Asma Salhi, Valérie Burdin, Sylvain Brochard, Tinashe Mutsvangwa, Bhushan Borotikar. Clinical relevance of augmented statistical shape model of the scapula in the glenoid region. Medical Engineering and Physics, Elsevier, 2020, 76 (1), pp.88-94. ⟨10.1016/j.medengphy.2019.11.007⟩. ⟨hal-02448027⟩ ...
Confirmation bias is something we all struggle with. This isnt new, but over the long-term, we create echo chambers. What challenges do confirmation bias present as racial divisions are forced to the forefront of our lives?
You have received your Carin set. Yay! Get started by downloading the Carin Pelvic Floor App from the Android or iOS app store. Once downloaded, unlock your access to the app by introducing your personal Carin Mini code or syncing via Bluetooth with your Carin Pro set. ...
This article suggests that scholarship on comics and identity is vulnerable to strong confirmation bias. Engaging with a few common assumptions presented in writing on X-Men comics(1963-1970, 1975-1991) and identity, it offers alternative interpretations on the series engagement with the Cold War, civil rights, individual authenticity, persecution, and the Holocaust. Based on these discussions, the article then offers a few methodological suggestions that might help reduce bias in future studies of comics and identity.
An international research team comprising neuroscientists at Virginia Tech and the University of London revealed brain mechanisms and functional regions that underlie confirmation bias -- a phenomenon where people strongly favor information that reinforces their existing opinions over contradictory ones.
I dont care what you say, I know what I know! And this is a problem that affects A LOT of people! Have you ever run into someone so wedded to her own view that she denies any evidence to the contrary? If so, then you my friend have been stymied by Confirmation Bias. The way…
Confirmation bias is the human habit of twisting our own perceptions and reasoning - selective hearing and memory - to confirm what we already believe, and whatever is consistent with our interests. It explains why even experts are prone to making major errors.
The present study examined the influences of gender-role stereotypes, gender-role congruity, and the sex-typing of the professor job on performance evaluations of university educators in actual classroom settings. Participants used the Schein Descriptive Index (Schein, 1973) to define gender-role stereotypes, characteristics of their professor/instructor, and the characteristics of an Effective Professor. Participants used a behavior summary scale (BSS) formatted student assessment of instruction to evaluate their professors/instructors performance after a full semester of class participation. It was hypothesized that a pro-male bias would exist in the sex-typing of the professor job, and that combined with the gender-role stereotypes of participants and the gender-role congruity of professors/instructors, would influence performance evaluations. In support of hypothesized relationships, results demonstrated that male and female participants hold different gender-role stereotypes of Men and Women,
Statistical Shape Models capture the shape variation of a training set of shapes and can be registered to an image of an object of the class they represent by simple adjustment of their parameters. We have applied statistical shape models of healthy tracheas to the assessment and stenting of tracheal stenosis. The idea is that a model with healthy tracheas only will not be influenced by local geometric variations typical of stenosis. The model produces a shape that is an estimation of the shape of the patients trachea if it were not narrowed. ...
Using computer vision, computer graphics, and machine learning, we teach computers to see people and understand their behavior in complex 3D scenes.
Accurate segmentation of the nasal cavity plays a pivotal role for the creation of patient specific nasal models which are essential for the diagnosis and
This trick of your brain that Darwin saw and described is called the confirmation bias. This confirmation bias has been described for hundreds of years, but also more and more scientifically researched. Recently, researchers at the University of Amsterdam have also scientifically established that confirmation bias occurs, even in simple decisions where you as a human being have no status, identity or self-esteem. In the research they asked people which way they thought a certain dot pattern moved in (do you remember what I said about seeing patterns in everything?). They asked this twice in different studies and what turned out to be the case? The people who found in the first test that the dots moved mainly to the right, saw this image confirmed in the next test. And the people who found that the dots moved mainly to the left in the first test? You guessed it: they too thought that the second study confirmed their earlier opinion.. ...
