AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 129:305-310 (2006) Effect of the Interaction Between High Altitude and Socioeconomic Factors on Birth Weight in a Large Sample From South America Jorge S. López Camelo,1,2* Hebe Campaña,1 Rita Santos,1 and Fernando A. Poletta1,2 1 Latin-American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC), Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biologia Celular (IMBICE), 1900 La Plata, Argentina 2 Latin-American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC), Dirección de Investigación, Centro de Educación Médica e Investigaciones Clı́nica (CEMIC), 1431 Buenos Aires, Argentina KEY WORDS altitude; birth weight; interaction risk; socioeconomic level ABSTRACT Several studies of South American populations showed that altitude is associated with low birth weight and intrauterine growth retardation. Although some of them analyzed the altitude-birth weight association, only a few assessed the effect of the interaction between altitude and ...
Few data exist on the psychosocial factors associated with attrition in longitudinal surveys. This study was undertaken to determine psychosocial and sociodemographic predictors of attrition from a longitudinal study of the onset and persistence of episodes of major depression in primary care. A systematic random sample of general practice attendees was recruited in seven Spanish provinces between October 2005 and February 2006. Major depression was diagnosed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and a set of 39 individual and environmental risk factors for depression were assessed at baseline and after 6 and 12 months of follow-up.. ...
Background : Although health-related quality of life HRQL in asthma is strongly influenced by disease severity, demographic and socioeconomic variables may also be important factors. Objective : We related demographics, asthma severity, and socioeconomic factors to HRQL. Methods : We interviewed 50 patients with moderate or severe asthma...
This work presents a relationship between environmental conditions and reproductive performance in modern humans. Birth rates and sex ratio (SRB) at birth were analyzed from large data scales. The results include data from people working or living under different job respectively socio-economic conditions, such as employees working in the academic field, employees under supervisory or hire and fire conditions, and people who have better access to resources. The results show that employees who have better jobs and earn more money do have more children and females under better socio-economic conditions do give birth to more sons. In conclusion, it is suggested that different socio-economic environmental conditions may have an impact on female and male birth rates and SRBs, which may be related to stress perception rates. ...
ISSUE ADDRESSED:Mental health promotion aimed at populations with low socio-economic status (SES) may benefit by investigating prevention strategies that effectively address related child and adolescent problems. METHODS:Evidence from a number of literature reviews and program evaluations was synthesised. First, the impact of SES on development from childhood to adulthood is considered in light of research on substance abuse, violence, crime, and child development problems. Second, evaluations of interventions are reviewed to identify those that have shown outcomes in research studies (efficacy) or in real-world settings (effectiveness) in reducing developmental problems associated with low SES. Low SES is measured in different ways including low levels of education and/or income or definitions that combine several variables into a new indicator of low SES. RESULTS:Factors associated with low SES are also associated to varying extent with the development of violence and crime, substance abuse ...
[IMG] A new entry has been added to Drugs Archive Description: 2 mins 30 May 2008 TV3 News (NZ) While some smokers are giving up, others are making the most of every cigarette. Research has...
In some ways, the coverage rate itself captures inequality. For example, if 80% of a countrys children have access to clean water, then you can infer that the remaining 20% do not have access to that opportunity. However, the likelihood of having or (not having) access to an opportunity is far from random. In this dashboard, go beyond country-level averages and see how a childs characteristics can affect his or her access to basic opportunities. Does access differ between urban and rural areas, for boys and girls, or among children of different socio-economic conditions? In an equal opportunity society, circumstances determined by the lottery of birth should have no bearing on access to opportunities.. For details on the underlying data, definitions of opportunities and circumstances, consult the documentation and FAQ sections. ...
It is clear from the results of this study that the relevance between area characteristic by social class and distribution characteristics of existing branches of five major banks in Tokyo 23 wards. A lot of branches of five major banks are located in Group5 (high class). And, although the order is different, most of branches in five major banks are located in Group1 (the elderly & life style stability), Group8 (spending power), and Group6(instability of life ). The result also shows that the five major banks in Tokyo 23 wards have a about the same branch location tendency. Therefore, it can be inferred that there are active competitions in Tokyo 23 wards. Overall, the methodology used in this study using GIS is regarded as a process that is necessary for identifying the relevance of market characteristics and bank branch location for making efficient bank branch marketing strategies; however, the second stage of this study may have some problems of overlay analysis to get an more accurate ...
Trinity sets out its commitment to an inclusive university community with equality of access for all in Section A1.1 (p20) of the Strategic Plan 2014-2019. In this section on Access and Participation, the university states its objective to increase the percentage of under-represented groups enrolled on undergraduate courses to 25% in 2019 - under-represented groups includes mature students, students with disabilities and students who have been socio-economically disadvantaged.. The Higher Education Authority (HEA) has also published a National Plan for Equity of Access to Higher Education, which targets socio-economic groups who have been under-represented in higher education in Ireland to date. ...
