TY - THES. T1 - Quantifying live potato cyst nematodes (Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida) and cultural practices to reduce their survival. AU - Ebrahimi, Negin. PY - 2015/10/22. Y1 - 2015/10/22. M3 - Doctoral dissertation - Doctoral dissertation. ER - ...
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 18:621-625...Qing Chen , 1 S. Rehman , 2 G. Smant , 2 and John T. Jones 1...© 2005 The American Phytopathological Society...RNA interference (RNAi) has been used widely as a tool for examining gene function and a method that allows its use with plant-parasitic nematodes recently has been described. Here, we use a modified method to analyze the function of secreted β-1,4, endoglucanases of the potato cyst nematode Globod...
Maris Piper is the most widely grown potato variety in the United Kingdom accounting for 16 % of the planted area in 2014. Introduced in 1966 it was one of the first potato varieties bred to be resistant to a form of potato cyst nematode, a major pest of potato production in the UK. It has been the most widely grown variety in the UK since 1980 and is suitable for a range of uses including chips, roast potatoes and mashed potatoes. Attempts to find resistance to the potato cyst nematode Globodera rostochiensis in wild potatoes began in 1941 when Conrad Ellenby started testing over 60 species held in the Commonwealth Potato Collection, finding that few were resistant or suitable to breed with cultivated potatoes. In a letter to Nature in 1952 Ellenby reported that by 1948 he had found four types that were resistant and could be crossed with contemporary varieties. All four were the species Solanum tuberosum andigena and one of these, CPC 1673 was the source of nematode resistance in Maris Piper. ...
article{62f3985e-a946-40ca-a489-6a8f8076cf24, abstract = {,p,Inside-out submitochondrial particles (IO-SMP) were isolated and purified from potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv.) tubers. When these IO-SMP were incubated with [γ,sup,32,/sup,P]ATP more then 20 proteins became labelled as a result of phosphorylation. The ,sup,32,/sup,P incorporation was stimulated by the oxidizing reagent ferricyanide. Except for a 17 kDa protein which was phosphorylated only in the absence of divalent cations, the protein phosphorylation required Mg,sup,2+,/sup,. The time for half-maximum ,sup,32,/sup,P incorporation was 4 min for the 22 kDa phospho-F,sub,1,/sub, δ-subunit and 2 min for the 28 kDa phospho-F,sub,0,/sub, b-subunit of the proton-ATPase. The K(m) for ATP for the detected phosphoproteins was between 65 μM and 110 μM. The pH optimum for protein phosphorylation in inner membranes was between pH 6 and 8, and for the F,sub,1,/sub, δ-subunit and the F,sub,0,/sub, b-subunit the pH optima were 6.5-8 and pH 8, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prediction of Starch, Soluble Sugars and Amino Acids in Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) Using Hyperspectral Imaging, Dielectric and LF-NMR Methodologies. AU - Kjær, Anders. AU - Nielsen, Glenn. AU - Stærke, Søren. AU - Clausen, Morten Rahr. AU - Edelenbos, Merete. AU - Jørgensen, Bjarke. PY - 2016/12. Y1 - 2016/12. N2 - Handling and processing of potatoes is performed in increasingly large and more automated facilities, and the industry calls for more automated machinery for quality assessment and sorting by concentration of starch, soluble sugars, protein, amino acids etc. of the potato tubers. The present study was designed to evaluate five different scanning methods for their potential use in potato assessment and sorting. Two methods were based on hyperspectral imaging, two were based on dielectric/bio-impedance and one was based on low-field nuclear magnetic resonance. A set of 60 potatoes of 10 different cultivars were simultaneously sampled for analyses of content and ...
Phytotoxicity of Oxidised and Reduced Nitrogen Aerosols on Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.) Crop: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1715-3.ch008: In a field trial (2012), simulated aerosols: NH4Cl (reduced) and NaNO2 (oxidised) @ 10 & 20 kg ha-1y-1 (˜ 100 ppm & ˜ 200 ppm respectively), 1000 cm3m-2 of
We isolated the CIP353 cDNA, which encodes a novel cold-inducible protein, from cold-stored tubers of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). The level of CIP353 transcripts began to increase in tubers 2 weeks after storage at 3°C and continued increasing for at least 3 months during storage. This increase was not observed in tubers stored at ≥9°C. The increased level of transcripts in tubers stored at 3 or 6°C decreased when the tubers were shifted to 20°C. These data suggest that CIP353 is a temperature-dependent and slowly responsive cold-inducible gene of potato. The middle of the deduced amino acid sequence of CIP353 cDNA showed high similarity to the AP2/ERF domain, which occurs in some plant regulatory factors. The deduced protein contained a putative basic nuclear-localization signal and potential acidic activation domains. These data suggest that CIP353 protein is a transcription factor of genes expressed in tubers under long-term storage at low temperatures.. ...
Potato has been known in Europe for the past 400 years. Potato breeding began after the global Phytophthora infestans epidemics in 1840 and 1841. The first breeding attempts were to increase the P. infestans resistance in cultivated potato. In the 21st century, new potato cultivars have been evaluated for more than 50 traits, both for disease and pest resistance, and significant tuber traits. Modern potato breeding requires biotechnology. Cell and tissue culture, genetic engineering and DNA-based molecular markers are the most promising areas of molecular biology for potato breeding. However, there are few reports indicating the actual use of biotechnology in potato breeding programs. Cisgenesis and DNA markers that reside within resistance genes or physically close to them and identified in a fully automated system are a chance for the progress in the future ...
Also provides initial update on 1,000 Plant & Animal Reference Genomes Project at 2nd annual conference. BGI (previously known as the Beijing Genomics Institute), the largest genomic organization in the world, announced today that it was among the research organizations comprising the Potato Genome Sequencing Consortium (PGSC) that completed the genome sequence and analysis of the tuber crop potato, published as an Advance Online Publication in Nature.. This study marks an important milestone in Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) genome research, revealing new insights into the evolutionary history of the potato genome, causes of inbreeding depression, and potential mechanisms of tuber initiation and development. These insights will generate great interest among botanists and breeders worldwide and facilitate the genetic engineering of this vital crop.. BGI and its collaborators carried out the de novo sequencing, genome assembly and annotation of the potato genome, elucidating the evolutionary ...
