This paper explores the social support networks available to the informal carers of people living with motor neurone disease (MND). An ethnographic case study was undertaken using ecomapping, observation and conversational interviews to collect data from 18 primary carers of people living with MND. Interviews took place in participants homes in metropolitan, regional and rural locations. Participants discussed the content of their support network and drew lines between individuals to indicate the type and strength of relationship. Changes to the network were depicted on ecomaps during subsequent interviews. While health policy-makers assume that healthy social capital exists in Australian communities and that social cohesion will ensure active and available support networks in times of illness or disability, data from this exploratory study indicated that this was not consistently the case. Support networks varied in size and composition; however, age was identified as a discriminator of the ...
Older adults with perceived having emotional social support had a 41% increased odds of meeting physical activity guidelines (OR = 1.41; 95% CI: 1.01-1.97). The only specific sources of social support that were associated with meeting physical activity guidelines was friend emotional support (OR = 1.19; 95% CI: 1.01-1.41) and financial support (OR = 1.28; 95% CI: 1.09-1.49). With regard to size of social support network, a dose-response relationship was observed. Compared with those with 0 close friends, those with 1 to 2, 3 to 4, 5, and 6+ close friends, respectively, had a 1.70-, 2.38-, 2.57-, and 2.71-fold increased odds of meeting physical activity guidelines. There was some evidence of gender- and age-specific associations between social support and physical activity. ...
The Importance of ICT in the Social Support Networks and in the Citizenship of the Portuguese Elderly: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4373-4.ch019: The Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) contain properties that easily convert into solutions for people with special needs, contributing to
While the psychological benefits of social support are well-established, it is also clear that for many socially anxious individuals, engaging with face-to-face social networks is problematic. This research examined whether social support derived from an online social network (Facebook) had incremental value in predicting subjective well-being over and above offline social support in socially anxious and non-socially anxious individuals. Individuals with high (N = 105) and low (N = 194) social anxiety completed measures of perceived social support, perceived social support derived from Facebook, and subjective well-being. For the high social anxiety group, Facebook social support explained a significant amount of additional variance in subjective well-being, with offline social support failing to contribute significantly to the model. For the low social anxiety group, Facebook social support did not explain any variance in well-being over and above offline social support. Possible implications ...
Background: Social support is an important predictor of health outcomes after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but significant variability in social support exists by sex and age. Most studies have been conducted in populations of predominately older, male patients; little is known about the impact of social support on outcomes after AMI in young patients, who may have unique demands and resources.. Methods: We used data from the VIRGO study, an observational study of patients aged ≤55 years with AMI in the US and Spain, to examine the association of low perceived social support (LPSS) with baseline and 1-year health status, depression, and quality of life. Patients were categorized as having low vs. moderate/high social support using the ENRICHD Social Support Inventory (ESSI), which was collected during the index AMI hospitalization. A modified 5-item version of the 7-item ESSI was used for this study in order to examine marital status and instrumental support separately from perceived ...
Emotion identification skill (EIS) has been correlated with social support, but little research has examined the extent that EIS is a developmental precursor to supportive relationships. The present study investigated the longitudinal relationships between EIS and social support in adolescence. Participants were 903 (464 males; 439 females) Australian high school students, with 314 participating in all four waves. Students completed questionnaires annually from Grade 9 to Grade 12, including self-report measures of (1) EIS, (2) social support network size, and (3) quality of social support. Cross-lagged structural equation modeling supported a reciprocal influence model, with social support and EIS mutually influencing each others development. We discuss the implications of this finding for the positive development of EIS and social support. ...
Background: Chronic stress associated with living in poverty may lead to higher levels of adiposity due to the adoption of obesity-promoting stress coping behaviors. Social support may provide an alternative means of coping with stress, but very few studies have investigated whether high levels of social support can mitigate the adverse impact of poverty on adiposity.. Hypothesis: We hypothesized that social support modified the association between poverty and BMI whereby the association of poverty with BMI was weaker among adults who reported higher social support.. Methods: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005-2008) participants ages 40+ (n=5,768) responded to questions about availability and adequacy of emotional social support (adequate, inadequate, and none) and about availability of financial support (yes/no). Poverty was defined as a poverty:income ratio ≤ 1.3. BMI (kg/m2) was calculated from measured height and weight. Sex-stratified multivariable linear regression ...
