Guidelines surrounding maternal contact with the stillborn infant have been contradictory over the past thirty years. Most studies have reported that seeing and holding the stillborn baby is associated with fewer anxiety and depressive symptoms among mothers of stillborn babies than not doing so. In contrast, others studies suggest that contact with the stillborn infant can lead to poorer maternal mental health outcomes. There is a lack of research focusing on the maternal experience of this contact. The present study aimed to investigate how mothers describe their experience of spending time with their stillborn baby and how they felt retrospectively about the decision they made to see and hold their baby or not. In depth interviews were conducted with twenty-one mothers three months after stillbirth. All mothers had decided to see and the majority to hold their baby. Qualitative analysis of the interview data was performed using Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis. Six superordinate themes were
Advances in medication claim to have transformed HIV from a terminal disease to a chronic illness. However, these advances have also introduced some unique challenges; HIV-drug resistance, the failure of medication to stop the replication process of the HIV virus, is an increasing concern for those infected. There is an extensive amount of current literature on medical studies relating to HIV-drug resistance, but the psychological processes and the impact of living with HIV-drug resistance have been largely overlooked. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the psychosocial impact of HIV-drug resistance in a group of HIV-positive gay men who have experienced this phenomenon. Also, the aim was to examine how these men adjusted to drug resistance. Consequently a semi-structured interview schedule was developed to elicit the participants personal experiences and views of HIV-drug resistance. Data were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Four master themes ...
Much research recognises the clinical value of considering clients cultural context. Cultural competence may be considered the balance between sensitive practice and an awareness about particular cultural groups. Jewishness is a powerful influence on the majority of Jewish people, regardless of religiosity. Jewishness incorporates more than Judaism, for example, it includes Jewish history, ethnicity and culture. This research aims to help therapists work with Jewish families by familiarising them with aspects of Jewishness, in order to gain insight to the lived experience of contemporary, British, Jewish families, so as to consider the potential clinical implications of Jewishness and develop cultural competence. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight British-born, culturally, rather than religiously, Jewish mothers aged between 30 and 39. The interview transcripts were analysed using an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis methodology. Ten themes (^entity, Tradition ...
In case youre on the lookout for an unique magnificence and robust life values, Mongolian ladies are your finest option to get in severe relationships. Unlike American women, they dont intend to commit their full life to careers. A main purpose of a typical Mongolian lady is a reliable man who will respect her traditions and the strategy to life. In return, she gives you all her love and treat you with the best care.. It helps people from marginalised groups, especially older individuals, women, kids and disabled people. NASCIF was based to develop an efficient strategy to satisfy the challenges and opportunities of Nepals rising variety of older people. It acts as a nationwide community for organisations working to improve and uphold the rights of senior citizens in Nepal.. Such a big life-expectancy hole appears to be found mostly in formerly socialist nations. If you might be lucky to pull out a beautiful Mongolian girl from beneath all layers of her heat clothes, you will reveal the ...
The delegates to the provincial constitution convention on Thursday vehemently opposed the article, which prescribes affirmative action for the minorities and marginalised groups as an attempt to legalise homosexuality in Zambia.. Practising homosexuality or lesbianism is currently a criminal offence in Zambia under Chapter 87 of the Penal Code.. After protracted debate during the plenary, convention chairperson Solomon Muzyamba asked the delegates to vote by acclamation.. Mr Muzyamba asked those who wanted the article removed from the draft constitution to say yes and those in support to say no.. The response from those who wanted the article removed was a resounding yes with only one voice in its support.. Several delegates argued that the article was not necessary because the rights of minorities and marginalised groups, including children, people with disabilities and non-Christians, have been covered by various articles under part five of the Bill of Rights.. Chief Sinazongwe said it will ...
Knee osteoarthritis is a highly prevalent condition that can result in disability and reduced quality of life. The evidence suggests that total knee replacement surgery (TKR) is an effective intervention for patients with severe knee problems, but there is also an unmet need for this treatment in the UK. To help understand the reason for this unmet need, the aim of this study was to explore the factors that influence the decision-making process of TKR surgery by synthesising the available evidence from qualitative research on this topic. A meta-synthesis was undertaken. This involved sevens steps: getting started, deciding what is relevant to the initial interest, reading the studies, determining how the studies are related, translating the studies into one another, synthesising translations, and finally, expressing the synthesis. Second-order and third-order interpretations regarding decision-making in TKR surgery were drawn from the literature. Ten qualitative studies were found and are included in
On Thursday 11th July, Stuart Bedston and Lindsay Youansamouth - in collaboration with Georgia Philip from the University of East Anglia - hosted a learning network event bringing together practitioners from local authorities and the voluntary sector working with marginalised fathers. The event included a talk from Jadwiga, the founder of New Beginnings, and a dad who is involved in the programme. The New Beginnings programme is designed to bring about positive change in families. The day also consisted of: ...
Lutfun N Hossain, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Tim Luckett, Joanna C Moullin, Desire Durks, Lucia Franco-Trigo, Shalom I Benrimoj, Daniel Sabater-Hernández ...
Introduction. The past decade has witnessed a dramatic increase in the number of children diagnosed with Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). According to Moore (2008), 1 in 1000 children were reported to be diagnosed with ASD in 1994, while Pottie and Ingram (2008) reported ASD prevalence as high as 6.7 children in every 1000 in the United States of America during 2007. Furthermore, evidence from a number of European countries including Denmark (Lauritsen, Pedersen, & Mortensen, 2004) and England (Baird et al., 2006), as well as from countries across Asia (Sun & Allison, 2010) suggests that the past 10 years have witnessed a noteworthy global increase in the prevalence of ASD diagnoses. It is debatable whether or not the actual incidence of ASD is on the rise. However, what appears obvious is that ASD diagnoses are being made more frequently worldwide. Matson and Kozlowski (2010) noted that while numerous theories have been formulated regarding the increase in ASD diagnoses, the ...
Introduction For many living with Huntingtons disease, care is provided by family members, primarily partners: a role revealed to adversely affect carers psychological well-being in other neurodegenerative conditions. The partner relationship has been argued as the most sensitive to this impact. To date there has been little systematic exploration of the impact of caring for a partner with HD, and what published literature is available is constrained by its chosen methodology.. ...
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Are these stories important to tell? Yes. If done right, storytelling is public education that has the power to change societies....Maybe sometimes we should be story facilitators and help others tell their own stories instead of doing it for them. Enter participatory storytelling, whereby participants learn about narrative and use technology to produce their own media. By giving them control, we get a genuine storytellers perspective, plus theyre empowered through participation, not representation-which is the only solution to marginalization anyway. | Just Story It
The Lagos State Government Plan of Action to Empower Marginalised Adolescent Girls has been developed in response to the sheer number of marginalised adolescent girls who are still unreached, the magnitude of challenges they encounter and the need for guidance on how to effectively reach them. The Plan of Action makes the case for enhanced inter-sectoral and multi-stakeholder collaboration in efforts to ensure that marginalized adolescent girls are not left behind, in alignment with international commitments and national commitments towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) especially in Lagos State. It focuses attention on key populations of marginalised adolescent girls and highlights what global research evidence have shown to be the most productive approaches to reaching and empowering them ...
