TY - JOUR. T1 - Socioeconomic status and exercise self-efficacy in late life. AU - Clark, Daniel O.. AU - Patrick, Donald L.. AU - Grembowski, David. AU - Durham, Mary L.. PY - 1995/8/1. Y1 - 1995/8/1. N2 - Self-efficacy, or assessments about ones ability to carry out particular tasks, has been shown to play a central role in the adoption and maintenance of exercise. The relationship between exercise self-efficacy and socioeconomic status (SES), however, has not been formally developed or tested, and the implications of SES for exercise interventions are not known. We hypothesize pathways through which income, education, and occupation affect self-efficacy and capitalize on the availability of responses from 1944 older HMO enrollees to investigate the direct and indirect associations of SES indicators with exercise self-efficacy. Direct associations of age and education are found. Indirect associations of age, income, education, and occupation operate primarily through previous exercise ...
Low levels of physical activity in children have been linked to an increased risk of obesity, but many children lack confidence in relation to exercise (exercise self-efficacy). Factors which can impact on confidence include a chronic health condition such as asthma, poor motor skills and being overweight. Increasing levels of physical activity have obvious benefits for children with asthma and children who are overweight, but few activity interventions with children specifically target children with low exercise self-efficacy (ESE). This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of a schools-based activity programme suitable for children with risk factors for adult obesity, including asthma, overweight and low exercise self-efficacy. A clustered (at the level of school) RCT will be used to compare a targeted, 10 week, stepped activity programme (activity diary, dance DVD, circuit-training and motivational interviewing) designed to promote ESE. We will recruit 20 primary schools to participate
A collaborative study including Dr. Helen Bland, professor of community health and behavior education at the Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health examines American rural womens exercise self-efficacy and awareness of exercise benefits and safety during pregnancy. Though the positive link between physical activity and maternal health is well documented, physical activity declines during pregnancy and, internationally, rural mothers are less likely than urban mothers to engage in physical activity. Some evidence suggests that self-efficacy is related to sustained engagement in physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine self-efficacy, perceived benefits, and knowledge of safe exercise among 88 rural pregnant women in a southeastern region of the United States. Exercise self-efficacy was significantly related to maternal age and gestation. Women over age 26 years, and those in the second and third trimesters, scored significantly higher than younger women or those in the first trimester
This study examined the relationship between self-concept and self-efficacy in young children to determine the stability of each construct in the context of being presented with experiential information. The relationship between self-concept and self-efficacy in young children was examined to determine the strength of the correlation between the two constructs, as well as their respective relationships with gender. In addition, the stability of each construct was examined. One hundred and sixty-nine first grade students ranging in age from five to six participated in the study. The subjects were drawn from two elementary schools in a suburban town on Long Island, NY. Two instruments were used to assess the variables. The Self-Description Questionnaire I was used to measure global self-concept. The Self-Efficacy Questionnaire was used to measure self-efficacy beliefs pertaining to a select puzzle (tangram) task. The SDQ-I and Self-Efficacy Questionnaire were administered in three time intervals (baseline
This study examined the relationship between anxiety, depression, perceived self-efficacy and biographical variables, before and after the termination of a first trimester pregnancy. Seventy-six participants were recruited from three health facilities in the Western Cape, South Africa. Scores on the State-Trait Anxiety Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory and a Self-Efficacy Scale revealed that high levels of state-anxiety and moderate levels of depression were experienced before abortion. Levels of anxiety and depression generally decreased significantly within a three-week period after the abortion. High self-efficacy was related to lower levels of anxiety and depression. Higher levels of education and self-efficacy and low levels of depression, trait-anxiety and gestational age were significantly related to healthy short-term adjustment. It was shown that pre-abortion depression and self-efficacy scores had the power to predict post-abortion depression.. ...