Background: Although social support has been observed to exert a beneficial influence on leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), multidimensional approaches examining social support and prospective evidence of its importance are scarce. The purpose of this study was to investigate how four dimensions of social support affect LTPA engagement, maintenance, type, and time spent by adults during a two-year follow-up. Methods: This paper reports on a longitudinal study of 3,253 non-faculty public employees at a university in Rio de Janeiro (the Pro-Saude study). LTPA was evaluated using a dichotomous question with a two-week reference period, and further questions concerning LTPA type (individual or group) and time spent on the activity. Social support was measured by the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Scale (MOS-SSS). To assess the association between social support and LTPA, two different statistical models were used: binary and multinomial logistic regression models for dichotomous and ...
Objective To explore the mediating effect of social support on the relationship between negative emotion and coping style in human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)-infected pregnant women.Methods A total of 202 HIV-infected pregnant women were enrolled by a convenient sampling method in this study.Participants completed questionnaires including social support rating scale(SSRS),knowledge,attitudes and practices scale for preventing mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus(KAPS-PMTCT),self-rating anxiety scale(SAS),self-rating depression scale(SDS),Berger HIV stigma scale(BHSS),and simplified coping style questionnaire(SCSQ).The relationships of these variables were analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis and structure equation modeling analysis.Results The correlations between negative emotion,social support and coping style were all significant.Social support was negatively correlated with negative emotion(P0.05)and negative coping style(P0.01),and was positively correlated with
Social support is important in daily activities of the elderly. This study tests the hypothesis that there is an association between social support and cognitive function among the elderly in a community setting. Face-to-face interviews were conducted in a cross-sectional stratified random sample of 4,993 elderly (≥65 years) city residents. Using multiple regression analysis, we investigated the influence of social support on cognitive function. 12% were over 80 years old. 53.28% were men. 67.14% were married. Higher Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ) scores (higher score means better cognitive function) were associated with strong social support, as measured by marital status and perceived positive support from friends. Lower cognitive function was associated with older and with female respondents. Only instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) were statistically and negatively related to SPMSQ. Lower functional status was associated with lower cognitive function. Elders with
Background: Previous research suggests that artificial agents may be a promising source of social support for humans. However, the bulk of this research has been conducted in the context of social support interventions that specifically address stressful situations or health improvements. Little research has examined social support received from artificial agents in everyday contexts. Objective: Considering that social support manifests in not only crises but also everyday situations and that everyday social support forms the basis of support received during more stressful events, we aimed to investigate the types of everyday social support that can be received from artificial agents. Methods: In Study 1, we examined publicly available user reviews (N=1854) of Replika, a popular companion chatbot. In Study 2, a sample (n=66) of Replika users provided detailed open-ended responses regarding their experiences of using Replika. We conducted thematic analysis on both datasets to gain insight into the kind
Results Older adults refer more instrumental support at home and among their children. The support from outside the home of other relatives and friends showed present but fluctuates over time of the study. Physical and functional conditions, self-reported health were indicators of maintaining the exchange of support with all network over time but the worsening in these conditions was accompanied by more support available for elderly. ...
This study examines the extent to which locus of control and social support are linked to self-efficacy with regard to disease management in HIV-positive adults. Perceived ability to effectively manage illness was measured with the Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Disease Scale. Scores from the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and the Multidimensional Locus of Control Scale were used as predictors. The gender-balanced sample (N = 69) of HIV+ adults was primarily African-American (65.3%) and European American (30.5%), with a mean age of 47 years (SD = 8.37). Correlational analyses suggested significant positive relationships between self-efficacy, social support, and locus of control due to powerful others. A regression analysis found that the model accounted for 23% of the variance in self-efficacy (adj. R-squared =.23, F (5, 63) = 4.81, p | .01), with social support (β = .37, t = 3.28, p | .01) and locus of control (β = .25, t = 2.26, p | .05) both significant predictors.
