The dramatic appearance of Saturn stems mainly from the spectacular rings. The atmosphere looks much less dramatic. The clouds of Saturn are much less colorful than those of Jupiter. This is because the composition of Saturns atmosphere includes more sulfur. This adds to Saturns overall yellow appearance. When you look closely, however, Saturns atmosphere is just as fierce as that of Jupiter! The atmosphere of Saturn, like Jupiter, is only a narrow region, compared to the vast interior of Saturn. The three clouddecks of Saturn are to be found mostly low in the atmosphere, while hazes of smog can be found higher up. Saturn is not much changed from its early evolution out of the primitive solar nebula, and in fact, may still be forming! Motions in the cloud patterns indicate that, like Jupiter, the basic weather of Saturn can be described as a striped pattern of winds. ...
Two days before plunging into Saturn, the Cassini spacecraft took one last look around the planet it had orbited for more than 13 years.. The view of Saturn above, released November 21, is actually made from 42 images that have been stitched together. Six moons - Enceladus, Epimetheus, Janus, Mimas, Pandora and Prometheus - are faintly visible as dots surrounding the gas giant (see the annotated image below). Cassini was about 1.1 million kilometers away from Saturn when it took the images on September 13. The whole observation took a little over two hours.. On September 11, Cassini set itself on a collision course with Saturn, and on September 15, the probe ended its mission by burning up in Saturns atmosphere, taking data all the way down.. ...
Two days before plunging into Saturn, the Cassini spacecraft took one last look around the planet it had orbited for more than 13 years.. The view of Saturn above, released November 21, is actually made from 42 images that have been stitched together. Six moons - Enceladus, Epimetheus, Janus, Mimas, Pandora and Prometheus - are faintly visible as dots surrounding the gas giant (see the annotated image below). Cassini was about 1.1 million kilometers away from Saturn when it took the images on September 13. The whole observation took a little over two hours.. On September 11, Cassini set itself on a collision course with Saturn, and on September 15, the probe ended its mission by burning up in Saturns atmosphere, taking data all the way down.. ...
Saturns comparatively paper-thin rings are tilted edge on to Earth every 15 years. Because the orbits of Saturns major satellites are in the ring plane, too, this alignment gives astronomers a rare opportunity to capture a truly spectacular parade of celestial bodies crossing the face of Saturn. Leading the parade is Saturns giant moon Titan - larger than the planet Mercury. The frigid moons thick nitrogen atmosphere is tinted orange with the smoggy byproducts of sunlight interacting with methane and nitrogen. Several of the much smaller icy moons that are closer in to the planet line up along the upper edge of the rings. Hubbles exquisite sharpness also reveals Saturns banded cloud structure. -- HubbleSite ...
... - Featured: the Trojan moon Helene; crater and canyon-covered Tethys; the fractured moon Dione; Saturns second-largest moon, Rhea; the haze-enshrouded, planet-sized moon Titan; the two-toned moon Iapetus; the planet Saturn; the A ring; Saturns rings; (movie); the pale blue dot of earth
... - Featured: the shepherd moon Prometheus; the haze-enshrouded, planet-sized moon Titan; Saturns largest retrograde moon Phoebe; the planet Saturn; Saturns rings; (movie); the pale blue dot of earth
Consider it a cosmic carousel with countless rings up for grabs.. NASAs Saturn-orbiting spacecraft, Cassini, has begun an unprecedented mission to skim the planets rings. On Tuesday, Cassini got a gravitational assist from Saturns big moon Titan. That put the spacecraft on course to graze Saturns main outer rings over the next five months.. The first orbit of this new venture begins Wednesday night. Then on Sunday, an engine firing by Cassini should seal the deal, with the spacecraft making its first ring crossing.. The probes orbit will graze those signature bands once every seven days from now until April, analyzing the milky bands around the planet along the way.. Those bands around Saturn are actually made of countless ice and rock particles swirling in space. There are even moon that orbit within the rings and smaller chunks that spin like propellors, clearing the debris around them.. "You can kind of think of Saturns main ring disc as kind of like what the solar system might have ...