To explain the universal phenomenon of confirmation bias, softwarephysics embraces the memetics of Richard Dawkins and Susan Blackmore. Memetics explains that the heavily over engineered brain of Homo sapiens did not evolve simply to enhance the survival of our genes - it primarily evolved to enhance the survival of our memes. Memetics contends that confirmation bias naturally arises in us all because the human mind evolved to primarily preserve the memes it currently stores. That makes it very difficult for new memes to gain a foothold in our stubborn minds. Lets examine this explanation of confirmation bias a little further. In Susan Blackmores The Meme Machine (1999) she explains that the highly over engineered brain of Homo sapiens did not evolve to simply improve the survivability of the metabolic pathways, RNA and DNA of carbon-based life. Instead, the highly over engineered brain of Homo sapiens evolved to store an ever increasing number of ever increasingly complex memes, even to the ...
Carin Smit, founder of the Synapse Africa Neuro-Nutritional Clinic is a C/ Clinical Metal Toxicologist (www.IBCMT.com / www.IAOMT.org) and a Defeat Autism Now! Practitioner with one of her main focal points being the optimization of health through the Metabolic Recovery from dread diseases. Carin Smit is also a qualified AIT (Auditory Integration Training) - Practitioner and Internationally approved Instructor for new AIT practitioners. She aids in the recovery of individuals, especially children who may suffer from a variety of neuro-integrational disorders.
The second step of the process - Analyze the Frequency and Framing of Stories - will be my focus for the remainder of this article. When I wrote about how to understand consensus, I discussed how events are shaped by the media. Market prices rise and fall and the media create a narrative that may or may not be true and is always limited and incomplete. The media have the power to describe events or frame the price action in capital markets, and this affects us as readers.. How an event is framed affects the news and how it is perceived. The media can spin a story in countless ways that influence how we interpret it. I read financial news to help understand the world as it is, not how it should be. I identify the political biases of the media and act accordingly, and I do my best to remain nonpartisan.. As investment professionals, we all use the media to give us news about the world around us. And like it or not, politics shapes how the media deliver information. Most media sources have a ...
Online services like Google and Facebook use computer programming algorithms to determine what information to deliver to you. Your filter bubble (a term coined by internet activist Eli Pariser) refers to the idea that this automated personalization, though helpful in some ways, can isolate you from other information. Sometimes referred to as an echo chamber, the filter bubble created by your online activity can limit your exposure to different points of view and weaken your ability to avoid fake news and bias.. In this now-famous TED Talk, Pariser discusses the effects of algorithms and warns us about the dangers of online filter bubbles.. ...
Last year, George Mason University economist Daniel Klein and Zogby survey researcher Zeljka Buturovic did a study that concluded that
People seem to stubbornly cling to their preexisting beliefs, even when provided evidence to the contrary. In psychology, researchers have a name for this
Please, snark, intelligence, and a knowledge of sports? I am so enjoying this. posted by texture on May 27, 2009 at 1:43 PM , link to this , reply ...
Well, theres the downside to potato starch if you must, and I will side with you. Instead of just talking shit, like I do, people want to talk about their shit.
J. L. Bruse, K. S. Mcleod, G. Biglino, H. N. Ntsinjana, C. Capelli, T. Hsia, M. Sermesant, X. Pennec, A. Taylor and S. Schievano. A Non-parametric Statistical Shape Model for Assessment of the Surgically Repaired Aortic Arch in Coarctation of the Aorta: How Normal is Abnormal? In Statistical Atlases and Computational Modeling of the Heart (STACOM 2015). MICCAI Workshop ed. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer. Verlag, 2015. ...
This chapter starts with a brief introduction into model-based segmentation, explaining the basic concepts and different approaches. Subsequently, two segmentation approaches are presented in more detail: First, the method of deformable simplex meshes is described, explaining the special properties of the simplex mesh and the formulation of the internal forces. Common choices for image forces are presented, and how to evolve the mesh to adapt to certain structures. Second, the method of point-based statistical shape models (SSMs) is described. The model construction process is explained and the point correspondence problem is treated in detail. Several approaches of how gray level appearance can be modeled are presented, and search algorithms that use this knowledge to segment the modeled structures in new images are described.