A socioeconomic gradient in type 2 diabetes prevalence among developed countries has been extensively documented (24-29). To reduce the dramatic diabetes disparities borne by socioeconomically disadvantaged populations, prevention strategies that can be implemented effectively among those populations are urgently needed. Although lifestyle intervention has proven to be highly efficacious in preventing diabetes in multiple clinical trials, this study suggests its effectiveness may not be optimal for participants of low SES. Consistent with our hypotheses, we found that SDPI-DP participants with lower SES, especially those reporting lower annual household income, had significantly less weight loss, less improvement in physical activity, and less reduction in unhealthy food consumption than those with higher incomes. These results resonate with our previous findings of low retention rates among SDPI-DP participants with low household income (30), highlighting the important role of income for an ...
Disease incidence is usually connected to biological factors such as genetics, eating habits, exercise and so on. But are there are other socioeconomic factors that influence disease incidence as well? This TED talk from Bill Davenhall inspired us to explore socioeconomic factors that may influence disease incidence. To explore the connections of socioeconomic factors such as…
Methods For waves 2-6 of the Baby (B) Cohort (ages 2-3 to 10-11 years) and waves 1-6 of the Kindergarten (K) Cohort (ages 4-5 to 14-15 years) of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children, we constructed trajectories of dietary scores and of empirically derived dietary patterns. Dietary scores, based on the Australian Dietary Guidelines, summed childrens consumption frequencies of seven groups of foods or drinks over the last 24 hours. Dietary patterns at each wave were derived using factor analyses of 12-16 food or drink items. Using multinomial logistic regression analyses, we examined associations of baseline single (parental education, remoteness area, parental employment, income, food security and home ownership) and composite (socioeconomic position and neighbourhood disadvantage) factors with adherence to dietary trajectories. ...
Community-based participatory womens groups to improve newborn survival reach all socioeconomic strata by-and-large equally, except for a lower uptake among the socioeconomic elite. By contrast, sociodemographic differences were large, with a much lower intervention uptake among socially and biologically more vulnerable young and primigravid women; this was not just a South Asian phenomenon: the same pattern, perhaps stronger, was observed in the African trial.. We used data from surveillance systems in which full populations were prospectively followed-up. Non-response rates were very low. Qualitative data collection was complicated for trials conducted several years previously, particularly in Mumbai, where attendance had been low and many women had moved since the trial. We overcame recall difficulties by using a think back methodology.. Our findings contrast with a body of literature showing that interventions reach higher socioeconomic groups first and to a greater extent, and that ...
The research by Professor Gianni De Fraja and Tania Oliveira of the Economics Department at the University of Leicester and Luisa Zanchi of Leeds University Business School is published in the latest issue of the MIT based Review of Economics and Statistics.. The researchers found that parents effort is more important for a childs educational attainment than the schools effort, which in turn is more important than the childs own effort.. The study showed that the socio-economic background of a family not only affected the childs educational attainment - it also affected the schools effort.. Professor De Fraja, Head of Economics at the University of Leicester, said: "The main channel through which parental socio-economic background affects achievement is via effort.. "Parents from a more advantaged environment exert more effort, and this influences positively the educational attainment of their children.. "By the same token, the parents background also increases the schools effort, which ...
Are socio-economically disadvantaged students condemned to perpetuate an intergenerational cycle of poor academic achievement, poor job prospects and poverty?
This thesis is about statistics contributions to industry. It is an article compendium comprising four articles divided in two blocks: (i) two contributions for a water supply company, and (ii) significance of the effects in Design of Experiments. In the first block, great emphasis is placed on how the research design and statistics can be applied to various real problems that a water company raises and it aims to convince water management companies that statistics can be very useful to improve their services. The article "A methodology to model water demand based on the identification of homogeneous client segments. Application to the city of Barcelona", makes a comprehensive review of all the steps carried out for developing a mathematical model to forecast future water demand. It pays attention on how to know more about the influence of socioeconomic factors on customers consumption in order to detect segments of customers with homogenous habits to objectively explain the behavior of the ...
221 Pickett, K. E. and M. Pearl. 2001. "Multilevel analyses o f neighbourhood socioeconomic context and health outcomes: a critical review." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 55:111 122. Poirier, Paul, Thomas D. Giles, George A. Bray, Yuling Hong, Judith S. Stern, F. Xavier Pi Sunyer, and Robert H. Eckel. 2006. "Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease: Pathophysiology, Evaluation, and Effect of Weight Loss." Circulation 113:898 918. Pollitt, Ricardo, Kathryn Rose, and Jay Kaufman. 2005. "Evaluating the Evidence for Models o f Lif e Course Socioeconomic Factors a nd Cardiovascular Outcomes: A Systematic Review ." BMC Public Health 5:7. Power, C., O. Manor, and S. Matthews. 1999 "Child t o Adult Socioeconomic Conditions and Obesity I n A National Cohort ." In ternational J ournal of Obes ity Relat ed Metab olic Disord ers 27:1081 1086. Power, Chris and Sharon Matthews. 1997. "Origins of Health Inequa lities in a National Population Sample ." The Lancet 350:1584 1589. RAND HRS Data, Version ...