Results Baseline assessment observed no significant differences between experimental and control groups for the variables related to outcomes. For the experimental group, the proportion of subjects with normal HbA1c increased from 4.5% (3/66) at baseline to 28.6% (19/66) at week 28 (p,0.001), but there was insignificant improvement in the control group (3.9% to 11.8%, p=0.13). Repeated measure of analysis of variance showed pronounced improvement in DM self efficacy scale and BMI among the experimental group with significant interaction. Dietary behaviours also improved significantly in the experimental group. ...
The relationships between age, gender, coping styles, self-efficacy, health status, comorbidity, and health care use and costs were examined in an older HMO population suffering from osteoarthritis. Several models of the relationships between these variables were studied. Comorbidity and self-efficacy together explained 18.6% of the variance in...
The psychometric properties of Chinese version of SCI Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale in patients with stroke Xiaofang Dong,1 Yanjin Liu,2 Aixia Wang,3 Min Wang41Neurology Department, 2Nursing Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, Peoples Republic of ChinaObjective: To test the Chinese version of the SCI Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (C-ESES) in stroke patients and evaluate its validity and reliability.Background: Physical inactivity is a well established and changeable risk factor for stroke, and regular exercise of 3-7 days per week is essential for stroke survivors and the general population. Though regular exercise is beneficial, it has been proved that duration, frequency, and intensity of exercise are generally low in stroke survivors.Methods: The performance of the instrument was assessed intab 350 Chinese stroke survivors and repeated in 50 patients to examine test-retest reliability. Questionnaires included a form on demographic and
Exercise behaviour changes in patients with chronic illnesses and exercise self-efficacy were studied. Fifty-one per cent were in the contemplation stage and 29% in maintenance. Sixty-one per cent of the patients were non-adopters and 39% were adopters. Self-efficacy scores in stages four and five were significantly higher than in stage two. In patients with one chronic condition 55% were non-adopters compared to 71% with more than one condition ...
The proposed intervention uses education to increase knowledge and skill building to influence behavior-specific self-efficacy and outcome expectations. In addition to providing general information regarding drug use and diseases, the cue-cards include information that is designed to raise awareness regarding perceived threats (perceived susceptibility and perceived severity) related to HIV and other STIs and blood-borne infections, which increases motivation to reduce risk behaviors. The cue-cards also provide information regarding risk reduction strategies. The cue-cards also contain instructions on how to anticipate and avoid risky situations (e.g., using alcohol or drugs prior to sex). This information is augmented with an exercise that involves modeling and guided practice. This combination of information and exercises modifies outcome expectations by increasing confidence (i.e., perceived self-efficacy) that a protective action can be ...
Using data from the 2004-2007 National Study of Living Learning Programs, the only national dataset offering longitudinal information on outcomes associated with living-learning (L/L) program particip
Chinese patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who received health education did not report enhanced confidence in managing either of their conditions on discharge.. In a qualitative study conducted at a coronary care unit of a major hospital in Shanghai, China, researchers surveyed and interviewed 21 participants at discharge and home follow-up.. In the survey, most participants (n=17; 81%) did not believe they had sufficient education or ability to manage both conditions. More concerning was that most participants (n=16; 76%) reported low self-efficacy in the management of ACS symptoms.. Three major themes were identified from the survey: self-management of ACS and T2DM represents a complex interplay between individual self-efficacy, knowledge and skills, as individuals navigate shifting self-management priorities due to perceived condition severity; the social environment is integral to lifestyle and behaviour change; and managing multiple health ...