That said, since your blog is a great resource for someone going through cancer I wanted to reach out to you to see if you were interested in a new online social support network (that I am the community manager of!) called I Had Cancer. It is a new and free social support network focused on connecting people based on experiences with cancer so that they can easily communicate with one another and share information. I would love to tell you more if you are interested, so please let me know! Because I was so struck by your writing I would love to send you an early-access pass with extra invites for others you may know going through this journey ...
This paper argues that normative considerations are more important than attitudinal factors in engaging colorectal cancer screening, and tests a model explaining how unique cultural expressions of soc
Social support profile is associated with increased psychological well-being in the workplace[40] and in response to important life events.[41] There has been an ample amount of evidence showing that social support aids in lowering problems related to ones mental health. As reported by Cutrona, Russell, and Rose, in the elderly population that was in their studies, their results showed that elderly individuals who had relationships where their self-esteem was elevated were less likely to have a decline in their health.[42] In stressful times, social support helps people reduce psychological distress (e.g., anxiety or depression).[11] Social support can simultaneously function as a problem-focused (e.g. receiving tangible information that helps resolve an issue) and emotion-focused coping strategy (e.g. used to regulate emotional responses that arise from the stressful event)[43] Social support ≤has been found to promote psychological adjustment in conditions with chronic high stress like ...
Cohen and his team chose to study hugging as an example of social support because hugs are typically a marker of having a more intimate and close relationship with another person.. We know that people experiencing ongoing conflicts with others are less able to fight off cold viruses. We also know that people who report having social support are partly protected from the effects of stress on psychological states, such as depression and anxiety, said Cohen. We tested whether perceptions of social support are equally effective in protecting us from stress-induced susceptibility to infection and also whether receiving hugs might partially account for those feelings of support and themselves protect a person against infection.. In 404 healthy adults, perceived support was assessed by a questionnaire, and frequencies of interpersonal conflicts and receiving hugs were derived from telephone interviews conducted on 14 consecutive evenings. Then, the participants were intentionally exposed to a ...
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Factors influencing supportive social networks of people with schizophrenia are little understood. Data from 46 outpatients with schizophrenia were analysed using structural equation modelling to test plausible sets of inter-relationships between social skill, social networks, and social support. The data supported a tentative model about the causal relationships between variables. Paths showed that people with greater social skill had larger social networks, but did not necessarily perceive greater support from these networks. Negative symptoms accounted for some of the effect of social skill on social networks. Whereas groups of single-admission and multiple-admission participants did not differ in terms of social skill, social networks, or support, the age of the participants influenced their social skill and the size of their social networks. Younger participants had greater social skill and larger social networks. The results appear to suggest the importance of early intervention for young ...
Purpose: The understanding of sociodemographic variables and drug court completion is well documented in the drug court literature, but the application of theoretical predictors is often neglected, leading to a gap in theory and practice. To fill this gap, this study examined the utility of social support theory in explaining the differences between those who complete the drug court program and those who fail to do so. Using Cohens definition, social support was conceptualized as social networks, supportive behaviors, and perceived support. Methods: Participant survey data and drug court data from the National Institute of Justices Multi-Site Adult Drug Court Evaluation (MADCE) was used to construct seven scales of social support that proxy the Index of Socially Supportive Behaviors (ISSB) and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). Several random-effect, multi-level logistic models were used to calculate the probability of drug court completion, controlling for participant and
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of Treating Depression and Low Perceived Social Support on Clinical Events after Myocardial Infarction. T2 - The Enhancing Recovery in Coronary Heart Disease Patients (ENRICHD) Randomized Trial. AU - Berkman, Lisa F.. AU - Blumenthal, James. AU - Burg, Matthew. AU - Carney, Robert M.. AU - Catellier, Diane. AU - Cowan, Marie J.. AU - Czajkowski, Susan M.. AU - De Busk, Robert. AU - Hosking, James. AU - Jaffe, Allan S. AU - Kaufmann, Peter G.. AU - Mitchell, Pamela. AU - Norman, James. AU - Powell, Lynda H.. AU - Raczynski, James M.. AU - Schneiderman, Neil. AU - Raczynski, PY - 2003/6/18. Y1 - 2003/6/18. N2 - Context: Depression and low perceived social support (LPSS) after myocardial infarction (MI) are associated with higher morbidity and mortality, but little is known about whether this excess risk can be reduced through treatment. Objective: To determine whether mortality and recurrent infarction are reduced by treatment of depression and LPSS with cognitive behavior ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Maternal support networks, maternal cognitions, and young childrens social and cognitive development.. AU - Melson, G. F.. AU - Ladd, Gary. AU - Hsu, H. C.. PY - 1993/10. Y1 - 1993/10. N2 - The relations among maternal support networks, maternal perceptions of parenting, maternal attributions for parenting situations, and childrens social development, as indexed by peer acceptance, and cognitive performance, as indexed by the PPVT-R and PSI, were examined in a sample of 69 mothers and their preschool-age children. Network characteristics directly predicted cognitive performance and indirectly predicted peer acceptance through effects on maternal perceptions and attributions. Parent cognitions as mediators of network effects on childrens development are discussed, addressing variation due to network dimensions, types of parent cognitions, and domain of childrens development.. AB - The relations among maternal support networks, maternal perceptions of parenting, maternal ...
