This article suggests that scholarship on comics and identity is vulnerable to strong confirmation bias. Engaging with a few common assumptions presented in writing on X-Men comics(1963-1970, 1975-1991) and identity, it offers alternative interpretations on the series engagement with the Cold War, civil rights, individual authenticity, persecution, and the Holocaust. Based on these discussions, the article then offers a few methodological suggestions that might help reduce bias in future studies of comics and identity.
The present study examined the influences of gender-role stereotypes, gender-role congruity, and the sex-typing of the professor job on performance evaluations of university educators in actual classroom settings. Participants used the Schein Descriptive Index (Schein, 1973) to define gender-role stereotypes, characteristics of their professor/instructor, and the characteristics of an Effective Professor. Participants used a behavior summary scale (BSS) formatted student assessment of instruction to evaluate their professors/instructors performance after a full semester of class participation. It was hypothesized that a pro-male bias would exist in the sex-typing of the professor job, and that combined with the gender-role stereotypes of participants and the gender-role congruity of professors/instructors, would influence performance evaluations. In support of hypothesized relationships, results demonstrated that male and female participants hold different gender-role stereotypes of Men and Women,
Statistical Shape Models capture the shape variation of a training set of shapes and can be registered to an image of an object of the class they represent by simple adjustment of their parameters. We have applied statistical shape models of healthy tracheas to the assessment and stenting of tracheal stenosis. The idea is that a model with healthy tracheas only will not be influenced by local geometric variations typical of stenosis. The model produces a shape that is an estimation of the shape of the patients trachea if it were not narrowed. ...
Accurate segmentation of the nasal cavity plays a pivotal role for the creation of patient specific nasal models which are essential for the diagnosis and
To explain the universal phenomenon of confirmation bias, softwarephysics embraces the memetics of Richard Dawkins and Susan Blackmore. Memetics explains that the heavily over engineered brain of Homo sapiens did not evolve simply to enhance the survival of our genes - it primarily evolved to enhance the survival of our memes. Memetics contends that confirmation bias naturally arises in us all because the human mind evolved to primarily preserve the memes it currently stores. That makes it very difficult for new memes to gain a foothold in our stubborn minds. Lets examine this explanation of confirmation bias a little further. In Susan Blackmores The Meme Machine (1999) she explains that the highly over engineered brain of Homo sapiens did not evolve to simply improve the survivability of the metabolic pathways, RNA and DNA of carbon-based life. Instead, the highly over engineered brain of Homo sapiens evolved to store an ever increasing number of ever increasingly complex memes, even to the ...
Carin Smit, founder of the Synapse Africa Neuro-Nutritional Clinic is a C/ Clinical Metal Toxicologist (www.IBCMT.com / www.IAOMT.org) and a Defeat Autism Now! Practitioner with one of her main focal points being the optimization of health through the Metabolic Recovery from dread diseases. Carin Smit is also a qualified AIT (Auditory Integration Training) - Practitioner and Internationally approved Instructor for new AIT practitioners. She aids in the recovery of individuals, especially children who may suffer from a variety of neuro-integrational disorders.
Please, snark, intelligence, and a knowledge of sports? I am so enjoying this. posted by texture on May 27, 2009 at 1:43 PM , link to this , reply ...
The SICAS Medical Image Repository is a freely accessible repository containing medical research data including medical images, surface models, clinical data, genomics data and statistical shape models. The data can freely be organized and shared on SMIR and made publicly accessible with a DOI. Dedicated data sets are organized as collections of anatomical regions (e.g Cochlea). The data can be filtered using a modular search and accessed on the web or through the SMIR API ...
This chapter starts with a brief introduction into model-based segmentation, explaining the basic concepts and different approaches. Subsequently, two segmentation approaches are presented in more detail: First, the method of deformable simplex meshes is described, explaining the special properties of the simplex mesh and the formulation of the internal forces. Common choices for image forces are presented, and how to evolve the mesh to adapt to certain structures. Second, the method of point-based statistical shape models (SSMs) is described. The model construction process is explained and the point correspondence problem is treated in detail. Several approaches of how gray level appearance can be modeled are presented, and search algorithms that use this knowledge to segment the modeled structures in new images are described.
Free and open person profile of Carin Marie Lisa Ribard, who is Representative before the EPO of Sanofi, S.A. and is Representative before the EPO of Sanofi.
Dr. Carin Litani, MD, rated 3.3/5 by patients. 12 reviews, Phone number & practice locations, Dermatologist in Wellesley Hills, MA.
Anteriorly the lingula and anterior medullary velum are cut away and posteriorly the cerebellar tonsils removed. The tela chorioidea and choroid plexus of the roof of the fourth ventricle are exposed. These structures obscure the inferior and intermediate portions of the rhomboid fossa (floor of the ventricle). The superior part of the fossa is visible through the opening cut between the brachia conjunctiva ...
New details about the identity, role, and function of human genes, their modifications resulting in hereditary disorders are constantly emerging. Genetic counseling and examination help to reveal these disorders, and select an efficient method. This process usually starts with a genetic counseling. Genetic counseling if offered in our clinic to infertility patients or couples with a high risk of hereditary disease in an offspring. In the last decade more genetic causes of male and female infertility became known. Different types of genetic examination, such as chromosome screening (karyotype) for both partners, molecular genetic diagnostics, prenatal diagnostics, preimplantation genetic diagnosis are available in our clinic.. ...