The aim of the present study was to identify whether mother, father, sibling and friend smoking were associated with cognitive vulnerability to smoking among 9-10 year old children from deprived neighbourhoods in Merseyside, England. The results indicate that sibling and friend smoking may represent more salient influences on childrens cognitive vulnerability to smoking than mother and father smoking. Moreover, some differential effects were observed by gender, suggesting that social factors may, in part, influence the antecedents of smoking behaviour in boys and girls differently. These findings extend the LLSS [31-33] and add to the limited evidence base in preadolescent children.. SLT proposes that behaviour, perceptions of behaviour and the environment interact to influence one another [15]. In accordance with SLT [15], parents have previously been considered to be the most important influences on children during the primary school years [53], while peer influences become increasingly more ...
is certainly a chronic disease seen as a high blood sugar levels and triggered either with a deficiency of insulin or a defect in the way the body responds to insulin. pressure has been proven to prevent or delay complications of diabetes.9 Involving patients in their care through self-management is of utmost importance to achieving these goals. Yet self-management is hard to attain and maintain because of the complexity of the processes involved and having less motivation and abilities for some sufferers.10 Frequently reported barriers to self-management11 12 include knowledge deficits poor patient-provider communication low self-efficacy restrictions of your time or resources financial constraints insufficient individualized and coordinated caution and life style differences among family. An extensive overview of 16 research identified obstacles from five different perspectives: psychosocial socioeconomic physical environmental and ethnic.13 It really is widely thought that educating sufferers ...
Within the last three decades there has been a surge of interest in how teacher beliefs affect the teaching and learning process. A major focus of the research in teacher beliefs has been in understanding the nature of teacher self-efficacy beliefs and how it affects the choices, decisions, and effectiveness of teachers. Bandura's work (1982, 1986, 1993,1996,1997), developed and defended the idea that our beliefs in our abilities affect our behavior, motivation, and ultimately our successes and failures. Bandura (1986), Dewey (1997), and Parajes (1992) suggest beliefs are the best predictors of individual behaviors and that beliefs influence teachers' perceptions, judgments, and practices. This study, a cross-sectional design experiment, examines key variables that might influence teacher expectations. To that end, this study seeks to: (a) provide a limited overview of teachers' self-reported efficacy beliefs; (b) examine the influence of these beliefs on student
The mediating role of sense of community in the relationship among principals characteristics, district characteristics, and self-efficacy beliefs of public school principals in Florida ...
This study evaluated the impact of Katatagan, a culturally adapted, group-based, and mindfulness-informed resilience intervention developed for disaster survivors in the Philippines. The intervention aimed to teach six adaptive coping skills: harnessing strengths, managing physical reactions, managing thoughts and emotions, seeking solutions and support, identifying positive activities, and planning for the future. Pre- and post-intervention assessments were conducted with 163 Typhoon Haiyan survivors. Six-month follow-up assessments were obtained for 37 participants. Pre- and post-results showed improvements in participants self-efficacy on all six coping skills. The 6-month follow-up revealed significant improvements in four of the six coping skills. Focus group discussions conducted at follow-up revealed that mindfulness, self-care, strengths, and reframing were some of the topics that were most memorable to participants. Among these, participants identified mindfulness as a skill that they ...
Self-Efficacy In Nursing|Self efficacy, or the belief that one can self-manage ones own health, is an important goal of health care providers, particularly in
The significance of transfer of training to organizations has been recognized by researchers and managers alike, and the factors affecting the transfer have been the subject of many research studies in the West. Considering the recent growth in training investment and coverage in public enterprises in Nepal without corresponding impact on their performance, the issue of transfer of training has gained importance in our context. This study examines the effect of trainee characteristics, viz.: perceived content validity, learning transfer motivation, and self-efficacy on the level of training transfer and the role of supervisory support in this relationship in the context of Nepali public enterprises. Due to the non-availability of total population, the non-probability sampling method, specifically, quota sampling was used for selecting organizations, and then, managers meeting the pre-defined criteria, were selected for the study. Two hundred ninety-one officials from nine public enterprises ...
Grandma can be quite a peculiar character, and in this hub I want to tell her story through the lens of the Transtheoretical Model of Change.