What factors shape a persons decision to migrate? Who stays behind in a war zone or highly insecure context, and why? A persons gender, age, religion, race, ethnicity, sexuality, health or disability shape every stage of the migration experience. The Institute of Development Studies has recently published two resources around the theme of migration and marginalisation which focus on gender, ageing and sexuality as key influencing factors.
Aspiring parents should both avoid alcohol consumption prior to conception to protect against congenital heart defects for both their baby and parents, according to research published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Alcohol consumption three months before pregnancy orRead … Read moreAlcohol Consumption Prior to Conception Raises Congenital Heart Disease Risk. ...
In academia, the term queer and the related verb queering broadly indicate the study of literature, discourse, academic fields, and other social and cultural areas from a non-heteronormative perspective. It often means studying a subject against the grain from the perspective of gender studies.. Queer studies is the study of issues relating to sexual orientation and gender identity usually focusing on LGBT people and cultures. Originally centered on LGBT history and literary theory, the field has expanded to include the academic study of issues raised in biology, sociology, anthropology, history of science, philosophy, psychology, sexology, political science, ethics, and other fields by an examination of the identity, lives, history, and perception of queer people. Organizations such as the Irish Queer Archive attempt to collect and preserve history related to queer studies.. Queer theory is a field of post-structuralist critical theory that emerged in the early 1990s out of the fields of queer ...
Female sport fan research has been gaining momentum in recent years (e.g., Farrell, Fink, & Fields, 2011; Osborne & Coombs, 2013; Pope, 2011, 2013; Sveinson & Hoeber, 2015). Much of this research focuses on the marginalization that these sport fans experience (e.g., Crawford & Gosling, 2004; Jones, 2008; Sherlock & Elsden, 2000), with little attention given to experiences of empowerment. Therefore, this study sought to explore if female sport fans experiences involve marginalization, empowerment, or both and what contributes to these experiences. Multiple individual interviews were conducted with seven highly identified, displaced female sport fans. The data were analyzed through a three-step process involving open, axial, and selective coding (Strauss & Corbin, 1990). The findings demonstrated that the participants experience marginalization based on assumptions that women are inauthentic sport fans. They also felt empowered when they were able to demonstrate legitimacy and authenticity in ...
Transgender Europe is looking for a part time (80%, 32h per week) Policy Officer, for an initial period of 18 months. The Policy Officer will be working in the Advocacy and Capacity Building Team. They will be responsible to implement and refine TGEUs policy and advocacy work, as defined in the Strategic Plan 2014 - 2020, predominantly with European institutions (EU, CoE, OSCE) in the areas of gender equality, safety & violence, further marginalised groups, healthcare, education, and trans families. The place of work is located in Berlin, Germany, but will require frequent travel. Deadline for applications: 25 October, noon CET ...
Great advances have been made in HIV prevention, treatment and care. However, 1.7 million people become newly infected every year, every week 6,000 women (aged 15-24) are newly infected with HIV, and AIDS-related illnesses are the leading cause of death among 15-49-year-old females globally -according to the UNAIDS - AIDS by the Numbers, November 2019.. Understanding the contexts of these new infections-as well as the implications of treatment and prevention strategies-are crucial to effectively addressing HIV prevention. KIT aims to undertake such research and translate research findings into evidence. The goal of this work is to successfully contribute to HIV reduction and the promotion of SRHR.. Men, unmarried youth, and marginalised groups, such as gay men and women, sex workers, intravenous drug-users, and people living with HIV, are often ignored by such programmes. KIT is dedicated to breaking down the barriers to services and education that can help create satisfying and healthy sex ...
In this unit, students will consider the factors involved in reproductive and sexual health and discuss the biological basis of human fertility. This emphasis continues with discussion of regulation of human fertility either by contraception or treatment of infertility. Human reproductive and sexual function throughout the lifespan is discussed, with particular reference to the changes of puberty and ageing. Students will address other aspects of reproductive health such as breast self-examination, cervical cytology screening, sexually transmissible infections and unplanned pregnancy. Students will explore the cultural and psychological factors which impinge on human sexual and reproductive health. Discussion will include reproductive health issues faced by marginalised groups of our community. The relationship between this unit and health promotion and education, family planning and womens and mens health will be explored. ...
The growth in the number of older people worldwide is dramatic and associated with this is an increase in the number of people in the UK with a diagnosis of dementia. It is estimated that by 2050, two million people in the UK will have a diagnosis of dementia (Alzheimers Society, 2017). The implications of this are huge in relation to health, wellbeing, social policy and the individuals affected. Dementia can be devastating and is associated with multiple losses for the affected person and their relationships. In addition to the loss of mental faculties, the loss of an individuals social role and the threat to the sense of self impact on their relationships, overall lifestyle and their ability to contribute to society. People living with dementia are a marginalised group whose voices have often been ignored. However, since the 1990s, there has been a shift towards person-centred research, which involves listening to and involving people living with the condition. There has also been increased ...
This article examines the varied impacts of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) as a development delivery institution for the tribal communities vis-à-vis other social groups across the Indian States, using the framework of new institutional economics. A number of State-specific, socio-economic institutional factors seem to be responsible for these variations. The article therefore suggests institutional reforms and convergence of the development initiatives of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs with the NREGS in order to realise the optimal potential of the scheme, and, in particular, to ensure greater livelihood opportunities for these marginalised groups and their entitlement to productive resources with greater socio-economic and political empowerment ...
However, bullying is about power, and is generally understood to be something that occurs when people with more power exert it over those with less. The stereotypical schoolyard bully is a large, physically strong kid who picks on smaller, weaker ones. Bullying can also occur on other axes of power and oppression. For instance, people who are members of marginalised groups (LGBT people, people with disabilities, people of racial minorities) are often bullied by those not in those groups, and those who have large and vocal power structures behind them(IE popular internet figures or those entrenched in zealous religious or political groups ...
Climate change is one of the greatest human rights challenges of our time. It has enormous consequences for the rights to life, health, housing and food, and will cause widespread displacement. Climate change has a disproportionate impact on certain groups, especially the poor and marginalised groups such as women, children, and the elderly.. Following the important Paris Agreement of 2015, rapid progress on implementing the agreement is critical. Business has an essential role to play on climate change. This includes: reducing emissions (mitigation); taking steps to assist vulnerable people in supply chains and ensuring their needs are taken into account (adaptation); and taking responsible public policy positions - advocating for strong measures by governments, rather than blocking action.. A Presidential Task Force of the International Bar Association has made recommendations on Climate Change Justice and Corporate Responsbility, available here. The UNs Climate Action: Why it Matters to ...
