Genome-Wide Investigation and Expression Analyses of WD40 Protein Family in the Model Plant Foxtail Millet Setaria italica L.. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Second generation feedstocks for bioethanol will likely include a sizable proportion of perennial C4 grasses, principally in the Panicoideae clade. The Panicoideae contain agronomically important annual grasses including Zea mays L. (maize), Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench (sorghum), and Saccharum officinarum L. (sugar cane) as well as promising second generation perennial feedstocks including Miscanthus x giganteus and Panicum virgatum L. (switchgrass). The underlying complexity of these polyploid grass genomes is a major limitation for their direct manipulation and thus driving a need for rapidly cycling comparative model. Setaria viridis (green millet) is a rapid cycling C4 Panicoid grass with a relatively small and sequenced diploid genome and abundant seed production. Stable, transient and protoplast transformation technologies have also been developed for S. viridis making it a potentially excellent model for other C4 bioenergy grasses. Here, the lignocellulosic feedstock composition, cellulose
Plant Characteristics: Leafy, fine-stemmed perennial with a cylindrical seed head. Establishment: Foxtail millet has a good drought tolerance. It can be grown throughout the state. Planting is best from May to July. Seeding can be drilled at rates of 15 to 20 lb/ac or broadcast at 20 to 30 lb/ac. It should be planted at a 1/4 to 1/2-inch depth. Fertilization: Responds well to
The wild antecedent of foxtail millet has been securely identified as Setaria viridis, which is interfertile with foxtail millet; wild or weedy forms of foxtail millet also exist. Zohary and Hopf note that the primary difference between the wild and cultivated forms is "their seed dispersal biology. Wild and weedy forms shatter their seed while the cultivars retain them."[10] The reference genome for foxtail millet was completed in 2012.[7][11][12] Genetic comparisons also confirm that S. viridis is the antecedent of S. italica.[7] The earliest evidence of the cultivation of this grain comes from the Peiligang culture of China, which also cultivated Panicum miliaceum, but foxtail millet became the predominant grain only with the Yangshao culture.[10] More recently, the Cishan culture of China has been identified as the earliest to domesticate foxtail millet around 6500-5500 BC.[13] The earliest evidence for foxtail millet cultivation outside of its native distribution is at Chengtoushan in the ...
The root microbes play pivotal roles in plant productivity, nutrient uptakes and disease resistance. The root microbial community structure has been extensively investigated by 16S/18S/ITS amplicons and metagenomic sequencing in crops and model plants. However, the functional associations between root microbes and host plant growth are poorly understood. This work investigates the root bacterial community of foxtail millet (Setaria italica) and its potential effects on host plant productivity. |br| We determined the bacterial composition of 2,882 samples from foxtail millet rhizoplane, rhizosphere and corresponding bulk soils from two well-separated geographic locations by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. We identified 16,109 OTUs, and defined 187 OTUs as shared rhizoplane core OTUs. The β-diversity analysis revealed that microhabitat was the major factor shaping foxtail millet root bacterial community, followed by geographic locations. Large-scale association analysis identified the potential
Minor millets are under-exploited plant species often dubbed as Crops for the future as they are best adapted to less fertile area and can survive limited water situations and relatively free from pests and diseases. Degenerate oligo-PCR strategy was employed to isolate resistant gene analogues from minor millets by amplifying samples using NBS-LRR gene specific primers. Genomic DNA was isolated from the young leaves of minor millets viz., Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) var. CO 5 and Finger millet (Eleusine corocana) var. CO (Ra) 14 by following CTAB method with minor modifications. PCR amplification of the genomic DNA with degenerate primers, revealed presence of 500bp product in the minor millet samples typical to the size of other reported R-gene analogues. The amplicons TENAIKKM1 sequenced was of size 527 bases and RagiKKM1 was of size 509 bases, the sequences with high similarity to NBS-LRR family are deposited in GenBank, NCBI. In silico characterization of the sequences were done using
The genus Setaria is widely distributed in warm and temperate areas. Foxtail millet is the most economically valuable of the genus. Foxtail millet is one of the world s oldest cultivated crops. Foxtail was the most important plant food in the neolithic culture in China, and its domestication and cultivation was the earliest identifiable manifestation of this culture, the beginning of which has been estimated at over 4,000 years ago (Chang 1968). Foxtail millet is also known as Italian millet, German millet, or hay millet (Baltensperger 1996). Malm and Rachie (1971) thoroughly reviewed the domestication of foxtail millets and the taxonomy.. Foxtail millet was and is by far the most important millet in China, although the growing area of it declined from 1986 to 1990 as maize increased (Jiaju and Yuzhi 1993). China produced more than 90% of the world foxtail output, according to 1981 to 1985 estimates (Dendy 1995).. In the US, foxtail millet was introduced from the old world about the middle of ...