The team of scientists headed by Dr. Tim Matthias Strom from the Institute of Human Genetics at the Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Technische Universität München in cooperation with the Medical University of Vienna have identified a new inherited form of Parkinsons* disease. The study was based on the genetic examination of an Austrian family with many affected family members. Using a new sequencing method, named exome sequencing*, a mutation in the VPS35 gene* was identified in all family members diagnosed with the disease. VPS35 forms part of the retromer complex that mediates important tasks in the intracellular transport of proteins.. The same mutation was subsequently identified in two further families. A second study, conducted in Canada, has also described this mutation in four families. Prior to that, VPS35 had been linked with Alzheimers disease. From their findings, the scientists have deduced that the intracellular mechanism with which the retromer controls protein sorting and ...
Does anybody have the sequence data or a good restriction map of pBI 121? Or maybe the reference were I can find it. I also would like to know if there is anybody out there from whom I could get A.tum LBA 4404? Thanks, Carin Jarl Carin Jarl-Sunesson Plant Cell Biology, Lund University P O Box 7007, S-220 07 LUND; SWEDEN ph:+46-46-2220124, fax:+46-46-2224009 email: carin.jarl at plantcell.lu.se ...
1. MS2R in general. "Motivated System 2 Reasoning" (MS2R) refers to the affinity between cultural cognition and conscious, effortful information processing. In psychology, "dual process" theories distinguish betweeen two styles of reasoning. The first, often denoted as "System 1," is rapid, intuitive, and emotion pervaded. The other-typically denoted as "System 2"-is deliberate, conscious, and analytical. The core of an exceedingly successful research program, this conception of dual process reasoning has been shown to explain the prevelance of myriad reasoning biases. From hindsight bias to confirmation bias; from the gamblers fallacy to the sunk-cost fallacy; from probability neglect to the availability effect-all are psotively correlated with over-reliance on heuristic, System 1 reasoning. By the same token, an ability and dispostition to rely instead on the conscious, effortful style associated with System 2 predicts less vulnerability to these cognitive miscues.. A species of motivated ...
When you believe it ethical, at all, to give unsuspecting autistic children an endoscopic colonoscopy (which is as traumatizating as being raped for those not so functional brethren of mine) to test for autism causing bacteria in the colon...and are being paid by companies looking to make a quick buck against an an entire the European health industry...then you have no right to declare that the disorder that I, AND MY BROTHER WERE BORN WITH...to ever have been caused by the contents of a vaccine itself. People like you often search for and only seek out the results you wish to publish...but the problem is that you have confirmation bias with that. Im sorry, but Andrew Wakefield deserved to be stripped of his medical doctorate and license to practice. He accepted a bribe to fudge the results of the research he was already doing ...
News feeds the mother of all cognitive errors: confirmation bias. In the words of Warren Buffett: "What the human being is best at doing is interpreting all new information so that their prior conclusions remain intact." News exacerbates this flaw. We become prone to overconfidence, take stupid risks and misjudge opportunities. It also exacerbates another cognitive error: the story bias. Our brains crave stories that "make sense" - even if they dont correspond to reality. Any journalist who writes, "The market moved because of X" or "the company went bankrupt because of Y" is an idiot. I am fed up with this cheap way of "explaining" the world. ...
He first replaced the spark by a flame. Then he replaced the flame with an incandescent wire (determining that the N-rays increased its brightness but not its temperature), replaced the incandescent wire with sheets of metal heated to a dull red glow, and replaced these with a sheet of white paper illuminated just enough to stand out as a faint gray blur in a dark room. A luminous clock dial illuminated with N-rays gained just enough brightness that you could make out the circle of its face and almost distinguish the hands. By the end of the investigation, the N-rays arent even directed at the glowing object but at the eyes looking at the glowing object. And still an increase in brightness was claimed. Weirdly, by this point, he seems to have abandoned any pretense of finding a plausible physical mechanism for the increase in brightness, much less look for alternative explanations like confirmation bias or the unreliability of human perception. He is just examining all these properties of the ...
Perhaps the greatest barrier to a archetype shift, in some cases, is the absoluteness of archetype paralysis: the disability or abnegation to see above the accepted models of thinking.9 This is agnate to what psychologists appellation Confirmation bias ...
The authors state that their data shows a "clear survival advantage" in those patients who undergo REBOA. Furthermore, this was accomplished without increasing systemic complications. They finally conclude that REBOA should be "strongly considered" for patients in shock due to pelvic trauma.. Not quite so fast here. There are several more factors in play than meet the eye.. First, a study that massages a REBOA database was generally constructed to see if REBOA is beneficial, especially in this time of rapid investigation. And it was performed by institutions who are using it regularly. This could introduce a significant degree of confirmation bias, since we all try to see what we already believe to be true ("REBOA is good").. The authors are basing this "clear survival advantage" on overall mortality where only a few confounding factors have been controlled for. The GCS wild-card here is a perfect example. It could have considerably contributed to mortality in the open group, making it look bad. ...