OBJECTIVE We aimed to elucidate whether potato consumption is associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We analyzed data in three cohorts consisting of U.S. male and female health professionals without diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at baseline: 70,773 women from the Nurses Health Study (1984-2010), 87,739 women from Nurses Health Study II (1991-2011), and 40,669 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2010). Potato consumption was assessed quadrennially using validated food frequency questionnaires (FFQs), and we calculated 4-year change in potato consumption from consecutive FFQs. Self-reported T2D diagnosis was confirmed using a validated supplementary questionnaire. RESULTS During 3,988,007 person-years of follow-up, 15,362 new cases of T2D were identified. Higher consumption of total potatoes (including baked, boiled, or mashed potatoes and french fries) was significantly associated with an elevated risk for T2D: the ...
Natural co-infection of solanum tuberosum crops by the potato yellow vein virus and potyvirus in colombia . Wilmer J. Cuellar ; Mónica Guzmán-Barney ;Agronomía Colombiana 2014, 32 2. Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Both Sweet Potato and White Potato are tubers, a type of plant that stores energy in tubular root systems. There are many of these types of plants. Carrots, swedes, turnips, yams, sweet potato and white potato are the most commonly known examples of vegetables that come from plants with these tubular root systems.. Sweet Potato and White Potato are rich in energy as a result. They make a great side dish and can be enjoyed mashed, boiled, steamed, baked and fried. They both originate from Central and South America where they have been cultivated for thousands of years.. Krista Scott-Dixon and Brian St. Pierre from Precision Nutrition note some of these key differences in their article, Sweet vs. regular potatoes: Which potatoes are really healthier?. Botanically, they write, potatoes and sweet potatoes are completely unrelated.. Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) are from the Solanaceae family of plants. They are related to plants like tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and the inedible, deadly, ...
Historically, potato has been notoriously difficult to work with. It is a tetraploid, meaning its cells contain four copies of each chromosome, which makes it difficult to breed. Despite decades of improvement work, the crop remains susceptible to pests, pathogens and inbreeding depression (where new potato lines are weaker than their parents). Sequencing of the potato genome should speed efforts to address these issues. It will take researchers awhile to use the genome information to improve its agronomic traits, such as improved quality, yield, drought tolerance and disease resistance. But our most recent research will accelerate efforts to improve potato varieties and help close the gap in bringing a better potato to the farmer, says Robin Buell, a plant biologist at Michigan State University, one of three co-leaders of the potato genome project. Jiang says the availability of potatos genetic code will get him back in the game of hunting-or cloning-genes of value to the potato industry. He ...
Author: Maimann, S. et al.; Genre: Journal Article; Published in Print: 2000; Keywords: cystathionine beta-lyase|br/|methionine biosynthesis|br/|pyridoxal 5 '-phosphate|br/|gc-ms|br/|cystathionine|br/|homocysteine|br/|methionine biosynthesis|br/|gamma-synthase|br/|arabidopsis-thaliana|br/|escherichia-coli|br/|threonine synthase|br/|s-adenosylmethionine|br/|spinach-chloroplasts|br/|lemna-paucicostata|br/|solanum-tuberosum|br/|purification; Title: Transgenic potato plants reveal the indispensable role of cystathionine beta-lyase in plant growth and development
Generation and characterization of activation tagged potato mutants could aid in functional genomic studies. Morphological and molecular studies were conducted to compare potato cv. Bintje, its two mutants, underperformer (up), and nikku generated using the activation tagging vector pSKI074, and nikku revertant plants. Mutant up exhibited a dwarf phenotype (plant height 42 cm vs. 73 cm in cv. Bintje), abundant axillary shoot growth (3.1 shoots/plant compared to 0.7 shoots/plant in cv. Bintje; in vitro plants), greater tuber yield, altered tuber traits and early senescence compared to wild-type Bintje under in vitro conditions. Under in vivo conditions, the dwarf and early senescence phenotypes of the mutant were consistent, but the tuber yield of up was less (250 g/plant compared to 610 g/plant in wild-type Bintje) and had fewer axillary shoots compared to wild-type (1.9 shoots/plant in up vs. 4.7 shoots/plant in Bintje). Mutant nikku plants exhibited an extremely dwarf phenotype (plant height 2 ...
Read The Changes in the Pathways of Mitochondrial Oxidation at the Initial Period of Tuber Development, Russian Journal of Plant Physiology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
AP) -- A global team of researchers has mapped the genetic code of the worlds most popular vegetable - the potato.. The draft of the potato genome released last week represents the work of more than 50 scientists from 16 institutions and will provide a starting point for other researchers to develop sturdier, more nutritious potatoes.. Thats important because the potato is widely grown and plays a central role in feeding the worlds 6.3 billion people, said Robin Buell, a Michigan State University plant biologist who worked on the project. The East Lansing school announced the results in the U.S.. The potato is the most important vegetable worldwide, Buell said. This report on potato (genes) is a major milestone in genome mapping.. The Potato Genome Sequencing Consortium began work in 2006. It has 16 institutional members in Argentina, Britain, Chile, China, India, Ireland, Netherlands, New Zealand, Peru, Poland, Russia and the United States. Michigan State and Virginia Tech are formal ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Changes in levels of organic acids and other anions during tuberization in Solanum tuberosum.. AU - Vreugdenhil, D.. AU - Krizkova, L.. AU - de Bruijn, S.M.. PY - 1994. Y1 - 1994. M3 - Abstract. VL - 36. SP - 75. JO - Biologia Plantarum. JF - Biologia Plantarum. SN - 0006-3134. ER - ...
