obstructive sleep apnea vs central sleep apnea obstructive sleep apnea syndrome video sleep disorder center detroit mi childhood sleep disorders apnea monitor childhood sleep disorders sleep apnea symptoms sleep apnea treatment europe snore aids childhood sleep disorders Many childhood sleep problems are related to poor sleep habits or to anxiety...
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality (SQ) and daytime sleepiness (DS) are common in renal transplant (RTx) recipients; however, related data are rare. This study describes the prevalence and frequency of self-reported sleep disturbances in RTx recipients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 249 RTx recipients transplanted at three Swiss transplant centers. All had reported poor SQ and / or DS in a previous study. With the Survey of Sleep (SOS) self-report questionnaire, we screened for sleep and health habits, sleep history, main sleep problems and sleep-related disturbances. To determine a basis for preliminary sleep diagnoses according to the International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD), 164 subjects were interviewed (48 in person, 116 via telephone and 85 refused). Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data and to determine the frequencies and prevalences of specific sleep disorders. RESULTS: The sample had a mean age of 59.1 ± 11.6 years (60.2% male); mean time since ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Factor analysis of the pittsburgh sleep quality index in breast cancer survivors. AU - Otte, Julie L.. AU - Rand, Kevin L.. AU - Carpenter, Janet S.. AU - Russell, Kathleen M.. AU - Champion, Victoria L.. PY - 2013/3/1. Y1 - 2013/3/1. N2 - Context: Sleep is a significant problem in breast cancer survivors (BCS) and measured frequently using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Thus, it is important to evaluate its factor structure. The two-process model of sleep regulation was the theoretical framework for this study. Objectives: To perform a confirmatory factor analysis of the PSQI in BCS and compare results between African-American and Caucasian BCS. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data using local and regional health care facilities and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group referrals. The study included 1174 nondepressed BCS (90% Caucasian), with a mean age of 57 years and median PSQI global scores at the cutoff for poor sleep (median = 6.00, ...
Sleep disorders are a risk factor for developing a variety of mental disorders, have a negative impact on their remission rates and increase the risk of relapse. Early identification and treatment of sleep disorders is therefore of paramount importance. Unfortunately, in mental health care sleep disorders are often poorly recognized and specific treatment frequently occurs late or not at all. This protocol-paper presents a randomized controlled trial investigating the clinical relevance of early detection and treatment of sleep disorders in mental health care. The two aims of this project are 1) to determine the prevalence of sleep disorders in different mental disorders, and 2) to investigate the contribution of early identification and adequate treatment of sleep disorders in individuals with mental disorders to their sleep, mental disorder symptoms, general functioning, and quality of life. Patients newly referred to a Dutch mental health institute for psychiatric treatment will be screened for sleep
sleep disorder centers des moines ia sleep apnea aids central apnea sleep disorders in adults dr. maas sleep disorders stop snoring hypnosis sleep disorder child sleep disorder questionnaire sleep disorders uk ways to stop snoring Sleep disorders can be effectively treated or managed once correctly diagnosed . Using Research and...
In the United States as many as forty million people suffer from chronic long term sleep disorders while as many as twenty million have occasional sleep disorders. Good health requires sleep, even though this phenomenon is not completely understood by scientists and medical professionals yet. Sleeps disorders have three major types and one of them is insomnia sleep disorder.. Insomnia is a very common sleep problem that is experienced by millions on occasion and it means a person is not able to fall asleep. A person with insomnia will have a disruption of normal daily life and they will often feel tired most of the time and end up worrying about their lack of sleep. Insomnia sleep disorder can be caused by a number of factors including excessive intake of caffeine or alcohol, emotional difficulties, stress and other underlying diseases. Lack of sleep isnt a disorder in itself, but it is an indication of inadequate sleep and can harm the immune system.. There are three categories of insomnia ...
Sleep research and sleep medicine have grown rapidly over the last thirty years, partly as a result of the discovery that REM (rapid eye movement) sleep coincided with dreaming and partly because of the discovery of sleep apnea (breathing stopping during sleep). Countries vary in how they deal with sleep disorders; in the U.S. sleep medicine is recognised as a field and it is looked after by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute; other medical specialities e.g. neurology, pulmonology, psychiatry, may be influential in other countries. The sleep disorders category is broadly divided into sub-categories that deal with the specific sleep disorders as well as the institutions that regulate, diagnose and treat these disorders. Sleep is affected by the brains biological clock and so is included in this category. Shift-work sleep disorder and jet-lag are well-known problems that reflect the activity of the biological clock. This category consists of some of the major omnibus sites (SleepNet,
Do YOU Have A Sleep Disorder? is one of the many Sleep Disorders tips at LifeTips. Find related Sleep Disorders advice in the Common Sleep Disorders category.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sleep disorders and secondhand smoke exposure in the U.S. population. AU - Davila, Evelyn P.. AU - Lee, David J. AU - Fleming, Lora E.. AU - LeBlanc, William G.. AU - Arheart, Kristopher. AU - Dietz, Noella. AU - Lewis, John E. AU - McCollister, Kathryn. AU - Caban-Martinez, Alberto J. AU - Bandiera, Frank. PY - 2010/2/4. Y1 - 2010/2/4. N2 - Introduction: Sleep disorders in the United States are pervasive and have been linked to increased risk of injury, morbidity, and mortality. Smoking is a known risk factor for sleep disorders; the association between secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and sleep disorders is less clear. We sought to examine the relationship between SHS exposure and sleep disorders among a representative sample of U.S. adults (n = 4,123). Methods: Data were from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Multivariable logistic regression models examined the association between both smoking and SHS exposure with two measures of sleep disorder ...
14% and 21% decrease in their respective global PSQI scores. The proportion of Virta patients characterized as poor sleepers decreased by 12% and 29% in the type 2 diabetes and prediabetes groups, respectively. Patients who continued their usual care had no significant changes in self-reported sleep.. Sleep has a substantial impact on the overall health of people with type 2 diabetes, said Dr. Christa Van Dort, Assistant Professor of Anesthesia at Harvard Medical School, the studys senior author. With that in mind, it is promising that the Virta Treatment improved patients subjective sleep as indicated by significantly lower global PSQI scores in addition to improving their diabetes.. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has declared insufficient sleep a public health epidemic. T2D and obesity are frequently associated with poor sleep quality as well as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and improvement in sleep is associated with increased insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance ...
Theravive - Therapy News And Blogging - Sleep disturbances are common in the United States population. Harvard Health Publications (2009), estimate that sleep problems are prevalent in at least 50% of patients receiving psychiatric treatment. This can be compared to the general population in which about 10% report sleep problems. What is not entirely clear is whether or not sleep disturbance is a symptom or a risk factor for mental health presentations.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sleep disturbance is associated with cardiovascular and metabolic disorders. AU - Grandner, Michael A.. AU - Jackson, Nicholas J.. AU - Pak, Victoria M.. AU - Gehrman, Philip R.. PY - 2012/8/1. Y1 - 2012/8/1. N2 - Existing research has demonstrated associations between sleep duration and obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and mortality. Sleep disorders research has shown that sleep apnoea, insomnia and other sleep disorders confer risk for cardiometabolic disease, particularly in the presence of reduced sleep duration. The aim of the present study was to examine the associations between general sleep disturbance, operationalized as difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or sleeping too much as measured in a large, nationally representative sample, and self-reported history of myocardial infarction, stroke, coronary artery disease, diabetes and obesity. Data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were analysed. Complete data were available for 138201 ...