Its always nice to see evidence that supports your prior beliefs, which is why its important to avoid confirmation bias (seeking out confirming evidence, while ignoring or discounting the other kind). Since this ANU study of voters choices in the leadup to the May election is, AFAICT the only one to be published so far,…
Why would anyone trust the reasoning of a few judges--experts in the law but no more expert than you or I when it comes to evaluating the testimony of medical experts--to the reasoning of thousands of experts in scientific medical research and practice? The answer is obvious and needs no comment from me except as a reminder of how important it is to know something about causal reasoning, confirmation bias, and the power of emotions to drive beliefs. (For those who are interested, I have posted a case study about a mother who became an anti-vaccinationist after her child died and she convinced herself that vaccines killed him.) For the record, Mary Holland is the co-editor of Vaccine Epidemic: How Corporate Greed, Biased Science and Coercive Government Threaten Our Human Rights.. So, on the one side there are those of us who believe the evidence overwhelmingly indicates that vaccines are safe, effective, and essential to public health. We believe that the evidence shows beyond a reasonable doubt ...
Some people claim to have seen the curvature of the Earth out their airplane windows. The glass used in all commercial airplanes, however, is curved to remain flush with the fuselage. This creates a slight effect mixed with confirmation bias people mistake for being the alleged curvature of the Earth. In actuality, the fact that you can see the horizon at eye-level at 35,000 feet out both port/starboard windows proves the Earth is flat. If the Earth were a ball, no matter how big, the horizon would stay exactly where it was and you would have to look DOWN further and further to see the horizon at all. Looking straight out the window at 35,000 feet you should see nothing but "outer-space" from the port and starboard windows, as the Earth/horizon are supposed to be BELOW you. If they are visible at eye level outside both side windows, its because the Earth is flat!"(1). ...
Lydie, RE: "I take it that you are of the opinion that the "breathing on her own" claim is a fake.". No, I do not think it is "fake". Fake implies intentional fabrication. I dont think thats the case here. The only thing Ive seen that I can unequivocally call fakery was Attorney Dolans statement to the press about the MRI he displayed in his 2014 press conference. That was blatant and shameful misrepresentation, as any neurologist or radiologist can confirm. Was it intentional? Im inclined to think so, based on Dolans history.. As for the mothers claims that she is breathing, I think she is deeply, tragically mired in the confirmation bias that grips many families faced with tragic brain injury in a loved one. Ive spent a great deal of time around families trying to cope with these issues and have dealt with it in my own family. Some people veer off the rails in situations like this. I think Nailah truly believes that Jahi didnt die in 2013. She has adjusted her reality so that she can ...
Confirmation bias, rewriting our past and high restaurant prices are all part of how we mistakenly think were smarter than we are, says author David McRaney
From the ignoring natural variation with confirmation bias department Brian Lindauer writes Apparently it IS worse than we thought... A new paper published in Nature purports to find a connection between mid-nineteenth century warming and the beginning of the industrial revolution. And, since no correlation is too small to be a causation, this is now…
My grumpy old lady and I are looking for a place to rent! I work for Coles and mostly do nightshift, and Roxy likes sleeping in high places and screaming at you when you go near her food bowl. Ideally Im looking for my own place but am willing to share with one other relatively clean woman. ...
1st Edition Published on January 9, 2008 by CRC Press Fishes are by far the most species-rich vertebrate taxon, and it is also the vertebrate group with the mos
Now that Cat has learned to play games that Duck enjoys, its Ducks turn to try things that Cat likes. However, climbing trees and swatting at leaves prove to
Having women in positions of power makes good economic sense and creates inclusive societies, writes AS/COAs Carin Zissis for U.S. News & World Report.
Confirmation bias is the tendency of observers to see what they expect to see while conducting scientific research. Although confirmation bias has been well-studied by psychologists in the context of qualitative judgments, it has been much less studied with respect to the kinds of quantitative observations made by behavioral biologists. We carried out two experiments that used multiple observers of the aggression and foraging behaviors of red-backed salamanders (Plethodon cinereus) to determine whether behavioral observations were influenced by the a priori expectations of observers. In both experiments, one group of observers was given a specific set of expectations with respect to sex differences in salamander behavior, while a second group was given the opposite set of expectations. In one experiment, observers collected data on variable sets of live salamanders, while in the other experiment, observers collected data from identical videotaped trials. Across experiments and observed ...
Discriminant function analysis is a statistical analysis to predict a categorical dependent variable (called a grouping variable) by one or more continuous or binary independent variables (called predictor variables). The original dichotomous discriminant analysis was developed by Sir Ronald Fisher in 1936. It is different from an ANOVA or MANOVA, which is used to predict one (ANOVA) or multiple (MANOVA) continuous dependent variables by one or more independent categorical variables. Discriminant function analysis is useful in determining whether a set of variables is effective in predicting category membership. Discriminant analysis is used when groups are known a priori (unlike in cluster analysis). Each case must have a score on one or more quantitative predictor measures, and a score on a group measure. In simple terms, discriminant function analysis is classification - the act of distributing things into groups, classes or categories of the same type. Moreover, it is a useful follow-up ...