In both arms, patients receive counseling calls over 15-30 minutes the week before quit date (QD), on QD, 3-5 days after QD, 7-10 days after QD, 15-30 days after QD, 45-60 days after QD, and on day 90 after QD. Patients complete questionnaires for alcohol- and smoking-related measures, self efficacy, stress/negative affects/depression, social support, and physical activity at baseline and weeks 12, 26 and 52 after QD. ...
ONYISHI, Ike E. and OGBODO, Elizabeth. The contributions of self-efficacy and perceived organisational support when taking charge at work. SA j. ind. Psychol. [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.1, pp.1-11. ISSN 2071-0763.. ORIENTATION: Taking charge as an extra role in the workplace is necessary for the survival of modern firms. Therefore, understanding the personal and organisational factors when one takes charge is critical for organisations. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the contributions of self-efficacy and perceived organisational support when taking charge at work. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: Although many previous studies have examined the antecedents of taking charge in North American business environments, we know little about taking charge in the developing economies of Africa. Research about taking charge will provide valuable information for managers of businesses in developing countries in Africa. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: This study used a ...
Virtually all people can identify goals they want to accomplish, things they would like to change, and things they would like to achieve. However, most people also realize that putting these plans into action is not quite so simple. Bandura and others have found that an individuals self-efficacy plays a major role in how goals, tasks, and challenges are approached. People with a strong sense of self-efficacy ...
In this monitoring brief, we explore young peoples sense of self-efficacy and whether they have ever acted to make a difference in their communities. Read more.... ...
Results: 200 patients (41.3%) responded to the survey. At 7-10 months following treatment initiation, 9.5% of patients were not at all troubled by lack of knee confidence; 39.5% were mildly troubled; 31.5% were moderately troubled; 15.5% were severely troubled; and 4% were extremely troubled. Patients with higher arthritis self-efficacy score were more likely to have higher knee confidence (odds ratio [OR] = 0.76; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.63, 0.93; P = 0.007). Patients with higher KOOS ADL score were more likely to have higher knee confidence, although this association was small (OR = 0.96; 95% CI 0.93, 0.99; P = 0.006). No association was found between knee confidence and exercise self-efficacy (OR = 1.00; 95% CI 0.99, 1.01; P = 0.90). Patients reflected on seeing great improvements in their confidence, pain and mobility with the programme. They felt their symptoms got worse if they did not keep up with the exercises. Patients reflected on the importance of continued contact with their ...
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of distraction (auditory or visual) versus no distraction during exercise on feeling states in healthy adult aerobic exercisers. Hypotheses: 1) Healthy adults who aerobically exercise using distraction (auditory or visual) will report improvement in their post-exercise feeling states as compared to their pre-exercise feeling states during the single aerobic exercise session, 2) Auditory distraction will impact feeling states more positively as compared to visual distraction or no distraction when used during aerobic exercise; and 3) Exercise self-efficacy has a moderating influence on feeling states during aerobic exercise. Feeling states were measured by the Exercise-Induced Feelings Inventory (EFI) comprised of four subscales (revitalization, positive engagement, physical exhaustion, and tranquility). Exercise self-efficacy was measured using the Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESE). METHODS: A quasi-experimental three-group pretest-posttest design with ...
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a community patient education -exercise programme, using a cognitive-behavioural approach, for people with fibromyalgia. DESIGN: A randomized, parallel group trial with assessments at 0, 4 and 8 months. SETTING: Community leisure centres. SUBJECTS: People with fibromyalgia (n=183) attending a rheumatology outpatient department at a large district general hospital. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomized to a patient education-exercise group (n=97) or relaxation (attention control) group (n=86). MAIN MEASURES: The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (0-80; lower score means better health). Secondary outcomes included: the Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale(pain and other symptoms subscales: 1 -10 scale; higher scores mean greater self-efficacy) and self-reported improvement. RESULTS: Fifty participants withdrew or were unable to attend and 133 completed and returned baseline questionnaires: patient education group (n=71); relaxation group (n=62); 120/133 ...