Many of us toss and turn or watch the clock when we cant sleep for a night or two. But for some, a restless night is routine.. More than 40 million Americans suffer from chronic, long-term sleep disorders, and an additional 20 million report sleeping problems occasionally, according to the National Institutes of Health.. Stress and anxiety may cause sleeping problems or make existing problems worse. And having an anxiety disorder exacerbates the problem.. Sleep disorders are characterized by abnormal sleep patterns that interfere with physical, mental, and emotional functioning. Stress or anxiety can cause a serious night without sleep, as do a variety of other problems.. Insomnia is the clinical term for people who have trouble falling asleep, difficulty staying asleep, waking too early in the morning, or waking up feeling unrefreshed.. Other common sleep disorders include sleep apnea (loud snoring caused by an obstructed airway), sleepwalking, and narcolepsy (falling asleep spontaneously). ...
Aim This study examined sleep difficulties, pain and stress among women undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer(CC).. Methods Perceived distress was assessed with Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Sleep quailty was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Pain severity and interference were assessed using the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), while frequency of cancer-associated pain was assessed with a single item from the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colorectal Cancer (FACT-CC) scale Participants were assessed immediately prior to surgery and then 4-6 weeks following surgery.. Results Participants were 68 women who completed at least the PSQI at presurgery, 36 to 85 tears old ( M = 61.12, SD = 9.18). Clinically significant sleep disturbance was evident was evident in 48% of participants prior to surgery, 57% showed clinically significant sleep disturbance was associated with greater stress (p < 0.01), cancer pain frequency (p < 0.01) and pain interference (p < 0.01). ...
Methods Case control study including 47 patients diagnosed with JIA. The diagnosis of JIA was made according to the criteria of the International League of Association of Rheumatology (ILAR), and 47 healthy children, age and sex matched. Sleep was assessed by questionnaire CSHQ (childrens sleep habits questionnaire). All parents have filled the 45 items of the CSHQ, grouped into eight subscales: (1) bedtime resistance, (2) sleep onset delay, (3) sleep duration, (4) sleep anxiety, (5) sleep-disordered breathing, (6) night Wakings, (7) parasomnias, (8) morning wakening/daytime sleepiness. The disease activity was assessed by the number of painful joints, swelling, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and c-protein reactive. Functional assessment was based on the value of CHAQ Arabic validated. Pain was assessed by visual analog scale pain (VAS).. ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Concerns regarding sleep disorders in Hmong immigrants in the US emerged when an astonishingly high mortality rate of Sudden Unexplained Nocturnal Death Syndrome (SUNDS) was documented in Hmong men. Stress, genetics, and cardiac abnormalities interacting with disordered sleep were hypothesized as contributing factors to SUNDS. Most recently, sleep apnea has been implicated in nighttime deaths of Brugada Syndrome. This syndrome is thought to comprise a spectrum of sudden cardiac death disorders, including SUNDS. However, little research since has placed SUNDS in its context of Hmong cultural beliefs, health, or the prevalence of other sleep disorders. Because the epidemiology of sleep disorders and terrifying nighttime experiences in Hmong is poorly documented, we investigated the prevalence and correlates of sleep apnea, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep stage related disorders, and insomnia in 3 population-based samples (collected from 1996 to 2001) comprising 747 Hmong
Preterm birth refers to the birth of a baby of less than 37 weeks gestational age. According to background information from the study, preterm birth is the leading cause of infant morbidity due to increased respiratory disease, neonatal infections, neurodevelopmental impairments and infant mortality. It is a major public health priority and the most common adverse pregnancy outcome. The rate of preterm births in the United States has increased from nine to 12 per cent in the last 25 years. Sleep disturbances are a common complaint in pregnancy and can result from a variety of physiological, hormonal and metabolic changes. The study participants included 166 pregnant women who were non-smokers and free of medications or conditions that might affect the study results. Self-reported questionnaires - including the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), an 18-item questionnaire used to measure sleep quality over the previous month - were administered at 14 to 16, 24 to 26, and 30 to 32 weeks ...
Sustained impact of a sleep intervention and moderators of treatment outcome for children with ADHD: a randomised controlled trial. Sciberras E, Mulraney M, Mensah F, Oberklaid F, Efron D, Hiscock H. Psychol Med. 2019 Jan 18:1-10. doi: 10.1017/S0033291718004063.. Guest Commentary by Dr. Margaret Weiss: A two-session intervention is effective in improving sleep hygiene.. ABSTRACT. BACKGROUND: We aim to (1) determine whether a behavioural sleep intervention for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) leads to sustained benefits; and (2) examine the factors associated with treatment response.. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial of 244 children (5-13 years) with ADHD from Victoria, Australia. All participants had a moderate/severe sleep problem that met American Academy of Sleep Medicine criteria for an eligible sleep disorder by parent report. The two-session intervention covered sleep hygiene and standardized behavioural strategies. The control group ...
Hormonal factors, pain syndromes, and psychological issues, most particularly depression, are common concerns when addressing sleep dysfunction in women. Poor sleep quality and inadequate sleep affect many of the measures of quality of life.
This small exploratory study supports previous findings that self-reported sleep disturbance predicted exacerbation of next-day symptoms in women with IBS and extends this relationship using an objective sleep measure, the study concluded, which was led by Diana Taibi Buchanan, Ph.D. The study adds further evidence that sleep quality predicts subsequent IBS symptoms, but not the converse. The findings from this small study support the importance of additional longitudinal research to further understand the relationships between sleep and IBS ...
There are more than 80 classified sleep problems. Learn about the primary sleep disorders, and how secondary sleep disorders are different.
Sleep Disorders, Read about Sleep Disorders symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. Also read Sleep Disorders articles about how to live with Sleep Disorders, and more.
Sleep Disorders, Read about Sleep Disorders symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. Also read Sleep Disorders articles about how to live with Sleep Disorders, and more.
National Sleep Solutions is an Accredited Sleep Disorder Center that can diagnose and treat pediatric sleep disorders.Call 1-888-884-9493.
Developing new scientists in sleep, circadian biology, and sleep disorders research is a major undertaking. The Center administers sleep and circadian research training and career development programs serving institutions and postdoctoral individuals nationwide.. As part of its efforts to ensure that research advances are utilized by health care providers, the Center has supported the development of medical school sleep disorder curricula and durable educational materials. A Sleep Academic Award (SAA) program - which was conducted in three concurrent cycles from 1996 to 2002 - improved the quality of medical school education on sleep disorders at 20 sites nationwide. A subsequent funding opportunity is supporting research to develop sleep education programs for patients and caregivers.. View the full listing of projects on NIH RePORTER funded through the SAA program. ...