Deliciously erotic, the Setaria Open Triangle Bra is something very special. Slim spaghetti straps in emerald green delicately outline the bust whilst Setarias intricate golden embroidery partially lines the under part of the cup, exposing your breasts. A silk band fastens at the front for easy removal any time. Delicate teal straps form a racerback with adjustable sliders for maximum comfort. Pair with the Setaria Open Knicker for an erotic night you wont forget.. Rich in regal opulence, Setaria is golden in colour and in nature. French leaf embroidery adorns the collection, glittering and glinting at any reflection of light. Teal silk accompanies the embroidery, adding the final flourish to each piece in the Setaria collection. ...
Many important crops are members of the Poaceae family, which develop root systems characterized by a high degree of root initiation from the belowground basal nodes of the shoot, termed the crown. Although this postembryonic shoot-borne root system represents the major conduit for water uptake, little is known about the effect of water availability on its development. Here we demonstrate that in the model C4 grass Setaria viridis, the crown locally senses water availability and suppresses postemergence crown root growth under a water deficit. This response was observed in field and growth room environments and in all grass species tested. Luminescence-based imaging of root systems grown in soil-like media revealed a shift in root growth from crown-derived to primary root-derived branches, suggesting that primary root-dominated architecture can be induced in S. viridis under certain stress conditions. Crown roots of Zea mays and Setaria italica, domesticated relatives of teosinte and S. viridis, ...
Foxtail and Proso Millet. D.D. Baltensperger 1996. p.182-190. In: J. Janick (ed.), Progress in New Crops. ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA. Progress with Proso, Pearl and Other Millets David D. Baltensperger Millets: Alternative Field Crops Manual, University of Wisconson Cooperative Extension Service, University of Minnesota Extension Service, Center for Alternative Plant & Animal Products. Variation in electrophoregrams of total seed protein and Wx protein in foxtail millet. Afzal, M., M. Kawase, H. Nakayama, and K. Okuno. 1996. p. 191-195. In: J. Janick (ed.), Progress in new crops. ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA. Foxtail Millet In: Magness J.R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States.. ...
The overall aim of this research was to develop genomic and genetic tools in foxtail millet that will be useful in improving biomass production in bioenergy crops such as switchgrass, napier grass, and pearl millet. A variety of approaches have been implemented, and our lab has been primarily involved in genome analysis and quantitative genetic analysis. Our progress in these activities has been substantially helped by the genomic sequence of foxtail millet produced by the Joint Genome Institute (Bennetzen et al., in prep). In particular, the annotation and analysis of candidate genes for architecture, biomass production and flowering has led to new insights into the control of branching and flowering time, and has shown how closely related flowering time is to vegetative architectural development and biomass accumulation. The differences in genetic control identified at high and low density plantings have direct relevance to the breeding of bioenergy grasses that are tolerant of high planting densities
nucleus, DNA-binding transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding, transcription regulatory region DNA binding, cell differentiation
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Flowering is a major developmental transition in the life-history of plants, and the genetic manipulation of flowering time has been crucial in the domestication and spread of cereal grasses such as wheat, rice, and maize. However, much of our knowledge on the genetic control of flowering in grasses is derived from studies in rice, and it is unclear to what extent flowering time pathways are shared across grasses, or what the relative importance of the separate pathways are in the different grass subfamilies. Our understanding of the genetics of flowering time is particularly poor in the subfamily Panicoideae, containing sorghum and maize, where relatively few genes controlling flowering have been identified. In addition to sorghum and maize, in the tribe Andropogoneae, a third species of panicoid grass, foxtail millet (Setaria italica), in the tribe Paniceae, recently has been sequenced (Bennetzen et al. 2012). The availability of a recombinant inbred mapping population and a dense genetic map ...