The fact is, brain tumor frequency was already increasing before aspartame was introduced to the market. Despite the flaws in this study, and despite a follow-up study showing no relationship between aspartame and brain tumors, aspartame opponents continue to cite this study as evidence of aspartames supposed danger.. There are many other examples of confirmation bias in the world of health. For example, Dr. Wayne Westcott wrote an article supporting his belief that you would increase your metabolic rate by 50 calories for every pound of muscle you added to your body. However, if you were to read the research Dr. Westcott cited to support his belief, you would find it doesnt support his belief at all. One of the studies he cited did not show an increase in muscle mass. And while there was an increase in fat-free mass (remember that fat-free mass and muscle are not the same thing), the increase in fat-free mass did not correlate with the increase in metabolic rate. In the other study he cited, ...
A method for segmenting intravascular images includes acquiring a series of digitized images acquired from inside a vessel, each said image comprising a plurality of intensities corresponding to a 2-dimensional grid of pixels, providing a precomputed set of shapes for modeling contours of vessel wall boundaries, wherein a contour can be expressed as a sum of a mean shape and a inner product of shape modes and shape weights, initializing a boundary contour for one of said set of images, initializing said shape weights by projecting a contour into said shape modes, updating said shape weights from differential equations of said shape weights, and computing a contour by summing said mean shape and said inner product of shape modes and updated shape weights.
Both Bayesian analysis assuming independence and discriminant function analysis have been used to estimate probabilities of coronary disease. To compare their relative accuracy, we submitted 303 subjects referred for coronary angiography to stress electrocardiography, thallium scintigraphy, and cine fluoroscopy. Severe angiographic disease was defined as at least one greater than 50% occlusion of a major vessel. Four calculations were done: (1) Bayesian analysis using literature estimates of pretest probabilities, sensitivities, and specificities was applied to the clinical and test data of a randomly selected subgroup (group I, 151 patients) to calculate posttest probabilities. (2) Bayesian analysis using literature estimates of pretest probabilities (but with sensitivities and specificities derived from the remaining 152 subjects [group II]) was applied to group I data to estimate posttest probabilities. (3) A discriminant function with logistic regression coefficients derived from the ...
Although contemporary usage of the term is relatively recent, the concept of denialism has been recognised for several decades. A chapter entitled "Denial of reality" in a 1957 book describing the phenomenon of cognitive dissonance notes how ". . . groups of scientists have been known to continue to believe in certain theories, supporting one another in this belief in spite of continual mounting evidence that these theories are incorrect." It highlights, in particular, the importance of selectivity, whereby "one aspect of the process of dissonance reduction [is] obtaining new cognition which will be consonant with existing cognition and avoiding new cognition which will be dissonant with existing cognition." The extent to which selectivity influences our views is now widely recognised, not least as a result of a best selling book containing many examples of what is termed "confirmation bias." One explanation is that confirmation bias is how we deal with evidence that challenges our strongly held ...
The evironmental reporters well-balanced story about chloramine in Stocktons water supply gave the issue the airing it deserved. My own feeling is switching from chlorine was a step away from cancer-causing water. To the extent concerns remain about chloramine, they are just that - concerns as yet unverified by scientific research. A skeptic disagrees here. So, what to do? The above-linked article recommends whole-house filtration. Unless you are made lof money, that seems excessive. As does retooling the Delta Water Supply Project at great cost, possibly without cause.. That would sastisfy Menlo Park resident Denise Johnson-Kula, who formed an anti-chloramine group.. Reports the story, "Johnson-Kula suddenly began suffering from "life-threatening" asthmatic attacks every time she showered, and her skin burned "like somebody had poured gasoline on it and set it on fire," she said last week.. "I almost died in the shower," she said. Her interpretation is that chloramine is toxic. But an ...
The left atrium (LA) can change in size and shape due to atrial fibrillation (AF)-induced remodeling. These alterations can be linked to poorer outcomes of AF ablation. In this study, we propose a novel comprehensive computational analysis of LA anatomy to identify what features of LA shape can optimally predict post-ablation AF recurrence. To this end, we construct smooth 3D geometrical models from the segmentation of the LA blood pool captured in pre-procedural MR images. We first apply this methodology to characterize the LA anatomy of 144 AF patients and build a statistical shape model that includes the most salient variations in shape across this cohort. We then perform a discriminant analysis to optimally distinguish between recurrent and non-recurrent patients. From this analysis, we propose a new shape metric called vertical asymmetry, which measures the imbalance of size along the anterior to posterior direction between the superior and inferior left atrial hemispheres. Vertical asymmetry was
Humans tend to look for evidence that reinforces our beliefs, not evidence that contradicts them. This is called confirmation bias. A related problem is that people tend to publish results that show various treatments or interventions working, but not results that show them failing to work, because the latter is less interesting. This is called publication bias.. In the spirit of combating those things, Im going to share some things that didnt work for me.. Rolfing. Rolfing is basically a kind of massage (though Rolfers insist theres a difference) with a slight amount of evidence that it produces feelings of relaxation over longer periods of time than other massage methods. Rolfers are certified by the Rolfing Institute, and put you through a series of ten sessions. Then youre done, permanently. They say it takes a few months for the changes to become manifest, and its been a few months, so Im now ready to talk about what it did for me.. Rolfing is famously uncomfortable. During sessions I ...