Downloadable! While finance has been shown to influence the distribution of income, little research has been devoted to the potential impact of financial sector policies on inequality. This study analyzes the relationship between financial repression and inequality across countries and across Chinas provinces. Using several alternative estimation procedures including fixed effect, dynamic panel and instrumental variable regressions, we find that financial repression is positively associated with inequality across countries. Moreover, we find that this relationship is stronger in less developed economies and that interest rate controls, capital account controls, poor banking supervision and a concentrated banking sector are the most important financial policies influencing inequality. Furthermore, financial repression is associated with a higher fraction of the population living in poverty. Focusing on China, financial repression again acts as a driver for inequality and its effect is stronger in less
Despite years of efforts and advances, full gender equality has yet to be realized. There is not one country in the world free of gender-based violence or discrimination. And in too many places, the burdens of inequality fall hardest on the youngest.
09 Associated Institutions , Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) , Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) , Environmental Exposures and Health , Physical Hazards and Health (Röösli ...
Understanding Society is an academic study capturing information every year about the social and economic circumstances and attitudes of people living in the UK
A longitudinal study of length, weight and head circumference from birth to 2 years among children of high socio-economic urban community in Delhi 395 ...
The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and perceptions of the built environment with the frequency, type, and duration of PA among users of an urban, paved rail trail segment.
New research reveals a socioeconomic gap fueling the huge divide in the ages that women are having children in the United States.
Random blood glucose analysis by the use of the Trinders method was carried out to determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus among Nigerians in Port Harcourt. The study population were randomly selected and classified into two socio-economic status as high or low based on affluent diet, occupation, income and access to medical care. The mean blood glucose concentration for the high socio-economic group - staff of the oil industries was 7.42 ±0.25mmol/L and significantly higher (P , 0.001) than that for the low socio-economic class - the non- oil industrial workers, 5.33±0.45mmol/L. The prevalence of diabetes was found to be as high as 23.4% among the high socio-economic group and 16% among the low socio-economic group. Undiagonised diabetes occurred in 18.9% of the population studied and were not aware of their diabetic problem. Diabetic - awareness programmes are to be promoted with acion to identify people with diabetes early enough with the arm of providing appropriate medical treatment ...
How is Chronic Disease and Sociodemographic Risk Factors abbreviated? CDSRF stands for Chronic Disease and Sociodemographic Risk Factors. CDSRF is defined as Chronic Disease and Sociodemographic Risk Factors very rarely.
While I believe there that there is no simple cause-effect explanation for life expectancy, there are striking correlations (as income levels) that need to be addressed to promote justice for all of us... From the 11 April 2011 article at Medical News Today Differences in factors such as income, education and marital status could contribute…
This study of young people from 30 European and North American countries over 8 recent years identified a decline in physical fighting in most countries. This pattern was observed in both genders and across age groups. Exceptions were found in three countries (Greece, Latvia, Ukraine). Our modeling of socioeconomic correlates of frequent physical fighting suggested that income inequality and individual family affluence were not risk factors, while increased absolute wealth negatively correlated with fighting. Other identified risk factors were younger age, male gender, multiple risk-taking, victimization from bullying, and national homicide rates.. Our analysis of trends in frequent physical fighting is unique. Existing studies focus on adolescent bullying47 or have summarized the experiences of a single country.14,48,49 We observed declines in most countries, in both genders and different age groups, using the frequent fighting measure that is indicative of habitual negative behaviors. ...
(HealthDay) -- Childhood socioeconomic status affects hippocampal volume in older adults, after adjusting for adult socioeconomic status, gender, education, and other factors, according to a study published in the May issue ...
PubMed journal article [Sociodemographic profiles, addictive and mental comorbidity in cannabis users in an outpatient specific setting were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
The purpose of this study was to determine the socioeconomic correlates of body mass index of primary and secondary school children in Ebonyi state, which is s...
Results A total of 421 students were recruited. Overall 41% were physically inactive. Females (47%) were more inactive than males (34%). The total mean weekly metabolic equivalent (MET)-minutes was 1468.2±1873. Males (1676.2±1629) had a higher mean weekly MET minutes than females (1319±20102), p=0.05. 88% owned a portable internet device such as a smartphone or tablet. Students using health-related apps on their devices had significantly higherPA (p=0.01) and lower body mass index (BMI) (p=0.04), than those who did not. Binary logistic regression revealed physical inactivity to be significantly associated with gender (p=0.01), not using a health-promoting app on their portable device (p=0.01) and the year of study (p=0.03). ...
