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As noted in two recent theoretical reviews,[16] the theoretical basis for the inclusion of self-identity in the theories of reasoned action and planned behavior has many similarities to social identity theory [17] and its extension, self-categorization theory.[18] According to social identity theory, an important component of the self-concept is derived from memberships in social groups and categories. When people define and evaluate themselves in terms of a self-inclusive social category (e.g., sex, class, team) two processes come into play: (1) categorization, which perceptually accentuates differences between the in-group and out-group, and similarities among in-group members (including the self) on stereotypical dimensions; and (2) self-enhancement which, because the self-concept is defined in terms of group membership, seeks behaviorally and perceptually to favor the in-group over the out-group. Social identities are cognitively represented as group prototypes that describe and prescribe ...
The results support our hypothesis that peer crowd is independently associated with use of a variety of tobacco products in bar-going young adults independent of race and ethnicity and other demographic variables. These findings are consistent with past research on youth peer crowds, which indicated that peer crowd identification was correlated with smoking and other risk behaviours.27 Our findings suggest that peer crowds indeed symbolise different social categories and that these diverse groups have unique health and risk behaviour norms. Pairwise comparisons indicated that there were significant differences between peer crowds for each of the five tobacco products and for use of any product. Overall, the Hip Hop group appears to have the highest use rates compared to most of the other peer crowds. Hipsters were also more likely to use e-cigarettes than Young Professionals and Homebodies and exhibited higher cigar use compared to Young Professionals.. The two logistic regression analyses built ...
Psychology Researchers Examine Social Identity Threat… Published: November 15, 2017.Released by Penn State When people feel targeted because of their religious identity, they can experience a psychological threat that may undermine psychological well-being and increase prejudice toward other groups, according to a new study by Penn State psychologists. The findings, […]
In this chapter we will present three different contexts of intergroup relations that offer a fertile ground for the application of Social Identity Theory in the Canadian context. The first context is
This article represents a preliminary attempt to answer these and related questions, and thereby to comprehend on a deeper level the interactive constitutive relationship between law and social identity. Legal institutions, sociolegal research has shown, play a role in the constitution of social identities. But social identity itself is the consequence of a complex arrangement of sociological, social, and cognitive psychological phenomena. Hence, a deeper and more complete understanding of laws constitutive influence requires bridging advances in sociolegal studies to research in these related fields. To that end, Part II, just below, relates the processes of legal categorization to human cognitive categorization of the social world, suggesting that the categorization of persons that results from law should be associated with, and indeed be conceptualized as partially derivative of, social cognitive categorization. Part III then considers the essential nature of social categories, drawing an analogy
1 Running head: TWO-PLAYER GAME Two-Player Game: Playing Casual Video Games with Outgroup Members Reduces Levels of Prejudice Towards that Outgroup Chris Stiff and Tom Bowen Keele University Author note
This PhD study adapts the DeLone and McLean model of information systems success to the case of national IdMS, using a qualitative case study research approach. Empirical data were gathered in Ghana through a combination of quasi-statistical survey and problem structuring methodology. The study shows that effective IdMS depend on efficient civil registration systems, user involvement and institutional cooperation. Policy makers must ensure the attainment of a sufficient level of trust, where privacy concern is low and trust is high enough to encourage institutional cooperation and support secondary uses of personal information. The study contributes to the identity management literature by enriching our current understanding of the key factors that affect successful implementation of national identity management systems, and also provides guidelines for developers and policy makers for establishing a trusted identity ecosystem ...
This paper explores the intersections between national identity and the production of medical/population genomics in Mexico. The ongoing efforts to construct a Haplotype Map of Mexican genetic diversi
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Get this from a library! The past as history : national identity and historical consciousness in Modern Europe. [Stefan Berger; Christoph Conrad] -- The book provides a synthesis of the development of the genre of national history writing in Europe. In particular it seeks to illuminate the relationship between history writing and the ...