Humans tend to look for evidence that reinforces our beliefs, not evidence that contradicts them. This is called confirmation bias. A related problem is that people tend to publish results that show various treatments or interventions working, but not results that show them failing to work, because the latter is less interesting. This is called publication bias.. In the spirit of combating those things, Im going to share some things that didnt work for me.. Rolfing. Rolfing is basically a kind of massage (though Rolfers insist theres a difference) with a slight amount of evidence that it produces feelings of relaxation over longer periods of time than other massage methods. Rolfers are certified by the Rolfing Institute, and put you through a series of ten sessions. Then youre done, permanently. They say it takes a few months for the changes to become manifest, and its been a few months, so Im now ready to talk about what it did for me.. Rolfing is famously uncomfortable. During sessions I ...
The ocean "acidification" narrative that claims humans are gradually lowering pH levels in sea water with their CO2 emissions may rest on presumptions, hypotheticals, and confirmation bias - not robust, observational scientific evidence.. A paper by Wei et al. (2015) published a year ago in the Journal of Geophysical Research effectively illustrates the vacuousness of the ocean "acidification" paradigm.. In the paper, the authors assert that "model calculations" (yes, calculations from modeling) have indicated oceanic pH levels may have decreased (i.e., lowered pH = less alkaline = more "acidic") since the 1800s by a total of about 0.1 as consequence of the rise in anthropogenic CO2 emissions. This overall pH-lowering "trend" of less than 0.1 since the industrial era began is "predicted" to "potentially threaten the existence and development of many marine calcareous organisms". Again, its the 150-year -0.1 trend in pH-lowering - which the authors admit is subject to "large errors" in ...
In this paper, we explore barriers to health for fat people. By shifting the focus from what fat people do or do not do, neoliberal principles are replaced by a focus instead on structural and institutional policies, attitudes, and practices. This includes the impact of stigma on the health treatment and health-seeking behavior of fat people. For example, we consider the role that provider anti-fat attitudes and confirmation bias play in the failure to provide evidenced-based healthcare to fat patients. This is an autoethnographic paper, which provides the opportunity to read research from the perspective of fat scholars, framed by questions such as: can fat people have health? Is health itself a state of being, a set of behaviors, a commodity, a performance; perhaps the new social contract? As a co-written autoethnographic paper, one aspect of the evidence provided is the recorded experiences of the two fat authors. This includes writing from notes, journals, compiled and repeated experiences with
Getting students to cue recently learned material with self-generated questions is a useful form of elaboration (i.e., a way of re-running information through their meat computers). Its essentially the method used by the Cornell note taking strategy: take some notes and then re-engineer this new information into study questions: What is confirmation bias?What are the five rights guaranteed by the first amendment?What is the difference between a chromatid and a chromosome? These kinds of questions spark recall or in some cases understanding, the two lowest rungs of Blooms taxonomy of higher-order critical thinking skills. But with some prompting and modeling, its possible to bump students up the taxonomy by getting them to formulate questions that seek analysis, application, connection or contrast. To be sure, a lot of these questions will be weak or ill formed, but success with this method isnt simply about the answers generated. Theres some value in the a ...
Third, if a significant proportion of the population is more susceptible to anomalous experiences as the result of abnormal brain function, and I have argued that they are, then wed expect those people, all other things being equal, to be more prone in general to supernatural beliefs. If you are experiencing strange visions, hearing voices, having fugue states, hallucinations, or other strange moments as a result of brain function, and if you lack the education and science background to know any better, then of course you are going to conclude that there are ghosts, spirits are visiting you, God is communicating with you, or that youve got psychic powers. What else could it be? Furthermore, if you dont understand basic statistical reasoning, confirmation bias, hedging, wishful thinking, ignoring base rates, or a host of other fallacies, and if you are surrounded by religious believers who are applying heavy pressure for a particular religious explanation, then it will be very hard to you to ...
So, we arrive on the day when superstition runs rife in the western world. 13 witches in a coven, Judas Iscariot, the treacherous member of JCs gang, made the number of participants at The Last Supper 13, the Knights Templar were arrested on Friday 13th and so on. "The Thirteenth in the Series" is a great episode of the Alan Simpson and Ray Galton brilliant comedy show "Hancocks Half Hour", and is a wonderful satire of how the number 13 can set off a chain reaction of superstitious confirmation bias in a gullible individual followed by buying into any amount of New Age nonsense. In 1980 director Sean S. Cunningham had both horror and humour on his mind when he directed and produced the slasher film, "Friday the 13th". The humour was designed to relax the audience and the horror came in the form of cheap shocks. It was a pretty bad film in so many ways. It was unoriginal and it kick-started a cynical ...
Religion treats confirmation bias as a virtue. It calls this "faith". It is about picking a conclusion that you like and holding onto it, ignoring all evidence to the contrary and twisting the evidence you do have to support your conclusion. I suspect that, with so much praise going into this way of (non)thinking among Republicans, it has infected their policies even on matters where there is scientific (or military intelligence) information to be weighed and elections to be won or lost ...