The control of shoot branching and its impact on plant architecture have fundamental implications for the development of more productive crops (reviewed in Xie et al., 2010; Brewer et al., 2013). Considerable progress has been made in understanding the hormonal control of axillary bud outgrowth. The discovery of the importance of the shoot apex, in decapitation experiments, led to the formulation of the apical dominance theory. According to this, auxin, known then as the growth substance, inhibits the outgrowth of lateral buds (Thimann & Skoog, 1933). Several early studies focused on the antagonistic roles of auxins and cytokinins (CKs) in controlling bud outgrowth (Skoog & Thimann, 1940; Gunckel & Thimann, 1949; Thimann et al., 1971; Morris, 1977), also detailed in more recent work (Bangerth et al., 2000; Pernisova et al., 2009; Shimizu-Sato et al., 2009).. However, experiments studying long-distance signals in mutants that exhibited increased branching or tillering suggested that factors in ...
Read Molecular cloning, expression and characterization of tropinone reductase II, an enzyme of the SDR family in Solanum tuberosum (L.), Plant Molecular Biology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Introduction. Osmosis Aim To find the osmotic pressure of potato cells. I can find this out, when there is no net movement (change of mass in potato cylinder) when placed in different concentrations of sugar solution. Background Information Arrangement and movement of particles in solids, liquids and gases. Solids have strong forces of attraction between molecules. The molecules are held in fixed positions, in a very regular lattice arrangement. They keep a definite shape and volume. Solids cant be compressed because the molecules are very close together. Solids are generally very dense. Liquids have some force of attraction between molecules. The molecules are free to move. Liquids dont keep a definite shape. The molecules are constantly moving in random motion. Liquids cant be compressed because the molecules are already packed closely together; liquids are quite dense. Gases do not have a force of attraction between their molecules. The molecules are free to move. Gases dont keep a ...
Solanum tuberosum Stprx2 protein: putative peroxidase; induced in response to wounding and to infection by Phytophthora infestans; isolated from potato; GenBank AJ401150
LA SALLE GREEN HILLS Comparative Study Between the Bioplastic Properties of Agar-Agar (Gelidium amansii) and Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Starch Submitted by
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Plant Disease 96:1422-1429...Plant Disease 96:1422-1429...Response of Potato Cultivars to Five Isolates Belonging to Four Strains of Potato virus Y...Bihua Nie, National Center for Vegetable Improvement (Central China), MOE Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology, Hubei Provincial Research Center of Potato Engineering and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China, and Potato Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-F...
Ectopic auxin overproduction in transgenic potato leads to enhanced productivity accompanied with concerted and occasional changes in hormonal status, and causing altered response of transformants to
Affinity purified Solanum tuberosum lectin/agglutinin (STA/STL) is a hydroxyproline-rich glycoprotein. This lectin contains 50% carbohydrates, predominantly arabinose; and consists of two subunits. STA/STL binds oligomers of N-acetylglucosamine and some bacterial cell wall oligosaccharides containing N-acetylglucosamin
Domain architectures containing the following SCOP superfamilies _gap_,90257 in Solanum tuberosum . Domain architectures illustrate each occurrence of _gap_,90257.
馬鈴薯(Solanum Tuberosum)果皮提取物 - 表面活性劑 - 表面活性劑百科 - 表面活性劑百科(Surfactant.TOP),表面活性劑,陰離子表面活性劑,陽離子表面活性劑,非離子表面活性劑,兩性離子表面活性劑,氟表面活性劑,矽表面活性劑,純天然表面活性劑,高分子表面活性劑,生物表面活性劑,特殊表面活性劑 - 第1頁
Potato is a temperate crop requiring low temperatures for growth and yield. Production of potato in the semiarid lowland Nigeria is restricted to periods of lo...
Coombs, J.; Ellis, D.; Soto, J.; Gomez, R.; Douches, D.S. 2016. SNP Genotyping the International Potato Center (CIP) cultivated potato variety collection. 99. Annual Meeting of The Potato Association of America. Portland (USA). 19-23 Jul 2015. American Journal of Potato Research. (USA). ISSN 1099-209X. 93(2):127 ...
Based on the use of Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation commodity crop improvement through genetic engineering is the fastest adopted crop te
The global potato protein market is anticipated to witness significant growth by 2025, relying on the factors such as growing awareness about the benefits of potato protein and increasing demand from the food & beverages industry
Introduction. The aim of my investigation is to find out the sugar concentration of potato tuber cells. To do this, I decided to carry out an experiment that will test the rate of diffusion, or more particularly osmosis, between the tubers and various different sugar solutions. To do this I will take several potato tuber samples and cut each one to an equal length, weight them and then place them in different sugar solutions. During the experiment, one of two things may occur. Osmosis may happen as water travels through the partially permeable membrane of the potato from an area of dilute concentration to an area of higher concentration. If the potato is at a higher concentration than the solution, then water molecules will move to the potato form the solution until the two reach equilibrium. If the solution is at a higher concentration, then water molecules will move to the solution from the potato until equilibrium. Diffusion may also occur as sugar molecules move from an area of higher ...
Allelic state of the molecular marker for the golden nematode (Globodera rostochiensis) resistance gene h1 among ukrainian and world cultivars of potato (Solanum tuberosum ssp. Tuberosum ...
Background: Although the reference genome of Solanum tuberosum group Phureja double-monoploid (DM) clone is available, knowledge on the genetic diversity of the highly heterozygous tetraploid group … Tuberosum, representing most cultivated varieties, remains largely unexplored. This lack of knowledge hinders further progress in potato research and its subsequent applications in breeding. Results: For the DM genome assembly, two only partially-overlapping gene models exist differing in a unique set of genes and intron/exon structure predictions. First step was to merge and manually curate the merged gene model, creating a union of genes in Phureja scaffold. We next compiled available RNA-Seq datasets (cca. 1.5 billion reads) for three tetraploid potato genotypes (cultivar Désirée, cultivar Rywal, and breeding clone PW363) with diverse breeding pedigrees. Short-read transcriptomes were assembled using CLC, Trinity, Velvet, and rnaSPAdes de novo assemblers using different settings to test for ...