This study examined the impact of instrumental and emotional support on valued activity disability and depressive symptoms. Results indicate that instrumental support is associated with development of less disability in valued activities. Individuals who received adequate help with daily tasks during year 1 reported fewer valued activities newly affected by RA from year 1 to year 2. Although not significant, a statistical trend suggests that instrumental support may moderate the impact of basic function on VLA disability. In other words, the worse an individuals function, the more important receiving adequate help with daily tasks may be to minimize VLA disability.. In addition, analyses revealed that both VLA disability and emotional support were strongly associated with concurrent depressive symptoms. Individuals who had fewer newly affected activities from year 1 to year 2 and who received adequate emotional support in year 2 reported fewer depressive symptoms in the same year.. A ...
This study examined the impact of instrumental and emotional support on valued activity disability and depressive symptoms. Results indicate that instrumental support is associated with development of less disability in valued activities. Individuals who received adequate help with daily tasks during year 1 reported fewer valued activities newly affected by RA from year 1 to year 2. Although not significant, a statistical trend suggests that instrumental support may moderate the impact of basic function on VLA disability. In other words, the worse an individuals function, the more important receiving adequate help with daily tasks may be to minimize VLA disability.. In addition, analyses revealed that both VLA disability and emotional support were strongly associated with concurrent depressive symptoms. Individuals who had fewer newly affected activities from year 1 to year 2 and who received adequate emotional support in year 2 reported fewer depressive symptoms in the same year.. A ...
This study examines the relative contributions of giving versus receiving support to longevity in a sample of older married adults. Baseline indicators of giving and receiving support were used to predict mortality status over a 5-year period in the Changing Lives of Older Couples sample. Results fr …
Empirical evidence exists showing a correlation between social support and health behaviors. However, does social support act the same across several health behaviors? The purpose of this study was to determine if social support has an impact across diet, physical activity and smoking in adults. The participants were 2,821 adults over the age of 40 from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005-2006, NHANES III). Multiple regression models were used to explore such a correlation. The findings suggest that social support does not act the same across varying health behaviors. The findings also suggest that educational attainment was the consistent predictor of adult health behaviors. Those participants that had higher education were more likely to exercise, less likely to smoke and more likely to adhere to food labels. The results from this study suggest that varying sources of social support is not a consistent predictor of health behaviors.
Social network size was differentially associated with grey matter structure depending on the directionality of the social relationship. Social connectedness designated by other people (in-degree size) was associated with brain volumes which have been implicated in inferring social information. By contrast, self-reported social connectedness (out-degree size) did not show any association. These results provide important support for the social brain hypothesis and delineate the nature of social networks that was effective in our prediction that larger social brain volume will contribute to better management of social relationships; i.e. the in-degree size. It is noteworthy that by examining the complete social network of an entire village, we were able to measure and compare out-degree and in-degree sizes of social networks and their association with brain volumes for the first time, to our knowledge.. Out-degree directly measures the perceived amount of available social support to the respondent ...
