombia and The Guianas south to Uruguay and northern Argentina (Chile is the only South American country where the species is not found).[2][3]. The status of coatis west of the Andes has caused some confusion,[4] but specimen records from west Ecuador, and north and west Colombia are South American coatis.[5][6] The only documented records of white-nosed coatis in South America are from far northwestern Colombia (Gulf of Urabá region, near Colombian border with Panama).[5][6] The smaller mountain coatis are mainly found at altitudes above the South American coati, but there is considerable overlap.[7]. ...
Background Cryptic morphological variation in the Chiropteran genus Myotis limits the understanding of species boundaries and species richness within the genus. Several authors have suggested that it is likely there are unrecognized species-level lineages of Myotis in the Neotropics. This study provides an assessment of the diversity in New World Myotis by analyzing cytochrome-b gene variation from an expansive sample ranging throughout North, Central, and South America. We provide baseline genetic data for researchers investigating phylogeographic and phylogenetic patterns of Myotis in these regions, with an emphasis on South America. Methodology and Principal Findings Cytochrome-b sequences were generated and phylogenetically analyzed from 215 specimens, providing DNA sequence data for the most species of New World Myotis to date. Based on genetic data in our sample, and on comparisons with available DNA sequence data from GenBank, we estimate the number of species-level genetic lineages in South
Bolivia has officially declared Israel a terrorist state, while several South American countries have pulled their ambassadors from Israel in protest of the ongoing war with militant Islamist group Hamas in Gaza. Israels military has announced that it will continue fighting, however, until it destroys the terrorist tunnels it says are used by Hamas to attack soldiers and civilians inside Israel.
The sea temperature in the Other South Pacific Islands today and the sea water temperature forecast for the next 7 days in several cities in the Other South Pacific Islands.
In Myrtaceae (Myrteae), the diploid chromosome number 2n = 2x = 22 is the most common, although variations of ploidy level occur, with some triploid ( 2n = 3x = 33) and tetraploid (2n = 4x = 44) records. Karyotype details in this group are scarce because the chromosomes are small (, 2 mu m). In this work, we carried out a karyotypic analysis of 15 species of Myrtaceae grouped in different subtribes and genera. Measurements of chromosome length (long arm, L; short arm, S) were taken and several karyotypic parameters were calculated for each species. The karyotypes in fleshy-fruited taxa (Myrteae) were more varied than in the other previously analysed dry-fruited group ( Eucalyptus, Eucalypteae), in which the chromosomes were exclusively metacentric. (c) 2007 The Linnean Society of London, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2007, 155, 571-580 ...
The South American coati (Nasua nasua), also known as the ring-tailed coati, is native to South America. Its range is large and includes lowland tropical and subtropical habitats. The only South American country where this species does not occur is Chile. It can be found at elevations of up to 8,200 feet. This species is locally known as quati in the Portuguese language. It holds thirteen recognized subspecies.. The South American coati can reach an average body length between thirty-three and forty-four inches, with an average weight of up to sixteen pounds. Its tail is long, taking up nearly half of its body length. The coloring of this species can vary, and the rings found on the tail can be dark or light. Unlike its relative, the white-nosed coati, this species does not have a white nose.. The South American coati is active during the day, and can be found in trees or on the ground. Males are typically solitary, but females will gather groups known as bands, which consist of fifteen to ...
Chile is a long slice of land on the Pacific coast of South America. Dense forests, soaring mountains, blazing deserts and serene lakes make traveling the length of this country a dizzying whirlwind tour of natural landscape. From the equatorial warmth in its north to the icebergs on the south, Chile has a variety of climates. The ease and convenience you will find traveling in this country are due to the high amount of European visitors on South America tours, which is reflected in prices that are higher than its neighbors. Along with the indigenous Mapuche culture that has managed to preserve its traditional way of life, German, Spanish, Irish and English and immigrants add to the bevy of influences that extends to the people of Chile. The Torres del Paine National Park has mutli-colored granite towers, carved by glaciers. The undulating landscape bears the marks these massive ice floes left on the tundra of these Chilean foothills. Pink flamingoes, fast moving ostriches, dolphins, sea lions ...
