Define smoking cessation assistance. smoking cessation assistance synonyms, smoking cessation assistance pronunciation, smoking cessation assistance translation, English dictionary definition of smoking cessation assistance. n. 1. The act of assisting. 2. Aid; help: financial assistance. n 1. help; support 2. the act of assisting 3. informal Brit See national assistance n.
The European Smoking Cessation Guidelines and Quality Standards are the main output of a project undertaken by ENSP to create a coherent and reliable set of guidelines for healthcare professionals working in the field of smoking cessation. The Guidelines form a complete range of tools to support smoking cessation strategies. The work was undertaken by the Editorial Board comprising seven eminent professors and the Board of Revisers from across the entire European continent and is the first of its kind. These guidelines are in accordance with Article 14 of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which states that:. Parties should develop and disseminate comprehensive tobacco dependence treatment guidelines based on the best available scientific evidence and best practices, taking into account national circumstances and priorities. These guidelines should include two major components: (1) a national cessation strategy, to promote tobacco cessation and provide tobacco dependence ...
ENSP is a fervent supporter of strong smoking cessation activities as a means to combat smoking prevalence. ENSP encourages the implementation of WHO FCTC Article 14 on Provision of support for reducing tobacco dependence and cessation. As the Guidelines for Implementing Article 14 state, it is encouraged to create a sustainable infrastructure which motivates attempts to quit, to identify the key, effective measures needed to promote tobacco cessation and incorporate tobacco dependence treatment into national tobacco control programmes and finally for national states to share experiences and collaborate in order to facilitate the development or strengthening of support for tobacco cessation and tobacco dependence treatment.. Read more in the ENSP Smoking Cessation Guidelines available in various languages and about the project treating smoking cessation:. ...
The 1996 guideline, Smoking Cessation, Clinical Practice Guideline, No. 18, sponsored by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, has been superseded by a new, updated Tobacco Cessation Guideline released by the Public Health Service in 2008.. The information and treatment recommendations provided in the earlier Smoking Cessation Guideline products listed below are out of date. These products have been removed from the Health Services/Technology Assessment Text (HSTAT), an electronic system maintained by the National Library of Medicine.. ...
The aim of this study is to assess the effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on initial cessation and relapse prevention in adult cigarette smokers. Specifically, this study has the following aims: Aim 1) Examine the efficacy of NAC, compared to placebo, in helping smokers achieve three days of continuous abstinence; Aim 2) Among those who maintain initial 3-day abstinence, examine the time to relapse over the 8-week intervention between NAC and placebo groups; Aim 3) Assess 7-day point prevalence abstinence at the 8-week end-of-treatment study visit in order to obtain effect sizes and estimates of variability to power a randomized clinical trial ...
This project will be a randomized clinical trial testing the efficacy of an internet-administered smoking cessation treatment for overweight and obese smokers. Research on internet-administered behavioral treatments for smoking cessation has found that compared to control treatments (e.g., self-help materials), cessation rates in internet-administered treatments are significantly higher. Research testing the applicability of these treatments to overweight and obese individuals has not yet been conducted. Given that a substantial portion of smokers are also overweight and at elevated cardiovascular risk, there is a need for directed treatment efforts for this group. The current trial proposes to be the first to test the effectiveness of internet-administered smoking cessation treatment for overweight and obese (BMI≥25) smokers. Adult participants will be randomized to receive 12 weeks of internet-administered treatment consisting of either: a) standard smoking cessation treatment with general ...
Coltsfoot helps soothe inflamed lung tissue, loosen secretions, and tones the lungs. The American Journal of Medicine (AJM) reports the findings of a review that observed 14 previous clinical trials who used acupuncture as an alternative therapy for smokers to kick the habit. The results of the trial showed that there was no significant difference in abstinence rates between the what tea helps to lose weight groups during weeks 9-12, although they did observe that "7-day point prevalence abstinence at week 4 of the fresh lime users was statistically significant lower than those using nicotine gum (38. Withdrawal symptoms are worse within the first week of quitting and the intensity natural remedy to quit smoking of the symptoms drops over the first month says The National Cancer Institute (NCI). Common triggers that boost your nicotine cravings can be starting the day, drinking coffee or tea and feeling stressed. Through guided meditation, visualization, relaxing music and deep breathing this ...