Background Pregnancy loss is typically experienced as a traumatic, critical event, which may lead to secondary psychological health disorders. Its burden involves both the experience of loss and related medical issues, which are associated with pain, hospitalization, limitation in ones social roles, decreased sense of security, and changes in ones perceived quality of life. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate levels of quality of life (QoL), social support and self-efficacy among women who had suffered a miscarriage.Methods The study was performed using a diagnostic survey method with questionnaires administered to 610 patients hospitalized due to spontaneous pregnancy loss in hospitals in Lublin (Poland). The instruments used were: the Berlin Social Support Scales (BSSS), the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), the WHOQoL-BREF questionnaire, and a standardized interview questionnaire.Results Respondents rated their overall QoL (3.90 points) higher than their overall perceived ...
Background. The role of social capital for promoting health has been extensively studied in recent years but there are few attempts to investigate the possible influence of social capital on HIV prevention,particularly in developing countries. The overall aims of this thesis are to investigate the links between social capital and HIV infection and to contribute to the theoretical framework of the role of social capital for HIV prevention.. Methods. Key informant interviews with leaders of organizations, networks, social groups and communities and focus group discussions with members and non-members of the social groups and networks were conducted to map out and characterize various forms of social capital that may influenceHIV prevention. A quantitative community survey was carried out in three case communities toestimate the influence of social capital on HIV risk behaviors. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to estimate the HIV prevalence in the urban district representing a high HIV ...
This study compared perceived social support, psychological well-being, satisfaction with life, and psychosocial functioning in a sample of Hispanic and Non-Hispanic outpatients. A review of the literature revealed no data on the impact of ethnicity on these variables on a seriously mentally ill population. Seventy-six psychiatric outpatients in treatment in a New York City public hospital participated. Fifty-three were Hispanic (mainly Puerto Rican) and 23 Non-Hispanic Whites. There were 41 females and 12 males in the Hispanic sample and 8 males and 15 females in the White sample. The mean age was 47 and 48 years, respectively. Participants completed five self-report instruments measuring life satisfaction (QOLI), perceived social support from family and friends (PSS-Fa, Fr), health status (SF-36), and psychiatric symptomatology (BSI). A measure of degree of acculturation was administered to the Hispanic subsample only. Statistical analyses revealed that Hispanic patients reported significantly greater
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Objectives To examine maternal functioning and wellbeing as important aspects of a familys adaptation to chronic paediatric conditions, in particular, children with diabetes. Method This cross-sectional study investigated the difference between the perceived quality of life of mothers of children with diabetes (n = 63) and mothers of children without diabetes (n = 114). The study also examined the role of self-efficacy, relationship satisfaction, number of social support providers, and satisfaction with social support in predicting quality of life. Results Mothers who had a child with diabetes had lower quality of life measured by general health, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional, and mental health than mothers that did not have a child with diabetes. Self-efficacy, relationship satisfaction, and social support were significant predictors of quality of life (mental health domain). Conclusion In order to enhance their psychological wellbeing, mothers of children with diabetes require adequate
High levels of social capital and social integration are associated with self-rated health in many developed countries. However, it is not known whether this association extends to non-western and less economically advanced countries. We examine associations between social support, volunteering, and self-rated health in 139 low-, middle- and high-income countries. Data come from the Gallup World Poll, an internationally comparable survey conducted yearly from 2005 to 2009 for those 15 and over. Volunteering was measured by self-reports of volunteering to an organization in the past month. Social support was based on self-reports of access to support from relatives and friends. We started by estimating random coefficient (multi-level) models and then used multivariate logistic regression to model health as a function of social support and volunteering, controlling for age, gender, education, marital status, and religiosity. We found statistically significant evidence of cross-national variation ...
The purpose of the study was to analyze whether social relations are related to onset of disability among old people at 1.5 year follow-up and whether these relations vary by age and gender. The study is based on baseline and 1.5 year follow-up data on 1396 older non-disabled adults. Social relations were measured by questions about diversity in social relations, social participation, satisfaction with social relations and instrumental social support. Onset of disability was described as developing need of help in at least one of six mobility activities. The results showed that a large diversity in social relations and high social participation were important factors for maintaining functional ability among the 75-year-old men and women, while social support was a risk factor for functional decline among the 80-year-old men. The present study suggests that being embedded in a strong network of social relations provides protection against disability by reducing risk of developing disability ...