Background: Although the reference genome of Solanum tuberosum group Phureja double-monoploid (DM) clone is available, knowledge on the genetic diversity of the highly heterozygous tetraploid group … Tuberosum, representing most cultivated varieties, remains largely unexplored. This lack of knowledge hinders further progress in potato research and its subsequent applications in breeding. Results: For the DM genome assembly, two only partially-overlapping gene models exist differing in a unique set of genes and intron/exon structure predictions. First step was to merge and manually curate the merged gene model, creating a union of genes in Phureja scaffold. We next compiled available RNA-Seq datasets (cca. 1.5 billion reads) for three tetraploid potato genotypes (cultivar Désirée, cultivar Rywal, and breeding clone PW363) with diverse breeding pedigrees. Short-read transcriptomes were assembled using CLC, Trinity, Velvet, and rnaSPAdes de novo assemblers using different settings to test for ...
The genetically modified Innate potato was approved by the United States Department of Agriculture in 2014[1] and the US FDA in 2015.[2][3][4] The cultivar was developed by J. R. Simplot Company. It is designed to resist blackspot bruising, browning and to contain less of the amino acid asparagine that turns into acrylamide during the frying of potatoes. Acrylamide is a probable human carcinogen, so reduced levels of it in fried potato foods is desirable.[5][6] The Innate name comes from the fact that this variety does not contain any genetic material from other species (the genes used are innate to potatoes) and uses RNA interference to switch off genes. Simplot hopes that not including genes from other species will assuage consumer fears about biotechnology.[5] The Innate potato is not a single cultivar; rather, it is a group of potato varieties that have had the same genetic alterations applied using the same process. Five different potato varieties have been transformed, creating ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Construction of reference chromosome-scale pseudomolecules for potato. T2 - Integrating the potato genome with genetic and physical maps. AU - Sharma, Sanjeev Kumar. AU - Bolser, Daniel. AU - de Boer, Jan. AU - Sønderkær, Mads. AU - Amoros, Walter. AU - Carboni, Martin Federico. AU - DAmbrosio, Juan Martín. AU - de la Cruz, German. AU - Di Genova, Alex. AU - Douches, David S.. AU - Eguiluz, Maria. AU - Guo, Xiao. AU - Guzman, Frank. AU - Hackett, Christine A.. AU - Hamilton, John P.. AU - Li, Guangcun. AU - Li, Ying. AU - Lozano, Roberto. AU - Maass, Alejandro. AU - Marshall, David. AU - Martinez, Diana. AU - McLean, Karen. AU - Mejía, Nilo. AU - Milne, Linda. AU - Munive, Susan. AU - Nagy, Istvan. AU - Ponce, Olga. AU - Ramirez, Manuel. AU - Simon, Reinhard. AU - Thomson, Susan J.. AU - Torres, Yerisf. AU - Waugh, Robbie. AU - Zhang, Zhonghua. AU - Huang, Sanwen. AU - Visser, Richard G.F.. AU - Bachem, Christian W.B.. AU - Sagredo, Boris. AU - Feingold, Sergio E.. AU - ...
I also like sliced tomatoes. What Goes well with Potatoes? Though, honestly, fried potatoes are good with just about anything. This helps the seasonings stick to the potatoes better and adds a coating of flavor to the exteriors of the potatoes. https://www.justapinch.com/recipes/side/potatoes/loaded-fried-potatoes.html Should I force her to eat it? Chicken, I have had chicken so many times with fried Potatoes. Sweet potatoes in the grocery shop looked so fresh that you couldnt help but buying some. sahba. How to cook Potatoes and Onions on the stove. Add wine, and cook, stirring and scraping to loosen browned bits from bottom of skillet, until … Fried potatoes are a favorite at our house! There is no meal they cant pop up at, either. Doesnt that make the dish even more Expensive ? Beans. Still have questions? Please read our disclosure policy. 13 Answers. Pan Fried Potatoes. Irish Potato Cakes. The caramelized onions and cooked bacon add such a nice savory flavor to these potatoes. Im not ...
Zebra chip disease is named after the dark stripes it forms inside afflicted potato tubers when cut and fried to make chips. Zebra chip has caused millions of dollars in production and processing losses since its first reported U.S. occurrence in potato fields near McAllen and Pearsall, Texas, in 2000. The disease, whose above-ground symptoms include necrosis and purplish, upward-curling leaves, among others, has since been reported in several other states (California, Nevada, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Washington, Oregon, and Idaho), Mexico, parts of Central America, and New Zealand. (Click to enlarge) Potato Tubers affected by Zebra chip disease
After wheat and rice, potato is the third most important staple food worldwide. A collection of ten tetraploid (Solanum tuberosum) and diploid (S. phureja and S. chacoense) genotypes with contrasting carotenoid content was subjected to molecular characterization with respect to candidate carotenoid loci and metabolic profiling using LC-HRMS. Irrespective of ploidy and taxonomy, tubers of these genotypes fell into three groups: yellow-fleshed, characterized by high levels of epoxy-xanthophylls and xanthophyll esters and by the presence of at least one copy of a dominant allele of the β-Carotene Hydroxylase 2 (CHY2) gene; white-fleshed, characterized by low carotenoid levels and by the presence of recessive chy2 alleles; and orange-fleshed, characterized by high levels of zeaxanthin but low levels of xanthophyll esters, and homozygosity for a Zeaxanthin Epoxidase (ZEP) recessive allele ...
Isolated potato (Solanum tuberosum) tuber mitochondria purified by isopycnic centrifugation in density gradients of Percoll were found to be highly intact, to be devoid of extramitochondrial contaminations and to retain a high rate of O2 consumption. When suspended in a medium that avoided rupture of the outer membrane, intact purified mitochondria progressively lost their NAD+ content by passive diffusion. This led to a slow decrease of oxoglutarate-dependent O2 consumption by isolated mitochondria. Addition of NAD+ to the medium restored the initial State-3 rate of oxoglutarate oxidation. The rate of NAD+ accumulation in the matrix space was concentration-dependent, exhibited Michaelis-Menten kinetics and was strongly inhibited by the analogue N-4-azido-2-nitrophenyl-4-aminobutyryl-NAD+. ...
al domain. These proteins are thought to play important roles in the innate defense against invading microbes. SN1 and SN2 genes were isolated and sequenced from a range of potato cultivars/clones (Solanum tuberosum), as well as a diverse range of other Solanaceous species. The sequences were aligned with reference sequences of the StSN1 gene (AJ320185) and the StSN2 gene (AJ312424) using Vector NTI Advance 10 software. Allelic variation both within and between genotypes and/or species was observed for both SN1 (four alleles) and SN2 (six alleles). Most of the variation occurred within introns, with relatively few nucleotide substitutions in exons. The predicted amino acid sequence was highly conserved; identical for all SN1 alleles, with only minor amino acid substitutions observed in SN2 alleles present in different Solanum species. Overexpression of the SN genes in potato was achieved using Agrobacterium-mediated gene transfer. Plant expression vectors with both sense and antisense ...