reports. (Three ocean worlds orbit Jupiter, three orbit Saturn, and Pluto could also belong to the club.) The discovery is thanks to gravity data from a flyby by NASAs Cassini spacecraft, which also discovered the subsurface oceans of two others of Saturns moons, Titan and Enceladus. The researchers who reported this finding in Geophysical Research Letters say Diones ocean has existed since the moons origin, which increases the chances that microbial life is thriving in its waters.. *Correction, 6 October, 4:02 p.m.: An earlier version of this article incorrectly stated that Saturn has seven moons. It also incorrectly stated that a subsurface ocean was in definite existence on Dione. The article has been corrected. ...
The Cassini spacecraft that has been busily exploring Saturn and its moons swooped to within 30 miles of the tiny moon Enceladus yesterday, and has already begun sending back images of the fissures near the moons south pole. The icy moon, which is about 310 miles wide, has tantalized scientists with geyser-like eruptions of icy water vapor that were first spotted in 2005…. The eruptions produce a halo of frozen water vapor and gas that replenishes Saturns E-ring as Enceladus circles the planet [SPACE.com].. The Cassini took images of the fissures, which scientists call the moons "tiger stripes," in the infrared spectrum as well, to gain further information about the temperatures in the vents; previous studies had shown temperatures there can reach a relatively balmy -135 degrees Fahrenheit, which is 200 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than the rest of the moon. While the material sprayed out of the fissures consists of frozen water vapor, scientists disagree on whether an internal ocean of ...
NASAs Cassini spacecraft has discovered a huge cloud of ice or frozen compounds on Saturns moon, Titan, around the southern pole of the object. This growing cloud is detected at the mid-stratosphere, the stable atmospheric region above the troposphere or active weather layer of the body.. Get the Free Tracker App to find WowWee Fingerlings. At an altitude of nearly 186 miles or 300 kilometers, Cassinis camera captured the huge cloud hovering over the southern region of Titan, but it was eventually found in 2012 to be not much, but now a larger ice cloud is observed lower in the stratosphere at an altitude of about 124 miles or 200 kilometers.. Deploying its Composite Infrared Spectrometer or CIRS, Cassinis infrared instrument monitors the bodys atmosphere at thermal wavelengths which is invisible to see. Considering its low density, the cloud of the object is just like fog on Earth, NASA reported.. Cassini has been able to witness the transition of fall to winter at the south pole of Titan ...
The images also indicate the prevalence of smaller but vertically well-developed storms across the entire south polar region, indicating the extent to which convection characterizes the area.. Literally hundreds of storm clouds encircle the pole, appearing as dark spots in the infrared spectrometer thermal image (red image) and as both bright and dark spots in images taken in sunlight (blue image). Each of these spots represents a storm. These pictures reveal that Saturns south pole is a cauldron of storm activity, unlike anything ever seen on any planet.. The individual storms surrounding the pole are seen as dark leopard spots in the thermal image (red) taken at a wavelength of 5,000 nanometers, some seven times the wavelength of light visible to the human eye. Here, these spots are blocking the thermal light, or heat, from the interior of Saturn. The storm clouds are thus seen in silhouette against Saturns thermal glow. The effectiveness of these clouds in blocking Saturns interior ...
Beneath an icy crust, Saturns moon Enceladus … has an ocean that covers its entire globe. NASAs Cassini spacecraft measured wobbles in Enceladuss rotation over more than seven years. The data confirm that the crust is moving separately from the rocky core, meaning that there must be a widespread layer of liquid between them, says a team led by Peter Thomas of Cornell University in Ithaca, New York ...