This study described smoking cessation programmes that use TKM interventions in South Korea, and the study results provide basic information for planning future smoking cessation programmes to contribute increasing smoking cessation rates and finally promoting health. In conventional western medicine, there are smoking cessation treatment guidelines for primary care physicians that were developed by the Korean Academy of Family Medicine [21]. The guidelines recommend following doctors advice, individual or group behavioural counselling, self-help interventions, attending smoking cessation clinics, and medicinal treatments, such as bupropion, nortriptyline, and NRT.. In China, a non-smoking clinic was established in 2007 at the Acupuncture and Moxibustion Hospital, Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, and the patients were treated with acupuncture, massages, and herbal patches [22]. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is relatively well used in cessation treatment; however, there are no national ...
SMOKING IS THE LEADING PREVENTABLE CAUSE OF DEATH IN THE UNITED STATES. IT IS A MAJOR CAUSE OF CANCER AND OTHER SERIOUS DISEASE, AND IS BY FAR THE LEADING CAUSE OF LUNG CANCER. THE STUDY WILL TEST A STATE-OF-THE-ART CORPORATE SMOKING CESSATION CLINIC SUPPLEMENTED BY EITHER ACTIVE OR PLACEBO NICOTINE REPLACEMENT (TRANSDERMAL NICOTINE SYSTEM). IT IS HYPOTHESIZED THAT ACTIVE NICOTINE REPLACEMENT WILL LEAD TO A SIGNIFICANT REDUCTION IN WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS AND TO IMPROVED ABSTINENCE. A MINIMUM OF 120 SUBJECTS FROM SIX COMPANIES WILL BE RANDOMLY ASSIGNED TO EITHER ACTIVE OR PLACEBO TRANSDERMAL PATCH. ALL SUBJECTS WILL ATTEND A 9 WEEK SMOKING CESSATION CLINIC FOLLOWED BY SEVERAL ASSESSMENT SESSIONS. WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOM AND SMOKING STATUS DATA WILL BE COLLECTED AT EACH SESSION. SELF-REPORTED ABSTINENCE WILL BE VALIDATED BY EXPIRED CARBON MONOXIDE AND SALIVA COTININE. TWELVE MONTH OUTCOME DATA WILL BE COLLECTED INDEPENDENTLY OF SBIR FUNDING. IF RESULTS ARE AS HYPOTHESIZED, A WIDELY DISSEMINABLE CORPORATE ...
This meta-analysis by Rice and Stead provides a review of smoking cessation interventions delivered by nurses to patients in hospital and outpatient settings. The findings lend support for smoking cessation counselling by nurses but provide little direction for choosing the optimal set of strategies for a smoking cessation programme (eg, self help manuals, individual counselling, or telephone follow up).. The authors classified cessation strategies into low and high intensity interventions based primarily on the duration of the intervention. Surprisingly, they observed that low intensity rather than high intensity smoking cessation strategies led to successful cessation. A review of the high intensity interventions indicates that many of them required ,1 visit by a patient to a healthcare setting (eg, multiple sessions over time) or involved group interventions. It is not possible to determine whether these factors produced the differential effect of high versus low intensity interventions. ...
Smoking is a major risk factor for a range of diseases, and quitting smoking provides considerable benefits to health. It therefore follows that clinical guidelines on disease management, particularly for diseases caused by smoking, should include smoking cessation. The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which this is the case. We conducted a systematic review investigating clinical guidelines and recommendations issued by UK national or European transnational medical speciality associations and societies issued between 2000 and 2012 on a range of diseases caused by smoking. We then investigated whether selected guidelines contained reference to smoking cessation and smoking cessation advice. Although the extent to which smoking and smoking cessation was mentioned in the guidelines varied between diseases, only 60% of guidelines identified recognised that smoking is a risk factor for the development of the disease and 40% recommended smoking cessation. Only 19% of guidelines ...