This report summarises the main findings of the survey as presented in the reports and explores the implications of these findings for EU policy, along with challenges for future policies. Among the more interesting findings are the perception of strong social support networks across Europe, the differences in levels of satisfaction both within and between countries, and the
Previous studies have used social network variables to improve our understanding of HIV transmission. Similar analytic approaches have not been undertaken for hepatitis C (HCV) or B (HBV), nor used to conduct comparative studies on these pathogens within a single setting. A cross-sectional survey consisting of a questionnaire and blood sample was conducted on injection drug users in Winnipeg between December 2003 and September 2004. Logistic regression analyses were used to correlate respondent and personal network data with HCV, HBV and HIV prevalence. At the multivariate level, pathogen prevalence was correlated with both respondent and IDU risk network variables. Pathogen transmission was associated with several distinct types of high-risk networks formed around specific venues (shooting galleries, hotels) or within users who are linked by their drug use preferences. Smaller, isolated pockets of IDUs also appear to exist within the larger population where behavioural patterns pose a lesser risk,
Psychosocial Adjustment and the Meaning of Social Support for Visually Impaired Adolescents, Online, This article presents research derived from a nationwide study conducted at the University of Amsterdam into the psychosocial adjustment and the meaning of social support for Dutch adolescents with visual impairments. The findings indicate that social support, especially the support of peers, is important to adolescents with visual impairments. The differences between visually impaired and sighted adolescents proved to be small, but significant.
FERREIRA, Milce Burgos et al. Social support, socioeconomic and clinical risk: comparison between to neighborhoods in a Brazilian upcountry town. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2012, vol.46, n.4, pp.822-828. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342012000400006.. The objective of this study was to compare the perceptions of two families living in two different neighborhoods (rated according to risk levels) regarding social support. A questionnaire was designed to assess social support according to the following dimensions: instrumental, emotional, religious, and support from friends, neighbors and family. The sample was comprised as follows: considering the 114 families living in neighborhood 1, 52 families were interviewed; and among the 162 families living in neighborhood 2, 60 families were interviewed. No significant difference was found related to instrumental, religious and emotional support, including the support from relatives among the families from both neighborhoods. The ...
PRADO, Crisley Vanessa et al. Social support and physical activity in adolescents from public schools: the importance of family and friends. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.4, pp.827-838. ISSN 0102-311X. https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00014313.. The aim of this study was to verify the association between different types and sources of social support and physical activity among adolescents from Curitiba, Paraná State, Brazil. A school-based survey was conducted with a representative sample of adolescents from public schools (n = 1,469). Multiple regression models were used to test the association between weekly frequency and sources of social support from family and friends and weekly frequency of physical activity. Among boys, frequent company of family (PR: 2.88; 95%CI: 2.00-4.13) and friends (PR: 5.46; 95%CI: 2.33-12.78) and positive reinforcement from friends (PR: 1.81; 95%CI: 1.18-2.77) were positively associated with physical activity. Sporadic invitation by the family was ...
Background: Postpartum depression has been the focus of much research in the past 15 years, but little is known about factors associated with depression of longer duration or later onset. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to analyze the relationship between stressful life conditions and postnatal depression in a group of women of low socioeconomic status from the third week to the sixth month postpartum. Methods: Nulliparas who met criteria for low socioeconomic status were recruited from the prenatal care clinics of four Montreal hospitals. Questionnaires were verbally administered in the home at 30 weeks gestation, at 3 and 9 weeks postpartum, and at 6 months postpartum. Blockwise multiple linear regression analyses were performed by entering predictor variables that included sociodemographic characteristics, chronic stressors, life events, and social support network. Results: Sixty-eight women participated in the study. At 6 months postpartum, 38.2 percent of the mothers had a Beck ...
These are just a few early warning signs of mental health issues. And if you notice such signs, it may be time to visit a healthcare professional. Also, you can visit the Mental Health America website for helpful resources.. Pets for better mental health. The Anxiety and Depression Association of America reports that the pet effect may help reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression. Experts also report that pets and therapy animals can lower feelings of stress, loneliness, and isolation. Not only that, but research also shows that pets can spark biological changes that can help reduce anxiety and depression.. One of these changes is that having a pet encourages physical activity. Exercise can improve not only brain health, but also the health of your body. This in turn can help improve your quality of life.. Pets can also improve your social support networks. For example, when you take your dog to the park or in public, people will likely interact with you and your pet. This in turn could help ...