Mexico is ethnically diverse; with people of several ethnicities being united under a single national identity.[243] The core part of Mexican national identity is formed on the basis of a synthesis of cultures, primarily European culture and indigenous cultures, in a process known as mestizaje.[243][244] Mexican politicians and reformers such as José Vasconcelos (promoter of the cosmic race) and Manuel Gamio (promoter of indigenismo) were instrumental in building a Mexican national identity on the concept of mestizaje.[245]. The large majority of Mexicans have historically been classified as "Mestizos". In modern Mexican usage, the term mestizo is primarily a cultural identity rather than the racial identity it was during the colonial era, resulting in individuals with varying phenotypes being classified under the same identity, regardless of wheter they are of mixed ancestry or not.[246] Since the term carries a variety of different socio-cultural, economic, racial and biological meanings, it ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! We study the role of social identity in determining the impact of social fragmentation on public good provision using laboratory experiments. We find that as long as there is some degree of social fragmentation, increasing it leads to lower public good provision by majority group members. This is mainly because the share of those in the majority group who contribute fully to the public good diminishes with social fragmentation, while the share of free-riders is unchanged. This suggests social identity preferences drive our result, as opposed to self-interest. Importantly, we find no difference in contribution between homogeneous and maximally-fragmented treatments, reinforcing our finding that majority groups contribute most in the presence of some diversity.
Measures of athletic identity and sport orientation, developed from self-schema theory, social role theory, and achievement motivation theory, were used to examine international adolescent swimmers with disabilities. The multidimensional Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (Brewer, Van Raalte, & Linder, 1993) was used to assess self-identity, social identity, exclusivity, and negative affectivity. The Sport Orientation Questionnaire (Gill & Deeter, 1988) measured competitiveness, win orientation, and goal orientation. Swimmers reported (a) a strong self-identity, (b) a moderate to strong social identity, (c) negative affectivity with lower levels of exclusivity, (d) strong competitiveness and goal orientation, and (e) moderate win orientation. Self-identity was correlated with competitiveness, suggesting that swimmers did not simply report an identification with an athletic role; they also reported a strong desire to attain competitive goals. Additionally, exclusivity was associated with ...
Ilka Gleibs explains how the money-happiness link is variable and highly context-dependent. Outlining the results of two studies, she shows that both money (individual income) and community (social capital) can be the basis for individual happiness, and that the relative influence of each factor depends on the context. She argues that strong social relations are much more consistent in providing us […]. ...
Looking at the paper, youd think we were in crisis. Or two. Or three.. Were currently dealing with a political crisis, an immigration crisis, a financial crisis. Seriously? The only true crisis I can see is our national identity crisis.. Our national identity has slipped from the grip of its citizens and into the hands of the media. Sure, the Aussie public were the ones who laid the foundations of a hardworking, sports-loving, beach-going nation of battlers (and then relaxed with a cold can of VB), but theyve long since evolved.. Unfortunately, those of us in the media havent. And its enough to make a Jim Beam Racing Team fan spit out his Monster Energy in disgust.. Weve perpetuated the myth of Australian stereotypes long beyond their expiry date. Portraying ourselves as hardworking is a bit rich considering we barely lift a finger to update our crusty old national identity.. Are we really a nation of sports lovers? Its debatable at best.. Around 50% of Australians are literally weighed ...
As Thomas sees it, that history only feeds "our never-ending racial double standard." As a result, "Certain behaviors and language are tolerated, while others are not. Some people can get away with language that others cannot." Against this, he argues, "What is needed is one standard. One national identity. One America." A noble goal, but not as easily realized as Thomas probably thinks. Double standards are a complication of the pluralism Americans welcome as intrinsic to their national identity as "a nation of nations." Against pluralism stands nativism and populism, the identification of the nation with one particular nation or culture. A pluralist nation can only reach the point of "one national identity" through fitful evolution; some perceived double standards are kinks being worked out in the process. Nativism offers a simpler, quick-fix alternative: all newcomers should conform to the founding culture, which for Thomas is Anglo-American Christendom. For his ancestors in the 19th century, ...
... Politics. & the Anglo-American Mission. By Joseph Lil Joe Johnson. The ideological partisanship of American racial identity politics manifest in the hand-wringing over the saga of Shoshana Johnson versus Jessica Lynch demonstrates how it is that Black ethnicity identity support is, in the United States at any rate, part and parcel of U.S. culture and advances the politics of U.S. imperialism. In dispersing an appeal to come to the aid of Johnson, an obviously innocent, though politically na ve, writer inadvertently makes the case that Iraqis are wild (and, according to the prevailing wisdom, evil) sand-niggers that must be brought to heel by American troops on the ground. (See article below.). I respect the writer as a very sincere friend of Nathan and Julia Hare, as he said in a previous exchange, and as a Black revolutionary nationalist in the same tradition as the Hares. This response is not personal. Nor, is this a personal attack on Shoshana Johnson who, like so many ...