Religion treats confirmation bias as a virtue. It calls this "faith". It is about picking a conclusion that you like and holding onto it, ignoring all evidence to the contrary and twisting the evidence you do have to support your conclusion. I suspect that, with so much praise going into this way of (non)thinking among Republicans, it has infected their policies even on matters where there is scientific (or military intelligence) information to be weighed and elections to be won or lost ...
Whats going on? Well, several things, it appears. The most obvious explanation of the caregiver placebo effect in dogs is that owners expect a positive response when they assume an actual treatment is being administered to the dog.. Whenever we introduce a new medication, diet, or training method and anticipate seeing an improvement in our dogs health or behavior, we naturally tilt toward seeing positive results and away from seeing no change (or worse, a negative effect). This is a form of "confirmation bias" - seeing what we expect to see and that confirms our preexisting beliefs.. In fact, an early study3 of the caregiver placebo effect in dogs found that when owners were asked to guess which group their dog was in, the owners whose dogs were actually in the placebo group but said that they were certain that their dogs were in the treatment group demonstrated the strongest positive (placebo) response.. Such expectations may be an especially strong motivator when we are dealing with maladies ...
in many cases what drives a creationist is the pleasure that derives from basking in confirmation bias and that is clearly visible ( its most evident in the case of nephilimfree ). in other words im right because i fell good about the fact that i fell good because im right. in other other words, they perform mental masturbation with circular reasoning. this happens to everybody, but creationist tend to be hardcore about it. if by some miracle you manage to take that out of the picture and begin a discussion, the creationist mind is trained to follow specific thought patterns in response to specific stimuli and those programmed responses usually make them incapable of accepting new information or recognizing a valid argument, even if its just a variation of their own arguments ( again this happens to everybody, thats how we work, and its a bad habbit). finally, if you strip away all that, you should be capable of opening a proper discussion and having him/her actually listen to you. at ...
By splendor of his birth and by reaching in himself to his own virtues, to the most renowned man : to the noble lord Andrzej Kochanowski [note: not the first translator of the Virgils Aeneid], son of Dobiesław [note: paternal uncle of John the poet], heir of Gródek, to the man who while alive, well furnished by the marks of God with gifts of intelligence, energy, piety towards God and humanity towards friends and exceptionally generous in need, who with great grief and sorrow of his own friends and all good men, at the age of 54, was taken out of this society of all mortal men in the year of our Lord 1596, in the 24th day of March, and in this new church, built to the name of God and for the worship of God to be incited, the same in which he always lived in the Catholic rite - he is buried ...
In addition to the varied concentrations of bioactives in mothers milk, mothers can also feel varied levels of stress during lactation. This results in varied concentrations of stress factors in milk. The Stress on First-Time […] ...
1. Wanna be with me? / P. Lidén ; esit. Da Buzz. 2. Jumpin around : radio mix / Schrody, Muggerud, IttyBitty, BoozyWoozy, Greatski, Corneille ; esit. DJ BoozyWoozy, Pryme. 3. Ill be back again : radio version / R. Thomas, Carin ; esit. Carin. 4. Thunderstruck : Warp Brothers remix / A. Young, M. Young ; esit. Blizzard Brothers. 5. Babyland : 72 attack on air mix / esit. Motion 3, M. Nayler. 6. Like a prayer : DJ Andy B. radio mix / Madonna, P. Leanard ; esit. 2 Sexy. 7. Tekno flamenco : tablo video / M. Rossi, S. Melloni, R. Turatti, G. Zandoni, E. Villa ; esit. DJ Bum Bum. 8. My song : original radio / M. Molonato ; esit. ANN (Amy & Nelly DJ). 9. Blinded by the light : malanmarsh mix / P. Humpries ; esit. M. Vemanis. 10. Music all over the world : vocal radio edit / DJ Rene, Manirock, Riffi, Gorris ; esit. DJ Rene. 11. G-Licious : radio version / L.T.R. van Schooneveld ; esit. G-Spott. 12. Lets go wild / S. Melloni, R. Turatti, G. Zandona, M. Rossi, K. Woodcock ; esit. Full Noise. 13. ...
Bat moms find themselves in a unique situation when it comes to lactation. A heavy load of milk makes it hard for mom to forage for herself.
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I have been dog-sitting my neighbors dogs for 4 years and have had to give one of them multiple medications to keep him healthy and have been carin...
My goal is to make your pet as comfortable and happy as possible while youre away. Ive always had dogs and cats at home and have experience carin...
Hultman, R; Mague, SD; Li, Q; Katz, BM; Michel, N; Lin, L; Wang, J; David, LK; Blount, C; Chandy, R; Carlson, D; Ulrich, K; Carin, L; Dunson, D; Kumar, S; Deisseroth, K; Moore, SD; Dzirasa, K, Dysregulation of Prefrontal Cortex-Mediated Slow-Evolving Limbic Dynamics Drives Stress-Induced Emotional Pathology., Neuron, vol. 91 no. 2 (July, 2016), pp. 439-452 [doi ...