The SICAS Medical Image Repository is a freely accessible repository containing medical research data including medical images, surface models, clinical data, genomics data and statistical shape models. The data can freely be organized and shared on SMIR and made publicly accessible with a DOI. Dedicated data sets are organized as collections of anatomical regions (e.g Cochlea). The data can be filtered using a modular search and accessed on the web or through the SMIR API ...
Free and open person profile of Carin Marie Lisa Ribard, who is Representative before the EPO of Sanofi, S.A. and is Representative before the EPO of Sanofi.
Dr. Carin Litani, MD, rated 3.3/5 by patients. 12 reviews, Phone number & practice locations, Dermatologist in Wellesley Hills, MA.
Anteriorly the lingula and anterior medullary velum are cut away and posteriorly the cerebellar tonsils removed. The tela chorioidea and choroid plexus of the roof of the fourth ventricle are exposed. These structures obscure the inferior and intermediate portions of the rhomboid fossa (floor of the ventricle). The superior part of the fossa is visible through the opening cut between the brachia conjunctiva ...
New details about the identity, role, and function of human genes, their modifications resulting in hereditary disorders are constantly emerging. Genetic counseling and examination help to reveal these disorders, and select an efficient method. This process usually starts with a genetic counseling. Genetic counseling if offered in our clinic to infertility patients or couples with a high risk of hereditary disease in an offspring. In the last decade more genetic causes of male and female infertility became known. Different types of genetic examination, such as chromosome screening (karyotype) for both partners, molecular genetic diagnostics, prenatal diagnostics, preimplantation genetic diagnosis are available in our clinic.. ...
The team of scientists headed by Dr. Tim Matthias Strom from the Institute of Human Genetics at the Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Technische Universität München in cooperation with the Medical University of Vienna have identified a new inherited form of Parkinsons* disease. The study was based on the genetic examination of an Austrian family with many affected family members. Using a new sequencing method, named exome sequencing*, a mutation in the VPS35 gene* was identified in all family members diagnosed with the disease. VPS35 forms part of the retromer complex that mediates important tasks in the intracellular transport of proteins.. The same mutation was subsequently identified in two further families. A second study, conducted in Canada, has also described this mutation in four families. Prior to that, VPS35 had been linked with Alzheimers disease. From their findings, the scientists have deduced that the intracellular mechanism with which the retromer controls protein sorting and ...
Does anybody have the sequence data or a good restriction map of pBI 121? Or maybe the reference were I can find it. I also would like to know if there is anybody out there from whom I could get A.tum LBA 4404? Thanks, Carin Jarl Carin Jarl-Sunesson Plant Cell Biology, Lund University P O Box 7007, S-220 07 LUND; SWEDEN ph:+46-46-2220124, fax:+46-46-2224009 email: carin.jarl at plantcell.lu.se ...
Shermer: Oh, I think it just influences us. But we can override it. It does help to know, in a way, that we can think to ourselves, All right, I know this bias is going on, I know Im employing the confirmation bias and thus ignoring evidence that does not confirm my bias. Knowing that this process is going on helps you overcome it, and we know we can overcome these biases because this is how science works. Every scientist in the world would love his theory to be right, and he would prefer to collect and sort out just the data that support his theory. But he knows that if he does that, hes going to get nailed by his colleagues; so he has to go out of his way to try to debunk himself. If he fails to find data that contradict his theory, then he knows that it might be on firm ground ...