The Genetics Society of America (GSA), founded in 1931, is the professional membership organization for scientific researchers and educators in the field of genetics. Our members work to advance knowledge in the basic mechanisms of inheritance, from the molecular to the population level.. Online ISSN: 2160-1836. ...
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Essai dune Nouvelle Agrostographie; ou Nouveaux Genres des Graminées; Avec Figures Représentant les Caractéres de tous le Genres. Imprimerie de Fain. Paris 51, 170, 178. ...
Setaria faberi, the Japanese bristlegrass, nodding bristle-grass, Chinese foxtail, Chinese millet, giant bristlegrass, giant foxtail or nodding foxtail, is an Asian grass. It is a summer annual, with plants emerging from seeds in the spring, and setting seeds in the late summer or fall. Giant foxtails prefer compacted soils, high in nitrogen and phosphorus. The plant gains a competitive edge on crops as the soil pH increases. Giant foxtail has been introduced to North America, where it is a widespread weed. It is a significant pest of corn, reducing crop yields by 13-14% at average plant distributions. Mechanical control of giant foxtails by night tillage, rotary hoeing, or flaming is very difficult. Crop rotation with two years of alfalfa effectively reduces giant foxtail populations. Herbicides can effectively control the plant when it is growing amongst broadleaf crops, but are less effective when it is infesting corn. "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 13 ...
ID K3Z5J1_SETIT Unreviewed; 507 AA. AC K3Z5J1; DT 28-NOV-2012, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 28-NOV-2012, sequence version 1. DT 07-JUN-2017, entry version 37. DE RecName: Full=Phosphotransferase {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU362007}; DE EC=2.7.1.- {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU362007}; GN Name=LOC101765641 {ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:Si021809m}; GN ORFNames=SETIT_021809mg {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KQL14677.1}; OS Setaria italica (Foxtail millet) (Panicum italicum). OC Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; OC Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Liliopsida; Poales; Poaceae; OC PACMAD clade; Panicoideae; Panicodae; Paniceae; Cenchrinae; Setaria. OX NCBI_TaxID=4555 {ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:Si021809m}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KQL14677.1, ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:Si021809m, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000004995} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=cv. Yugu1 {ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:Si021809m, RC ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000004995}, and Yugu1 RC ...
Typical LEA proteins can retain water molecules and protect other proteins from aggregation or desiccation because of their highly hydrophilic properties [44]. Conversely, atypical LEA proteins have higher content of hydrophobic residues than typical LEAs. The latter have been speculated to be involved in diverse stress tolerances, although few studies have been carried out to characterize their functions [5],[23],[25]. Here, we reported the identification and characterization of SiLEA14, a novel atypical LEA member, in foxtail millet.. As a key phytohormone, ABA plays an important role in plant stress responses. Osmotic stress-regulated genes can be activated through both ABA-dependent and ABA-independent pathways [45]. However, it is considered that stress-signalling pathways for the activation of LEA-like genes completely independent of ABA may not exist [1]. In our study, SiLEA14 accumulation was remarkably induced by ABA and peaked rapidly after 1 h treatment (Figure 3). In addition, ...