Titan is the only moon in our Solar System with a significant atmosphere. Titans atmosphere consists mostly of nitrogen, and is so thick that the atmospheric pressure at the moons surface is about 60% greater than Earths atmospheric pressure.. Titans atmosphere also has a significant amount of methane. Bombardment of the methane by solar ultraviolet radiation has produced trace amounts of numerous other hydrocarbons. These organic molecules create several layers of smog-like haze in the moons atmosphere, obscuring views of Titans surface.. The Cassini spacecraft has observed clouds in Titans atmosphere near the moons poles. Temperatures are so cold (-178 C, -288 F) on Titan that methane is a liquid at the surface. Scientists believe that methane and ethane may fall as rain and snow from the clouds in Titans atmosphere onto its frigid surface. This image shows the predicted structure of Titans atmosphere. New results from the Huygens probe will likely revise our knowledge of the ...
NASAs Cassini spacecraft will wrap up its time in the region of Saturns large, icy moons with a series of three close encounters with Enceladus starting Wednesday, Oct. 14. Images are expected to begin arriving one to two days after the flyby, which will provide the first opportunity for a close-up look at the north polar region of Enceladus.
LOS ANGELES -- Scientists peering through a ground-based telescope say the surface of Saturns planet-sized moon Titan appears dry and not awash in oceans of liquid hydrocarbons as is commonly believed. Titan - one of two moons in the solar system known to have a significant atmosphere - has long baffled scientists because its surrounded by a thick blanket of nitrogen and methane. Scientists have speculated that the atmospheric methane probably came from seas of liquid methane and ethane. But telescopes and orbiting spacecraft have yet to turn up evidence of a global ocean of methane on Titan. In the latest study, scientists using the Keck II telescope in Hawaii failed to see any reflections of sunlight that would indicate a body of liquid on the frozen moon during several viewings in 2003 and 2004, said lead researcher Robert West of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena. Results appear in Thursdays issue of the journal Nature. The latest Earth-based observations were focused on Titans ...
Titans upper atmosphere is ionized by solar radiation and particle bombardment from Saturns magnetosphere. The induced ionosphere plays a key role in the coupling of Titans atmosphere with the Kronian environment. It also provides unique signatures for identifying energy sources upon Titans upper atmosphere. Here we focus on observations from the first, close flyby by the Cassini spacecraft and assess the ionization and electron heating sources in Titans sunlit ionosphere. We compare CAPS electron spectra with spectra produced by an electron transport model based on the INMS neutral densities and a MHD interaction model. In addition, we compare RPWS electron temperature against the models. The important terms in the electron energy equation include loss through excitation of vibrational states of N-2 and CH4, Coulomb collisions with suprathermal electrons, and thermal conduction. Our analysis highlights the important role of the magnetic field line configuration for aeronomic studies at ...
The sixth planet from the Sun in the solar system. Saturn orbits the Sun at an average distance of 9.5 AU. The planet has a mass 95.2 times the mass of Earth and a radius 9.45 times the radius of Earth. Saturn is a gas planet and has no solid surface. It is made of hydrogen, helium, ammonia, and methane. Saturn is most famous for its beautiful ring system. In addition to the rings, the planet has 47 known moons, the largest of which is Titan.
Enceladus (/ɛnˈsɛlədəs/; en-SEL-ə-dəs) is the sixth-largest moon of Saturn. It is about 500 kilometers (310 mi) in diameter, about a tenth of that of Saturns largest moon, Titan. Enceladus is mostly covered by fresh, clean ice, making it one of the most reflective bodies of the Solar System. Consequently, its surface temperature at noon only reaches −198 °C (−324 °F), far colder than a light-absorbing body would be. Despite its small size, Enceladus has a wide range of surface features, ranging from old, heavily cratered regions to young, tectonically deformed terrains that formed as recently as 100 million years ago. Enceladus was discovered on August 28, 1789, by William Herschel, but little was known about it until the two Voyager spacecraft, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, passed nearby in the early 1980s. In 2005, the Cassini spacecraft started multiple close flybys of Enceladus, revealing its surface and environment in greater detail. In particular, Cassini discovered water-rich ...