This report describes the production of two Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) ERM-BF435a and b. ERM-BF435a was certified to contain less than the limit of the detection (LOD) of the event-specific PH05-026-0048 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method applied. ERM-BF435b was certified for its genetic identity with respect to the potato event PH05-026-0048. These dried potato powder materials were produced following ISO Guide 34:2009. Potato (Solanum tuberosum) tubers from the genetically modified (GM) potato event PH05-026-0048 were cut into small pieces, dried and ground to obtain the GM potato powder for ERM-BF435b. Potato tubers from a non-GM potato variety were treated in the same way to obtain the non-GM potato powder for ERM-BF435a. The purity of the raw materials used for producing ERM-BF435a and b has been established on the individual potato tubers used for processing. Various PCR screening methods were applied on each non-GM potato tuber to confirm that they are non-modified potato ...
Abscisic acid (ABA) is an essential component in the wound signalling cascade. Increased levels of endogenous ABA were observed after wounding and shown to be a requisite for wound-induced expression of the proteinase inhibitor II genes. We have taken advantage of the dominant character of the Arabi …
The potato cyst nematode Globodera pallida costs the UK potato industry over £50 million per annum. In order to invade a host plant, the infective J2 stage must hatch from eggs within the soil and migrate towards the root system. Orthologues of Caenorhabditis elegans genes involved in neurotransmission were identified in the G. pallida and G. rostochiensis genome assemblies. The complement of cys loop ligand gated ion channel genes was distinct compared to C. elegans and other parasitic nematodes. Orthologues of genes encoding subunits which comprise the C. elegans levamisole sensitive nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (cel-lev 1, cel-lev 8, cel-unc 29, cel-unc 63 and cel-unc 38) were searched for, and cel-lev 1 and cel-lev 8 orthologues were absent in both Globodera spp. Two orthologues were identified for cel-unc 29 and cel-unc 38. This suggested that the composition of the G. pallida L nAChR may differ. The use of C. elegans as a heterologous system to study the expression pattern of G. ...
TY - BOOK. T1 - Transmission of potato leafroll virus by aphids after feeding on virus preparations from aphids and plants. AU - Peters, D.. AU - van Loon, L.C.. N1 - Overdr.: Virology, 35(1968) 4, 597-600. PY - 1968. Y1 - 1968. KW - destructie. KW - vectoren, ziekten. KW - insecten. KW - plantenziekten. KW - gewasbescherming. KW - plantenvirussen. KW - aardappelen. KW - solanum tuberosum. KW - vectorbestrijding. KW - destruction. KW - disease vectors. KW - insects. KW - plant diseases. KW - plant protection. KW - plant viruses. KW - potatoes. KW - solanum tuberosum. KW - vector control. M3 - Report. T3 - Mededeling / Laboratorium voor virologie. BT - Transmission of potato leafroll virus by aphids after feeding on virus preparations from aphids and plants. CY - Wageningen. ER - ...
Summary A sequence of 5987 nucleotides is reported for the RNA of potato leafroll luteovirus (PLRV). The sequence contains six large open reading frames, and non-coding regions of 174 nucleotides at the 5′ end, 141 nucleotides at the 3′ end and 197 nucleotides between two large blocks of coding sequences. The 5′ coding region encodes two polypeptides of 28000 (28K) and 70K which overlap in different reading frames and circumstantial evidence suggests that the third open reading frame in the 5′ block is translated by frameshift readthrough near the end of the 70K polypeptide to give a 118K polypeptide. The C-terminal part of the 118K protein contains the consensus sequence for RNA-dependent RNA polymerases. In vitro translation of PLRV RNA resulted in the synthesis mainly of 28K and 70K polypeptides and the largest product made was about 125K; these sizes are similar to those predicted for the translation products of the 5′ block of coding sequence. The 3′ block of coding sequence codes for
Skinning injury on potato tubers is a kind of superficial wound that is generally inflicted by mechanical forces during harvest and postharvest handling operations. Though skinning injury is pervasive and obstructive, its detection is very limited. This study attempted to identify injured skin using two CCD (Charge Coupled Device) sensor-based machine vision technologies, i.e., visible imaging and biospeckle imaging. The identification of skinning injury was realized via exploiting features extracted from varied ROIs (Region of Interests). The features extracted from visible images were pixel-wise color and texture features, while region-wise BA (Biospeckle Activity) was calculated from biospeckle imaging. In addition, the calculation of BA using varied numbers of speckle patterns were compared. Finally, extracted features were implemented into classifiers of LS-SVM (Least Square Support Vector Machine) and BLR (Binary Logistic Regression), respectively. Results showed that color features performed
The dynamics of infection of wounded and unwounded tubers is crucial for understanding resistance to tuber infection caused by Phytophthora infestans. This study documented a comparative analysis of in vitro tuber blight development on potato cultivars incited by P. infestans based on wound-induced inoculations and unwounded assays and assessed their relationship to foliar and tuber blight occurrence under field conditions. Although variations in components of tuber resistance was observed among potato cultivars, estimation of tuber blight occurrence in the field could not be reliably predicted from in vitro laboratory assays and may be attributed to infection process in laboratory assays and sterile environments compared with interactive events that could affect tuber blight occurrence in the field.. Differences in tuber resistance to blight infection under field conditions can be attributed to variation in the development of the periderm (Lapwood, 1977), lenticel resistance (Lacey, 1967), to ...