Setaria paniculifera (Steud.) E. Fourn. ex Hemsl., Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 3: 505. 1885; Panicum paniculiferum Steud.. Perennes cespitosas; tallos 100 400 cm de largo, erectos, glabros o híspidos cerca de los nudos. Vainas carinadas, papiloso-híspidas; lígula hasta 2 mm de largo, híspida; láminas lanceoladas, 30 60 cm de largo y 100 mm de ancho, plegadas, híspidas, pseudopecioladas. Inflorescencia paniculada, anchamente ovoide, 25 60 cm de largo y 10 25 cm de ancho, abierta, eje escabroso, ramas 6 35 cm de largo, cerdas hasta 18 mm de largo, 1 presente en algunas de las espiguillas, antrorsamente escabrosa; espiguillas ovadas, 3.2 3.8 mm de largo, acuminadas; gluma inferior 1.8 2 mm de largo, 3 4-nervia, gluma superior 2.4 2.7 mm de largo, 5-nervia; lema inferior tan larga como la espiguilla, 5-nervia; pálea inferior presente o ausente; lema superior escasamente más corta que la espiguilla, rugulosa; anteras 1 1.5 mm de largo.. Común, orillas de caminos, pastizales, bosques, zonas ...
The effect of NaCl on total peroxidase activity, induction of isoperoxidases and lipid peroxidation in 5-day-old seedlings of two contrasting genotypes of Setaria italica L. (Prasad, a salt tolerant cultivar and Lepakshi, a salt susceptible cultivar), was studied. Total peroxidase activity increased under NaCl salinity and the degree of elevation in the activity was salt concentration dependent. Nevertheless, a greater activity was recorded in the tolerant cultivar (cv Prasad) compared to the susceptible (cv Lepakshi) one in all days of sampling. Further, the pattern of isoperoxidases was modified during stress conditions as evident from the electrophoregrams. Although, five acidic isoforms were detected in both cultivars, differences were found between the cultivars. Furthermore, it was observed that acidic isoperoxidases were strongly expressed and an acidic isoperoxidase, A(3p) (27 kDa) is specifically found in the tolerant cultivar (cv Prasad) under NaCl stress. This isoform was partially ...
MAKER-P version 3.1 was used to annotate genes in the Mo17 genome, which used a comprehensive strategy by combining results obtained from protein homology-based prediction, RNA-seq-based prediction, and ab initio prediction. We used the same evidence that was used for previous B73 gene annotations, with addition of Mo17-specific RNA-seq datasets. All annotated proteins from Sorghum bicolor,Oryza sativa, Setaria italica, Brachypodium distachyon and Arabidopsis thaliana were downloaded from Gramene.org release 48 and used for protein homology-based prediction. 74,471 assembled transcripts from Mo17 multiple tissues, full-length transcripts from B73 Iso-seq, another set of 69,163 publicly available full- length cDNAs from B73 deposited in Genbank, a total of 1,574,442 Trinity-assembled transcripts from 94 B73 RNA-Seq experiments, and 112,963 transcripts assembled from deep sequencing of a B73 seedling were collected and included as transcript evidence. Augustus and FGENESH were used to ab initio ...
In other cases, the normalized and non-normalized data (Table 2 and 1, respectively) were coincident, as for the three Copia superfamily lineages that showed to be important size contributors to some of the genomes (Ale 43 % - Vitis vinifera, Angela 28.2 % - Setaria italica and Maximus 36 % - Zea mays). While in the three Gypsy lineages that proved to be important size contributors (Athila, CRM and Del), only CRM in Glycine max showed the same profile after normalization. Thus, the lineage genome-contribution signature for these four cases is maintained not only as "total copy-number" but also as a lineage contribution to the LTR-RTs genome content (Tables 1 and 2).. Furthermore, the Gypsy superfamily is more represented in the studied plant genomes than the Copia superfamily, both in terms of "total copy-number" and as the major contributor to the LTR-RTs content (normalized data not shown). This is confirmed by previous studies using complete and non-complete LTR-RTs elements and analyzing up ...