Affect control theory proposes that definitions of situations invoke social identities and other cultural categories, and people generate experiences to confirm sentiments which are bound to the categories. Emotions signal how well the confirmation process is going. When the process is not going well, people engage in corrective action, or they adjust their definitions of the situation to fit what has happened.. Sentiments are measured in terms of three dimensions scaled from about -4 to +4: Evaluation (scaled from bad to good), Potency (from powerless to powerful), and Activity (scaled from quiet, still to noisy, lively). The EPA dimensions are universals of human judgment according to studies in more than 20 cultures (Osgood, May and Miron, 1975).. Transient impressions of people--produced by events--also can be assessed in terms of the EPA dimensions. For example, good people ordinarily act nicely toward children and thereby create positive impressions of themselves and the ...
The 1990s witnessed a resurgence of English national identity.[73] Survey data shows a rise in the number of people in England describing their national identity as English and a fall in the number describing themselves as British.[74] Today, black and minority ethnic people of England still generally identify as British rather than English to a greater extent than their white counterparts;[75] however, groups such as the Campaign for an English Parliament (CEP) suggest the emergence of a broader civic and multi-ethnic English nationhood.[76] Scholars and journalists have noted a rise in English self-consciousness, with increased use of the English flag, particularly at football matches where the Union flag was previously more commonly flown by fans.[77][78] This perceived rise in English self-consciousness has generally been attributed to the devolution in the late 1990s of some powers to the Scottish Parliament and National Assembly for Wales.[73] In policy areas for which the devolved ...
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Globalization, by definition, is a threat to national identity. Europe is fighting it. If you arent familiar with the overwhelming political victories scored by Nigel Farages United Kingdom Independence Party or Marine Le Pens Front National Party it would hardly be surprising. These victories, having achieved wins over standing parties such as Tory or Labour, are either being mocked by establishment governments or are putting government officials in lather to do what they were elected to do in the first place. The votes reflect the growing anger of Europeans. They are no longer willing to suffer globalization under the European Union and want their national identities back, thank you very much. As a result, establishment parties, right and left, got a spanking at the polls such as hasnt been administered for a hundred years. And both ends of the political spectrum are scrambling to downplay it. The media, in Europe and America, are trying to laugh off wins that are, in reality, no joke. ...
In a multicultural society, discussion about issues of conflict and community are needed to facilitate understanding between social groups. In this intergroup dialogue, students will participate in semi-structured face-to-face meetings with students from other social identity groups. They will discuss relevant reading material and they will explore their own and the other groups experiences in various social and institutional contexts. Participants will examine narratives and historical, psychological and sociological materials that address each groups experience within a U.S. context. Students will participate in exercises that will be debriefed in class. They will learn about pertinent issues facing the participating groups on campus and in society. The goal is to create a setting in which students engage in open and constructive dialogue, learning, and exploration concerning issues of intergroup relations, conflict and community. STUDENTS INTERESTED IN THIS COURSE MUST FILL OUT A PLACEMENT ...
Basic Olicognograph: Teens Spirit Care. All from Review Article JIACAM Vol. 1, No. 1, Article 2 Psychosocial Treatment of Substance Use Disorders in Adolescents by Anil Malhotra, Debasish Basu, Nitin Gupta. General measures of intervention: 3 major strategies are used in current relapse prevention and intervention programmes: 1) Social support approaches. These focus on the patients need for emotional support from family members and friends. Support from family, friends and other recovering addicts can play a vital role in relapse prevention and intervention. 2) Lifestyle change approaches. These focus on helping patients develop and sustain new social identities as drug-free individuals, including breaking ties with drug users, developing new interests, pleasures and social contacts. 3) Cognitive-behavioral approaches. These emphasize identifying internal and external cues associated with craving, and then learning how to avoid them, or, if they do occur, to prevent them from turning into a ...
Downloadable! Affirmative action policies are practiced around the world. This paper explores the welfare economics of such policies. A model is proposed where heterogeneous agents, distinguished by skill level and social identity, compete for positions in a hierarchy. The problem of designing an efficient policy to raise the status in this competition of a disadvantaged identity group is considered. We show that: (i) when agent identity is fully visible and contractible (sightedness), efficient policy grants preferred access to positions, but offers no direct assistance for acquiring skills; and, (ii) when identity is not contractible (blindness), efficient policy provides universal subsidies when the fraction of the disadvantaged group at the development margin is larger then their mean (across positions) share at the assignment margin.