Data and research on labour markets, human capital, inequality, income inequality, social capital and knowledge based capital., France: Indicators on inequality outcomes and policies affecting them
Protocol for a systematic review on inequalities in postnatal care services utilization in low- and middle-income countries. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Social and economic transformations in Poland had as one of the consequences the fact that rural areas faced a number of difficulties and challenges. In connection with the political system transformation and Polands accession to the European Union, problems appeared, concerning mainly the issues of employment and the populations income sources. The issues become yet more significant in the areas of agricultural and farming traditions, i.e. in Lublin Province (Voivod-ship), where the percentages of rural population and of population employed in agriculture are high and exceed 50%. The backwardness of this region calls for profound reforms, in which well-educated inhabitants, aid funds or local leaders may become the stimulating factors. The paper presents the current condition and the directions of development of the key industry of the commune (gmina) of Uscimow. The paper deals with a number of problems which, in particular, include a difficult demographic situation, investments in agriculture and
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Although health inequalities have most often been documented in wealthy countries, recent studies have made it evident that inequality in health and health care is also a prominent problem in developing countries [28, 34-36]. In particular, analysis of the effect of health care is especially important in those countries, where resource limitations require that the effective use of all health interventions be made.. The results of the present study show the existence of significant socioeconomic inequalities in health services utilization. The rate of outpatient services utilization is higher among individuals who have private health insurance and higher level of education. Furthermore, the analysis shows social gradients in opposite directions: the less educated have the largest proportion of poor self-rated health but are the ones with lower utilization rate. Following the inverse care law [37], use of care varies inversely with the needs of the population served.. In Brazil, the association ...
The American Community Survey (ACS) is a part of the Decennial Census Program and is designed to produce critical information about the characteristics of local communities. The ACS publishes social, housing, and economic characteristics for demographic groups covering a broad spectrum of geographic areas in the United States. Every year the ACS supports the release of single-year estimates for geographic areas with populations of 65,000 or more. Demographic variables include sex, age, relationship, households by type, race, and Hispanic origin. Social characteristics variables include school enrollment, educational attainment, marital status, fertility, grandparents caring for children, veteran status, disability status, residence one year ago, place of birth, United States citizenship status, year of entry, world region of birth of foreign born, language spoken at home, and ancestry. Variables focusing on economic characteristics include employment status, commuting to work, occupation, ...
The American Community Survey (ACS) is a part of the Decennial Census Program and is designed to produce critical information about the characteristics of local communities. The ACS publishes social, housing, and economic characteristics for demographic groups covering a broad spectrum of geographic areas in the United States. Every year the ACS supports the release of single-year estimates for geographic areas with populations of 65,000 or more. Demographic variables include sex, age, relationship, households by type, race, and Hispanic origin. Social characteristics variables include school enrollment, educational attainment, marital status, fertility, grandparents caring for children, veteran status, disability status, residence one year ago, place of birth, United States citizenship status, year of entry, world region of birth of foreign born, language spoken at home, and ancestry. Variables focusing on economic characteristics include employment status, commuting to work, occupation, ...
There is strong evidence based on previous studies that ethnicity and socioeconomic status are important determinants of diversity in the occurrence of diabetes. However, the independent roles of socioeconomic status, country of birth and lifestyle factors in the occurrence of type 2 diabetes have not been clearly identified. This study investigated the relationships between socioeconomic status, country of birth and type 2 diabetes in a large diverse sample of residents of New South Wales, Australia, and aged 45 years and over. The analysis used self-reported baseline questionnaire data from 266,848 participants in the 45 and Up Study. Educational attainment, work status and income were used as indicators of socioeconomic status. Logistic regression models were built to investigate associations between socioeconomic status, country of birth and type 2 diabetes. The adjusted odds of type 2 diabetes were significantly higher for people born in many overseas countries, compared to Australian-born
Having poor socioeconomic conditions - such as a lower occupational position - can take away 2.1 years of life on average from a person. This is the conclusion of a study published by LIFEPATH, a project funded by the European Commission, which investigates the biological pathways underlying social differences in healthy ageing.. Low socioeconomic conditions are almost as deadly as smoking, having diabetes, or being physically inactive. Smoking is associated with the loss of 4.8 years of life; diabetes, 3.9; and physical inactivity, 2.4. High alcohol intake can take away one year of life.. This is the first study ever to compare life expectancy among people of different socioeconomic status, and cross-correlate it with six other major known risk factors like smoking and diabetes. These other six factors are already included in World Health Organization global mortality reduction strategy. Socioeconomic status is not.. "We were surprised to find that poor social and economic circumstances seem to ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! This paper extends the analysis of the relative impacts of socioeconomic factors on households decision to subscribe to dialup Internet access [Chaudhuri, A., Flamm, K., & Horrigan, J. (2005). An analysis of the determinants of Internet access, presented at the Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Washington, DC, October 1-3] to the decision to subscribe to broadband. A simple cumulative utility (ordered logit) model is rejected in favor of a partial proportional odds model, and the authors found that the decision to purchase any access at all, and the decision to upgrade to broadband, may be affected differently by various socioeconomic factors. The own-price elasticity of broadband demand is statistically significant and has a substantial coefficient value. The cross-price sensitivity of broadband demand with respect to dialup price is also statistically significant, and supports the notion of the two services being substitutes.