Almost everybody put their hands up. This is why I think this was such an important talk.. She didnt talk about this per se, but contributing to the open source community is hard. No-one talks about it much, but I certainly feel theres a lot of pressure. Because of its very nature, your contributions will be open, to be seen by anyone, to be criticised by anyone. And lets face it, your contributions are never going to be perfect. And the rules of the game arent written down anywhere, so the chance of being ridiculed seem pretty high. Open source may be a benevolent idea, but its damned scary to take part in.. I believe this is why less than 2% of open source contributors are female, compared with more like 25-30% women in software development in general. And, as with impostor syndrome, the same trend is true of other marginalised groups. Its not surprising to me that people who are used to being criticised and discriminated against wouldnt subject themselves to that willingly.. And, as ...
We serve at a small dispensary attached to a Catholic mission which in addition to the clinic also has a parish and an ICSE school. We serve the most poor, backward and marginalised groups in the surrounding community. I use this blog to share about the people whom we serve and care for and our lives ...
We serve at a small dispensary attached to a Catholic mission which in addition to the clinic also has a parish and an ICSE school. We serve the most poor, backward and marginalised groups in the surrounding community. I use this blog to share about the people whom we serve and care for and our lives ...
This role offers a rare opportunity to create high quality, rigorous qualitative research focused on all aspects of diversity, equality and inclusion across both the not-for-profit/charity/public sector and the commercial sector. Helping their clients understand diverse, often marginalised groups in order to drive strategy as well as to improve communications, services and products, there is.... Find out more. Apply for this job. ...
Berners-Lee, who invented the Web in 1989, said AI algorithms needed to ensure they did not discriminate against historically marginalised groups including women and...
WLFS has 105,000 square feet of studio-space, including six stages and office-space. WLFS offers The Hospital Location: the only medical film studios located in the United Kingdom dedicated to providing sets for all things related to medicine.[1] Productions which have used The Hospital Location include Luther (TV series), Silent Witness, Walkers (snack foods) and Topsy and Tim. WLFS is also home to MADE Entertainment [2] which is a charity which creates film, TV & video production projects for marginalised groups. ...
Since English occupation of the Swan Coastal Plain in 1829 Aboriginal people in Western Australia have experienced a process of social, political, legal and spatial marginalisation (Bolton 1981; Carter 2005; Green 1984; Haebich 1992; Hunter 2012). While the most oppressive policies of cultural extermination were in place from the start of the Aborigines Act 1905 until the custodial powers of the State began to reduce in 1964, the effects of marginalisation continue to have repercussions for Aboriginal people and Western Australians. However, both Aboriginal peoples marginalisation and Perths economic growth did not have uniform effects and has presented both possibilities and problems. The focus of planning policies and boom-time economic opportunities flowed to some locations and groups and not others. In this chapter we unsettle Indigenous planning in Greater Metropolitan Perth (henceforth, Perth), in the context of Western Australias most recent resources boom, through a critical appraisal ...
All around the world mental health care tends to get marginalised - and globally Africa always gets marginalised - so the combination of mental health and Africa must be one of the most neglected subj...
Background Indigenous populations tend to have the poorest health outcomes worldwide and they have limited opportunities to present their own perspectives of their situation and shape priorities in research and policy. This study aims to explain low healthcare utilisation rates and opportunities to cope with illness among a deprived indigenous group - based on their own experiences and views.. Methods A participatory poverty and health assessment (PPHA) was conducted among the Paniyas, a previously enslaved tribal population of South India in a Gram Panchayat in Kerala, India in 2008. Purposive sampling was used to select five Paniya colonies, involving 66 households.. Results There were four key findings. First, Paniyas perception that the quality of the public healthcare system is poor leads them to seek suboptimal care or deters them from using services. Second, there are significant costs of care unrelated to service use or purchase of medicines, such as travel costs, which the Paniyas lack ...
This thesis deals with the nutritional value of midmorning snacks for children in the 1st grade of primary school in mainstream and in marginalised locales in Ústí nad Labem and Trmice. The theoretical section focuses on nutrition in general, particularly on nutrition in younger school-aged children, as well as an assessment of nutritional status children and, furthermore, the requirements for the composition of school snacks (selection of foods, nutritional value of those foods). The practical section deals with analyses of school snacks for children in mainstream and in marginalised locales of the statutory cities of Ústí nad Labem and Trmice, students knowledge about healthy nutrition, and their nutritional status. …moreless ...
You can change an orphan childs life from one of hardship and loneliness to one of hope and meaning. You have the opportunity to literally bring the love of God to a child in need.. Each child has one sponsor, someone like you, who exchanges letters, photos, and provides necessities like food, health care, and educational opportunities.. At ICHope, we say that nurturing an orphan child, connecting that child to someone like you in a childs life is the most strategic way to make a difference in the life of an orphan child in need.. Change the life of an orphan child in poverty. With your generous donation of only $58 a month, you can sponsor an orphan child in poverty who will receive:. - Medical care. - Food basket. - Education. - Job skills training. - Mentoring and opportunities for personal development. - You may discontinue your child sponsorship at any time. (We will appreciate it if you inform us within at least 2 months before the cancellation, so we can find another sponsor for that ...
In Queer Wallpaper, Jennifer Doyle highlights the open nature of queer theory to both bring sexuality and desire to the center of our attention and question or experiment with criticism and scholarship in general (347). Doyle references Douglas Crimps assertion that a principle theme of queer criticism is its investment not in the articulation and production of concrete categories of sexuality and gender, but in the very real ways that queer art… can cut across and dismantle the attempt to produce sexual subjects as inevitable members of a type (347). It is in this sense that Monkmans work engages with the ideology of queer critique. Monkman-as-Miss-Chief rearticulates the construction of Indianness with all its gendered and sexually stereotyped connotations. Monkmans drag amounts to more than cross-dressing and the acknowledgment of the performativity present in all cases of gender identification, to reveal the ways in which gender and sexuality were produced and policed in ...
pic] , EUROPEAN COMMISSION ,. Brussels, 5.4.2011. COM(2011) 173 final. COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS. An EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020. 1. IMPROVING THE SITUATION OF ROMA: A SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPERATIVE FOR THE UNION AND ITS MEMBER STATES. Many of the estimated 10-12 million[1] Roma in Europe face prejudice, intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion in their daily lives. They are marginalised and live in very poor socio-economic conditions. This is not acceptable in the European Union (EU) at the beginning of the 21st century.. The EUs Europe 2020 strategy for a new growth path - smart, sustainable and inclusive growth - leaves no room for the persistent economic and social marginalisation of what constitutes Europes largest minority. Determined action, in active dialogue with the Roma, is needed both at national and EU level. ...