INDONESIA:. Tanaman kentang (Solanum tuberosum Linn.) merupakan salah satu pangan utama dunia setelah padi, gandum dan jagung. Kentang juga termasuk salah satu komoditas hortikultura yang mempunyai nilai perdagangan domestik dan potensi ekspor yang cukup baik. Kendala utama dalam budi daya kentang di Indonesia adalah serangan hama dan penyakit. Pada bulan Maret 2003 di Desa Tulung Rejo, Kecamatan Bumiaji, Kota Batu, Malang Jawa Timur tanaman kentang teridentifikasi telah terserang Nematoda Sista Kuning (NSK) atau yang lebih dikenal dengan nama ilmiah Globodera rostochiensis yang membahayakan pertanaman tersebut. Untuk itulah perlu diadakan pengendalian terhadap serangan NSK dengan memanfaatkan bakteri endofit dari akar tanaman kentang sebagai salah satu agensia pengendalian hayati. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah (1) untuk mengetahui jenis-jenis bakteri endofit yang dapat ditemukan pada akar tanaman kentang, (2) untuk mengetahui apakah bakteri endofit dapat menghambat pertumbuhan larva ...
Potato Leafroll Virus (PLRV) and Potato Spindle Tuber Viroid (PSTVd) are pathogenes which cause cultivars degeneratation and yield reduction of potato,and spread extensively. Previous researches indicated that the spreading of PLRV by aphids redounded to the propagation of PSTVd. Therefore, it is especially important for potato cultivars to resist PLRV and PSTVd together. An effective and economic method to cultivate virus-resistant potato cultivars could be by plant genetic engineering.In this research marker-free bivalent expression vector p3301-DR-Isir with RNAi structure of PLRV IS and di-component ribozyme specificly cleaving PSTVd RNA(-)was constructed successfully, which could be used as gene source to transform potato cultivars for high resistances to PLRV and PSTVd. | Plant health
Professor Fadhil Hussein AL-sahaf. Al-Muharib, M.Z.K. & F. H. Al-Sahaf, 2010. Effect of some calcium salts spray on storability of potatoes( Solanum tuberosum L.). Al-furat Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2(1): 17-26. Arabic.. Jawad, L.Kh., M.S. Omer, & F.H. Al-Sahaf, 2010. Effect of salt stress on vegetative growth characteristics of four potato cultivars plantlets in vitro. Al-Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences 8(2): 168-189. Arabic.. Atee, A. S., F. h. Al-Sahaf, S. M. Khalaf, 2011. Effect of Glycerrhiza glabra on soil-water properties, aggregates stability and growth and yield of Allium sativum L. Al-Taqani 24(1): 53-65. Arabic.. Khalf, S. M. & F. H. Al-Sahaf, 2011. Effect of foam sulfur application and spray of Al-Nahrain nutrient solution on soil properties and growth of two varieties of garlic. Al-Taqani 24(1): 224-241. Arabic.. Al-Sahaf, F.H., M.,Z.K. Al-Muharib, & F.M. Jawad. 2011. Response of cucumber hybrids to chemical and organic fertilizers. The Iraqi Journal of Agricultural ...
Staff publications is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research. Staff publications contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.. Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.. Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.. We have a manual that explains all the features ...
Potato mop-top virus (PMTV) causes an economically important disease of potato. Serious yield and quality reductions can occur in some cultivars.
Lindqvist-Kreuze, H.; Gastelo, M.; Perez, W.; Forbes, G. A.; Koeyer, D. de.; Bonierbale, M. 2014. Phenotypic stability and genome wide association study of late blight resistance in potato genotypes adapted to the tropical highlands. Phytopathology. (USA). ISSN 0031-949X. 104(6):624-633 ...
Homeopathic Solanum Tuberosum - MOUTH indications, uses & symptoms from 12 cross linked materia medicas. Available 4X-30X, 2C-30C
Russets: These are the most widely used potato varieties due to their versatility. These are the most common potatoes used in making French fries but are also great for making fluffy mashed potatoes, dry baked potatoes, and scalloped potatoes. The Russet Burbank is the most popular variety, but other popular russet varieties include Goldrush, Ranger Russet and Russet Norkotah.. Whites: These varieties cover a range of shapes, sizes, and growing seasons. Superiors are a round white variety that are harvested early in the season and are commonly sold as new potatoes in the summer months. Kennebec is another popular round white variety, excellent for making creamy mashed potatoes or used in potato salads, stews or soups. Round white varieties such as Atlantic and Dakota Pearl are popular in making potato chips. Shepody is a long white variety grown primarily as an early season potato for making French fries in PEI.. Reds: Most red potatoes have a rosy, red skin and white flesh. These potatoes are ...
A presentation about the importance of potato production, definition of the problem, methodology, model, measure variables, results and discussion, and conclusions of the project that evaluates the effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers application on potato production in four communities in the Bolivian Central Altiplano ...
HealthDay Reporter. (HealthDay News) -- Women who eat lots of potatoes before pregnancy appear more likely to develop gestational diabetes, a new study suggests.. A womans risk of gestational diabetes seemed to increase by 27 percent if she regularly consumed between two and four cups of potatoes a week before pregnancy. Five or more cups a week appeared to increase risk by 50 percent, even after researchers accounted for pre-pregnancy obesity and other potential risk factors, the study found.. The more women consumed potatoes, the greater risk they had for gestational diabetes, said senior author Dr. Cuilin Zhang, a senior investigator with the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Potatoes are regarded as a kind of vegetable, but not all vegetables are healthy.. However, its important to note that this study only showed an association between potato consumption and the risk of gestational diabetes -- a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. The study ...