Abstract: We examine how an education policy intervention - the introduction of a comprehensive school in Sweden that increased the number of compulsory years of schooling, affected cognitive and non-cognitive skills and long-term health. We use administrative and survey data including background information, child ability and long-term adult outcomes. We show that education reform increased skills among children, but the effects on long-term health are overall negligible. We demonstrate that effects vary across socio-economic backgrounds and initial skill endowments, with significant improvements in cognition and skills for lower Socio-economic status individuals and lower ability people. Keywords: Mortality; cognitive skills; non-cognitive skills; education reform JEL-codes: I12; I14; I18; I21 42 pages, April 23, 2013 Full text files ...
Cohort profile: Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study of 4.65 million people exploring ethnic variations in disease in Scotland [2010 ...
For all the three measures of the health status, the probability of reporting poor health is affected by socio-economic determinants, as it is suggested by the empirical literature. The odds of reporting poor health increase with age, and decrease with education, income, employment status, and widow, separated, divorced or single status. Working individuals, either as employee or self-employed, report better health as compared to non-working individuals. In order to focus on the main variables of interest, the coefficients of individual demographic and SES characteristics are not reported in the tables. All these variables are statistically significant at 1 % level in all models.. Looking at the results for SAH, Model 1 shows that being a non-EU citizen or born outside the EU affects positively the probability of reporting poor health (Table 4). Model 2 adds the country level characteristics: healthy years life expectancy and the proportion of total health care expenditure over the GDP. Both ...
People with lower socioeconomic status are much more likely to develop heart disease than those who are wealthier or better educated, according to a recent UC Davis study. Published online in BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, the outcomes also show that this risk persists even with long-term progress in addressing traditional risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure and elevated cholesterol.
After the machine revolution of 19thcentury, AI is the next big phenomenon in human civilization which will affect the global socio-economic condition.
The U.S. obesity prevalence increased from 13 percent to 32 percent between the 1960s and 2004, according to researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for Human Nutrition. The prevalence of obesity and overweight has increased at an average rate of 0.3 - 0.8 percentage points across different sociodemographic groups over the past three decades. Some minority and low socioeconomic status groups - such as non-Hispanic black women and children, Mexican-American women and children, low socioeconomic status black men and white women and children, Native Americans and Pacific Islanders - are disproportionately affected. The meta-analysis was published online on May 17, 2007, in advance of the 2007 issue of the journal Epidemiologic Reviews ...
The sociodemographic profiles of different segments of the Brazilian population have been the object of multiple inter-census comparisons. This study compared the age distribution, number of household residents, formal schooling, and income of indigenous persons according to the population censuses of 2000 and 2010. There was an important decrease in the number of residents per occupied household, and slight aging of the indigenous population, except in the urban North. Meanwhile, there was a proportional increase in individuals with per capita household income up to one minimum wage, along with a reduction in the income bracket of more than two minimum wages in the countrys five major geographic regions, in both urban and rural areas ...
There are conflicting reports on the relationship between hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM) with socioeconomic status. This study explores this relationship individually and jointly. This is a cross sectional comparative study. Adults that participated in medical outreach organized for high and low socioeconomic status (SES) were tested for hypertension and DM. Mean age in years for high and low SES was 58.69 (± 10.26) and 57.77 (± 15.54), respectively. Widows were significantly more than widowers (P < 0.001). Frequency of hypertension in middle age (45 to 64 years in high and low SES) was 58.0 and 71.9%, respectively (P = 0.009). Frequency of DM was 19.2 and 7.3% in high and low SES respectively (P < 0.001). Combined frequency of hypertension and DM was 14.0 and 6.0% in high and low SES respectively (P = 0.002) and 13.8 and 5.9% in the middle age group in high and low SES respectively (P = 0.034). Severity of hypertension was more in low than high SES (P = 0.001). The
An analysis of nearly 25 years of data for about 10,000 civil servants in London finds an association between socioeconomic position and risk of death, with much of this relation accounted for by health behaviors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, diet and physical activity, according to a study in the March 24/31 issue of JAMA.. The higher prevalence of unhealthy behaviors in lower socioeconomic positions is seen to be one of the mechanisms linking lower socioeconomic position to worse health. "However, major changes have occurred in population lifestyles. These include the decreasing prevalence of smoking and a remarkable increase in obesity since the 1990s. Given that changes in health behaviors may be socially patterned, previous studies with a single assessment of behaviors may have provided an inaccurate estimation of their contribution to the association between socioeconomic factors and mortality," the authors write. Silvia Stringhini, M.Sc., of the Centre for Research in Epidemiology ...