Community service learning (CSL), built on collaborative, reciprocal, and diverse disability-community partnerships, is a taken-for-granted pedagogical practice in adapted physical activity. Thus far, the CSL experiences of community members as they support student learning are virtually unknown. The purpose of the study was to understand how community members experienced an undergraduate adapted physical activity CSL course. Using an interpretative phenomenological analysis research approach, 9 adults (2 female, 7 male, mean age 50 years) experiencing disability participated in individual and focus-group interviews. Field notes and artifacts were also gathered. Relational ethics provided a heuristic framework to facilitate the interpretation of the findings. Four themes were crafted: (a) yes, we are willing partners; (b) but . . . were in the dark; (c) subjected to being the subject; and (d) engage through relationships. Although overlooked as valuable collaborative and reciprocal partners, ...
Speaker: Celestine Bassey. The Niger Delta is currently in the vortex of protracted social conflict, as crisis of regime legitimacy, political ostracism, and social marginalization have fueled armed rebellion with incalculable consequences for the stability of the Nigerian state. The current crisis is the result of both bureaucratic infighting under the Olusegun Obasanjo Umaru Yar Adua administrations and the rise of militant youth movements in the region. The military onslaught on the militant camps in the Niger Delta in May, 2009 marked a watershed in the praxis of state response through force. How this dialectics of force and resistance is played out will determine the future of Nigeria in the next decade: failed, collapsed or problem state?. Professor Celestine Bassey attended the Lancaster University where he earned a Bachelor of Arts in Politics in 1980. He subsequently enrolled at the Dalhousie University in Halifax, Canada where he obtained a Master of Arts degree in International ...
Ischemic Heart Disease - Aiding Treatment With Lifestyle & Diet Modification of Patients. Here are a few recommended lifestyle & diet changes
The effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) transformed the pediatric HIV epidemic. The disease changed significantly over the course of three decades: while early in the epidemic it was almost always fatal, it has become a chronic condition. This study examined how perinatally-infected youth experience the impact of HIV in their lives. A qualitative study using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was conducted. Twenty in-depth interviews were carried out among 12 women and 8 men aged 18 to 30 years in Puerto Rico. These were conducted in Spanish, audio-recorded, transcribed and translated into English. While narrating their experiences, participants were interpreting what the situation meant to them and how they make sense of it. Three topics emerged: (1) perception and response to treatment and illness, particularly their lived experiences with ART; (2) disclosure experiences; and (3) family matters. Most participants challenged their therapy, in most cases to force their caregivers
Psychotic symptoms are a common nonmotor complication in Parkinsons disease. Research exploring the impact of psychotic symptoms on coping by caregivers of people with Parkinsons disease is sparse. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of individuals living with a partner with Parkinsons disease and psychotic symptoms. Ten female caregivers from the north west of England were interviewed and interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to identify themes within their accounts. Four themes emerged from the analysis: uncertainty and the search for understanding; adapting to symptoms over time; the contribution of psychosis to changing identities; and the use of social comparison as a coping strategy. These themes highlighted the changing identity of their partner as a person with Parkinsons disease and a number of strategies that caregivers had developed to cope with psychotic symptoms. The themes are explored in detail and clinical implications are considered.. ...
Background A health service in an English city was concerned about its support to families with adults with intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviour. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven minority ethnic and seven majority ethnic family members to explore perceptions of challenging behaviour, support and the impact of the person on the family. These were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Results Four themes emerged: (i) A broad range of difficulties with the adult with intellectual disabilities. (ii) Varied relationships with local communities in acceptance and support. (iii) Varied but largely negative relationships with services. (iv) Varied relationships with the person with intellectual disabilities, from highly dependent relationships with negative consequences to more fulfilling relationships. Families from minority ethnic communities were more likely to report negative experiences. Conclusions Challenging behaviour services need ...
The focus of this research was the lived experience of self-identified Pasifika students; exploring their ethnic identity and experience of psychotherapy training. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was used to analyse data derived from semi-structured in- depth interviews with three participants; each engaged in psychotherapy training at a tertiary institute in Aotearoa, New Zealand. This research provided an avenue for Pasifika psychotherapy students to share their stories and be seen and truly heard in a way they may never have felt before.
Seabrook, Marianne (2017) Exploring medically unexplained symptoms with GPs and counselling psychologists : a Foucauldian Discourse Analysis. Doctoral thesis, London Metropolitan University. Semlyen, Joanna, Ali, Atif and Flowers, Paul (2017) Intersectional identities and dilemmas in interactions with healthcare professionals: an interpretative phenomenological analysis of British Muslim gay men. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 20 (9). pp. 1023-1035. ISSN 1464-5351 Sharp-Jeffs, Nicola, Kelly, Liz and Klein, Renate (2017) Long journeys toward freedom: the relationship between coercive control and space for action - measurement and emerging evidence. Violence Against Women, 24 (2). pp. 163-185. ISSN 1552-8448 Shoolman, Harrvey (2017) Book review : Enlightened common sense: the philosophy of critical realism. Journal of Critical Realism, 16 (4). pp. 416-423. ISSN 1476-7430 Smallwood, Susannah (2017) Understanding the role of stigma in womens help-seeking behaviours for postpartum emotional ...
Deborah Rodriguez started her part-time doctoral studies within the Psychology Department at Middlesex University in October 2012. Her research explores changes in attachment behaviours across the transition to second-time parenthood in both partners of heterosexual couples, and examines the meaning that this experience has on the couples in understanding changes to their sense of self, to their relationship, and to their relationship networks in relation to their respective attachment behaviours. This longitudinal and prospective study uses multiple methods (psychosocial method, visual methods and participant diaries), generating multidimensional material, and the data is analysed using pluralistic qualitative mixed methods (e.g. narrative analysis, interpretative phenomenological analysis and a psychosocial analysis). She is currently collecting and analysing the data of the first phase of the research.. Deborahs doctoral research draws and builds upon her undergraduate qualitative ...
Complaints and complaining in counselling and psychotherapy have been largely ignored in the research literature. The research in this thesis used various methods to address different but related questions within this area. An in-depth analysis of the documentary archive of complaints made to the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) was undertaken. Descriptive statistics were compiled relating to the Associations Professional Conduct Procedure and Article 4.6 procedure. Thematic analysis was used to examine allegations in complaints letters and the resulting categories were then used to produce descriptive statistics. An online questionnaire was developed to explore the reasons why clients do not bring formal complaints in cases where they have experienced poor or harmful therapy. Finally, in-depth semi-structured interviews were undertaken and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis to explore these themes in more detail. The findings show that BACP has ...