With just about everywhere hosting their own music conference these days its now South Americas turn to jump on the bandwagon and presents the South American Music Conference, due to take place in Buenos Aries on the 11th December at the Centro Costa Salguero.. Fast developing a reputation for being the party capital of S. America reinforced with the recent addition of Creamfields to the Citys calendar and now this conference, Buenos Aries is leading the southerly continents conversion to dance music.. One of the organisers of the event, Maria Noel, said: Buenos Aires is now the epicenter of cultural movement in South America. The inexhaustible supply of bistros, bars and nightclubs makes the perfect frame for nocturnal activity. The South American Music Conference is a unique opportunity to witness the wealth of dance music talent Latin America has to offer.. Every aspect of the industry promises to be represented at the event including artists, distributors, manufacturers, nightclub and ...
Due to both deliberate and accidental introductions, invasive African Clawed Frog (Xenopus laevis) populations have become established worldwide. In this study, we investigate the geographic origins of invasive X. laevis populations in France and Portugal using the phylogeographic structure of X. laevis in its native South African range. In total, 80 individuals from the whole area known to be invaded in France and Portugal were analysed for two mitochondrial and three nuclear genes, allowing a comparison with 185 specimens from the native range. Our results show that native phylogeographic lineages have contributed differently to invasive European X. laevis populations. In Portugal, genetic and historical data suggest a single colonization event involving a small number of individuals from the south-western Cape region in South Africa. In contrast, French invasive X. laevis encompass two distinct native phylogeographic lineages, i.e., one from the south-western Cape region and one from the ...
Alstroemeriaceae is a family of flowering plants, with 254 known species in four genera (Christenhusz & Byng 2016 [2]), almost entirely native to the Americas, from Central America to southern South America. One species of Luzuriaga occurs in New Zealand, and the genus Drymophila is endemic to south-eastern Australia. The genus Alstroemeria, commonly called the Peruvian lilies, are popular florists and garden flowers. The genus Bomarea is a vine that produces clusters of variously-colored, bell-shaped flowers. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Group-velocity tomography and lithospheric S-velocity structure of the South American continent. AU - Feng, Mei. AU - Assumpção, Marcelo. AU - Van der Lee, Suzan. PY - 2004/12/15. Y1 - 2004/12/15. N2 - The lithosphere of the South American continent has been studied little, especially in northern Brazil (the Amazonian region). A 3D lithospheric S-velocity model of South America was obtained by first carrying out Rayleigh and Love wave group-velocity tomography, and then inverting the regionalized dispersion curves. Fundamental mode group velocities were measured using a Multiple Filtering Technique. More than 12,000 paths were examined and about 6000 Rayleigh- and 3500 Love-wave dispersion curves with good quality were retrieved. Checkerboard tests showed that our dataset permits the resolution of features 400-800 km across laterally in the central part of the continent from crustal to upper mantle depths. Our results confirm previous tomographic results and correlate well with ...
Several North American species of Pogonomyrmex harvester ants exhibit group foraging, whereas South American species are exclusively solitary foragers. The composition of the secretions of the poison
The Georgia Department of Natural Resources has documented at least four adult Argentine black and white tegus in the state. Also, there have been 20 sightings in the stretch of forest, farmland and streams from the south Georiga town of Lyons to Reidsville.. The agency is encouraging residents to report sightings as biologists investigate their possible expansion into Georgia.. ___. Information from: Savannah Morning News, http://www.savannahnow.com. Associated Press ...
Bolivia - description and travel/(1) /Chile - description and travel/(1) /Colombia - description and travel/(1) /Ecuador - description and travel/(1) /Peru - people and places/(1) /Peru - travel and description/(1) /South America Collection/(1) /South American Inidans - Colombia/(1) 2007(1) Erfahrung(1) genre - travel(1) hardcover(1) Leben(1) loc:südamerika(1) non-fiction(1) Reisen(2) signiert(1) South America(3) stories(1) to-read(4) travel(2) travel literature(1) xxx(1) ...