The 1979 Chicano Survey, conducted by the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, was a household survey of persons of Mexican descent living in California, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Texas, and Chicago, Illinois. The purpose of the survey was to compile a statistically representative and comprehensive body of empirical information about the social, economic, and psychological status of Chicanos. Interviews were conducted in Spanish or English, depending upon the respondents preference. Major topics covered were mental and physical health and use of health services, family background and composition, customary practices and values, language use and attitudes, employment history, social identity, group consciousness, and political opinions and participation.. ...
This is a table of the different risk factors mentioned in the Complete Companion textbook. Basically put into note form, highlighted and with relevant AO1 and AO2 detail. In my actual exam there was a question about risk factors and so I would have talked about some of these. I think these were stress, social learning theory and social identity theory.. Its important that you can identify the risk factors in a scenario, talk about them and then evaluate them with AO2 points, as the questions in the exam are often structured this way.. ...
The study is mainly about informal organising. The aim is to describe and interpret processes of organising in a health care unit and, from that example, to accomplish understanding of how power relations are handled and expressed by different actors in health care. I also intend to gain a deeper insight in how people produce subjectivity and social identity in a health care context and what prerequisites that context is offering for different actors to accomplish their projects.. The site of the empirical study is a rehabilitation ward in a geriatric clinic. The work organisation, work routines and the management of the clinic is investigated through observations, interviews and organisational documents. The findings are presented as narratives of the organisation, where organising is interpreted as actors interrelating projects. Four themes are in focus, A workplace in change, where the ward and clinic are introduced; Organising in the daily work, which includes team working and ...
Sex refers to the biological characteristics of males and females. Gender includes more than sex and serves as a cultural indicator of a persons personal and social identity. An important consideration when referring to sex is the level of specificity required: specify sex when it is relevant. Choose sex-neutral terms that avoid bias, suit the material under discussion, and do not intrude on the readers attention. See also , Age and Sex Referents. Note: Use man or men when referring to a specific man or group of men, woman or women when referring to a specific woman or a group
Sex refers to the biological characteristics of males and females. Gender includes more than sex and serves as a cultural indicator of a persons personal and social identity. An important consideration when referring to sex is the level of specificity required: specify sex when it is relevant. Choose sex-neutral terms that avoid bias, suit the material under discussion, and do not intrude on the readers attention. See also , Age and Sex Referents. Note: Use man or men when referring to a specific man or group of men, woman or women when referring to a specific woman or a group
Most of our books could be filed under experimental-we all know what that is supposed to mean, though I have issue with that appellation. We are particularly interested in work thats standing firmly-be it nude in boots and shouting from puddles, or more ornately said in oceans of robes-in gender, sexual and social identity issues, Indigenous Australian literature, ecopoetics, archival poetics…though any work that uniquely and unabashedly uses language, idiom, shape and negative space would interest us. ...
Many people find it difficult to enter into the creative process. They may be constrained by their sense of what is appropriate behavior or their discomfort about revealing too much of parts of themselves that may not match their sense of social identity. They may not want to expose, either to themselves or to others
Abstract. This article explores several issues pertaining to the nature of dominant group ethnicity in the United States. Dominant group ethnic identity tends to be less visible and less salient as a result of dominant status. This "hidden ethnicity has resulted in the systematic un-derdevelopment of the study of race and ethnic relations with regard to the analysis of the role of dominant group ethnicity. In addition, the taken-for-granted nature of dominant group identity has facilitated attempts by the dominant group to maintain its dominant position in the system of ethnic stratification. Finally, this article examines the process through which dominant group ethnicity has evolved and assesses the consequences of these changes for race and ethnic relations in the United States.. ...
The chapter uses data from the 2008 American National Election Studies (ANES) time series to examine symbolic empowerment and its impact on political behavior. The chapter reveals that voting in the nomination campaign-specifically, voting for the winning candidate-encouraged other forms of participation on the part of the African American electorate comprised of the newly registered and those previously registered who were similarly energized by Obamas historic candidacy. Newcomer or not, African Americans were more likely to participate in all types of political behavior-including wearing campaign buttons, posting a lawn sign or bumper sticker, engaging in political talk for or against a candidate, donating money to the Democratic Party, and attending a speech or rally-in part because of the salience of racial group identification.