This research was encouraged by the tremendous demand for teachers. Two million new teachers will be needed in the United States over the next decade. The teacher shortage has school administration, school boards, education agencies, and institutions of higher education investigating how to train and retain more teachers. Alternative certification programs have been developed to address the teacher shortage. This study examined the effectiveness of traditionally and alternatively certified teachers in two separate programs with regard to their self-efficacy, perception of their training, and their ExCET scores. Traditional candidates (10) and alternative candidates (74) were examined using survey research. According to this data on self-efficacy, perception of training, and ExCET passing rates, there is no significant difference between those teachers who receive traditional training and those who are trained in alternative certification programs.
Objectives: Sustaining physical capacity and reducing psychological symptoms are important, person-centered aims in the disease management of patients with occupational lung diseases. Self-efficacy is an individual resource that appears crucial in disease management. The objective of this study is to explore the association between the severity of disease, psychological risk, self-efficacy and physical capacity.,br /,,br /,Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 197 patients (age: M = 69.9 years) with occupational lung diseases were included at the beginning of inpatient rehabilitation. The parameters were objectively (FEV,sub,1%pred,/sub,, FVC%pred) and subjectively measured severity of disease (mMRC), psychological risk (HADS-D, CRQ Emotion), self-efficacy (CSES-D) and physical capacity (6MWD).,br /,,br /,Results: Illness-specific self-efficacy is significantly correlated with FEV,sub,1%pred,/sub,, FVC%pred, perceived dyspnoea, depression, anxiety and physical capacity. Structural equation models ...
Explanatory theories often describe factors that contribute to health problems, or interfere with prevention activities, and thus provide targets for change. One such theory is the Health Belief Model (HBM) which addresses perceptions of the health problem. These perceptions include the degree of threat in terms of susceptibility and severity, any benefits to be obtained by avoiding the perceived threat, and various internal (e.g., self-efficacy) and external (e.g., barriers to care) factors that influence the individuals decision to act. Other theories emphasize motivations that influence a continuum of stages of behavioral change. The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of behavior change is a theory of this type. The response to chronic illness and the illness experience itself can be described by these models. In managing chronic disease, there are coping strategies and behavior changes that support optimal outcomes and therapeutic interventions can be designed for greater effectiveness by using ...
Discussion Questions: 1. How do Banduras and Rotters social cognitive theories differ from biological theories of personality? 2. How do Milgrams results - particularly the finding that the remoteness of the victim affected.
Material and Methods: Twenty-four patients with breast cancer selected through purposive sampling method and randomly assigned with permutation blocks in two groups of intervention (n = 12) and control (n = 12). The groups were assessed by demographic questionnaire, Perceived Pain Scale, and Pain Self-efficacy Scale before, immediate, and 1 month after the intervention. Participants in the interventional group received MiCBT for 8 weeks ...
Patients belonging to the surgical group reported a higher frequency of drinking soda (p-<-0.01), more use of unhealthy weight-reduction methods (p-<-0.001), and a family history of obesity (p-<-0.01). In addition, they had a longer history of dieting (p-<-0.001), participated more often in organized weight loss programs (p-<-0.01), and had more often lost >10 kg (p-<-0.01) (Table 2). The surgical group reported higher general self-efficacy (p-<-0.001), reflecting a stronger belief that their actions would result in a successful outcome, whereas the non-surgical patients indicated they more frequently were influenced by others in their decision to seek treatment (p-<-0.001). The surgical patients had more specific plans for changing their eating behaviors, as well as plans for coping with barriers and setbacks (p-<-0.001). Moreover, they expected their well-being and social competence to improve to a greater degree in the next three years. Presurgical Assessment and Preparation - Assessment ...
Even remotely using Facebook and Skype, Team Pit-a-Full helped me train and rehabilitate into social environment a rescued, abused, and scared Pit. Starting from the assessment interview, the questions, and the outcome expectations setting. Everything was right on! Love you guys!!!. Vote: BEST Training. ...