Title: A note on the distribution of $D\sp 2\sb {p+q}-D\sp 2\sb p$ and some computational aspects of $D\sp 2$ statistic and discriminant function ...
A new study of pig bones suggests that proteins extracted from skeletal remains could act as biomarkers of the age of an anim ...
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Çka janë neurozat profesionale ?,qka eshte neuroza profesionale,neurozat profesionale,neuroze profesionale,neurozat shqip,neuroza ne shqip,qka quajme neuroze,neuroza shqip,neuroze shqip,qfare jane neurozat,kush jane neurozat profesionale,me qka manifestohen neurozat profesionale,cilat jane simptomat e neurozave profesionale
qka jane sinjalet,qka eshte sinjali,kuptimi i sinjalit,cfare eshte sinjali, çfarë eshte sinjali, qka kuptojme me sinjal, shembuj sinjalesh,sinjali,kuptim rreth sinjali,kuptimi sinjal,cka eshte sinjali
Originally posted by april (avril) Posted: 27 Jan. 10 at 04:51 in the other forum. Yes, Scarface, not too long after you posted this originally, I found an opp
The goal of this project is to track the relationships among PhDs in Physical Anthropology. Back in 2013, we were inspired by a paper by Elizabeth Kelley and Robert Sussman in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, which presented "genealogy data" on field primatologists. Genealogy is probably the more accurate term, but we like to think of it as a phylogenetic tree. Using web tools, we are expanding on previous work by providing interactive visualizations of this data, and by allowing people from all over the world to contribute their data.. ...
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The papers of Aleš Hrdlička, curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, offer considerable insight into the development of physical anthropology in the first half of this century. The papers include honors bestowed on Hrdlička, autobiographical notes, correspondence with many of the leading anthropologists of the day, anthropometric and osteometric measurements and observations (forming most of the collection), extensive photographs of Hrdličkas field work, manuscripts, research materials, and "My Journeys" (essentially a diary Hrdlička kept of his field work). In addition, there is material of a personal nature. The papers date from 1875 to 1966, but the bulk of the materials date from 1903 to 1943, the time of Hrdličkas career at the USNM.. ...
The Learning Systems Technology Education (LSTE) unit prepares students in the field of instructional design and technology for careers in public schools, community colleges, higher education institutions, business, industry, military, and medical settings or other facilities. The LSTE certificate program is designed to provide graduates a greater understanding of the dynamic interactions between content, pedagogy, and technology. It also fulfills the core requirements for those wanting to move on to the M.Ed. in LSTE.. ...
Click on a node to fully expand it. Individuals who have advised PhDs are shown in a darker shade of yellow.. Drag nodes to move the layout.. Use the navigation buttons to zoom the network or to make the full network fit the window.. ...
A series of earthquakes have hit the northern Croatian Adriatic coast, triggering panic among tourists and residents but causing no major damage
Confirmation bias is a human problem - especially in organisations with a political or ideological agenda. Not surprising then to find it rampant among those opposing fluoridation. It sticks out like the proverbial when opponents of community water fluoridation claim the practice causes a decline in child IQ. That debate is raging at the moment because a…
Author Massimo Polidoro writing in Skeptical Inquirer has considered claims of SLI to be examples of correlation not implying causation, or of confirmation bias: people are much more likely to notice when a nearby street light turns on or off than they are to notice a light turning on or off at a distance, or a street light in a steady state at any distance. This is compounded by a failure mode of street lights, known as "cycling", in which street lights of the high pressure sodium type turn off and on more frequently at the end of their life cycle.[4] A high pressure sodium engineer at General Electric, quoted by Cecil Adams, summarizes SLI as "a combination of coincidence and wishful thinking".[4] Polidoro notes that "Paranormal phenomenon is the least likely possibility."[2] ...
During that episode I did get an overwhelming sense of being watched and observed, and sure enough that manifested itself, through confirmation bias, into my immediate environment, which in turn set my mind racing through memory making links left right and centre, which given the great store of conspiracy material I have ingested over the years led to a great wave of panic and anxiety that culminated in me not knowing which way or to whom I could turn. The worst thing about it was that I wasnt so much concerned for myself as I was for how many I might be taking down with me particularly as my delusion increasingly seemed to be drawing from that aspect of myself. I thought that anyone that I reached out to could be brought into harms way. The more that I was drawn into that delusion the more constrained and isolated I felt and the deeper I felt myself falling. And, yet, which in retrospect I find quite impressive, I was able to leave my flat and carry on as if nothing was happening (although ...
I wonder if there isnt a confirmation bias here. Consider all the ideas about evolutionary process first promulgated verbally that turned out to be crap. Orthogenesis. Recapitulation. Naive group selectionism. Saltationism. Polygenism.. I wont count use inheritance, because it actually is described well mathematically and may work for cultural evolution. Evolutionary biology has a lot of recycling of common-sensical insights, and a lot of "new rediscoveries" of what Darwin said 150 years ago. This is all because of the propensity for verbal argumentation. A more subtle problem is that words change their meanings. "Fitness," mentioned in the previous comment is a good example. I think Dobzhansky did better at verbal argumentation than almost anyone, but it is fairly easy to put words into even his mouth. Dawkins did a masterful job of putting Williams and Hamilton into English, but hardened them in the process. When you consider Goulds big volume, or Mayrs History of Biological Thought, they ...