© 2015 The Authors. Addiction published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society for the Study of Addiction. Aims: Financial incentives were the single most effective intervention for smoking cessation in pregnancy in a recent Cochrane Review, but based on a few small trials in the United States using only 7-day point prevalence measures of cessation. This study estimates (a) prolonged cessation in an unselected population of English pregnant smokers who are offered financial incentives for quitting and (b) gaming, i.e.false reporting of smoking status to enter the scheme or gain an incentive. Design: Single-arm intervention study Setting: Antenatal clinic and community Participants: A total of 239 pregnant smokers enrolled into the financial incentive scheme, attending for maternity care at one hospital in an area of high deprivation in England over a 42-week period. Measurements: Smoking cessation at delivery and 6months postpartum, assessed using salivary cotinine; gaming assessed using
All study participants were also made to realize the harmful effects of tobacco smoking and smoking cessation clinics were integrated with the lung cancer screening programme," shared Dr Triphuridet. "As per the WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2015, at present 19.9 percent of adults in Thailand are tobacco smokers (39 percent males and 2.1 percent females). There is data that shows a strong linkage between smoking cessation rate and cost-effectiveness of CT screening. For example, at the smoking cessation rate of 3 percent, the annual screening for smokers aged 50-74 years (with 40-pack years) costs $110,000-$166,000/QALY (quality-adjusted life-years gained). But, if the cessation rate is doubled the cost is reduced to ,$75,000/QALY. If quit rates are halved, benefits from screening are almost wiped out." Thus, integration of smoking cessation practices into lung cancer screening programmes is an important step in improving the cost-effectiveness of screening ...
Exercise has received attention as a method to prevent or reduce post cessation weight gain. However, little is known about how weight changes following quit attempts contribute to the relationship between exercise and smoking cessation. The present study assessed how exercise relates to cessation and whether initial changes in exercise after quitting smoking promote cessation through attenuated weight gain. Weight-concerned women smokers (N = 342) receiving cessation treatment provided biochemical validation of cessation, reported weekly exercise activities, and were weighed at 1, 3, and 6 months following treatment initiation. Survival analyses were used to determine time to and risk of relapse among women who reported engaging in varied levels of exercise at baseline. A mediation analysis was used to examine whether the effect of initial changes in exercise on longer-term cessation was driven by change in weight. All analyses were adjusted for relevant covariates. ...
2010) Trial protocol and preliminary results for a cluster randomised trial of behavioural support versus brief advice for smoking cessation in adolescents. BMC Research Notes, Vol.3 (No.336 ...
National Standard for Tobacco Cessation Support Programme STANDARDS DOCUMENT The development of a National Standard for Intensive Tobacco Cessation Support Services is one of the key priorities of the
Smoking cessation (also known as quitting smoking) is the process of discontinuing tobacco smoking. Tobacco smoke contains nicotine, which is addictive. Nicotine withdrawal makes the process of quitting often very prolonged and difficult. Seventy percent of smokers would like to quit smoking, and 50 percent report attempting to quit within the past year. Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death worldwide. Tobacco cessation significantly reduces the risk of dying from tobacco-related diseases such as coronary heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and lung cancer. Due to its link to many chronic diseases, cigarette smoking has been restricted in many public areas. Many different strategies can be used for smoking cessation, including quitting without assistance ("cold turkey" or cut down then quit), behavioral counseling, and medications such as bupropion, cytisine, nicotine replacement therapy, or varenicline. Most smokers who try to quit do so without assistance, ...