Sleep problems are associated with increased risk of physical and mental illness. Identifying risk factors is an important method of reducing public health impact. We examined the association between maternal postnatal depression (PND) and offspring adolescent sleep problems.The sample was derived from Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) participants. A sample with complete data across all variables was used, with four outcome variables. A sensitivity analysis imputing for missing data was conducted (n = 9633).PND was associated with increased risk of sleep problems in offspring at ages 16 and 18 years. The most robust effects were sleep problems at 18 years [adjusted odds ratio (OR) for a 1 s.d. increase in PND, 1.26, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15-1.39, p | 0.001] and waking more often (adjusted OR 1.14, 95% CI 1.05-1.25, p = 0.003). This remained after controlling for confounding variables including antenatal depression and early sleep problems in infancy.PND is associated
Brief disturbances during sleep like those seen in sleep apnea patients may interfere with our ability to consolidate memories, a new study says.
Most people understand the important restorative value of sleep. However, the detrimental effects of sleep disorders are not as plainly understood and discussed.. Sleep disturbance is found in as many as 40% of individuals who have sustained a brain injury. Common sleep disorders include sleep apnea, difficulty falling asleep, difficulty staying asleep, difficulty awaking, and difficulty in achieving beneficial cycling between the various stages of sleep. This post will discuss a few key sleep disorders, the ramifications of sleep disorders, and proper and improper solutions.. Sleep Apnea. Snoring is the most obvious indication of sleep apnea, however snoring is not conclusive of sleep apnea. In fact, the only way to determine the presence of sleep apnea is through polysomnography (a sleep study). While there are devices that offer detection via headbands and other mechanisms, our research has shown that these devices are quite inaccurate and miss the majority of individuals with sleep ...
The Sleep Disorders Clinic at Childrens Hospital & Medical Center can provide diagnosis, management and treatment of your childs sleep problems so he or she can get the vital sleep he or she needs for normal growth and development. The Sleep Disorders Clinic is staffed by the pediatric pulmonologists at Childrens.
snoring male treatment snoring mouthpiece tongue sleep apnea cure my snoring solution review problems childrens sleep disorders snore doctor apnea cure snoring causes risks childrens sleep disorders snoring pillow fda approved Sleep disorders in children can be worrisome and often even elusive of detection . Stanford Sleep and Dreams shines...
Spotting and Diagnosing Child Sleep Apnea is one of the many Sleep Disorders tips at LifeTips. Find related Sleep Disorders advice in the Sleep Apnea category.
The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between sleep disorders and the behavior of subjects with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and control subjects using specific questionnaires. A small percentage (1.8%) of the control subjects had symptoms indicative of sleep-breathing disorders (SBD) and nocturnal sweating. Fifty-nine percent of the subjects with ASD had symptoms indicative of at least one sleep disorder, with SBD the most commonly reported (38%). In the control group, the symptoms of SBD were correlated with social, thought, attentional, aggression, externalizing and behavioral problems. In the ASD group, disorders of arousal (DA) were correlated with thinking problems, and disorders of excessive somnolence were correlated with thinking and behavioral problems. These results suggest that children and adolescents with ASD have a high frequency of sleep disorders, which in turn correlate with some of the behavioral traits that they already exhibit. Furthermore, sleep ...
You may have some symptoms of a sleep disorder. In this guide, we explain the most common sleep disorders and speak to a certified sleep coach for advice.
Sleep dysfunction is one of the primary symptoms reported by patients with psychiatric disorders, and specifically those suffering from anxiety and depressive disorders. Conversely, primary insomnia and other sleep disorders produce symptoms of mood disturbance that are quite similar to those reported by patients with psychiatric disorders.
Table of Content:. Market Overview: The report begins with this section where product overview and highlights of product and application segments of the Global Sleep Disorder Market are provided. Highlights of the segmentation study include price, revenue, sales, sales growth rate, and market share by product.. Competition by Company: Here, the competition in the Worldwide Global Sleep Disorder Market is analyzed, By price, revenue, sales, and market share by company, market rate, competitive situations Landscape, and latest trends, merger, expansion, acquisition, and market shares of top companies.. Company Profiles and Sales Data: As the name suggests, this section gives the sales data of key players of the Global Sleep Disorder Market as well as some useful information on their business. It talks about the gross margin, price, revenue, products, and their specifications, type, applications, competitors, manufacturing base, and the main business of key players operating in the Global Sleep ...
These findings from a large, population-based study provide prospective evidence that people who are anxious by nature are predisposed to sleep disturbances, the researchers said.. They analyzed data from the longitudinal Health and Social Support study with a representative sample of the Finnish population. The analysis included 19,199 respondents who completed a survey both at baseline in 1998 and five years later.. At baseline, participants fell into four age groups - 20 to 24, 30 to 34, 40 to 44, or 50 to 54 - and 13% reported sleep disturbances. At follow-up, 11% reported new-onset sleep disturbances.. Liability to anxiety, indicated by a general feeling of stressfulness (as measured by the Reeder stress inventory) and symptoms of sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity, was strongly linked to disturbed sleep, the researchers said.. Men and women with the highest levels of general stress on a day-to-day basis were 2.4 times more likely to develop new-onset sleep disturbances compared with ...
The study involved 93 people with this type of sleep disorder who had no signs of a neurodegenerative disease, such as dementia or Parkinsons disease. The participants were followed for an average of five years. During that time, 26 of the people developed a neurodegenerative disease. Fourteen developed Parkinsons disease, 11 developed dementia and were diagnosed with either Alzheimers disease or Lewy body dementia. One person developed multiple system atrophy, a rare disorder that affects movement, blood pressure and other body functions.. The estimated five-year risk of developing a neurodegenerative disease was 18 percent, with the 10-year risk at 41 percent and the 12-year risk at 52 percent.. These results are obviously of great interest to people who have this sleep disorder and their physicians and families, said study author Ronald B. Postuma, MD of McGill University in Montreal, Canada, who carried out the studies at the sleep disorders center at the Sacre Coeur hospital, ...
Background: Treatment of sleep disorders in visually impaired children is complicated by a complex pathophysiology, a high incidence of sleep disorders in this population, and a dearth of management options. The significant impact on the health of these children and distress to their caregivers warrant a systematic assessment of the published literature on therapeutic approaches. Objective: This systematic review aims to assess the current therapeutic options in the management of sleep disorders in visually impaired children to identify knowledge gaps and guide future research. Methods: A search of primary literature was conducted using the bibliographic databases PubMed (1980-August 2010), EMBASE (1990-August 2010), Science Citation Index Expanded (1990-August 2010), and CINHAL (1992-August 2010) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL). Additional studies were identified through snowballing search techniques (manually by searching retrieved references and electronically by
Find sleep disorder therapists, psychologists and sleep disorder counselors in Dallas, Texas. Search now for detailed listings and contact a sleep disorder therapist in Dallas that fits your needs!