This book analyzes representative works of African American fiction, film, and music in which interracial desire appears in the context of same sex desire. In close readings of these "texts," Stefanie K. Dunning explores the ways in which the interracial intersects with queerness, blackness, whiteness, class, and black national identity. She shows that representations of interracial desire do not follow the logic of racial exclusion. Instead they are metaphorical and anti-biological. Rather than diluting race, interracial desire makes race visible. By invoking the interracial, black gay and lesbian artists can remake our conception of blackness. ...
The Afrobarometer project was designed to assess attitudes toward democracy, markets, and civil society in several sub-Saharan African nations, and to track the evolution of such attitudes in those nations over time. This particular survey was concerned with the attitudes and opinions of the citizens of South Africa. Respondents gave their opinions of the performance of South Africas President Thabo Mbeki and elected officials in local and national government, the governments handling of issues such as crime and the economy, the most important issues facing the nation, and whether the country was heading in the right direction. A series of questions addressed respondents living conditions, the economic conditions and political influence of their own ethnic group compared to other groups in the country, and whether they felt more attached to their national identity or their ethnic group. Views were sought on the past, present, and future of economic conditions in the country, economic policies ...
North America is a dynamic migration region, with the United States home to more immigrants than any other country in the world, the Mexico-U.S. corridor the globes top migration corridor, and Canada a leading destination for migrants. Research collected here focuses on everything from visa policy and border management to immigrant integration, national identity, the demographics of immigrants in the region and their educational and workforce outcomes, and ways to more effectively use migration policy as a lever for national and regional competitiveness.
Washington, CT. The unanimously anointed Soothsayer of the American Republic, Alexis de Tocqueville is deservedly credited with divining the essential and lasting traits of the mythological American. That he did so, long before there really was such a collective thing as a national identity only serves to make his achievement all the more remarkable. He discerned it all…our restlessness, our physicality, our endless busyness and cocksure, open-faced optimism. But there was someone else, a fellow French national in fact who first hit upon the two most defining aspects of the American Character. On the one hand, we are joyfully independent but collective partisans in a civil communion of the future and on the other, we are malcontents, chucking the group-grope in favor of following the sun towards the western horizon. Both are revolutionaries of a sort but both, by all rights, should not inhabit the same sphere of national ends. But we do, to varying degrees of success or messiness over the ...
Rebuilding a Nation 115. The Development of Literary Regionalisms 115. The Development of Literary Realism and Naturalism 130. The Development of Womens Writing 143. The Development of Many Americas 148. 4 Making It New: The Emergence of Modern American Literature 1900-1945 159. Changing National Identities 159. Between Victorianism and Modernism 159. The Inventions of Modernism 176. Traditionalism, Politics, and Prophecy 211. Community and Identity 226. Mass Culture and the Writer 242. 5 Negotiating the American Century: American Literature since 1945 249. Towards a Transnational Nation 249. Formalists and Confessionals 249. Public and Private Histories 263. Beats, Prophets, and Aesthetes 281. The Art and Politics of Race 296. Realism and Its Discontents 314. Language and Genre 328. Creating New Americas 345. Index 373 ...
He explained that when he cried, Joseph was weeping out of personal emotion. He relived all of his dreams and struggles as well as the deep remorse he felt at having caused, even indirectly, so much suffering to his father. Understandably, Josephs emotions overcame him and he wept. In contrast, Jacob saw the events of Josephs life not as a personal or even familial matter. Rather, he saw them in terms of the national identity and story of the Jewish people. He saw in his coming to Egypt not merely the moment of rediscovering and being united with his long lost son but rather he realized that this was the beginning of the realization of G-ds words to Abraham at the great covenant bein habsarim that the Jewish people would have to be annealed in the fire of exile and hardship before becoming the Chosen People. ...
To legally participate in any political elections in Kenya, one must of necessity be in possession of at least two documents i.e. the electors card and the national identity card. Both of these documents make use of ...