Number 1 The examination of the effects of health educators in the self efficacy otherwise known as locus of control in teenagers would lead in a seemingly endl...
Research shows that Canary Healths Digital Self-Efficacy Support program, Better Choices, Better Health, improves lives and reduces costs.
Patients confidence with colorectal cancer screening procedures is predictive of their likelihood to schedule and follow through with screening.
Topic: Supervisor Communication Authors, Title and Publication Mayfield, J., & Mayfield, M. (2012). The relationship between leader motivating language
This study reports the effects of a hypnosis intervention on a professional soccer player who reported low self-efficacy and a negative mood state relative to his soccer performance. Pre- and postintervention data were collected via a Soccer Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (SSEQ) that consisted of 10 items relating to good soccer performance, the Trait Sport Confidence Inventory (TSCI), the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), and a Soccer Performance Measure (SPM). An intervention program consisting of eight hypnosis sessions was conducted. These sessions comprised the presentation of ego-strengthening suggestions. Both visual and statistical analysis revealed substantial increases in trait sport confidence, self-efficacy, positive affect, and soccer performance, as well as a substantial decrease in negative affect over the course of the intervention. The findings of this case study suggest that hypnosis can be used to enhance self-efficacy, affect, and sport performance. A number of ...
Purpose: Self-efficacy, having been identified as a factor influencing teacher effectiveness, combined with the increased prevalence of outdoor education (OE) content being taught within physical education contexts, warrants the need for physical education teacher education (PETE) programs to address OE outcomes. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if participation in an OE program increased self-efficacy to teach OE among PETE students. Methods: PETE students (N = 95) were taught OE content in multiple residential environments and were evaluated using the "Survey of Self-efficacy for Teaching Outdoor Education." Results: Results indicated a significant increase in self-efficacy scores from pretest to posttest in all content areas (OE skills, group dynamic skills, and models and theories). Overall, the OE program had a large effect in changing self-efficacy scores. Conclusion: Participation in the program positively affected PETE students self-efficacy for teaching OE, which ...
Work volition refers to the perceived ability of an individual to choose work under constraints. As they age, older workers often face declines in cognitive functioning and adaptability, as well as age discrimination in organizations. Our goal was to examine the relation between the mentioned constraints and work volition for aging workers, and whether general self-efficacy moderated the associations between constraints and work volition. A total of 350 working Chinese (aged over 45 years) in Hong Kong were recruited. Structural equation modeling (SEM) result showed that perceived age discrimination and cognitive constraint (planning and organization) were salient correlations of work volition. Multi-sample SEM analysis verified that general self-efficacy moderated the association between the cognitive constraints as well as perceived age discrimination in the workplace and work volition. Limitations and recommendations, including assessment of work volition, strengthening of general self-efficacy, and
Background,br /,The study aims to investigate stress-inducing potentials of problem-solving activities (e.g., goal elaboration, decision making, and information seeking) within an authentic problem-solving task from the business administration domain. Furthermore, the study aims to investigate stress-reducing potentials of personal characteristics (e.g., self-efficacy beliefs, vocational experience).,br /,,br /,Methods,br /,A mixed-methods design was chosen to investigate in-depth processes during domain-specific problem solving, using a computer-based office simulation. Personal characteristics were assessed by questionnaires and tests before the task. Cardiovascular and electrodermal reactivity were measured continuously during the task. Problem-solving activities were coded on the basis of screencasts and think-aloud recordings. Changes in physiological reactivity were estimated on the basis of problem-solving activities and personal characteristics via multilevel regression analyses.,br ...