Cigarette smoking causes significant morbidity and mortality in the United States. Physicians can use the five As framework (ask, advise, assess, assist, arrange) to promote smoking cessation. All patients should be asked about tobacco use and assessed for motivation to quit at every clinical encounter. Physicians should strongly advise patients to quit smoking, and use motivational interviewing techniques for patients who are not yet willing to stop smoking. Clinical contacts with unmotivated patients should emphasize the rewards and relevance of quitting, as well as the risks of smoking and anticipated barriers to abstinence. These messages should be repeated at every opportunity. Appropriate patients should be offered pharmacologic assistance in quitting, such as nicotine replacement therapies, bupropion, and varenicline. Use of pharmacologic support during smoking cessation can double the rate of successful abstinence. Using more than one type of nicotine replacement therapy (
Tobacco, a legal product worldwide, killed 100 million people in the 20th century, and could kill as many as a billion human beings in the current century.1 Efforts to prevent tobacco-related morbidity and premature mortality depend on prevention programs, policies protecting people from tobacco smoke exposure, and effective cessation programs. Over a decade ago, Peto and Lopez showed that cessation will contribute quickly to lowering the burden of smoking-induced disease, because of the immediate health benefits of quitting and the long lag time for the development of many smoking-related diseases.2 Cessation has the additional benefit of the prevention of exposure of others to tobacco smoke. Yet, cessation for many smokers remains an elusive goal,3(p.15) with most quitters returning to their habit over time.4. Principles of behavior assume that the provision of knowledge works to change behavior when motivation for change is present. Increased perception of risk has been shown to be associated ...
Quitting smoking is beneficial to health at any age, and cigarette smokers who quit before age 35 years have mortality rates similar to those who never smoked (1,2). From 1965 to 2010, the prevalence of cigarette smoking among adults in the United States decreased from 42.4% to 19.3%, in part because of an increase in the number who quit smoking (3). Since 2002, the number of former U.S. smokers has exceeded the number of current smokers (4). Mass media campaigns, increases in the prices of tobacco products, and smoke-free policies have been shown to increase smoking cessation (5,6). In addition, brief cessation advice by health-care providers; individual, group, and telephone counseling; and cessation medications are effective cessation treatments (5). To determine the prevalence of 1) current interest in quitting smoking, 2) successful recent smoking cessation, 3) recent use of cessation treatments, and 4) trends in quit attempts over a 10-year period, CDC analyzed data from the 2001--2010 ...
Data collected during the immediate perioperative period (defined as from the morning of surgery through POD 8) for the NWS, PSS, NSS, and NPS were analyzed using PROC MIXED (version 8.2 of the SAS System for Unix; SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC). For these models, a first-order autoregressive structure was used to model the covariance of repeated measures within individuals. Because of a skewed distribution, the analysis of PSS was performed using the square root of PSS as the dependent variable. To supplement these analyses, groups were compared separately at each time point using the rank sum test for PSS and the two-sample t test for NWS, NSS, and NPS. The proportions of subjects reporting 7-day point-prevalence abstinence from smoking at 30 and 180 days after surgery were compared between groups using the chi-square test, and at each time point, the changes in smoking rate from baseline were compared between groups using the rank sum test. In all cases, subjects with missing abstinence ...
Physicians have frequent opportunities to intervene with their smoking patients as approximately 70% of smokers see a physician each year.1 Even brief counselling by a physician significantly improves the rate of smoking cessation according to meta-analyses performed by the Tobacco Use and Dependence Guideline Panel and summarised as "ask, advise, assist, and arrange follow-up" in the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR) guidelines.2 Despite these evidence based recommendations, physicians identify only about half of current smokers, advise less than half, and assist and arrange follow up with a small minority.3 There are several explanations for this disparity between physicians knowledge and their actual behaviour including inadequate training, resource and time constraints, and lack of information on community cessation resources.. Office systems that screen patients for smoking status increase the rate of smoking cessation interventions by health care providers.4 We ...