Other articles where False beech is discussed: Fagales: Nothofagaceae: …consists of 35 species of Nothofagus that are scattered throughout southern South America, Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia, and the mountains of New Guinea. The history of the genus has frequently been cited as evidence of continental drift after the breakup of the single large continent of Gondwana during the…
Herpetological collection covering mainly lizards, snakes and terrestrial turtles of southern South America. Monte and Patagonian Steppe samples represent more than 80 % of the specimens. The majority of the specimens are lizards of the Liolaemus genus but a large number of Phymaturus, Diplolaemus, Homonota and Cnemidophorus species is deposited. Almost all material have tissues samples used mainly for phylogenetic and phylogeographic studies of the Grupo de Herpetologia Patagonica. Almost all specimens are fixed according standard procedures, except snakes and turtles; the majority of this samples were collected as dead specimens ...
The origin, affinity and paleoecology of macrofossils of soft-bodied organisms of the terminal Ediacaran Period have been highly debated. Previous discoveries in South America are restricted to small shelly metazoans of the Nama Assemblage. Here we report for the first time the occurrence of discoidal structures from the Upper Ediacaran Cerro Negro Formation, La Providencia Group, Argentina. Specimens are preserved in tabular sandstones with microbially-induced sedimentary structures. Flute marks and linear scours at the base of the sandstone layers indicate deposition under high energy, episodic flows. Stratigraphic, sedimentologic, petrographic and taphonomic analyses indicate that the origin of these structures is not related to abiotic process. Preservational and morphological features, as invagination and the presence of radial grooves, indicate that they resemble typical morphs of the Aspidella plexus. The large number of small-sized individuals and the wide range of size classes with skewed
High Resolution Animated Satellite loop of South America Including Water Vapor South America, Central America, Caribbean Sea, and the Southern Atlantic Ocean Satellite.
Sweet potatoes have an ancient history of cultivation as a food crop. Archaeological evidence suggests that sweet potatoes may have been grown in Peru for as long as 5,000 years. This crop is known to have been cultivated in the tropical Americas, Southeast Asia, and Polynesia at the time of the first visits to these regions by Europeans. Many botanists believe that the sweet potato originated in Central America or northern South America, and was then somehow transported to Asia during prehistoric times. This dispersal may have happened by now-forgotten, trans-Pacific trade or migration voyages, or possibly by seed capsules floating across the ocean.. There are many varieties of sweet potatoes, but these can be categorized into two broad groups. One group has moist, sweet tubers with an orange-colored interior-this is the type most commonly found in markets in North America. The other, more diverse group of sweet potatoes has a drier and mealier tuber, with a yellow, white, or red-colored ...
UCSF researchers in Brazil are working on drug development for Chagas disease and genetic susceptibility to visceral leishmaniasis. Large clinical trial cohorts, many of them HIV related, have sites in South America, such as International Network for Strategic Initiatives in Global HIV Trials (INSIGHT), International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group (IMPAACT), and the Tuberculosis Trial Consortium. The Prevention and Public Health Group (PPHG) (formerly the Institute for Global Health) works with PEPFAR on HIV/AIDS epidemiology, prevention, and treatment program implementation in Guyana.. Policy research based at UCSF engages with the cost of essential medications and tobacco control in South America.. ...
More than any other continent, South America has preserved the conditions that allow mythology to be freely produced. Dividing the continent into seven carefully mapped regions, John Bierhorst shows how South Americas principal myths can be traced from tribe to tribe and how each region has developed its own unique oral tradition. Generous samples from the stories themselves introduce the female creators of the northern Andes, the male gods of the ancient Incas, and the Brazilian tricksters Sun and Moon. Originally published in 1988, Bierhorst has updated the text to reflect the abundance of new information that has become available since the mid 80s and written a new Afterword in which he emphasizes the durability of Indian mythology. Illustrations of native artwork and chapters devoted to special topics--including the connections between myths and politics--help to provide a well-rounded overview of this fascinating and little-known lore. Detailed maps show tribal locations and the distribution of
The Iguazu waterfalls. Argentina, Brazil, South America Stock Photo. csp7797911 - The Iguazu waterfalls. Argentina, Brazil, South America. Affordable Royalty Free Stock Photography. Downloads for just $2.50, with thousands of images added daily. Subscriptions available for just $39.00. Our stock photo image search engine contains royalty free photos, vector clip art images, clipart illustrations.
ELECTRIC FUEL OIL PRE-HEATERS SOUTH AMERICA REPORT + DATABASE The Electric Fuel Oil Pre-Heaters South America Report & Database gives Market Consumption...