The Ran GTPase Activating Protein 2 (RanGAP2) was first described as a regulator of mitosis and nucleocytoplasmic trafficking. It was then found to interact with the Coiled-Coil domain of the Rx and GPA2 resistance proteins, which confer resistance to Potato Virus X (PVX) and potato cyst nematode Globodera pallida, respectively. RanGAP2 is thought to mediate recognition of the avirulence protein GP-RBP-1 by GPA2. However, the Gpa2-induced hypersensitive response appears to be relatively weak and Gpa2 is limited in terms of spectrum of efficiency as it is effective against only two nematode populations. While functional and evolutionary analyses of Gp-Rbp-1 and Gpa2 identified key residues in both the resistance and avirulence proteins that are involved in recognition determination, whether variation in RanGAP2 also plays a role in pathogen recognition has not been investigated. We amplified a total of 147 RanGAP2 sequences from 55 accessions belonging to 18 different di-and tetraploid Solanum species
The coding sequence of the wild-type, cys-sensitive, cysE gene from Escherichia coli, which encodes an enzyme of the cysteine biosynthetic pathway, namely serine acetyltransferase (SAT, EC 2.3.1. 30), was introduced into the genome of potato plants under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 3 …
From: http://www.sasa.gov.uk/seed-ware-potatoes/nematology/potato-cyst-nematodes-pcn. To understand the importance of Potato Cyst Nematodes in potato cultivation it is helpful to know a little of the life history of these pests.. The nematodes (or eelworms) survive as cysts in the soil. Each cyst, about the size of a pinhead, will contain up to 400 juvenile nematodes each enclosed within a thin egg shell. When a potato crop is planted in infested soil, substances released from the growing roots stimulate a high percentage of juvenile nematodes to hatch. After hatching these juveniles swim through the moisture surrounding the soil particles and cut their way into the potato roots to feed. The damage they cause produces a stunted root system and the plant responds by producing many additional lateral roots. Severe root damage may result in patches of poor top growth but such damage is unlikely in seed crops.. The young nematodes develop in the roots, feeding on the growing plant. Males remain ...
More than half of the nations potatoes are produced in the Pacific Northwest. The potato industry contributes over $3.5 billion annually to Washington states economy.. PVS is commonly found around the world and historically hasnt been a concern for growers in the U.S.. Now its demanding attention because of its role in making late blight disease more severe, Pappu said.. Lin developed an experimental system to test for the three-way interactions among potato, late blight pathogen and PVS. She validated the interactions under controlled conditions, and this platform will be useful for screening additional potato genotypes.. Lin said her research used only one late blight resistant variety of potato because it is the only commercially available variety that has both tuber and foliar resistance.. Pappu said further research is needed to see exactly how these pathogens collaborate at the molecular level and how the hosts genetic mechanisms affect the pathogens.. ...
A method of controlling growth and development of plants is provided herein. More particularly, a method of controlling growth and development of potato plants by increasing or decreasing the expression of a gene encoding calmodulin is set forth. Transgenic potato plants carrying sense nucleic acid constructs of pPCM-1, a cDNA clone of potato calmodulin, exhibit unexpected increased shoot and tuber growth, whereas plants carrying antisense nucleic acid constructs exhibit decreased shoot and tuber growth.
Native Potato Starch, Native Potato Starch Suppliers Directory - Find variety Native Potato Starch Suppliers, Manufacturers, Companies from around the World at potato starch ,organic potato starch ,potato starch prices in india, Starch
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Genetic diversity of 89 sweet potato genotypes was evaluated using morphological and molecular markers. Eighteen aerial and sixteen storage root characters were used in the morphological characterization. Analysis of variance showed that all the characters evaluated were significantly different (P|0.01) between the genotypes. The dendrogram obtained using phenotypic characters separated the genotypes into two major clusters with a Euclidean distance ranging from 0.0 to 6.98. Twenty three unique alleles, ranging from 3 to 6 per locus were detected using six simple sequence repeats (SSR) markers. Cluster analysis showed a Jaccard co-efficient ranging from 0.5 to 1.0 indicating high genetic diversity. Comparison between morphological and molecular data using the mantel test revealed a low correlation (r = -0.05) between the two data sets. Despite the poor correlation both techniques showed a high degree of variation among the genotypes suggesting great genetic diversity in Kenyan sweet potato genotypes
Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is grown in over 100 countries throughout the world. As a staple food, potato is the fourth most important crop after rice, wheat, and maize, and has historically contributed to food and nutrition security in the world. Global interest in potato increased recently as world food prices soared, threatening the global food security and stability. Unlike major cereals, potato is not a globally traded commodity, and prices are usually determined by local production costs. Thus, potato is increasingly regarded as a vital food-security crop and as a substitute for costly cereal imports. With such importance, the 29 chapters in the edited book address the issues of sustainable potato production. This book begins with an introduction on sustainable potato production and global food security, and then presents eight case studies selected globally and covering different issues relevant to sustainable potato production in both developed and developing countries ...
Transgenic potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) lines of two cultivars, Ilam Hardy and Iwa, were developed using Agrobacterium-mediated transformation to transfer a cry1Ac9 gene under the transcriptional control of the CaMV 35S promoter. PCR confirmed the presence of the nptII selectable marker gene in all recovered lines. All ten lines of Ilam Hardy and 14 of 15 Iwa lines were PCR-positive for the cry gene. In greenhouse trials, all Ilam Hardy transgenic lines produced phenotypically normal plants and significantly inhibited larval growth of potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella Zeller). In contrast, only 60% of the Iwa transgenic lines produced phenotypically normal plants, but all lines positive for the cry gene significantly inhibited larval growth. All transgenic lines with a greenhouse appearance equivalent to the nontransgenic controls and improved resistance to potato tuber moth larvae were planted in the field. Three of the ten Ilam Hardy lines and two of the eight Iwa lines retained ...
In this article we report the first diagnostic SNP markers, which explain nearly half the genetic variation of the potato field resistance to late blight that is not compromised by late plant maturity. Our data offer significant progress toward improving the field resistance of new potato cultivars to this important disease by marker-assisted breeding. Available passport descriptors for potato varieties include scores for field resistance of foliage and tubers to late blight and maturity type (http://www.europotato.org). However the resistance scores are not corrected for the maturity effect. Heretofore QTL mapping studies, which discriminated between resistance and plant maturity, analyzed F1 families descended from two heterozygous, diploid, or tetraploid parents (Visker et al. 2003; Bormann et al. 2004; Bradshaw et al. 2004), thus limiting the diagnostic power of QTL-linked markers to specific genotypes and their progeny. In this study, we analyzed populations of tetraploid, heterozygous ...