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Estrogen levels determine body fat distribution, and in women that fat is stored on our hips, bottom, abdomen and thighs. Fat cells manufacture and store estrogen. During the peri-menopausal years (the 10 to 15 years before menstruation ceases) and menopause (defined as one year with no periods), it is common for women to suffer a multitude of hormonal complaints. Menstrual irregularities, weight gain, hot flashes, uterine fibroids, night sweats and sleep disturbances are common complaints during this time in a womans life.. Most would think these symptoms are associated with a decline in estrogen, but they are also hallmark symptoms of low thyroid, especially night sweats and insomnia. The conventional medical treatment for menopausal women is hormone replacement therapy with estrogen (ie. Premarin derived from a pregnant horses urine) for these symptoms. And peri-menopausal women may be put on the birth control pill.. The problem with these treatments is that they can cause increased blood ...
~Sleep disturbances, including obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), are common in children and can result in significant health problems if left untreated.
Pediatric sleep disorders represent highly common phenomena that often interfere with daily patient and family functioning. Interest in and treatment of sleep disturbances in youth continues to increase, but research continues to lag.
Sleep disorders are one of the most commonly self-reported comorbidities of adults with ADHD, affecting 50 to 70 percent of them. A team of British researchers set out to see whether this association could be further confirmed with objective sleep measures, using cognitive function tests and electroencephalography (EEG). Measured as theta/beta ratio, EEG slowing is … Whats the Relationship Between Daytime Sleepiness and Cognitive Functioning in Adults with ADHD? Read More ». ...
Looking for Sleep Disorder Specialists in Woodland Hills? We have compiled a list of businesses and services around Woodland Hills that should help you with your search. We hope this page helps you find Sleep Disorder Specialists in Woodland Hills.
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TriStar StoneCrest Medical Centers sleep center in Rutherford County offers a comprehensive approach to the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders in adults and children. The center offers a home-like atmosphere designed to make you feel as comfortable as possible during evaluation.. Additionally, our physicians are certified by the American Board of Sleep Medicine. They provide a thorough medical assessment that can help identify the source of sleep-related issues. In many cases, proper evaluation and treatment can help you return to a normal sleeping pattern and remove the stress, anxiety and serious health risks associated with sleep disorders.. ...
Can snoring be fatal? Sleep apnea, snoring, TMJ and other sleep disorders can put you in danger. Call Dr. Ron Perkins and find out how he can help you. His offices are in Dallas and Rockwall, Texas.
Schizophrenic patients commonly suffer from sleep disorders which are associated with acute disease severity, worsening prognoses and a poorer quality of life. Research is attempting to disentangle the complex interplay between schizophrenia and sleep disturbances by focusing not only on demographic and clinical characteristics, but also on the identification of genetic factors. Here, we performed a systematic literature review on the topic of genetic variations in sleep-disordered schizophrenic patients in an attempt to identify high quality investigations reporting scientifically sound and clinically useful data. For this purpose, we conducted a thorough search of PubMed, ScienceDirect and GoogleScholar databases, according to the guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) protocol. Our search yielded 11 eligible studies. Certain genetic variations were reported to be associated with schizophrenia-related sleep disorders. Antipsychotic-induced ...
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic and debilitating condition that affects up to 6.8% of the United States general population.1-4 This disorder is characterized by specific symptoms that may develop after an individual suffers a traumatic event.3 The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) groups these symptoms into four clusters: intrusion/re-experiencing, avoidance, negative alterations in cognition and mood, and alterations in arousal or activity (hyperarousal).5 Depending on the source, sleep disturbances such as nightmares may be considered either an intrusive or hyperarousal symptom. Sleep disturbances are common in patients suffering from PTSD4-7 and up to 70% of veterans report trauma related sleep disturbances.3 Sleep disturbances can manifest in a variety of ways. Commonly reported sleep disturbances in patients with PTSD include nightmares, anxiety provoking dreams, frequent awakenings, difficulty falling asleep (sleep ...
This is the first study to examine the long-term outcomes of sleep problems in a community sample of infants, together with the long-term impact of a behavioral sleep intervention on infant sleep problems. Sleep problems were identified in approximately one third of the 3- to 4-year-old children surveyed, all of whom had had significant sleep problems as infants. These children at 3 to 4 years were more likely to need an adult to nurse them to sleep. They also had higher Internalizing and Externalizing Scores and Aggressive Behavior and Somatic Problems subscale scores of the CBCL than children without sleep problems. Their mothers had higher EPDS scores as well as difficulties with their partner undermining the management of their child. Despite this, the children and their families were generally functioning well, and 69% of mothers reported that their childs sleep problem had resolved from infancy. The resolution of sleep problems in children who had received an infant sleep intervention was ...
Sleep disturbances are common following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Biological, psychological and social aetiological factors have been identified, with consequences of sleep disturbances including mood disturbances and exacerbation of cognitive difficulties, with potential impacts on rehabilitation outcomes. Therefore, gaining a better understanding of sleep disturbances post-TBI is necessary to inform appropriate interventions and evaluate their efficacy. There is limited research into the efficacy of interventions for sleep disturbances post-TBI. However, the use of medications can be problematic due to their impacts on cognitive functioning, thus alternatives should be considered. The first section of this work presents a narrative review which outlines the biological, psychological and social factors which influence the development and maintenance of sleep disturbance post-TBI and justifying the use of cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) in the management of sleep ...
Our study demonstrated that 53 % of patients with COPD in our cohort had poor sleep quality (PSQI score , 5). A high prevalence of poor sleep quality in patients with COPD has been reported in previous studies [1, 2, 8]. In a recent real-world study, 78 % of patients with COPD reported night time disturbances as measured by the Jenkins Sleep Questionnaire [21]. In a telephone study, Ohayon reported COPD subjects had higher insomnia symptoms than non-COPD subjects (48.1 versus 27.6 % respectively) [22].. Our study also confirmed sleep disturbances, as well as cough and dyspnea, as major concerns in patients with COPD. Some researchers suggest that poor sleep quality might result in cognitive dysfunction, depression, anxiety, poor survival and poor quality of life [7]. Determining which factors are associated with sleep disturbances in patients with COPD may improve their treatment strategy.. A high prevalence of sleep symptoms among patients with COPD was discovered approximately thirty years ago ...
Sleep disorders and epileptic seizures are of higher prevalence in those with multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease that affects the nervous system. Multiple studies have shown higher prevalence of other co-morbid disorders in those with multiple sclerosis, including sleep disorders and epileptic seizures.. One study conducted a large scale review of other research in regards to multiple sclerosis, sleep disorders and epileptic seizures. They evaluated 32 studies regarding seizures and 18 studies involving sleep disorders. Prevalence of seizures in multiple sclerosis patients was 2.28 percent and sleep disorders was 1.6 percent for narcolepsy, 14.5 - 57.5 percent for restless leg syndrome, 2.22 - 3.2 percent for REM behavior disorder and 7.14 - 58.1 percent for obstructive sleep apnea.. The review of the literature revealed that there are higher occurrences of sleep disorders and seizures in those with multiple sclerosis. The review acknowledged gaps in the research and ...