Marital status and indices of social support are associated with mortality due to coronary heart disease and stroke. This association seems not entirely due to differences in recognised cardiovascular disease risk factors. The Western Sydney Stroke Risk in the Elderly Study examined the relationship between marital status, living arrangements,...
Welcome to the new look website for the Asthma Support Network in the ACT. Through this website we will update consumers and stakeholders with progress on our projects, along with useful information about local services and resources. We hope you enjoy our website and find it useful ...
A. Social and economic factors. Although socioeconomic status has not consistently been found to be an independent predictor of adherence, in developing countries low socioeconomic status may put patients in the position of having to choose between competing priorities. Such priorities frequently include demands to direct the limited resources available to meet the needs of other family members, such as children or parents for whom they care.. Some factors reported to have a significant effect on adherence are: poor socioeconomic status, poverty, illiteracy, low level of education, unemployment, lack of effective social support networks, unstable living conditions, long distance from treatment centre, high cost of transport, high cost of medication, changing environmental situations, culture and lay beliefs about illness and treatment, and family dysfunction. Various sociodemographic and economic variables are discussed in the course of this report (see also Annex 3).. Some studies have reported ...
Supervised apartments enable their occupants to satisfy their personal needs by ensuring privacy, peace, security and freedom from external requirements. Relationships with other residents based on sharing everyday life experiences create favourable conditions for developing a sense of belonging to the community. Research on the benefits provided by such apartments indicates their beneficial effect on social functioning, the extension of the social support network, lower severity of negative symptoms of schizophrenia, and greater satisfaction with all aspects of quality of life ...
We now know that low social support places heart patients at higher risk of adverse quality-of-life outcomes. And while older patients are more likely to rely on their immediate family for this social support, younger patients tend to include fewer family members but more friends and co-workers in their support networks. Could this difference explain…
The Family Network connects hundreds of Usher families worldwide. Many families join the family network for their own benefit. They want to talk to someone with similar experiences. They want information. They want help. But in the process of communicating with other Usher families, they end up providing precisely what they are seeking. When a new person joins, we pass on their contact information to the others in the network. It is then up to the current families to decide if they want to contact the new member or not. The new member will not know to whom weve passed on the information, so there is no pressure to contact them.
Downloadable! The effect of bank capital on lending is a critical determinant of the linkage between financial conditions and real activity, and has received especial attention in the recent financial crisis. We use panel-regression techniques-following Bernanke and Lown (1991) and Hancock and Wilcox (1993, 1994)-to study the lending of large bank holding companies (BHCs) and find small effects of capital on lending. We then consider the effect of capital ratios on lending using a variant of Lown and Morgans (2006) VAR model, and again find modest effects of bank capital ratio changes on lending. These results are in marked contrast to estimates obtained using simple empirical relations between aggregate commercial-bank assets and leverage growth, which have recently been very influential in shaping forecasters and policymakers views regarding the effects of bank capital on loan growth. Our estimated models are then used to understand recent developments in bank lending and, in particular, to
Entering the Virtual Teachers Lounge: Social Connectedness among Professional Educators in Virtual Environments: 10.4018/978-1-60566-984-7.ch098: As communication and connection are essential instruments for professional educators, this chapter seeks to examine the effectiveness of an online
other assistive measures available to deliver a good or service to ensure equality of outcome.. 3.3 Owners of Service Animals may receive information from staff as to the location of fresh water for the service animal and where service animals may be walked to relieve themselves.. 4. Support Persons. 4.1 Support Persons shall be permitted entry to all Humber facilities and meeting rooms that are open to the public, except when there are fees applied against participants by a third party and the Support Person was not pre-registered and/or no vacancy exists.. 4.2 If admission to an event is permitted and fees are payable to a third party, the Support Person is permitted to attend the event at their own cost. If admission to an event is permitted and fees are payable to Humber, the Support Person is permitted to attend at no cost.. 4.3 Where a Support Person is necessary to protect the health or safety of the person with a disability or the health or safety of others on the premises, the person ...