In higher plants, genes for subunits of respiratory chain complex I (NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase) have so far been identified solely in organellar genomes. At least nine subunits are encoded by the mitochondrial DNA and 11 homologues by the plastid DNA. One of the key components of complex I is the subunit binding the substrate NADH. The corresponding gene for the mitochondrial subunit has now been cloned and identified in the nuclear genome from potato (Solanum tuberosum). The mature protein consists of 457 amino acids and is preceded by a mitochondrial targeting sequence of 30 amino acids. The protein is evolutionarily related to the NADH-binding subunits of complex I from other eukaryotes and is well conserved in the structural domains predicted for binding the substrate NADH, the FMN and one iron-sulphur cluster. Expression examined in different potato tissues by Northern blot analysis shows the highest steady-state mRNA levels in flowers. Precursor proteins translated in vitro from the ...
Denver, CO., April 11, 2011 - Research to be presented this week at The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) Conference in Washington, D.C., demonstrates that consumption of white potatoes (non-fried) by children does not displace other vegetables from childrens meals. In fact, meals that contain white potatoes contain more servings of other vegetables, and are significantly higher in potassium, fiber and vitamin C. Both potassium and fiber were identified as nutrients of concern in the 2010 Dietary Guidelines, released February 2011. Potatoes belong in the diet. Children who consume white potatoes have more nutrient-dense diets, overall, and they actually eat more of other vegetables, said lead researcher Adam Drewnowski, PhD. There were no differences in the prevalence of overweight or obesity between children who did and did not consume potatoes.. Researchers studied more than 11,500 children ages 5-18 years of age using data from four cycles of the National ...
However, potato starch has a silkier texture to it and gives foods a glossier appearance, which may be especially appealing for sauces 5 . It is added in marinades, sauces, gravies, glazes, soups, pies, and many sweet dishes. You can use potato starch as a corn starch substitute to thicken soups, gravies, and pie fillings as long as they are not going to be cooked for extended periods after being thickened. Visit our sister site PepperScale. If you ever get to see how it is prepared in the factories, you will see the potatoes being rinsed well by machines. Potato starch comes from the tubers of potato which is why it is a root and tuber starch. It is made only from the starch of the potato. A popular ingredient in Passover recipes, potato starch is also an excellent replacement for cornstarch. Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to â ¦ Modified starch, also called ...
They grow well in many farming conditions and have few natural enemies; pesticides are rarely needed. Sweet potatoes are grown on a variety of soils, but well-drained light and medium textured soils with a pH range of 4.5-7.0 are more favourable for the plant (Woolfe, 1992; Ahn, 1993). They can be grown in poor soils with little fertilizer. However, sweet potatoes are very sensitive to aluminium toxicity and will die about 6 weeks after planting if lime is not applied at planting in this type of soil (Woolfe, 1992). Because they are sown by vine cuttings rather than seeds, sweet potatoes are relatively easy to plant. Because the rapidly growing vines shade out weeds, little weeding is needed, and farmers can devote time to other crops. In the tropics, the crop can be maintained in the ground and harvested as needed for market or home consumption. In temperate regions, sweet potatoes are most often grown on larger farms and are harvested before first frosts ...
Headline: Bitcoin & Blockchain Searches Exceed Trump! Blockchain Stocks Are Next!. Sweet potatoes are the tuberous roots of the sweet potato vine, which thrives in the warmest regions of the world. They are characterized by the vivid colors of their flesh, which range from deep orange to light purple, and tend to be longer and thinner than regular white potatoes (to which theyre distantly related). Moreover, sweet potatoes are not the same as yams, despite their close physical resemblances.. Sweet potatoes are one of the healthiest vegetables grown in the West, through they tend to be overlooked due to their acquired taste. This article contains a list of their health benefits and the studies that prove them. Its worth noting that the potatoes vine leaves are also edible and dense in nutrients.. Read more: http://spiritfoods.net/health-benefits-of-sweet-potatoes/. ...
Gout and potatoes can be mixed and there wont be any side effects. Potatoes are low in purines meaning, you dont risk another gout attack.
Background (PVY, genus (PVY) is the type member of the genus (family L. PVY in all potato cultivars, because PVY symptoms are not usually characteristic enough, other symptoms may mask PVY symptoms, and some PVY strains cause no symptoms in certain cultivars (for symptoms caused by two PVY isolates in different cultivars produced from infected seed tubers, visit http://www.helsinki.fi/ppvir/research/pvy/index.html). Furthermore, current-season infections may cause no symptoms in foliage, although PF 573228 the progeny tubers will be infected. Therefore, seed potatoes need to be indexed for PVY using virus-specific, sensitive diagnostic methods. The most efficient means to control PVY is a potato cultivars native resistance to PVY [7]-[10]. Resistance genes realizing and conferring high levels (extreme) resistance to all PVY strains exist but are relatively rare in potato cultivars [11]. Other resistance genes identify only certain groups of PVY strains. They trigger a hypersensitive resistance ...
The experiment was implemented at Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Bangladesh to assess the effect of variety and vermicompost on the starch and sugar content activity of potato and their performance under ambient storage condition. The experiment consisted of two factors, i.e., factor A:- Potato varieties (V-4): V1: BARI TPS-1, V2: BARI Alu-28 (Lady Rosetta),V3: BARI Alu-25 (Asterix) and V4: BARI Alu-29 (Courage); factor B:-Vermicompost level (M-4): M1: 0 t ha-1 (Control), M2: 2 t ha-1, M3: 4 t ha-1 and M4: 6 t ha-1. Inferior quality is a major problem for potato production in Bangladesh. The application of vermicompost may enhance the processing quality of potato. The research revealed that vermicompost had a remarkable effect on most of the processing quality contributing parameters. Results also exhibited those processing parameters improved with increasing vermicompost level. Among the sixteen treatment combinations, Asterix with vermicompost at 6 t ha-1 showed the highest glucose, sucrose