Prevention of diabetes complications requires a multitude of self-management tasks which are time-consuming. For example, following the American Diabetes Association recommendations for self-management would take 143 minutes per day [1]. Patients spend a mean of 58 minutes per day on self-care, with the largest barrier to additional care being not enough time [1]. To compound this, the majority (56%) of people with diabetes have two or more additional chronic conditions [2]. Patient adherence to clinical practice guideline (CPG) recommendations is impacted by multi-morbidity, as it directly impacts self-management ability (e.g., depression) [3] and competes for time and attention [4] (Yu CH: Impact of a web-based self-management intervention for patients with type 2 diabetes on self-efficacy, self-care and diabetes distress, submitted). For example, patients with a greater overall number of comorbidities placed lower priority on diabetes, had worse diabetes self-management ability [5, 6] and ...
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): IT-based business initiatives, such as ERP and BPR, require high computer self-efficacy among employees because as changes require large-scale use of computers. Computer self-efficacy is affected by many internal and external factors; for instance, personality or organizational culture. While extensive literature exists on how psychological and sociological factors affect a persons self-efficacy, almost no research has been done on how organizational culture could influence employees computer self-efficacy. This chapter examines the relationship between organizational culture and employees self-efficacy for a sample of 352 subjects. The results, from multiple regression and discriminant analysis, show teamwork and information flow contribute most to employees computer self-efficacy. Copyright © 2004, Idea Group Inc. Copying or distributing in print or electronic forms without written permission of Idea Group Inc. is
There is an important gap between the implications of clinical research evidence and the routine clinical practice of healthcare professionals. Because individual decisions are often central to adoption of a clinical-related behaviour, more information about the cognitive mechanisms underlying behaviours is needed to improve behaviour change interventions targeting healthcare professionals. The aim of this study was to systematically review the published scientific literature about factors influencing health professionals behaviours based on social cognitive theories. These theories refer to theories where individual cognitions/thoughts are viewed as processes intervening between observable stimuli and responses in real world situations. We searched psycINFO, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CIHNAL, Index to theses, PROQUEST dissertations and theses and Current Contents for articles published in English only. We included studies that aimed to predict healthcare professionals intentions and behaviours with a clear
Source: timlewisnm / flickr. Another concept of cognitive theories of abnormality involves control theory, which describes how an individual assesses a situation depending on how much control they think they have over it. Multiple situations in which a person deals with an uncontrollable event can cause them to feel learned helplessness, which can result in negative feelings about the self and perceptions of future events being uncontrollable as well.. Self-efficacy and global assumptions are also two important areas of cognitive theories of abnormality. A persons self-efficacy is their belief that they can do well and achieve the things they wish to achieve. If a person has negative self-efficacy, then they may experience depression and anxiety. Furthermore, global assumptions are thoughts that people have in general about the world and themselves. A global assumption is likely irrational and self-defeating, such as Everyone has to love me.. While cognitive theories of abnormality are ...
Tuah NAA, Amiel C, Qureshi S, Car J, Kaur B, Majeed A. Transtheoretical model for dietary and physical exercise modification in weight loss management for overweight and obese adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD008066. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008066.pub2. ...
The contribution of cognitive perspectives (cognitive-developmental theory and gender schema theory) to a contemporary understanding of gender development is evaluated.. Recent critiques of cognitive approaches are discussed and empirical evidence is presented to counter these critiques.. Because of the centrality of early gender development to the cognitive perspective, the latest research is reviewed on how infants and toddlers discriminate the sexes and learn the attributes correlated with sex.. The essence of cognitive approaches-emphasis on motivational consequences of gender concepts; the active, self-initiated view of development; and focus on developmental patterns-is highlighted and contrasted with social-cognitive views.. The value of cognitive theories to the field is illustrated, and recommendations are made concerning how to construct comprehensive, integrative perspectives of gender development.. ...
What is self-esteem? What is self-confidence? Discover the difference between the two, plus ideas for improving self-esteem and self-confidence.
Hi there and welcome to week 16 of Contemplation, where we share our responses to a prompt from my Kikki.K A Sentence A Day Journal. If you wish to join in, please write a new post answering the prompt below, use the tag Contemplation and link back to this post. Todays prompt: What motivated…