The various segments of the South America market for Wine have been discussed carefully at length. The various application segments, product segments, and end user segments have been discussed in the report, leveraging historical and current figures. Leveraging both primary and secondary research, the report arrives at growth figures for each of the segments. This enables it to find out the South America market for Wines growth prospects. This helps to furnish a granular overview of the market for Wine and the areas where main opportunities lie ...
Find cheap flights from Inverness to South America. Search the best prices for return flights with Qatar Airways, Japan Airlines, Cathay Pacific from 300+ websites. Get real-time pricing on Inverness to South America airfare in seconds on Cheapflights.co.uk today.
Snow forecast map for South America showing snow accumulation over the next 10 days and past 7 days, plus snow reports, live weather conditions and webcams. Find the best snow conditions in South America for skiing and snowboarding.
South America: Sheep And Goat Meat - Market Report. Analysis And Forecast To 2025 South America: Sheep And Goat Meat - Market Report. Analysis And - Market research report and industry analysis - 11522659
The Piperaceae, one of the larger families of flowering plants, is pantropic in its distribution. Species are especially abundant in Latin America. They extend from the Keys of Florida through the West Indies, Mexico, and Central America, south- ward to Chile and Argentina. They occur in greatest number throughout northern South America from Brazil to Peru and northward to Panama and Costa Rica. Some species are widespread in their occurrence but each country has a rather large number of endemics. The total number of valid American species is unknown but unquestionably amounts to many hundreds and may approximate 2,000 or more. A number of species of widespread distribution; e.g., Piper aduncurn, P. hispidum, P. marginatum, and others appear to exhibit an infinite capacity of varia- tion in minor characters of leaf size, shape, and indumentum. The extremes often appear quite distinct in themselves but study of large numbers of collections may reveal intergradations to such a degree that the ...
Abstract. Sampling along a precipitation gradient in tropical South America extending from ca. 0.8 to 2.0 m a−1, savanna soils had consistently lower exchangeable cation concentrations and higher C / N ratios than nearby forest plots. These soil differences were also reflected in canopy averaged leaf traits with savanna trees typically having higher leaf mass per unit area but lower mass-based nitrogen (Nm) and potassium (Km). Both Nm and Km also increased with declining mean annual precipitation (PA), but most area-based leaf traits such as leaf photosynthetic capacity showed no systematic variation with PA or vegetation type. Despite this invariance, when taken in conjunction with other measures such as mean canopy height, area-based soil exchangeable potassium content, [K]sa , proved to be an excellent predictor of several photosynthetic properties (including 13C isotope discrimination). Moreover, when considered in a multivariate context with PA and soil plant available water storage ...
A prime example of the kind of evidence at hand to establish transoceanic transport for such organisms is the case of the hookworm, Ancylostoma duodenale. Its relative rarity in some tropical areas of the New World and its long-term prevalence in East and Southeast Asia make the latter area the place where epidemiologists think the organism originated. At first early historians of medicine assumed that A. duodenale had been introduced into the Americas by slaves brought from Africa. Early in the 20th century, O. da Fonseca discovered the parasite in an isolated Amerindian population in the Amazon basin.49 Shortly afterward, microbiologist Samuel Darling weighed the evidence and concluded it was likely that the hookworm had reached native South American forest dwellers before Columbus arrived. If that could be proven, he observed, then the only plausible explanation for its presence in the New World would be that it arrived anciently via infected humans who had crossed the ocean.50. His ...
Yellow fever is a viral disease produced by mosquitoes, and is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America. Responsible for approximately 200,000 cases of clinical disease globally, the yellow fever virus also causes 30,000 deaths annually. Clinical disease ranges from mild febrile illness to severe disease with jaundice and hemorrhage ...
Yellow fever is a viral disease produced by mosquitoes, and is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America. Responsible for approximately 200,000 cases of clinical disease globally, the yellow fever virus also causes 30,000 deaths annually. Clinical disease ranges from mild febrile illness to severe disease with jaundice and hemorrhage ...