Acta anaesthesiologica italica , Acta anaesthesiologica italica , کتابخانه دیجیتالی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات درمانی شهید بهشتی
Delicious, warming, and with a hearty dose of sneaky healthy foods (cauliflower, mushrooms, mirin, millet, onions, and garlic) - this potato mash will be a huge hit with your entire family (kids included) and a perfect addition to a warming holiday meal. Millet is a versatile, gluten free, heart-healthy whole grain. Mildly sweet, light and fluffy, it cooks in 30 minutes and is a brilliant addition to your mash. Millet was the prevalent grain of China before rice. In 2005 in northwestern China archeologists unearthed a perfectly preserved 4000 year old bowl containing long yellow noodles made from foxtail millet (!) This cereal grain is something worth experimenting once youve perfected your quinoa making abilities!. Serves 4 , Prep Time 15 mins , Cook Time 35 mins. ...
For vascular plants occurring in wildlands or otherwise outside of cultivation in California, the Jepson eFlora contains taxonomic treatments, distribution maps, illustrations, photographs, and identification keys.
Development of SEINet, Symbiota, and several of the specimen databases have been supported by National Science Foundation Grants (DBI 9983132, BRC 0237418, DBI 0743827, DBI 0847966 ...
Essai dune Nouvelle Agrostographie; ou Nouveaux Genres des Graminées; Avec Figures Représentant les Caractéres de tous le Genres. Imprimerie de Fain. Paris 51, 178. ...
This is yellow foxtail (Setaria glauca), a grass whose golden bristles give it a glow, as though it comes with its own backlight ...
The value of Arabidopsis and rice as models for dicotyledonous and monocotyledonous plants, respectively, has been considerably strengthened by the comparative approach. But can we extrapolate between the two?. At the level of the gene, we can. For example, having isolated the Arabidopsis gibberellin-insensitive dwarfing gene (29), an important question in N. P. Harberds lab at the John Innes Centre (JIC) was whether GAI was a homolog of the dwarfing genes that are crucial for the high-yielding semidwarf wheats now grown worldwide. A rice expressed sequence tag (EST) with homology at the amino acid level was found. Mapping of the EST was difficult in rice and wheat but possible in foxtail millet. Excitingly, it mapped in a region that matched the location of the dwarfing genes on the group 4 chromosomes of wheat. Work is now under way to clone the wheat genes and other homoeoalleles, including the maize dominant dwarf, D8 (30).. At the genome level, a key question remains as to whether or to ...
Foxtail millet (a seed not grain) reduces blood sugar, triglyceride level and is an antioxidant. It is largely grown in China and Southern states of India especially Andhra Pradesh ...
The Eveland laboratorys research findings, Brassinosteroids modulate meristem fate and differentiation of unique inflorescence morphology in Setaria viridis, were recently published in the journal The Plant Cell.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Multivariate analysis of the relationship between clinical-biological characteristics and progression in patients with prostate cancer stage C. AU - Mirone, V.. AU - Prezioso, D.. AU - Imbimbo, C.. AU - Iacono, F.. AU - Palmieri, A.. AU - Russo, A.. AU - De Placido, S.. AU - Perrone, F.. PY - 1989. Y1 - 1989. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024909236&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024909236&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Article. AN - SCOPUS:0024909236. VL - 3. SP - 87. EP - 90. JO - Acta Urologica Italica. JF - Acta Urologica Italica. SN - 0394-2511. IS - 4 SUPPL. 1. ER - ...