Downloadable! We report an experiment examining risk taking and information aggregation in groups. Group members come to the table with an individual preference for a choice under risk, based on privately received information, and can share this information with fellow group members. They then make a decision under risk on behalf of the group using a random dictatorship mechanism, as well as an individual decision. Our analysis reveals that, while the behavior of many subjects is consistent with Bayesian rationality, a considerable number of subjects exhibited ‘reverse confirmation bias’: they place less weight on information from others that agrees with their private signal and more weight on conflicting information. We also observe a striking degree of consensus: in most groups all members made the same choice on behalf of the group. The pattern of individual choices after group deliberation suggests that the high degree of group consensus is due to persuasive arguments of other group
Iris Clever: My research focuses on the introduction of biometric approaches in physical anthropology in the early 20 th century and the conflicts this generated between the older anatomically oriented school of anthropology and new members entering the discipline with a more statistical approach. These conflicts centered on international standardization of instruments and measurement techniques, sample sizes, and the "correct" way to produce and reduce anthropometric data. My current project looks into the craniometric research that was conducted in Karl Pearsons Biometric Laboratory. I am also interested in field encounters between physical anthropologists and the non-western peoples they wished to measure, as well as the re-use of this historical anthropometric data in present-day economic studies of historical standards of living ...
Affiliation:佐賀大学,医学部,助教, Research Field:Physical anthropology,Anthropology,Cultural property science,Cultural assets study and museology, Keywords:古人骨,人類学,古病理学,弥生時代,渡来系弥生人,韓国,齲蝕,縄文人,モンゴロイド,縄文時代人, # of Research Projects:9, # of Research Products:22, Ongoing Project:日本人頭蓋復顔法のCTデータに基づく再構築
Principal Investigator:MacIntosh Andrew, Project Period (FY):2016-04-01 - 2020-03-31, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (A), Research Field:Physical anthropology
... Penelitian ~ Pemburu-pengumpul Zaman Batu mengobati sakit gigi menggunakan alat tajam dan tar. Dokter gigi tidak mengebor dan menambal, tapi menggores dan melapisi. Temuan gigi menambah bukti bahwa beberapa bentuk kedokteran gigi telah muncul selama setidaknya 14.000 tahun lalu. Dua gigi dari orang yang tinggal di Italia utara 13.000 hingga 12.740 tahun lalu menanggung tanda-tanda seseorang telah menghapus infeksi jaringan lunak bagian dalam. Daerah yang diolah kemudian ditutup dengan zat lengket seperti tar menggunakan alat batu, para ilmuwan melaporkan ke American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Temuan menunjukkan bahwa teknik untuk menghapus bagian-bagian gigi yang terinfeksi gigi telah dikembangkan ribuan tahun sebelum fajar pertanian yang kaya diet karbohidrat sebagai penyebab utama merebaknya gigi berlubang. Petani mungkin sudah terbiasa menggunakan alat-alat batu untuk mengebor gigi berlubang sejak 9.000 tahun lalu.
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are continuous variables. When a MONOTONE statement is used without specifying any methods, the regression method is used for all imputed continuous variables and the discriminant function method is used for all imputed classification variables. In this case, for each imputed continuous variable, all preceding variables in the VAR statement are used as the covariates, and for each imputed classification variable, all preceding continuous variables in the VAR statement are used as the covariates. When a method for continuous variables is specified without imputed variables, the method is used for all continuous variables in the VAR statement that are not specified in other methods. Similarly, when a method for classification variables is specified without imputed variables, the method is used for all classification variables in the VAR statement that are not specified in other methods. For each imputed variable that does not use the discriminant function method, if no covariates are specified, ...
http://www.livescience.com/28270-neander...st-popular Quote:The skeletal remains of an individual living in northern Italy 40,000-30,000 years ago are believed to be that of a human/Neanderthal hybrid
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RALEIGH, DEB. DEB., goal 15 (UPI) - At present, paleontologists have no proven method of differentiating guy in addition to lady dinosaur remains, nevertheless researchers are usually wanting the particular navicular bone from the anticipating Tyrannosaurus rex can modify that. The 68-million-year-old fossil was discovered having a team related to researchers via Ny Situation University as well as the Ny Memorial related to Natural Sciences inside 2005, nevertheless simply recently have been researchers capable of confirm the particular fossil features a sex-specific reproductive system program tissue referred to as medullary navicular bone. Scientists desire extra assessment in the medullary navicular bone might illuminate the particular improvement related to ovum relaxing inside modern birds along with give a way of dinosaur sex-typing. Medullary navicular bone is simply contained in lady birds; it is synthesized in relation to egg-laying. Theropod dinosaurs for example BIG T.Vernon Butler ...
Neurons have three crucial parts: the soma, the dendrites and the axon. The soma is where the nucleus and the cell proper of the neuron is. The dendrites recieve information from other neurons and transmit it to the soma. The axon is the talker sending