European Journal of Psychotraumatology. Catrin Lewis, Katie Lewis, Neil Kitchiner, Samantha Isaac , Ian Jones & Jonathan I. Bisson. https://doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2020.1767349. Abstract. Background: Sleep disturbance has been described as a hallmark symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although there are robust findings of self-reported sleep disturbance in PTSD, evidence of sleep disturbance measured using actigraphy is less certain.. Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine whether there are any significant differences between individuals with and without PTSD in actigraph-derived sleep measures.. Method: Case-control studies comparing participants with current PTSD to those without PTSD were eligible for inclusion. Sleep parameters of interest were: (1) total sleep time; (2) sleep onset latency; (3) wake after sleep onset (WASO); and (4) sleep efficiency. Data were meta-analysed as standardised mean differences (SMDs) and potential sources of ...
The sleep disturbance in fibromyalgia is characterized as non-restorative in nature, and is defined as a feeling of light sleep, independent of duration, and as non-refreshing. As such, these patients wake up in the morning and complain of stiffness and overall aching of the body.. It is well known that reciprocal relationship exist between sleep and pain, with sleep disturbances being an important contributor to morbidity in fibromyalgia. Milnacipran, a selective serotonin norepinephrine receptor inhibitor (SNRI)), was approved by the FDA for the management of fibromyalgia. Although milnacipran has extensively been studied in fibromyalgia patients, but there is no objective measure, i.e., the use of overnight polysomnography, to determine its effects on sleep.. The study is meant to explore the effects of milnacipran, versus placebo, on sleep in patients with fibromyalgia as measured by overnight PSGs. The study will also involve important domains of fibromyalgia etiology: sleep disturbance, ...
TUESDAY, Aug. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep disorders during pregnancy may increase the risk of preterm birth, a new study finds.. The California research looked at 2,265 pregnant women who were diagnosed with a sleep disorder, such as insomnia or sleep apnea. They were compared to a control group of pregnant women without a sleep disorder diagnosis but with similar maternal risk factors for preterm birth, such as a previous preterm birth, smoking during pregnancy, or high blood pressure. The rate of preterm birth was 14.6 percent among women with sleep disorders and 10.9 percent among the control group. Preterm birth is defined as delivery before 37 weeks gestation.. The risk of delivery before 34 weeks gestation was more than double among women with sleep apnea and nearly double among those with insomnia, according to the study.. It was published Aug. 8 in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology.. Treating sleep disorders could help reduce the preterm birth rate, which stands at about 10 ...
Although sleep patterns change with age, it is the change in the ability to sleep that precipitates sleep complaints in older adults. Waking not rested, waking too early, trouble falling asleep, daytime napping, nocturnal waking, and difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep are among the chief sleep complaints of older adults. The consequences of poor sleep include difficulty sustaining attention, slowed response time, difficulty with memory, and decreased performance. Both medical and psychiatric conditions as well as the medications used to treat them lead to sleep complaints in older adults. Circadian rhythm disturbances and primary sleep disorders may also result in sleep complaints. Appropriate treatment may be dictated by severity of symptoms and concurrent medications. Efficacious pharmacologic interventions are the nonbenzodiazepine hypnotics zolpidem, zaleplon, and eszopiclone. Two new agents, ramelteon, which was recently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in ...
Inadequate sleep during childhood is an invisible phenomenon that fails to receive attention from primary care providers until it interferes with the childs behavior, mood, or performance.1-4 Community and multi-site studies have consistently reported that up to 20% to 25% of US children and adolescents experience a range of sleep problems.5-10 Inadequate sleep takes many forms: difficulty with sleep onset, length, or circadian rhythms with resulting daytime sleepiness experienced by otherwise healthy children; disturbed sleep associated with acute and chronic illness; and primary sleep disorders. The least attention has been paid to the first group, and there is little consensus about the second.. Normative requirements for adequate sleep based on epidemiologic and laboratory studies11-13 reflect the need for progressively less sleep by developmental stage with averages of 10 hours for 5- to 13-year-olds (declining from 11.1 at 5 years to 9.0 hours at 13 years) and 8 to 9 hours for adolescents ...
Modus Five has launched a new educational and user-friendly multimedia software program called Sleep Disorder: a Patient Education Multimedia Course. The software program presents helpful information by using rich graphics, interactive content, videos and animations.. Dr. Aaron Morse from Central Coast Sleep Disorders Center in Santa Cruz, Calif. has practiced sleep medicine for 30 years and helped supervise the programs development. This software, developed by sleep professionals employs animation, video interviews and good content in a user friendly and interactive way. It should go a long way towards raising awareness that sleep disorders are common and treatable.. The software program offers step-by-step lessons on obstructive sleep apnea, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy, and delayed sleep-phase syndrome, which are among the most common sleep-related conditions affecting millions of people world-wide. Patients, physicians, nurses, medical educators and health care ...
Although the amount of sleep you get each day is important, other aspects of your sleep also contribute to your health and well-being. Good sleep quality is also essential. Signs of poor sleep quality include not feeling rested even after getting enough sleep, repeatedly waking up during the night, and experiencing symptoms of sleep disorders (such as snoring or gasping for air). Improving sleep quality may be helped by better sleep habits or being diagnosed and treated for any sleep disorder you may have.. ...
DISCUSSION. The present study confirmed that poorer subjective sleep quality is related to greater unstimulated sexual arousal, and that this relation was mostly driven by men with higher T levels and women with higher T levels not taking oral contraception. These findings extend previous ones showing that 1) severity of womens subjective sleep problems correlated with greater fantasy-induced subjective sexual arousal25, 2) perceived genital arousal was greater, when the duration of sleep was shorter in the previous night26, and 3) sleep deprivation in men increased erections in response to erotica23 and visual attention to images of women24. Our findings are also consistent with studies in male rats showing that unstimulated erections are facilitated by REM sleep deprivation11,12, a consequence of general sleep deprivation.. As predicted, severity of sleep problems correlated with unstimulated arousal only in the male and female groups with higher T levels. The facilitating role of T in ...
DISCUSSION. The present study confirmed that poorer subjective sleep quality is related to greater unstimulated sexual arousal, and that this relation was mostly driven by men with higher T levels and women with higher T levels not taking oral contraception. These findings extend previous ones showing that 1) severity of womens subjective sleep problems correlated with greater fantasy-induced subjective sexual arousal25, 2) perceived genital arousal was greater, when the duration of sleep was shorter in the previous night26, and 3) sleep deprivation in men increased erections in response to erotica23 and visual attention to images of women24. Our findings are also consistent with studies in male rats showing that unstimulated erections are facilitated by REM sleep deprivation11,12, a consequence of general sleep deprivation.. As predicted, severity of sleep problems correlated with unstimulated arousal only in the male and female groups with higher T levels. The facilitating role of T in ...