On Tuesday Saturn - the ruler of maturity, growth and challenges - leaves watery Scorpio for fiery Sagittarius, where it will stay for three years - until December 19, 2017. Saturn visits each zodiac sign every 28-30 years, so its arrival heralds a definitive two-to-three year period that reveals where our toughest lessons will be. Saturns last tour of Sagittarius was November 1985 until November 1988, so if you were born then, dial back through your personal history. You may see recurring themes, or issues that resurface. Saturn spotlights your "lifes work," so stand tall and get cracking on the next round of this soul assignment.. Saturn and Sagittarius are strange bedfellows, because Sagittarius is the sign of optimism and expansion, while Saturn is all about restriction and harsh reality checks. But this blending of opposites could actually strike a healthy balance. Under Saturns measured approach, we may see the combustible global politics and uprising settle down again. Saturn can ...
When the news comes from Saturns moons, the source is typically Titan-with its hazy atmosphere and frigid surface lakes of methane-or Enceladus-with its plumes of water ice. Last week, however, word came that Rhea, the second-largest Saturnian satellite, has some surprises of its own.. In Fridays edition of Science, a study by Ben Teolis and colleagues confirmed that during a pass of the moon in March, when the ever-reliable Cassini spacecraft cruised over Rheas pole at an altitude of just 60 miles, it directly sampled tiny amounts of oxygen and carbon dioxide there.. "This really is the first time that weve seen oxygen directly in the atmosphere of another world," said Andrew Coates, at UCLs Mullard Space Science Laboratory, a co-author of the study. [The Guardian]. Other atmospheres known to exist throughout the solar system, like that of Titan as well as Jupiters moons Europa and Ganymede, were discovered and studied from afar. Rheas, however, is so thin that this direct pass through ...
The simple way to think about the cloud structure is that different types of gas will condense into ice clouds at different altitudes, almost like layers in a parfait dessert. Exactly which cloud condenses where depends on how much vapor is present and on the temperatures, which become colder and colder at lower altitudes in the stratosphere. The reality is more complicated, however, because each type of cloud forms over a range of altitudes, so its possible for some ices to condense simultaneously, or co-condense.. Anderson and colleagues use CIRS to sort through the complex set of infrared fingerprints from many molecules in Titans atmosphere. The instrument separates infrared light into its component colors, like raindrops creating a rainbow, and measures the strengths of the signal at the different wavelengths.. "CIRS acts as a remote-sensing thermometer and as a chemical probe, picking out the heat radiation emitted by individual gases in an atmosphere," said F. Michael Flasar, the CIRS ...
The Cassini spacecraft has revealed craters filled with hydrocarbons, part of the the basic chemistry needed for life, on Saturns moon Hyperion.
NASAs Cassini spacecraft has provided scientists the first clear evidence that Saturns moon Enceladus exhibits signs of present-day hydrothermal activity which may resemble that seen in
TRIPPA B (finally has some music) v. PERRY SATURN (with the original "RAW is WAR" entrance them - sorta) - Bigelow is sporting a black eye, interestingly enough. Bigelow calls to referee "Blind" Johnny Boone and while hes talking to him surprises Saturn with a kneelift - ha! It actually looks less like a black eye and more like just some kinda mark now that I see that closeup. Saturns fighting back, but Bigelow takes him down with one punch. Bigelow rushes him, but Saturn pulls the top rope and Bigelow flies - Saturn to the outside - ASAI MOONSAULT! Both men back in, but Bigelow in first, so he gets to stompin. Nerve hold and rope choke is broken at 4. Off the ropes, Saturn with a kick in the gut - Sunset flip - nope - Bigelows buttdrop misses, however. Off the ropes with a clothesline - again - Bigelow doesnt go down - third attempt is caught. Saturn in the corner, sat up on the top turnbuckle - Bigelow going for the superplex? But he falls to the mat, so he just beals him instead. 1, 2, ...