Background: Leadership is vital to clinical, organizational, and professional success. This has compelled a high volume of research primarily related to formal leadership concepts. However, as organizations flatten, eliminate departmental structures, or decentralize leadership structures the relevance of informal leaders has markedly enhanced. Methods: Using a qualitative phenomenological methodology consistent with interpretative phenomenological analysis, this study examines the impact of informal leadership in the clinical setting for occupational therapists. Data was collected through the completion of semi-structured interviews with 10 peer-identified informal occupational therapy leaders in Ontario, Canada. Collected data was transcribed verbatim and coded for themes by multiple coders. Several methods were employed to support trustworthiness. Results: The results identify that informal leaders are collaborative, accessible, and -considered the
In Classical Arabic terminology, female slaves were generally called jawāri (Arabic: جَوار‎, s. jāriya Arabic: جارِية‎). Slave-girls specifically might be called imā (Arabic: اِماء‎, s. ama Arabic: اَمة‎), while female slaves who had been trained as entertainers or courtesans were usually called qiyān (Arabic: قِيان‎, IPA /qijaːn/; singular qayna, Arabic: قَينة‎, IPA /qaina/).[45] They included sometimes highly trained entertainers known as qiyan who enjoyed special privileges and status. Women in the Ottoman Empire were treated very similarly to those in Morocco and the Barbary States. Women were put into a subservient category because of their putative physical and moral weaknesses, which rendered them subject to men (Zilfi 16). This was mostly because of decontextualized scriptural snippets from the Quran, which played an important role in authorizing womens social marginalization (Zilfi 16). Islamic law is primarily based on the ...
Looking for online definition of marginality in the Medical Dictionary? marginality explanation free. What is marginality? Meaning of marginality medical term. What does marginality mean?
At the IV South Africa AIDS Conference, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit (RHRU) of University of Witwatersrand, the Southern African HIV Clinicians Society, and Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) called upon government to urgently implement expanded roles for health care workers in the delivery of comprehensive HIV/AIDS services through task-shifting, in order to achieve the treatment targets set forth in the South African National Strategic Plan (NSP) for HIV/AIDS 2007-2011. The NSP calls for decentralisation of comprehensive HIV/AIDS services to the primary health care level, a larger role for nurses in the provision of life-saving antiretroviral therapy (ART), and ART coverage for 80% of people in urgent clinical need. At the close of the AIDS conference taking place in Durban, there were 999 days until the NSP targets are supposed to be met. The NSP recommends professional nurses initiate and manage ART for adults and children (now the domain of ...
On 9 - 10 November 2012, the Treatment Action Campaign (TAC), SECTION27 and the Medicines Patent Pool (MPP) brought together global treatment activists to discuss guiding principles and access maximising provisions for terms and conditions that should be sought in the licenses negotiated by the MPP and others. By reaching civil society consensus on a number of key issues and setting terms and conditions to be sought in licenses, civil society will have a tool to campaign around, as well as to assess future licenses negotiated by the MPP as well as other voluntary licenses negotiated by pharmaceutical companies.. During the meeting, CSOs reached consensus on the following key issues covered in voluntary licenses: ...
New Mobile Service Provides Low-Cost HUMAN Rights Information to Non-Nationals Living in South Africa Lawyers for Human Rights (LHR) supported by Praekelt Foundation and the Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration from the United States are preparing to launch a new, first-of-its-kind, mobile information service for non-nationals living in South Africa called [email protected] The ongoing xenophobia against non-nationals living in South Africa is a huge concern to LHR, such that they continue to provide free legal services to vulnerable and marginalised groups affected by xenophobia. In doing so, they work with both non-national and South African groups who are victims of not only xenophobia but also unlawful violations of their constitutional rights.. [email protected] is a new, important and necessary mobile information service. Which will provide non-nationals with a way to stay informed about their legal rights in South Africa and also provide a platform to report any issues they may be ...
There is a lack of research reporting on the physical and emotional experiences of women who sustain severe perineal trauma (third and fourth degree tears). When the researcher identifies with the group being researched, autoethnography can allow an insight into the experiences of the marginalised group through the telling of a personal story. The aim of this paper is to share the journey travelled by an autoethnographer who on examining the issue of severe perineal trauma came to understand the challenges and rewards she experienced through this reflective and analytic process. A transformative emancipatory approach guided the design, data collection and analysis of findings from this study. For this paper, a multivocal narrative approach was taken in presenting the findings, which incorporated the words of both the autoethnographer and the twelve women who were interviewed as a component of the study, all of whom had sustained severe perineal trauma. As an autoethnographer, being a member of the group
In this chapter, we present a critical engagement with the methodology that each research team presenting a case study in this book from England, Arab Israel, Northern Ireland, Trinidad and Tobago and the United States adopted.. Education is a cultural project that consists of history, narrative and faith. The Black, Asian Minority Ethnicity (BAME) and senior leaders representing marginalised groups that we talked to in this research all stated that their faith, and religion was central to their service as an educational leader. The faiths represented in our research are Islam, Christianity, Sikhism and no faith where a humanitarian approach is taken. The chapter presents the scientific significance of what values underpin these leaders behaviours, and to understand how their values align with legislation, education policy and the values found in Education Governance Systems.. A constructivist comparative analysis approach was adopted to address four research questions. First, how do the ...
This dissertation is based on two research projects, both of which are linked to concepts such as exclusion, marginalisation and other related themes. CASE, the project that forms the principal basis for the dissertation, is a comparative study of social exclusion in seven European countries whose objective has been to illuminate those situations in peoples lives that involve difficulties and that may or may not have been resolved satisfactorily. The other project, MAX, is a Swedish study of drug abuse and marginalisation whose objective has inter alia been to illustrate the ways in which drug users in different life-situations perceive and interpret these situations. Using material from these two projects, the dissertations overall objective involves improving our understanding of marginalisation by adding to the existing knowledge of living conditions among the more impoverished and vulnerable members of the welfare society, with the focus being directed at their experiences of ...
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About the Contributors. Acknowledgements.. PART I Getting Started.. 1 Introduction (Andrew R. Thompson and David Harper).. 2 Identifying and Synthesizing Qualitative Literature (Rachel L. Shaw).. 3 Ethical Issues in Qualitative Mental Health Research (Andrew R. Thompson and Eleni Chambers).. 4 Participation and Service User Involvement (Alison Faulkner).. 5 Qualitative Data Collection: Asking the Right Questions (Hannah Frith and Kate Gleeson).. 6 Qualitative Methods for Studying Psychotherapy Change Processes (Robert Elliott).. 7 Choosing a Qualitative Research Method (David Harper).. PART II Methods.. 8 Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis in Mental Health and Psychotherapy Research (Michael Larkin and Andrew R. Thompson).. 9 Existentialist-Informed Hermeneutic Phenomenology (Carla Willig and Abigail Billin).. 10 Grounded Theory Methods for Mental Health Practitioners (Alison Tweed and Kathy Charmaz).. 11 Discourse Analysis (Eugenie Georgaca and Evrinomy Avdi).. 12 Narrative Psychology ...