context source (Introduced species) Frenot, Y.; Chown, S. L.; Whinam, J.; Selkirk, P. M.; Convey, P.; Skotnicki, M.; Bergstrom, D. M. (2005). Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications. Biological Reviews. 80(1): 45-72., available online at https://doi.org/10.1017/s1464793104006542 [details] ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Arthraxon P. Beauv. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Sridhar, R.; Lakshminarayana, G., 1994: Contents of total lipids and lipid classes and composition of fatty acids in small millets: foxtail (Setaria italica), proso (Panicum miliaceum), and finger (Eleusine coracana)
Genera In Family: 650--900 genera; +- 10550 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials). Note: Generally wind-pollinated. Achnatherum, Ampelodesmos, Hesperostipa, Nassella, Piptatherum, Piptochaetium, Ptilagrostis moved to Stipa; Elytrigia, Leymus, Pascopyrum, Pseudoroegneria, Taeniatherum to Elymus; Hierochloe to Anthoxanthum; Lolium, Vulpia to Festuca; Lycurus to Muhlenbergia; Monanthochloe to Distichlis; Pleuraphis to Hilaria; Rhynchelytrum to Melinis. The following taxa (in genera not included here), recorded in California from historical collections or reported in literature, are extirpated, lacking vouchers, or not considered naturalized: Acrachne racemosa (Roth) Ohwi, Allolepis texana (Vasey) Soderstr. & H.F. Decker, Amphibromus nervosus (Hook. f.) Baill., Axonopus affinis Chase, Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm., Coix lacryma-jobi L., Cutandia ...
Studies were carried out in 1998-2001 in Michigan, USA, to determine the effect of glyphosate application timing and row spacing (38 and 76 cm for glyphosate-resistant maize hybrid DK 493RR and 19, 38 and 76 cm for soyabean cv. 92B71) on the yield of these crops. Glyphosate was applied when average weed canopy height reached 5, 10, 15, 23, and 30 cm. The weeds present in these studies included velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti), redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus), common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia), common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album), jimsonweed (Datura stramonium), barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli), fall panicum (Panicum dichotomiflorum), giant foxtail (Setaria faberi), yellow foxtail (Setaria glauca [S. pumila]), green foxtail (Setaria viridis), and eastern black nightshade (Solanum ptycanthum). Under highly competitive growing conditions (below normal rainfall and high weed density), maize yield was first reduced when weeds reached 10 and 15 cm in height with maize ...
Pseudomonas fluorescens BRG100 produces secondary metabolites with herbicidal activity to the grass weeds wild oat, Avena fatua, and green foxtail, Setaria viridis. The green fluorescence protein (gfp) gene was introduced into P. fluorescens BRG100 from Escherichia coli S17-1¥ë via a Tn5 mini transposon suicide vector system. Colony morphology, growth rate in liquid media, weed biocontrol efficacy (plant growth pouch), carbon utilization (Biolog GN) and root colonization of green foxtail by several P. fluorescens BRG100gfp transformants were determined to be the same as the wild type. Pseudomonas fluorescens BRGgfp-15 was found to be most similar to the wild-type in all of the above characteristics and was thus used in subsequent experiments. Note: all strains of Pseudomonas fluorescens will be referred to by only their strain throughout (ie. BRGgfp-15 and BRG100). It was determined by population dynamics per section of root with spiral plating on culture medium, epi-fluorescence and confocal ...
Centre of Excellence Developments in Platform Technologies Transformation Systems Cell suspension cultures of Lolium multiflorum, Setaria viridis and Brachypodium distachyon have been generated and will be used in conjunction with previously established barley, rice, wheat and Arabidopsis cell culture and transformation systems. The sequenced genomes and genetic resources for rice and Arabidopsis have been supplemented by our access in 2011 to the barley genome scaffold sequence through our colleagues PI Waugh and Dr David Marshall from the James Hutton Institute in Dundee. The genome sequence will greatly accelerate our progress in reverse genetics approaches to the identification of candidate genes. A particular advantage of the Lolium multiflorum cultures, in which cell walls commonly consist of 20-30% (1,3;1,4)-ß-D--glucan, is that we can now generate and rapidly harvest hundreds of grams of biological material, including the cell walls themselves or membrane fractions and proteins that are
Buy Organic foodsFoxtail millet / Navane (Uttrakhand) Foxtail millet has a sweet nutty flavour and is very high in nutrients. Comprised of 15% protein, it is rich in zinc, niacin, magnesium, phosphorus and thiamine, but low in fats. An extremely digestible grain, it is also full of fibre, leaving you full long after you?ve eaten. Millets are also rich in phytochemicals and sulphur-containing amino acids, helping your body function properly. A word of caution: foxtail can cause poor iodine absorption, so please increase sources of iodine in your diet.?