1. MS2R in general. Motivated System 2 Reasoning (MS2R) refers to the affinity between cultural cognition and conscious, effortful information processing. In psychology, dual process theories distinguish betweeen two styles of reasoning. The first, often denoted as System 1, is rapid, intuitive, and emotion pervaded. The other-typically denoted as System 2-is deliberate, conscious, and analytical. The core of an exceedingly successful research program, this conception of dual process reasoning has been shown to explain the prevelance of myriad reasoning biases. From hindsight bias to confirmation bias; from the gamblers fallacy to the sunk-cost fallacy; from probability neglect to the availability effect-all are psotively correlated with over-reliance on heuristic, System 1 reasoning. By the same token, an ability and dispostition to rely instead on the conscious, effortful style associated with System 2 predicts less vulnerability to these cognitive miscues.. A species of motivated ...
When you believe it ethical, at all, to give unsuspecting autistic children an endoscopic colonoscopy (which is as traumatizating as being raped for those not so functional brethren of mine) to test for autism causing bacteria in the colon...and are being paid by companies looking to make a quick buck against an an entire the European health industry...then you have no right to declare that the disorder that I, AND MY BROTHER WERE BORN WITH...to ever have been caused by the contents of a vaccine itself. People like you often search for and only seek out the results you wish to publish...but the problem is that you have confirmation bias with that. Im sorry, but Andrew Wakefield deserved to be stripped of his medical doctorate and license to practice. He accepted a bribe to fudge the results of the research he was already doing ...
People have different opinions on what personal revelation is. Is it from God or from within us? Is it personal or universal in the scope of its truth? Does it only come in some ways or should we take inspiration however we can get it? Is it only available through the HG, or to all who seek truth? Here are some theories about what might be meant by revelation. Some have theorized that if a revelation doesnt contradict what you already believe, it cant be proven to be a revelation. Thats an interesting idea. If it is what you already believe, confirmation bias could certainly be at play. Some would chalk all revelation up to confirmation bias. If we dont find revelation provocative, maybe we are past feeling or dont have ears to hear or to comprehend the real meaning. Some would say that if you dont feel you are receiving it, its your fault for not being open to it. If we judge all spiritual input by whether or not it matches our own view, we are discounting the possibility that Gods view
Studying the long-term causal effects of alcohol drinking is notoriously difficult. Epidemiological studies that use conventional analytical approaches are likely to be confounded and affected by reporting/recall bias and reverse causality, specifically in the form of the sick quitter effect (individuals quitting or never starting to consume alcohol due to underlying ill health).1 Decades of observational data showing J-shaped relationships of alcohol with risk of disease and in particular cardiovascular disease,2 fuelled by confirmation bias, have resulted in alcohol policies such that individuals are recommended to drink in moderation, due to putative cardioprotective effects. Critically, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to investigate the long-term effects of alcohol drinking are not feasible for reasons including lack of suitable and ethical interventions and extended duration (and hence cost and likely high loss to follow-up).
People have different opinions on what personal revelation is. Is it from God or from within us? Is it personal or universal in the scope of its truth? Does it only come in some ways or should we take inspiration however we can get it? Is it only available through the HG, or to all who seek truth? Here are some theories about what might be meant by revelation. Some have theorized that if a revelation doesnt contradict what you already believe, it cant be proven to be a revelation. Thats an interesting idea. If it is what you already believe, confirmation bias could certainly be at play. Some would chalk all revelation up to confirmation bias. If we dont find revelation provocative, maybe we are past feeling or dont have ears to hear or to comprehend the real meaning. Some would say that if you dont feel you are receiving it, its your fault for not being open to it. If we judge all spiritual input by whether or not it matches our own view, we are discounting the possibility that Gods view
News feeds the mother of all cognitive errors: confirmation bias. In the words of Warren Buffett: What the human being is best at doing is interpreting all new information so that their prior conclusions remain intact. News exacerbates this flaw. We become prone to overconfidence, take stupid risks and misjudge opportunities. It also exacerbates another cognitive error: the story bias. Our brains crave stories that make sense - even if they dont correspond to reality. Any journalist who writes, The market moved because of X or the company went bankrupt because of Y is an idiot. I am fed up with this cheap way of explaining the world. ...