The space probe Cassini has finished its mission investigating Saturn and its moons! The robot explorer dived into Saturns atmosphere, destroying the probe and giving it an amazing finish.
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) -- NASA's Cassini spacecraft faces one last perilous adventure around Saturn. Early Saturday, Cassini
A low-temperature flow tube and ultra-high vacuum apparatus were used to explore the uptake and heterogeneous chemistry of acetylene (C2H2) on cosmic dust analogues over the temperature range encountered in Titans atmosphere below 600 km. The uptake coefficient, γ, was measured at 181 K to be (1.6 ± 0.4) × 10-4, (1.9 ± 0.4) × 10−4 and (1.5 ± 0.4) × 10−4 for the uptake of C2H2 on Mg2SiO4, MgFeSiO4 and Fe2SiO4, respectively, indicating that γ is independent of Mg or Fe active sites. The uptake of C2H2 was also measured on SiO2 and SiC as analogues for meteoric smoke particles in Titans atmosphere, but was found to be below the detection limit (γ , 6 × 10−8 and , 4 × 10-7, respectively). The rate of cyclo-trimerization of C2H2 to C6H6 was found to be 2.6 × 10-5 exp(-741/T) s−1, with an uncertainty ranging from ± 27 % at 115 K to ± 49 % at 181 K. A chemical ablation model was used to show that the bulk of cosmic dust particles (radius 0.02-10 µm) entering Titans atmosphere ...
Cassini completed its initial four-year mission to explore the Saturn System in June 2008 and the first extended mission, called the Cassini Equinox Mission, in September 2010. Now, the healthy spacecraft is seeking to make exciting new discoveries in a second extended mission called the Cassini Solstice Mission.. The missions extension, which goes through September 2017, is named for the Saturnian summer solstice occurring in May 2017. The northern summer solstice marks the beginning of summer in the northern hemisphere and winter in the southern hemisphere. Since Cassini arrived at Saturn just after the planets northern winter solstice, the extension will allow for the first study of a complete seasonal period.. Cassini launched in October 1997 with the European Space Agencys Huygens probe. The probe was equipped with six instruments to study Titan, Saturns largest moon. It landed on Titans surface on Jan. 14, 2005, and returned spectacular results.. Meanwhile, Cassinis 12 instruments ...
Anonymous Explorer writes Fresh off of its fly-by with the Saturnian satellite Phoebe, the Cassini-Huygens craft is set for Saturn Orbit Insertion on June 30, 2004. Cassini-Huygens has a planned four year mission ahead for Saturn and its many moons. With 450 watts of power for the electronics, this...
A NASA spacecraft has revealed a new view of Saturn: The first natural-color image of the gas giant from space, in which Saturn, its moons and rings, and Earth, Venus and Mars, are all visible. WSJs
Spacecraft Operations Team Manager, NASAs Cassini spacecraft. On Sunday evening, my eyes were glued to eight windows on my computer screen, watching data pop up every few seconds. NASAs Cassini spacecraft was making its lowest swing through the atmosphere of Saturns moon Titan and I was on the edge of my seat. Trina Ray, a Titan orbiter science team co-chair, was keeping me company. Five other members of my team were also at JPL. Between us, we were keeping an eye on about 2,000 data channels.. One of the 34-meter antennas at the Deep Space Networks Goldstone complex, DSS-24, was pointed at Saturn and listening for the signal that was expected to be here in just a few minutes. The data would be arriving at my computer as quickly as they could be sent back to Earth, though there was an agonizing hour-and-18-minute delay because of the distance the data had to travel. (We call this flyby T70, but it is actually Cassinis 71st flyby of Titan.). It was a nervous time for me - the previous night ...