An epidemiological survey of setaria in the abdominal cavities of Iranian sistani and brahman cattle in the southeastern of iran.
Abstract: The EST-SSR molecular markers of common millet (Panicum miliaceum) were developed by high-throughput sequencing. Using these markers, we assessed the genetic diversity in a panel of 144 common millet accessions collected from different ecotopic regions in China and abroad. It was shown that 80 pairs of these markers were polymorphic, with the efficiency of approximately 40%. The resolution power (Rp) was 0.67-4.67 (mean 2.00) and the amplified product sizes ranged from 50 to 500 bp. Among the examined 144 accessions, 206 allelic variations were identified in 80 loci, with 2-3 alleles at each locus. The Shannons diversity index (I) ranged from 0.659 3 (RYW108) to 1.087 2 (RYW124) with an average of 0.859 9. The range of polymorphism information content (PIC) was 0.222 9 (RYW98) -0.717 2 (RYW124) with an average of 0.457 3. Based on UPGMA, these 144 accessions were classified into 3 groups, two of which belonged to the the Northern China spring-sowing ecotopes and one group was mainly ...
One of the biggest problems today is pollution. Contamination with heavy metals which includes the lead (Pb), is a distinct problem because metals are not biodegradable and have negative impact on the living world. Ecologically and enivronmentally acceptable solution provides a new biotehnological process called phytoremediation, which is based on the ability of plants to clean and restore contaminated area. This study was used to assay the effect of lead on the growth of poplar (Populus nigra var. italica), phytoextraction potential of poplar for lead, his redistribution in certain parts of the plant, (H2O2), and the effects of lead in the soil on the activity of antioxidant enzymes like superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APOX), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and glutathione reductase (GR). All of the results together inicate that the studied poplar (Populus nigra var. italica) can be considered as a species with the potential use in ...
Crop science research today is top-heavy with work on just 3 species: wheat, maize and rice. However, advances in knowledge on these 3 crops will neither b
Aphididae: Anoecia cornicola [found on dogwood shrubs as primary hosts, migrating during the summer to the roots of grasses] BE2013, Anoecia setariae [feeds on roots of grasses] BE2013, Pemphigus populi-transversus HF1931, Rhopalosiphum maidis (Corn Leaf Aphid) RB1965, Sipha elegans [found on upper sides of grass leaves, causing them to roll upward & develop yellow patches; this aphid has been found in Illinois, it also occurs in Eurasia] BE2013, Sipha flava (Yellow Sugar Cane Aphid) [found on leaf blades of various grasses & sedges; this aphid is widely distributed in the USA, including Illinois] BE2013, Sitobion avenae (English Grain Aphid) RB1965, Stegophylla querci (Woolly Oak Aphid) HF1931, Tetraneura nigriabdominalis [forms stalked elongated galls on elm leaves, migrating during the summer to the roots of various grasses; this aphid was introduced into North America from E Asia] BE2013; Pseudococcidae: Dysmicoccus junceus (Juncus Mealybug) [feeds on roots; this insect is widely distributed ...
Brachypodium distachyon is a small, rapidly growing grass that serves as a model for candidate bioenergy grasses such as Miscanthus and switchgrass. For this reason, in 2010, the B. distachyon genome was sequenced and annotated as part of the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI), a DOE Office of Science user facility, Community Science Program. To further accelerate research in the development of biofuel feedstocks, a project to sequence thousands of B. distachyon mutants was selected for the 2015 Community Science Program portfolio. The library of sequenced mutants will aid researchers in studying and rapidly identifying and ordering plants with mutations in any gene in its genome. Using a forward genetic screen, a Stanford University team identified a B. distachyonsubsidiary cell identify defective (sid) mutant; this mutant is unable to produce subsidiary cells. By comparing the whole genome sequence of B. distachyon with the sid mutant, a 5-base pair deletion in the ...