The effects of preoperative smoking cessation on the healing of fractures and postoperative complications: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Wei Min, Rongze An, Songjun Li, Ji
Once youve decided to quit smoking, set your "target quit date" a few weeks away. In the time leading up to your quit day, try some of these ideas offered by the Tobacco Control Research Branch of the National Cancer Institute to help you successfully quit smoking.. For the best results, work with your doctor. Together, you can test your lung function and compare the results to those of a nonsmoking person. The results can be given to you as your "lung age." Finding out your "lung age" right after having the test done may help you to stop smoking.. Your doctor can also discuss with you all of your options and refer you to smoking-cessation support groups. You may wish to use nicotine replacement (gum, patches, inhaler) or one of the prescription medications that have been shown to increase quit rates and prolong abstinence from smoking. But whatever you and your doctor decide on these matters, it will still be you who decides when an how to quit. Here are some techniques: ...
Tobacco use causes over 440,000 premature deaths each year in the United States and is the single most preventable cause of death and disease (CDC, 2002). Tobacco use is a risk factor for many types of cancer, heart disease, chronic pulmonary disease, and stroke. Health costs associated with tobacco use have created an economic health burden of more than 50 billion dollars. Although nationally the current cigarette smoking prevalence is 25% for men and 21 % for women, in rural areas adults and adolescents continue to exceed these percentages. As nurse practitioners can play an instrumental role in maintaining the health of rural residents, the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) can be used as a valuable and practical tool to evaluate the patients readiness for change and help facilitate interventions in assisting patients in rural communities with smoking cessation ...
SSTAR offers a number of smoking cessation services that include individual and group counseling. In addition, SSTAR offers tobacco treatment to local businesses who are interested in running a program for their employees.. A smoking cessation group is offered on Tuesday mornings at 10:30 A.M. The group focuses on education about nicotine dependence and provides a forum to learn coping skills to help with quit efforts. Any person at any stage of readiness who wants to look at their smoking behavior and discuss potential for quitting is welcome. The Mass. Bureau of Substance Abuse is supplying free nicotine patches and gum to assist with quit efforts. However, use of this tool is not required. If youd like to attend this group, visit our Open Access Center at 386 Stanley Street Fall River, MA 02720 between 7:30 AM and 3:00 PM, Monday through Friday, for an intake. Let them know of your interest in smoking cessation.. Individual counseling: Since individual needs vary, you may prefer a one on one ...
However, when looking at the details, one realizes that "abrupt cessation" is not what one generally would expect: Complete cessation on the target quit date and immediate initiation of NRT, as generally recommended in the package inserts of such therapy. This was not done. The abrupt strategy in this trial was less "abrupt" and more prepared than it may seem ...
These two studies demonstrate, for the first time, that it is feasible to recruit pregnant smokers to exercise-based smoking cessation programmes. Our recruits were generally positive about both programmes, although the hospital-based scheme was viewed more positively than the programme delivered in womens homes. One quarter of the women recruited to either of the programmes quit smoking to the end of pregnancy, a rate which is similar to that shown for NRT in non-pregnant smokers [16]. However, this may be an optimistic estimate of the expected smoking cessation rates because we verified abstinence by expired CO rather than by a more reliable measure such as cotinine [50]. Moreover, the study did not include a control condition and quit rates might have been higher than usual had a control condition been used because these women were interested in increasing physical activity and therefore may have been more health conscious and more motivated to stop smoking than usual.. The proportion of ...
The great majority of smokers are chronically dependent on tobacco. This dependence arises from the rituals and sensory associations of smoking that are reinforced, within seconds, by a rapid burst of nicotine from the cigarette. All forms of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) - gum, patches and inhaler - and bupropion are safe and effective for increasing smoking cessation rates in the short and long terms. Other than those who are minimally dependent, all patients willing to quit should be offered one of these therapies unless contraindications exist. The effectiveness of drug treatments is multiplied when associated with effective counseling or behavioral treatments. While NRT is not recommended during pregnancy or in patients with cardiac disease, if the alternative is smoking NRT is almost certainly safe. Combination NRT (more than one therapy) may be indicated in patients who have failed monotherapy in association with withdrawal symptoms. There are some specific contraindications to the ...