Percentage of teachers in primary education who are trained, gender parity index (GPI) in Jamaica was reported at 1.0454 GPI in 2016, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Jamaica - Percentage of teachers in primary education who are trained, gender parity index - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on April of 2020.
The data series respond to the revised global indicator framework that was agreed by the Statistical commission at its forty-eighth session in March 2017. The database contains SDG indicator series and additional indicator series. The list of SDG indicators is subject to refinement by the United Nations Statistical Commission ...
The inverse association between socioeconomic level and risk of disease is one of the most pervasive and enduring observations in public health.1 2 3 4 This association is found for most diseases for most measures of socioeconomic level and is generally consistent across age, time, place, and organ systems. For the most part, socioeconomic level, whether it is measured by income, education, occupation, social class, or other measures, has been conceptualised as a property of the individual. This is not surprising as ones economic resources can determine, to a great extent, the availability and quality of food, housing, medical care, and other necessities. Recent findings, however, suggest that it may also be important to consider the overall distribution of wealth as a characteristic of a society or group. In a sample of industrialised countries Wilkinson demonstrated that life expectancy increased as the distribution of income in these countries became more egalitarian, whereas it was ...
The inverse association between socioeconomic level and risk of disease is one of the most pervasive and enduring observations in public health.1 2 3 4 This association is found for most diseases for most measures of socioeconomic level and is generally consistent across age, time, place, and organ systems. For the most part, socioeconomic level, whether it is measured by income, education, occupation, social class, or other measures, has been conceptualised as a property of the individual. This is not surprising as ones economic resources can determine, to a great extent, the availability and quality of food, housing, medical care, and other necessities. Recent findings, however, suggest that it may also be important to consider the overall distribution of wealth as a characteristic of a society or group. In a sample of industrialised countries Wilkinson demonstrated that life expectancy increased as the distribution of income in these countries became more egalitarian, whereas it was ...
The most recent evolution is the emergence of a link between education for pupils with special needs and the attention to diversity in education (a.o. education for children with problematic socio-economic backgrounds, education for children with different socio-cultural backgrounds). Some pupils have learning or developmental problems due to socio-cultural or socio-economic factors; for other pupils the problems are the consequence of mental, physical or psychological constraints. In reality, there is often an interference between the disability and the context in which the pupil is growing up. The new paradigms related to disability start from this finding. This interference remains one of the main questions in the debate: is it necessary that pupils with disabilities get a specific approach in education, or does a broad view on diversity in education offer enough guarantees? ...
Re: Medical science, unable to cure the most prevalent diseases - heart, cancer, diabetes - places blame on the hapless public. Doctors smugly assure the public that all human illness is caused by a lack of exercise and will power to lose weight. This is way-over-top and mistaken on many counts. First of all, the field of preventative medicine is right to insist on behavioral and lifestyle variables as important causal factors in the prevention of many forms of illness, as necessary yet not sufficient conditions in most cases. Type II diabetes, for example, can be overcome by losing weight, changing ones diet, and exercise, and these are in often under the voluntary control of the individual, and yes, it thus often involves questions of proper motivation, requisite willpower and self-discipline, as many of the finer thing in life in fact do. Now while it is true that contemporary medicine often doesnt take sufficient account of the socio-economic variables in preventive medicine and health ...
Re: Medical science, unable to cure the most prevalent diseases - heart, cancer, diabetes - places blame on the hapless public. Doctors smugly assure the public that all human illness is caused by a lack of exercise and will power to lose weight. This is way-over-top and mistaken on many counts. First of all, the field of preventative medicine is right to insist on behavioral and lifestyle variables as important causal factors in the prevention of many forms of illness, as necessary yet not sufficient conditions in most cases. Type II diabetes, for example, can be overcome by losing weight, changing ones diet, and exercise, and these are in often under the voluntary control of the individual, and yes, it thus often involves questions of proper motivation, requisite willpower and self-discipline, as many of the finer thing in life in fact do. Now while it is true that contemporary medicine often doesnt take sufficient account of the socio-economic variables in preventive medicine and health ...
These papers examine the predictive role of social disadvantage on the development and treatment of late-life depression, and disentangle the roles of individual-level socioeconomic factors, such as education, income, and wealth, and societal-level factors, such as country-level income and country-level income inequality. These publications document the high prevalence of late-life depression across many European countries, examine utilization patterns, and present evidence that vulnerable populations, such as immigrants, experience disproportionately high rates of depression compared to native-born peers in spite of many protective factors (including social networks, superior physical health, and socioeconomic status ...