South America is a continent in the Southern Hemisphere, and part of the Western Hemisphere. To the west it borders the Pacific Ocean, to the east it borders the Atlantic Ocean, and the Caribbean Sea and North America are northwest of it. Together with North America it forms the Americas, and it was named after Amerigo Vespucci. It is the fourth largest continent by area at 17,840,000 km2 (6,890,000 sq miles), and covers almost 3.5% of the earths surface. Its population in 2005 was 371 million, the fifth largest of the continents. ...
South American countries have an amazing and hybrid cuisine, that mixes Old and New World techniques and ingredients. Either if its from Perú, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Venezuela or Guyana, South American cuisine has a richness of flavors, colors,...
It is more than likely South American in origin. The are a large number of Spanish wrecks off the coast of Florida. Though the thought of Atlantis is intriguing, unfortunately, the most likely explanation is often the correct one. Couple that with the fact that Spain basically raped the native South Americans monetarily, and gold wise, it gives one a pretty good explanation of what it was and what it was doing there. Between piracy, hurricanes, etc, there is no doubt in my mind that came from a Spanish ship. People such as Mel Fisher have made millions from their finds, and it is pretty common to find random Spanish gold walking on the beach in Eastern South Florida. Every few months we here a story about such on the local news ...
The piculets are a subfamily of small woodpeckers which are mostly in tropical South America, with just three Asian and one African species. Like true woodpeckers, piculets have large heads, long tongues to get their insect prey and zygodactyl feet, with two toes pointing forward, and two backwards. However, they lack the stiff tail feathers that woodpeckers use when climbing trees. They are more likely to perch on a branch rather than an upright trunk. They eat insects and grubs mainly from decaying wood. They re-use woodpecker holes for nesting, rather than making their own holes. The eggs are white, as with many hole nesters. There are 30 species in all.[1] It is known that they split off from mainstream woodpeckers in the middle Miocene about 15 million years ago (mya). Splits between the three genera happened about 7.9 mya.[2] Typically these birds have grey or dull green upperparts and dark-streaked white underparts. ...
Chileans have a reputation for being more reserved than other South Americans. But that hardly seems to apply to Santiagos nightlife; it is just as lively and fun as in Buenos Aires and Lima. Locals party in the numerous bars and clubs of the Chilean capital as if there is no tomorrow.
The Central Bank of Chile in Santiago serves as the central bank for the country. The Chilean currency is the Chilean peso (CLP). Chile is one of South Americas most stable and prosperous nations,[10] leading Latin American nations in human development, competitiveness, income per capita, globalization, economic freedom, and low perception of corruption.[12] Since July 2013, Chile is considered by the World Bank as a high-income economy.[132][133][134]. Chile has the highest degree of economic freedom in South America (ranking 7th worldwide), owing to its independent and efficient judicial system and prudent public finance management.[135] In May 2010 Chile became the first South American country to join the OECD.[136] In 2006, Chile became the country with the highest nominal GDP per capita in Latin America.[137]. Copper mining makes up 20% of Chilean GDP and 60% of exports.[138] Escondida is the largest copper mine in the world, producing over 5% of global supplies.[138] Overall, Chile ...
South American countries are looking to geothermal energy for hope in the future. There is large geothermal potential in most South American nations and several have released
Disease caused by the protozoan parasite (Trypanosoma cruzi) transmitted by bites of blood-feeding Assassin bugs (Hemiptera: Reduviidae, subfamily Triatominae). Occurs in northern South America, Central America, and Mexico.
The genus Porthidium includes nine pitviper species inhabiting Mexico, Central America, and northern South America. Porthidium porrasi is a species endemic to the Southwest of Costa Rica, for which no information on its venom was available. In this study, the proteomic composition and functional activities of P. porrasi venom are described. The most abundant venom proteins were identified as metalloproteinases (36.5%). In descending order of abundance, proteins belonging to the disintegrin, phospholipase A2, serine proteinase, C-type lectin/ lectin-like, vascular endothelial growth factor, Cysteine-rich secretory protein, L-amino acid oxidase, phospholipase B, and phosphodiesterase families were also identified. P. porrasi venom showed a weak lethal potency in mice (10 μg/g body weight by intraperitoneal route), induced marked hemorrhage and edema, and weak myotoxic effect. These in vivo activities, as well as those assayed in vitro (proteolytic and phospholipase A2 activities) correlated with ...