This thesis describes a series of studies investigating the experiences of parents whose child with an intellectual disability has died. Parental bereavement research has identified a range of symptoms exhibited in grief, and acknowledged that circumstances surrounding the loss may have an impact on symptoms exhibited. Little is known about the circumstances surrounding the death of a child with an intellectual disability. An extensive review of the literature (Chapter 2) uncovered a small number of qualitative studies with such an experience as their focus. Reports of disenfranchised grief, unsatisfactory healthcare, variations in coping strategies, and positive reflections characterised parents accounts. The aim of the thesis was to use mixed methods to investigate the variety of parental experience when a child with an intellectual disability dies. In Study 1 (Chapter 3) Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to inspect nine mothers accounts of the parenting and bereavement ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Stakeholder Perspectives on the Use of Community Health Workers To Improve Palliative Care Use by African Americans with Cancer. AU - Johnston, Fabian. AU - Neiman, Joseph H.. AU - Parmley, Lauren E.. AU - Conca-Cheng, Alison. AU - Freund, Karen M.. AU - Concannon, Thomas W.. AU - Smith, Thomas J. AU - Cooper, Lisa A. PY - 2019/3/1. Y1 - 2019/3/1. N2 - BACKGROUND: African Americans in the United States have worse end-of-life care and cancer outcomes than whites. Palliative care may improve this disparity. Community Health Workers may provide a means to improve palliative care disparities. METHODS: Semistructured in-depth interviews (five) and stakeholder focus groups (four) were conducted with cancer patients, caregivers, health care administrators, oncologists, and community health workers (CHWs). Patients were recruited through snowball sampling. Three raters coded interviews independently. Data were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. RESULTS: Seventy-one ...
The Research Methods modules (part 1 & 2) will introduce students to an enhanced range of research methods and underpinning philosophical approaches to research. They will aim to explain epistemological and ontological considerations in research design and methodology, and address key developments in the philosophy of science, from positivism and relativism to critical realism and post-modernism. It will also introduce students to a broad range of research methods within both quantitative and qualitative paradigms. For example, qualitative research designs in healthcare research now span a wide variety of methods such as discourse analysis, conversational analysis, interpretive phenomenological analysis, auto ethnography and oral histories. Documentary research methods, including content analysis are also increasingly widely used in healthcare research. Contemporary and novel research methods across a wide spectrum of healthcare research will be addressed, including participatory theatre and ...
Background: Allogeneic Haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) is a potentially curative treatment for haematological cancers however it is a particularly aggressive treatment that can impact individuals quality of life (QOL) in multiple ways. Due to the toxicity of the transplant, adults aged over fifty years have only recently become eligible for this treatment following the development of a reduced intensity regimen. As a result, little is known regarding the experience of QOL among recipients aged over fifty years. QOL information is an essential part of assessing the success of medical treatments and can help prepare recipients for any ways in which their lives and those of their families may be impacted post-transplant. Method Potential participants were recruited through the Beatson West of Scotland Cancer Centre (BWSCC) and a purposive sample of eight participants volunteered to take part in the study. A qualitative approach, Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used to ...
A systematic review and meta-synthesis of the impact of low back pain on peoples lives. / Froud, Robert; Patterson, Sue; Eldridge, Sandra; Seale, Clive; Pincus, Tamar; Rajendran, Dévan; Fossum, Christian; Underwood, Martin.. In: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders , Vol. 15, 2014, p. 50.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
Nearly 15 million children between 5-14 years old are out of school in MENA, and 10 million are in school but at risk of dropping out due to poverty and social marginalization, as well as migration, displacement and conflict. This brief provides key messages and actions for governments, WFP offices and partners to strengthen linkages between school feeding programmes and social protection to maximize the benefits of National School Feeding Programmes (NSFPs) as safety nets in the region ...
Their uniting feature, however, is that both groups, however much state intervention they seem to desire, want to achieve their authoritarian impulse via social dominance. They want to change the culture so that that which they deem unthinkable is what everyone deems unthinkable, and thats an authoritarian impulse. They want call-outs. They want social shaming, sometimes on grand scales. They want serious real-world consequences, like no-platforming, blacklisting, firings, individual marginalization (to be distinguished from the marginalization of ideas), and perhaps even vigilante retributions (which may not actually include physical violence) in response to perceived deviations, often vastly in excess of any reasonable definition of justice. They want punishment, and they want to make examples of offenders. Thats an authoritarian impulse. Whether the state acts upon it or not, the mob, or as they would have it, the prevailing culture, can act just as (or more) effectively and with equal ...
In this thesis I analyze, with the help of social epidemiological theories, childhood risk factors behind suicidal behavior in adolescence and young adulthood. The data comes mainly from the Swedish Stockholm Birth Cohort Study (SBC) consisting of 15,117 participants. A total of four separate studies are included.. The first study is restricted to boys born in 1953. By analyzing data from different registers and questions from a survey conducted when they were 12-13 years old it is shown that those who spent most of their time alone, had been absent from school even though they were not ill or grew up in a family which received means-tested benefits at least once during their childhood had a higher risk of taking their own lives. The second study includes the same boys, but suicidal behavior is extended to also encompass suicide attempts and is analyzed in parallel with interpersonal violence. The results show that these different behaviors can be similarly explained by shortcomings in social ...
A queer archaeology is often equated to looking for ancient homosexuality. As a challenge to heteronormative practice, queer theory, instead, provides a framework for engaging with all aspects of iden
The Monster Study was a stuttering experiment on 22 orphan children in Davenport, Iowa, in 1939 conducted by Wendell Johnson at the University of Iowa. Johnson chose one of his graduate students, Mary Tudor, to conduct the experiment and he supervised her research. After placing the children in control and experimental groups, Tudor gave positive speech therapy to half of the children, praising the fluency of their speech, and negative speech therapy to the other half, belittling the children for every speech imperfection and telling them they were stutterers. Many of the normal speaking orphan children who received negative therapy in the experiment suffered negative psychological effects and some retained speech problems during the course of their life. Dubbed The Monster Study by some of Johnsons peers who were horrified that he would experiment on orphan children to prove a theory, the experiment was kept hidden for fear Johnsons reputation would be tarnished in the wake of human ...