With its majestic rings, Saturn is the sixth planet from our Sun and the farthest planet that we can see from Earth with the naked eye. With the possible e Source: 10 Outlandish Conspiracies, Claims, And Theories About Saturn - Listverse
In January and March 2009, astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope took advantage of a rare opportunity to record Saturn when its rings were edge-on, resulting in a unique movie featuring the nearly symmetrical light show at both of the giant planet's poles. It takes Saturn almost thirty...
... Vancouver, BC / April 23, 2014 / Saturn Minerals Inc. (TSXV: SMI)(Frankfurt: SMK) Canadas East and West often dominate the oil and gas business headlines.. But what about its vast centre?. In Canadas middle kingdom of Saskatchewan it is well known that an ancient sea has left behind an abundance of potash and coal which has made this province a global natural resource powerhouse.. But also in the thick and diversified succession of sedimentary rocks below the Prairie lands known as the Williston Basin, lie some of the worlds largest reserves of oil and natural gas. Since the mid-2000s, exploration and development of the Bakken Formation of the Williston Basin that stretches through North Dakota, Montana and Saskatchewan have resulted in this area becoming the second largest oil producing area in North America.. Today there are some 3,000 to 3,500 new oil and gas wells being drilled each year in Saskatchewan said ...
Saturn Oil + Gas Inc. ("Saturn" or the "Company") (TSX VENTURE:SMI)(FRANKFURT:SMK) held its annual general meeting on August 15th, 2017, in Saskatoon.
Hal Riney & Partners here continues to spotlight individual employees at General Motors Saturn division to emphasize that the car maker is "a different kind of company." Thirteen new TV spots break this week nationwide in the second phase of Saturns fall campaign, which was launched last month with six spots ...
Hi everyone, were Saturn Never Sleeps, a group and independent label dedicated to the celebration of the electric sound phenomenon and all that inspires it. The label provides a home for boundary pushing releases that dance on the edge of the avant-garde, and the blog is our sketchpad for interactive art and music inspiration.. At the core of our productions and live shows we are producer King Britt and producer/vocalist Rucyl. But whenever we play we collaborate with a full spectrum of like-minded artists and VJs, inviting them to improvise live within a playing field of experimental bleeps and vibrations. Ableton Live allows us to create continuous homemade rhythms on the spot. The Saturn Never Sleeps Elements Ableton Live Pack is a palette of loops, sounds, kits and tools that represent the experimental spirit we push for at all of our live performances.. These elements were created especially for Ableton using an arsenal of synths, drum machines, and homebrew sound applications. Some of the ...
On April 18, 2006, I was traveling with my two kids (a nine year old son and seven year old), and we were hit broadside on the passenger side of the car while making a U-turn by a Ford Ranger truck traveling at least 45-50 mph. Needless to say, my 1997 SW2 that I affectionately called "Smoke" was totaled. Most importantly, my kids and I walked away with no major injuries. The kids had typical playground stuff (bruised knee, knot on the head). I had very mild whiplash, a right ankle sprain, and thigh bruises.. It could have been much worse.. Saturns are replaceable, but my kids arent. Im convinced that Smoke gave his life to save his family, and Ill forever be grateful for that. Its hard to look at the pictures and realize that hes gone, but I still have his sister, Sparky, a 1995 SL2.. Im so glad that the first horrific accident Ive ever had was in a Saturn. They live up to their reputation of being safe cars and I couldnt ask for anything more. Had I been driving a foreign car, Im ...
On April 18, 2006, I was traveling with my two kids (a nine year old son and seven year old), and we were hit broadside on the passenger side of the car while making a U-turn by a Ford Ranger truck traveling at least 45-50 mph. Needless to say, my 1997 SW2 that I affectionately called "Smoke" was totaled. Most importantly, my kids and I walked away with no major injuries. The kids had typical playground stuff (bruised knee, knot on the head). I had very mild whiplash, a right ankle sprain, and thigh bruises.. It could have been much worse.. Saturns are replaceable, but my kids arent. Im convinced that Smoke gave his life to save his family, and Ill forever be grateful for that. Its hard to look at the pictures and realize that hes gone, but I still have his sister, Sparky, a 1995 SL2.. Im so glad that the first horrific accident Ive ever had was in a Saturn. They live up to their reputation of being safe cars and I couldnt ask for anything more. Had I been driving a foreign car, Im ...