The research unit Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs : Écologie, Génétique, Évolution et Contrôle (MIVEGEC) includes resources from IRD, CNRS and Universities of Montpellier 1 and 2.. Its mission is to understand the mechanisms of replication and transmission of infectious agents to better control them. It focuses on strategies and mechanisms of the adaptation and evolution of pathogenic systems. Research also include studies at the ecosystem level, including its physical, biological and socio-economic variables, populations of hosts (vertebrates and invertebrates) and those of pathogens agents (viruses, bacteria, parasites). One of the main themes of the research unit, and in particular team DySMI, relates to the links between biodiversity and infectious diseases, and more generally of the planetary environmental changes, on infectious (emerging) diseases.. , For more information ...
This table presents Family Characteristics of Adults, Age and Sex for the Population 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions.
Women from lower socioeconomic groups in the UK report a poorer experience of care during pregnancy and there needs to be a greater focus on their care, suggests a new study published today n BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
Survival rate to Grade 4 of primary education, female (%) in Paraguay was reported at 91.49 % in 2011, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources.
Contains information on population distribution by * Age and Sex * Administrative Units * Demographic and socio-economic indicators. ...
We are delighted that you are thinking about studying at the University of the Highlands and Islands. We operate a fair and open admissions system committed to equality of opportunity and non-discrimination. We consider all applications on merit and on the basis of ability to achieve, without discrimination on grounds of gender, age, disability, ethnicity and socio-economic background. We welcome applications from all prospective students and aim to provide appropriate and efficient services to students with disabilities. ...
Key Indicators is an annual statistical publication of the Asian Development Bank, presenting the most current statistical data and socio-economic indicators from the Banks developing member countries.
Socio-Demographic Characteristics of Women with Endometrial Carcinoma. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Were reading a lot of news lately about the state of the economy and how a number of indicators are pointing toward potential more problems. Im not going to deny that everything isnt exactly rosy (I even am offering a free webinar on Selling in a Tough Economy, because I know salespeople are hungry for some solid tips in this regard). Despite the economic circumstances, though, I dont want you to lose sight of what it means to focus on opportunities. One way to step up in your sales process is to be conscientious of what you bring up when youre talking to customers either in person or on the phone. Heres what I mean:. A client/peer called me the other day, and immediately after we both said "hi," he jumped into asking me questions about the economy. What he wanted to do was complain, and the main purpose of his call was to find a sympathetic ear. It would have been very easy for me to agree with him and even throw some more wood on the fire, but in so doing, all it would have done is ...
An analysis based on the first Spanish National Sexual Health Survey, carried out in 2009, confirms that socioeconomic factors affect sexual satisfaction. People with a lower economic status claim to be less sexually satisfied, particularly women.
The wealth index is a commonly-used measure of socio-economic position (SEP) in low- and middle-income settings, but there is concern that it is strongly influenced by community-level as well as household-level factors. Subjective SEP indicators are infrequently used in health research. We use data from 11 280 households included in the ...
Prospective students who searched for Does Everyone Really Need a College Degree? found the links, articles, and information on this page helpful.
Get the facts about Terenure College degrees online 2017. Whether you are considering an associates or a bachelors degree, your educational investment may pay off with a higher-paying job, or an in-house promotion.
My grandmothers, the type 2 have struggled with their diabetes as long as I could remember. Later my mother followed in her mothers footsteps. Sadly, my brother followed in my mothers footsteps and experienced an early passing at the age of 53. My brother Jamals passing had the greatest impact on me. Probably because were the Irish twins; eleven months apart and his departure devastated me.. As I tell most people, diabetes is not a glamorous profession. Most people that work in the industry have a personal connection. This is why I am still here publishing after 26 years.. On the flip side of the coin, helping and inspiring people is my mission. I understand the daily challenges you face regardless of your education, IQ and economic circumstance. I am not a healthcare professional. Simply a lay person who has lived with a Type 1 and Type 2 family member who struggled with their disease. My former Type 1 husband was a role model in how to manage your diabetes, while my intelligent family ...
My grandmothers, the type 2 have struggled with their diabetes as long as I could remember. Later my mother followed in her mothers footsteps. Sadly, my brother followed in my mothers footsteps and experienced an early passing at the age of 53. My brother Jamals passing had the greatest impact on me. Probably because were the Irish twins; eleven months apart and his departure devastated me.. As I tell most people, diabetes is not a glamorous profession. Most people that work in the industry have a personal connection. This is why I am still here publishing after 26 years.. On the flip side of the coin, helping and inspiring people is my mission. I understand the daily challenges you face regardless of your education, IQ and economic circumstance. I am not a healthcare professional. Simply a lay person who has lived with a Type 1 and Type 2 family member who struggled with their disease. My former Type 1 husband was a role model in how to manage your diabetes, while my intelligent family ...