It is widely accepted that mobile and outreach NSP services are an effective way of facilitating access by marginalised or hard-to-reach groups, and numbers of the stakeholders consulted during this study saw such methods as an important way of improving Indigenous IDUs use of services. In Adelaide the Nunkuwarrin Yunti medical service has for some years operated a daily outreach service targeting homeless and other disadvantaged Indigenous IDUs in the inner city, as well as a fixed site service. At Redfern in inner Sydney - which is unusual in being both a centre of Aboriginal population and an area known for high rates of illegal drug use - REPIDU similarly offers both a fixed site and an outreach service. The mobile NSP service operated in Perth by the WA AIDS Council reaches groups of Indigenous IDUs at some of the suburban locations it visits. In the Riverland in South Australia an NSP service has been incorporated into a mobile primary health service ...
ABSTRACT. Health promotion is a multifaceted activity. Women and children are particularly vulnerable regarding access to quality health care, with young African women reportedly the poorest and most economically marginalised and least educated sector in South Africa. Understanding the context within which a person lives is an essential component in the health educators teaching strategy. Understanding urban black womens health care practices will enable health promoters to develop interventions that are successful. The problem investigated was to gain an understanding of the health care practices of urban black women that could influence health promotion activities. The design was qualitative exploratory. The respondents were women living in an urban township in Tshwane, South Africa. The sampling method was convenient and purposive and the sample size was determined by saturation of the data. Data was gathered through semi-structured interviews using six specific themes and the analysed ...
Global policy on HIV prevention among marginalised populations recommends a community-based approach with participation and mobilisation as central features. The overall aim is to empower individuals and groups to reduce their vulnerability to HIV. Community empowerment initiatives have had mixed re …
Background Many young people, particularly those who are marginalised and most at risk for HIV and reproductive health-related problems, cannot or will not seek traditional facility-based health services. Policies and programs are being implemented to provide them with these health services in the community. We sought to systematically review the effectiveness of such community-based HIV and reproductive health service policies and programs delivered via outreach on increasing health service utilisation among adolescents and young adults (ie, among 10-24 year olds).. ...
Ada joined the School of Health Sciences in 2014. She has held previous positions as a lecturer and researcher in Higher Education, and as a clinical studies officer with the National Institute of Health Research. She is a sociologist and registered mental health nurse, with experience of teaching and convening undergraduate and postgraduate curriculums.. Ada specialises in working with marginalised communities. Her research focuses on restrictive practices in forensic psychiatry, emotion work and organisational culture.. Ada was awarded the prestigious national Mary Seacole Leadership Award 2016/2017, in recognition of her research towards improving the care and outcomes of people who use mental health services. Funding from this award is being used to study The Lived Experiences of Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) patients within a High Security Hospital.. ...
Part of the answer lies in the patterns of inequality - of gender and race as well as class - that have characterised some state-organised public health systems, including in colonial and post-colonial contexts. Medical officers in South Africa in the 1930s, for example, blurred the association between mine dust and silicosis by pretending there were two distinct diseases: simple silicosis, a white disease and silico-tuberculosis, a black disease (McCulloch, 2012). But how was capital able to pre-empt the class critique of the welfare state and to commodify the space of reform? One can blame the hegemony of neo-liberal globalisation but that only restates the problem. Another part of the answer must be that working class-based labour movements have often defined very narrowly the terrain of political struggles around health inequality. They have focused on the wage-demands, occupational health and medical coverage of their members, but marginalised the health concerns of non-unionised casual ...
Hundreds of Pakistani Hazara women are learning how to deliver side kicks and elbow blows as martial arts booms within the marginalised community.
There is evidence that STIs may enhance both the transmission and acquisition of HIV infection, and that improved control of STIs may slow down HIV transmission.3 The prevention and control of STIs is not an easy task. Epidemiological patterns of STIs vary geographically and are influenced by cultural, political, economical and social forces. Many affected by STIs are in marginalised vulnerable groups. The asymptomatic nature of some STIs remains a challenge to healthcare providers in areas of the world where laboratory screening tests are unaffordable.. The World Health Organizations Global Strategy for the prevention and control of sexually transmitted infections: 2006-2015 was presented to Member States at the 59th World Health Assembly in May 2006. The World Health Assembly endorsed the Global Strategy and urged member states to adopt and draw on … ...
On Thursday 19th March we made the very sad decision to stop providing Adult Social Care Placements for a period of approximately 12 weeks both on our Snakehall Farm Site and within our Ely Shop, Unwrapped. We responded to the current Government advice that people with learning disabilities are in the AT RISK category and should social distance.. Our core reason for swinging open our gates back in 1989 and setting up our new shop in 2019 was to open up the world to people most often marginalised. In March 2020 The Prospects Trust lost its heart and its smiles as we said goodbye to our Co-workers for four months. But we have dug and we have grown and we will sow again with our much missed Co-worker team. Our shops have continued to trade and our fields are ready to be harvested by our Co-workers and our shelves will be stocked with their produce once more.. For 30 years we have proudly worked shoulder to shoulder with people with additional needs. For the past few months we have worked tirelessly ...
David Turnbull reviews Singsings, Sutures & Sorcery: A 50 year Experience in Papua New Guinea and profiles author Anthony Radford.. When embarking on a short-term medical placement one would not have expected to be part of a surgical team amputating a forearm of a burns victim within half an hour of arriving at the hospital. However, this was the reality for Anthony Radford when he travelled from South Australia to the Land of the Unexpected in 1959. (Radford, 2012, 9). Little did he know that the initial move out of his comfort zone would take him on an amazing global journey with God as a doctor and medical academic The narrative of this journey provides a way to encourage and inspire people to make themselves available to use their God-given gifts in the marketplaces, beyond the church into wider society. As Christianity becomes more marginalised in Australia, the challenge of the 21st century for the proclamation of the good news of Jesus Christ can be overwhelming for Gods people. ...
Last weeks shocking announcement by Statistics South Africa that the nations gold production had hit a 90-year low was met with token media coverage and surprisingly, hardly any outrage from labour unions, civil society or indeed the countrys population at large … The legacy of hatred and bitterness incited by the Anglo-Boer war and its cruel aftermath stimulated a toxic and destructive Afrikaner nationalism that eventually took hold of the country, with repercussions lasting almost a century. Throughout this period, gold provided an underpin to the nations economy. It contributed handsomely to tax coffers and generated valuable foreign revenue. What followed was spectacular wealth for a few and employment for thousands of desperate, marginalised people under despicable conditions at a very low wage. - Daily Maverick. Dominant Social Theme: Everything is still okay. Once apartheid died, the future became bright in both Zimbabwe and South Africa.. Free-Market Analysis: We never believed ...
By Binsal Abdulkader ABU DHABI, 18th November 2019, (WAM) -- Although many impressive results have been achieved in controlling Neglected Tropical Diseases, NTDs, affecting more than 1 billion people in 149 countries, the world is still going to miss some further targets in this regard, according to a top official. NTDs [a diverse group of communicable diseases such as dengue, rabies, and leprosy etc.] mostly affect the poorest and most marginalised communities of the world, causing immense suffering, but we are making progress towards the...