Though Nietzsche tilted at the windmill of the future, his knightly armour sparkled and creaked with his own times apparatus of the sciences, even while a great deal of his challenge unfurled to pointedly mock the history of civilized institutions.. Rudolf Steiner, by contrast, was nothing like a lone knight; he put his life together more in responsible relation to friends and followers than on the basis of Nietzsches self-conscious intention to make it difficult for the future to lose him once they had found him.. The Anti-Christ titles one of Nietzsches later works.. Because Nietzsche was more the Anti-Kant than The Anti-Christ, he felt obliged to sum himself up and brand himself upon what he took to be the German people with more of their own medicine.. Steiner never admitted that suicidal narrowing into national identity as his lands fate accompli; he found sufficient diversity and aptitude for what he tried to teach as supersensible perception among the people who sought him out, ...
RoséJean-Luc Nancy, Identité: Fragments, franchises, Galilée, Paris, 2010. 69 pp., €14.00 pb., 978 2 71860 820 4.of the extreme-right Front National, which had until then been in decline, something attributed to Sarkozys co-opting of populist stances on immigration and crime since his time as Interior Minister. The debate on national identity, it seemed, was one triangulation to the extreme right too far.. Nancy initially presents Identité as a corrective to both rightand left-wing approaches to the causes that would render any debate on national identity somehow necessary. Of course it is simplistic to complain, as does the right, that these people dont want to let themselves be integrated into the national identity; but so, he says, is the left assertion that the conditions given to [these people] do not allow them even to work out their own identity. If this might give the impression that Nancy wishes to escape a right-left political spectrum, Nancys description of the ...
The application for a tax deduction card for foreign nationals acts as an application for a national identy number or a D-number if such a number has not been applied for earlier. The number is stated on your tax deduction card and is used to identify you to the authorities. When you open a bank account in Norway, you must give this number to the bank. You must use the D-number or national identity number every time you come to Norway to work. You must also state the number when applying for a new tax deduction card ...
The Millennial Decade screwed with our heads and destroyed our national identity. Are we in for a cataclysmic century? Its been one helluva decade, even though weve reached the end without knowing what to call it. Some have tried the aughts, others the double-Os. Im content to simply call it over. To mark its location in the great march of history, Ive taken to calling it the millennial decade, after the great numerological transition it heralded. Yet for describing its character, nothing comes closer than the Decade of Trauma -- American trauma, that is.
On the other hand, there is evidence that what we do while we are online can have a significant impact on how likely we are to become depressed. It is not Facebook in itself that makes us feel down, but rather how we use it: with so many people using the site, it is hard to avoid reaching the conclusion that someone somewhere is having a better time than us. As humans we are primed to make social comparisons (Festinger, 1954), but whereas once we would have compared ourselves with the neighbours, we can now compare ourselves with millions of other people across the globe from the comfort of our living rooms, with just the swipe of a finger. Research suggests that men may be more likely to engage in social comparison online (Steers, Wickham, & Acitelli, 2014), and if we compare ourselves to others in a way that leads to feelings of envy, we are more likely to feel depressed (Tandoc, Ferucci, & Duffy, 2015). Feeling depressed may also lead us to engage in greater social comparison (Feinstein et ...
Liverpool ramps up its European Capital of Culture activities with the launch this week of an identity, website, merchandise and city-wide advertising.. The identity, a joint effort by local ad agency Finch and London ad agency Bartle Bogle Hegarty, aims to portray an impressionistic representation of the citys World Heritage waterfront, according to a Liverpool City Council spokesman.. The website, www.liverpool 08.com, has been designed by the councils in-house design team. The launch coincides with the start of French city Lilles year-long tenure as the cultural capital (see top of page 5).. ...
Ballard, who previously ran into controversy as director-general of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) where she pushed through extensive job cuts, said in an interview with The Sunday Times: "Most parents would choose to have a hearing embryo, but for those few parents who do not, we think they should be allowed to exercise that choice and we would support them in that decision. "There are a number of deaf forums where there are discussions about this. There are a small minority of activists who say that there is a cultural identity in being born deaf and that we should not destroy that cultural identity by preventing children from being born deaf." Ballard added: "We would like to retain, as far as possible, parental choice, but it has to be in conjunction with a clinician so that people know exactly what they are choosing ...
We are a VC funded new venture considering coaching for our founders and the executive team, a total of 6 people. We want to do it early in our...
Originally Posted by GZA Which raises another interesting thing, how does it effect people to be born into a culture they will grow to strongly dislik