According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, approximately 40 million people in the United States suffer from chronic long-term sleep disorders. Further, an additional 20 million people experience occasional sleep problems.. Sleep disorders can vary widely in their presentation from person to person. As a result of these differences and the skillsets required to best treat patients, the Neurology Center of Fairfax established the Sleep Diagnostic & Treatment Center. Bringing together an experienced team that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of the full range of sleep disorders, the Sleep Diagnostic & Treatment Center provides the highly skilled innovative clinical care that these patients deserve.. Our sleep center is fully accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, a distinction held by only 7% of sleep laboratories in the U.S. Once a sleep problem has been identified, a customized treatment plan will be designed. Our sole focus is on improving ...
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that sleep disorders are relevant to the risk of ischaemic stroke and ischaemic heart disease events in older men. DESIGN: A cohort study. SETTING: The Caerphilly cohort, a representative population sample of older men in South Wales, UK. PARTICIPANTS: 1986 men aged 55-69 years completed a questionnaire on sleep patterns with help from their partners. This asked about symptoms of disturbed sleep: insomnia, snoring, restless legs, obstructive sleep apnoea, and about daytime sleepiness. During the following 10 years 107 men experienced an ischaemic stroke and 213 had an ischaemic heart disease event. MAIN RESULTS: Up to one third of the men reported at least one symptom suggestive of sleep disturbance, and one third reported daytime sleepiness. Compared with men who reported no such symptoms, the adjusted relative odds of an ischaemic stroke were significantly increased in men with any sleep disturbance, the strongest association being with sleep apnoea (relative odds 1
If a sleep study is recommended, you will arrive about 1 hour prior to your normal bedtime. After changing into your own pajamas and following your bedtime routine, the sleep tech places a number of monitoring devices on the head, face and chest to monitor heart, breathing and brain patterns. Throughout the night, the sleep tech is only steps away and can answer any questions or needs throughout the night. In the morning, the sleep tech wakes you up and removes the monitoring devices. You may shower, change clothes, have breakfast in the cafeteria and go to work or home after your sleep study.. Results of the sleep study are interpreted and sent to your physician within one week so treatment can be started quickly.. Sleep evaluations and studies are covered by most insurance. Accessible scheduling and prompt review of reports results in speedy diagnosis and treatment of the problem. Download our Sleep Disorders Center Brochure (pdf).. Download our Sleep Disorders Facts Flyer on Sleep Disorders ...
PSQI was developed to measure sleep quality during the previous month and to discriminate between good and poor sleepers. The self-administered scale contains 15 multiple-choice items that inquire about frequency of sleep disturbances and subjective sleep quality and 4 write-in items that inquire about typical bedtime, wake-up time, sleep latency, and sleep duration. Each component score ranges from 0 (no difficulty) to 3 (severe difficulty). The component scores are summed to produce a global score (range of 0-21). A PSQI global score ,5 is considered to be suggestive of significant sleep disturbance ...
Restful sleep is an essential component of health for human beings. The brain must sleep to function properly and the body must rejuvenate in sleep to stay healthy. Despite the critical role restorative sleep plays, sleep disturbances are very common. Infants and children who awaken unnecessarily at night can disturb parents sleep leading to fatigue and irritability in daily living. Children who dont sleep well can have behavioral and emotional problems that can disrupt pleasant parent/child relationships. Sleep disturbance is very common in many chronic conditions such as anxiety, depression, adhd, asthma, allergies, chronic fatigue, etc. Some parents and children live in a state of persistent unrecognized sleep deprivation which diminishes life enjoyment, and contributes to suboptimal performance in work, school, relationships, etc.. Pediatricians at Canyon View Pediatrics are well training in recognizing and assessing common sleep problems and helping parents and children establish normal ...
Sleep Disorders (Book) : Bayer, Linda N. : Examines various sleep disorders, including primary insomnia, primary hypersomnia, narcolepsy, breathing-related sleep disorder, circadian rhythm sleep disorder, nightmares, and sleepwalking.
Sleep Medicine is a relatively new field of medicine spanning multiple disciplines. The range of healthcare professionals involved in the management of sleep disorders includes Neurologists, Respiratory physicians, Psychiatrists, Psychologists, ENT surgeons, Sleep Technologists and Respiratory Therapists.. Sleep disorders are conditions occurring around and during sleep which disturb normal sleep. Sleep is an important time for rest and restoration of the mind and body. When sleep is disrupted, our health is impaired. Sleep disorders affect the brain and physical functioning, and often worsen existing conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke and depression. People who do not get enough sleep are also at risk of more frequent accidents, and poorer performance at school or work.. People at risk for sleep problems include those with irregular work and sleep schedules, poorly managed stress, depression and anxiety, chronic pain, and diseases of the brain such as ...
One of the recommended natural remedies for sleep disorder is using melatonin supplements. Melatonin supplements are often recommended for different sleep conditions. This is a natural hormone which can regulate the sleep-wake cycle in the human brain. It is used to treat conditions where sleep is disordered because of low levels of melatonin at night, like affective disorders, aging, jet lag, delayed sleep- phase disorder Other natural remedies for sleep disorder include Lavender. This can be used as a relaxing massage before bed or as a tea. A few drops of Lavender oil on your pillow will help to keep you relaxed and sleeping peacefully through the night. Holistic treatments involving herbs have been used for many years and have a long track record of bringing balance back to the body and allowing users to sleep when they need to.. Sometimes a sleeping disorder causes symptoms similar to a tremor. Sleep apnea - This sleep disorder causes loud snoring, gasping, choking, pauses in breathing and ...
Methods: A total of 129 couples (129 husbands and 129 wives) aged 30 to 79 years were included in this study from March, 2009 to February, 2010. The subjects were surveyed using a specific questionnaire. Sleep disorder was defined by a Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index global score greater than 5 (poor sleepers). The subjects were divided into a group of good sleepers (n = 160) and a group of poor sleepers (n = 98). Socio-demographic and clinical covariates including age, sex, depression, spouse sleep disorder, and spouse depression were reported ...
190 JIA patients were treated with abatacept for 4 months in an open-label lead-in period (Period A). ACR Pedi 30 responders (n = 123) were then randomized 1:1 to receive abatacept or placebo for up to 6 months in a double-blind withdrawal period (Period B). HRQOL was assessed by the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ), sleep quality was measured by the Childrens Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ), and pain by a 0-100 mm VAS. Mean change from baseline in each period was calculated and compared between the treatment groups (in Period B), and the change over time was examined. ...
poor sleep - MedHelps poor sleep Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for poor sleep. Find poor sleep information, treatments for poor sleep and poor sleep symptoms.
The objective of the study was to investigate whether school-aged children diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) experience greater sleep disturbance than do normally-developing children. Participants included 33 parents and their children with ADHD (mean age = 10.7 ± 1.7 years) and 33 parents and their children without ADHD (mean age = 10.7 ± 1.6 years). Both parents and their children completed sleep questionnaires developed to assess a number of sleep variables. Based on parental report, the Total Sleep Disturbance score was significantly greater for the ADHD group than for the comparison group. Parents indicated that children with ADHD had significantly more disturbed sleep than did children without ADHD on 8 of the 10 sleep subscales of the Sleep Questionnaire for Parents. These were: Bedtime Resistance, Morning Difficulty, Parasomnias/Other Sleep Disturbance, Restless Legs Syndrome, Sleep Anxiety/Transitioning, Sleep Duration/Quality, Sleep Hygiene, and Sleep Onset.