The Greens did well in a few countries, notably France and Germany, while they remain irrelevant in others, especially in Southern and Eastern Europe (see Figure 2). Consequently, while these patterns might induce some optimism about the future of the EU, they in fact underline the forging of old and new political divides that polarise Europeans. And these divides split electorates within countries as much as across them.. The new power of old divides A major old divide that seems to be regaining importance is the urban-rural cleavage. This is best exemplified by voters of radical right parties that tend to concentrate in rural areas. The urban-rural divide in fact seems to combine a number of social and economic conditions, essentially class and education, while also reflecting residential choices and the socio-economic relegation of lower-class voters.. As a result, the spatial divide is also a political one echoing unequal economic opportunity: voters of the radical right feel marginalised ...
3. (a) The internet has historically allowed much greater freedom both from and to your various identities. It is possible to come out on-line when youre in the off-line closet, it is also possible to interact on-line without other people being aware of your physical appearance, gender, sexuality, disability status, race, religion etc.. This is a very good thing. It creates an environment where others are forced to be more open-minded in their response to you than they otherwise would be. It also allows us to explore identities and talk about experiences when it would be impossible to do this with our nearest and dearest looking on. Its not about pretending to be someone else. Using a pseudonym on-line is like going to a different part of town. This is especially important for young people who find themselves marginalised, isolated and bullied - without pseudonyms, their bullies can follow them everywhere ...
This paper considers Shakespeares representation of the north of England in his second tetralogy of history plays. In this study, I argue that the plays are not only a representation of the past, but an expression of the political, cultural and geographical divisions within England in the era of their production. Drawing on contemporary reports from the region, official papers, ballads and various modern histories of the age, I will suggest that there exists a direct correlation between Shakespeares representation of the region and the concept of the north as the alien element within Elizabethan England. Reading the plays as explorations of the development of England from feudalism to a centralised nation state, I discuss the manner in which Shakespeares second tetralogy exposes the contradictions behind the concept of a united and stable England. Central to my argument is the notion that to be marginalised (in the latter decades of the sixteenth century) was not only a matter of social status or
For someone with this background it amazes me how poorly understood Sri Lanka is by journalists and politicians alike. This came home to me in a posting yesterday by BBC correspondent Nick Robinson. What is telling is that in the stories he reported he clearly did not know that there are at least two main Tamil communities in Sri Lanka - those from the north, around Jaffna who have lived there for over 2000 years - and who for much of that time have been marginalised by the majority Sinhala community. So the conflict, in historical terms is not new. Nor is the ongoing injustice. The other Tamil community are more recent arrivals to the areas around Kandy brought in from India by the British as labour in the tea plantations. These different histories create different interests and experiences. If you read Robinsons post the issues become more apparent ...
Broadly speaking it came to be considered as heretic, or opposed to Christianity.. In Spain, in particular, witches formed groups, called covens, in many provinces. The most famous of these were in the Alpujarras.. In Andalucia, traditional witchcraft was not as culturally dominant as other crafts such as curanderos - or healers, as well as sabios - wise men, or shamen.. Andalucians believed that they could cure people and animals of illness, predict the future and improve crop growth.. Curanderos are still often sought around the region for a variety of illnesses and health complaints, while witches still have negative connotations associated with them.. Through Spanish history, it was women marginalised by Spanish communities, particularly gypsies, who were accused of having an ojo de malo - or evil eye.. Any of these women could supposedly curse someone just by looking at them.. When it comes to pointy hats, it was actually the Christian church in the UK that led to witches wearing ...
Since the medical introduction of cocaine in the 1880s, several epidemics of use have been described. It has been proposed that such extensive use was due to a belief in the relative safety of the use of cocaine in conjunction with its wide availability. A second wave of widespread cocaine use occurred in the USA during the mid 1980s and included abuse of the newly introduced crack cocaine which was the drug of choice for poor, marginalised African American youth. Crack was freely available, affordable and produced intense euphoria in the user. However, due to the short half-life of the drug and rebound dysphoria following abstinence, some heavy users experienced a severe dependence syndrome. The psychosocial impact of the United States (US) cocaine epidemic became increasingly clear ...
This working paper examines how civil society organisations (CSOs) -- particularly those representing poor and marginalised rural people -- can inform and influence the processes of agricultural policy formulation and implementation. We summarise the role of different interest groups in shaping pro-poor agricultural development and explain how poor people can gain voice to express their views and shape policy processes in a meaningful way.
2012 is the centenary of the African National Congress (ANC). The party that started out as a small coterie of black businessmen, lawyers and chiefs is today the dominant political formation in South Africa. It was founded by the black elite who were marginalised by the united South Africa formed in 1910, and who appeared at its Bloemfontein inauguration formally dressed in suits, frock coats, top hats and carrying umbrellas .[1] Today it is allied via the Tripartite Alliance to the SA Communist Party (SACP) and the Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu). Can the ANC be a vehicle for fundamental, progressive, social change in the interests of the black, Coloured and Indian working classes (proletariat), still mired in the legacy of apartheid and racial domination? This is what Cosatu (and the SACP) suggest. An Anarchist/Syndicalist Analysis of the ANC, the Post-Apartheid Elite Pact and the Political Implications Anarkismo.net is an anarchist publishing project composed of groups who agree
Auckland is alleged to be a culturally alien place due to the much higher proportion of non-Māori and nonwhite populations than the rest of the country. Percentage-wise, Auckland has the seventh largest ethnic Chinese population among all urban areas outside Greater China.[8] In the 2006 census, Asians comprised 18.9% of Aucklands population but only 7.9% in Christchurch, and 14.4% of Aucklands but merely 2.8% of Christchurchs population are Pacific Islanders. Most new immigrants to Auckland are from East Asia and South Asia, while people immigrating to other parts of the country show higher percentage rates of UK and South African origins.[9] Auckland is finding itself increasingly marginalised on sports traditionally identified with New Zealand culture, such as rugby and netball, because of high immigrant numbers from countries with little tradition of such sports.[10] ...
Instead of focusing on trophic levels, they advocate greater support for feed source transparency policies and participation in voluntary certification schemes, such as those run by the Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC).. Effective aquaculture policy needs to avoid overly simplistic sustainability indicators such as trophic level. Instead, employing empirically derived metrics based on the specific farmed properties of species groups, management techniques and advances in feed formulation will be crucial for achieving truly sustainable options for farmed seafood, they stress.. They also warn of the dangers of seeking efficient production as the sole goal of aquaculture.. A world focused solely on efficiency of aquatic food - a world of aquatic chicken - would favour globalised, vertically integrated seafood supply chains that would likely limit market access for marginalised communities and reduce the diversity of farmed products to a few key commodities. Thus, efficiency gains in one ...