 With 13 socioeconomic development targets accomplished and a GDP growth of 6.7 per cent-the highest in the last ten years-2017 is considered a special year for the Vietnamese economy.
I am incensed and outraged by the comments of our Taoiseach (Prime Minister) Enda Kenny in the Dail last week. As a parent of a 14 year old with severe autism, I know that his statement that Persons with a disability, despite the economic circumstances we face, have been better protected than any other sector is completely untrue. Everyone with
Lane Kenworthy, The Good Society August 2016 A generation ago, perhaps even just a few years ago, worry about high or rising income inequality stemmed mainly from a belief that it is unfair. In recent years the source of apprehension has shifted. The dominant concern now is that inequality may have harmful effects on a…
Our study uses the Socio Emotional Wealth Perspective (SEW) to test our contention that Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) founders are more inclined to satisfy first their non-economic goals rather than satisfying the economic goals of REIT shareholders. We test our hypotheses with an unbalanced panel dataset that includes an average of 66 publicly-traded equity REITs from 1999-2012 that produced 921 REIT-year observations. Our exploratory results provide evidence of SEW preservation as REITs led by founders successors tend to underperform; however, the family identification with the REIT affects performance positively. This is one of the first studies that merge the REIT and the family business streams of research. Future directions are suggested.
The huge disparity in outcomes of multiple myeloma treatment could potentially be overcome by improving access and affordability of treatments.
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As noted in the report, two samples of families from the Fragile Families dataset were selected for re-analysis. An initial sample was limited to families where the mother is 18 years of age or older and has a household income at their Year 1 interview at or below the national poverty threshold based on the year of their interview (1999 through 2001). The second sample, the
After describing and comparing household wealth distribution and wealth inequality in the United States and the United Kingdom, the authors explain why the median U.S. household accumulates more wealth than its UK counterpart.
Because incomes fluctuate greatly in the ten years between counts, the Census cannot provide us with income trends. Rather, it takes a snapshot of income levels and depicts a general picture of income rise, fall and change. ...
Because incomes fluctuate greatly in the ten years between counts, the Census cannot provide us with income trends. Rather, it takes a snapshot of income levels and depicts a general picture of income rise, fall and change. ...
In this Nature Science and inequality special issue we look at what science can say about inequality as a phenomenon, and the way inequality plays out within the science workforce. Economist Branko Milanovic uses historical data to follow the ebb and flow of inequality on a timescale of centuries. Mike Savage tackles the question of what class actually means. And in two News Features we look in detail at what inequality means within science itself. Cover art: Peter Crowther ...
Addiction among the wealthy occurs very often. Addiction does not discriminate; it affects people of all socioeconomic backgrounds.
The Smith College alumni magazines that I have been perusing have some interesting features. Apropos of current financial difficulties, one eye-opening article in the Spring
Report that presents findings from a rapid review of research and national data on the impact of certain background characteristics on outcomes for children in the early years. It seeks to identify the approaches that are most effective in reducing educational disadvantage and promoting positive outcomes. The review focused on children from birth to seven years of age and included evidence published since 2000. A total of 465 items of literature were identified and considered for inclusion in this review.. ...
Solving inequalities of the form (p(x))/(q(x))|0 (instead of | there can be another symbol of inequality), where p(x) and q(x) are polynomials,
Poverty compromises the markets access to skilled labor which is essential for production of needed goods and services. Poor people lack access to good health care, which presents challenges in...
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For many women, the thought (or actuality) of being single is dreadful. However, is being in an unhealthy relationship any better? I ask this question a lot in my articles because I repeatedly meet women who are with men that consistently treat them...
poverty keynote - Michael Metcalfe talks about the need for governments to print more money to increase aid to end poverty worldwide in his poverty keynote. Metcalfe...
Extra income opportunities are basically work-from-home opportunities that help augment your regular income. Many people are opting for these work-from-home…
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October 20,2009- CN reports Q3-2009 net income of C$461 million, or C$0.97 per diluted share,
compared with year-earlier net income of C$552 million, or C$1.16 per diluted
share.
In this paper, Rebecca Blank discusses the reasons why the current official U.S. poverty measure is outdated and nonresponsive to many anti-poverty initiatives. The paper ends with four recommended steps that would allow the U.S. to improve its measurement of poverty and economic need.
During the last several years, there has been substantial and important growth in the application of quantitative analysis, i.e., operations...
The female organism has a lot of individual characteristics which explains why some women have a lot of problems with their period and others do not have such problems at all.
Logitech International SA reported a 5.9per cent rise in adjusted operating income for the third quarter on Tuesday, boosted by higher demand for ...