PURPOSE : To evaluate the effects of randomly assigning smokers who have early chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD to a smoking-cessation intervention on the symptoms of chronic cough, chronic phlegm production, wheezing and shortness of breath, and to determine the effects of quitting smoking on these symptoms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS : A...
Longtime women smokers are two-and-a-half times more likely to suffer sudden cardiac death than non-smokers, a researcher in Canada says.
The Tobacco Prevention and Education Program (TPEP) is a local Lead Agency coordinating tobacco control efforts in Solano County since 1990. TPEP is a program of the Health Promotion and Community Wellness Bureau within Solano Public Health. TPEP focuses on these major areas ...
MAIN RESULTS: We found 40 RCTs meeting inclusion criteria in total (21 trials were new in this update, 5 new trials contributed to long-term results (more than 12 months)). Interventions consist of behavioural therapeutic approaches, telephone support and self-help material and were either focused on smoking cessation alone or addressed several risk factors (eg. obesity, inactivity and smoking). The trials mostly included older male patients with CHD, predominantly myocardial infarction (MI). After an initial selection of studies three trials with implausible large effects of RR , 5 which contributed to substantial heterogeneity were excluded. Overall there was a positive effect of interventions on abstinence after 6 to 12 months (risk ratio (RR) 1.22, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.13 to 1.32, I² 54%; abstinence rate treatment group = 46%, abstinence rate control group 37.4%), but heterogeneity between trials was substantial. Studies with validated assessment of smoking status at follow-up had ...
Scope NCI launches smoking cessation support for teens HealthCanal.com By connecting with teen smokers on their mobile phones, NCI hopes to more effectively engage young people in quitting with proven
Authors: Fagan P, Shavers V, Lawrence D, Gibson JT, Ponder P. Title: Cigarette smoking and quitting behaviors among unemployed adults in the United States.. Journal: Nicotine Tob Res 9(2):241-8. Date: 2007 Feb. Abstract: Little is known about factors associated with smoking among the unemployed. This study estimated the prevalence of smoking and examined sociodemographic factors associated with current, former, and successful quitting among unemployed adults aged 18-64. Cross-sectional data on 13,480 participants in the 1998-1999 and 2001-2002 Tobacco Use Supplements to the Current Population Surveys were analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to examine factors associated with study outcomes (current vs. never, former vs. current, successful quitter vs. other former smoker). Among the unemployed, 35% were current smokers and 13% were former smokers. Of the former smokers, 81% quit successfully for at least 12 months. Participants with family incomes of less than US$25,000 ...
The head of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention resigned after it was revealed she had purchased stock in a tobacco company a month after taking the job, which oversees smoking-cessation programs, among other things.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, General Practice. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in the West of Östergötland. ...
Improved patient outcome with smoking cessation: when is it too late? Jane Wu1, Don D Sin1,21Department of Medicine (Division of Respirology), The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 2UBC James Hogg Research Laboratory, Providence Heart and Lung Institute, St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, BC, CanadaAbstract: Smoking is the leading modifiable risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cardiovascular disease (CVD), and lung cancer. Smoking cessation is the only proven way of modifying the natural course of COPD. It is also the most effective way of reducing the risk for myocardial infarction and lung cancer. However, the full benefits of tobacco treatment may not be realized until many years of abstinence. All patients with COPD, regardless of severity, appear to benefit from tobacco treatment. Similarly, patients with recent CVD events also benefit from tobacco treatment. The risk of total mortality and rate of recurrence of lung cancer is substantially lower in
Banning e-cigarettes, while leaving tobacco on open sale, borders on lunacy. Not only because it is illogical in terms of an anti-tobacco policy, but because it shows how clearly this has to do with controlling the market share in nicotine use and smoking cessation. Clinical trials have not demonstrated convincingly that approved smoking cessation medication effectively stops people smoking. Champix is tainted with well grounded safety concerns, documented by users, and is the subject of lawsuits. Tobacco too clearly raises concerns among policy makers, yet remains legal (rightly so). The only product to be threatened with restrictions is the e-cigarette ...