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) often report poor sleep quality, but they commonly exhibit OSA. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of OSA severity and of estimated glomerular filtration rate impairment on objective sleep quality in nondialyzed patients with CKD, defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73m². METHODS: Polysomnographic sleep characteristics were compared between patients with (n = 430) and without CKD (n = 6,639) in the European Sleep Apnea Database cohort. Comparisons were repeated in 375 patients with CKD and 375 control patients without CKD matched for sleep center, age, sex, and AHI, and in 310 matched CKD and non-CKD patients without psychiatric disturbances. RESULTS: Among all patients with and without CKD, total sleep time was similar but sleep stage N1 (median 8.7% [IQR 4.8-18.0] vs 6.7% [3.6-12.7], respectively) and sleep stage R (12.6% [6.8-17.7] vs 14.2% [8.8-19.8], respectively) significantly ...
Background A scientific understanding of the effects of seasonal changes on sleep duration and sleep problems such as insomnia and hypersomnia has yet to be elucidated; however, such an understanding could aid the establishment of an optimal sleep hygiene program to treat such problems. Methods We investigated the effects of seasonal changes on sleep duration and sleep problems in Japanese community residents. Data on 1,388 individuals aged 15-89 years who participated in the Survey of Seasonal Variations in Food Intakes conducted by the National Institute of Health and Nutrition of Japan (2004-2007) were analyzed. Participants completed a questionnaire including items on sleep duration and sleep problems (difficulty initiating sleep [DIS], difficulty maintaining sleep [DMS]/early morning awakening [EMA], and excessive daytime sleepiness [EDS]). Data were prospectively collected at four time points (spring, summer, fall, and winter). Results Seasonal changes in sleep duration were found, with the
snoring problem health snore relief side effects sleep apnea pregnancy complications information about sleep disorders sleep disorder center boone american sleep disorders association snore headphones heavy snoring in children sleep apnea pregnancy snore stopper tasmania of Americans. Here youll find in-depth sleep apnea information including treatments, causes, and the diagnosis....
Sleep disturbances are routinely encountered in Alzheimers disease (AD) and affect about 25-40% of patients in the mild-to-moderate stages of the disease. In many, sleep pathology may represent a symptom of the underlying neurodegeneration. However, a history of sleep disruption occurring years prior to onset of cognitive symptoms could represent a potential risk factor for AD. The aim of the present narrative review was to evaluate current evidence linking sleep disturbances with AD development and to understand the mechanisms that may contribute to this. Although the mechanisms by which poor sleep may contribute to AD genesis is not fully understood, emerging evidence linking disturbances in the sleep wake cycle with Aβ deposition is shedding light on the relationship between sleep pathology and the subsequent development of AD. Aβ burden appears to be enhanced by sleep-wake cycle disruptions and is suspected as being an important mechanism by which sleep disruptions contribute in AD ...
Sleep disturbances are a common problem among haemodialysis patients, with an estimated prevalence of 50% to 80%.1 The implications of disturbed sleep are substantial; compared with haemodialysis patients who do not report sleep disturbances, poor sleep is independently associated with lower health-related quality of life and an increased relative risk in mortality of 16%.2 As the timing of the dialysis shift may influence sleep-wake … ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sleep disturbances in adults with arthritis. T2 - Prevalence, mediators, and subgroups at greatest risk. Data from the 2007 national health interview survey. AU - Louie, Grant H.. AU - Tektonidou, Maria G.. AU - Caban-Martinez, Alberto J.. AU - Ward, Michael M.. PY - 2011/2/1. Y1 - 2011/2/1. N2 - Objective. To examine the prevalence of sleep disturbances in adults with arthritis in a nationally representative sample, mediators of sleep difficulties, and subgroups of individuals with arthritis at greatest risk. Methods. Using data on US adults ages ≥18 years participating in the 2007 National Health Interview Survey, we computed the prevalence of 3 measures of sleep disturbance (insomnia, excessive daytime sleepiness, and sleep duration ,6 hours) among persons with arthritis. We used logistic regression analysis to examine if the association of arthritis and sleep disturbances was independent of sociodemographic characteristics and comorbidities, and to identify potential ...
Sleep Disorders A sleep disorder can take the form of repeated waking throughout the night; waking in the night and having difficulty getting back to sleep; or finding it difficult to drop off to sleep at the beginning of the night. Quality sleep is vital for physical and mental health, and insufficient quantity and/or quality of sleep leads to irritability and tiredness, and lack of concentration the next day. Recommended nutrients and herbs: • 5HTP increases melatonin levels in the body, which regulates our sleep-wake cycles. If you are a very light sleeper and wake during the night, finding it difficult to fall back asleep, melatonin levels are most likely deficient. Cherry Juice is another great source of melatonin, and is also high in anti-oxidants. • Magnesium is useful if you have trouble getting to sleep at night, as it relaxes the nervous system, and eases any muscle tension. • Herbs such as valerian, chamomile, tulsi, and passionflower help to calm and relax and induce sleep.
The UC Davis Medical Center Sleep Disorders Laboratory is fully accredited by the American Sleep Disorders Association. Patients requiring a sleep study, also known as a polysomnogram, are evaluated in a fully equipped sleep disorders laboratory by certified Sleep Technicians. The lab collaborates with the Department of Otolaryngology and the Internal Medicine Departments Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care.. For more information, please see: ...
Genes may play a significant role in how much sleep we need. Scientists have identified several genes involved with sleep and sleep disorders, including genes that control the excitability of neurons, and clock genes such as Per, tim, and Cry that influence our circadian rhythms and the timing of sleep. Genome-wide association studies have identified sites on various chromosomes that increase our susceptibility to sleep disorders. Also, different genes have been identified with such sleep disorders as familial advanced sleep-phase disorder, narcolepsy, and restless legs syndrome. Some of the genes expressed in the cerebral cortex and other brain areas change their level of expression between sleep and wake. Several genetic models-including the worm, fruit fly, and zebrafish-are helping scientists to identify molecular mechanisms and genetic variants involved in normal sleep and sleep disorders. Additional research will provide better understand of inherited sleep patterns and risks of ...
Think sleep disorders are rare in children? They arent. About half of all children develop some type of sleep disorder and 1-5% have obstructive sleep apnea.