He first replaced the spark by a flame. Then he replaced the flame with an incandescent wire (determining that the N-rays increased its brightness but not its temperature), replaced the incandescent wire with sheets of metal heated to a dull red glow, and replaced these with a sheet of white paper illuminated just enough to stand out as a faint gray blur in a dark room. A luminous clock dial illuminated with N-rays gained just enough brightness that you could make out the circle of its face and almost distinguish the hands. By the end of the investigation, the N-rays arent even directed at the glowing object but at the eyes looking at the glowing object. And still an increase in brightness was claimed. Weirdly, by this point, he seems to have abandoned any pretense of finding a plausible physical mechanism for the increase in brightness, much less look for alternative explanations like confirmation bias or the unreliability of human perception. He is just examining all these properties of the ...
CBOs may not have the answer to every behavioral problem, which is where academic networks come in. Not only can they provide greater information, but they also keep confirmation biases in check, which adds rigor and credibility to experimenting.. Forging partnerships oriented toward publishable outcomes is a mutually beneficial way to uncover actionable insights in business. The academic community is trained in the machinery of experimentation, but the business community is endowed with a deep understanding of the machinery of their enterprises.. Teaming together is an exercise in comparative advantage that improves outcomes on both sides.Its the ultimate win-win: Academics can be a cost-efficient resource to businesses when theyre able to collect unique data to support their research, and businesses can benefit from their knowledge.. Researchers expertise and interests can vary widely by topic (consumer decision-making, employee well-being, and salesperson motivation), technique (analysis ...
From the ignoring natural variation with confirmation bias department Brian Lindauer writes Apparently it IS worse than we thought... A new paper published in Nature purports to find a connection between mid-nineteenth century warming and the beginning of the industrial revolution. And, since no correlation is too small to be a causation, this is now…
Around the time I started having troubles with [sub-clinical] levels of anxiety, I noticed something weird. When I got anxious (and very occasionally, before I realized I was high-anxiety), I would feel too warm. WAY too warm. Not sweaty, not that the room was too warm, just a slow burning under my skin. The nearest comparison I could give is the shame-heat of feeling humiliation or embarrassment.. In retrospect (or maybe just in confirmation bias), I can recall being scared or stressed as a child and feeling that slow flare. When I felt too warm, it was hard to concentrate on the task at hand, resulting in a frustrating loop of Too warm, cant think! But if I cant think, I cant finish this project!…resulting in STRESS SPIRALS. Not fun.. As it turns out, this is quite common. The theory (annoyingly, all behind paywalls) is that stress-motivated vasoconstriction-when blood vessels contract-is to blame. Despite sounding a wee terrifying, the vascular contraction isnt terribly dangerous in ...
Lydie, RE: I take it that you are of the opinion that the breathing on her own claim is a fake.. No, I do not think it is fake. Fake implies intentional fabrication. I dont think thats the case here. The only thing Ive seen that I can unequivocally call fakery was Attorney Dolans statement to the press about the MRI he displayed in his 2014 press conference. That was blatant and shameful misrepresentation, as any neurologist or radiologist can confirm. Was it intentional? Im inclined to think so, based on Dolans history.. As for the mothers claims that she is breathing, I think she is deeply, tragically mired in the confirmation bias that grips many families faced with tragic brain injury in a loved one. Ive spent a great deal of time around families trying to cope with these issues and have dealt with it in my own family. Some people veer off the rails in situations like this. I think Nailah truly believes that Jahi didnt die in 2013. She has adjusted her reality so that she can ...
Perhaps the greatest barrier to a archetype shift, in some cases, is the absoluteness of archetype paralysis: the disability or abnegation to see above the accepted models of thinking.9 This is agnate to what psychologists appellation Confirmation bias ...