Background: Smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have high nicotine dependence making it difficult to quit smoking. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a method that is used in stimulating motivation and behavioral changes.. Objective: To describe smoking cessation communication between patients and registered nurses trained in MI in COPD nurse-led clinics in Swedish primary health care.. Methods: A prospective observational study with structured quantitative content analyses of the communication between six nurses with basic education in MI and 13 patients in non-smoking consultations.. Results: Only to a small extent did nurses evoke patients reasons for change, stimulate collaboration, and support patients autonomy. Nurses provided information, asked closed questions, and made simple reflections. Patients communication was mainly neutral and focusing on reasons for and against smoking. It was uncommon for patients to be committed and take steps toward smoking ...
Findings from this study reveal a number of key learning points for the development and delivery of cessation support in pregnancy.
Journal of Medical Internet Research - International Scientific Journal for Medical Research, Information and Communication on the Internet
Our study has several strengths. Relative to cross-sectional studies that assess smoking status at a single time point, the cohort design of this study allowed us to focus on cessation independent of other aspects of smoking behavior (such as initiation) and to assess quitting behavior at two widely separated time points. Examining genetic influences within a group of moderate to heavy smokers who were sufficiently motivated to quit that they chose to participate in a randomized trial might be expected to enhance our ability to isolate and identify genetic effects on smoking cessation (independent of psychosocial factors related to motivation), relative to studies based on comparisons of smokers and nonsmokers. The conduct of this study within a female population, coupled with the lack of effect of the d,l-fenfluramine intervention on smoking cessation [7], minimizes the extent to which our results might be influenced by gender or treatment arm.. Nevertheless, the study is vulnerable to several ...
There are some prescription drugs that have been shown to help smokers quit. Some can be used along with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT).
Health care professionals who smoke often represent a significant obstacle to getting patients to stop smoking. Among registered nurses in particular, smoking limits their ability to be strong advocates for cessation interventions.
Learn the top reasons to quit smoking and get expert advice on the smoking-cessation programs and medications that reduce cravings and can set you on the path...
Background: Smoking is one of the major risk factors of CVD. It is well-known that smokers increase weight when they quit smoking, and concomitant weight increase after smoking cessation may blunt beneficial effects of smoking cessation on e.g. glucose metabolism. However, not all smokers gain weight. To our knowledge, predictors of weight-loss after smoking cessation have not previously been investigated.. Methods: in a large population-based study, the Inter99 study, 2,408 daily smokers were included at baseline. Out of these, 262 attended the five year follow-up and reported that they had not smoked for at least 12 months. Participants completed self-report questionnaires at baseline and follow-up. In multivariable logistic regression analyses we investigated predictors of weight-loss.. Results: A total of 17.6% of the quitters had lost weight from baseline to 5 years follow-up. Neither sex, age, number of daily meals, energy intake, dietary quality, physical activity, alcohol consumption, ...
The number of smokers who successfully quit through the NHS smoking cessation services has tumbled for the fourth consecutive year, official statistics show.
Smoking tobacco killed 100 million people over the course of the 20th century. It is a leading cause of cancer, heart disease and other ailments. And it is on pace to kill one billion more this century if current trends continue. Yet, quitting smoking is hard to do for a variety of physiological and psychological reasons. New research indicates, however, that a novel drug--based on an older plant cure--aids heavy smokers in their quest to quit. Cheryl Oncken, M.D., of the University of Connecticut and her colleagues put together two randomized, double-blind studies of a new drug--varenicline tartrate--with funding from Pfizer. The compound works by blocking nicotine from receptors by binding to them itself and triggering lesser physiological effects, which may help smokers resist the temptation to light up. This is exactly what the first study of 626 smokers revealed: those given the highest dose of varenicline quit at nearly three times the rate of those given only a placebo--48 percent and 17 ...
Smoking Cessation, Read about Smoking Cessation symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. Also read Smoking Cessation articles about how to live with Smoking Cessation, and more.