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - Oct. 10, 2014) - Saturn Minerals Inc. (TSX VENTURE:SMI)(FRANKFURT:SMK) (Saturn) is pleased to announce that Saturn and Jaguar Resources Inc. have commenced a 2D seismic program over Petroleum Exploration Permit 72 (the Bannock Creek Property) and Exploration Permit 71 (the Little Swan Property) in the northern...
Save $2,381 on a used Saturn Astra. Search pre-owned Saturn Astra listings to find the best Detroit, MI deals. CarGurus analyzes over 6 million cars daily.
The Saturn VUE has an electric fuel pump so you should check its fuses and relays and ensure you have fuel before performing the more difficult task of inspecting the fuel pump. If your vehicle still has difficulty getting fuel you may need to clean or replace the fuel pump. The Saturn VUE's variety of styles can affect the replacement fuel pump you choose.
You just dont see much of the Saturn I launch vehicle. This launch vehicle ended up as little more than an R&D project for more ambitious Saturn technologies. In particular, you just dont get to see much of the damned beautiful symmetry of this rockets S-IV second stage and its six RL-10 cryogenic engines. It…
Jetzt The Membranes - Everyones Going TripleBad Acid,Yeah! - (CD) im Saturn Onlineshop kaufen✓ Viele weitere Artikel findest du in der Kategorie Rock auf saturn.de✓
Search for your needed Saturn Tail Light Assembly, Saturn Tail Light here at Parts Train, offering a wide selection of Over 1 Million Parts in Stock at Low Prices with Fast Shipping.
Jetzt VARIOUS - The Rock n Roll Explosion - (CD) im Saturn Onlineshop kaufen✓ Viele weitere Artikel findest du in der Kategorie Jazz / Blues auf saturn.de✓
Buy Saturn Prescription Eyeglasses from SelectSpecs CA. Wide range of Saturn designer frames. Free lenses, coatings and delivery available.
Liquid water is a requirement for life on Earth. But in other, much colder worlds, life might exist beyond the bounds of water-based chemistry. Taking a simultaneously imaginative and rigidly scientific view, Cornell chemical engineers and astronomers offer a template for life that could thrive in a harsh, cold world - specifically Titan, the giant…
Astronomers say it is likely that Saturns moon Enceladus hides a large body of liquid water just beneath its icy surface, BBC News reported.. More data returned from the Cassini probe, which periodically sweeps past the little moon, has provided even more evidence backing the idea of a sub-surface sea below the moons surface.. Experts theorize that it is the detection of negatively charged water molecules in the atmosphere of Enceladus. Such ions on Earth are often seen where liquid water is in motion, like waterfalls or crashing ocean waves.. Enceladus may not have any "rollers" but it does have a very active region near its south pole where water vapor and ice particles shoot through cracks in the surface and rise high into the moons atmosphere.. Andrew Coates from University College Londons Mullard Space Science Laboratory said they have seen water molecules that have additional electrons added.. Coates told BBC News there are only two ways they could be added -- from the ambient plasma ...
Data collected during two close flybys of Saturns moon Enceladus by NASAs Cassini spacecraft add more fuel to the fire about the Saturnian ice world containing sub-surface liquid water. The data collected by Cassinis Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer during Enceladus flybys in July and Oct. 2008, were released in the July 23 issue of the journal Nature. "When Cassini flew through the plume erupting from Enceladus on October 8 of last year, our spectrometer was able to sniff out many complex chemicals, including organic ones, in the vapor and icy particles," said Hunter Waite, the Cassini Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer Lead Scientist from the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, Texas. "One of the chemicals definitively identified was ammonia ...