Some people claim to have seen the curvature of the Earth out their airplane windows. The glass used in all commercial airplanes, however, is curved to remain flush with the fuselage. This creates a slight effect mixed with confirmation bias people mistake for being the alleged curvature of the Earth. In actuality, the fact that you can see the horizon at eye-level at 35,000 feet out both port/starboard windows proves the Earth is flat. If the Earth were a ball, no matter how big, the horizon would stay exactly where it was and you would have to look DOWN further and further to see the horizon at all. Looking straight out the window at 35,000 feet you should see nothing but outer-space from the port and starboard windows, as the Earth/horizon are supposed to be BELOW you. If they are visible at eye level outside both side windows, its because the Earth is flat!(1). ...
Confirmation bias, rewriting our past and high restaurant prices are all part of how we mistakenly think were smarter than we are, says author David McRaney
Why would anyone trust the reasoning of a few judges--experts in the law but no more expert than you or I when it comes to evaluating the testimony of medical experts--to the reasoning of thousands of experts in scientific medical research and practice? The answer is obvious and needs no comment from me except as a reminder of how important it is to know something about causal reasoning, confirmation bias, and the power of emotions to drive beliefs. (For those who are interested, I have posted a case study about a mother who became an anti-vaccinationist after her child died and she convinced herself that vaccines killed him.) For the record, Mary Holland is the co-editor of Vaccine Epidemic: How Corporate Greed, Biased Science and Coercive Government Threaten Our Human Rights.. So, on the one side there are those of us who believe the evidence overwhelmingly indicates that vaccines are safe, effective, and essential to public health. We believe that the evidence shows beyond a reasonable doubt ...
Its always nice to see evidence that supports your prior beliefs, which is why its important to avoid confirmation bias (seeking out confirming evidence, while ignoring or discounting the other kind). Since this ANU study of voters choices in the leadup to the May election is, AFAICT the only one to be published so far,…
The authors state that their data shows a clear survival advantage in those patients who undergo REBOA. Furthermore, this was accomplished without increasing systemic complications. They finally conclude that REBOA should be strongly considered for patients in shock due to pelvic trauma.. Not quite so fast here. There are several more factors in play than meet the eye.. First, a study that massages a REBOA database was generally constructed to see if REBOA is beneficial, especially in this time of rapid investigation. And it was performed by institutions who are using it regularly. This could introduce a significant degree of confirmation bias, since we all try to see what we already believe to be true (REBOA is good).. The authors are basing this clear survival advantage on overall mortality where only a few confounding factors have been controlled for. The GCS wild-card here is a perfect example. It could have considerably contributed to mortality in the open group, making it look bad. ...
My grumpy old lady and I are looking for a place to rent! I work for Coles and mostly do nightshift, and Roxy likes sleeping in high places and screaming at you when you go near her food bowl. Ideally Im looking for my own place but am willing to share with one other relatively clean woman. ...
1st Edition Published on January 9, 2008 by CRC Press Fishes are by far the most species-rich vertebrate taxon, and it is also the vertebrate group with the mos
Boland Hospice Overview 2019/2020. ​. Our Board of Directors is confirmed yearly at our Annual General Meeting: Board 2019/2020:. Ronel du Plessis(Chairperson) - outgoing end of term as per Constitution. Dr. Sjaska Jacobs (vice Chairperson ). Pieter Plaatjies (Treasurer). Kurt Paulse. Joseph Matsau - outgoing end of term as per constitution. Marissa Bezuidenhout. Carin van Staden. ​. Board 2020/2021. ​. Kurt Paulse (Chairperson). Dr Sjaska Hunter (Secretary). Pieter Plaatjies (Treasurer). Marissa Bezuidenhout. Carin van Staden. Lameze Kariem - re appointed after year break as per Constitution. Our auditors are Price Waterhouse Coopers and we have received a clean audit annually since inception. PWC proposed as auditors for 2020/2021.. ​. ​. AFS 2019/2020. ​. We have lodged our Memorandum of Incorporation with CIPC and our constitution with Department of Social Development NPO Directorate. The contents of these two documents is the same, the format differs in places according to ...