Liver Int. 2014 Feb 10. doi: 10.1111/liv.12485. [Epub ahead of print]. Gencdal G1, Gunsar F, Meral CE, Salman E, Gürsel B, Oruç N, Karasu Z, Ersöz G, Akarca US.. Abstract. INTRODUCTION: Sleep disorders (SDs) are common in cirrhotics and are often associated with hepatic encephalopathy. SDs negatively affect patients daily activities and work efficiency. For this reason, early diognosis is important. The methods used for diagnosis of SDs are not practical and need longer periods of application and evaluation. In this study we aimed to investigate sleep disorders and related clinical parameters in liver cirrhosis and also want to investigate the using of Sleep Timing and Sleep Quality Screening questionnaire (STSQS), a simple form with a short application time, for diagnosis of SDs and its correlation with Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) form.. METHODS: Cirrhotic patients and age-matched healthy volunteers were enrolled. Patients were excluded from the study if they had neuropsychiatric ...
Sleep Disorders Center, with multiple locations, treating snoring, sleep apnea and all types of sleep disorders, plus most central neurologic conditions.
The study objective was to validate the Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire with regard to dimensionality, internal consistency, and construct and criterion validity. Another objective was to provide normative data. Data from the cross-sectional Vasterbotten Environmental Health Study in Sweden were used. The 3406 participants in this study, 18 to 79 years old, constituted a random sample stratified for age and sex. Along with the Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire, the participants responded to the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Shirom Melamed Burnout Questionnaire for assessing construct validity. Factor analyses of the questions in the Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire that relate to nocturnal sleep revealed the dimensions sleep quality, non-restorative sleep, and sleep apnea. A separate factor analysis on the questions regarding day time sleepiness revealed a sleepiness dimension. The sleep quality, non-restorative sleep, and sleepiness dimensions showed ...
13 SLEEP DISORDERS Harrisons Manual of Medicine 13 SLEEP DISORDERS Insomnia Hypersomnias (Disorders of Excessive Daytime Sleepiness) Disorders of Circadian Rhythmicity Bibliography Disorders of sleep are among the most common problems seen by clinicians. More than one-half of adults experience at least occasional insomnia, and 15- 20% have a chronic sleep disturbance. Approach to the…
The public health consequences of sleep loss, night work, and sleep disorders are far from benign. Some of the most devastating human and environmental health disasters have been partially attributed to sleep loss and night shift work-related performance failures, including the tragedy at the Bhopal, India, chemical plant; the nuclear reactor meltdowns at Three Mile Island and Chernobyl; as well as the grounding of the Star Princess cruise ship and the Exxon Valdez oil tanker (NCSDS, 1994; NTSB, 1997; Moss and Sills, 1981; United States Senate Committee on Energy and National Resources, 1986; USNRC, 1987; Dinges et al., 1989). Each of these incidents not only cost millions of dollars to clean up, but also had a significant impact on the environment and the health of local communities.
Sleep architecture, sleep behaviors, and sleep problems change as children progress from infancy to adolescence. The ability to sleep through the night usually does not develop until at least 3 to 6 months of age. Sleep duration also varies by age (Table 1). Insufficient sleep and poor sleep quality may manifest as changes in mood, behavior, memory, and attention. Parents are usually quick to recognize any changes in their childs behavior and mood, and these observations should be ascertained during history taking. Younger children may develop symptoms of hyperactivity, poor impulse control, and neurocognitive dysfunction that includes attentional problems and impaired vigilance. Adolescents who are not getting sufficient sleep may have symptoms of excessive daytime sleepiness, such as falling asleep on … ...
New York, July 15 (IANS) Pregnant women with restless legs syndrome (RLS) are more likely to have poor sleep quality, excessive daytime sleepiness and poor daytime function, researchers say. RLS is a condition characterised by a nearly irresistible urge to move the legs, typically in the evenings.. The results showed that 36 per cent of women in their third trimester experienced RLS, and half of the women with RLS had moderate to severe symptoms, at least four times per week.. While we expected that RLS would be relatively common in pregnant women, we were surprised to observe just how many had a severe form, said lead author Galit Levi Dunietz, post-doctoral research student at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, US. Compared with pregnant women without RLS, those with RLS were twice as likely to report poor sleep quality and poor daytime function, and they were also more likely to have excessive daytime sleepiness. These sleep-wake disturbances are considered common symptoms in ...
Restful sleep is essential for health and well-being. Sleep disturbances may arise from many situational stresses, feeling anxious or sad, from illness or pain, related to night sweats or due to the environment (a nursing baby, a snoring partner or unpredictable noises in the neighborhood). Sleep plays an essential role in our circadian rhythm-around-the-clock timing related to eating, temperature, reproduction and all fundamental processes necessary for the health of all of our tissues.Natural progesterone helps sleep when given in therapy doses (300 mg at bedtime) by mouth as oral micronized progesterone (but not as progesterone cream or even vaginal progesterone). This sleep-inducing effect of progesterone has been proven in controlled trials in men as well as in menopausal women.Progesterone shortens the time to fall asleep, lessens night time awakening and increases total sleep time while not being addicting or causing morning hangover effects. After three months of taking progesterone womens
In recent years the problems with sleep that women may experience have been better appreciated. Women are among the most chronically sleep deprived members of society, with women from age 30-60 averaging just under 7 hours of sleep per night during the week. This is contributed to by a combination of factors, including the multiple roles many women have as wage earner, homemaker and mother. In addition of course, physiological differences due to changing hormone levels add unique issues for women with what we now recognize as an important effect on sleep quality. Studies have shown that hormonal changes in the menstrual cycle can and do interfere with sleep for an average 2-3 days per monthly cycle. The interference with sleep appears due to a bloated feeling but clearly contributed to by other factors. The most marked disturbance occurs during the first few days of menstruation. An second time of disrupted sleep occurs as progesterone levels fall towards the end of the menstrual cycle. There ...
If youve got Parkinsons disease and find it difficult to get to sleep, or stay asleep, youre not alone. 90% of people living with the condition are similarly affected. Identifying the root causes of sleep problems are the first steps to solving the issue. Poor sleep can be due to a number of things. Symptoms of Parkinsons, medicines for controlling it, and poor sleep hygiene all have a role to play. When it comes to sleep, everyones situation is different - depending on their health, their environment, and ideas of comfort. So theres no blueprint for getting a good nights sleep. It takes trial and error to find out what suits you. If youve followed basic sleep hygiene rules and you still have problems, it might be time to try some Parkinsons detective work in partnership with your healthcare professional. Keeping a basic sleep diary can be a good place to start. This will help you develop an understanding of where your main sleep problems are occurring.. Click on the image below to ...
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The US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health report, Effects of Drugs on Sleep, states that: Chronic use or abuse of certain drugs may lead to the development of substance-related sleep disorders. Primary sleep disorders, such as apnea, periodic movement disorders, and parasomnias, may be exacerbated by various drugs.. According to a Harvard Report on how External Factors Influence Sleep, the impact of prescription medications on sleep varies from one type to the next. For instance, beta blockers, which are commonly used to reduce blood pressure, cause decreased slow-wave sleep and in important REM sleep, while increasing sleepiness during the daytime hours. Alpha blockers, also used to reduce blood pressure and to treat some prostate conditions, also lead to decreases in REM sleep as well as boosts to daytime sleepiness. Some antidepressants, known as SSRIs, are believed to actually promote insomnia. The long-term impact of other antidepressant drugs on sleep are, as of ...